Search Results
Results 751 - 800 of 2317
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Karamitsos Theodoros D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate left ventricular diastolic function and its relation to aortic wall stiffness in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus without coronary artery disease or hypertension. PATIENTS: Sixty-six patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus were examined by echocardiography and divided into two groups ...
Zengin Kadriye - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between endogen sex hormone levels and myocardial performance in two different phases of menstrual cycle. BACKGROUND: The relationships between cardiac performance and sex hormone levels in menstrual cycle have not yet been clearly identified. METHODS: Twenty-seven women at the ...
Selamet Tierney E S - - 2007
Systolic ventricular function has been demonstrated to remain unchanged following bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BCPA). The effects of BCPA on diastolic ventricular performance have not been critically assessed. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in diastolic ventricular function indices early after BCPA. Nineteen patients were enrolled prospectively. ...
Tavil Yusuf - - 2008
Vascular involvement is one of the major characteristics of Behcet's disease (BD). However, there are controversial findings regarding cardiac involvement in BD. Although early reports demonstrated that there is diastolic dysfunction in BD, conflicting results were found in the following trials. Hence, a new method for more objectively estimating the ...
Nakae Ichiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We examined the cardiac function of patients who underwent Tc-99m sestamibi quantitative gated myocardial single photon emission computed tomography with 16-framing data acquisition between January 1, 2004 and March 31, 2006 for an evaluation of suspected or known heart disease in our hospital. METHODS: In 192 patients aged >or=40 ...
Hoit Brian D - - 2007
Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality resulting from congestive heart failure are major concerns for the critical care physician. Although heart failure is commonly associated with impaired systolic function, in up to one half of cases, heart failure occurs exclusively on the basis of an impairment of diastolic function. Diastole is the ...
Krishnamoorthy Vijay K - - 2007
This review concisely presents the chronology of events that shaped the development of echocardiography. The concept of "seeing" structures using "sound" dates back to the 1920s, when ultrasound produced by piezoelectric crystals was used to detect flaws in metals. In the early 1950s, Hertz and Edler described the use of ...
Burns Andrew T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to study the independent effect of heart rate (HR) on parameters of diastolic function, particularly mitral annular velocities measured by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), an effect which is not well understood. METHODS: Sixteen patients with dual chamber pacemakers attending for routine pacemaker review underwent detailed echocardiographic ...
Caliskan Mustafa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases have an increased risk of developing atherosclerosis. However, the question of whether patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) are at risk of atherosclerosis and related diseases remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to use transthoracic Doppler echocardiography to investigate coronary flow reserve (CFR) and left ...
Sevimli Serdar - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was planned to assess strain and strain rate properties of right ventricle in patients with RV myocardial infarction. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Thirty patients with acute inferior myocardial infarction were included in this study. The presence of right ventricular infarction in association with an inferior myocardial infarction was ...
Mahía Patricia - - 2007
The objectives of this work are to evaluate a novel non-Doppler-based echocardiographic method that makes it possible to simultaneously obtain the radial and longitudinal components of myocardial velocity (V) and strain (S), and to assess whether left ventricular fiber architecture affects the net function of the myocardium. Previous reports state ...
Tavil Yusuf - - 2008
In the contrary to other rheumatologic disorders, there have been limited numbers of studies investigating the cardiac involvement in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), although the disease may carry a potential for cardiovascular disorders because of sustained inflammation during its course. In the present study, we used high usefulness ...
Lam Carolyn S P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the tissue Doppler characteristics and clinical significance of mitral annular motion during diastasis (L' wave). METHODS: In consecutive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy and normal ejection fraction, standard Doppler and Doppler tissue imaging were performed. Patients were followed up for heart failure (HF) hospitalization. RESULTS: ...
Arnold Raoul - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial dysfunction due to coronary arterial lesions is an important complication after Kawasaki syndrome in childhood. Tissue Doppler echocardiography, and strain rate imaging, have shown their value in detecting regional myocardial dysfunction in coronary arterial disease. We aimed to examine the diagnostic value of these methods in patients with ...
Aburawi Elhadi H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation has been suggested to underlie in part the elevated risk of arrhythmias and myocardial dysfunction during the first weeks after cardiac surgery. Recent transthoracic Doppler studies from our centre indicated increased basal coronary arterial flow in children 5 days after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. In these children, we ...
Talini Enrica - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypercholesterolemia contributes to coronary heart disease but little is known about its direct effect on myocardial function. We evaluated left ventricular function using echocardiography and the effect of treatment with rosuvastatin in a group of patients with primary hypercholesterolemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-three patients with primary hypercholesterolemia (HC) and ...
You Xiang-dong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) has provided an objective means to quantify global and regional left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) function with improved accuracy and greater reproducibility than conventional echocardiography. This study was conducted to assess RV myocardial systolic activation by TDI in subjects with pulmonary arterial hypertension ...
