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Eapen Danny J DJ Emory Clinical Cardiovascular Research Institute, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA (D.J.E., P.M., N.G., R.S.P., H.A.K., M.H., E.V., N.A.L., S.L., L.S., - - 2014
Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is an emerging inflammatory and immune biomarker. Whether suPAR level predicts the presence and the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD), and of incident death and myocardial infarction (MI) in subjects with suspected CAD, is unknown. We measured plasma suPAR levels in 3367 subjects ...
Lee Wei-Chieh WC Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
This study evaluated the feasibility, safety, and prognostic outcome in patients with significant unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease undergoing stenting. Between January 2010 and December 2012, totally 309 patients, including those with stable angina [13.9% (43/309)], unstable angina [59.2% (183/309)], acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) [24.3% (75/309)], ...
Sajwani Salma Abdul Aziz - - 2014
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of mortality internationally and in Pakistan. Angioplasty has been proven to be an effective treatment for CAD. Stent thrombosis is a known but preventable complication of angioplasty. Several factors may lead to stent thrombosis with non-compliance with the prescribed drug regimen, being ...
MacGrogan Donal D Program of Cardiovascular Developmental Biology, Department of Cardiovascular Development and Repair, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares (CNIC), 28029 Madrid, - - 2014
Cardiac valve disease is a significant cause of ill health and death worldwide, and valve replacement remains one of the most common cardiac interventions in high-income economies. Despite major advances in surgical treatment, long-term therapy remains inadequate because none of the current valve substitutes have the potential for remodeling, regeneration, ...
Valgimigli Marco M Thoraxcenter, Erasmus Medical Center, 3015 CE Rotterdam, Netherlands - - 2014
To examine the safety and effectiveness of cobalt-chromium everolimus eluting stents compared with bare metal stents. Individual patient data meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Cox proportional regression models stratified by trial, containing random effects, were used to assess the impact of stent type on outcomes. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence ...
Christ Günter G 5th Medical Department with Cardiology, Kaiser Franz Josef Hospital, Vienna, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical utility of individualising dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in an all-comers population, including ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Tertiary care single centre registry. 1008 consecutive PCI patients with stent implantation, without exclusion criteria. Peri-interventional individualisation of DAPT, guided by multiple electrode aggregometry ...
Bangalore Sripal S New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA - - 2014
To investigate the relative benefits of unfractionated heparin, low molecular weight heparin(LMWH), fondaparinux, and bivalirudin as treatment options for patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Mixed treatment comparison and direct comparison meta-analysis of randomized trials in the era of stents and P2Y12 inhibitors. A ...
Gunawardena Mudalige Don Vajira Malin MD Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayewardenapura General Hospital, Colombo, Sri - - 2014
Smoking cannabis is a rare cause of myocardial infarction. We report a 29-year-old man who presented with acute coronary syndrome following consumption of a type of cannabis with the street name 'Kerala Ganja'. KG is smuggled into Sri Lanka from India; it is grown in the south Indian state of ...
Vacek Thomas P TP Department of Medicine, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, OH, - - 2014
Myocardial infarction (MI) due to coronary atherosclerosis in young adults is uncommon; rare causes such as cocaine abuse, arterial dissection, and thromboembolism should be considered. A 21-year-old football player, and otherwise healthy African American man, developed chest pain during exercise while bench-pressing 400 lbs. Acute MI was diagnosed based on ...
Yang Rong R Department of Cardiology, Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050000, - - 2014
Background. Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) limits the outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Objective. To investigate whether pretreatment with Compound Danshen Dripping Pills (CDDP) will decrease the incidence of CIN after PCI. Methods. A total of 229 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing PCI were divided into the control group ...
Yong Celina M CM Stanford University/Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Palo Alto, CA (C.M.Y., F.A., P.A.H.) VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA (C.M.Y., S.M.A., - - 2014
The rapidly changing landscape of percutaneous coronary intervention provides a unique model for examining disparities over time. Previous studies have not examined socioeconomic inequalities in the current era of drug eluting stents (DES). We analyzed 835 070 hospitalizations for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project ...
Alushi Brunilda B Department of Cardiology, Arnsberg Medical Center, Arnsberg, - - 2014
Few cases of a left atrial thrombus without mitral valve disease have been reported. We present an unusual case in which a patient presented to the emergency department with syncope and acute cerebral ischemia caused by a ball thrombus originating from the left atrium (LA). An emergency bedside echocardiogram showed ...
