Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1034
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Ferri Claudio - - 2008
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) detected by ECG has been shown to be associated with a higher prevalence of ventricular arrhythmias in members of the general population, in a case-control series of hypertensive patients and in never-treated hypertensive patients. In-keeping with this, it has been observed that hypertension-induced LVH increases the ...
Ngosuwan, Jantra
An eleven year old, spayed female French bulldog with pituitary-dependant hyperadrenocortism with a cardiac murmur and gallop rhythm presented with dyspnea, tachypnea, adventitious lung sounds, and weak pulses. Pleural effusion and a heart-based mass were demonstrated via radiography and echocardiography. The dog died while receiving supportive care. Necropsy and histopathology ...
Kunisek Juraj - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the correlation between the prevalence of ventricular arrhythmias (VA) and the type and degree of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertensive patients using exercise testing and Holter monitoring. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 192 patients (87 men and 105 women) without coronary disease were divided into ...
Palecek Tomas - - 2008
The aim of the study was to describe right ventricular (RV) structural and functional changes in Fabry disease (FD). A detailed echocardiographic examination was performed in 58 patients with proven FD (mean age 40 +/- 16 years, 24 men). RV hypertrophy (RVH) was present in 40% of affected subjects with ...
Lima Carmen S P - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) have been successfully used for patients with cardiac dysfunction after myocardial infarction. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate cardiac effects of ACEi in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients, as there are no previous reports regarding these effects. METHODS: Enalapril was administered ...
Valensise Herbert - - 2008
Because early and late preeclampsia (PE) are thought to be different disease entities, we compared maternal cardiac function at 24 weeks gestation in a group of normotensive asymptomatic patients with subsequent development of early (<34 weeks gestation) and late (>or=34 weeks gestation) PE (blood pressure >140/90+proteinuria >300 mg/dL) to detect ...
Selthofer-Relatić Kristina - - 2008
Obesity is directly and strongly associated with hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Development of LVH is multifactorial, caused both by haemodynamic and non-haemodynamic factors. Hypertension is the main haemodynamic factor. Humoral mechanisms, as a non-haemodynamic factor for LVH development, have not been completely explained. The aim of this study ...
Lee Min Joung - - 2008
A 37-year-old woman presented with a 2-month history of fullness and ptosis of the left upper eyelid. Examination revealed a 6-cm x 2-cm mass in the left brow and upper eyelid, and a diffuse mass in the lower eyelid. Marked ptosis of the left upper eyelid and elevation of the ...
Lieb Wolfgang W Framingham Heart Study, Boston University School of Medicine, Framingham, MA 01702-5803, - - 2009
Increasing evidence indicates that cardiac structure and function are modulated by the nitric oxide (NO) system. Elevated plasma concentrations of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA; a competitive inhibitor of NO synthase) have been reported in patients with end-stage renal disease. It is unclear if circulating ADMA and L-arginine levels are related to ...
Bjørnstad Hans H - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The long-term outcome and clinical significance of athlete's heart has been debated and more longitudinal data are needed. We present a prospective 15 years' follow-up study of ECG and echo findings in elite endurance athletes following the end of their competitive career. METHODS: Clinical evaluation, ECG, ambulatory Holter recording ...
Toro Rocio - - 2009
Fabry cardiomyopathy (FC) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). The aim of this study is to determine whether early changes revealed by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) are useful for detecting preclinical cardiac abnormalities in patients with this X-linked genetic disorder. If so, this tool could help in deciding whether ...
Janik Matthew - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Accurate quantification of left ventricular mass and ejection fraction is important for patients with left ventricular hypertrophy. Although cardiac magnetic resonance imaging has been proposed as a standard for these indices, prior studies have variably included papillary muscles and trabeculae in myocardial volume. This study investigated the contribution of ...
Prisant L Michael - - 2008
Inhibition of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activity using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) is beneficial in patient populations with left ventricular dysfunction or systolic heart failure (HF) and other forms of heart disease. In high-risk patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), treatment with these agents reduces the ...
