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Li Xiao-Yan XY Department of Cardiology, Jinan Military General Hospital Jinan 250031, - - 2014
The global coronary calcium score has been widely used in the evaluation of coronary plaque burden and cardiovascular disease events. In this study, we investigated the value of segmental coronary calcium score (SCCS) on the diagnosis and interventional treatment. We studied 87 patients with coronary angiography (CAG) and coronary CT ...
Yang Rong R Department of Cardiology, Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050000, - - 2014
Background. Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) limits the outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Objective. To investigate whether pretreatment with Compound Danshen Dripping Pills (CDDP) will decrease the incidence of CIN after PCI. Methods. A total of 229 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing PCI were divided into the control group ...
Cui Yong-Chun YC State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory for Pre-clinical Evaluation of Cardiovascular Implantation Devices, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100037, People's Republic of - - 2014
A miniature pig model of ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) was developed by posterior mitral chordae tendinae rupture and implantation of an ameroid constrictor. A 2.5-mm ameroid constrictor was placed around the left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) of male Tibetan miniature pigs to induce ischemia, while the posterior mitral chordae tendinae ...
Zhou Hua H Department of Cardiology, East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200120, - - 2014
The treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is thought to restore antegrade blood flow in the infarct-related artery (IRA) and minimize ischemic damage to the myocardium as soon as possible. The present study aimed to identify possible clinical predictors for no-reflow in patients with AMI after primary percutaneous coronary intervention ...
Hung Ming-Jui MJ 1. Department of Cardiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Coronary artery spasm (CAS), an intense vasoconstriction of coronary arteries that causes total or subtotal vessel occlusion, plays an important role in myocardial ischemic syndromes including stable and unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. Coronary angiography and provocative testing usually is required to establish a definitive diagnosis. ...
Alushi Brunilda B Department of Cardiology, Arnsberg Medical Center, Arnsberg, - - 2014
Few cases of a left atrial thrombus without mitral valve disease have been reported. We present an unusual case in which a patient presented to the emergency department with syncope and acute cerebral ischemia caused by a ball thrombus originating from the left atrium (LA). An emergency bedside echocardiogram showed ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 603 in vol. 10, PMID: 25120366.].
Ozyurtlu Ferhat F Special Grand Medical Hospital, Manisa, - - 2014
Coronary slow flow (CSF) is an angiographic phenomenon characterised by the delay of distal vessel opacification in the absence of significant stenosis of the epicardial coronary arteries. Some of the factors playing a role in CSF pathophysiology are increased thrombogenic activity and inflammation. To examine the relationship between platelet distribution ...
Widmer R Jay RJ Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic and College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, United States of - - 2014
Human microRNAs (miRs) have been implicated in human diseases presumably through the downregulation and silencing of targeted genes via post-translational modifications. However, their role in the early stage of coronary atherosclerosis is not known. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that patients with early atherosclerosis and ...
Gunawardena Mudalige Don Vajira Malin MD Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayewardenapura General Hospital, Colombo, Sri - - 2014
Smoking cannabis is a rare cause of myocardial infarction. We report a 29-year-old man who presented with acute coronary syndrome following consumption of a type of cannabis with the street name 'Kerala Ganja'. KG is smuggled into Sri Lanka from India; it is grown in the south Indian state of ...
Young William W Department of Cardiology, NHS, London, - - 2014
We describe a patient with recurrent episodes of inferior ST elevation, secondary to coronary artery spasm. Each episode appeared to be provoked by the ingestion of rice and accompanied by a troponin T rise. An inpatient coronary angiogram immediately following an episode of pain demonstrated a focal area of spasm ...
Costa Cátia C Hospital Santarém, Santarém, - - 2014
A 73-year-old man was admitted to the cardiology department with unstable angina. He had a history of macroglossia with 3 years of development, attributed to hypothyroidism. On physical examination, he presented an exuberant macroglossia. The following diagnostic procedures were performed-ECG, in sinus rhythm with low voltage criteria, and transthoracic echocardiography, which ...
Niu Xiaowei X The First Clinical Medical School, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu, - - 2014
It remains uncertain whether remote ischaemic conditioning (RIC) using cycles of limb ischaemia-reperfusion as a conditioning stimulus benefits patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We performed a meta-analysis toassessthe effect of RIC in PCI. The PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and CENTRAL databases were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) ...
