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Results 501 - 550 of 2317
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Caiani E G - - 2009
Parabolic flight (PF) elicits changes in hydrostatic pressure gradients, resulting in increase (at 0Gz) or decrease (at 1.8Gz) in cardiac preload. The magnitude of these changes on left ventricular (LV) and atrial (LA) volumes, as well as on myocardial velocities, strain and strain rates, is largely unknown. Using real-time 3D ...
Espinoza Andreas - - 2010
Detection of myocardial ischaemia during and after cardiac surgery remains a challenge. Echocardiography is more sensitive in ischaemia detection than echocardiography (ECG) and haemodynamic monitoring, but demands repeated examinations for monitoring over time. We have developed and validated an ultrasonic system that permits continuous real-time assessment of myocardial ischaemia using ...
Cölkesen Yücel - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of lung resection on cardiac functions by using tissue Doppler echocardiography. STUDY DESIGN: Nineteen consecutive patients (15 males, 4 females; mean age 55+/-8 years) undergoing major lung surgery (16 lobectomy, 3 pneumonectomy) were evaluated in a prospective design. Malignant ...
Fazel Poorya - - 2009
Tissue Doppler imaging was used to evaluate the physiological and morphological response in athletes whose cardiac system must not only adapt to intense cardiovascular demands but also support sudden, transient changes in cardiac output. A total of 45 professional hockey players with a mean age of 24 years underwent a ...
Larsen L U - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with cerebroplacental redistribution (CPR), fetal stress and poor outcome, all of which may be related to dysfunction of the fetal myocardium. The aim of this study was to specifically assess myocardial function in IUGR fetuses with CPR in comparison with normal fetuses using ...
Naujorks A A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Myocardial tissue Doppler (MTD) is a technique for the measurement of myocardial velocities in systole and diastole. This study evaluates the use of MTD in the assessment of cardiac diastolic function in fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) with placental insufficiency and in appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) fetuses with hypertensive ...
Futai Rie - - 2009
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are suggested to be protective against myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis, although such beneficial effects remain to be elucidated in the human heart. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of a novel ARB, olmesartan, on myocardial function of the left ventricle ...
Saccheri María C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) parameters of peak myocardial velocities (S', E', and A') has been employed to assess the regional left ventricular myocardial function. The global function index (GFI) derived from TDI has been recently employed to distinguish the different etiologies of left ventricular hypertrophy. Objective: To analyze whether ...
Olsen Niels Thue - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Myocardial velocities can be measured with both pulsed-wave tissue Doppler (PWTD) and color tissue Doppler (CTD) echocardiography. We aimed to (A) to explore which of the two methods better approximates true tissue motion and (B) to examine the agreement and the reproducibility of the two methods in a routine ...
Di Bello Vitantonio - - 2009
The new echocardiographic techniques for the study of physiopathological intramyocardial phenomena include video densitometry (VD), integrated backscatter (IBS), and color Doppler myocardial imaging (CDMI). Being more independent from cardiac load and from rotational and translational heart motion, these new sensible, noninvasive techniques such as CDMI and IBS show a real ...
Gaspar Ant??nio - - 2009
Lymphoma is usually recognized as the third most frequent metastatic malignancy involving the heart. In recent years, the incidence of cardiac lymphoma has increased, mainly because of HIV-infected patients. We present a case of secondary cardiac lymphoma in an HIV patient presenting with heart failure. Transthoracic echocardiography showed increased left ...
Matyal Robina - - 2009
To assess the association of perioperative cardiac dysfunction during elective vascular surgery with postoperative outcome. Patients with normal systolic function can have isolated diastolic dysfunction. Routine preoperative evaluation of left ventricular (LV) function does not include an assessment of diastolic function for risk stratification. We hypothesized that perioperative assessment of ...