Levine Jami C - - 2008
Infantile Pompe disease (glycogen storage disease type 2) is a fatal disorder caused by deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase. This deficiency results in glycogen accumulation in the lysosomes of many tissues including cardiac muscle. The disease is characterized by profound hypotonia, poor growth, organomegaly, and cardiomegaly. Severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy often is ...
Muiesan Maria Lorenza - - 2008
Assessment of appropriateness of left ventricular mass (LVM) for a given workload may better stratify hypertensive patients. Inappropriate LVM may reflect the interaction of genetic and neurohumoral factors other than blood pressure playing a significant role in myocardial growth. Primary aldosteronism (PA) represents a clinical model useful in assessing the ...
Sung Anthony D - - 2008
A 71-year-old man with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) presented with intracavitary cardiac involvement detected incidentally on surveillance computed tomography. Tumor with associated thrombus was found to extend from the liver through the inferior vena cava into the right atrium. This intracardiac mass prolapsed intermittently into the right ventricle, causing functional tricuspid ...
Toumpoulis Ioannis K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) can itself contribute to increased rates of cardiovascular events. We sought to determine the impact of LVH on in-hospital and long-term mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Between 1992 and 2003, 4140 consecutive patients underwent CABG. Long-term survival data (mean follow-up 7.0 years) ...
Caselli Stefano - - 2008
In clinical practice, differential diagnosis among different forms of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is not always easy, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) can be misdiagnosed. In this study, it was hypothesized that a 3-dimensional echocardiographically derived index of LV regional mass distribution could be useful in differentiating HC from other forms ...
Cridlig Joëlle - - 2008
In kidney transplant (KT) recipients, cardiac impact of the persistence of an asymptomatic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for hemodialysis has not been fully elucidated. Seventy-six patients (mean age: 49 years) without history of diabetes or cardiovascular disease underwent an echocardiography. Thirty-eight had a functioning AVF and were match-paired for age, gender ...
Radulescu D - - 2008
AIM: The value of conventional radiology, electrocardiography and echocardiography in estimating the prevalence of left ventricular (LV) remodeling patterns in patients with newly discovered hypertension was less studied. The aim of the present study was to assess the accuracy of conventional radiology and electrocardiography compared to echocardiography in the diagnosis ...
Gouya Hervé - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to use a single-breath-hold T2-mapping MRI sequence to evaluate the reversibility of myocardial edema in patients treated for acromegaly. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Before and after treatment, 15 patients with acromegaly underwent myocardial T2 mapping with an experimental single-breath-hold black-blood fast spin-echo sequence. Myocardial ...
Lim Eric E Department of Cardiac Surgery, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, United - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term profile and determine the factors that would influence the effect and rate of ventricular mass regression with time after aortic valve replacement with a stentless or a homograft valve. We studied 300 patients during a 10-year period with at least ...
Colao Annamaria - - 2008
BACKGROUND: GH and IGF-I affect cardiac structure and performance. In the general population, low IGF-I has been associated with higher prevalence of ischaemic heart disease and mortality. Both in GH deficiency (GHD) and excess life expectancy has been reported to be reduced because of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To review the ...
Abdelmoneim Sahar S - - 2008
Emerging applications of myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) include the evaluation of myocardial perfusion, the improvement of the definition of intracavitary structures, and evaluation of the relative perfusion of a cardiac mass. We present a case of a patient that was found incidentally to have a cardiac mass on transthoracic echocardiography. ...
Schaefer Franz - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Studies in pediatric populations may provide sensitive insights into the prevalence, evolution and underlying mechanisms of cardiovascular complications of chronic kidney disease, without confounding factors such as aging and diabetes. This review reflects on recent echocardiographic studies assessing left-ventricular mass, geometry and function in children with mild-to-moderate ...
