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Patange Amit R - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease currently is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Abnormalities in arterial compliance, increased left ventricular mass, and diastolic dysfunction are some of the recognized cardiovascular complications observed in these patients. This study explored the relationship between various parameters of calcium-phosphorus ...
Zhang Li - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical studies suggest preoperative anemia may increase mortality and morbidity after cardiac surgery. Anemic patients are potentially even more vulnerable in the setting of a recent myocardial infarction (MI). The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of preoperative anemia on short-term outcomes after coronary bypass ...
Chen Ran - - 2012
A novel echocardiographic method, vector flow mapping (VFM), acquires velocity vector from color Doppler velocity data. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether VFM could provide useful information on intracardiac flow and helpful to evaluate left ventricular (LV) function. Thirty-eight patients with uremia undergoing hemodialysis and 30 healthy ...
Halvorsen Sigrun - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Both pharmacological and invasive treatment might influence the inflammatory and pro-thrombotic responses observed in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to study whether circulating levels of inflammatory and pro-thrombotic markers differ in STEMI patients treated with early angioplasty compared to standard therapy following thrombolysis. Furthermore, we wanted to ...
Saitoh Takeji - - 2012
The geometries and sizes of persistent iatrogenic atrial septal defects (IASDs) after transseptal puncture during catheter-based mitral valve clip insertion (MVCI) have not been detailed. In this study, 11 IASDs were investigated in 10 patients who underwent MVCI using a guide catheter (24Fr proximally and 22Fr at the atrial septum). ...
Yao Yan - - 2012
The transseptal puncture technique has been widely used in therapeutic left atrium catheterization. But this technique may lead to some life-threatening complications. It can not be used widely because it is restricted by economy and deferring the transseptal puncture procedure. The aim of this study was to introduce a simple ...
Barold S Serge - - 2012
Background: We report three patients with St Jude ICDs (St. Jude Medical, Sylmar, CA, USA) where some aspect of the marker channel was missing. Methods and Results: Two cases were caused by the simultaneous occurrence of two distinct cardiac or device events that affected the proper delivery of markers by ...
Blażejewski Jan - - 2012
A 57 year-old female was admitted for chronic heart failure (HF) with NYHA class IV symptoms. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed ruptured left ventricular (LV) lateral and posterior wall between their basal and middle segments resulting in giant, round pseudoaneurysm formation with a diameter of 12 cm. Bidirectional flow through a 2.9 ...
Ing R J - - 2012
'Cardiomyopathy' (CM) is defined by the World Health Organization as 'a disease of the myocardium associated with cardiac dysfunction'. In a child, it is associated with a significant risk for anaesthesia. In addition, cardiac arrest under anaesthesia has been attributed to an undiagnosed CM. Care of these patients is complicated ...
Murakami Masanori - - 2012
We report a 65-year-old woman with isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency. The patient was transported to the emergency outpatient department by ambulance complaining of malaise and nausea. Because her laboratory data revealed hyponatremia, we performed endocrinological examinations and diagnosed isolated ACTH deficiency. After admission, she went into a delirious state ...
Mueller Goetz Christoph - - 2012
Introduction. Anemia is prevalent in adult heart failure patients and appears to be an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this work is to determine the prevalence of anemia in children with heart failure from dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and to evaluate its influence on morbidity and ...
Kanko Muhip - - 2012
Various types of markers have been used so far in order to reveal myocardial perfusion defect. However, these markers usually appear in the necrosis phase or in the late stage. Having been the focus of various investigations recently, ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) is helpful in establishing diagnosis in the early stages ...
Das Archita - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains one of the major killers in modern society. One strong risk factor of CVD is cigarette smoking that causes myocardial injury and leads to the genesis of pathological cardiovascular events. However, the exact toxic component(s) of cigarette smoke (CS) and its molecular and cellular mechanisms for ...
Ferratini Maurizio - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Inflammatory and vascular markers have proved to be predictors of outcome in myocardial infarction and heart failure. We evaluated several circulating markers of cardiac stress, inflammation, and endothelial function to investigate their ability to predict short-term functional recovery and long-term clinical outcome in heart surgery patients undergoing inpatient rehabilitation. ...
Bode Edmund - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and gamma-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) with traditional risk markers for estimating prognosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Evaluation of mortality and a combined clinical endpoint (mortality, need ...
Sato Yukihito - - 2011
In industrialized countries, chronic heart failure (HF) is a major illness and cause of death. However, because of the paucity of specific clinical manifestations of HF, its early diagnosis and management might be challenging. Therefore, biochemical markers of HF are now being closely scrutinized. An ideal biochemical marker should be ...
Buszman Piotr P - - 2012
The reperfusion injury (RI) remains a significant limitation of primary PCI, therefore we evaluated the role of intracoronary abciximab and bivalirudin for anticoagulation on myocardial salvage and RI in the porcine model of ischemia/reperfusion. Myocardial infarction was induced in 23 pigs by 60-minute over-the-wire (OTW) balloon occlusion of the LAD. ...
