Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2317
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Boles Usama - - 2010
A standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is performed in all hypertensive patients, primarily to detect left ventricular hypertrophy. Echocardiographic assessment of hypertensive subjects reveals that abnormalities in diastolic function occur more commonly and earlier than increased left ventricular mass. However, ECG changes associated with diastolic dysfunction (DD) remain poorly defined; we ...
Hanna Elias B - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the left-ventricular diastolic chamber size in patients with a normal ejection fraction and elevated left-sided filling pressures. BACKGROUND: The consensus view that patients with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and elevated left-sided filling pressures have a normal left ventricular diastolic size is a point of controversy. ...
Chejtman Demian - - 2010
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) may be a physiological finding and may also be associated with different disease entities and hence, with different outcomes. Regional myocardial function can be assessed with color Doppler tissue imaging, specifically by the waveform of the isovolumic contraction (IC) period and the regional systolic wave ("s"). ...
Nahum Julien - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal myocardial deformation indexes appear superior to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in assessing myocardial contractility. However, few studies have addressed the prognostic value of longitudinal motion markers (velocity, strain, and strain rate) in predicting outcome in heart failure patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 125 consecutive symptomatic ...
Buralli Simona - - 2010
Abnormal matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and diastolic dysfunction may affect left ventricular (LV) remodeling and prognosis, but it is not known whether the combined evaluation of MMP-3 and MMP-9 and variables of diastolic dysfunction are useful for the risk stratification of patients with systolic heart failure (HF). Therefore, this study ...
Aase Svein A - - 2010
AIM: To resolve the event in tissue Doppler (TDI)- and speckle tracking-based velocity/time curves that most accurately represent aortic valve closure (AVC) in infarcted ventricles and at high heart rates. METHODS: We studied the timing of AVC in 13 patients with myocardial infarction and in 8 patients at peak dobutamine ...
Walker M D - - 2010
Data on the presence, extent, and reversibility of cardiovascular disease in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) are conflicting. To evaluate the heart in PHPT, we assessed cardiac structure and diastolic function in patients with mild PHPT compared with age- and sex-matched controls. This was a case-control study. The study was conducted in ...
Hummel Y M - - 2010
Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) plays an important role in assessing diastolic function using echocardiography. However, two different methods [pulsed wave (PW-TDI) and color-coded (CC-TDI)] are currently used. We aimed to compare both measurements. We included 114 patients that were referred to our echocardiography department for evaluation of diastolic left ventricular ...
Varol Ercan - - 2010
Sixty three patients with endemic fluorosis (36 males/27 females; mean age 33.9+/-8.6years) and 45 age, sex and body mass index (BMI) matched healthy controls (30 males/15 females; mean age 32.7+/-8.8years) were included in this study. Basic echocardiographic measurements, left ventricular diastolic parameters and left ventricular myocardial performance index (MPI) were ...
Hoffmann Soren - - 2010
Aim To determine how the left ventricular wall motion assessed by echocardiographic Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) is affected by increasing severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients with stable angina pectoris and preserved ejection fraction. This study comprises 82 patients with suspected angina pectoris, no previous cardiac history, and ...
Margulescu Andrei D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Myocardial acceleration during isovolumic contraction (IVA) has been validated as a relatively load-insensitive noninvasive index of contractility. Its feasibility, reproducibility, and variation between segments have not been studied in detail, and thus its utility in clinical practice has not been established. METHODS: We analyzed myocardial velocity loops (median frame ...
Temporelli Pier Luigi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have demonstrated a good correlation between Doppler echocardiographic and invasive measurements of single hemodynamic variables, the accuracy of echocardiography in providing a comprehensive assessment in individual patients has not been validated. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy and clinical applicability of Doppler ...
Wess G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Tissue velocity imaging (TVI) is increasingly used in small animal cardiology. Tissue velocity of the myocardial wall can be measured by pulsed wave (PW) or color Doppler (CD) imaging methods. Currently, the same reference ranges are used for PW TVI and CD TVI methods. However, if and how both ...
Ozyigit Tolga - - 2010
Myotonic dystrophy (MD) is characterized by myotonia with dystrophic involvement of the muscles. Cardiac involvement is usually not evident in the early stages of MD. We investigated biventricular functions by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in MD patients with no overt cardiac involvement to explore the value of TDI in the ...
Tayyareci Yelda - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to evaluate subclinical left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, by two novel echocardiographic techniques, velocity vector imaging (VVI)-derived strain imaging and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), in patients with asymptomatic, severe aortic regurgitation (AR). METHODS: Forty patients with severe AR with normal ejection fraction and 30 controls were included ...
Kidawa Michal - - 2010
In this study, impact of reperfusion delay on adverse cardiac events and right ventricular (RV) function in patients with acute right ventricular myocardial infarction (RVMI) was assessed. In 70 patients with RVMI, RV function was assessed by M-mode tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and by pulsed wave tissue Doppler ...
Kim Eun Ha - - 2010
Adult studies have reported that patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) show ultrastructural and functional myocardial deterioration. The aim of this study was to assess whether cardiac functional deterioration can be detected in pediatric patients with type I DM and whether or not a relatively short duration of DM and hyperglycemia ...