Finlay Dewar D - - 2008
A lead selection algorithm was applied to find optimal recording sites for limited lead body surface potential maps. The studied population consisted of a set of 117 lead body surface potential maps recorded from 744 subjects (229, normal; 278, with myocardial infraction [MI]; and 237, with left ventricular hypertrophy [LVH]). ...
Biffi Alessandro - - 2008
The aim of this study was to analyze the relation between the magnitude of training-induced left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and the frequency and complexity of ventricular tachyarrhythmias in a large population of elite athletes without cardiovascular abnormalities. Ventricular tachyarrhythmias are a common finding in athletes, but it is unresolved as ...
Bro Susanne - - 2008
Kidney dysfunction is often associated with cardiac left ventricular hypertrophy and increased cardiovascular mortality. Objective. The aim of this study was to find out whether this reflects direct effects of uraemia on the heart or is dependent on accompanying hypertension. Material and methods. Apolipoprotein-E (apoE)-deficient C57BL/6 mice are resistant to ...
Pettersen Michael D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Decision making in the care of pediatric patients with congenital and acquired heart disease remains reliant on detailed measurements of cardiac structures using 2-dimensional echocardiography. Calculated z scores are often used to normalize these measurements to the patient's body size. Existing normal data in the literature are limited by ...
Ippisch Holly M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in cardiac geometry, systolic and diastolic function before and after weight loss in morbidly obese adolescents. BACKGROUND: Cardiac abnormalities are present in morbidly obese adolescents; however, it is unclear if they are reversible with weight loss. METHODS: Data from 38 ...
Ang D S C - - 2008
In coronary artery disease (CAD), a potentially reversible factor leading to cardiac death is left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). While the electrocardiogram (ECG) is a widely available way to diagnose LVH, its sensitivity and specificity has never been assessed in this particular patient group where added ischaemic changes on ECG might ...
Choy Jenny Susana JS Indiana University-Purdue University, 635 Barnhill Drive, MS 2069, Indianapolis, IN 46202, - - 2008
There is no doubt that scaling relations exist between myocardial mass and morphometry of coronary vasculature. The purpose of this study is to quantify several morphological (diameter, length, and volume) and functional (flow) parameters of the coronary arterial tree in relation to myocardial mass. Eight normal porcine hearts of 117-244 ...
Tan Hong-wei - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The influence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) on left ventricular synchronicity, and the prevalence of left ventricular dyssynchrony in hypertensive patients with LVH are unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of LVH on left ventricular synchronicity in hypertensive subjects. METHOD: Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) ...
Alhakeem Mouhsen - - 2008
Cardiac metastatic squamous cell laryngeal carcinoma is rare. We report the case of a 49-year-old man with recurrent squamous laryngeal carcinoma presenting with right leg acute ischaemia and large mobile right and left cardiac masses. The patient has history of laryngeal squamous cell cancer surgically treated with total laryngectomy, thyroidectomy, ...
Suwanjutah Thouantosaporn - - 2008
We describe an adult patient with a primary left atrial leiomyosarcoma in whom live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography showed echolucent areas within the mass consistent with necrosis or hemorrhage surrounded by dense band-like echo densities indicative of fibrosis or collagen giving a "doughnut" like appearance. These findings were consistent with ...
Limongelli Giuseppe - - 2008
Because it is unclear whether the genotype may influence the clinical course in patients with LEOPARD syndrome (LS), we analyzed clinical and molecular predictors of adverse cardiac events in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). A comprehensive cardiovascular evaluation, including baseline electrocardiogram, echocardiography, exercise test and 24 hr Holter monitoring ...
Takenaka Toshihiro - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Fabry disease is caused by deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A, and typically causes multi-organ dysfunction. Patients with manifestations limited to the heart, mainly left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), have been reported as a disease variation. We have reported a 3% prevalence of this cardiac variant in men with LVH, which we ...
