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Huemer Martin M Department of Cardiology, Charité - University Medicine Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, - - 2014
Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation has been associated with left-sided phrenic nerve palsy. Knowledge of the individual left phrenic nerve course therefore is essential to prevent nerve injury. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of an intraprocedural pace mapping and reconstruction of the left phrenic nerve ...
Saburkina Inga I Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, - - 2014
Although the rabbit is routinely used as the animal model of choice to investigate cardiac electrophysiology, the neuroanatomy of the rabbit heart is not well documented. The aim of this study was to examine the topography of the intrinsic nerve plexus located on the rabbit heart surface and interatrial septum ...
Guo Zheng Z Department of Anesthesiology, Shanxi Medical University and Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, 56 Xinjian Nan Road, Taiyuan 030001, Shanxi, China; Key Laboratory of Cellular Physiology (Shanxi Medical University), National Education Commission. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nerve growth factor (NGF) plays important roles in transmission of nociception, neural innervation and survival in sympathetic and sensory neurons. Evidence indicates that NGF may sensitize the sensory and sympathetic reaction upon noxious stimulation. Understanding of the alterations of NGF in the sensory neurons during acute myocardial infarction and the ...
Li Xiaodi X Department of Neurology, Guangdong 999 Brain Hospital, Shatai Road, 578, Guangzhou, 510510, - - 2014
Here, we present a rare case of a lateral medullary infarction with ipsilateral hemiparesis, lemniscal sensation loss and hypoglossal nerve palsy. In this case, we proved Opalski's hypothesis by diffusion tensor tractography that ipsilateral hemiparesis in a medullary infarction is due to the involvement of the decussated corticospinal tract. We ...
Nicholson Luke L Department of Ophthalmology, Singleton Hospital, Swansea, Wales, - - 2014
We present a rare case of unilateral lateral rectus palsy following an elective coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention in a 78-year-oldwoman. Ophthalmoplegia following coronary angiography is extremely rare and this is the first case of a unilateral lateral rectus palsy following the procedure.
Chowdhury Tumul T 0000-0002-8946-4148 Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Health Sciences Center, University of Manitoba, 671 William Avenue, Winnipeg, Canada R3E - - 2014
Background. Coronary artery spasm (CAS) is a rarely reported complication in neurosurgical patients and its main causative mechanism was attributed to vagal mediated responses. However, these may be the unusual manifestations of trigeminal cardiac reflex (TCR) which is a well established brain stem reflex observed in various neurosurgical patients. Methods ...
Jia Yin-Yu YY Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu 226001, - - 2013
Aliskiren is an oral renin inhibitor, which inhibits the first rate limiting step in the renin angiotensin aldosterone system. In this study, sympathetic nerve sprouting and the inducibility of ventricular fibrillation after aliskiren treatment in myocardial infarction were investigated. Male Sprague Dawley rats after coronary artery ligation were randomly allocated ...
Dehlin Heather M - - 2013
The tachykinin, substance P, is found primarily in sensory nerves. In the heart, substance P-containing nerve fibers are often found surrounding coronary vessels, making them ideally situated to sense changes in the myocardial environment. Recent studies in rodents have identified substance P as having dual roles in the heart, depending ...
Piccirillo Gianfranco - - 2013
Evidence from a canine experimental acute myocardial infarction (MI) model shows that until the seventh week after MI the relationship between stellate ganglionic nerve and vagal nerve activities (SGNA/VNA) progressively increases. We evaluated how autonomic nervous system activity influences temporal myocardial repolarization dispersion at this period. We analyzed autonomic nerve ...
Zhang Fengxiang - - 2013
Neural remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) may cause malignant ventricular arrhythmia, which is the main cause of sudden cardiac death following MI. Herein, we aimed to examine whether iPSc transplantation can ameliorate neural remodeling and reduce ventricular arrhythmias (VA) in a post-infarcted swine model. Left anterior descending coronary arteries were ...
Ng G Andre - - 2013
Sudden cardiac death remains a significant unresolved clinical problem with many of the deaths due to malignant ventricular arrhythmias. Markers of abnormal autonomic function have been shown to be strong prognostic predictors highlighting the important relationship between reduced vagal tone and malignant ventricular arrhythmias such as ventricular fibrillation in cardiac ...