Gunes Yilmaz - - 2009
Downregulation of glucose and fatty acid oxidation occurs in heart failure (HF). Trimetazidine reduces fatty acid oxidation and increases glucose oxidation. In this single-blind study, trimetazidine, 20 mg three times per day (n = 51) or placebo (n = 36) was added to treatment of 87 HF patients receiving optimal ...
Cua Clifford L - - 2009
Three neonatal patients with left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) were evaluated with echocardiography pre- and postsurgical correction using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Tissue Doppler imaging parameters demonstrated improvement after surgery in both left- and right-sided myocardial performance index (MPI); furthermore, both left and right MPI correlated with clinical course in ...
de Gregorio Cesare - - 2010
β-Thalassemia Major (βTM) is a hereditary chronic haemolytic anaemia that requires multiple blood transfusions all along lifetime. Late complication of this treatment is tissue iron overload (IO), mostly located on the reticulo-endothelial system, joints, liver, endocrine glands and the heart. In some patients, IO is responsible for heart failure. Echocardiography ...
Caldwell Bryan J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The anisotropy of cardiac tissue is a key determinant of 3D electric propagation and the stability of activation wave fronts in the heart. The electric properties of ventricular myocardium are widely assumed to be axially anisotropic, with activation propagating most rapidly in the myofiber direction and at uniform velocity ...
Eroglu Elif - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking is one of the major risk factors for coronary artery disease. However, chronic smoking has additional cardiac adverse effects independent of coronary atherosclerosis. We assessed the possible effects of chronic smoking on left and right ventricular (LV, RV) long-axis function using Doppler myocardial imaging (DMI). METHODS: Forty ...
Greco Stefania - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tei index (TI) is a Doppler parameter which reflects combined systolic and diastolic function. We aimed to study the relationship between TI, both traditional and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) echocardiographic parameters and neurohormonal profile in outpatients with diastolic dysfunction expressed by an abnormal transmitral flow pattern. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Amoozgar Hamid - - 2009
Myocarditis is a well-recognized component of Kawasaki disease, with left ventricular dysfunction occurring in more than half of patients during the acute phase. The purpose of this study was to evaluate myocardial function in patients with Kawasaki disease using pulsed tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Twenty-five patients with the diagnosis of ...
Mantziari A - - 2010
To examine left ventricular (LV) function in elite young athletes in relation to structural adaptation to prolonged intense training. Conventional echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) were performed in 15 elite rowers and 12 sedentary matched controls. Rowers had increased LV mass index, septal (12 vs 10 mm, P<0.005) and ...
Marsan Nina Ajmone - - 2009
Detailed information about the absolute temporal occurrence of myocardial motion and deformation events during the cardiac cycle is still lacking. However, the normal time range of these parameters may be of great importance as a reference for detecting and interpreting mechanical dyssynchrony and for identifying a delayed contraction in case ...
Halvorsen C P - - 2009
AIM: To perform a 10-year follow up of cardiac structure and function after twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS)--a severe foetal circulatory complication associated with myocardial hypertrophy in the recipient twin. METHODS: Cardiac dimensions, systolic and diastolic function as assessed by echocardiography including flow and tissue Doppler velocimetry in 22 healthy survivors ...
Hasegawa Takuya - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the existence of a time difference in myocardial relaxation between the subendocardium and subepicardium in patients with and without myocardial hypertrophy. BACKGROUND: Regional differences in mechanical and electrical properties between the subendocardium and subepicardium have been described for the left ventricle in animals. However, this ...
Bi Xiaojun - - 2009
The value of two-dimensional strain echocardiography for assessing left ventricular regional systolic function in breast cancer patients who were treated with epirubicin was evaluated. A total of 116 breast cancer patients were divided into 3 groups: Thirty-eight patients in group A were given epirubicin (Epi) of 120-340 mg/m(2), 42 patients ...
Su Ho-Ming - - 2009
Right brachial pre-ejection period (rbPEP), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and right brachial ejection time (rbET) can be automatically determined from an ABI-form device. The aims of this study are to test the applicability of baPWV-derived myocardial performance index (MPI) (defined as the ratio of rbPEP divided by its own ...
