Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1467
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Burton Jeffrey R - - 2003
This study examined the effects of long term cholesterol lowering therapy with simvastatin on progression and regression of coronary atherosclerosis, as determined by quantitative angiographic end points, in subgroups of patients with known coronary risk factors. In this randomized, placebo controlled clinical trial, the effect of simvastatin on coronary atherosclerosis ...
Nordin Fredrikson G - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Oxidized LDL has been attributed a key role in the development of atherosclerosis. Previous studies have demonstrated increased plasma levels of oxidized LDL in patients with established coronary artery disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate if plasma oxidized LDL also predicts risk for development of ...
Tornvall Per - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the importance of different autoantibodies against modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: Previous studies of autoantibodies against LDL have shown that patients with CAD have increased titers of autoantibodies against LDL modified by copper and malondialdehyde (MDA), whereas there is a ...
Brown W Virgil - - 2003
Several major clinical studies have examined the impact of lipid lowering in patients with and without coronary heart disease and have demonstrated that lowering lipid levels can successfully and significantly delay the onset of cardiovascular events. Although epidemiologic studies and small clinical trials have suggested that more aggressive and sustained ...
Tarchalski Janusz - - 2003
Increased concentration of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol or decreased level of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol are important risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis. However, an independent association of triglycerides (TG) with atherosclerosis is uncertain. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the relationship between serum lipid levels ...
Hague Wendy - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The Long-Term Intervention with Pravastatin in Ischaemic Disease (LIPID) study showed that cholesterol-lowering therapy prevented further events in patients with coronary heart disease and average cholesterol levels. The aim of this subgroup analysis was to assess the effects of pravastatin in women. METHODS: A total of 1516 women (756 ...
Singh Ram B - - 2003
In a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial, the effects of oral treatment with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10, 120 mg/day), a bioenergetic and antioxidant cytoprotective agent, were compared for 1 year, on the risk factors of atherosclerosis, in 73 (CoQ, group A) and 71 (B vitamin group B) patients after acute myocardial infarction ...
Chan Albert W - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Beyond lipid lowering, statins are known to possess antiinflammatory and antithrombotic properties. Recent studies suggested an association between statins and early reduction in death or myocardial infarction (MI) after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). We sought to examine the interrelationship between inflammation, statin use, and PCI outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Ramunni A - - 2003
There is clear clinical evidence that a drastic lowering of plasma LDL-Cholesterol (LDL) concentrations significantly reduces the rate of total and coronary mortality as well as the incidence of cardiovascular events in high risk hypercholesterolemic patients. We describe the case of a 51-year-old woman with coronary heart disease (CHD) who ...
Soysal Dilek - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the association of plasma total homocysteine (tHcy), cardiac risk factors and total nitrite in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients, cardiac syndrome X patients and in healthy subjects. METHODS: Forty two CAD, 22 cardiac syndrome X patients and 30 healthy subjects, aged 30 to 75 years were included ...
Christ-Crain Mirjam - - 2003
Hypothyroidism is associated with premature atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Recently, total homocysteine (tHcy) and C-reactive protein (CRP) emerged as additional cardiovascular risk factors. We first investigated CRP and tHcy in different severities of primary hypothyroidism and in a second study we evaluated the effect of L-thyroxine treatment in patients with ...
Miwa Kunihisa - - 2003
Increased lipid oxidative stress has been recently implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary artery spasm. Small, dense LDL with high susceptibility to oxidation may be linked to the genesis of coronary vasospasm. The relative migratory distance of the predominant densitometric peak of LDL from that of VLDL to that of ...
Horne Benjamin D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Seropositivity to cytomegalovirus (CMV) and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) may jointly predict increased mortality rates in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Therapy with statins reduces lipid levels but may also have other beneficial (eg, antiinflammatory) effects. This study prospectively evaluated the effect of statins on CMV-and CRP-associated death ...
Sdringola Stefano - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine if combined intense lifestyle and pharmacologic lipid treatment reduce myocardial perfusion abnormalities and coronary events in comparison to usual-care cholesterol-lowering drugs and whether perfusion changes predict outcomes. BACKGROUND: Lifestyle and lipid drugs separately benefit patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: ...
Schmermund A - - 2003
Summary. Arteriosclerotic disease develops over the course of several decades. Currently, a number of therapies are at hand to effectively stop this process and avoid complications of arteriosclerosis. Among the non-pharmacologic options, a balanced diet and physical activity predominate. A modern dietary plan offers a variety of tasty servings rich ...
Yosefy C - - 2003
The offspring of coronary heart disease (CHD) patients are at particularly high risk for developing CHD. Endothelial dysfunction is present in the majority of CHD and atherosclerosis patients. Fish oil, rich in n-3 fatty acids has been shown to augment endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in human peripheral and coronary arteries. The aims ...
