Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1032
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Catalano Oronzo - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) allows quick and non-invasive evaluation both of right ventricle (RV) volume and function, which are important in many heart diseases. We have evaluated CMR intra- and interobserver reproducibility in different conditions of RV dimension and function. METHODS: We have analysed CMR exams of 45 subjects, ...
Ang Donald Swee Cheng - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In coronary artery disease (CAD), a potentially reversible factor leading to cardiac death is left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). However, LVH will only have a large impact overall in CAD if it is highly prevalent. Therefore we aimed to assess the prevalence of LVH in patients with stable, treated angina ...
López Begoña - - 2007
Inappropriate left ventricular mass is present when the value of left ventricular mass exceeds individual needs to compensate hemodynamic load imposed by increased blood pressure. The goal of this study was to investigate whether plasma concentration of cardiotrophin-1, a cytokine that induces exaggerated hypertrophy in cardiomyocytes with hypertensive phenotype, is ...
Okin Peter M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Reduction of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) has been associated with decreased cardiovascular death, stroke, myocardial infarction, and atrial fibrillation. However, whether reduction of electrocardiographic LVH is associated with decreased heart failure is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation of reduction of electrocardiographic LVH to incident heart failure. DESIGN: ...
Müller-Brunotte Richard - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and an excess in myocardial collagen. Myocardial fibrosis may cause diastolic dysfunction and heart failure. Circulating levels of the carboxy-terminal propeptide of procollagen type I (PICP), an index of collagen type I synthesis, correlate with the extent of myocardial ...
Chan Wing Chuen - - 2007
From October 1988 to March 2005, there were at least 92 autopsy cases where morbid obesity was present and/or where it was attributed to the cause of death in the coronial district of Auckland, New Zealand, a city with a population of over 1 million people. Obesity has been researched ...
Simko F - - 2007
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), despite its adaptive nature, is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Achievement of LVH regression is thus considered a principal therapeutic aim. However, regression of LVH induced by various therapeutic means may exhibit differing patterns, with variable biological implications. Inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl ...
Amer Hoda Zeinab - - 2007
Wandering or ectopic spleen is an exceptionally rare condition. Because of the abnormally long pedicle, an ectopic spleen is prone to torsion and infarction. Patients can present with abdominal pain or an acute abdomen. The incidence is over a wide age range, but it occurs with a female predominance in ...
Olcay Ayhan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are important causes of morbidity and mortality in the population. Angiotensinogen (AGT) M235T polymorphism has been associated with LVH, left ventricular dimensions, coronary artery disease and antihypertensive drug response in previous studies. We examined relationship between AGT M235T polymorphism and echocardiographic left ventricular ...
Ravassa Susana - - 2007
AIMS: To investigate whether Annexin A5 (AnxA5) is related to hypertensive heart disease (HHD) and whether this relation is dependent of apoptosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Hypertensives without cardiac abnormalities (stage A), with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) (stage B), and with LVH and clinical manifestations of chronic HF (stage C), were ...
Lemos Marcelo M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular mortality is high among patients with chronic kidney disease. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a simple method used for arterial distensibility evaluation. Few data are available concerning PWV in pre-dialysis patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between PWV and cardiovascular disease in pre-dialysis. ...
Meyer Chris - - 2007
Cardiomyopathy is an important and frequently life limiting manifestation of Friedreich's ataxia (FA), the most prevalent form of autosomal recessive ataxia. Left ventricular mass is used as primary outcome measure in recent intervention studies but systematic analyses of FA cardiomyopathy are sparse. To assess cardiac hypertrophy by cardiac magnetic resonance ...
Atchley Allen E AE - - 2007
The athlete's heart is a constellation of cardiac morphologic changes, including increased left ventricular volume, increased left ventricular mass, increased left atrial volume, and right ventricular structural changes as a physiologic response to exercise training. These structural changes fall within the normal reference ranges of appropriately matched control subjects for ...
Salles Gil F - - 2007
The relation between left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and unfavorable cardiovascular prognosis may involve systemic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction/damage. The aim of this study was to investigate in a cross-sectional design the relationships of LVH with C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (a marker of systemic low-grade inflammation) and with microalbuminuria (a marker ...
Palmieri Vittorio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate prognostic implications of the relationships of estimated left ventricular (LV) myocardial energy expenditure (MEE) with LV systolic dysfunction, body composition, and inflammation in a population-based sample of adults without overt congestive heart failure. METHODS: Echocardiography was used to assess LV ejection fraction (EF) and MEE. ...
Bacharova Ljuba - - 2007
Electrical remodeling in advanced stages of cardiovascular diseases creates a substrate for triggering and maintenance of arrhythmias. The electrical remodeling is a continuous process initiated already in the early stages of cardiological pathology. The aim of this opinion article was to discuss the changes in electrical properties of myocardium in ...
