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Results 351 - 400 of 955
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Zanglis Antonios - - 2006
A sixty five year old female patient carrying a double lumen subclavian catheter, with severe right-sided heart failure, was subjected to lung perfusion scan in order to rule out pulmonary embolism. Administration of Tc-99m macroaggregate albumin ((99m)Tc-MAA), via a double lumen (Hickman) subclavian line, resulted in trapping almost half of ...
Yeh Huai-Hua - - 2006
Cardiac myxoma is a source of emboli to the vascular tree, especially to the central nervous system. Although it is rare, its early recognition is particularly important because of its unique clinical features of subsequently leading to intracerebral or subarachnoid hemorrhage, even brain metastases, and its potential for surgical cure. ...
de Almeida Leila Azevedo - - 2006
Cerebral infarctions of cardiac etiology are observed in around 20% of patients with ischemic stroke. Cerebral ischemia is the first clinical manifestation in 1/3 of cases of atrial myxomas. Although almost half of patients with atrial myxoma show changes at neurological exam, non-hemorrhagic cerebral infarction is seen in computed tomography ...
Jó┼║wiak Sergiusz - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Tuberous sclerosis complex is an autosomal dominant disorder in which hamartomas occur in several organs. Cardiac rhabdomyomas, the most common heart tumors of childhood, are well known to be associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Our aim for this study was to characterize the incidence, progression, and clinical consequences of ...
Yin H L - - 2006
A fatal circulatory collapse developed acutely in a patient six years after orthotopic heart transplantation. Autopsy revealed a large, fresh thrombus inside the right atrium which obstructed the orifice of the vena cava completely. The grafted coronary artery and pulmonary vessels were patent. There was no rejection or acute infarct ...
Pellicelli Adriano M - - 2006
We describe one patient suffering from hepatocellular carcinoma who presented with a right atrial metastatic tumour as a result of invasion of the inferior vena cava and extension into the right atrium. Two-dimensional echocardiography disclosed the right atrium tumour and SonoVue contrast agent echocardiography was employed to assess the local ...
Ling Liu - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the useful parameters of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for the diagnosis of stroke subtypes in patients with acute cerebral infarction. METHODS: One hundred and one acute ischemic stroke patients met all of the following criteria; > or = 50 years of age, normal sinus rhythm on admission, and ...
Mansencal Nicolas - - 2006
We describe the case of a woman with acute pulmonary embolism and free-floating thrombus in the right heart. The diagnosis was performed using transthoracic echocardiography. The patient received urgent intravenous thrombolytic therapy with tissue plasminogen activator and vasoactive agent. This observation emphasizes the echocardiographic monitoring during thrombolysis in acute pulmonary ...
Kirtane Ajay J - - 2006
AIMS: The presence of residual thrombus following fibrinolytic therapy for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) may predispose to greater embolization and microvascular dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We hypothesized that even in the presence of a patent epicardial artery, residual thrombus would be associated with worsened TIMI myocardial perfusion grades (TMPG), ...
Di Valentino Marcello - - 2006
A 62 years old man with Child B liver cirrhosis, prostate cancer and a recent colon carcinoma resection was referred to our cardiology department for trans-thoracic-echocardiography (TTE) in order to establish left ventricular function before starting chemotherapy. TTE revealed a mobile mass (16 x 8 mm) attached to the anterior-medial ...
Kim Dong Hun - - 2006
Cardiac thrombus accompanies risk for peripheral embolization, either into the systemic circulation (from the left heart) or into the pulmonary arteries (right heart). In fact, the presence of peripheral emboli should prompt the search for a source within the heart. Echocardiography is the present technique of choice. Also, computed tomography ...
Gralla J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have focused on mechanical thrombectomy as a means to reduce the time required for revascularization and increase the revascularization rate in acute stroke. To date no systematic evaluation has been made of the different mechanical devices in this novel and fast-developing field of endovascular interventions. To facilitate ...
