Search Results
Results 751 - 800 of 1447
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Bybee K A - - 2001
In a retrospective analysis, 66 patients identified as having received a statin drug within 24 hours of admission for acute myocardial infarction were matched 3:1 with a control group of 198 patients not treated with a statin agent. End points of in-hospital mortality and in-hospital reinfarction were significantly lower in ...
Gotto A M AM - - 2001
Statin therapy reduces coronary artery disease morbidity and mortality in primary and secondary prevention trials including patients with elevated and average cholesterol levels. The association between reduction of total or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and preventive benefit is well established. However, additional risk factors for coronary artery disease need to be ...
Fukui T - - 2001
Recent studies have shown that oxidative stress plays an important role in cardiovascular diseases. NADPH oxidase is one of the major sources of superoxide anions and a candidate for the initiation and development of atherosclerosis, which involves the remodeling of vasculature. However, the relevance of NADPH oxidase in ventricular remodeling ...
Aronow W S - - 2001
Hypercholesterolemia is a risk factor for new coronary events in older men and women. Secondary prevention trials have demonstrated in persons with coronary artery disease (CAD) and hypercholesterolemia that statin drugs reduced in older persons all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, coronary events, coronary revascularization, stroke, and intermittent claudication. Statins have also ...
Penny W F - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed coronary artery endothelial function in patients with hypercholesterolemia before and after lipid lowering, using quantitative angiography to examine the acetylcholine (Ach) response along the entire analyzable vessel. BACKGROUND: Lipid lowering reverses endothelial dysfunction, but whether improvement occurs only in some segments and not others has not ...
Moriarty P M - - 2001
This review concerns the clinical impact of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis for patients with refractory hypercholesterolemia. We examine and provide examples of investigations that have demonstrated the clinical benefits of LDL apheresis. In addition to benefits derived from the stabilization or regression of arterial lesions, we highlight other possible mechanisms ...
Iso H - - 2001
To examine the relation of triglycerides with coronary heart disease among populations with low mean total cholesterol, the authors conducted a 15.5-year prospective study ending in 1997 of 11,068 Japanese aged 40-69 years (4,452 men and 6,616 women with mean total cholesterol = 4.73 mmol/liter and 5.03 mmol/liter, respectively), initially ...
Auer J - - 2001
Clinical trials have demonstrated that inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase (statins) significantly reduce cardiovascular-related morbidity and mortality in patients with and without coronary artery disease. Furthermore, statins are currently the most potent cholesterol-lowering drugs available. Subanalyses of the LIPID study have shown that patients suffering from unstable angina ...
Lanes R - - 2001
The objective of our study was to evaluate whether cardiac mass and function, carotid artery intima-media thickness, and serum lipid and lipoprotein(a) levels are abnormal in adolescents with GH deficiency. Young adults with childhood-onset and adulthood-onset GH deficiency have been found to have a higher cardiovascular risk, as manifested among ...
Ogawa H - - 2001
Oxidized low-density lipoproteins are important in the progression of atherosclerosis. Autoantibodies against malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoproteins have been reported to be predictive of the progression of atherosclerosis. This study sought to examine whether plasma levels of autoantibodies against oxidized low-density lipoprotein increase in the coronary circulation in patients with coronary spastic ...
Markwood T T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: As a class, statins are remarkably effective in reducing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and several of these drugs have now been shown to reduce coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality. However, several important controversies in the use of statins remain to be answered by clinical trials. For example, it ...
Manpuya M W - - 2001
To evaluate the relationship between plasma apoA-IV levels and coronary atherosclerosis and to explore its relation to other risk factors. Using ELISA techniques, plasma apoA-IV levels were quantified in 181 patients who underwent coronary angiography (CAG). Patients were divided according to their coronary status into a coronary heart disease (CHD) ...