Nagatomo Daisuke D Department of Cardiology, Saga University, Saga, - - 2014
A 76-year-old immunocompetent woman presented to our hospital with general fatigue. Her blood pressure was 60/40 mm Hg and pulse rate was 110 bpm. An electrocardiogram showed ST-elevation in the II, III and aVF leads with complete atrioventricular block. An echocardiogram and CT revealed pericardial effusion and a 6 cm solid tumour lying anterior ...
Kristensen Søren Lund SL Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Roskilde, Roskilde, Denmark; Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Hellerup, - - 2014
The widespread use of coronary stents has exposed a growing population to the risk of stent thrombosis, but the importance in terms of risk of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs) remains unclear. We studied five years follow-up data for 2,098 all-comer patients treated with coronary stents in the randomized SORT ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 603 in vol. 10, PMID: 25120366.].
Rajani Ali Raza AR Department of Cardiology, Rashid Hospital, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, - - 2014
A 46-year-old man presented to our hospital with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Previous records revealed a history of recurrent non-STEMI, stroke and transient ischaemic attacks. He was thoroughly investigated with coronary angiography, a cerebral CT angiography, thrombophilia panel and autoimmune screening tests, all of which proved negative. His current ...
Fadahunsi Opeyemi O Department of Medicine, Reading Health System, West Reading, PA, USA; - - 2014
Acute aortic dissection usually presents with severe chest and/or back pain but may have a varied presentation ranging from syncope, stroke, and heart failure to shock or tamponade. We present classic chest computed tomography images of a case of type A aortic dissection presenting with cardiac tamponade.
Vizzardi E E Section of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences and Public Health, University of Study of Brescia, - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is the option of choice for high surgical risk patients suffering from symptomatic aortic stenosis. We aimed to evaluate the influence of baseline global longitudinal strain on left ventricular mass regression after the procedure. We enrolled 23 patients with pure symptomatic severe aortic stenosis who underwent ...
Biancari F F Department of Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, - - 2014
A number of studies reported on a possible increased risk of morbidity and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with prior percutaneous coronary intervention. A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing the outcome of patients undergoing coronary surgery with or without prior percutaneous coronary intervention was performed. ...
Christoph Marian M University of Dresden, Heart Centre University Hospital , Dresden , - - 2014
Patients with chest pain and normal coronary arteries often suffer from physical and psychological symptoms. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the incidence of mental symptoms in patients with angiographic exclusion of a coronary heart disease. In 253 patients with angiographic exclusion of a coronary heart disease the type and ...
Suri Rakesh M RM Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address: - - 2014
Degenerative mitral valve regurgitation (MR) is the one of the most frequent valvular heart conditions in the Western world and is increasingly recognized as an important preventable cause of chronic heart failure. This condition also represents the most common indication for mitral surgery and is of particular interest because the ...
Sidorova Tatiana N TN Department of Medicine and Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN (T.N.S., L.C.M., L.V.Y., J.K.P., N.J.B., J.V.B., - - 2014
Increasing evidence indicates that proteotoxicity plays a pathophysiologic role in experimental and human cardiomyopathy. In organ-specific amyloidoses, soluble protein oligomers are the primary cytotoxic species in the process of protein aggregation. While isolated atrial amyloidosis can develop with aging, the presence of preamyloid oligomers (PAOs) in atrial tissue has not ...
Garcia-Castaneda Jenny J Medical Department Carnival Cruise Lines, Miami, Florida, United States. - - 2014
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome that has been associated with peripartum and postpartum periods. It results from the separation of the layers of the arterial wall of the coronary artery with the subsequent formation of a false lumen. We report a case ...
Cui Yong-Chun YC State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory for Pre-clinical Evaluation of Cardiovascular Implantation Devices, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100037, People's Republic of - - 2014
A miniature pig model of ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) was developed by posterior mitral chordae tendinae rupture and implantation of an ameroid constrictor. A 2.5-mm ameroid constrictor was placed around the left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) of male Tibetan miniature pigs to induce ischemia, while the posterior mitral chordae tendinae ...
Zhang Yan Y Division of Dyslipidemia, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, FuWai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, BeiLiShi Road 167, Beijing, 100037, - - 2014
Fibrinogen is a coagulation/inflammatory biomarker strongly associated with atherogenesis. However, no data is currently available regarding the association of fibrinogen level with the presence and severity of new-onset coronary atherosclerosis assessed by Gensini score (GS), particularly in Han Chinese with a large sample size. We studied 2288 consecutive, new-onset subjects ...
Niu Xiaowei X The First Clinical Medical School, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu, - - 2014
It remains uncertain whether remote ischaemic conditioning (RIC) using cycles of limb ischaemia-reperfusion as a conditioning stimulus benefits patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We performed a meta-analysis toassessthe effect of RIC in PCI. The PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and CENTRAL databases were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) ...
Wolny Rafał R Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, - - 2014
No-reflow or slow-flow phenomenon is one of the serious complications of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in acute myocardial infarction, as well as during elective procedures, and is an independent predictor of myocardial infarction, and in-hospital and long-term mortality. We present a case of an elective PCI of native coronary artery ...
Ozyurtlu Ferhat F Special Grand Medical Hospital, Manisa, - - 2014
Coronary slow flow (CSF) is an angiographic phenomenon characterised by the delay of distal vessel opacification in the absence of significant stenosis of the epicardial coronary arteries. Some of the factors playing a role in CSF pathophysiology are increased thrombogenic activity and inflammation. To examine the relationship between platelet distribution ...
Shrestha Rajiv R Department of Cardiology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, - - 2014
The outcome differences between Chinese male and female patients within one-year follow-up after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent remain unclear. The present study was aimed to compare clinical outcomes in such two populations. From May 1999 to December 2009, 4,334 patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina, stable ...
Köksal Aydin S - - 2013
Recent guidelines and consensus reports recommend endoscopic injection therapy with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate as the first-line treatment for bleeding-isolated gastric varices and gastroesophageal varices types 1 and 2. Embolization is a rare but serious complication of cyanoacrylate injection, which may be fatal in some cases. Herein, we present a patient who developed ...
Wallace Eric L - - 2013
To characterize the perfusion bed of the first septal perforator by myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy undergoing alcohol septal ablation (ASA). MCE is used to define the septal perforator anatomy prior to ASA. Occasionally, ASA cannot be performed due to unfavorable septal anatomy or perfusion outside ...
Ciftçi Ozgür O Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Ankara, - - 2013
A 74-year-old male patient was admitted to our emergency department with post-MI angina. On account of the anginal complaint that continued for three days, a coronary artery angiography was undertaken. A percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty was performed, followed by the implantation of a coronary stent, and coronary perfusion (TIMI-3) was ...
Mufti Hani N HN Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada ; Department of Surgery, King Khalid National Guard Hospital, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi - - 2013
Mechanical complications of ventricular assist devices (VADs) are rare but serious. The authors describe two cases of different mechanical complications of VADs that can affect the mitral valve. Attention should be paid to the position of the inflow/outflow cannula after off-loading of the ventricle, especially in acute heart failure and ...
Rennyson Stephen L - - 2013
Left ventricular support devices (LVADs) are associated with a propensity toward gastrointestinal bleeding. A postulated mechanism is related to gastrointestinal arteriovenous malformations secondary to nonpulsatile flow. We describe a case of LVAD-related, gastrointestinal bleeding successfully treated with a combination of subcutaneous and intramuscular depot formulations of octreotide.
Kim Dongmin - - 2013
Chest draining is a common procedure for treating pleural effusion. Perforation of the heart is a rare often fatal complication of chest drain insertion. We report a case of a 76-year-old female patient suffering from congestive heart failure. At presentation, unilateral opacity of the left chest observed on a chest ...
Strauss David G DG Office of Science and Engineering, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA. - - 2013
This study sought to test the hypothesis that right bundle branch block (RBBB) patients have larger scar size than left bundle branch block (LBBB) patients do. A proximal septal perforating branch of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery most commonly perfuses the right bundle branch and left anterior fascicle, ...
Sanati Hamidreza H Cardiovascular Intervention Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2013
TIMI Frame Count (TFC) is one of the methods to estimate the coronary blood flow velocity. This is a simple, inexpensive, quantitative, reproducible, and continuous variable method. Many studies have been conducted on TFC assessment in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. The present study is aimed to measure the ...
Sallam Tamer - - 2013
Our patient underwent emergent CABG after suffering a coronary perforation during PCI and subsequently developed two large coronary pseudoaneurysms which were treated with a percutaneous approach using feathered coils. The incidence of emergency CABG secondary to perforation has dramatically decreased [1] however, the mortality for emergent CABG remains extremely high ...
Singh Yadvinder - - 2013
A previously healthy 16-year-old girl presented with history of fever of 3 months duration without any significant clinical finding on examination. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed moderate pericardial effusion and later diagnosed as tubercular in etiology. Besides, TTE also showed an incidental finding of large left ventricular (LV) diverticulum in submitral region ...
Pojar Marek - - 2013
Cardiac ventricle perforation by a pacemaker (PM) lead is an uncommon complication of PM implantation. We report a patient with a delayed right ventricular perforation from a permanent PM lead which presented as a left hemothorax.
Alston Evan A EA Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-0019, - - 2013
Covered stents are the standard of care when coronary perforations complicate percutaneous coronary interventions and have also been utilized in the treatment of coronary aneurysms. We present the clinical and histologic features of a patient who developed a coronary perforation and pseudoaneurysm 4 years following deployment of intracoronary stents. Although ...
Perrotti Andrea A Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, EA3920, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, 25000, Besançon, - - 2013
The preoperative and surgical management of a giant left ventricular pseudoaneurysm(LVP) associated with aortic valve replacement in a 76 year old male Jehovah's Witness patient is reported. The satisfactory recovery observed in this patient demonstrates the feasibility of this complex surgical procedure even in this particular patient population.
Chen Dong-Yi - - 2013
Percutaneous coronary intervention carries the risk of coronary artery perforation, which may lead to serious adverse effects such as cardiac tamponade, myocardial infarction, and even death. We describe a patient who developed hemoptysis immediately after saphenous vein graft rupture, which is a rare complication during coronary intervention. Stenting using a ...
Esmaeilzadeh Maryam M Echocardiography Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2012
We present a very rare case of partially unroofed coronary sinus without persistent left superior vena cava in a 74 years old female with a history of hypertension, severe myxomatous bileaflet mitral valve prolapse with severe eccentric mitral regurgitation which was diagnosed during cardiac surgery.
Gültekin Nazmi N Department of Cardiology, İstanbul University Cardiology Institute, İstanbul, - - 2012
Acute myocardial infarction caused by septic embolism is usually fatal. A 40-year-old male patient who presented within 30 minutes of severe chest pain was admitted to the emergency department. An electrocardiogram showed a maximum 6 mm of acute ST elevations at V1-V4 derivations. His body temperature was as high as ...
Garg Kanwaljeet - - 2012
Ventricular diverticula are dilatations of the ventricular system caused by stretching and protrusion of the ventricular wall as a result of severe chronic obstructive hydrocephalus. We report a case of lateral ventricular diverticulum arising from the occipital horn in a patient with occipital encephalocele. To the best of our knowledge, ...
Nagel Bert - - 2012
This case report describes a unique form of a left ventricular diverticulum in a 17-year-old patient.Echocardiography, angiography, and magnetic resonance imaging including virtual endoscopy complete a detailed picture of the size and texture of a diverticulum, as well as the localisation of the two connections into the left ventricle.
Alves Marco G - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Understanding heart metabolism during preservation is crucial to develop new effective cardioplegic solutions. We aim to investigate metabolic alterations during heart preservation in the clinically used Celsior (Cs) and histidine buffer solution (HBS). We also focused in gender-specific metabolic adaptations during ischemia. We followed energy metabolism in hearts from ...
Guglin Maya - - 2012
Objectives: The dataset from the Evaluation Study of Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Artery Catheterization Effectiveness (ESCAPE) trial provides a rare opportunity to evaluate the whole spectrum of associations of hemoglobin (HB) and hematocrit (HCT) in heart failure (HF). In that trial, subjective and objective data were recorded at multiple ...
Kalra Paul R - - 2012
AIMS: The present study aims to investigate patterns of beta-blocker usage in a national primary care cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a retrospective cohort study utilising the UK General Practice Research Database from 2004 to 2008. Inclusion criteria were (i) a first diagnosis of chronic heart failure (CHF), myocardial ...
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