Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1467
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Banach Maciej - - 2005
The annual meeting of the Heart Failure Association of ESC in Lisbon, in June 2005, was exceptionally successful. There were many very interesting presentations and workshops with the unique title: Statins in heart failure- Cholesterol-lowering is not the only goal. Heart failure (HF) is a progressive disease with coronary artery ...
Eaton Charles B - - 2005
Over the past 20 years, a link between lipoprotein disorders and atherosclerosis, and its clinical manifestations of myocardial infarction, stroke, and sudden cardiac death, has been conclusively demonstrated. This article reviews lipoprotein metabolism, its pathophysiology, describes an approach for the management of patients with lipid disorders and discusses therapy using ...
Keech A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, partly owing to dyslipidaemia, which can be amenable to fibrate therapy. We designed the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) study to assess the effect of fenofibrate on cardiovascular disease events in these patients. ...
Gulec Sadi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A recent ex vivo study suggests that the metabolic activation of clopidogrel is catalyzed by cytochrom P450 (CYP) 3A4 and is competitively inhibited by atorvastatin, but not pravastatin. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the incidence of procedure-related myocardial injury, assessed by cardiac troponin T (cTnT) release, is altered when clopidogrel ...
Ohara Yoshikazu - - 2005
Hydroxymethyglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibition (statin) therapy has been shown to reduce cardiac hypertrophy in vitro and in vivo. We assessed the influence of short-term statin therapy on left ventricular (LV) remodeling after acute myocardial in-farction. Thirty-five patients with first anterior acute myocardial infarction, who underwent primary coronary angioplasty within ...
Shah Prediman K - - 2005
Atherothrombotic vascular disease continues to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in much of the world. Although a healthy lifestyle and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol lowering significantly reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, substantial number of adverse vasoocclusive events continue to occur. These realities have brought attention to additional therapies ...
Biccard B M - - 2005
Statin cardiovascular protection is mediated by lipid lowering and pleiotropic effects. The efficacy of statins has been established in non-surgical patients with cardiovascular disease and also more recently in non-surgical patients who sustain an acute coronary event. Peri-operative statin administration has been shown to improve both short-term and long-term cardiac ...
Fonarow Gregg C - - 2005
Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are at high risk for recurrent coronary events, sudden death, and all-cause mortality. Conventional revascularization therapies reduce the risk of further ischemia but do not affect the underlying atherosclerotic disease. Statins have a proven record in the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. Furthermore, ...
Marzoa-Rivas R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Statins are used as first-line drugs against hypercholesterolemia after heart transplantation. Randomized clinical trials have shown that they reduce cholesterol levels, and the incidence of rejection and coronary vasculopathy. Adverse effects have been related to the use of certain statins, high statin dosages, comorbidities, and coadministration with cyclosporine. However, ...
Ray Kausik K - - 2005
Emerging data suggest that acute presentations of coronary artery disease may involve a complex interplay between the vessel wall, inflammatory cells, and the coagulation cascade. Although a culprit thrombotic lesion may be treated effectively by antithrombotic therapy and revascularization, this will have little effect on the global processes that determine ...
Baigent C - - 2005
Results of previous randomised trials have shown that interventions that lower LDL cholesterol concentrations can significantly reduce the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and other major vascular events in a wide range of individuals. But each separate trial has limited power to assess particular outcomes or particular categories of ...
Jaeger Beate R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Given the central importance of the microvasculature in heart transplant recipients, we investigated the possibility of increasing cardiac perfusion after reduction of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, lipoprotein (a), C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen plasma levels after apheresis treatment in transplanted patients. METHODS: Ten long-term heart transplant recipients were examined with ...
Ray Kausik K - - 2005
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is associated with a number of abnormalities in inflammation, endothelial function, and coagulation, all of which appear to be modulated by statins. We examined the time to benefit of different statin regimens in the Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22 (PROVE ...