Yontar Osman Can OC Cardiology Clinic, Bursa Postdoctorate Training and Research Hospital Bursa, - - 2014
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) has been long known for causing susceptibility for ventricular arrhythmogenesis, and this risk was evaluated by various methods, mostly by using QT interval related measurements on surface electrocardiogram. T wave peak to end (Tp-e) interval is a relatively new marker for ventricular arrhythmogenesis and repolarization heterogeneity. ...
Monem Mohammed M St Peter's Hospital, Surrey, - - 2014
A 67-year-old Caucasian woman presented to clinic with a 2-month history of worsening shortness of breath on exertion and a single episode of chest pain 1 week before. Her ECG in clinic showed ST elevation inferiorly and she was admitted from clinic for further investigations as inpatient. She was initiated on ...
Christoph Marian M University of Dresden, Heart Centre University Hospital , Dresden , - - 2014
Patients with chest pain and normal coronary arteries often suffer from physical and psychological symptoms. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the incidence of mental symptoms in patients with angiographic exclusion of a coronary heart disease. In 253 patients with angiographic exclusion of a coronary heart disease the type and ...
Abe Arata A Department of Neurological Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Nippon Medical - - 2014
A 75-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with dysphagia shortly after the onset of a brainstem infarction. Videofluorography indicated the presence of a Zenker's diverticulum with a bolus at the esophageal orifice; endoscopy 5 years earlier had not shown a Zenker's diverticulum and suggests that the diverticulum had formed ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090222.].
McManus Kenneth K Department of Emergency Medicine, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Virginia, - - 2014
An 83-year-old man 2 days postoperative from L3 to L5 laminectomy developed sudden onset of chest pain. Initial ECGs demonstrated a tall R wave in V1 and ST-segment depression in leads V2-V5. A posterior ECG was performed, but failed to demonstrate ST elevations. The patient was initially treated as an non-ST-segment ...
Lee Wei-Chieh WC Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
This study evaluated the feasibility, safety, and prognostic outcome in patients with significant unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease undergoing stenting. Between January 2010 and December 2012, totally 309 patients, including those with stable angina [13.9% (43/309)], unstable angina [59.2% (183/309)], acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) [24.3% (75/309)], ...
Navarese Eliano Pio EP Invasive Cardiology, National Research Council Institute of Clinical Physiology (CNR-IFC), Pisa , Italy ; Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Vascular Medicine, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf , Germany ; Systematic Investigation and Research on Interventions and Outcomes (SIRIO) MEDICINE Research - - 2014
First-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have become the most widely used devices worldwide for management of coronary artery disease. As remote follow-up data were becoming available, concerns emerged in regard to their long-term safety. Second-generation DES were designed to overcome safety issues, but the results of randomised clinical trials remain conflicting. ...
Wolny Rafał R Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, - - 2014
No-reflow or slow-flow phenomenon is one of the serious complications of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in acute myocardial infarction, as well as during elective procedures, and is an independent predictor of myocardial infarction, and in-hospital and long-term mortality. We present a case of an elective PCI of native coronary artery ...
Fadahunsi Opeyemi O Department of Medicine, Reading Health System, West Reading, PA, USA; - - 2014
Acute aortic dissection usually presents with severe chest and/or back pain but may have a varied presentation ranging from syncope, stroke, and heart failure to shock or tamponade. We present classic chest computed tomography images of a case of type A aortic dissection presenting with cardiac tamponade.
A Dzaye Omar Dildar OD Department of Cardiology, Imperial College NHS Trust, Hammersmith Hospital, London, - - 2014
Oral capecitabine is a prodrug of 5-fluorouracil that has been used into the management of multiple cancers because of the convenience of administration and efficacy at least comparable with 5-fluorouracil. While cardiac complications associated with the use of 5-fluorouracil are well-documented, capecitabine-induced acute coronary syndrome has rarely been reported and ...
Gallagher S M SM Department of Cardiology, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK NIHR Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, London Chest Hospital, London, UK Department of Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, William Harvey Research, Queen Mary College, London, - - 2014
National guidelines recommend 'early' coronary angiography within 96 h of presentation for patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). Most patients with NSTE-ACS present to their district general hospital (DGH), and await transfer to the regional cardiac centre for angiography. This care model has inherent time delays, and delivery of ...