Burzotta Francesco - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), distal embolization of thrombotic material is more likely to play a key role in the pathogenesis of myocardial no-reflow during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Thus, interventional techniques able to reduce thrombus burden at the culprit vessel might improve final myocardial reperfusion. OBJECTIVE: ...
Pershad Ashish - - 2006
Primary angioplasty has emerged as the treatment of choice in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. While the timely restoration of infarct artery patency is central, close attention needs to be paid to microvascular integrity for successful restoration of normal myocardial metabolism. Clearance of thrombus burden is central to restoring normal myocardial ...
Bahlmann Edda - - 2006
This report describes a 68-year-old patient with a subacute myocardial infarction and antiphosholipid syndrome. He developed an intramyocardial dissecting hemorrhage involving the left ventricular apex and multiple left ventricular thrombus formations, documented by contrast echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging. By use of transthoracic echocardiography, spontaneous retraction of the dissecting hemorrhage ...
Yilmaz M - - 2006
We present the case of a 37-year-old male patient with a multicentric myxoma admitted to hospital with dyspnoea, syncope and chest pain. Physical examination revealed a grade 3/6 systolic murmur at the left lower sternal border and diffuse bilateral lung rales. Transthoracic echocardiography and thoraco-abdominal computed tomography revealed a right ...
Webb John - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intracoronary thrombus is often problematic during percutaneous coronary intervention. Rinspiration is a new thrombectomy catheter system designed to mechanically disrupt and remove intravascular thrombus. METHODS: Rinspiration thrombectomy was performed in 15 patients with angiographically visible thrombus in native coronary arteries (10 cases) and in saphenous grafts (5 cases). Indications ...
George K M - - 2006
Myxoma, the most common primary cardiac tumor in adults, is rare in neonates. We describe a myxoma arising from the infundibulum of the right ventricle causing significant outflow tract obstruction in an otherwise normal newborn. Serial echocardiograms revealed an increasing gradient across the right ventricular outflow tract prompting surgery. The ...
Ker J J Department of Physiology, University of Pretoria and Pretoria Heart Hospital, Pretoria, South - - 2006
Isolated left ventricular non-compaction is the result of incomplete myocardial morphogenesis, leading to persistence of the embryonic myocardium. The condition is recognised by an excessively prominent trabecular meshwork and deep intertrabecular recesses of the left ventricle. These intertrabecular recesses are prone to thrombus formation, with resultant embolic sequelae. We describe ...
Sakaguchi Masayuki - - 2006
Primary cardiac angiosarcoma is a rare tumor associated with a poor prognosis. We report a case of a 59-year-old woman with right atrial angiosarcoma presenting with cardiac tamponade due to right atrial perforation. She underwent urgent surgical resection of the tumor. However, the patient died 68 days after surgery due ...
Akyildiz Elif Ulker - - 2006
Primary tumors of the heart and pericardium are rare in autopsy series. Considering all age groups, the most common cardiac tumor is the myxoma. They may arise in any of the four chambers or, rarely, on the heart valves. About 90% are located in the atria, with the left-to-right ratio ...
Germing Alfried - - 2006
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) comprises different manifestations of coronary artery disease. Angiograms performed at the time of an ACS may present different coronary morphologies; mostly there are acute vessel occlusions, ruptured atherosclerotic plaques, or thrombotic lesions that require reperfusion therapy. In the presence of intracoronary thrombi localized in the left ...
Bodor E - - 2006
We report a case of intraoperative coronary embolism in a 52-year-old male patient undergoing mitral valve replacement. The patient had persistent atrial fibrillation and was treated with oral anticoagulants and, in spite of well controlled anticoagulation, he suffered a transient ischemic attack. No intracardiac thrombus was found by transthoracic echocardiography. ...
Mirkinson L J - - 2006
A 12-year-old male presented with a 6-week history of apparent digital vasculitis with color changes of the distal fingers and erythematous macules of the palms and soles. Physical examination revealed skin findings of Carney complex and an abnormal cardiac examination. Echocardiography demonstrated a large left atrial mass, which caused partial ...
