Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2330
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Sallach John A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between right atrial volume index (RAVI) and right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic function, as well as long-term prognosis in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: RV dysfunction is associated with poor prognosis in patients with HF, ...
Dandel Michael - - 2009
Echocardiographic strain and strain-rate imaging (deformation imaging) is a new non-invasive method for assessment of myocardial function. Due to its ability to differentiate between active and passive movement of myocardial segments, to quantify intraventricular dyssynchrony and to evaluate components of myocardial function, such as longitudinal myocardial shortening, that are not ...
Adamu Umar G - - 2009
It is not known whether abnormalities of left ventricular diastolic function are influenced by the various cardiac geometric patterns in Nigerians with newly diagnosed systemic hypertension. To evaluate the relationship between the parameters of left ventricular diastolic function and the geometric patterns in this group of patients. Two-dimensional, guided M-mode ...
Koteda Yusuke - - 2009
To determine the acute change in cardiac performance after intravenous immunoglobulin infusion (IVIG) in patients with acute Kawasaki disease (KD). Subjects were 33 patients with KD who were treated with IVIG 2 g/kg and recovered without coronary artery lesion and 27 controls. Subjects underwent combined two-dimensional, Doppler, and tissue Doppler ...
Carluccio Erberto - - 2009
AIMS: In patients with ischaemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and viable myocardium, revascularization improves systolic function. Diastolic dysfunction is also present in such patients; however, whether revascularization improves diastolic function also is largely unknown. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with chronic ischaemic cardiomyopathy [ejection fraction (EF) 32 +/- 6%, wall motion score ...
Choi Eui-Young - - 2009
Despite the prognostic importance of ventricular filling and ventricular-arterial interaction in patients with advanced systolic heart failure, the structural determinants of these parameters have not been fully studied. We aimed to investigate whether patterns of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance affect ventricular elastic properties or performance in ...
Pavlopoulos Harry - - 2009
AIMS: Diastolic dysfunction (DD) identifies patients with increased cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to investigate the regional distribution of abnormal segmental relaxation in hypertensives with normal global DD and to demonstrate the incremental value of strain echocardiography over annular diastolic velocities and global indices of DD derived ...
Zhang Yu-Qi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to improve the diagnosis of congenital heart disease in conjoined twins using echocardiography. METHODS: Six sets of conjoined twins at Shanghai Children's Medical Center and Xin-Hua Hospital from 1980 to 2006 were assessed retrospectively. Cardiac anomalies of varying degrees of severity were first ...
Wei Yi - - 2009
The aim of the study was to evaluate the left ventricular systolic function of newborns with asphyxia using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Newborns with a history of asphyxia were divided into severe and mild groups based on their Apgar scores; normal newborns without asphyxia served as the controls. Left ventricular ...
Meluzin Jaroslav - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC), myocardial deformational parameters and their mutual relationships remain incompletely characterized. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with IDC underwent two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) to assess left ventricular rotation, torsion, and longitudinal, circumferential, and radial systolic and diastolic strains and strain rates. Additionally, 2D-STE was performed in 14 ...
Seo Yoshihiro - - 2009
Septal and lateral wall myocardial velocity-time curves from tissue Doppler imaging were analyzed to determine wall motion from which the velocity originated in 34 patients with left bundle branch and systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction < 45%). Longitudinal strain rate by speckle tracking imaging was assessed to identify whether corresponding wall ...
Sandvei Marie Søfteland - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Previous reports suggest that left myocardial ventricular function changes during the course of a subarachnoid haemorrhage. The aim of this study was to evaluate left myocardial ventricular function with tissue Doppler echocardiography at two time points during the acute phase of a subarachnoid haemorrhage. DESIGN: Eighteen consecutive patients (median ...
Bauer Fabrice - - 2009
The long-term effects of surgical treatment for aortic narrowing in left ventricular (LV) remodelling have been well described. The immediate benefit after release of obstruction is unknown. Nineteen patients with significant and symptomatic aortic stenosis underwent transcutaneous implantation of an aortic valve. A conventional and tissue Doppler echocardiography was performed ...
Moura Cláudia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE-To report reference values and examine the agreement in the myocardial performance (Tei) index of the left ventricle (LVTI) as measured by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), pulsed-wave Doppler imaging (PWD), and M-mode echocardiography in clinically normal rabbits. ANIMALS-26 clinically normal male New Zealand White rabbits. PROCEDURES-Echocardiographic examinations that included TDI, ...
Drelicharz Ɓukasz - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The impairment of cardiac diastolic function is essential for the development and progression of heart failure, regardless of the systolic performance of the heart. Novel methods of diagnosis of diastolic dysfunction in experimental animals are needed in order to validate the effectiveness of novel heart failure treatment. AIM: The ...
Pätilä Tommi - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of myoblast transplantation on left ventricular function, perfusion, and scar formation after compromised coronary flow. DESIGN: A coronary vessel with Ameroid-induced stenosis was ligated and skeletal muscle was biopsied for isolation and cultivation of myoblasts. Two weeks after ligation, ...