Christ Günter G 5th Medical Department with Cardiology, Kaiser Franz Josef Hospital, Vienna, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical utility of individualising dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in an all-comers population, including ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Tertiary care single centre registry. 1008 consecutive PCI patients with stent implantation, without exclusion criteria. Peri-interventional individualisation of DAPT, guided by multiple electrode aggregometry ...
Valgimigli Marco M Thoraxcenter, Erasmus Medical Center, 3015 CE Rotterdam, Netherlands - - 2014
To examine the safety and effectiveness of cobalt-chromium everolimus eluting stents compared with bare metal stents. Individual patient data meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Cox proportional regression models stratified by trial, containing random effects, were used to assess the impact of stent type on outcomes. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence ...
Biancari F F Department of Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, - - 2014
A number of studies reported on a possible increased risk of morbidity and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with prior percutaneous coronary intervention. A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing the outcome of patients undergoing coronary surgery with or without prior percutaneous coronary intervention was performed. ...
Vacek Thomas P TP Department of Medicine, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, OH, - - 2014
Myocardial infarction (MI) due to coronary atherosclerosis in young adults is uncommon; rare causes such as cocaine abuse, arterial dissection, and thromboembolism should be considered. A 21-year-old football player, and otherwise healthy African American man, developed chest pain during exercise while bench-pressing 400 lbs. Acute MI was diagnosed based on ...
MacGrogan Donal D Program of Cardiovascular Developmental Biology, Department of Cardiovascular Development and Repair, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares (CNIC), 28029 Madrid, - - 2014
Cardiac valve disease is a significant cause of ill health and death worldwide, and valve replacement remains one of the most common cardiac interventions in high-income economies. Despite major advances in surgical treatment, long-term therapy remains inadequate because none of the current valve substitutes have the potential for remodeling, regeneration, ...
Kureshi Faraz F Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, Kansas City, MO 64111, USA University of Missouri- Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, USA - - 2014
To assess the perceptions of patients with stable coronary artery disease of the urgency and benefits of elective percutaneous coronary intervention and to examine how they vary across centers and by providers. Cross sectional study. 10 US academic and community hospitals performing percutaneous coronary interventions between 2009 and 2011. 991 ...
Shrestha Rajiv R Department of Cardiology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, - - 2014
The outcome differences between Chinese male and female patients within one-year follow-up after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent remain unclear. The present study was aimed to compare clinical outcomes in such two populations. From May 1999 to December 2009, 4,334 patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina, stable ...
Köksal Aydin S - - 2013
Recent guidelines and consensus reports recommend endoscopic injection therapy with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate as the first-line treatment for bleeding-isolated gastric varices and gastroesophageal varices types 1 and 2. Embolization is a rare but serious complication of cyanoacrylate injection, which may be fatal in some cases. Herein, we present a patient who developed ...
Wallace Eric L - - 2013
To characterize the perfusion bed of the first septal perforator by myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy undergoing alcohol septal ablation (ASA). MCE is used to define the septal perforator anatomy prior to ASA. Occasionally, ASA cannot be performed due to unfavorable septal anatomy or perfusion outside ...
Ciftçi Ozgür O Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Ankara, - - 2013
A 74-year-old male patient was admitted to our emergency department with post-MI angina. On account of the anginal complaint that continued for three days, a coronary artery angiography was undertaken. A percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty was performed, followed by the implantation of a coronary stent, and coronary perfusion (TIMI-3) was ...
Mufti Hani N HN Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada ; Department of Surgery, King Khalid National Guard Hospital, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi - - 2013
Mechanical complications of ventricular assist devices (VADs) are rare but serious. The authors describe two cases of different mechanical complications of VADs that can affect the mitral valve. Attention should be paid to the position of the inflow/outflow cannula after off-loading of the ventricle, especially in acute heart failure and ...
Rennyson Stephen L - - 2013
Left ventricular support devices (LVADs) are associated with a propensity toward gastrointestinal bleeding. A postulated mechanism is related to gastrointestinal arteriovenous malformations secondary to nonpulsatile flow. We describe a case of LVAD-related, gastrointestinal bleeding successfully treated with a combination of subcutaneous and intramuscular depot formulations of octreotide.
