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Braber T L TL Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands, - - 2014
More than 90 % of exercise-related cardiac arrests occur in men, predominantly those aged 45 years and older with coronary artery disease (CAD) as the main cause. The current sports medical evaluation (SME) of middle-aged recreational athletes consists of a medical history, physical examination, and resting and exercise electrocardiography. Coronary CT (CCT) ...
Witberg Guy G Department of Cardiology, Rabin Medical Center, PetachTikva, - - 2014
Objective: to broaden the data supporting the use of the residual SYNTAX score (rSS) to define 'reasonable' ICR in order to improve the allocation of patients with severe CAD to surgical/percutaneous revascularization and long-term clinical outcomes. Introduction: Incomplete coronary revascularization (ICR) is associated with a worse prognosis in patients with ...
Suzuki Akihiro A Department of Cardiology, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to address the association of lipid profiles with periprocedural myocardial infarction (pMI) after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Of the 302 consecutive patients who received elective PCI at the Chubu Rosai Hospital, Nagoya, Japan between June 2009 and December 2010, data from 231 native ...
Kaiser Christoph C Department of Cardiology, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland - - 2014
-Biodegradable-polymer drug-eluting stents (BP-DES) were developed to be as effective as second-generation durable-polymer drug-eluting stents (DP-DES) and as safe >1 year as bare-metal stents (BMS). Thus, very late stent thrombosis (VLST) attributable to durable polymers should no longer appear. -To address these early and late aspects, 2291 patients presenting with ...
Tu Benny - - 2014
The optimal revascularization technique in diabetic patients is an important unresolved question. To compare long-term outcomes between the revascularization techniques of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). English-language publications in PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid, and EMBASE between 1 January 1990 and ...
Goel Sachin S - - 2014
Data are lacking on the effect of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for severe aortic stenosis (AS). To investigate the association between RAS blockade therapy and outcomes after SAVR for severe AS. Retrospective study. Single tertiary referral ...
Tanabe Yasuhiro Y Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1, Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 216-8511, Japan, - - 2014
Microvascular angina is a rare condition in which myocardial ischemia is caused by microvascular dysfunction without any abnormalities of the epicardial coronary arteries. In clinical practice, it is difficult to diagnose because the microvascular alterations cannot be detected by conventional angiography. Herein we present a rare case of a 67-year-old ...
Smith Peter K PK The authors' affiliations are listed in the - - 2014
Background Ischemic mitral regurgitation is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. For surgical patients with moderate regurgitation, the benefits of adding mitral-valve repair to coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) are uncertain. Methods We randomly assigned 301 patients with moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation to CABG alone or CABG plus mitral-valve repair (combined ...
Tweet Marysia S MS From the Divisions of Cardiovascular Diseases (M.S.T., M.F.E., P.J.M.B., A.L., C.S.R., D.R.H., S.N.H., R.G.) and Biomedical Statistics and Informatics (R.J.L.), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a nonatherosclerotic acute coronary syndrome for which optimal management remains undefined. We performed a retrospective study of 189 patients presenting with a first SCAD episode. We evaluated outcomes according to initial management: (1) revascularization versus conservative therapy and (2) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus ...
Thakkar Jay B JB Department of Cardiology, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2014
Despite overwhelming evidence of the effectiveness of secondary prevention therapies, surveys indicate poor adherence to medical treatments and lifestyle recommendations after an acute coronary syndrome. The term adherence is preferred over compliance, as the former suggests a therapeutic alliance, whereas the latter reflects passive patient obedience. Poor adherence results from ...
Javanbakht Mehdi M Health Economics Research Unit,Institute of Applied Health Sciences,University of Aberdeen;Health Management and Economics Research Center,School of Health Management and Information Sciences,Iran University of Medical - - 2014
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate cost effectiveness of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting from Iran society perspective. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out to estimate the annual cost and health related quality of life (HRQoL) of 109 patients ...
Caballero Luis L Department of Cardiology, Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, - - 2014
Paravalvular aortic regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation is associated with a hemodynamic deterioration and a poor outcome. We aim to determine the early hemodynamic effect of paravalvular aortic regurgitation in relation with the change in the left ventricle filling pattern and to assess their clinical outcome. 82 consecutive patients ...
Koch Christian C Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital of Giessen and Marburg, Giessen, - - 2014
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) plasma values predict major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in cases of acute coronary syndrome. The effect of serial testing in patients who are suspected for acute coronary ischemia is unclear. We hypothesize that sequential MPO measurement may improve prediction of MACE in patients with suspected acute coronary ischemia. ...
