Search Results
Results 751 - 800 of 2339
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Moladoust H - - 2008
Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) has been suggested for quantitative analysis of regional myocardial function. Myocardial movement included different mechanical phases with different duration and tissue velocity profiles need to high sampling rate in the acquisition of tissue velocity imaging for phases with shorter duration. The aim of this study is ...
Choi Eui-Young - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to define the phenotypic spectrum of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (ApHCM) and clinical characteristics pertaining to identified subtypes. METHODS: In 182 consecutive ApHCM patients (58.9 +/- 11.2 years; 142 men) with left ventricular ejection fraction > or =50%, we measured end-diastolic wall thickness of ...
Chintala K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary venous Doppler (PVD) patterns are abnormal in fetuses with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) with restricted foramen ovale (rFO) when compared with healthy fetuses. The objective of this study was to define PVD patterns in HLHS fetuses with an unrestricted or patent foramen ovale (pFO). DESIGN: 27 fetuses ...
Tayyareci Yelda - - 2008
AIM: The aim of the study was to determine if the tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)-derived myocardial acceleration during isovolumic contraction (IVA) of tricuspid lateral annulus could be used in early detection of RV systolic dysfunction in patients with mitral stenosis (MS), before the clinical signs of systemic venous congestion occur. ...
Mandysová Eva - - 2008
AIMS: To assess the reproducibility of tissue Doppler myocardial velocities in patients with dilated ventricles and markedly reduced systolic function (ejection fraction <35%). METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-one patients referred for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) were evaluated using tissue Doppler echocardiography. The inter and intra-individual reproducibility of peak systolic myocardial velocities ...
Yamamoto Akira - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The relationships among regional diastolic impairment, the elongation of global time to peak filling rate (g-TPF), and global diastolic function were examined by a novel program using electrocardiography-gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) (GMPS) in heart failure (HF). METHODS: Fifteen control subjects and 70 HF patients, New ...
Sevimli Serdar - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of transesophageal tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) in evaluation of the left ventricular functions. To this end, the data obtained by transoesophageal tissue Doppler echocardiography and by transthoracic tissue Doppler echocardiography were compared simultaneously. METHODS: Nineteen consecutive patients (7 female and 12 male) ...
Coulon Paul - - 2007
PURPOSE: Using a videodensitometric technique developed in our center we investigated whether the amplitude of variation of gray levels in the interventricular septum was related to functional parameters, especially ventricular filling as studied by doppler tissue imaging (DTI) in hypertensive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 35 hypertensive patients from ...
Allanore Y - - 2007
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease characterised by diffuse vascular lesions and fibrosis. Primary myocardial involvement is common in SSc and, when clinically evident, appears as a poor prognostic factor. An increasing body of evidence suggests that myocardial involvement is due, at least in part, to microcirculation impairment ...
Singh Narinder P - - 2007
Cardiovascular events are the principal cause of mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), a common complication of CKD, contributes to cardiac dysfunction. This study is an attempt to demonstrate the effects of parathyroid hormone suppression with oral calcitriol on cardiovascular hemodynamics. Twenty predialysis CKD patients ...
Telagh Ragiab - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study applied tissue Doppler imaging and color tissue Doppler imaging to study atrial function changes in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The profile of the segmental atrial velocities and the strain rate were determined and compared with those of normal matched control subjects. METHODS: This study investigated 20 ...
Di Bello Vitantonio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to investigate the effect of weight loss on structural and functional myocardial alterations in severely obese subjects treated with bariatric surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirteen severely obese patients (2 males and 11 females) were enrolled in the study. All subjects underwent conventional 2D color ...
Cayli Murat - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Thromboembolism is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in mitral stenosis (MS), even in sinus rhythm (SR). Spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) is the strongest predictor of thromboembolism. The aim of the study was to investigate if the annular velocities obtained with tissue Doppler imaging can predict the presence ...
Witt Nils - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function, using Doppler tissue imaging (DTI), in patients with complete recovery of visual wall motion abnormalities six months after a first ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: Out of 90 patients presenting with a STEMI, 68 ...
Topaloglu Serkan - - 2007
This study was sought to examine the effects of repetitive monomorphic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) on left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. Thirty-three symptomatic patients (Study group, 10 males, mean age 40 +/- 8 years) with normal LV systolic function and repetitive PVCs originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT-PVCs) ...
Sikdar Siddhartha - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A diastolic coronary flow murmur has been reported for patients with coronary stenoses, yet is rarely appreciated during routine auscultation. We hypothesized that an ultrasonic Doppler method can detect the epicardial vibrations associated with this murmur. Ultrasonic Doppler vibrometry is a pulsed wave echocardiography phase demodulation technique designed for ...