Kawasaki Akiko - - 2013
Clinicoradiological correlations observed in patients with small cortical infarctions have supported somatotopic representation of different parts of body areas in primary motor cortex. However, isolated shoulder weakness because of infarction in precentral gyrus has rarely been described. We report an 80-year-old woman with isolated shoulder palsy because of cortical ischemic ...
Bertero G - - 2013
Electrical storm (ES) describes the rapidly clustering ventricular fibrillation (VF) that requires multiple cardioversions. Emerging evidence suggests that Purkinje arborization and sympathetic nerve regeneration play a major role in initiating malignant arrhythmias. We report the case of two patients who, after having survived an acute myocardial infarction (MI), developed repetitive ...
Kumar Harvinder - - 2013
A 38-year-old woman presented with acute onset of severe pain in the left calf and foot after inhaling heroin. On examination, she had distal left lower extremity weakness and absent ankle jerk. EMG at 8 weeks suggested an axonal left sciatic neuropathy. HIV test was negative. Creatine kinase, erythrocyte sedimentation ...
Yim Soo Hwan - - 2013
It is generally thought that the corticobulbar tract descends through the genu of the internal capsule (IC). There have been several reports that genu lesions cause bulbar symptoms such as facial palsies, dysarthria, and dysphagia. However, the precise location of the corticobulbar tract in the IC remains controversial. The purpose ...
Kim Dae-Hyun - - 2013
A 50-year-old woman presented with drowsiness, severe dysarthria, left facial palsy, and left hemiparesis. Diffusion-weighted MRI showed cerebral infarction in the left pontine tegmentum and right cerebellum and angiography revealed basilar artery occlusion. Altered consciousness and hemiparesis fully resolved following successful recananlisation of the basilar artery by emergent intra-arterial thrombolysis. ...
Chen Jian - - 2013
Background: Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) alters the ventricular electrophysiologic properties after myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. However, it is unclear whether MSCs transplantation enhances the secretion of nerve growth factor (NGF) and affects cardiac sympathetic remodeling. Methods: MI was induced in 35 male Sprague-Dawley rats. Two weeks later, ...
Mao Junfeng J Department of Ophthalmology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China. - - 2013
To report a phenomenon of optical nerve atrophy secondary to lateral occipital lobe infarction. Two successive patients with unilateral occipital lobe infarction who experienced bilateral optical nerve atrophy during the follow-up underwent cranial imaging, fundus photography, and campimetry. Each patient was diagnosed with occipital lobe infarction by cranial MRI. During ...
Fu Liang-Wu LW Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. - - 2013
Thinly myelinated Aδ-fiber and unmyelinated C-fiber cardiac sympathetic (spinal) sensory nerve fibers are activated during myocardial ischemia to transmit the sensation of angina pectoris. Although recent observations showed that myocardial ischemia increases the concentrations of opioid peptides and that the stimulation of peripheral opioid receptors inhibits chemically induced visceral and ...
Zhao Ming - - 2013
Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induces inflammatory response that may lead to remote vascular injury. Vagal nerve elicits the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway by activating α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7nAChR). Nevertheless, the role of vagal nerve-mediated anti-inflammatory pathway in the vasculature has not been studied previously. Therefore, we aimed to clarify the potential ...
Masuda Hiroki - - 2013
Pseudoperipheral palsy can be caused by cerebral cortical infarctions; however, it is rarely caused by lacunar infarctions, including those in the posterior limb of the internal capsule. Meanwhile, the somatotopic localization of the corticospinal tract in the posterior limb of the internal capsule remains unknown. We herein report the case ...
Lai Tzu-Hsien - - 2012
Purpose:Sporadic hemiplegic migraine is a rare form of migraine associated with motor weakness during the aura phase. While the aura usually lasts less than 1 hour, patients with sporadic hemiplegic migraine frequently have prolonged weakness.  Case Report:A 60-year-old male had sporadic hemiplegic migraine after a head injury at the age ...
Lee Jun Ho - - 2012
Necrotizing fasciitis is a soft tissue infection that is characterized by extensive necrosis of the subcutaneous fat, neurovascular structures, and fascia. Cerebral infarction after facial necrotizing fasciitis has been rarely reported. A 61-year-old woman with diabetes was admitted with painful swelling of her right cheek. One day later, she was ...