Park Yun Seon - - 2010
Although the modified Simpson's method is widely used for the assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), it has limitations including relatively high inter- and intra-observer variability and time consuming nature. We want to evaluate whether assessing mitral annular systolic velocity (S' velocity) by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) can be ...
Watz Henrik - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the role of abnormal lung function in heart size and heart dysfunction in patients with COPD. We studied the relationship of lung function with heart size and heart dysfunction and associated consequences for 6-min walk distance (6MWD) in patients with COPD of different severitites. METHODS: ...
Borg Alexander N - - 2010
Chronic primary mitral regurgitation (MR) results in enhanced filling of the left ventricle (LV) during early diastole. Filling is impaired with the onset of LV systolic dysfunction, due to increased myocardial stiffness and reduced restoring forces. We investigated echocardiographic parameters of early diastolic function in relation to LV systolic function. ...
Shin Sung-Hee - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mechanical dyssynchrony is considered an independent predictor for adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with heart failure. However, its importance as a risk factor after myocardial infarction is not well defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the influence of mechanical dyssynchrony on outcome in patients with left ventricular dysfunction, heart ...
Verhaert David - - 2010
Right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction is a strong predictor of adverse outcomes in heart failure, yet quantitatively assessing the impact of therapy on this condition is difficult. Our objective was to compare the clinical significance of changes in RV echocardiographic indices in response to intensive medical treatment in patients admitted ...
Tigen Kursat - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular dyssynchrony and myocardial fibrosis are common findings in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NDCM). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between myocardial fibrosis and intraventricular systolic dyssynchrony (DYS-sys) in patients with NDCM. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with NDCM and sinus rhythm were enrolled. Intraventricular ...
Andersen L J - - 2010
The present study examined the cardiac effects of football training and running for inactive pre-menopausal women by standard echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging. Thirty-seven subjects were randomized to two training groups (football: FG; n=19; running; RG; n=18) training 1 h with equal average heart rates twice a week for 16 ...
Aypar Ebru - - 2010
Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) can detect myocardial dysfunction related to iron load in patients with beta-thalassemia major (TM). We aimed to assess the efficacy of pulsed-wave TDI (PW-TDI) in predicting myocardial iron load in patients with TM using T2* magnetic resonance (MR) as the gold-standard non-invasive diagnostic test. 33 asymptomatic ...
Saraiva Roberto M - - 2010
Left atrial (LA) strain (epsilon) and epsilon rate (SR) analysis by two-dimensional speckle tracking can represent a new tool to evaluate LA function. To assess its potential value, the authors addressed whether LA epsilon and SR measured in normal subjects correlates with other Doppler echocardiographic parameters that evaluate LA function ...
Carasso Shemy - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by myocardial hypertrophy, fiber disarray, and fibrosis interfering with myocardial force generation and relaxation. Because conventional Doppler echocardiographic methods inadequately assess diastolic function in HCM, the aim of this study was to determine local and global left ventricular (LV) relaxation mechanics in patients with ...
Cochet Hubert - - 2010
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the feasibility of coronary magnetic resonance (MR) angiography in living mice and to evaluate a dynamic MR angiographic method for coronary flow measurement at 9.4-T field strength. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted according to European law and was in full compliance with National Institutes of ...
Baysal Tamer - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the cardiac functions using conventional echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging in childhood cancers treated with anthracyclines. METHODS: The study group was selected from the patients admitted to the pediatric oncology department for a treatment protocol that included doxorubicin. Body surface area ...
Unsworth Beth - - 2010
Right ventricular (RV) long-axis function is known to be depressed after cardiac surgery, but the mechanism is not known. We hypothesized that intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography could pinpoint the time at which this happens to help narrow the range of plausible mechanisms. Transthoracic echocardiography was conducted in 33 patients before and ...
Shanks Miriam - - 2010
This study examined the prognostic value of novel diastolic indexes in ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI), derived from strain and strain rate analysis using 2-dimensional speckle tracking imaging. Echocardiograms were obtained within 48 hours of admission in 371 consecutive patients with first ST-elevation AMI (59.7 +/- 11.6 years old). Indexes ...
Bistola Vasiliki - - 2010
Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction adversely affects prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) due to left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. However, little evidence exists regarding the prognostic role of RV systolic and diastolic function indexes in combination with plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in advanced CHF. Thus, 102 consecutive hospitalized ...
Capaldo B - - 2010
Abnormal coronary microvascular circulation has been demonstrated in diabetes and is associated with increased rate of cardiovascular events. Our objective was to evaluate coronary vasoreactivity in young people with type 1 diabetes with and without microvascular complications. Twenty-five type 1 diabetic patients without microvascular complications (DC-), 23 with microvascular complications ...
Cheung Yiu-fai - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Increasing data suggest that parameters of myocardial deformation are strong indices of ventricular systolic and diastolic function. We sought to determine myocardial deformation of the left ventricle and assess relationship of deformation rates with myocardial iron load in patients with beta-thalassemia major. METHODS: The left ventricular longitudinal, circumferential, and ...