Taqueti Viviany R VR Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Heart and Vascular Institute, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine and Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
-Coronary flow reserve (CFR), an integrated measure of focal, diffuse and small vessel coronary artery disease (CAD), identifies patients at risk for cardiac death. We sought to determine the association between CFR, angiographic CAD, and cardiovascular outcomes. -Consecutive patients (n=329) referred for invasive coronary angiography after stress testing with myocardial ...
Grimm Joshua C JC Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, - - 2014
While the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy Versus Stenting Trial (CREST) has been widely accepted as a landmark trial establishing an equivalent risk of major adverse events following carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or carotid artery stenting (CAS), the applicability of these findings to single centers has been questioned owing to the rigid selection ...
Matsuno Yukihiro Y Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Gifu Prefectural General Medical Center, Gifu City, Japan - - 2014
Mitral valve replacement with preservation of the mitral leaflets and subvalvular apparatus is considered to maintain left ventricular geometry and function and reduce the risk of myocardial rupture. However, the routine use of this technique may lead to early complications such as left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and even mitral ...
Hartog Nicholas L - - 2014
Hospitalists are frequently consulted on postoperative patients with hypotension. Postoperative hypotension is common and can be due to variety of causes. Systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve leading to left ventricular outflow tract obstruction is a rare cause of postoperative hypotension and can occur without prior structural heart disease. ...
Tissandier Côme C Pediatric Inserm Clinical Investigation Center 501, Clermont-Ferrand, France; - - 2014
We describe a case of recurrent Kawasaki disease (KD) in a non-Asian 6-year-old boy who had been diagnosed with typical KD without cardiac involvement at age 3 years. He was admitted to the PICU 3 years later for heart failure, hypotension, and deterioration of his general condition. Ultrasonography revealed left ...
Naganuma Toru T Interventional Cardiology Unit, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, - - 2014
Aims: To report clinical outcomes in patients treated with drug-eluting balloon (DEB) versus second-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) for in-stent restenosis (ISR) involving a bifurcation lesion. Methods and results: Between February 2007 and November 2012, 167 bifurcation restenoses in 158 patients were treated with either DEB (n=73) or second-generation DES (n=85). ...
Tsuchida Keiichi K Department of Cardiology, Niigata City General Hospital, Shumoku 463-7, Chuo-ku, Niigata, 950-1197, Japan, - - 2014
Data of long-term efficacy and safety including bleeding risk associated with antithrombotic regimens after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using first-generation drug-eluting stent (1st DES) are scarce. Consecutive 422 patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) underwent primary PCI with DES (285 patients), bare metal stent (BMS, 58 patients) or balloon ...
Park Kwang-Yeol - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objectives. We attempted to determine the propensity for sidedness of cardiogenic emboli associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) by comparing the sides on which microembolic signals (MES) were detected via transcranial Doppler (TCD) monitoring and the location of infarcts on MRI. Design. Patients with AF on Holter monitoring and MES ...
Machado Lucia R - - 2014
Left atrium enlargement has been associated with cardiac events in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR). Left atrium reverse remodeling (LARR) occur after surgical correction of MR, but the preoperative predictors of this phenomenon are not well known. It is therefore important to identify preoperative predictors for postoperative LARR. We enrolled ...
Kurihara Yasushi Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, - - 2014
We aimed to construct reference ranges for time intervals of each component of cardiac flow velocity waveforms in normal fetuses, comparing those variables between right and left ventricles. In 359 fetuses at the gestational age of 17-38 weeks, the durations of atrioventricular (AV) valve opening (AVVO), AV valve closure (AVVC), ...
Bakirci Eftal Murat EM Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Erzincan University, Erzincan, Turkey - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the relation among epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness, angiographic presence of thrombus, and the no-reflow in the patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The study population consisted of 229 patients. The EAT thickness and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were significantly ...
Zhang Bu-Chun BC Department of Cardiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, Jiangsu 221002, - - 2014
The relative safety and efficacy of drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare metal stents (BMS) in patients with calcified coronary lesions is still debated. To evaluate clinical outcome of DES versus BMS in patients with calcified coronary lesions using a meta-analysis of the current literature. We performed a systematic literature search ...
Arif Salech S 2nd Department of Interventional Cardiology, University Hospital, Krakow, Poland. - - 2014
Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has become an alternative for carotid endarterectomy in the treatment of carotid arteries atherosclerosis due to limited injury and comparable periprocedural risk. The impact of coronary artery disease (CAD) on long term follow-up after CAS needs reconsidering due to the intensification of aggressive pharmacotherapy in CAD ...
Chen Heidi I HI Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, - - 2014
Identifying coronary artery progenitors and their developmental pathways could inspire novel regenerative treatments for heart disease. Multiple sources of coronary vessels have been proposed, including the sinus venosus (SV), endocardium and proepicardium, but their relative contributions to the coronary circulation and the molecular mechanisms regulating their development are poorly understood. ...