Homsi Mohamed - - 2007
We report four cases of patients with documented constrictive pericarditis who had evidence of reduced right ventricular (RV) systolic function. Assessment of RV systolic function was performed by pulsed tissue Doppler sampling of basal RV free wall velocity at the level of the tricuspid annulus in the four-chamber view. Velocity ...
Hart Emma - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying alterations in left ventricular diastolic function after a marathon are unknown and may be a consequence of a reduced preload. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the effect of preload augmentation through passive leg elevation (PLE) on echocardiographic indices of diastolic function after a marathon. METHODS: Fourteen ...
Cicala S - - 2008
The goal of this study was to demonstrate that Doppler transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) may represent a valuable tool for the noninvasive demonstration of coronary microvascular dysfunction in children with previous Kawasaki disease (KD) by the measurement of coronary flow reserve (CFR) during cold pressor test (CPT). Twenty-five children with previous ...
Kasikcioglu Erdem - - 2008
Although it is well known that chronic effect of smoking on cardiovascular system, relation between coronary vascular reactivity and ventricular functions after acute smoking has not been well understood. The purpose of this study was to assess the relation between coronary flow velocity reserve and ventricular diastolic functions measured by ...
van der Meer Rutger W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes and obesity are associated with increased plasma nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) levels, myocardial triglyceride accumulation, and myocardial dysfunction. Because a very low-calorie diet (VLCD) also increases plasma NEFA levels, we studied the effect of a VLCD on myocardial triglyceride content and cardiac function in healthy subjects. RESEARCH DESIGN ...
Ballo Piercarlo - - 2008
We report the case of a 51-year old man with symptoms of heart failure due to severe cardiac amyloidosis, in whom treatment with melphalan and dexamethasone yielded significant improvement in clinical status and both systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) function over a 12-week follow-up. The improvement in LV performance ...
Karamitsos Theodoros D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate left ventricular diastolic function and its relation to aortic wall stiffness in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus without coronary artery disease or hypertension. PATIENTS: Sixty-six patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus were examined by echocardiography and divided into two groups ...
Zengin Kadriye - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between endogen sex hormone levels and myocardial performance in two different phases of menstrual cycle. BACKGROUND: The relationships between cardiac performance and sex hormone levels in menstrual cycle have not yet been clearly identified. METHODS: Twenty-seven women at the ...
Selamet Tierney E S - - 2007
Systolic ventricular function has been demonstrated to remain unchanged following bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BCPA). The effects of BCPA on diastolic ventricular performance have not been critically assessed. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in diastolic ventricular function indices early after BCPA. Nineteen patients were enrolled prospectively. ...
Tavil Yusuf - - 2008
Vascular involvement is one of the major characteristics of Behcet's disease (BD). However, there are controversial findings regarding cardiac involvement in BD. Although early reports demonstrated that there is diastolic dysfunction in BD, conflicting results were found in the following trials. Hence, a new method for more objectively estimating the ...
Nakae Ichiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We examined the cardiac function of patients who underwent Tc-99m sestamibi quantitative gated myocardial single photon emission computed tomography with 16-framing data acquisition between January 1, 2004 and March 31, 2006 for an evaluation of suspected or known heart disease in our hospital. METHODS: In 192 patients aged >or=40 ...
Hoit Brian D - - 2007
Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality resulting from congestive heart failure are major concerns for the critical care physician. Although heart failure is commonly associated with impaired systolic function, in up to one half of cases, heart failure occurs exclusively on the basis of an impairment of diastolic function. Diastole is the ...
Krishnamoorthy Vijay K - - 2007
This review concisely presents the chronology of events that shaped the development of echocardiography. The concept of "seeing" structures using "sound" dates back to the 1920s, when ultrasound produced by piezoelectric crystals was used to detect flaws in metals. In the early 1950s, Hertz and Edler described the use of ...
Burns Andrew T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to study the independent effect of heart rate (HR) on parameters of diastolic function, particularly mitral annular velocities measured by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), an effect which is not well understood. METHODS: Sixteen patients with dual chamber pacemakers attending for routine pacemaker review underwent detailed echocardiographic ...
Caliskan Mustafa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases have an increased risk of developing atherosclerosis. However, the question of whether patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) are at risk of atherosclerosis and related diseases remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to use transthoracic Doppler echocardiography to investigate coronary flow reserve (CFR) and left ...
Sevimli Serdar - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was planned to assess strain and strain rate properties of right ventricle in patients with RV myocardial infarction. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Thirty patients with acute inferior myocardial infarction were included in this study. The presence of right ventricular infarction in association with an inferior myocardial infarction was ...
Mahía Patricia - - 2007
The objectives of this work are to evaluate a novel non-Doppler-based echocardiographic method that makes it possible to simultaneously obtain the radial and longitudinal components of myocardial velocity (V) and strain (S), and to assess whether left ventricular fiber architecture affects the net function of the myocardium. Previous reports state ...