Ağaç Mustafa Tarık - - 2011
Aims: There is limited data on alterations in novel right ventricular (RV) function indices like tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and tricuspid annular systolic velocity (TASV) after transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure. We aimed to evaluate RV function by echocardiography (ECG) with these novel indices in early period ...
Rinat Choni - - 2011
Myocardial damage and strain are common in children with chronic renal failure. The most prevalent pathologies, as defined by echocardiography, are left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), diastolic and systolic dysfunction, and altered LV geometry. Troponin I and T, as well as B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and its cleavage fragment NT-proBNP, are ...
van der Hulst Annelies E - - 2011
AIMS: Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) enables assessment of velocities and timings within the left (LV) and the right (RV) ventricle with high temporal resolution. Knowledge on normal age-related values of peak systolic velocities and timings in healthy children may optimize the benefit of device-based therapies in paediatric patients with heart ...
Kim June-Hong JH Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine and Research Institute for Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology, Pusan National University Yangsan - - 2012
We assess microvascular integrity as a marker of myocardial viability after coronary stenting, using only a pressure guidewire. Microvascular integrity generally is not assessed using pressure-only guidewires because the transducer lies upstream of microvasculature. We partially inflate a balloon inside a coronary stent to achieve a specific normalized pressure drop ...
Kwon Jee Eun - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is an indicator of atherosclerotic cardiovascular risks. To identify patients with coronary atherosclerosis before the onset of angina pectoris or myocardial infarction will be desirable. METHODS: We measured the ankle-brachial index and baPWV in 150 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Virtual histology ...
Lembcke Alexander - - 2011
We evaluated the precision of helical MDCT for the quantification of mitral valve stenosis (MVS) compared with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and cardiac catheterization. A total of 28 patients with MVS of differing severity underwent an ECG-gated contrast-enhanced MDCT scan. The mitral valve area (MVA) was determined planimetrically by MDCT and ...
Pacileo Giuseppe - - 2011
Left ventricular (LV) twist and untwist play a major role in LV mechanics. We sought to acquire new pathophysiological insights in cardiomyopathies (CM) studying LV twist dynamics by speckle tracking imaging (STI). Standard echo-Doppler and STI study were performed in 67 CM patients divided in four age- and sex-matched subgroups: ...
Martínez-Comendador José - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Elevations of myocardial injury biomarkers after cardiac surgery without ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) are related to perioperative myocardial ischemia and associated with an increased risk of mortality and cardiac events. However, there have not been any studies that examined the release of cardiac biomarkers after AF cryoablation procedures ...
Lu Jing - - 2011
The aim of this study was to make an intuitive visualization of intraventricular convection (IC) and quantification of intraventricular convection velocity (ICV) in acute ischemic left ventricular (LV) failure of open-chest canines during early diastole contrast to the baseline conditions using color Doppler-based echocardiographic vector flow mapping (VFM). The animal ...
Logar Helena Barbara Zobec - - 2011
The aims of this study were to determine the characteristics of the apex beat in the full left lateral position in healthy adults, and to assess its value in the diagnosis of left ventricular dilatation. 77 healthy adults and 27 patients with left ventricular dilatation were evaluated by history, physical ...
Krum Henry - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is a common and increasing public health problem. Myocardial fibrosis is a key pathological feature of HFPEF. Peripheral collagen markers may reflect this excess fibrosis; however, the relation of these markers to prognosis in HFPEF patients has not as yet been determined. ...
Woo Jong Shin - - 2011
The prognostic value of biochemical markers and the resolution of ST-segment elevation on electrocardiogram are well established. However, how a combination of these two tools affects the evaluation of risk stratification has not yet been evaluated. Between January 2006 and June 2008, 178 consecutive patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary ...
Wang Qi - - 2011
Creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and myoglobin (Mb) are biochemical markers of myocardial injury; however, Mb is more abundant in skeletal muscles. The present study involved analysis of these markers in pericardial and cerebrospinal fluids (PCF and CSF) from serial medicolegal autopsy cases (n=295, within 48h) to examine ...
Balerdi Matthew - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Aeromedical transfer can reduce transfer times for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Delays in dispatch of the helicopter and landing-reperfusion can reduce the benefits of air travel. The ad hoc nature of these transfers may compound delays. A formal aeromedical transfer service, with rapid dispatch protocols and rapid landing ...
Lau Ernest W - - 2011
Background: Transseptal (TS) endocardial left ventricular (LV) lead placement may be needed for cardiac resynchronization therapy, and often requires crossing a preformed puncture in the interatrial septum (IAS) with a lead delivery catheter inserted from an upper body vein (UBV), which can be difficult or impossible to achieve by manipulation ...
Mitrea Bogdan G BG Department of Pharmacology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 750 East Adams Street, Syracuse, NY, 13210, - - 2011
Cardiac arrhythmias are often triggered by ectopic membrane depolarization originating deep inside the myocardial wall. Here we propose a new method utilizing a novel near-infrared voltage-sensitive fluorescent dye DI-4-ANBDQBS to determine the three-dimensional (3D) coordinates of the sources of such depolarization. We tested the method in live preparations of pig ...