Hwang Sung Ho SH Department of Radiology, Korea University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
By using late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR) imaging, we compared left atrial late gadolinium enhancement (LA-LGE) quantification methods based on different references to characterize the left atrial wall in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Thirty-eight patients who underwent three-dimensional LGE-CMR imaging before catheter ablation for AF were classified ...
Wada N N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka City University Graduate School of - - 2014
To investigate time intervals of the ductus venosus (DV) flow velocity waveform (FVW) and those of cardiac cycle which correspond with each DV-FVW component in fetuses complicated with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) due to placental insufficiency. Time intervals for systolic (S) and diastolic (D) components were measured in DV-FVW as ...
Katsanos Spyridon S Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, - - 2014
Objectives: To determine the implications of stable coverage of the coronary ostia by the Edwards SAPIEN valve frame in terms of myocardial ischemia and subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Background: Edwards SAPIEN frame is frequently deployed relatively higher than recommended and may overlap the ...
Debonnaire Philippe P Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA Leiden, the Netherlands Department of Cardiology, Sint-Jan Hospital Bruges, Bruges, - - 2014
Recently, it has been hypothesized that mitral leaflet remodelling may play a role in the pathophysiology of functional mitral regurgitation (FMR). We investigated the characteristics, determinants, and relation of mitral leaflet remodelling to FMR severity. Three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiographic data of the mitral valve (MV) were studied in 30 patients with ...
Kishi Satoru S Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Blalock 524, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of left ventricular mass (LVM) with coronary atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction (MI). Patients (n = 338) underwent 320 × 0.5 mm detector row coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography, invasive coronary angiography (ICA), and single-photon emission CT (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging. ...
Borioni Raoul R aDepartment of Vascular Surgery, Aurelia Hospital bDepartment of Cardiovascular Sciences, European Hospital, Rome, - - 2014
Current guidelines do not recommend routine coronary evaluation preceding abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) repair in low-risk patients. The purpose of the present study is to report the incidence of coronary lesions in candidates for AAA repair with a Revised Cardiac Risk (Lee) Index (RCRI) < 2, which are usually excluded from preoperative ...
Tadwalkar Rigved V RV UCLA Medical Center, 100 Medical Plaza, Suite 630, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA. - - 2014
Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is an immunologically-mediated phenomenon that occurs in up to 50% of patients surviving to 10 years post orthotopic heart transplant (OHT). While the pediatric subgroup of OHT recipients has a lower overall prevalence of CAV, prognosis is poor after development, with a 24% mortality within 2 ...
Ji Qingwei - - 2014
BackgroundRecent evidence demonstrated that the circulating adipokines were associated with the onset of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) including unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). As a novel adipokine, chemerin has been related to atherosclerosis and the presence of coronary artery disease. However, the plasma levels of chemerin ...
Sohn Gwan Hyeop GH 0000-0003-1941-007X Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Gangneung Asan Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Gangneung, - - 2014
We aimed to investigate that complete revascularization (CR) would be associated with a decreased mortality in patients with multivessel disease (MVD) and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). We enrolled a total of 263 patients with MVD and LVEF <50% who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stent between ...
Su Li-Shuo LS Department of Cardiology,First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of TCM,Tianjin - - 2014
Animal models of coronary microcirculation dysfunction are useful in research on the pathology of coronary microcirculation dysfunction and its intervention mechanisms. Currently,such animal modes are prepared mainly by mechanical obstruction and chemical damage form coronary microembolization or microthrombosis. This paper summarizes the currently available preparation techniques and compared their advantages ...
Kim Hyun Kuk HK The Heart Center, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, - - 2014
The Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR) was the first nationwide registry data collection designed to track outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). These studies reflect the current therapeutic approaches and management for AMI in Korea. The results of KAMIR could help clinicians to predict the prognosis of ...
Petzoldt Martin M Department of Anesthesiology, Center of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany, - - 2014
This prospective single-center study aimed to determine the responsiveness and diagnostic performance of continuous cardiac output (CCO) monitors based on pulse contour analysis compared with invasive mean arterial pressure (MAP) during predefined periods of acute circulatory deterioration in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The ability of calibrated (CCOCAL) ...
Dermengiu Dan D From the *Department of Legal Medicine and Bioethics, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy; †Department of Forensic Pathology, National Institute of Legal Medicine; Departments of ‡Anatomy and §Pathology, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy; and ∥Department of Pathology, National Institute of Legal Medicine, Bucharest, - - 2014
Coronary vasculitis is a group of conditions occurring either independently or associated with another diseases characterized by an inflammation of the blood vessel's wall and subsequent fibrinoid necrosis, occlusion, stenosis, or aneurismal dilatations. Coronary vasculitis leading to sudden cardiac death has rarely been described in the scientific literature.We present the ...