Gandy Stephen J - - 2008
AIM: Quantitative MRI assessments of cardiac structure and function are possible and potentially useful for longitudinal clinical monitoring. The aim of this study was to compare the magnitude and repeatability of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and mass (LVM) measurements in patients with clinically distinct cardiac conditions. MATERIALS AND ...
Yalçin Fatih - - 2008
It has been shown that systolic excursion of the mitral annulus (MA) correlates well with left ventricular (LV) systolic function. Evaluation of the complicated shape and dynamics of the mitral annulus, however, may require rigorous methodology. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in MA motion between hypertrophic ...
Sai Naresh V
A patient of severe chronic renal failure presented with hyperkalemic electrocardiographic (ECG) changes and hyperkalemia.Following a session of hemodialysis, when he reverted to normokalemia, the repeat ECG revealed left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Thus we confronted with a situation of hyperkalemia, masking the LVH on ECG initially and when the hyperkalemia ...
F. Buba
&lt;p&gt;The objective of the study was to assess the relative contributions and benefits of chest radiogram and electrocardiogram in detecting left ventricular hypertrophy among adult hypertensives. Seventy consecutive, newly diagnosed hypertensive patients with forty age and sex comparable healthy controls were recruited for the study at the University of Maiduguri ...
Valocik G - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify any associations between left ventricular function and obesity using clinical two-dimensional echocardiographic and Doppler studies. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 260 consecutive clinical echocardiographic findings. Key echocardiographic variables of systolic and diastolic function were related to various degrees of body mass index. RESULTS: In ...
Bro Susanne - - 2008
Kidney dysfunction is often associated with cardiac left ventricular hypertrophy and increased cardiovascular mortality. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to find out whether this reflects direct effects of uraemia on the heart or is dependent on accompanying hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Apolipoprotein-E (apoE)-deficient C57BL/6 mice are resistant to ...
Sai Naresh V V - - 2008
A patient of severe chronic renal failure presented with hyperkalemic electrocardiographic (ECG) changes and hyperkalemia. Following a session of hemodialysis, when he reverted to normokalemia, the repeat ECG revealed left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Thus we confronted with a situation of hyperkalemia, masking the LVH on ECG initially and when the ...
Zagrosek Anja - - 2008
Myocardial edema is a substantial feature of the inflammatory response in human myocarditis. The relation between myocardial edema and myocardial mass in the course of healing myocarditis has not been systematically investigated. We hypothesised that the resolution of myocardial edema as visualised by T2-weighted cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is associated ...
Agabiti-Rosei Enrico - - 2007
In hypertension, Left ventricular hypertrophy is initially a useful compensatory process that represents an adaptation to increased ventricular wall stress; however, it is also the first step toward the development of overt clinical disease. For this reason most international guidelines recommend the assessment of cardiac target organ damage in hypertensive ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2007
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a cardinal manifestation of organ damage in patients with arterial hypertension. Identifying LVH is a fundamental step in evaluating hypertensive patients, because clinical and epidemiologic studies have shown this condition has a strong independent adverse prognostic significance. LVH is an integrated marker of cardiovascular risk, ...
Yamazaki Tadashi - - 2007
A randomized and prospective study was designed to prove the efficacy of angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) in the amelioration of myocardial impairment in hypertrophic nonobstructive cardiomyopathy (HNCM). Nineteen consecutive patients with HNCM were randomly assigned to two groups and then underwent cine magnetic resonance evaluation of left ventricular mass ...
Venckunas T - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of training and echocardiographic left ventricular indices with competitive results in distance running. Echocardiography was performed on 53 male sub-elite runners. Training parameters and competitive results in races from 800 m to marathon were also analysed. Simple correlation analysis revealed ...
Ogimoto Akiyoshi - - 2007
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is primarily or secondarily caused by a cardiovascular or systemic disease. The pattern of LVH is distinctive in hypertrophic or metabolic cardiomyopathy and differs from that seen in LVH caused by hypertension or aortic stenosis. A 42-year-old Japanese man had LVH similar to that with hypertrophic ...
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