Schwartz Gregory G - - 2005
Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) consist of unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction and are associated with a high risk of early recurrent ischemic events. Revascularization procedures do not modify underlying pathophysiology and only modestly reduce early ischemic events after an index episode of ACS. Although statins improve dyslipidemia and cardiovascular ...
Masaki Nobuyuki - - 2005
To prevent coronary artery disease, it is necessary for patients with familial hyper-cholesterolemia (FH) to maintain a low cholesterol level. Recently a combination therapy of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis and statins has been used for FH patients, but their long-term prognosis over 10 years is unknown. In this single center ...
Fonarow Gregg C - - 2005
We determined the effects of early statin treatment in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) on in-hospital morbidity and mortality. Experimental models of ischemia and reperfusion have shown that statins have early cardioprotective effects. However, the effect of statin use within the first 24 hours of admission on early morbidity and mortality ...
Salahuddin Muhammad Ishaq MI Department of Biochemistry, Hamdard College of Medicine and Dentistry, Hamdard University, Karachi, Pakistan. - - 2005
To evaluate the levels of serum total homocysteine in patients suffering from established transmural myocardial infarction and normal healthy subjects of local population. A case control study. The present study was carried out at Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Ilyas (HMI) Institute of Pharmacology and Herbal Sciences in collaboration with National Institute ...
Elliott P M PM The Heart Hospital, University College London, London, UK. - - 2006
To measure coronary flow reserve (CFR), an index of microvascular function, in Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) at baseline and after enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). Mean (SD) myocardial blood flow (MBF) at rest and during hyperaemia (adenosine 140 microg/kg/min) was measured in 10 male, non-smoking patients (53.8 (10.9) years, cholesterol 5.5 (1.3) ...
Khanal Sanjaya - - 2005
PURPOSE: We sought to examine whether statin therapy before percutaneous coronary intervention results in reduction in contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). Intravascular administration of contrast media can have nephrotoxic effects, particularly in patients with baseline renal insufficiency. Along with lowering serum cholesterol, statins have pleiotropic effects in the vasculature. The effect of ...
Macphee Colin H - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Considerable discussion continues regarding the precise role that secreted lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), also called platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase, plays in atherosclerosis. Since interest in this enzyme as a putative drug target has been based primarily upon its association with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in human plasma, this review ...
Doggrell Sheila A - - 2005
Inflammation is pivotal in atherosclerosis, and C-reactive protein (CRP) is an inflammatory marker that predicts cardiovascular events. The Reversal of Atherosclerosis with Aggressive Lipid Lowering (REVERSAL) trial compared the standard lowering of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol with pravastatin 40 mg/day, with the intense lowering of LDL-cholesterol with atorvastatin 80 mg/day on ...
Yokoyama Masaki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Plaque stabilization by statins is important for reduction of cardiovascular events but has not been demonstrated enough in vivo. We examined whether statins clinically alter the structure of coronary atherosclerotic plaques using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) radio-frequency (RF) signal analysis. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention were enrolled. ...
Sprecher Dennis L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Skin cholesterol has been associated with coronary artery disease, extent of angiographic disease and inflammatory markers such as hs-CRP. Based on these findings we sought to determine whether skin cholesterol was associated with myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Patients (N = 649) underwent diagnostic catheterization and concurrent skin cholesterol measurement. ...
Luc Gérald - - 2006
The pathogenesis of ischemic coronary events involves degradation of the extracellular matrix in atherosclerotic lesions. The cysteine protease inhibitor cystatin-C may be involved in this phenomenon. The association of plasma cystatin-C with the incidence of myocardial infarction-coronary death and angina, was examined in a nested case-control (two controls per case) ...
Schlitt Axel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Lipoproteins and their subfractions are associated with the incidence of atherosclerotic diseases. In patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), low serum concentrations of high density lipoprotein (HDL) and high low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are correlated to myocardial infarction and cardiovascular death. There is growing evidence indicating that those lipoprotein factors ...