Hirano Yasumitsu - - 2006
We report a case of surgically proved left-sided torsion of the greater omentum that caused secondary by untreated inguinal hernia. Case A 36-year-old man presented to our hospital with abdominal pain. He had been diagnosed with a left inguinal hernia, but he had not received any treatments. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography ...
Tilling Lindsey - - 2007
A 54-year old man presented with multiple pulmonary emboli and an incidental finding of a huge left ventricular thrombus. Transthoracic echo images demonstrated a globally dilated heart with very poor left ventricular function. It was elected to manage the patient medically, and he was commenced on warfarin therapy, resulting in ...
Ozaki Nobuchika - - 2006
We report a case of a giant hemangiopericytoma in the left atrium showing severe dyspnea. Preoperative echocardiogram showed the giant tumor herniating into the left ventricle during cardiac diastole. Emergency surgery was performed due to failure of hemodynamics. The tumor was identified to originate from the posterior wall of the ...
Nakata Akio - - 2006
A 72-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a renal infarction. On admission, computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen revealed total occlusion of the right renal artery, which was found to be recanalized with residual thrombus 7 days later. Transesophageal echocardiography and chest CT demonstrated crescent-shaped thrombus in the ...
Bossert Torsten - - 2006
We report the case of an 8-month-old male infant presenting with life-threatening ventricular tachycardia. Echocardiography revealed a left ventricular tumor. The tumor was resected through a left ventriculotomy, and the left ventricle was reconstructed after a partial ventriculectomy Histologic investigation showed a completely resected benign fibroma. The 30-year-old mother was ...
Chockalingam Anand - - 2006
We report 2 patients with left atrial (LA) myxoma with associated severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Both presented with progressive effort intolerance without a history suggestive of acute coronary event. LA myxoma was diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography, which also detected severe systolic dysfunction and LV dilatation. Regional wall motion abnormality ...
Recchia Francesco - - 2006
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma metastasizing to the left ventricle is an uncommon form of cardiac malignancy. This report describes a rare case of left ventricular metastases from a malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the posterior compartment of the right thigh, recurring five years after treatment with surgery, hyperthermic perfusion of the limb ...
Tibrewala Amit V - - 2006
Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy is a rare stress-related cardiomyopathy usually seen in postmenopausal women after an emotional stressor. Patients generally present with angina-like substernal chest pain. The electrocardiogram (ECG) shows ST segment elevation or T wave inversions across the anterior precordial leads. Cardiac markers are minimally elevated, without evidence of coronary artery ...
Duncan Kurt - - 2006
This is a case series on three adult patients who contain left ventricular (LV) thrombus and the incremental benefits of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE) in comparison to two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE) in evaluating LV thrombi. These cases illustrate that 3DTTE is of additional benefit by demonstrating the following: ...
Davoli Giuseppe - - 2006
Cardiac myxomas are primary cardiac tumors. In some cases of atrial myxoma, the standard left atriotomy alone does not enable safe tumor resection and easy access to the mitral valve. We report the cases of 2 patients with huge left atrial myxomas associated with severe mitral valve regurgitation who underwent ...
Duman Dursun - - 2006
In this case, we describe a 33-year-old man presenting with acute mesenteric ischemia. When we searched for a source of embolism, a giant right atrial mass and patent foramen ovale was discovered. Standard electrocardiography showed signs of an old, silent anteroseptal wall myocardial infarction, confirmed by echocardiography and left ventriculography. ...
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2006
A 65-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital due to palpitation. Electrocardiogram (ECG) showed ventricular tachycardia originating from the right ventricle, and transthoracic echocardiography revealed dilatations of the right atrium and ventricle. The diagnosis of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy was made. Eleven months later, echocardiography revealed a solid thrombus (36x32 ...
Movahed Mohammad-Reza - - 2006
We describe a patient with an acute inferior myocardial infarction. Patient was taken to the cardiac catheterization laboratory for primary angioplasty. Angiography revealed 100% occluded proximal right coronary artery (RCA). After initial balloon angioplasty of the occluded RCA, a very large mobile thrombus was seen in the proximal RCA. Despite ...