Dini Frank Lloyd - - 2010
Similar to power-to-weight ratio and weight-to-power ratio, which are measurements of the actual performance of any engine, the ratios of peak power output to left ventricular (LV) mass (peak power/mass) and of peak LV mass to power output (peak mass/power) are indices of LV performance potentially useful in heart failure ...
Kim Hyung Tae - - 2010
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is an arrhythmogenic cardiovascular disorder resulting from mutations in cardiac ion channels. LQTS is characterized by prolonged ventricular repolarization and frequently manifests itself as QT interval prolongation on the electrocardiogram (ECG). A variety of commonly prescribed anesthetic drugs possess the adverse property of prolonging cardiac repolarization ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2010
The prognostic importance of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) on renal impairment has not been addressed previously. We investigated whether LVH determines renal outcomes in patients with high cardiovascular risk. We retrospectively studied 6163 men with high cardiovascular risk (68 ± 13 years, 23% with coronary artery disease, 34% with diabetes, ...
Monsuez Jean-Jacques - - 2010
Although the relationships between BMI and cardiac geometry and function have been established, information remains limited on the impact of BMI, waist circumference and body composition variations over time on echocardiographic changes in ageing adults. Multiple linear regressions were used to correlate cardiac echographic parameters and baseline anthropometric data and ...
Puurtinen Merja - - 2010
Novel small and wearable electrocardiogram (ECG) devices offer new means of recording cardiac activity in different applications. Our objective was to evaluate the performance of closely separated (6 cm) bipolar leads in differentiating subjects with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) from healthy subjects. The material contained body surface ECG of 236 ...
Holloway Cameron J CJ 1 Department of Physiology, Anatomy, and Genetics, Sherrington Bldg., University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PT, UK. - - 2011
We postulated that changes in cardiac high-energy phosphate metabolism may underlie the myocardial dysfunction caused by hypobaric hypoxia. Healthy volunteers (n=14) were studied immediately before, and within 4 d of return from, a 17-d trek to Mt. Everest Base Camp (5300 m). (31)P magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy was used to ...
Bahnacy Yasser - - 2010
Atrial myxoma is the most common benign primary tumor of the heart most commonly in the left atrium (LA). Cystic or cavitated intracardiac masses are rare. We report the case of a 43-year-old male patient admitted with chest infection, hemoptysis, and severe respiratory distress, who had to be ventilated. Chest ...
Hauffa Berthold P - - 2011
Objectives: Growth hormone (GH) secretory status and GH therapy influence cardiac muscle mass and function. Most patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are GH-deficient (GHD), and are at risk to develop obesity-related cardiac problems. Few data exist on the development of cardiac dimensions under GH treatment in PWS. Study Design: In ...
Ouerghi S - - 2011
Cardiac haemangioma was first described in 1893. It is an infrequent and benign neoplasm which accounts for about 2.8% of all benign primary cardiac tumours, arising from the cardiac ventricles, valves, atria and rarely the epicardium. We report the case of a 24-year-old woman with a cardiac haemangioma detected by ...
Li Fu-Ping - - 2010
A myocardial mass was found on the left ventricle wall of a four-year-old Chinese girl diagnosed with pulmonary valve stenosis and patent foramen ovale. Surgical valvotomy and partial excision of the myocardial mass were performed, and a biopsy of the myocardial mass revealed myocardial lipomatous infiltration.
Simko Fedor - - 2010
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), despite its adaptive nature, increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Novel approaches for protection against pathological heart remodelling are presented in this supplement. Melatonin diminishes myocardial fibrosis in rats exposed to continuous light and N-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME) treatment and reduces production of endothelium-derived constricting factors in L-NAME-induced ...
Georgiopoulou Vasiliki V - - 2010
Hypertensive heart disease (HHD), a result of long-standing hypertension, is characterized by changes in the myocardial structure and function in the absence of other primary cardiovascular abnormalities. Although increased blood pressure is the initiating stimulus, neurohormonal factors, particularly the renin-angiotensin system, play a key role in remodeling of cardiac chamber ...
Rolf Tanina - - 2010
Papillary fibroelastomas (PFE) are benign endocardial masses and generally originate from the cardiac valves, while PFE arising from the ascending thoracic aorta are an uncommon clinical finding. We report the case of a 78-year-old female who presented to the emergency department with an acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. Urgent ...
Lin Yen-Hung - - 2011
Primary aldosteronism (PA) is a type of secondary hypertension with prominent left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) is the most common subtype that can be cured by adrenalectomy. To investigate left ventricular structural change after surgery and the factors associated with the degree of LVH regression in patients ...
Brunetti Natale D - - 2010
We report the case of a 56-year-old woman with effort angina, dyspnea and a septal mass causing atrioventricular block, treated with pacemaker implantation, and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (induced by septal mass protrusion into left ventricular cavity).
Mimura Imari - - 2010
AIM: In end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is common and a risk for cardiovascular events. LVH is geometrically classified into two major groups, concentric and eccentric, and accumulating evidence suggests eccentric LVH has a more negative effect than concentric LVH on ESRD outcome. However, there have ...
- - 2010
Radio-frequency ablation has proven to be an effective method for treating cardiac arrhythmias. However, a newer treatment method called cryoablation is becoming increasingly popular. In this article, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each.
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