Butz Thomas - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Echocardiographic tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) has been proposed as diagnostic tool for the differentiation between constrictive pericarditis (CP) and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM). The aim of this study was a comprehensive TDI analysis of systolic (S') and early diastolic (E') velocities of the septal and lateral mitral annulus ...
Tousignant Claude - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Speckle tracking is an ultrasound method that assesses B-mode features to measure tissue displacement and derive deformation parameters. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of using speckle tracking in the measurement of right ventricular (RV) longitudinal strain during cardiac surgery using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). DESIGN: ...
Respress Jonathan L - - 2010
In recent years, murine models have become the primary avenue for studying the molecular mechanisms of cardiac dysfunction resulting from changes in gene expression. Transgenic and gene targeting methods can be used to generate mice with altered cardiac size and function, and as a result, in vivo techniques are needed ...
Choi E Ryoung - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Miyoshi myopathy (MM) is an autosomal recessive distal myopathy characterized by early adult onset. Cardiomyopathy is a major clinical manifestation in other muscular dystrophies and an important prognostic factor. Although dysferlin is highly expressed in cardiac muscle, the effect of dysferlin deficiency in cardiac muscle has not been studied. ...
Clur S A - - 2010
Two fetuses with endocardial fibroelastosis, one with critical aortic stenosis and one with high-output cardiac failure due to chorioangiomatosis, are presented to evaluate the correlation between Doppler echocardiographic findings, the fetal clinical condition and the anatomical substrate found at postmortem. Doppler measurements of cardiac function (systolic, diastolic and global) and ...
Schattke Sebastian - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Isovolumetric acceleration (IVA) is a novel tissue Doppler parameter for the assessment of systolic function. The aim of this study was to evaluate IVA as an early parameter for the detection of right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) without pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: 22 patients ...
Vitarelli Antonio - - 2010
RV performance is difficult to evaluate, given its geometry, interrelationship with the left ventricle, and sensitivity to alterations in pulmonary pressure. This article focuses on some of the challenges related to the assessment of RV function in the setting of the RV's unique anatomic, physiologic, conventional and newer echocardiographic aspects, ...
Germans Tjeerd - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Clinical data on myocardial function in HCM mutation carriers (carriers) is sparse but suggests that subtle functional abnormalities can be measured with tissue Doppler imaging before the development of overt hypertrophy. We aimed to confirm the presence of functional abnormalities using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), and to investigate if ...
Ferreira-Martins João - - 2010
Although systole was for long considered the core of cardiac function, hemodynamic performance is evenly dependent on appropriate systolic and diastolic functions. The recognition that isolated diastolic dysfunction is the major culprit for approximately fifty percent of all heart failure cases imposes a deeper understanding of its underlying mechanisms so ...
Papaioannou Vasilios E - - 2010
Liberation from the ventilator is a difficult task, whereas early echocardiographic indices of weaning readiness are still lacking. The aim of this study was to test whether tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and right ventricular (RV) systolic (Sm) and diastolic (Em & Am) tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) velocities are ...
Alasti Mohammad - - 2010
Signal averaged electrocardiography is a noninvasive method to evaluate the presence of the potentials that are generated by tissues, activated later than their usual timing in the cardiac cycle. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the correlation of data obtained via signal averaged electrocardiography and left ventricular dyssynchrony. ...
Golabchi Allahyar - - 2010
In most studies, the agreeable risk scores for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) consist of thrombolytic in myocardial infarction (TIMI) risk score and modified Gensini risk score. Researchers showed significant relations between TIMI with angiography scores in patients with UA/NSTEMI. We studied this relation in patients with STEMI. We studied CCU ...
Bollache Emilie - - 2010
Early detection of diastolic dysfunction is crucial for patients with incipient heart failure. Although this evaluation could be performed from phase-contrast (PC) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) data, its usefulness in clinical routine is not yet established, mainly because the interpretation of such data remains mostly based on manual post-processing. Accordingly, ...
Li Shao-Hua - - 2010
The left ventricular synchronicity in hypertensive patients with overweight or obesity has not been well elucidated. This study was designed to evaluate the left ventricular synchronicity in these patients. Tissue Doppler imaging was performed in 126 hypertensive patients and 25 control subjects. The hypertensive patients were divided into three groups ...
Biagini Elena - - 2009
The Doppler echocardiographic pattern of restrictive left ventricular (LV) filling has proved to be an important predictor of clinical course and prognosis in dilated cardiomyopathy. However, the relation between restrictive filling pattern and clinical course has not been systematically investigated in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). We assessed the prognostic implications of ...
Goldberg Ythan H - - 2010
AIMS: Pulsed Doppler measurement of left atrial appendage (LAA) emptying velocity, a marker of left atrium contractile function, has been shown to predict success of cardioversion, thrombo-embolic risk, and maintenance of sinus rhythm after cardioversion and pulmonary vein isolation. However, in the published literature, emptying velocity measurement location is not ...
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