Titomir L I - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to describe a new approach to noninvasive differential diagnosis of left and right ventricular hypertrophies (LVH and RVH) caused by the arterial or lung hypertensions. METHODS: The vectorcardiographic measurements were analyzed by means of dipolar electrocardiotopography (DECARTO) technique based upon a simplified spherical ...
Bacharova Ljuba - - 2007
Electrocardiographically detected left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and echocardiographically detected left ventricular hypertrophy are independent predictors of cardiovascular risk, both are defined as cardiac target organ damage in hypertensive patients. However, in clinical practice the preference is given to echocardiography and the discrepant electrocardiographic (ECG) findings are underestimated or even neglected ...
Sanz Javier - - 2007
Using cardiac magnetic resonance, the presence of myocardial delayed contrast enhancement (DCE) has been described in the ventricular septum at the level of the right ventricular insertion points in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, extent, and correlates of this finding. ...
Llamas Bastien - - 2007
Left ventricular hypertrophy is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. It has been proposed that hypertrophic stimuli act in great part by increasing the size of cardiomyocytes, and that the latter characteristic is a necessary condition to differentiate left ventricular hypertrophy from other benign forms ...
Asrress Kaleab N - - 2007
A 72-year-old man presented with multiple episodes of pulseless ventricular tachycardia, 10 days following an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. He had a 6-year cardiovascular history that included four neurological events and two myocardial infarctions. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed two mobile masses on the aortic valve. A transaortic surgical approach was successful ...
Mureddu Gian Francesco - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether left ventricular mass (LVM) appropriateness may be related to left atrial changes in both size and performance in arterial hypertension. METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-five hypertensive outpatients were studied by Doppler echocardiography and divided into two groups on the basis of LVM appropriateness. Left ventricular mass ...
Hughes D A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Anderson-Fabry disease is an X-linked glycosphingolipid storage disorder caused by deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase A. This leads to a progressive accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (Gb(3)) in the lysosomes of cells throughout the body that ultimately results in premature death from renal, cardiac or cerebrovascular complications. Until recently, ...
Shirai Tetsuro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Cornell product (CP) improved identification of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in the LIFE study, although its clinical significance is still unknown in Japanese hypertensive (HT) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: A standard 12-lead ECG was recorded in 265 HT and 363 normotensive cases (N). All ECGs were digitized, and ...
Schroeder Valerie A - - 2007
Intracardiac arteriovenous malformations are rare and may be associated with sudden death in adults. This case report describes an intracardiac left coronary arteriovenous malformation in a 7-year-old boy with a suspected familial cutaneous vascular malformation syndrome. The patient presented with a diastolic murmur, exercise intolerance, chest pain, and a left ...
Palmieri Vittorio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To investigate electrocardiographic (ECG) and metabolic abnormalities associated with left ventricular (LV) mass inappropriately high for workload and body size (termed 'inappropriate left ventricular mass'; ILVM) in hypertensive patients with ECG left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). METHODS: In patients enrolled in the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction (LIFE) Echocardiographic Substudy, ...
Nakahara Takao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the role of aldosterone in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and geometry in patients with untreated essential hypertension (EHT), and investigated the contribution of myocardial fibrosis to the process of LVH. METHODS AND RESULTS: The relationship of the plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) to LVH and left ...
Omland Torbjørn - - 2007
Osteoprotegerin, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, has pleiotropic effects on bone metabolism, endocrine function, and the immune system. Myocardial expression and circulating levels of osteoprotegerin are increased in heart failure. The relationship between osteoprotegerin levels in the general population and indices of left ventricular structure and ...
Flüchter Stephan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies determined the amount of epicardial fat by measuring the right ventricular epicardial fat thickness. However, it is not proven whether this one-dimensional method correlates well with the absolute amount of epicardial fat. In this prospective study, a new cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) method using the three-dimensional ...
Maniscalco M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effects of severe obesity on right ventricular function in the absence of associated cardiopulmonary disease are not well known. Right myocardial performance index (R-MPI) is an echocardiographic index to non-invasively assess the right ventricular function. The aim of our study was to assess R-MPI in individuals with severe ...
Rubattu Speranza - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Previous evidence has shown that LVH is favoured by low levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), independently from blood pressure (BP), in hypertension. Although levels of natriuretic peptides are known to be lower in obesity, plasma ANP levels ...
Aznaouridis Konstantinos A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Left ventricular hypertrophy is a major risk predictor in hypertensive patients and its regression is beneficial in terms of prognosis. The aim of this observational, open-labeled study was to investigate the effect of left ventricular geometry and dipping pattern on left ventricular mass reduction after chronic treatment with angiotensin-converting ...
Whitehead Daisy L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Type-D or "distressed" personality and depression following admission for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have been associated with poor clinical outcome. The biological pathways underpinning this relationship may include disruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis. We therefore assessed cortisol output in patients who had recently suffered from ACS. METHOD: Salivary ...