Pokorny S S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Arnold-Heller-Str. 3, 24105, Kiel, Germany, - - 2014
The aim of this study was the quantification of the apical fixation forces of mitral valved stents for the first time. A test set-up was developed to measure the forces acting on the apical fixation of mitral valved stents. Twenty pigs received a self-expanding valved stent in the mitral position ...
Vianello Fabrizio F Department of Medicine DIMED, University Hospital, Padua, - - 2014
Myeloproliferative neoplasms are most commonly associated with venous thrombosis. Up to 60% of patients experience a thrombotic event in their lifetimes, including stroke or myocardial infarction. It is unclear whether pathogenetic factors linking essential thrombocythaemia (ET) and polycythaemia vera (PV) to thrombotic complications do play a role in the risk ...
Xu Ying Y aDepartment of Cardiology, Haimen People's Hospital, Haimen bDepartment of Cardiology, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University cDepartment of Cardiology, Haian People's Hospital and Affiliated Haian Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, - - 2014
There is accumulating evidence that inflammation plays a major role in the development of the slow coronary flow (SCF) phenomenon. YKL-40 has been suggested to be a potential biomarker of inflammation. In this study, we aimed to study YKL-40 as it relates to SCF. Patients who underwent coronary angiography before ...
Juhl-Olsen P P Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, - - 2014
Left ventricular hypertrophy is associated with adverse outcomes, including death, during cardiac surgery. This may be facilitated by an increased oxygen demand and diastolic dysfunction. Levosimendan augments haemodynamics without further oxygen consumption and improves echocardiographic indices of diastolic dysfunction. This study aimed to describe the haemodynamic effects of short-term pre- ...
Gaibazzi Nicola - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that a semi-quantitative echocardiographic calcium score (eCS) significantly correlates with cardiac calcium measured by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and, secondarily, severe coronary artery calcifications and stenosis. This is a retrospective, observational study, conducted in a tertiary centre. eCS was compared with CCTA scores of non-coronary ...
Tuleta I I Department of Internal Medicine II, Cardiology and Pulmonology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany, - - 2014
Chlamydophila pneumoniae has been implicated in atherosclerosis/restenosis; however, clear evidence is missing. Therefore, the aim of our study was to examine the influence of intimal infection and systemic inflammation on cardiovascular complications after coronary intervention. 45 atheroma specimens from patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease who underwent directional endatherectomy with ...
Pfaff Dennis D Department of Biomedicine, Laboratory for Signal Transduction, University Hospital Basel and University of Basel, - - 2014
This study evaluated associations between plasma T-cadherin levels and severity of atherosclerotic disease. Three hundred and ninety patients undergoing coronary angiography were divided into three groups based on clinical and angiographic presentation: a group (n=40) with normal coronary arteries, a group (n=250) with chronic coronary artery disease and a group ...
Isshiki Takaaki T Division of Cardiology, Teikyo University - - 2014
Background:Prasugrel is being developed in Japan as an antiplatelet therapy for use during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Up to 70% of Japanese patients with coronary artery disease undergo elective PCI. The PRASugrel For Japanese PatIenTs with Coronary Artery Diseases Undergoing Elective PCI (PRASFIT-Elective) study investigated the efficacy and safety of ...
Verdecchia Paolo P From the Department of Medicine, Hospital of Assisi, Assisi, Italy (P.V.); Department of Medicine (G.R.) and Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Pathophysiology (F.A.), University Hospital of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; Department of Clinical Medicine and Cardiovascular and Immunological Sciences, University 'Federico II', Naples, Italy (B.T.); Department of Health Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca and IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Milano, Italy (G.M.); Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences and McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (J.P., P.G., K.T., S.Y.); and Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom (P.S.). - - 2014
Excessively high and low achieved blood pressure (BP) may be associated with a bad outcome in patients with coronary artery disease, the J curve phenomenon. The effect of BP changes from baseline in relation with the subsequent risk of stroke and myocardial infarction (MI) is unknown. Of the 25 620 ...
Courand Pierre-Yves PY Department of Interventional Cardiology, Hôpital Louis Pradel, Hospices Civils de Lyon and University Lyon1, Lyon, - - 2014
A 71-year-old man presented in emergency department for non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. At admission, 12-lead ECG was in sinus rhythm without sign of myocardial ischemia, and troponin slightly increased. The only notable feature of the patient's medical history was single-vessel coronary artery disease revealed 10 years previously, treated by stenting of ...
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