Marchioli R - - 2005
The purpose of this paper is twofold: on the one hand, to confirm the positive results on n-3 PUFA from the overall results Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Infarto Miocardico (GlSSI)-Prevenzione trial; on the other, to summarize and describe how the results of an important trial can help ...
Shaltoni Hashem M - - 2005
Data from studies on the benefits of statins in coronary artery disease patients in preventing recurrent primary and secondary cardiac endpoints, as well as ischemic strokes, imply the potential value of statins in recurrent ischemic stroke prevention without coronary artery disease symptoms or, by extension, primary ischemic stroke prevention. However, ...
Avanzas P - - 2005
In the last decade, compelling evidence has evolved at both the basic science and clinical level for the implication of inflammation in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and its complications. The composition of the atherosclerotic plaque, rather than the degree of stenosis, is now recognized as a pivotal feature in determining ...
Hackam Daniel G - - 2005
Patients with peripheral arterial disease are at greatly elevated risk for stroke and myocardial infarction and are six times more likely to die from cardiovascular causes than those without the disease. The available evidence supports the provision of an antiplatelet agent, a statin, and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor for cardiovascular ...
van Leuven Sander I - - 2005
The introduction of statins has drastically changed the treatment and prevention of atherosclerotic vascular disease. By lowering lipid levels and reducing the risk of coronary heart disease, these drugs are among the most effective at reducing morbidity and mortality available to clinical practice. In fact, these compounds have demonstrated the ...
Ray Kausik K - - 2005
Until recently, atorvastatin was known only as a new but more potent statin ('me too' drug) for lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In the last 2 years, data has become available on nearly 32,000 patients, in clinical settings ranging from primary prevention to acute coronary syndromes. These trials show the remarkably ...
Peskov A B - - 2005
The substrate composition containing succinic acid, substrates for succinate synthesis, and antioxidants increased the efficiency of pharmacotherapy in patients with coronary heart disease and hypertension. We revealed an increase in the quality of life and decrease in the functional class of heart failure, incidence of arrhythmias and exercise-related pain, and ...
Baessler A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The majority of patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and hypercholesterolaemia does not achieve guideline recommended low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) levels. Suboptimal dosages of statins explain this dilemma in most patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: We evaluated the relationship between statin treatment quality (optimal: LDL<115 mg/dl, suboptimal: LDL>/=115 mg/dl, no statin ...
Noto Davide - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cystatin C is the most abundant protease inhibitor in the plasma. Low plasma levels have been found in patients with aortic aneurysms and they seem correlated with the extension of the aortic lesions in early aneurysms detected by ultrasonography. METHODS: In this study, plasma levels of cystatin C have ...
Moriarty Patrick M - - 2005
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) is a proinflammatory participant in atherosclerosis and a potential biomarker for coronary heart disease. The effects of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis on Lp-PLA(2) levels were evaluated in 8 patients with cardiovascular disease. Each patient received 5 LDL apheresis treatments over a 3-month period. The mean direct ...
Nagano Masahide - - 2005
A 54-year-old female was admitted to hospital complaining of oppressive anterior chest pain during exercise. Treadmill exercise ECG testing showed significant ischemic ECG changes, and electron-beam computed tomography demonstrated patchy calcifications in the coronary artery. Coronary angiography revealed a significant stenotic lesion of the right coronary artery. On routine investigations, ...
Zhou Zheng - - 2005
Clinical trials have shown the benefits of statins after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, it is unclear whether different statins exert a similar effect in reducing the incidence of recurrent AMI and death when used in clinical practice. We conducted a retrospective cohort study (1997-2002) to compare 5 statins using ...
Everett Charles J - - 2005
Principal component analysis was used to summarize variations among 7 lipid measures included in the Framingham Offspring Study (n = 2,694). An overall measure combining information from the 7 lipids was compared with conventional lipid measures in adjusted survival analyses and was found to be a superior predictor of coronary ...