Ganame Javier - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of chronic anthracycline cardiotoxicity leading to heart failure and even death is a major concern in the treatment of childhood malignancies. Currently, most treatment protocols use reduced anthracycline doses compared with historical exposure. The long-term effect of these reduced doses on myocardial function has not been well ...
Chetboul Valérie - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) or strain (St) imaging could provide sensitive indices for early detection and treatment follow-up of canine dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Analysis of TDI and St features in dogs with overt DCM is a prerequisite before using these new criteria in prospective screenings of predisposed families or ...
Biondi Bernadette - - 2007
The cardiovascular risk is increased in patients with overt hypothyroidism, and several potential cardiovascular risk factors were similarly reported in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism. Only recently have more data become available about the effects of mild hypothyroidism on the cardiovascular system. An impaired left ventricular diastolic function, which is characterized ...
Osranek Martin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that diastolic dysfunction associated with increased filling pressures is unlikely in a structurally normal heart and to assess whether 2-dimensional echocardiography can facilitate diastolic function grading in a clinical setting. METHODS: Consecutive patients referred for transthoracic echocardiography received a ...
Radulescu D - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the left ventricular performance in female patients with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy (CT) and either left or right thoracic irradiation (RT), using Doppler echocardiography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-four patients with cancer of the left breast treated with surgical resection, adjuvant EC CT (epirubicin and ...
Szwast A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In the fetus with a structurally normal heart, two conditions--giant chest mass, such as congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM), and twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS)--alter ventricular loading conditions and may result in cardiovascular compromise. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of cardiovascular dysfunction by comparing geometry-independent, ...
Couture Pierre - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of milrinone on diastolic function during coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). METHODS: Fifty patients undergoing CABG were randomized to receive a bolus and infusion of milrinone or placebo before cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) until skin closure. Hemodynamic and transesophageal echocardiographic measurements of systolic and diastolic ...
Di Bello V - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to analyze heart function in subclinical hyperthyroidism (sHT) in otherwise healthy subjects by new methods using intramyocardial ultrasonic techniques. Twenty-four newly diagnosed and untreated sHT patients (20 women, 4 men; mean age: 42+/-4 yr) and 24 sex- and age-matched healthy volunteers were studied. ...
Tian Jia-Wei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate regional myocardial dyssynchronicity and velocity of the left ventricle in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: Tissue synchronization imaging analysis of the time to peak velocity (Tp) and peak velocity (Vp) of left ventricular longitudinal myocardial segments was performed for 60 ...
Tufekcioglu Omac - - 2008
AIM: Our objective was to evaluate regional systolic myocardial contraction properties along the long and short axes of the left ventricle (LV) in patients with isolated LV non-compaction (IVNC). METHODS AND RESULTS: Pulsed tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) was used to record myocardial velocities along these axes in 25 patients with ...
Bellavia Diego - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We examined the potential role of Doppler myocardial imaging including tissue velocity imaging, strain imaging, and strain rate imaging for detection of left ventricular systolic dysfunction in cardiac amyloidosis (CA) and determined the minimum dataset required to make the diagnosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Doppler myocardial imaging was performed in ...
Rathe Mathias - - 2007
BACKGROUND: At present about 80% of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) will be cured following treatment with multi-drug chemotherapy. A major concern for this growing number of survivors is the risk of late effects of treatment. The aim of this study was to determine whether signs of cardiomyopathy were ...
Bruch Christian - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Transmitral flow patterns derived from Doppler echocardiography carry prognostic information in patients with chronic heart failure and systolic dysfunction. In such patients, chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as a reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) is frequent, but its prognostic impact relative to that ...
Wang Jianwen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Assessment of right ventricular (RV) function by echocardiography is challenging. Newer techniques such as tissue Doppler echocardiography and strain echocardiography may allow accurate and quantitative assessment of RV function. We sought to determine which echocardiographic variable or variables best correlated with RV ejection fraction (RVEF) by cardiac magnetic resonance. ...
Ozdogru Ibrahim - - 2007
Cardiac parameters in growth hormone (GH) deficiency and the effects of GH replacement treatment (GHRT) are still controversial. We investigated 19 adult patients (mean age: 45 +/- 10 years, 7 male), with GH deficiency before and after 12 months of GHRT. Twenty age- and sex-matched healthy individuals (mean age: 44 ...
Choi Eui-Young - - 2007
Although normal or exaggerated early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E') provides an excellent specificity for differentiating constrictive pericarditis (CP) from restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM), its sensitivity has been shown to be lower, especially in patients with CP who had underlying myocardial abnormality. This study sought to evaluate the incremental value of ...
Krieg A - - 2007
Anabolic steroids cause a variety of side effects, among them a slight concentric left ventricular hypertrophy. The objective of the present study was to clarify if they also induce alterations in left ventricular function. 14 male body builders with substantial intake of anabolic steroids (users) were examined by standard echocardiography ...
