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Rubinstein Jack - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of statin therapy on myocardial function as measured with echocardiography with tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and strain imaging (SI) independent of its lipid-lowering effect. BACKGROUND: Statin use is known to improve outcomes in the primary and secondary prevention of ...
Schwartz Gregory G - - 2009
Despite contemporary therapies for acute coronary syndrome (ACS), morbidity and mortality remain high. Low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol are common among patients with ACS and may contribute to ongoing risk. Strategies that raise levels of HDL cholesterol, such as inhibition of cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP), might reduce ...
Glassberg Helene - - 2009
Statin therapy has demonstrated clear reductions in the risk of death and recurrent cardiac events in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and coronary artery disease. Heart failure after myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with increased in-hospital mortality and worse long-term prognosis. Some controversy exists about the effects of statin ...
Sampietro Tiziana - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Low plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. We investigated whether HDL-cholesterol levels had a prognostic value in patients with mild left ventricular dysfunction, irrespective of the presence of coronary disease. METHODS: The study included 686 consecutive patients hospitalized between January 2002 and December ...
Kojima Shinobu - - 2011
Hypercholesterolemia is a risk factor for coronary artery disease and closely linked to unstable plaque. Hypoadiponectinemia is frequently observed in patients with metabolic syndrome complicated with macroangiopathy and predicts poor clinical outcome. Spectral analysis of intravascular ultrasonography radiofrequency (IVUS-Virtual Histology [VH]) allows quantitative analysis of plaque composition. The purpose of ...
Philipp Sebastian - - 2010
Cardiovascular risk factors such as elevated serum lipid levels are important in the development of coronary atherosclerosis. Radiofrequency (RF) analysis of intravascular ultrasound [IVUS, Virtual histology (VH)] offers a unique tool to study the composition of coronary atherosclerotic plaque in vivo. We used data from the multicentre VH registry to ...
Waters David D - - 2009
That statins should be prescribed for patients before hospital discharge after an episode of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a Level of Evidence: 1A recommendation of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Joint Task Force. This level of recommendation is based upon 2 clinical trials: the MIRACL (Myocardial Ischemia ...
Kleber Marcus E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The rs599839 polymorphism A/G in the vicinity of the sortilin 1 gene has been reported to be associated with low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and coronary artery disease (CAD). The objective of this study was to further characterize the protective effect of the minor allele by analyzing the association ...
Zhao Shui-ping - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommended intensive low-density lipoprotein cholesterol lowering with statins, aiming at the target of 70 mg/dL (1.81 mmol/L) of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol for those with very high risk of coronary artery events. However, there is no multicenter study assessing the effect of intensive lipid lowering therapy with statins ...
Abuissa Hussam - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated that statins may possess anti-arrhythmic properties in addition to their lipid-lowering effects. METHODS: Studies which reported the association of statins with the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias were identified through a systematic review of the published literature. RESULTS: Statins have been associated with a significant reductions ...
Jia Xinwei - - 2009
This study was aimed at probing the effects of intensive cholesterol-lowering therapy with simvastatin on the large artery elasticity of acute myocardial infarction patients. A total of 72 cases of acute myocardial infarction patients were divided into a normocholesterol group (n = 37) and a hypercholesterol group (n = 35) ...
Prinz Vincent - - 2009
The introduction of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors, i.e., statins, constitutes a milestone in the prevention of cardio- and cerebrovascular disease. The effects of statins extend far beyond their effects on cholesterol levels: pleiotropic effects include vasoprotective mechanisms, comprising improved endothelial function, increased bioavailability of nitric oxide, immunomodulatory and antiinflammatory properties, stabilization ...
McConnell Karen J - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine which factors are associated with recurrent coronary events. DESIGN: Matched, case-control study. DATA SOURCE: Electronic databases of a health maintenance organization. PATIENTS: Of a cohort of adults (mean age 62 yrs, 68% male) who had an incident coronary event, defined as acute myocardial infarction or percutaneous ...
Hiro Takafumi - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the regressive effects of aggressive lipid-lowering therapy with atorvastatin on coronary plaque volume (PV) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are generalized for other statins in multicenter setting. BACKGROUND: A previous single-center study reported beneficial regressive effects of atorvastatin ...
Zhang Yifei - - 2009
The clinical use of criteria for metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its individual components with respect to risk prediction of coronary heart disease (CHD) remains uncertain. In this study, we investigated whether and to what extent MetS and its individual components were related to risk for CHD. A total of 1,028 ...
Sillesen Henrik - - 2009
Carotid disease may be evaluated by surrogate outcomes, such as intima-media thickness and carotid plaque features, and by clinical end points. Statins stop progression or may induce regression of intima-media thickness, and statins may also stop plaque growth or even induce reduction of plaque volume. Areas rich in lipids within ...
Ridker Paul M - - 2009
While inflammation is a crucial component of atherothrombosis and patients with elevated inflammatory biomarkers such as high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) are at increased vascular risk, it remains unknown whether inhibition of inflammation per se will lower vascular event rates. The recently completed JUPITER (N Engl J Med 2008, 359, ...