Reardon Michael J - - 2006
Primary cardiac sarcomas are rare. In such tumors, surgical resection is sometimes considered necessary to correct obstruction of flow caused by the tumor and to accomplish complete resection. The anatomic difficulties associated with large, primary, intracavitary left-sided sarcomas have led us to use cardiac explantation, ex vivo tumor resection, and ...
Buckendahl Ann-Christin - - 2006
Myocardial infarction in the context of malignant tumor disease is rare but well documented and can occur through various pathophysiological mechanisms. We report an unusual case of a patient with recurrent myocardial infarction due to coronary tumor thromboembolism as the first clinical manifestation of a previously unknown squamous cell carcinoma ...
Basarici Ibrahim - - 2006
Right sided heart thrombi are infrequent and if they are mobile they may cause serious morbidity and mortality due to massive pulmonary embolism or paradoxical embolism. Malignancies are one of the important etiological factors for right heart thrombi. A patient with operated but recurrent ovarian carcinoma, presented with symptoms of ...
Ellis Keith - - 2006
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is commonly performed to detect the presence of a left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombus in the setting of an embolic event or before an anticipated electrical cardioversion for atrial fibrillation. The predictive value of transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) findings in these patients has not been well defined. This ...
Jafary Fahim H - - 2005
"No-reflow" is an important complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the setting of acute myocardial infarction and is associated with worse outcomes. Visible thrombus on the angiogram is a significant risk factor for "no-reflow". A variety of strategies have been employed to prevent this phenomenon including intracoronary vasodilators and ...
Yamashita Atsushi - - 2006
The rapid closure of coronary arteries due to occlusive thrombi is the major cause of acute myocardial infarction. However, the mechanisms of coronary thrombus formation have not been elucidated. We immunohistochemically assessed the localizations and their changes over time of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa, fibrin, von Willebrand factor (vWF), and tissue factor ...
Ozaydin Mehmet - - 2005
A 38-year-old man presented with an acute anterior myocardial infarction (MI) and was subjected to thrombolysis. Echocardiography and cardiac catheterization revealed a mass in the left atrium that was considered to be a myxoma. The coronary arteries appeared normal on angiography. The left atrial mass was removed surgically without complication. ...
Prabhakar Anisha - - 2005
Right ventricular outflow tract obstruction secondary to an isolated organized thrombus is a rare entity. Proper diagnosis of this condition is essential for the survival of such patients. We describe the case of a middle aged woman who presented with dyspnea and decreased effort tolerance, and was managed with surgical ...
Koçak Hikmet - - 2005
Cardiac hemangiomas are rare, benign vascular tumors of the heart. Because of their clinical manifestations, diagnosis is difficult and few surgeons can draw from extensive experience. The purpose of this study was to report an additional case of cardiac hemangioma and to analyze the unexpected aspect of this disease. In ...
Mundo-Sagardía Jorge A - - 2005
Myxomas are the most common type of primary cardiac tumors. Around 70% of patients who have them are females, 86% occur in the left atrium and more than 90% are solitary. In the left atrium the usual site of attachment is in the fossa ovalis. Less common sites within the ...
Thambidorai Senthil K - - 2005
The ACUTE trial randomly assigned patients who had atrial fibrillation (AF) of >2 days' duration to a transesophageal echocardiographically guided or a conventional strategy before cardioversion. In the 571 patients who underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the ACUTE trial, we assessed the relative predictive value of baseline data derived by ...
Deetjen A - - 2005
A 71 year old man was referred for MRI investigation of the heart. He had a history of progressive dyspnea. Due to his echocardiographical findings and the known history of permanent atrial fibrillation, his cardiologist suspected atrial thrombi. MRI investigation of the heart showed a left atrial mass pedunculated at ...
Handke Michael - - 2005
The objective of the present study was to identify predictors of left atrial spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (SEC) or thrombus in patients with stroke with sinus rhythm and left ventricular dysfunction. Of 500 consecutive patients with stroke, 48 with sinus rhythm and reduced left ventricular ejection fractions (EFs) < or =45% ...
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