Kim Dongmin - - 2013
Chest draining is a common procedure for treating pleural effusion. Perforation of the heart is a rare often fatal complication of chest drain insertion. We report a case of a 76-year-old female patient suffering from congestive heart failure. At presentation, unilateral opacity of the left chest observed on a chest ...
Strauss David G DG Office of Science and Engineering, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA. - - 2013
This study sought to test the hypothesis that right bundle branch block (RBBB) patients have larger scar size than left bundle branch block (LBBB) patients do. A proximal septal perforating branch of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery most commonly perfuses the right bundle branch and left anterior fascicle, ...
Sanati Hamidreza H Cardiovascular Intervention Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2013
TIMI Frame Count (TFC) is one of the methods to estimate the coronary blood flow velocity. This is a simple, inexpensive, quantitative, reproducible, and continuous variable method. Many studies have been conducted on TFC assessment in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. The present study is aimed to measure the ...
Sallam Tamer - - 2013
Our patient underwent emergent CABG after suffering a coronary perforation during PCI and subsequently developed two large coronary pseudoaneurysms which were treated with a percutaneous approach using feathered coils. The incidence of emergency CABG secondary to perforation has dramatically decreased [1] however, the mortality for emergent CABG remains extremely high ...
Singh Yadvinder - - 2013
A previously healthy 16-year-old girl presented with history of fever of 3 months duration without any significant clinical finding on examination. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed moderate pericardial effusion and later diagnosed as tubercular in etiology. Besides, TTE also showed an incidental finding of large left ventricular (LV) diverticulum in submitral region ...
Pojar Marek - - 2013
Cardiac ventricle perforation by a pacemaker (PM) lead is an uncommon complication of PM implantation. We report a patient with a delayed right ventricular perforation from a permanent PM lead which presented as a left hemothorax.
Alston Evan A EA Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-0019, - - 2013
Covered stents are the standard of care when coronary perforations complicate percutaneous coronary interventions and have also been utilized in the treatment of coronary aneurysms. We present the clinical and histologic features of a patient who developed a coronary perforation and pseudoaneurysm 4 years following deployment of intracoronary stents. Although ...
Perrotti Andrea A Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, EA3920, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, 25000, Besançon, - - 2013
The preoperative and surgical management of a giant left ventricular pseudoaneurysm(LVP) associated with aortic valve replacement in a 76 year old male Jehovah's Witness patient is reported. The satisfactory recovery observed in this patient demonstrates the feasibility of this complex surgical procedure even in this particular patient population.
Chen Dong-Yi - - 2013
Percutaneous coronary intervention carries the risk of coronary artery perforation, which may lead to serious adverse effects such as cardiac tamponade, myocardial infarction, and even death. We describe a patient who developed hemoptysis immediately after saphenous vein graft rupture, which is a rare complication during coronary intervention. Stenting using a ...
Esmaeilzadeh Maryam M Echocardiography Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2012
We present a very rare case of partially unroofed coronary sinus without persistent left superior vena cava in a 74 years old female with a history of hypertension, severe myxomatous bileaflet mitral valve prolapse with severe eccentric mitral regurgitation which was diagnosed during cardiac surgery.
Gültekin Nazmi N Department of Cardiology, İstanbul University Cardiology Institute, İstanbul, - - 2012
Acute myocardial infarction caused by septic embolism is usually fatal. A 40-year-old male patient who presented within 30 minutes of severe chest pain was admitted to the emergency department. An electrocardiogram showed a maximum 6 mm of acute ST elevations at V1-V4 derivations. His body temperature was as high as ...
Garg Kanwaljeet - - 2012
Ventricular diverticula are dilatations of the ventricular system caused by stretching and protrusion of the ventricular wall as a result of severe chronic obstructive hydrocephalus. We report a case of lateral ventricular diverticulum arising from the occipital horn in a patient with occipital encephalocele. To the best of our knowledge, ...
Alves Marco G - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Understanding heart metabolism during preservation is crucial to develop new effective cardioplegic solutions. We aim to investigate metabolic alterations during heart preservation in the clinically used Celsior (Cs) and histidine buffer solution (HBS). We also focused in gender-specific metabolic adaptations during ischemia. We followed energy metabolism in hearts from ...
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