Sozen Ahmet Bilge - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Turner's syndrome (TS), the most frequent congenital anomaly in newborn girls, is associated with various cardiovascular abnormalities, predominantly bicuspid aortic valves and aortic coarctation. The causes of the left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and ECG findings associated with TS are unknown. We used echocardiography to assess cardiac structure and function ...
Fernandes José Maria G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Doppler-derived myocardial performance index (MPI) has been used in the evaluation of left ventricular (LV) function in several diseases. In patients with isolated diastolic dysfunction, the diagnostic utility of this index remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic utility of MPI in patients ...
Efstratiadis Stilianos - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Nesiritide is recombinant human B-type natriuretic peptide with vasodilatory effects used in patients with decompensated congestive heart failure. We sought to evaluate the effects of nesiritide on left ventricular diastolic function in heart failure patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-five heart failure patients underwent left heart catheterization (using a pressure-volume ...
Vassalos Antony - - 2009
In this study, tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) was used to assess changes in ventricular function following repair of congenital heart defects. The relationship between TDI indices, myocardial injury and clinical outcome was explored. Forty-five children were studied; 35 with cardiac lesions and 10 controls. TDI was performed preoperatively, on admission ...
Mogelvang Rasmus - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) detects left ventricular dysfunction in patients with heart failure and normal ejection fraction, but the prognostic significance of left ventricular dysfunction by TDI in the general population is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Within the Copenhagen City Heart Study, a large community-based population study, cardiac function ...
Marabotti Claudio - - 2009
Cardiac response to breath-hold diving in human beings is primarily characterized by the reduction of both heart rate and stroke volume. By underwater Doppler-echocardiography we observed a "restrictive/constrictive" left ventricular filling pattern compatible with the idea of chest squeeze and heart compression during diving. We hypothesized that underwater re-expansion of ...
Acar Gurkan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate atrial electromechanical coupling obtained by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), left and right ventricular diastolic functions, and left atrial (LA) mechanical functions in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM-1). METHODS: A total of 43 patients with DM-1 (age 19.6 +/- 6.8 ...
Luo Xianghong - - 2009
In normal subjects there is a certain corresponding relationship between the peak rotation angle of the apex and the base with respect to the phase of the cardiac cycle. We hypothesized that the myocardial contractile force and the delay of conduction may affect the correspondence of them. Our study aims ...
Jakobsen C-J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In patients with ischemic heart disease, high thoracic epidural analgesia (HTEA) has been proposed to improve myocardial function. Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) is a tool for quantitative determination of myocardial systolic and diastolic velocities and a derivative of TDI is tissue tracking (TT), which allows quantitative assessment of myocardial ...
Galas James M - - 2009
Pectus excavatum is commonly viewed as a benign condition. Associated alterations in hemodynamics are rare. We present an unusual case of right ventricular inflow obstruction and hemodynamic compromise as a consequence of pectus excavatum encountered during surgical intervention. a 15-year-old male with pectus excavatum and thoracolumbar scoliosis developed severe hypotension ...
Verma Anil - - 2009
LVDD as an early measure of myocardial end-organ damage is commonly associated with hypertension and may well precede development of LVH in hypertension. About half of the patients presenting with heart failure have a normal ejection fraction, a clinical syndrome that is commonly referred to as HFPEF or diastolic heart ...
Gabriel Ruvin S - - 2009
The evaluation of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function is an essential component of the echocardiographic examination for dyspneic patients with impaired or preserved LV systolic function. Doppler echocardiography in combination with two-dimensional echocardiographic findings can assist the diagnosis of underlying cardiac dysfunction, give an estimate of LV filling pressures, guide ...
Sallach John A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between right atrial volume index (RAVI) and right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic function, as well as long-term prognosis in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: RV dysfunction is associated with poor prognosis in patients with HF, ...