Christ Michael - - 2006
AIMS: Previous studies indicate that low cholesterol levels are associated with adverse prognosis in heart failure patients, because elevated lipoprotein levels may negate bacterial endotoxin load induced by gastrointestinal congestion. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the prognostic significance of lipid levels in a cohort of 422 patients with idiopathic dilated ...
Stewart Ralph A H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Elevated serum inflammatory marker levels are associated with a greater long-term risk of cardiovascular events. Because 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme-A reductase inhibitors (statins) may have an antiinflammatory action, it has been suggested that patients with elevated inflammatory marker levels may have a greater reduction in cardiovascular risk with statin treatment. METHODS ...
Bambauer Rolf - - 2005
Numerous epidemiological investigations have shown the importance of cholesterol, and in particular low density lipoprotein (LDL), and of the lipoproteins in the development of coronary sclerosis. A continuing relationship between cholesterol levels and coronary morbidity has been established. The LDL concentration in the blood is, in particular, to be made ...
Scuffham Paul - - 2005
The use of percutaneous coronary intervention to remove occlusions from coronary arteries has increased substantially over recent years. Concurrent with the use of percutaneous coronary intervention, the use of lipid-lowering medications, such as statins, has increased. The Lescol Intervention and Prevention Study showed significant reductions with statins in postpercutaneous coronary ...
Böhm M - - 2005
The effect of statins to reduce mortality and morbidity in primary and secondary prevention as well as in acute coronary syndrome is well established. Recent data show that pleiotropic effects might also have direct effects on the myocardial cell. However, in chronic heart failure the outcome is inversely related to ...
Longenecker J Craig - - 2005
Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels are increased in dialysis patients, suggesting that they may play a role in the elevated atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk in this population. Few prospective studies of Lp(a) level, apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] size, and ASCVD have been performed in the dialysis population. An inception cohort of 833 incident ...
Shimizu Masami - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol lowering therapy may offset the development of coronary atherosclerosis, and the resulting reduction in coronary ischemia may be observed in the electrocardiogram (ECG). METHODS: A total of 2039 Japanese adults with hypercholesterolemia were divided into two groups (receiving 10-20 mg pravastatin daily or a normal diet) and were ...
Wright Douglas G - - 2005
Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor in the development of cardiovascular disease and HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (i.e. statins) were originally designed to reduce serum cholesterol levels and thus reduce this risk factor. However, it has become increasingly apparent that the effects of statins extend well beyond their lipid lowering actions, ...
Ali Imtiaz S IS Division of Cardiac Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada. - - 2005
Unstable angina (UA) is characterized by a state of coronary artery vascular inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. Statins mitigate inflammation and endothelial dysfunction and decrease mortality associated with percutaneous interventions for UA. We determined whether preoperative statin use is associated with decreased mortality and morbidity following coronary artery bypass+/-valve surgery for ...
Wolfram Roswitha - - 2005
The role of oxidation injury as an important factor in the pathophysiology of cardiomyopathy (CMP) has recently gained increasing interest. Semiquantitative analysis for isoprostane, 8-epi-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (8-epi-PGF(2alpha)), and oxidised low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) of coronary vascular tissue samples derived from CMP patients revealed an increased extent and intensity of uptake as ...
Ohtake Takayasu - - 2005
The prevalence of coronary artery stenosis (CAS) at the initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and no previous history of angina and/or myocardial infarction (MI) has not been fully elucidated. The prevalence of significant CAS was evaluated in 30 asymptomatic stage 5 CKD ...
Smith Donald A - - 2005
Eight case histories with differing clinical presentations and lipid abnormalities are presented to illustrate new trends in lipid management. Issues discussed include the use of coronary artery calcium scores to assess coronary heart disease risk for individuals who are asymptomatic, lower LDL-cholesterol goals, new lipid measurements that may be clinically ...
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