Tavil Yusuf - - 2008
In the contrary to other rheumatologic disorders, there have been limited numbers of studies investigating the cardiac involvement in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), although the disease may carry a potential for cardiovascular disorders because of sustained inflammation during its course. In the present study, we used high usefulness ...
Lam Carolyn S P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the tissue Doppler characteristics and clinical significance of mitral annular motion during diastasis (L' wave). METHODS: In consecutive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy and normal ejection fraction, standard Doppler and Doppler tissue imaging were performed. Patients were followed up for heart failure (HF) hospitalization. RESULTS: ...
Arnold Raoul - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial dysfunction due to coronary arterial lesions is an important complication after Kawasaki syndrome in childhood. Tissue Doppler echocardiography, and strain rate imaging, have shown their value in detecting regional myocardial dysfunction in coronary arterial disease. We aimed to examine the diagnostic value of these methods in patients with ...
Aburawi Elhadi H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation has been suggested to underlie in part the elevated risk of arrhythmias and myocardial dysfunction during the first weeks after cardiac surgery. Recent transthoracic Doppler studies from our centre indicated increased basal coronary arterial flow in children 5 days after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. In these children, we ...
Talini Enrica - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypercholesterolemia contributes to coronary heart disease but little is known about its direct effect on myocardial function. We evaluated left ventricular function using echocardiography and the effect of treatment with rosuvastatin in a group of patients with primary hypercholesterolemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-three patients with primary hypercholesterolemia (HC) and ...
You Xiang-dong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) has provided an objective means to quantify global and regional left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) function with improved accuracy and greater reproducibility than conventional echocardiography. This study was conducted to assess RV myocardial systolic activation by TDI in subjects with pulmonary arterial hypertension ...
Ganame Javier - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of chronic anthracycline cardiotoxicity leading to heart failure and even death is a major concern in the treatment of childhood malignancies. Currently, most treatment protocols use reduced anthracycline doses compared with historical exposure. The long-term effect of these reduced doses on myocardial function has not been well ...
Chetboul Valérie - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) or strain (St) imaging could provide sensitive indices for early detection and treatment follow-up of canine dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Analysis of TDI and St features in dogs with overt DCM is a prerequisite before using these new criteria in prospective screenings of predisposed families or ...
Biondi Bernadette - - 2007
The cardiovascular risk is increased in patients with overt hypothyroidism, and several potential cardiovascular risk factors were similarly reported in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism. Only recently have more data become available about the effects of mild hypothyroidism on the cardiovascular system. An impaired left ventricular diastolic function, which is characterized ...
Osranek Martin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that diastolic dysfunction associated with increased filling pressures is unlikely in a structurally normal heart and to assess whether 2-dimensional echocardiography can facilitate diastolic function grading in a clinical setting. METHODS: Consecutive patients referred for transthoracic echocardiography received a ...
Radulescu D - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the left ventricular performance in female patients with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy (CT) and either left or right thoracic irradiation (RT), using Doppler echocardiography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-four patients with cancer of the left breast treated with surgical resection, adjuvant EC CT (epirubicin and ...
Szwast A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In the fetus with a structurally normal heart, two conditions--giant chest mass, such as congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM), and twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS)--alter ventricular loading conditions and may result in cardiovascular compromise. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of cardiovascular dysfunction by comparing geometry-independent, ...
Couture Pierre - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of milrinone on diastolic function during coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). METHODS: Fifty patients undergoing CABG were randomized to receive a bolus and infusion of milrinone or placebo before cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) until skin closure. Hemodynamic and transesophageal echocardiographic measurements of systolic and diastolic ...
Di Bello V - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to analyze heart function in subclinical hyperthyroidism (sHT) in otherwise healthy subjects by new methods using intramyocardial ultrasonic techniques. Twenty-four newly diagnosed and untreated sHT patients (20 women, 4 men; mean age: 42+/-4 yr) and 24 sex- and age-matched healthy volunteers were studied. ...
Tian Jia-Wei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate regional myocardial dyssynchronicity and velocity of the left ventricle in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: Tissue synchronization imaging analysis of the time to peak velocity (Tp) and peak velocity (Vp) of left ventricular longitudinal myocardial segments was performed for 60 ...
Tufekcioglu Omac - - 2008
AIM: Our objective was to evaluate regional systolic myocardial contraction properties along the long and short axes of the left ventricle (LV) in patients with isolated LV non-compaction (IVNC). METHODS AND RESULTS: Pulsed tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) was used to record myocardial velocities along these axes in 25 patients with ...
Bellavia Diego - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We examined the potential role of Doppler myocardial imaging including tissue velocity imaging, strain imaging, and strain rate imaging for detection of left ventricular systolic dysfunction in cardiac amyloidosis (CA) and determined the minimum dataset required to make the diagnosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Doppler myocardial imaging was performed in ...
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