Finn Aloke V - - 2009
Despite advances in the pharmacotherapy of atherosclerosis, the most successful agents used to treat this disease - statins - remain ineffective for the primary or secondary prevention of myocardial infarction in about two-thirds of patients. The lack of a more robust treatment effect underscores the limitations of lipid lowering alone ...
De Silva L D R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of Acute cardiac event in the early stage of its onset is important in the treatment process. The development of highly sensitive and specific immunoassays for myocardial proteins such as cardiac Troponin I (cTnI) had made it possible. However Troponin indicates cardiac events only after its onset or ...
Ware William R - - 2009
That LDL cholesterol drives atherosclerosis is a widely if not almost universally held belief, and this belief strongly influences the mainstream approach to coronary heart disease. However heart disease has a number of stages, and in terms of primary prevention, the initiation and progression of silent or sub-clinical atherosclerosis is ...
Tani Shigemasa - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to clarify the relation between differential leukocyte counts and inhibition of the development of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with coronary artery disease. A 6-month prospective study was conducted in 84 patients treated with pravastatin. Plaque volume, as assessed by volumetric analysis using intravascular ultrasound, ...
Semenova Anna E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our investigation was to assess the influence of rosuvastatin therapy and myocardial revascularization on angiogenic growth factors in coronary artery disease patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two main groups were examined: group one consisted of patients with successful percutaneous coronary intervention and group two consisted of patients ...
Saeki Tomoaki - - 2009
AIM: The effect of statins in preventing cardiac events in Japanese coronary artery disease (CAD) patients was studied in a retrospective investigation of 148 patients diagnosed with CAD by coronary angiography (CAG). METHODS: Sixty-five patients received statins within 2 weeks after CAG, and 83 patients did not receive statins after ...
Lüscher Thomas Felix - - 2009
Endothelial dysfunction and plaque formation are features of atherosclerosis. Inhibition of L-type calcium channels or HMG-CoA pathway improves endothelial function and reduces plaque size. Thus, we investigated in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) the effects of a calcium antagonist on coronary endothelial function and plaque size. In 454 patients undergoing ...
Kashima Yuichiro - - 2009
Statins reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Although all statins are equally effective in secondary prevention, there might be certain differences in the effects of lipophilic and hydrophilic statins. Therefore, our aim is to compare the effectiveness of lipophilic atorvastatin and hydrophilic pravastatin ...
Sapre N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We wished to assess how General Practitioners (GPs) and cardiologists perceive and communicate the benefits of therapy with statins (hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors) in a patient following myocardial infarction. METHODS: We interviewed 20 GPs and 22 cardiologists to determine treatment policy and ways of expressing its benefits to a ...
Shiomi Masashi - - 2009
Professor Yoshio Watanabe, who developed the WHHL rabbit, died on December 13, 2008. He had contributed to studies of lipoprotein metabolism and atherosclerosis, and to the development of hypolipidemic and/or anti-atherosclerotic compounds. WHHL rabbits show hypercholesterolemia due to deficiency of LDL receptors, and very similar lipoprotein metabolism to humans. The ...
Stefanutti Claudia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In this single-center, nonrandomized, prospective study, 11 children with severe genetic hypercholesterolemia, without previous cardiovascular disease events, were treated with low-density lipoprotein apheresis (LDLa). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: LDLa was given every 1 or 2 weeks for 2 to 17 years. Clinical cardiovascular events and coronary revascularization, as well ...
Pineda Javier - - 2010
Intravascular thrombogenesis is influenced by a complex interplay of factors related to a procoagulant state, fibrinolysis, endothelial damage/dysfunction and inflammation. We hypothesised that abnormalities of these biological systems would contribute to outcome of coronary artery disease presenting at a young age. We performed a prospective study of 142 subjects presenting ...
Karpi?ski ?ukasz - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies indicate that inflammatory and immune factors are involved in the post-infarction cardiac remodeling. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with acute coronary syndrome with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the acute phase of the disease and ...
Crisby Milita - - 2009
The association between C-reactive protein (CRP) and future cardiovascular risk has been of particular interest during recent years. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is another marker linking the immune system with the atherogenic process. The aim of this study was to examine whether ox-LDL and CRP were associated with endothelial function ...
Dominguez-Rodriguez Alberto - - 2009
PURPOSE: Elevated levels of serum inflammatory markers such as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) represent independent risk factors for further cardiovascular events. In an atherosclerosis model, selective heart rate (HR) reduction with ivabradine has been shown to decrease markers of vascular oxidative stress, to improve endothelial function, and to reduce atherosclerotic ...
Ridker Paul M - - 2009
Recent trial data have challenged the hypothesis that cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) have causal roles in atherothrombosis. One method to evaluate this issue is to examine whether polymorphisms in the CETP gene that impact on HDL-C levels also impact on the future development of ...