Blann A D - - 2012
Aspirin resistance and chronic renal failure are both potentially important clinical issues in coronary artery disease. To test the hypothesis of a relationship between the two, we recruited 169 stable outpatients with proven coronary artery disease (myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting, intra-coronary stents) taking 75mg aspirin daily. Blood was ...
Chirinos Julio A - - 2012
Myocardial and arterial load are time-varying phenomena. Despite their importance in myocardial function, the arterial properties that determine time-resolved myocardial wall stress are unknown. We aimed to assess arterial properties as determinants of time-resolved myocardial stress among 1214 men and women enrolled in the Asklepios Study. Time-resolved central pressure, flow, ...
Rolandi M Cristina - - 2012
Our aim was to investigate the effect of altered cardiac-coronary interaction during the Valsalva manoeuvre (VM) on coronary wave intensity and the response of coronary microvascular resistance. In 13 patients, left ventricular (P(LV)) and aortic pressure were measured during catheterization, together with intracoronary pressure and blood flow velocity (U) via ...
Guiraudon Gérard M - - 2012
We report the first use of a new platform, the Guiraudon Universal Cardiac Introducer (GUCI), in humans for accessing the left atrium for catheter-based ablations in patients with resistant atrial arrhythmias after total cavopulmonary derivation. The GUCI was originally designed for intracardiac access for closed, beating instrumental intracardiac surgery.The patient ...
Shanmugasundaram Madhan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to ventricular fibrillation (VF), VF may recur during resuscitation (recurrent VF) or fail to defibrillate (shock-resistant VF). While retrospective studies have suggested that amplitude spectral area (AMSA) and slope predict defibrillation, it is unknown whether the predictive power is influenced by VF type. ...
Yong Andy S C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent studies show that coronary microcirculatory impairment is an independent predictor of poor outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease. However, controversy exists over whether microcirculatory resistance, a measure of coronary microcirculatory status, is dependent on epicardial stenosis severity. Previous studies demonstrating that microcirculatory resistance is dependent on epicardial stenosis ...
Layland Jamie - - 2012
We present a case of takotsubo cardiomyopathy and demonstrate an initial elevation of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) that reduced on follow-up evaluation. This corresponded with improvements in left ventricular function. We postulate that the changes in microvascular resistance reflect favourable left ventricular microvascular remodelling. The measurement of IMR, a novel marker ...
Spoto Belinda - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a major cardiovascular (CV) complication in patients with kidney failure, and an association between polymorphisms in the ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) gene, a genetic marker of insulin resistance, and LVH and Left ventricular (LV) concentric remodelling has been recently documented in these patients.Aims. Since ...
Westaby Stephen - - 2011
Ischemic cardiogenic shock is a complex, self-perpetuating pathological process that frequently causes death irrespective of medical therapy. Early definition of coronary anatomy is a pivotal step towards survival. Those destined to develop shock are likely to have three-vessel or left main stem disease with previously impaired left ventricular function. Early ...
Wańkowicz Zofia - - 2011
Diuretic-resistant congestive heart failure in the form of type 2 cardiorenal syndrome is a problem of growing significance in everyday clinical practice because of high morbidity and mortality. There has been scant progress in the treatment of overhydration, the main cause of symptoms in this group of patients. The aim ...
Childers Rory - - 2011
The repolarizing T(a) wave of normal sinus rhythm is not fully visible unless there is a long P-R interval or complete atrioventicular block. Even with the latter, it is often of unseeably low voltage. It can powerfully influence inferior lead ST deviation in the stress test. The T(a) of inverted ...
Hlivák Peter - - 2011
Catheter Ablation of Idiopathic Ventricular Tachycardia. We present a 34-year-old woman with idiopathic ventricular tachycardia that resisted 2 previous attempts for catheter ablation and was successfully ablated in the myocardial extension within the noncoronary aortic cusp. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. pp. 1-4).
Hershenson Jared A - - 2011
Myocardial abscess perforation is an extremely rare complication of infective endocarditis. We present a case of a 12-month-old infant who developed community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia after an incision and drainage of a skin abscess. He subsequently developed septic emboli to the brain and lungs, and a myocardial cavity in ...