Alberts M J - - 2001
Recent studies of hydroxy-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors have demonstrated that therapy with statins is associated with a significant decrease in the risk of stroke and TIA in patients with coronary artery disease. The underlying mechanism responsible for this effect is unclear. The author presents two patients who had cessation ...
Sebestjen M - - 2001
A characteristic feature of patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is the premature occurrence of coronary artery disease because of elevated LDL cholesterol levels. Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance, important characteristics of the cardiovascular dysmetabolic syndrome (CDS), were found to be associated with coronary artery disease in FH subjects, as in ...
Kugiyama K - - 2001
Oxidized low-density lipoproteins (LDL) impair endothelium-dependent dilation and constrict arteries. This study examined possible relation of the circulating plasma levels of Ox-LDL to coronary spastic angina (CSA). The plasma levels of Ox-LDL were measured by ELISA in 37 consecutive patients with CSA and normal coronary angiograms and in 79 consecutive ...
Tonkin A M - - 2001
Five large randomized clinical trials show the benefits of lipid lowering with statins on cardiac morbidity and mortality. Three of these were secondary-prevention trials--the Long-term Intervention with Pravastatin in Ischemic Disease (LIPID) study, Cholesterol and Recurrent Events (CARE), and Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study (4S). The CARE and LIPID studies, performed ...
Braunwald E - - 2001
Five large randomized trials of statins in primary and secondary prevention show the benefits of lipid-modifying therapy on cardiac morbidity and mortality. Evidence is beginning to accumulate showing that early and aggressive treatment of patients with acute coronary syndromes (acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina) can result in reduced mortality ...
Thompson P L - - 2001
The efficacy of statins in lowering the total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and reducing the risk of cardiac events is now well established. The secondary prevention studies started treatment several months after the acute event. However, the greatest risk of recurrence is shortly after the index event. Recent evidence from ...
Baillargeon J P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Lowering plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations in patients with established coronary artery disease is essential if recurrent cardiac events and mortality are to be prevented; however, a large proportion of patients with myocardial infarction (MI) are not screened and treated appropriately in the months immediately following hospital ...
Novaro G M - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Hyperlipidemia is a risk factor for the progression of coronary artery disease, and possibly also valvular aortic stenosis. Thus, patients with aortic stenosis, coronary disease (or both) might be expected to have more abnormal lipid profiles than those without these two conditions. METHODS: The ...
Marchioli R - - 2001
Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Infarto Miocardio (GISSI)-Prevenzione was conceived as a population, pragmatic trial on patients with recent myocardial infarctions conducted in the framework of the Italian public health system. In GISSI-Prevenzione, patients were invited to follow Mediterranean dietary habits, and were treated with up-to-date preventive pharmacological ...
Waters David - - 2001
The Myocardial Ischemia Reduction with Acute Cholesterol Lowering (MIRACL) Trial tested the hypothesis that intensive lowering of cholesterol with atorvastatin (80 mg/day) initiated 24-96 h after an acute coronary syndrome would, over 4 months, reduce the incidence of the composite endpoint of death, nonfatal infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, and recurrent ...
Keane W F - - 2001
The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor (statin)-mediated lowering of serum cholesterol has been associated with a significant reduction in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Recent studies suggest that additional non-lipid lowering effects (eg, endothelial stabilization, anti-inflammatory, antithrombogenic) may be important in modulating their effectiveness. Dyslipidemia is common in end-stage renal disease ...
Vazquez-Jimenez J F - - 2001
We report two cases of systemic cholesterol embolization after coronary bypass surgery under extracorporeal circulation. First clinical symptoms starting at 48-72 h after cardiac operation were severe abdominal pain and elevated ischemia associated blood parameters. In both patients a laparotomy was performed but fatal outcome due to multi-organ failure could ...
Favarato D - - 2001
Hypercholesterolemia causes myocardial ischemia, even in the absence of obstructive coronary artery lesions. Reductions in cholesterol are associated with improved clinical outcomes that may reflect reversal of endothelial dysfunction, lesion regression, or both. This review explores experimental and clinical evidence that supports these observations. These include: 1) mechanisms by which ...