Mastella Aline K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) has been shown to be a rapidly rising and sensitive biochemical marker for the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia. In this study, we evaluated the levels of IMA in myocardial infarction and prostate diseases, as well as the influence of HDL cholesterol levels on C-reactive protein (CRP) ...
ADAMEOVA A - - 2009
Statins, the inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, are most frequently used drugs in the prevention of coronary artery disease due to their cholesterol-lowering activity. However, it is not exactly known whether these effects of statins or those independent of cholesterol decrease account for the protection against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion ...
Navi Babak B - - 2009
Flawed observational studies find weak associations between high cholesterol and ischemic stroke, and low cholesterol and hemorrhagic stroke. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides each appear to have individual effects on stroke risk and type. Statins decrease the risk of cerebral infarction in patients with coronary disease, diabetes, ...
Mart?nez Vicente Bertomeu - - 2009
C-reactive protein (CRP) is produced by the macrophages in the liver and adipocytes and is integrated in the acute-phase response pathway. Being a nonspecific marker of inflammation, it increases in response to inflammation. The results of recent studies that have analyzed the role of CRP have not yet influenced current ...
Baginsky Peter - - 2009
Statins have proven benefit in preventing cardiovascular events and should be prescribed for almost all patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) or equivalent. However, evidence is lacking to support treating all such individuals. Potential exceptions include those in the initial days of acute coronary syndrome, those with symptomatic systolic heart ...
Athyros Vasilios G - - 2009
The present review considers the potential pleiotropic effects of statins and the evidence indicative of the "real world" benefit from these effects in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Some of these cholesterol-independent effects of statins involve improved endothelial function, stability of atherosclerotic plaques, attenuation of oxidative stress and inflammation, as ...
Porchay-Baldérelli Isabelle - - 2009
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) have a high coronary risk partly because of low levels of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C). The adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) plays a key role in HDL metabolism. We studied the association of common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ABCA1 gene with ...
Maruyama Koutatsu - - 2009
AIM: To examine whether fasting blood lipid profiles are associated with the risk of myocardial infarction among Japanese men. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study in the Morbidity of Myocardial Infarction Multicenter Study in Japan (3M Study). For each case of myocardial infarction entered in the 3M Study between ...
von Haehling Stephan - - 2009
Statins are well-known for their ability to lower serum cholesterol levels, but have properties beyond mere cholesterol reduction, including an improvement in endothelial dysfunction, release of endothelial progenitor cells, anti-inflammatory properties and a number of antitumour activities. In the present issue of Clinical Science, Stumpf et al. show that a ...
Yoon Yeonyee E - - 2009
The Third Report of the Adult Treatment Panel National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP-ATP III) guidelines are widely used for the primary prevention of a coronary event. These guidelines were developed using experimental data from studies that enrolled mostly Caucasian patients. The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis varies with ethnicity. Given these two ...
Muzzio Maria Luz - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Many studies suggest that the different steps of the atherosclerotic process may be mediated by metalloproteases (MMPs). MMP-9 and MMP-2, which are highly expressed in the vulnerable regions of the atherosclerotic plaques, have been suggested to be causally involved in plaque rupture. In another manner linked with ...
Beri Abhimanyu - - 2009
Since the introduction of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) for lowering lipids, a large amount of data has been published demonstrating their potential benefits in conditions as varied as cancer, osteoporosis, and Alzheimer's dementia. We reviewed the published literature on MEDLINE from articles between 1950 and 2008 on the non-atheroprotective effects ...
Pillois Xavier - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP) plays a pivotal role in the remodelling of triglyceride (TG)-rich and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles. Sequence variations in the CETP gene may interfere with coronary atherosclerosis. However, clinical studies of various CETP polymorphisms have shown controversial data in coronary artery outcome. We aimed to ...
Bartels Emil D - - 2009
Obesity causes lipid accumulation in the heart and may lead to lipotoxic heart disease. Traditionally, the size of the cardiac triglyceride pool is thought to reflect the balance between uptake and beta-oxidation of fatty acids. However, triglycerides can also be exported from cardiomyocytes via secretion of apolipoproteinB-containing (apoB) lipoproteins. Lipoprotein ...
Nunes José Pedro L - - 2009
Coronary angiography allows a direct evaluation of coronary anatomy. The aim of the present investigation was to search for correlations between the magnitude of coronary artery disease, as assessed by angiography, and a number of systemic parameters. A group of 116 patients (80 male, 36 female) with coronary heart disease ...
Kushiro Toshio - - 2009
Lipid-lowering therapy in individuals with high risk of cardiovascular disease reduces the incidence of coronary heart disease. However, few studies have assessed the benefits of cholesterol lowering for primary prevention of coronary heart disease in hypertensive patients with mild dyslipidemia or without conventional dyslipidemia. The large, randomized Management of Elevated ...
Kiyokuni Masayoshi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Experimental studies suggest that statins promote vascular fibrinolysis, so statin treatment before the onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may result in a smaller infarct size. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group comprised 310 patients with AMI who received fibrinolysis within 12 h after symptom onset: 39 had received ...
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