Kim Hyun Joo - - 2011
We performed a prospective cohort trial on 220 patients undergoing elective off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery and taking aspirin to evaluate the effect of aspirin resistance on myocardial injury. The patients were divided into aspirin responders and aspirin non-responders by the value of the aspirin reaction units obtained preoperatively using ...
Richter S - - 2011
In a 63-year-old woman, several capture beats were documented during a slow, right bundle-branch block tachycardia. These occur whenever retrograde conduction is lacking due to ventriculoatrial Wenckebach block. The 12-lead electrocardiogram suggested a ventricular origin in the area of the left posterior papillary muscle which was confirmed by endocardial activation ...
Pandozi Claudio - - 2011
Radiofrequency ablation procedures inside the left atrial appendage (LAA) are likely to involve dangerous complications because of a high thrombogenic effect. Cryoablation procedures are supposed to be safer. We describe two cases of successful cryoablation procedures. Two NavX-guided cryoablations of permanent focal atrial arrhythmias arising from the LAA were performed. ...
Yang Ya - - 2010
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) is a rare disorder characterized by the early onset of atherosclerosis and usually occurs at the ostia of coronary arteries. In this study, we used transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) to evaluate the dynamic changes of coronary flow in HoFH patients and to detect aortic and coronary ...
Cho Jae Yeong - - 2010
An elevated concentration of lipoprotein(a) {Lp(a)} is associated with an increased prevalence and increased severity of coronary artery disease. However, the relationship between Lp(a) levels and outcomes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unclear. Between October 2005 and June 2007, we measured serum Lp(a) levels in 832 consecutive AMI patients ...
Li Yonghong - - 2011
A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in KIF6, a member of the KIF9 family of kinesins, is associated with differential coronary event reduction from statin therapy in four randomized controlled trials; this SNP (rs20455) is also associated with the risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) in multiple prospective studies. We investigated ...
Lee Min Goo - - 2010
We sought to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with acute myocardial infarction and its effect on clinical outcomes. Employing data from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry, a total of 1,990 patients suffered from acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) between November 2005 and December 2006 were ...
Achar Suraj S University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California, USA. - - 2010
Recent surveys and reports suggest that many athletes and bodybuilders abuse anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS). However, scientific data on the cardiac and metabolic complications of AAS abuse are divergent and often conflicting. A total of 49 studies describing 1,467 athletes were reviewed to investigate the cardiovascular effects of the abuse of ...
Nair Pradeep K - - 2010
The 1980s witnessed the inception of both stents and 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins). While they evolved separately, it was soon realized that they each offered a unique and powerful mechanism for targeting the major offender in cardiovascular disease, namely atherosclerosis. Coincidentally, the first statin was approved by the US FDA ...
Winchester David E - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence of pre-procedural statin therapy to reduce periprocedure cardiovascular events. BACKGROUND: Invasive procedures can result in adverse cardiovascular events, such as myocardial infarction (MI) and death. We hypothesized that statins might improve clinical outcomes when used before invasive procedures. METHODS: ...
Colletti Patrick M - - 2010
To evaluate subclinical atherosclerosis measured by using coronary artery calcium (CAC) as a predictor of future left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function in asymptomatic elderly participants. The institutional review boards of the University of Southern California and the Harbor University of California Los Angeles Research and Education Institute (where ...
Khera Amit V - - 2010
Although cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) plays an important role in human lipoprotein metabolism, its relation to coronary artery disease remains controversial. The present study evaluated the relation between on-statin CETP mass and recurrent coronary events. The plasma CETP mass, measured after 4 months of statin therapy, was quantified in ...
Li Yonghong - - 2010
Evidence from multiple large prospective studies suggests that a common polymorphism that encodes an arginine (Arg)-to-tryptophan substitution at position 719 in the KIF6 gene is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and reduction in coronary events from statin therapy. Carriers of the 719Arg allele were at greater risk for primary ...
Lahoz C - - 2012
Patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD) and atherogenic dyslipidemia (AD) have a high-risk of recurrence and are those who derive most benefit from treatment with lipid-lowering agents. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of AD in patients with stable coronary heart disease and to investigate ...
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