Sade Leyla Elif - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether systolic right ventricular (RV) function and myocardial performance index (MPI) studied with a multisegmental approach improve the accuracy of RV function estimation based on tricuspid lateral annulus. METHODS: Systolic and isovolumic contraction velocities, isovolumic acceleration, regional MPI from the tricuspid lateral and septal annulus, and basal ...
Li Shao-Hua - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the left ventricular (LV) diastolic and systolic synchronicity in patients with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Tissue Doppler echocardiography was performed in 235 individuals (135 with metabolic syndrome and 100 controls). Diastolic and systolic synchronicity was determined by measuring the SD of time to peak myocardial early diastolic relaxation ...
Lim Young Hyo - - 2009
The structural significance of the inappropriateness of left ventricular mass (iLVM) is known to be an important prognostic factor for cardiovascular events; however, the functional changes associated with iLVM have not been established. This study was performed to determine if diastolic dysfunction is associated with iLVM using a tissue Doppler ...
From Aaron M AM Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2009
Several studies have demonstrated evidence for preclinical left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) independent of coronary disease or hypertension. The objectives of our study were to determine if LV diastolic dysfunction determined by tissue Doppler indexes worsens with duration of DM and to quantify severity ...
Watanabe Sayaka - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Clinically useful indices of fetal cardiac function have not been fully delineated for tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present study, 56 pregnancies between the 17(th) and 38(th) weeks of gestation included 38 normal fetuses, 6 cases of hydrops fetalis (HF), and 12 of intrauterine growth ...
Blauwet Lori A - - 2009
Normal Doppler-derived echocardiographic data for Carpentier-Edwards Duraflex (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA) porcine bioprosthesis function in the mitral position are limited to 2 small series that did not include all Doppler-derived variables. The purpose of this study was to provide a comprehensive Doppler echocardiographic assessment of normal Carpentier-Edwards Duraflex mitral bioprosthesis ...
Celic Vera P - - 2009
PURPOSE: Velocity propagation (Vp) of early diastole is a known method for the evaluation of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. Our purpose was to determine whether Vp is a valuable tool to characterize patients after acute myocardial infarction and LV remodelling (LVR). METHODS: M-mode, two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography were performed ...
Bayram N A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To verify whether tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) could contribute to a better understanding of the natural history of cardiomyopathy in active Cushing's disease (CD), through its enhanced sensitivity to diastolic dysfunction, and identifying preliminary regional signs of systolic dysfunction before the appearance of clinical symptoms of cardiac pathologies. METHODS: ...
Mogelvang Rasmus - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is a major public health problem. To improve its grave prognosis, early identification of cardiac dysfunction is mandatory. Conventional echocardiography is not suitable for this. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), however, could be so. METHODS AND RESULTS: Within a large community-based population-study (n = 1012), cardiac function was ...
Chao Guihua - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Premature death and still births are common in Hb Bart's foetal edema which carries significant risk to mothers. We aimed to identify early changes in cardiac structure and function in a cohort of HB Bart's foetuses, using Doppler echocardiography. METHODS: We studied 97 HB Bart's foetuses in different gestation ...
Fazio G - - 2009
AIM: Heart failure with normal left ventricle (LV) ejection fraction is commonly understood as diastolic heart failure because this expression implies the presence of LV diastolic dysfunction diagnosed by specific echocardiographic findings, such as slow LV relaxation and increased LV stiffness. In this work the authors propose a new parameter ...
Masugata Hisashi - - 2009
It has been reported that left ventricular (LV) diastolic functional parameters assessed by conventional Doppler echocardiography, which measures blood flow velocities in cardiac cavity, correlate with arterial stiffness assessed by the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and are markers for increased risk of cardiovascular events. Recently, tissue Doppler echocardiography, which measures ...
Blanchard Daniel G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the utility of tissue Doppler-derived right ventricular (RV) Tei (or myocardial performance) index in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) before and after pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) and assessed correlations with mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), and cardiac output (CO). BACKGROUND: The assessment ...
Guo Chun-Yan - - 2009
AIM: The aim of the study was to detect the echocardiographic sensitive indexes for prediction of the subclinical cardiac dysfunction and to evaluate the relation between Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and myocardial acoustic densitometry as well as cardiac function. METHODS: Fifty DM2 patients (48.5+/-8.6 years) without evident heart disease and 50 ...
Cianciulli Tomás F - - 2009
Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is generally used for the assessment of ventricular function, and to a lesser extent, to evaluate the left atrial appendage (LAA). In the present study, we used TDI to analyze the contractile function of the right atrial appendage (RAA). The aim of this study was a ...
Mogelvang Rasmus - - 2009
AIMS: To test the hypothesis that echocardiographic tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) reveals reduced myocardial function in hypertension, diabetes, and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in the general population. METHODS AND RESULTS: Within a large, community-based population study, cardiac function was evaluated in 1036 participants by both conventional echocardiography and colour TDI. ...
Orhan Ahmet L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the subclinical effects of isolated obesity and its duration on cardiac function by using routine echocardiography and tissue Doppler myocardial strain rate. METHODS: Forty-nine subjects were enrolled in this study; 29 with isolated obesity defined as a body mass index > or = 30 kg/m(2) with no ...