Galderisi Maurizio - - 2008
Our experience underscores the ability of hand-held echocardiography to identify the association between aortic root dilation and left ventricular mass in a population-based screening among normotensive and hypertensive participants of "The Heart in the City", a project designed to detect pre-clinical echocardiographic markers of heart failure by hand-held echocardiography.
Ferencik Maros - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Heart transplant recipients present a challenge to cardiac multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) imaging due to high resting heart rates and body mass indices. Previous studies demonstrated the feasibility of coronary allograft vasculopathy detection by MDCT in heart transplant recipients. However, its performance in assessing cardiac structure and function in ...
Murakami Takayuki - - 2007
A 66-year-old man was referred to our hospital with chest discomfort and shortness of breath. Seven months previously he had undergone a laparoscopic left nephroureterectomy for a left renal pelvic tumor and was given two cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy (methotrexate, epirubicin and cisplatin). Echocardiogram showed an 8-mm sized mass extending ...
Kilickap Mustafa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increased left ventricular mass (LVM) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and may be used for risk stratification. Two-dimensional echocardiography, the most commonly used technique for estimation of LVM, uses the third power of the left ventricular internal diameter (LVID) for the calculation. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Morris Thomas - - 2007
Supernova 1987A, the first naked-eye supernova observed since Kepler's supernova in 1604, defies a number of theoretical expectations. Its anomalies have long been attributed to a merger between two massive stars that occurred some 20,000 years before the explosion, but so far there has been no conclusive proof that this ...
Maison Patrick - - 2007
CONTEXT: Acromegaly can be complicated by cardiomyopathy. Treatment with somatostatin analogs has been shown to improve some cardiac parameters, but most published clinical trials involved few patients and were not randomized or controlled. In addition, their results are rather variable. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to conduct a ...
Leibowitz David - - 2007
Clinical echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is generally performed by measuring wall thickness alone (WT). The objective of this study was to compare the assessment of LVH using the measurement of WT to that using indexed LV mass. Hypertensive patients underwent echocardiography with the measurement of LV WT ...
Koçak H - - 2007
A 47-year-old male was admitted to our clinic with the complaints of chest pain, limitation of cervical movements, progressive dyspnea, and painless cervical mass. The cervical mass dimensions were approximately 15 x 20 x 25 cm. Laboratory studies revealed a recurrent hyperthyroid state. After the thyroid hormones were maintained in ...
Avdić Sevleta - - 2007
T Diastolic dysfunction is very frequent and is actually sign of manifest heart weakness. Over 40% of patients with heart weakness have isolated left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD). New diagnostics methods as Doppler Echocardiography with close monitoring enables precise and early LVDD diagnose. In all diastolic phases artery hypertension weakens ...
McCann Gerry P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess the presence and extent of delayed contrast enhancement of ventricular myocardium in pulmonary artery hypertension. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients (age, 45.6 +/- 13 years; 13 New York Heart Association class III) with pulmonary artery hypertension (11 idiopathic, four systemic sclerosis) ...
Marzullo Paolo - - 2007
CONTEXT: In Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), an altered GH secretion has been related to reduced cardiac mass and systolic function when compared with controls. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to evaluate the cardiovascular response to GH therapy in adult PWS patients. STUDY PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen obese PWS adults (seven males ...
Imren Yildirim - - 2007
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published in Heart Lung Circ, 16 (2007) 116-117, doi:10.1016/j.hlc.2006.12.002. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn.
Inas Abdul-Sattar Saad
The present research evaluated the progression of left ventricular structural and functional changes in children and adolescent patients with type I DM and the effect of glycemic control on these changes. A Prospective, case-controlled, observational study was carried out in tertiary referral hospital in Holly Makkah-KSA including 135 young patients ...
Meijs M F L - - 2007
Observational studies have identified left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) as a strong, independent risk factor for the development of heart failure (HF), coronary heart disease and stroke. LVH develops in response to hemodynamic overload. Classical conceptualization has it that LVH would start as an adaptive, beneficial response in order to normalize ...
Marano Giuseppe - - 2007
In response to an increased afterload, the myocardium undergoes a complex adaptation by which wall stress is normalized and cardiac output is maintained. Although the consensus suggests that the increase of the myocardial mass is a necessary adaptive process to accommodate the increased workload, there is growing evidence that hypertrophy ...
Grothues F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare total left ventricular mass assessment using steady state free precession (SSFP) and inversion recovery fast gradient echo (IR GRE) imaging and further to assess the influence of contrast dosage on mass by IR GRE and its implications on relative infarct size assessment with both methods. METHODS: Forty-three ...
Anderson Robert H - - 2007
Of late, it has become fashionable in the surgical literature to describe the ventricular mass as though arranged in the form of a continuous myocardial band, which starts at the aorta and ends at the pulmonary trunk. On the basis of this concept, its supporters have produced revisionist accounts of ...
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