Kjekshus John - - 2001
Treatment to prevent progression of heart failure has been targeted to reverse the consequences of heart failure and to a lesser extent the cause - the atherosclerotic plaque itself. Less than 50% of patients with heart failure are treated with lipid intervention. Heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] functional ...
Pietro Maggioni Aldo - - 2001
Statins reduce mortality of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, by protocol, trials have excluded patients with chronic heart failure. Since the prevalent etiology of heart failure is CAD, preventing CAD may prevent heart failure progression. Statins may have other beneficial effects besides cholesterol lowering, such as anti-inflammatory properties ...
Hess D C - - 2001
Simvastatin (Zocortrade mark, Merck) is a safe and effective 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor. Simvastatin potently lowers total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Simvastatin was the first cholesterol-lowering agent that reduced total mortality in a randomised clinical trial. Simvastatin is effective at reducing total mortality, myocardial infarction, coronary ...
Stulc T - - 2001
The basis for most acute coronary events is either rupture or fissuring of unstable atherosclerotic plaques with subsequent thrombosis leading to coronary artery occlusion. The development of atherosclerotic plaques takes several decades, but the mechanical features determining its stability and the risk of rupture can change very rapidly depending on ...
Spence J D - - 2001
Plasma homocyst(e)ine level is a strong independent risk factor for vascular disease. The spelling of homocyst(e)ine reflects that what is measured, and what constitutes the risk factor; it includes homocysteine, homocystine (the dimer of homocysteine) and mixed cysteine-homocysteine disulfide. Homocyst(e)ine levels above 10.2 micro mol/L are associated with a doubling ...
Bates E R - - 2000
Several studies shortly after the advent of coronary artery bypass surgery reported early atherosclerosis in saphenous vein grafts, and an association between dyslipidemia and graft occlusion. Lipid-lowering therapy in a number of trials resulted in reduced progression of atherosclerosis in vein grafts and fewer subsequent revascularization procedures. Presently, however, only ...
Miller M - - 2000
In the Veterans Affairs High-Density Lipoprotein Intervention Trial (VA-HIT), a 6% increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was associated with a 22% reduction in the incidence of fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction and death from coronary artery disease. A curvilinear correlation was demonstrated between incremental changes in HDL-C and outcome. ...
Boden W E - - 2000
The Framingham Heart Study found that high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was the most potent lipid predictor of coronary artery disease risk in men and women >49 years of age. The Air Force/Texas Coronary Atherosclerosis Prevention Study (AFCAPS/TexCAPS), in which subjects were randomized to treatment with lovastatin or placebo, also reported ...
Arntz H R - - 2000
Secondary prevention of coronary heart disease by antilipidemic therapy beginning at > or =3 months after an acute coronary syndrome is well documented. The impact, however, of immediate initiation of antilipidemic therapy on coronary stenoses and clinical outcome in patients with acute coronary syndrome is unknown. In our study, patients ...
Steinberg D - - 2000
In-vitro studies and animal model studies provide an ever-growing body of evidence, direct and indirect, that oxidation of low-density lipoprotein and/or related oxidative mechanisms play a role in atherogenesis. However, two recent, very large, carefully conducted clinical intervention trials using adequate doses of vitamin E demonstrated no effect on a ...
Emingil G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Well-known risk factors independently or combined participate in both myocardial infarction and atherosclerosis. Recent data have shown that viral and bacterial infections may also contribute to the acute thromboembolic events. The aim of the present ...
Feeman W E WE - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The only reason for treating dyslipidaemia is the prevention and/or stabilization of atherosclerosis. Angiographic stabilization/reversal of coronary atherosclerosis predicts a decrease in future atherosclerotic disease manifestations. METHODS: This paper reports on an analysis of eight angiographic trials that use therapy of dyslipidaemia in order to stabilize/reverse coronary atherosclerosis. The ...