Andersen Niels Holmark - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the effect of acute coronary thrombectomy, as adjunctive treatment to primary percutaneous coronary intervention, on the systolic and diastolic left ventricular function, in patients with acute S-T elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS: In a prospective randomized study, patients with acute S-T elevation myocardial infarction were randomized ...
Zilberman Mark V - - 2007
Although cardiac involvement is common in adult sickle cell disease (SCD) patients, it is unknown when cardiac dysfunction appears in the course of SCD. Diastolic function has not been comprehensively analyzed in children with SCD. Thus, our aim was to evaluate diastolic function in pediatric SCD patients. Echocardiograms were performed ...
Osório Altamiro Filho Ferraz - - 2007
We sought to compare the feasibility and accuracy of myocardial blood flow reserve (MBFR) measured by quantitative real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography with those of coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) obtained by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography for detecting left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) stenosis. We studied 71 patients who underwent adenosine ...
Hirata Kumiko - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Accelerated atherosclerosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Altered coronary microvascular function may act as a marker of changes that predispose to the development of significant coronary vascular disease. The purpose of this study was to compare coronary flow reserve ...
Lee Kwan S - - 2007
Echocardiography is currently the primary clinical method for the noninvasive measurement of right heart hemodynamic parameters and is an indispensable tool for the initial assessment, diagnosis, longitudinal follow-up, and prognostication of patients with abnormal right heart function. This review will discuss the echocardiographic methods used to estimate right heart hemodynamic ...
Jurkevicius Renaldas - - 2007
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is an important cause of heart failure in hypertensive heart disease. The aim of this study is to establish the effects of beta blockers on LV diastolic function and long axis motion in patients with arterial hypertension. METHODS: Sixty patients (aged 55 +/- 8 y) ...
Birdane Alparslan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported that cardiovascular involvement in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) occurs frequently. Although ventricular functions of RA have been investigated through the standard Doppler in RA, they have yet to be investigated thoroughly by means of the relatively new and advantageous tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). The present study ...
Grapsa Ioulia - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Right ventricular function is a determinant of prognosis and survival in patients with pulmonary hypertension. The pulmonary hypertensive right ventricle has a complex shape. Transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiography is the primary examination for demonstrating right ventricular impairment. Nowadays, many indices have been linked with pulmonary hypertension. The myocardial performance index ...
Wierzbowska-Drabik Karina - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We assessed the changes of mitral inflow during Valsalva maneuver (VM) in patients with different stages of left ventricular dysfunction and evaluated their value for the differentiation between normal and pseudonormal filling pattern. METHODS: A total of 190 patients (120 with coronary artery disease, and 70 healthy subjects) were ...
Dolzhenko Maryna N - - 2007
To evaluate left ventricle (LV) diastolic function dynamics in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after combined operation of coronary artery bypass graft with LV aneurismectomy (CABG + AE) according to the results of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Forty patients after AMI underwent Doppler echocardiography (EchoCG) with TDI and M-mode ...
Yu Cheuk-Man - - 2007
Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is evolving as a useful echocardiographic tool for quantitative assessment of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function. Recent studies have explored the prognostic role of TDI-derived parameters in major cardiac diseases, such as heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, and hypertension. In these conditions, myocardial mitral ...
Claessens Tom E - - 2007
A number of promising and highly technological echocardiographic imaging tools have recently been introduced to assess left ventricular diastolic function (i.e., the capacity of the ventricle to relax and fill). They permit quantification of distinct features of intraventricular blood flow velocity and pressure fields and myocardial tissue velocities. However, accurate ...
Tümüklü Mustafa Murat - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Long-term regular exercise is associated with physiologic and morphologic cardiac alterations. Tissue Doppler Imaging(TDI) and Strain Myocardial Imaging(SI) are new tools in the evaluation systolic and diastolic myocardial function. We sought to compare TDI and SI findings in professional football players and age adjusted sedentary controls to assess the ...
KaczyƄska Anna - - 2008
Right ventricular (RV) overload and hypoxia in acute pulmonary embolism (APE) may lead to RV myocardium injury reflected by elevated cardiac troponin levels. We studied 26 patients aged 57.2+/-17.8 years with first episode of APE. On admission troponin T (TnT) was measured. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed after 6 months of ...
Suzuki Naoki - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Perfusion-metabolism mismatch in the subacute phase using thallium-201/radio iodinated beta-methyl-p-iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid (T1/BMIPP) dual scintigraphy is an indicator of viable myocardium in acute myocardial infarction. This study investigated early prediction of myocardial salvage from the T1/BMIPP mismatch and coronary flow velocity (CFV) patterns in patients with acute myocardial infarction. ...
Shingu Yasushige - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In chronic aortic dissection, compression of the true lumen by the expanded false lumen may be a cause of left ventricular afterload elevation, which may result in diastolic dysfunction. We compared the left ventricular diastolic function by echocardiography between those patients who had double-barrel descending aortic dissection and those ...
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