Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1470
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Saia Francesco - - 2004
We assessed the impact of long-term fluvastatin treatment on adverse atherosclerotic cardiac events (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and revascularization excluding repeat interventions due to restenosis in the first 6 months) in 847 patients (fluvastatin [n = 417] or placebo [n = 430]) with average cholesterol levels treated with stents in ...
Hennekens Charles H - - 2004
During the past decade, numerous landmark trials of statins in secondary and primary prevention and their meta-analyses have demonstrated statistically significant and clinically important reductions in myocardial infarction, stroke, and vascular death (by about one third), as well as total mortality (by about one fifth). In the past year, two ...
Davignon Jean - - 2004
In addition to their lipid-modulating properties, statins have a large number of beneficial cardiovascular effects that have emerged over time and that were not anticipated during drug development. The lipid and nonlipid effects act in a concerted way to reduce the ischemic burden of the myocardium and to protect it ...
Laws P E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Recent publications have highlighted the benefits of statins in non-cardiac occlusive disease but also the failure of vascular surgeons to recognise and treat the risk factors for atherosclerosis, in particular hypercholesterolaemia. The aim of this review is to clarify the current experimental and clinical evidence for the use of ...
Igarashi Keiichi - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to determine whether a single LDL apheresis would improve impaired endothelium-dependent dilation of the coronary artery in patients with hypercholesterolemia. Hypercholesterolemia is associated with impaired endothelial function, and human studies using cholesterol-lowering drugs indicate that endothelial function in the coronary arteries improves with reduction ...
Li Jian-Jun - - 2004
Inflammatory processes play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and mediate many of the stages of atheroma development from initial leukocyte recruitment to eventual rupture of the unstable atherosclerotic plaque. C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute phase reactant that reflects different degree of inflammation, has been indicated an independent ...
Walter Dirk H - - 2004
Recent trials provide a wealth of data documenting the benefit of cholesterol-lowering therapy with statins in both primary and secondary prevention. A growing body of evidence indicates that statins possess pleiotropic effects - independent of, or at least in addition to their lipid-lowering capacity, including inhibition of smooth muscle cell ...
Ronchini K R O M - - 2004
The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for patients infected with HIV has significantly prolonged the life expectancy and to some extent has restored a functional immune response. However, the premature introduction of HAART has led to a significant and alarming increase in cardiovascular complications, including myocardial infarction and ...
Seeger John D - - 2003
This investigation quantified the effect of statins on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in an observational setting where fluvastatin represented most of the statin use. The study applied propensity scores to match statin initiators to statin noninitiators and followed them for the occurrence of AMI. Serum low-density lipoprotein levels were reduced ...
Akhrass Firas - - 2003
Most observational studies indicate that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) protects women from cardiovascular disease. Two recent randomized trials, however, showed no reduction in coronary events with HRT in postmenopausal women. A randomized study evaluating subclinical atherosclerosis showed a beneficial effect of estrogen. In the current study we evaluated the association ...
Muhlestein Joseph B - - 2003
Several lines of evidence have demonstrated an association between a variety of chronic bacterial infections and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. This has led to the proposal that antibiotic therapy might be helpful in the secondary prevention of atherosclerosis. A variety of smaller pilot studies have been reported testing this hypothesis and ...
Werba José Pablo - - 2003
Statin therapy prevents the first occurrence and recurrence of coronary events and reduces cardiovascular and general mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. These compounds modulate a variety of processes involved in the pathophysiology of arteriosclerosis and vascular graft disease by lipid-dependent and lipid-independent (pleiotropic) mechanisms. As a result, statins ...
Cannon Christopher P - - 2003
While aggressive interventional therapy and anti-thrombotic therapy have revolutionized the management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS), defined as acute myocardial infarction (MI) or unstable angina (UA), long-term event rates remain high. Elevated lipids, inflammation and infection have each been implicated as additional mechanisms contributing to instability of vulnerable plaques. The ...
Wascher Thomas C - - 2003
The use of statins has been associated with substantial reductions in vascular morbidity and mortality. The Prospective Pravastatin Pooling Project (PPP) looked at the long-term safety and efficacy of statins in secondary prevention, based on pooled results from three key statin trials. PPP revealed a highly significant relative risk reduction ...
Carlquist John F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) regulates plasma lipid distribution. A polymorphism in the CETP gene (Taq1B) is associated with CETP activity, HDL concentration, atherosclerosis progression, and response to statins, and may influence cardiovascular (CV) events. We studied CETP Taq1B genotype, plasma HDL, and clinical events among all patients and ...
Cassar K - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: National cardiac guidelines recommend that patients with intermittent claudication should be managed in the same way as those with established coronary heart disease. This survey aimed to determine the attitudes of vascular consultants to risk factor management in new patients attending their out-patient clinic. METHODS: An anonymous postal questionnaire ...
El-Jack Seifeddin - - 2003
AIM: To assess secondary prevention parameters in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and correlate them with evolving treatment targets. METHODS: We audited baseline and current secondary prevention parameters in consecutive patients with established CAD who were identified retrospectively after an acute coronary syndrome (n = 48), recent coronary artery ...
Geraci Therese S - - 2003
Hypertension and hyperlipidemia are potent cardiovascular risk factors. Treatment can lower blood pressure and reduce events, but the optimal drug for initial hypertension treatment and the benefits of long-term cholesterol reduction on clinical outcomes in understudied hypertensive subpopulations were unknown. The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial ...
Marques-Vidal Pedro - - 2003
The effects of the apolipoprotein E epsilon and angiotensin-converting enzyme insertion/deletion alleles on lipid levels and hypolipidemic drug treatment was assessed in 400 men with stable angina pectoris or healed myocardial infarction and 338 healthy controls. The data indicate that epsilon4 carriers have increased total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, ...
Hernández Rafael Hernández - - 2003
Calcium antagonists are effective in hypertensive patients of all ethnic groups, irrespective of age, dietary salt intake, salt-sensitivity status or plasma renin activity profile. Some prospective studies show that the calcium antagonists, nifedipine GITS and nitrendipine, reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality at least to the same extent as the diuretics. ...
Uchida Toshihiko - - 2003
This study assessed whether progression of coronary artery atherosclerotic lesions could be predicted in the short term using various lipid profiles. In 37 patients (61.9 +/- 9.5 years) undergoing coronary angioplasty and with 6-month follow-up angiography, quantitative coronary angiography of a new or changed lesion was performed in the follow-up ...
Foody JoAnne Micale - - 2003
Statin therapy (3-hydroxy-3methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor) is beneficial for primary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients younger than age 65 years with hyperlipidemia, yet there is uncertainty about using these agents for primary prevention in octogenarians. We present the case that can be made for not treating octogenarians with ...
Kopjar Branko - - 2003
This retrospective cohort study enrolled 8,768 male Veterans Administration patients with coronary heart disease who were prescribed statins from July 1, 1999, to June 30, 2000. After 18 months of follow-up, 71% of the patients had been dispensed >or=80% of the medication. Our population's persistence in using statins was higher ...
Yokoyama Mitsuhiro - - 2003
HYPOTHESIS: The principle aim of the current study is to test the hypothesis that the long-term use of highly purified EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid: 1800 mg/day), in addition to HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, is effective in preventing cardiovascular events in Japanese patients with hypercholesterolemia. BACKGROUND: Epidemiological and clinical evidence suggest that intake ...
Cesari Maurizio - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess the proportion of high-risk coronary artery disease (CAD) patients who received lipid lowering drug treatment (LLDT) and met the LDL-Cholesterol (LDL-C) goal of 100 mg/dl defined by the third report of the U.S. National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP). METHODS: In 86% (n = 1095) of the 1268 ...
Fellin R - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Inherited hypercholesterolemias are common disorders characterised by elevated LDL-C levels and premature coronary heart disease. We have recently described a recessive form of hypercholesterolemia (autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia, ARH) in which LDL catabolism is reduced because of a mutation in the gene coding for an adaptor protein that ...
Dey Sujoya - - 2003
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis and is associated with a several-fold increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Statins and anti-platelet therapy have been unequivocally shown to be beneficial in patients with coronary artery disease, but minimal data exist on the effectiveness of these agents ...
Walter Roland B - - 2003
Neopterin, a marker of stimulated cellular immune response, is increased in unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction and possibly stable coronary artery disease. 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) have anti-inflammatory properties, but their effect on neopterin is largely unknown. Neopterin was measured in 232 patients undergoing elective coronary angiography and ...
Kinlay S - - 2003
Patients who survive an acute coronary syndrome are at much higher risk of a recurrent event within the following year than patients with stable coronary syndromes. Risk factor modification, including statin therapy, lowers the risk of recurrent events over many years, but also to reduces the high risk of an ...
Blake Gavin J - - 2003
Inflammation plays a central role in the genesis of atherosclerosis and its complications. In this regard, plasma levels of several markers of inflammation have been shown to predict risk of future cardiovascular events, including cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke. Furthermore, the predictive value of inflammatory markers is independent ...
Rhew David C - - 2003
Some studies have shown that currently available protease inhibitors (PIs) are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. We have systematically reviewed the published literature and conference abstracts for studies evaluating cardiovascular risk factors and events in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy, with and without PIs. The majority ...
Maack Christoph - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to the development of heart failure. A potential source of myocardial ROS is the NADPH oxidase, which is regulated by the small GTP-binding protein rac1. Isoprenylation of rac1 can be inhibited by statin therapy. Thus, we examined ROS and rac1 in human failing myocardium ...
Pulinilkunnil Thomas - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) mediated hydrolysis of circulating triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins provides the heart with fatty acids. The present study was designed to investigate the influence of circulating TG and their lipolysis in facilitating translocation of LPL from the underlying cardiomyocyte cell surface to the coronary lumen. METHODS: The in ...
Husereau Don R - - 2003
Ezetimibe is the first drug in a new class called cholesterol absorption inhibitors. There is no evidence that ezetimibe will reduce rates of death or hospitalization. When it is taken alone or when it is added to existing statin therapy, ezetimibe can reduce serum cholesterol in patients who have an ...
Saw Jacqueline - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Statins primarily metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) reportedly reduce clopidogrel's metabolism to active metabolite, thus attenuating its inhibition of platelet aggregation ex vivo. However, the clinical impact of this interaction has not been evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clopidogrel for the Reduction of Events During Observation (CREDO) was a ...
Tasaki Hiromi - - 2003
This article summarizes the clinical evidence for low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis to improve prognosis of patients with coronary heart disease. Regarding clinical events or angiographic parameters, most trials have revealed favorable effects on coronary artery disease. In the studies with a clinical endpoint, approximately 50% reduction in incidence of major ...
Gunduz Huseyin - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Results of the studies performed have suggested that hypercholesterolaemia and inflammation are important aetiologic factors in aortic valve stenosis (AVS). However up to now no such data has been obtained to evaluate whether these predictors may still serve as valuable tools to estimate the progression and severity of AVS. ...
Correia Luis C L - - 2003
In this randomized trial, C-reactive protein increased during the first 5 days of an acute coronary syndrome in patients treated with placebo, but this phenomenon was not observed in those randomized to atorvastatin 80 mg/day. This suggests that short-term statin therapy inhibits inflammation in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes.
Giorda C - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To compare guideline implementation and the actual delivery of secondary prevention for coronary artery disease in the cohort of Italian diabetic patients enrolled in the DAI study. METHODS AND RESULTS: The DAI study is a multicentre cohort study of the prevalence and incidence of macroangiopathic events among ...
Kervinen Helena - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: High IgA-class (but not IgG-class) Anti-Heat-shock-protein 60 antibody level is a predictor of coronary risk in dyslipidemic middle-aged men. In this paper we studied the joint effects of high Anti-Hsp60-antibody level and the classical coronary risk factors. METHODS: We used nested case-control design and logistic regression analyses. The cases ...
Langer Anatoly - - 2003
The pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes is related to erosion or rupture of vulnerable plaque leading to intracoronary thrombosis as a result of activation of the coagulation cascade and platelet aggregation. Potential benefit of hypolipidemic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibition may be related to the pleiotropic effects such as endothelial ...
Rubboli Andrea - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Disruption of the atherosclerotic plaque is a common feature of both acute coronary syndromes and balloon dilatation of coronary artery stenoses. HYPOTHESIS: The study was undertaken to evaluate whether the known association of cholesterol levels and acute coronary syndromes also exists for the occurrence of angiographically detectable endothelial disruption ...
McKenney James M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To review the current evidence for use of hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) in nontraditional lipid-related applications, including acute coronary syndromes, peripheral arterial disease, stroke, and renal disease, and to describe ongoing trials evaluating the role of statins in these conditions. DATA SOURCES: Clinical literature was identified by ...
von Baeyer H - - 2003
Atherosclerosis related cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in western societies. The clinical manifestations are chronic arterial obstructions or acute arterial occlusions in various vascular territories. The pathogenesis is only understood in part as yet. Arterial wall abnormalities, blood composition abnormalities and hemodynamic alterations are generally accepted to ...
Foody JoAnne Micale - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term prognostic importance of in-hospital total serum cholesterol in elderly survivors of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Acute care, nongovernmental hospitals in Alabama, Connecticut, Iowa, and Wisconsin. PARTICIPANTS: Four thousand nine hundred twenty-three Medicare beneficiaries from four states aged 65 and ...
Imazio M - - 2003
Largely initiated by studies among Eskimos in the early 1970s, great attention has been given to possible effects of omega-3 polyunsatured fatty acids (PUFA) in cardiovascular diseases. A series of positive effects on pathogenetic mechanisms of cardiovascular disease has been discovered from laboratory studies in cell cultures, animal models and ...
Braun Anne - - 2003
Mice with homozygous null mutations in the high-density lipoprotein receptor SR-BI (scavenger receptor class B, type I) and apolipoprotein E genes fed a low-fat diet exhibit a constellation of pathologies shared with human atherosclerotic coronary heart disease (CHD): hypercholesterolemia, occlusive coronary atherosclerosis, myocardial infarctions, cardiac dysfunction (heart enlargement, reduced systolic ...
Turk James R - - 2003
A growing body of evidence supports the hypothesis that C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker of inflammation in coronary artery disease. The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that CRP correlates with macrophage accumulation during the initial stages of coronary vascular disease. Adult male pigs were ...
Jacobson Terry A - - 2003
Combination lipid-altering regimens represent an emerging clinical paradigm to meet increasingly stringent consensus lipoprotein targets for coronary prevention. This practice, together with escalating prevalences of coronary artery disease in certain ageing (western industrial) populations, polypharmacy in the elderly and the recent voluntary market withdrawal of cerivastatin, warrants a re-examination of ...
Futterman Laurie G - - 2003
Inflammation of the coronary arterial wall plays a major role in atherosclerosis and ultimately thrombosis by contributing to vascular constriction, spasm, and thrombus formation. Measurement of hs-CRP level is a readily available laboratory blood test that serves as a gauge of coronary plaque inflammation. As a result, hs-CRP has become ...
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