Dandel Michael - - 2009
Echocardiographic strain and strain-rate imaging (deformation imaging) is a new non-invasive method for assessment of myocardial function. Due to its ability to differentiate between active and passive movement of myocardial segments, to quantify intraventricular dyssynchrony and to evaluate components of myocardial function, such as longitudinal myocardial shortening, that are not ...
Adamu Umar G - - 2009
It is not known whether abnormalities of left ventricular diastolic function are influenced by the various cardiac geometric patterns in Nigerians with newly diagnosed systemic hypertension. To evaluate the relationship between the parameters of left ventricular diastolic function and the geometric patterns in this group of patients. Two-dimensional, guided M-mode ...
Koteda Yusuke - - 2009
To determine the acute change in cardiac performance after intravenous immunoglobulin infusion (IVIG) in patients with acute Kawasaki disease (KD). Subjects were 33 patients with KD who were treated with IVIG 2 g/kg and recovered without coronary artery lesion and 27 controls. Subjects underwent combined two-dimensional, Doppler, and tissue Doppler ...
Carluccio Erberto - - 2009
AIMS: In patients with ischaemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and viable myocardium, revascularization improves systolic function. Diastolic dysfunction is also present in such patients; however, whether revascularization improves diastolic function also is largely unknown. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with chronic ischaemic cardiomyopathy [ejection fraction (EF) 32 +/- 6%, wall motion score ...
Choi Eui-Young - - 2009
Despite the prognostic importance of ventricular filling and ventricular-arterial interaction in patients with advanced systolic heart failure, the structural determinants of these parameters have not been fully studied. We aimed to investigate whether patterns of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance affect ventricular elastic properties or performance in ...
Pavlopoulos Harry - - 2009
AIMS: Diastolic dysfunction (DD) identifies patients with increased cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to investigate the regional distribution of abnormal segmental relaxation in hypertensives with normal global DD and to demonstrate the incremental value of strain echocardiography over annular diastolic velocities and global indices of DD derived ...
Zhang Yu-Qi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to improve the diagnosis of congenital heart disease in conjoined twins using echocardiography. METHODS: Six sets of conjoined twins at Shanghai Children's Medical Center and Xin-Hua Hospital from 1980 to 2006 were assessed retrospectively. Cardiac anomalies of varying degrees of severity were first ...
Wei Yi - - 2009
The aim of the study was to evaluate the left ventricular systolic function of newborns with asphyxia using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Newborns with a history of asphyxia were divided into severe and mild groups based on their Apgar scores; normal newborns without asphyxia served as the controls. Left ventricular ...
Meluzin Jaroslav - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC), myocardial deformational parameters and their mutual relationships remain incompletely characterized. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with IDC underwent two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) to assess left ventricular rotation, torsion, and longitudinal, circumferential, and radial systolic and diastolic strains and strain rates. Additionally, 2D-STE was performed in 14 ...
Seo Yoshihiro - - 2009
Septal and lateral wall myocardial velocity-time curves from tissue Doppler imaging were analyzed to determine wall motion from which the velocity originated in 34 patients with left bundle branch and systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction < 45%). Longitudinal strain rate by speckle tracking imaging was assessed to identify whether corresponding wall ...
Sandvei Marie Søfteland - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Previous reports suggest that left myocardial ventricular function changes during the course of a subarachnoid haemorrhage. The aim of this study was to evaluate left myocardial ventricular function with tissue Doppler echocardiography at two time points during the acute phase of a subarachnoid haemorrhage. DESIGN: Eighteen consecutive patients (median ...
Bauer Fabrice - - 2009
The long-term effects of surgical treatment for aortic narrowing in left ventricular (LV) remodelling have been well described. The immediate benefit after release of obstruction is unknown. Nineteen patients with significant and symptomatic aortic stenosis underwent transcutaneous implantation of an aortic valve. A conventional and tissue Doppler echocardiography was performed ...
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