Kim Hyung-Kwan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Persistence of regional diastolic dysfunction after ischemic insult remains debatable. With speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), we sought to (1) prove the persistence of regional diastolic dysfunction, (2) assess the feasibility of applying persistent regional diastolic dysfunction to differentiating ischemic and nonischemic chest pain, and finally (3) examine statin effects ...
Cirillo Plinio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Several markers of systemic inflammation seem to play an active role in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndrome and its evolution. High mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1), a ubiquitous nuclear protein constitutively expressed in quiescent cells, was recently recognized as a newer critical mediator of inflammatory diseases. The present study ...
Akcay Ahmet - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance was an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality in uremic patients without diabetes. Rosiglitazone (ROS) improves insulin sensitivity in the liver, muscle, and adipose tissue. We prospectively investigated the effects of ROS on cardiac functions by standard (SDE) and tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDI) in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis ...
Wierzbowska-Drabik Karina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The interdependence between echocardiographic parameters of left ventricle function, severity of heart failure (HF) and exercise test duration has not been thoroughly examined. METHODS: We compared echocardiographic data in patients after myocardial infarction divided according to NYHA class to mild (class I and II, group 1 = 24 subjects) ...
Mahmud Azra - - 2009
To test the hypothesis that the cardiac structural and functional abnormalities of the metabolic syndrome (MS) are independent of body mass index (BMI), 160 untreated patients (aged 47+/-1 years [mean +/- SEM], 53% male) underwent 2-dimensional echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging and evaluation for MS. Participants with MS and controls ...
Lang Chim C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The cardiac output (CO) response to exercise and other invasively derived hemodynamic variables has been variably described to provide better prognostication than peak V(O(2)) in patients with chronic heart failure. Using noninvasive measurements of CO during exercise, we compared the prognostic value of peak CO and cardiac power to ...
Porciani Maria Cristina - - 2009
Using traditional echocardiography, the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is often only possible in advanced stage when recommended therapies may have adverse effects. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether additional information can be derived from Tissue and strain Doppler imaging (TDI and SDI). Forty patients with systemic ...
Hale Clifford S - - 2009
Much of the mortality and morbidity of left ventricula failure evolves from diastolic dysfunction, yet because diastolic dysfunction is in part defined by a normal ejection fraction, identifying this risk before the onset of overt heart failure requires understanding its causes, the echocardiographic measurements that define it, and how this ...
Heitner Stephen B - - 2009
Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction has traditionally been thought of as principally affecting systolic heart function. One of the primary reasons for this concept is that systolic dysfunction is relatively easy to conceptualize, visualize, and measure. With the advent of preload-independent measurements for diastolic function, both measurement and conceptual difficulties are being ...
Manouras Aristomenis - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler (TD) in pulsed mode (spectral TD) and colour TD are the two modalities today available in tissue velocity echocardiography (TVE). Previous studies have shown poor agreement between these two methods when measuring myocardial velocities and displacement. In this study, the concordance between the myocardial velocity and displacement ...
Api O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess cardiac function by means of the modified myocardial performance index (Mod-MPI) in fetuses of pre-eclamptic mothers without intrauterine growth restriction and to compare this with values from normal controls. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted including a total of 72 fetuses at between 26 and 40 weeks' ...
Tani Tomoko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The noninvasive measurement of coronary flow velocity in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) has recently been realized by using the transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE). A couple of investigations demonstrated that the diastolic-to-systolic peak velocity ratio (DSVR) by TTDE is a simple and noninvasive method for the detection of ...
Chrysohoou Christina - - 2009
We sought to evaluate the relationship between plasma cytokine levels (sCD14, tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-alpha, and interleukin [IL]-6) and tissue Doppler derived indices of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in patients with newly diagnosed heart failure. We enrolled 101 consecutive patients (mean age 65+/-13 years) with newly diagnosed heart ...
Park Seong-Mi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), it is clinically important to determine the viability of akinetic segments soon after acute reperfusion therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Doppler tissue imaging can predict myocardial viability in this clinical setting. METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive patients ...
Afonso Luis - - 2009
To assess regional systolic function and global contractile function in patients with WPW Syndrome. Eleven cases with manifest Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome in sinus rhythm were compared to 11 age matched controls. 2D strain analysis was performed and peak segmental radial strain (pRS) values obtained from basal ventricular parasternal short-axis images ...
Can Ilknur - - 2009
Systemic scleroderma is a disease that is characterized by excessive fibroblastic activity and collagen deposition in various organs, including the heart. We sought to evaluate the limits of biventricular function as derived noninvasively from pulsed-wave tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) of tricuspid and mitral annular motion in patients who had scleroderma.We ...
Artham Surya M - - 2009
Obesity prevalence has reached epidemic proportions and is independently associated with numerous cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cancers, sleep apnea, and other major CVDs. Obesity has significant negative impact on CVD, including hypertension, coronary heart disease, heart failure, and arrhythmias via its maladaptive effects on ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >