Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1463
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Saab Fadi A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Elderly patients are less likely to receive statin therapy because of concerns about their side-effects. However, 80% of deaths related to coronary heart disease occur in patients above the age of 65 years. This study evaluated the potential benefit of early administration of statins in elderly patients presenting with ...
Gau Gerald T - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is a systemic diffuse disease that may manifest as an anglographically localized coronary, cerebral, mesenteric, renal, and/or peripheral arterial stenosis or as diffuse atherosclerosis. While relief of organ ischemia is frequently possible with percutaneous or surgical revascularization, this in itself does not alleviate the long-term risks of disease recurrence ...
Kulsoom Bibi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify frequency of the following markers of atherosclerosis risk: high C-Reactive Protein (CRP) and ratio between serum levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) and to determine the association of high serum CRP levels and LDL:HDL in the patients presenting at NICVD with first ...
Knopp Robert H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is increased in type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of 10 mg of atorvastatin versus placebo on CVD prevention in subjects with type 2 diabetes and LDL cholesterol levels below contemporary guideline targets. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Subjects ...
Schoenhagen Paul - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Coronary plaque progression and instability are associated with expansive remodeling of the arterial wall. However, the remodeling response during plaque-stabilizing therapy and its relationship to markers of lipid metabolism and inflammation are incompletely understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) data from the Reversal of Atherosclerosis with Aggressive ...
Goodarzi M O - - 2007
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) hydrolyzes circulating triglycerides (TGs). We previously showed that 3'-end haplotypes in the LPL gene influence atherosclerosis and insulin resistance. This study asked whether these LPL haplotypes influence response to lipid-lowering therapy among 829 subjects from the Post-Coronary Artery Bypass Graft trial. Lipid profiles were obtained at baseline ...
Mehra M R - - 2006
Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV), is characterized by heterogeneous proliferative thickening of the vascular intima of the cardiac allograft vasculature. Since its presentation is commonly clinically silent, early diagnosis and preventative therapy are critical. Preventative therapy including optimization of immunosuppressive therapy and treatment of comorbidities associated with CAV progression must be ...
Nair P - - 2006
The early period following an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is characterised by atherosclerotic plaque destabilisation and a pro-coagulant state, and is when patients are at highest risk for recurrent cardiovascular events and mortality. Statins decrease thrombus formation and increase fibrinolysis, inhibit platelet reactivity and aggregation, improve endothelial function in patients ...
Howell Eric E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although morbidity and mortality from coronary artery disease can be improved with a variety of pharmacologic interventions, many patients remain undertreated. HYPOTHESIS: This study sought to assess whether hospitalization for possible coronary artery disease would prompt initiation of appropriate lipid-lowering therapy. METHODS: This prospective, observational study was conducted on ...
Raffel O Christopher - - 2006
The elderly represent a notable proportion of patients who present with myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndromes. This subgroup of patients also experiences a higher incidence of adverse outcomes than younger age-groups, and, therefore, has more to gain from effective, evidence-based therapies. The efficacy of statins in secondary cardiovascular disease ...
Elmas Elif - - 2007
High intake of saturated fat is a predictor of coronary heart disease mortality. The phenomenon of postprandial angina pectoris has been described many years ago. Although earlier studies have demonstrated postprandial activation of coagulation factors VII and XII, platelets and monocytes, conclusive evidence for intravascular fibrin formation after a fat-rich ...
Sebestjen Miran - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction and inflammation, in particular their lack of improvement after risk reduction, might better reflect advanced atherosclerosis than just the presence of risk factors. The aim of this study was to compare endothelial function and inflammatory parameters in high-risk patients who had no history of myocardial infarction and ...
Oliveira Jair A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the minimally modified electronegative LDL (LDL-) and its autoantibodies in coronary syndromes. DESIGN AND METHODS: LDL(-) and its autoantibodies were determined by ELISA in patients with acute (ACS, unstable angina; AMI, acute myocardial infarction) and chronic coronary syndromes (stable angina, SA) and compared to subjects without coronary ...
Colao Annamaria - - 2006
Both growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) are involved in heart development and in maintenance of cardiac structure and performance. Cardiovascular disease has been reported to reduce life expectancy in both GH deficiency (GHD) and GH excess. Patients with GHD suffer from a cluster of abnormalities associated ...
Waters David D - - 2006
It has taken a century since Anitschkow began feeding cholesterol to rabbits to study the role of cholesterol in atherosclerosis to be fully appreciated and for the potential of cholesterol reduction to prevent cardiovascular events to be fully realized. The body of clinical trial data testing the effects of statins ...
Tardif Jean-Claude - - 2006
We assessed vascular changes during atherosclerosis regression. Compensatory enlargement of coronary arteries accommodates plaque burden during atherosclerosis development. Lipid-lowering therapy has altered the natural history of coronary atherosclerosis, but the arterial changes that occur during disease regression need to be clarified. Intravascular ultrasound was performed at baseline and after approximately ...
Doggrell Sheila A - - 2006
Placebo-controlled clinical trials have shown that atorvastatin is beneficial in patients with myocardial ischemia, established coronary artery disease, hypertension and 3 other cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. left-ventricular hypertrophy, type 2 diabetes, smoking), and in diabetes, but not in patients with calcific aortic stenosis. Recently, intensive low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol lowering ...
Anan Futoshi - - 2006
In patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis (HD), the presence of silent cerebral infarction (SCI) is associated with high mortality. Plasma total homocysteine (tHcy), which increases with renal dysfunction, has been flagged as a novel predictor for cerebrovascular events. We tested the hypothesis that the presence of SCI correlates ...
Schilling Robert F - - 2006
Because anemic persons have lower cholesterol and whole blood viscosity than those who are not anemic, we hypothesized that subjects with hereditary spherocytosis who have not had the spleen removed should have fewer arteriosclerotic events than unaffected family members. We defined arteriosclerotic events as myocardial infarct, stroke, coronary artery surgery, ...
van der Harst Pim - - 2006
Patients with increased cholesterol levels are at increased risk to experience cardiovascular events and to die from vascular disease. Statins have been proven to effectively reduce cholesterol levels and subsequently reduce cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease or at increased risk to develop coronary artery disease. However, in ...
Steinberg Daniel - - 2006
The first four reviews in this series (Steinberg, D. 2004. J. Lipid Res. 45: 1583-1593; Steinberg, D. 2005. J. Lipid Res. 46: 179-190; Steinberg, D. 2005. J. Lipid Res. 46: 2037-2051; Steinberg, D. 2006. J. Lipid Res. 47: 1-14) traced the gradual accumulation of evidence, evidence of several different kinds, ...
Zorio Esther - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether high levels and small isoforms of lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] are markers of risk of early myocardial infarction and markers of the severity of coronary atherosclerosis. Lp(a) levels and small apo(a) isoforms were higher in 222 patients than in 199 controls (p<0.001). ...
Parnetti Lucilla - - 2006
Randomized trials with statins have shown a modest but significant absolute reduction in the incidence of stroke in patients with a previous myocardial infarction. The reasons for the positive statin effect on stroke endpoint are unclear, because a link between serum cholesterol level and stroke never has been established. However, ...
Wiviott Stephen D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Aggrastat to Zocor (A to Z) and Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy (PROVE IT) trials compared intensive and moderate statin therapy after acute coronary syndromes, with seemingly disparate results. We analyzed the design, implementation, and results of the two trials in an attempt to clarify the ...
Sakamoto Tomohiro - - 2006
Statins have been shown to prevent coronary artery disease and to preserve left ventricular function in dilated cardiomyopathy. We hypothesized that early use of statins would decrease cardiovascular events, including heart failure in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). To examine the effect of statins in Japanese patients with AMI, ...
Koro Carol E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence from clinical trials that lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reduces cardiovascular risk. There is less evidence for the salutatory effects of raising high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The predictive strength of an initial HDL-C measurement and its change over time for major adverse coronary events is ...
Marchesi Marta - - 2006
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) therapy is a novel and emerging area of therapeutic development in the cardiovascular field. It attempts to supplement and improve the vascular benefit exerted by other agents that are active on lipid metabolism, for example, hypolipidaemic drugs. Furthermore, it takes advantage of the novel techniques of coronary ...
Nakamura Takamitsu - - 2006
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the largest cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. A relationship between CAD and elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol has been established. However, risk assessment limited to low-density lipoprotein fails to identify a significant portion of patients at risk for CAD. Remnant lipoproteins, ...
Iwakura Katsuomi - - 2006
AIMS: Early statin treatment has beneficial effects on prognosis after acute coronary syndrome. The no-reflow phenomenon determines the prognosis after acute myocardial infarction. We investigated the effects of statin treatment before admission on the development of the no-reflow after infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed intracoronary myocardial contrast echocardiography in ...
Hulthe Johannes - - 2006
AIM: Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine with a central role in the inflammatory cascade. In the present study, we investigated whether patients with precocious myocardial infarction have higher plasma IL-18 concentrations than matched controls. Furthermore, the relationships between plasma IL-18 concentrations and coronary atherosclerosis, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) ...
Karackattu Sharon L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: SR-BI/apolipoprotein (apo) E double knockout (dKO) mice exhibit many features of human coronary heart disease (CHD), including occlusive coronary atherosclerosis, cardiac hypertrophy, myocardial infarctions, and premature death. Here we determined the effects on this pathology of hepatic lipase (HL) deficiency, which has been shown to significantly modulate atherosclerosis. METHOD ...
Harst, Pim van der
Summary and Future Perspectives Impaired endothelial function is recognized as one of the earliest events of atherogenesis.1, 2 In Part I, chapter 1, we discussed the clinical value of the different techniques to evaluate endothelium-dependent vasomotor function. We also reviewed the efficacy of both angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and the ...
Crespo Maria J - - 2006
Recent evidence suggests that statins improve the status of patients with coronary artery disease not only by reducing cholesterol levels, but also by acting at the level of the endothelium-smooth muscle unit. Previous results from our laboratory showed that these drugs interact with the vascular wall by partially inhibiting calcium-dependent, ...
Santora Lawrence J - - 2006
The authors measured coronary artery calcification as a means of examining the impact of anabolic steroids on the development of atherosclerotic disease in body builders using anabolic steroids over an extended period of time. Fourteen male professional body builders with no history of cardiovascular disease were evaluated for coronary artery ...
Pascual Domingo A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pretreatment with statins reduces early ischemic events after percutaneous coronary interventions, primarily in patients with a high level of inflammation markers. We sought to examine the association between preoperative statin therapy, systemic inflammation, and myocardial ischemia with the occurrence of early cardiac complications after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. ...
Laufs Ulrich - - 2006
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) have been shown to reduce mortality and cardiovascular morbidity in patients with hyperlipidaemia and those with coronary artery disease. However, evidence for statin treatment in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) remains a subject of debate. Patients with heart failure were generally excluded in the existing ...
Emre Ayse - - 2006
Effect of hormone replacement (HRT) therapy on plasma lipoproteins and apolipoproteins, endothelial function and myocardial perfusion in postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) IVS1-397 C/C genotype and established coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND/AIMS: Associations between various ER-alpha polymorphisms and clinical phenotypes have been studied, including lipid levels and coronary atherosclerosis. We ...
Li Jian-Jun - - 2006
Inflammation has been recognized as having an important role in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Statins reduce cardiovascular events mainly by cholesterol lowering. A large number of investigations have demonstrated that administration of statin could modify inflammatory response with a concurrent fall in cardiovascular events. Despite the known benefit ...
Cleland John G F - - 2006
This article provides information and a commentary on trials presented at the American Heart Association meeting held in November 2005, relevant to the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of heart failure. All reports should be considered as preliminary data, as analyses may change in the final publication. In REPAIR-AMI an improvement ...
Iwata Atsushi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: It is unclear whether the reduction of coronary restenosis by statins is due to a decrease in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and/or pleiotropic effects. Therefore, we performed quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and analyzed the lipid profile and changes in adhesion molecules and chemokines caused by statin in patients with ...
Sipahi Ilke - - 2006
Within the past decade, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has proved to be a useful modality for guiding coronary interventions and assessment of cardiac allograft vasculopathy. During the last few years, IVUS has been used increasingly for the evaluation of the efficacy of various possible antiatherosclerotic therapies including high-dose statins, antihypertensives, and ...
Brophy James M - - 2006
Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have shown that statins provide substantial heath benefits. Pharmaceutical companies spend enormous amounts of money on both clinical trials and marketing. The relative influence of information from clinical trials on physician prescription patterns for statins is unknown. To examine the correlation between statin prescription patterns and ...
Goldenberg Ilan - - 2006
This study evaluated the association between changes in serum levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol that occur under bezafibrate therapy and cardiac mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) who were enrolled in the Bezafibrate Infarction Prevention trial. We compared serum levels of HDL cholesterol in 1,509 patients in ...
Al-Azzawi Farook - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of metabolic effects of different progestogens on the risk of fatal myocardial infarction is evaluated. METHODS: The changes in (apo)lipoproteins obtained from a randomized trial of three hormone therapy regimens were applied to three models for predicting fatal myocardial infarction derived from the apolipoprotein-related mortality ...
Briel Matthias - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the evidence from recent clinical trials and metaanalyses on the efficacy of statin therapy to reduce death, myocardial infarction and stroke, and to review the effects of statins in patients with low LDL cholesterol, diabetes, end-stage renal disease, and acute coronary syndrome. RECENT FINDINGS: In ...
Toth Peter P - - 2005
The reduction of circulating atherogenic lipoproteins through lifestyle modification and pharmacologic intervention is an important therapeutic goal in patients at risk for acute cardiovascular events. A large number of clinical trials have demonstrated that the reduction of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is associated with significant decreases in the incidence of ...
Banach Maciej - - 2005
The annual meeting of the Heart Failure Association of ESC in Lisbon, in June 2005, was exceptionally successful. There were many very interesting presentations and workshops with the unique title: Statins in heart failure- Cholesterol-lowering is not the only goal. Heart failure (HF) is a progressive disease with coronary artery ...
Eaton Charles B - - 2005
Over the past 20 years, a link between lipoprotein disorders and atherosclerosis, and its clinical manifestations of myocardial infarction, stroke, and sudden cardiac death, has been conclusively demonstrated. This article reviews lipoprotein metabolism, its pathophysiology, describes an approach for the management of patients with lipid disorders and discusses therapy using ...
Keech A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, partly owing to dyslipidaemia, which can be amenable to fibrate therapy. We designed the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) study to assess the effect of fenofibrate on cardiovascular disease events in these patients. ...
Gulec Sadi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A recent ex vivo study suggests that the metabolic activation of clopidogrel is catalyzed by cytochrom P450 (CYP) 3A4 and is competitively inhibited by atorvastatin, but not pravastatin. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the incidence of procedure-related myocardial injury, assessed by cardiac troponin T (cTnT) release, is altered when clopidogrel ...
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