Vanuzzo D - - 2000
We have examined the potential for cholesterol lowering in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease based on data from the European Action on Secondary Prevention through Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE) study carried out in 1995-1996 in nine European centres (Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, The Netherlands, Slovenia ...
Bolibar I - - 2000
We studied the role of various markers of lipid metabolism, hemostasis and inflammation in a two year follow-up of 3,000 patients with angina pectoris, during which time 106 patients experienced myocardial infarction or sudden coronary death. Low levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and of apolipoprotein (apo) A-I were ...
Tribouilloy C M - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Plasma homocysteine level is a risk factor for coronary events, stroke, and peripheral atherosclerotic disease. However, few data are available concerning the relationship between homocysteine level and severity of thoracic aortic atherosclerosis. We hypothesized in this multiplane transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) study that homocysteine level is a marker of ...
Horne B D - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The joint predictive value of lipid and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, as well as a possible interaction between statin therapy and CRP, were evaluated for survival after angiographic diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia increases risk of CAD and myocardial infarction. For first myocardial infarction, the combination ...
Pethig K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Response to immunologic and nonimmunologic injury has been reported to initiate the development of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAVD). Although histopathologic examinations reveal signs of focal inflammation, little is known about the systemic inflammatory response in this accelerated coronary syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: Therefore, we investigated high-sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) ...
Campeau L - - 2000
This article reviews the rationale for lipid lowering in patients who have coronary heart disease, and specifically for post-bypass patients. It has been well demonstrated that after coronary artery bypass graft surgery, atherosclerosis continues to progress in the native circulation and develops at an accelerated rate in saphenous vein bypass ...
Kritz H - - 2000
Patients with human immunodeficiency virus show increased atheroembolism and premature arterial events (stroke, myocardial infarction), but no increased venous thromboembolism. This paper describes an association of elevated lipoprotein(a), a decreased prostaglandin I(2)(PGI(2)) synthesis stimulating plasma factor, diminished PGI(2)-stability in plasma and decreased high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and apolipoprotein A. It is unclear ...
Ijem J - - 2000
There have been many recent articles published that emphasize the fact that cholesterol deposits are only one of many mechanisms through which acute coronary artery disease develops. Recently, a meta-analysis shows that only 14% of acute coronary events occur in stenotic lesions in coronary arteries that are greater than 70% ...
Waters D D - - 2000
Although several large, well-controlled trials with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) demonstrate the benefits of cholesterol lowering on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, these trials excluded patients with recent unstable angina or myocardial infarction. Thus, the potentially beneficial effects that may accrue from early statin therapy have not been apparent. ...
Forrester J S - - 2000
Acute coronary syndromes are caused by plaque rupture. The conventional strategy of prevention of plaque rupture has been driven by the "lipid hypothesis"--if lipid levels are optimized to target levels, the risk of coronary events is decreased. Indeed, the hypothesis has been validated by the dramatic success of statin therapy. ...
Sacks F M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Plasma triglyceride concentration has been an inconsistent independent risk factor for coronary heart disease, perhaps because of the metabolic heterogeneity among VLDL particles, the main carriers of triglycerides in plasma. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a prospective, nested case-control study in the Cholesterol and Recurrent Events (CARE) trial, a ...
Jacobson T A - - 2000
Since the publication of the second set of guidelines by the National Cholesterol Education Program, a solid body of data from landmark clinical studies has demonstrated that reduction in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor ("statin") therapy sharply diminishes the risk for coronary artery disease. These ...
Koh K K - - 2000
Clinical trials of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor (statin) therapy have demonstrated improvement in coronary atherosclerosis progression and reduction in risk of cardiovascular events. However, improvement in cardiovascular end-points is incompletely explained by the baseline or treated LDL cholesterol level. The beneficial effects of statins on clinical events may ...
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