Schocke Michael F - - 2003
PURPOSE: We intended to prove that 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors or statins have a beneficial impact on the human myocardial, high-energy, phosphate metabolism. METHODS: The present study included 18 male patients (mean age 49.8 +/- 10.3) with statin-treated, familiar hypercholesterolemia (FH) and 13 male patients with untreated FH (mean ...
Superko H Robert - - 2003
Coronary atherosclerosis is the result of multiple complex metabolic disorders acting alone or in combination. Metabolic cardiology has advanced considerably in the past decade and now offers cardiologists a sophisticated approach to treating the underlying cause(s) of coronary artery disease in patients seen in invasive cardiology practices. Disorders which have ...
Dlouhý P - - 2003
AIM: To identify the total content of trans fatty acid (TFA) isomers and C18:1 trans isomers in subcutaneous fat samples from persons with atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, as an indicator of dietary exposure. METHODS: Using capillary gas chromatography, the authors determined total content of TFA isomers and C18:1 trans ...
Buller Nigel - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the short-term healthcare costs associated with intensive lipid lowering with atorvastatin initiated within 24-96 hours of the occurrence of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients in the UK. METHODS: Patient-level clinical outcome data from the Myocardial Ischaemia Reduction with Aggressive Cholesterol Lowering (MIRACL) trial and standard cost ...
Futterman Laurie G - - 2003
In the past era, we held high-grade arterial stenosis responsible for the acute complications of atherosclerosis. These concepts are being reassessed. Qualitative rather than quantitative aspects of plaques (e.g., inflammation rather than plaque size) have been established as decisive determinants of their probabilities to cause acute complications. Numerous beneficial effects ...
Bergmann A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Current studies on secondary prevention of cardiovascular events (CARE, LIPID, 4S) illustrate the necessity of an effective lipid-lowering therapy. An important part of secondary prevention is the prompt measurement of lipids following an infarct, to be able to start therapy as quickly as possible. AIMS: This study should show ...
Ashton Emma - - 2003
There are a number of theoretical reasons as to why 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) should be prescribed to patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). These agents are proven to prevent coronary heart disease, the major etiological factor in the development of CHF. Potential additional effects of these ...
Pearson Thomas - - 2003
Despite the large burden of cardiovascular disease on society, abnormal lipid levels, which are associated with an increase in coronary heart disease mortality, are not being adequately managed in many individuals. Poor patient compliance with therapeutic lifestyle changes and lipid-modifying therapies contribute to this treatment gap. If management of lipid ...
Spellman Craig W - - 2003
The relationship between increased levels of cholesterol and elevated risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) has been described in many epidemiologic and well-designed prospective trials. Since first being elucidated by the Coronary Primary Prevention Trial, reducing levels of blood cholesterol results in a corresponding reduction in CHD risk has been ...
Kontopoulos Athanasios G - - 2003
AIM: To assess the effect of atorvastatin on aortic stiffness in hypercholesterolaemic patients free of arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 36 patients (25 men and 11 women, mean age 56 +/- 12 years); 18 patients had stable coronary heart disease (CHD) and 18 were ...
Palumbo Barbara - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Higher levels of lipoprotein(a) confer an increased risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). Apo-E genotype (APO-E) also plays a role, the APO-E epsilon 4 allele being associated with CHD. Furthermore, higher Lp(a) concentrations are correlated with APO-E epsilon 4 allele presence. The study was performed to investigate the relationship ...
Rosenson Robert S - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Review the cellular mechanisms and clinical evidence for the use of statins in patients with unstable coronary syndromes. RECENT FINDINGS: Clinical trials of statin therapy in acute coronary syndromes demonstrate a rapid improvement in endothelial function, improved perfusion to ischemic myocardium, and an early reduction in cardiovascular ...
McKeown Barry - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite improvements in the early management of acute coronary syndromes, the risk of major cardiovascular complications remains high. Lipid-modifying treatment with statins has the potential to further improve outcomes through improved endothelial function, antithrombotic and antiinflammatory actions. Statins are of proven benefit in patients with stable coronary ...
McDowell A - - 2002
Oxidised low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has physicochemical properties that are pivotal in atherosclerotic plaque formation. As a consequence, antioxidant regimens may prove an important therapy in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. Since oxidised LDL is immunogenic, the aims of our study were to measure serum IgG titres to malondialdehyde-modified ...
Kaklikkaya I - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is an important risk factor in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease because of its thrombogenic and atherogenic properties. Lp(a) also displays another property by acting as an acute phase reactant. METHODS: In this work, the study group consisted of 20 male patients having coronary artery bypass ...
Burton Paul B J - - 2002
Recent evidence has demonstrated that inflammation plays an important role in the progression of coronary atherosclerosis. This review focuses on acute coronary syndromes and examines some novel therapeutic strategies aimed at manipulating the inflammatory environment in these patients in order to reduce the subsequent major adverse coronary event rate following ...
Koba Shinji - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear how closely the small dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (diameter < or =25.5 nm) is associated with various types of coronary heart disease (CHD) in Japanese patients, an ethnic group with lower serum cholesterol levels and less massive obesity compared with Western populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
LaRosa John C - - 2002
Until the recent introduction of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins), the potential effect of cholesterol lowering on the prevention of clinical manifestations of coronary disease was a matter of debate. In trials conducted before the introduction of statins, cholesterol levels were lowered, on average, by only approximately 10%, ...
Forrester James S - - 2002
Acute coronary syndromes--unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death--are caused by acute disruption of an unstable coronary atheroma. Unstable plaques have three histologic characteristics: a large lipid core, many inflammatory cells, and a thin fibrous cap. Because the unstable plaque is not necessarily obstructive, it may cause no symptoms ...
Bittner Vera - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Current National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines recommend that non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) be considered a secondary target of therapy among individuals with triglycerides >2.26 mmol/L. It is not known whether non-HDL-C relates to prognosis among patients with coronary heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Lipid levels were available at baseline ...
De Denus Simon - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical benefit of statins in the early management of acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) and their possible mechanisms of benefit. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search (1966-September 2001) was conducted using the following terms: pravastatin, lovastatin, simvastatin, atorvastatin, cerivastatin, fluvastatin, statins, hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, acute coronary ...
Koenig Wolfgang - - 2002
Inflammation is considered to play an essential role in the initiation, progression, and the final pathophysiological steps of atherosclerosis, plaque erosion or fissure, and eventually plaque rupture. Prospective studies have identified several markers of systemic inflammation that are predictors of future cardiovascular events, not only in apparently healthy subjects, but ...
Lawrence J M - - 2002
Fluvastatin was the first wholly synthetic statin to the market and is effective in reducing total and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, which translates into reductions in coronary heart disease events. The Lescol Intervention Prevention Study has established the effectiveness of the early use of statins in reducing recurrent events in ...
Veillard N R - - 2002
3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, or statins, have been described as the principal and the most effective class of drug to reduce serum cholesterol levels. Statin therapies have been shown to reduce cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction, stroke, and death, significantly, by altering vascular atherosclerosis development in patients with ...
Aronow Wilbert S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We report the incidence of new coronary events and new atherothrombotic brain infarction (ABI) in older men and women with diabetes mellitus, prior myocardial infarction, and a serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol of >/=125 mg/dl treated with statins and with no lipid-lowering drug. METHODS: The incidence of new coronary ...
Tamer L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the extent to which leptin, alone or in combination with other risk factors, may be an independent marker for myocardial infarction in a region with a high incidence of cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Leptin levels were measured by the ELISA method, while plasma ...
Laaksonen R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Impairment of coronary blood flow reserve has been shown to be an early manifestation of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease (CAD). We studied more closely the contribution of various risk factors on early deterioration of coronary function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one young, apparently healthy adults, with normal or mildly ...
Stefanadis C - - 2002
AIMS: Heat released from atherosclerotic plaques as a result of the local inflammatory process, may be measured in vivo by a thermography catheter. Statins seem to have an antiinflammatory effect which results in plaque stabilization. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of statins on plaque temperature. ...
Herrmann Joerg - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Stenting-related myocardial injury has been recognized as a frequent and prognostically important event, the extent of which depends on microcirculatory impairment in association with platelet aggregation, inflammation, and increased oxidative stress. Recent studies underscored the non-lipid-lowering effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) with antithrombotic, antiinflammatory, and ...
Augustus Ayanna S - - 2003
Long-chain fatty acids (FA) supply 70-80% of the energy needs for normal cardiac muscle. To determine the sources of FA that supply the heart, [(14)C]palmitate complexed to bovine serum albumin and [(3)H]triolein [triglyceride (TG)] incorporated into Intralipid were simultaneously injected into fasted male C57BL/6 mice. The ratio of TG to ...
Kritharides Leonard - - 2002
There is clear evidence of lipoprotein oxidation in atherosclerotic lesions. Animal studies and observational prospective human cohort studies have been interpreted as supporting a role for antioxidants in the prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD). However, firm recommendations to take antioxidant supplements to treat or prevent CHD require evidence derived ...
Koga Nobuhiko - - 2002
The goal of cholesterol-lowering therapy in hypercholesterolemic patients at high risk for recurrence of coronary heart disease (CHD) is the prevention of acute coronary syndrome by stabilization of coronary atheromatous plaque. We often encounter patients in whom it is difficult to maintain the serum cholesterol level at a desirable level ...
Leys Didier - - 2002
An important issue for stroke prevention is identification and treatment of risk factors such as hypercholesterolemia. The four reasons to test hypolipidemic agents in stroke prevention are: (i) a statistical link between elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) or decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) and ischemic stroke; (ii) a reduction in ...
Morishita Ryuichi - - 2002
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) are greatly contributed to the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, and constitute an important part of comprehensive strategies for the treatment of cardiovascular disease in the 21st century. Particularly, a strategy for preventing acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the most important complication of hyperlipidemia, is urgently ...
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