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Sayin Omer Ali - - 2007
Cardiac myxomas are the most common neoplasms of the heart. They can be located in any chamber of the heart but frequently in the left atrium. In this report we present a patient who had been treated for a right ventricular myxoma originating from the interventricular septum and leading to ...
Kavlak Ela Sahinbas - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of our study was to evaluate the factors leading to embolization in patients with left atrial thrombi (LAT). With this purpose, we retrospectively analyzed clinical, transthoracic, transesophageal echocardiographic data of patients with LAT in the transesophageal echocardiographic evaluation. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred ninety-two patients with LAT ...
Lee Cheng-Hung - - 2007
Patients with a left atrial (LA) thrombus are considered at high risk of thromboembolic events. Reports about thrombolytic therapy are limited and optimal guidelines are lacking. In this report, a large, pedunculated, highly mobile thrombus of the LA attached via a short stalk to the LA appendage brim in a ...
Chen Kuo-Tai - - 2007
We present a patient who visited emergency department owing to the skin manifestation of disseminated intravascular coagulation. Recent anterior myocardial infarction induced congestive heart failure and left ventricular thrombus, which were considered to be the cause of disseminated intravascular coagulation. Anticoagulant therapy with heparin and warfarin was used successfully to ...
Komatsu Sei - - 2007
A 56-year-old man was admitted because of acute myocardial infarction for 10 h of onset. Emergent coronary angiography showed a total occlusion at the middle portion of the right coronary artery. After aspirating thrombus, high-grade stenosis was present in the distal segment. Angioscopy showed only a white thrombus, but not ...
Wells T A - - 2008
The use of a mechanical device to aspirate thrombus prior to stent deployment during primary angioplasty is currently not routinely recommended as results are often disappointing. However, we report a remarkable case during which we were able to successfully aspirate a 31 mm continuous length of thrombus using an Export ...
Miller Dylan V - - 2007
Primary cardiac lymphoma is rare and is usually of the non-Hodgkin type. By definition, it involves only the heart and the pericardium, with no evidence of extracardiac disease. Primary cardiac lymphoma accounts for 1% of primary cardiac tumors and 0.5% of extranodal lymphomas [Gowda RM, Kahn RA. Clinical perspectives of ...
Vanheste R - - 2007
Primary cardiac lymphoma is rare. It can present with a wide variability of clinical symptoms frequently leading to a delay in diagnosis. We report a case of a primary cardiac lymphoma in a 85 year old woman. The MRI showed a large mass in the right atrio-ventricular groove and infiltration ...
Imren Yildirim - - 2007
It is very rare for heart tissue to give rise to a primary paraganglioma. Here, we report the observation of such a tumour in a 34-year-old woman who presented with symptoms of pulmonary venous congestion. The findings from echocardiography were consistent with the diagnosis of a myxoma that was partially ...
Margheri Massimo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Many thrombectomy devices have failed to confirm initial promising results during primary angioplasty. This may be due to device complexity and operator experience. The objective of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of the EXPORT catheter for thrombus aspiration in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction ...
Carey Brian C - - 2007
Thrombus-laden coronary lesions present a particular challenge to the interventional cardiologist. Despite the development of multiple strategies to attack this problem, lesions with angio-graphically visible thrombus still carry a high risk of complications when coronary intervention is attempted. The authors present a case of acute inferior ST elevation myocardial infarction ...
Karthikeyan Ganesan - - 2007
Stasis of blood in the left atrium (LA) due to mitral obstruction is the principal mechanism of LA thrombus formation in patients with mitral stenosis (MS). The purpose of this case-control study was to determine the additional contributions of abnormal homosysteine/folate/B12 levels, chronic inflammation and markers of a procoagulant state. ...
Roschkov Sylvia - - 2007
A variety of cardiac tumors have been acknowledged in the literature since the 16th century as rare forms of cardiac disease. Of the primary tumors, myxomas account for at least 30% to 50% of benign tumors. Despite significant advances in cardiac diagnostics leading to early recognition of myxomas, the potential ...
Fujisaki K - - 2007
A 24-year-old male first attended our hospital with acute onset of right flank pain radiating to the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. A contrast-enhanced computer tomography (CT) scan showed renal infarction, and he was admitted immediately for treatment. On admission, the right lower abdominal pain diminished gradually. On the ...
Alpesh A Patel - - 2007
Cardiac hemangiomas are rare tumors, accounting for only 2.8% of all benign primary cardiac tumors and occur at any age. Clinical presentations vary depending on the tumor location (myocardial, endocardial or pericardial). In many cases, this may be an incidental finding. We report the case of a patient with paroxysmal ...
Matsuo Yuji - - 2007
Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma (CPF) is a histologically benign tumor that can cause a significant embolic event. CPF is usually located on the endocardium, and is found on valves in 90% of cases. We experienced an unusual case of CPF situated on a left ventricular anterolateral papillary muscle. An 84-year-old female ...
Safirstein Jordan - - 2007
An incidentally discovered right atrial mass excised from the heart of a 51-year-old woman was found on pathological examination to be an epithelioid hemangioendothelioma. No further therapy was undertaken, and the patient has remained free of recurrence for 8 years. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the ...
Singh Veerpal - - 2007
Transient left ventricular apical hypokinesis results in a typical ampullary shape and has been described as Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM). We report a case of TCM with the rare complication of left ventricular thrombus formation. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging aided the diagnosis by characterizing the non-enhancing mass and evaluating the surrounding ...
Ulmer S - - 2006
Focal areas of restricted diffusion adjacent to high-grade glioma resection cavities were detected in 70% of patients on immediate postoperative MRI studies. Follow-up studies demonstrated cystic encephalomalacia in 91% of these foci, suggesting the presence of infarction, and the infarcted tissue demonstrated enhancement in 43% of cases. New postoperative deficits ...
Bussani R - - 2007
Tumours metastatic to the heart (cardiac metastases) are among the least known and highly debated issues in oncology, and few systematic studies are devoted to this topic. Although primary cardiac tumours are extremely uncommon (various postmortem studies report rates between 0.001% and 0.28%), secondary tumours are not, and at least ...
Germing Alfried - - 2006
It is well known that mobile or large left atrial myxoma may lead to valve obstruction and insufficiency, and affect transmitral valve flow. The case is reported of a 47-year-old woman with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) and huge left atrial myxoma (6?4?3 cm). Preoperatively, the MR appeared related to the ...
Bajraktari Gani - - 2006
We present the case of a 71-year-old woman with a 7-year history of a giant left atrial myxoma. The myxoma was attached to the atrial septum and occupied almost the entire left atrial cavity. The patient was hospitalized 4 times because of dyspnea on exertion, palpitations, fatigue, general asthenia, and ...
Shimada Taketoshi - - 2006
A 50-year-old woman presented with a 10-year history of swelling of the left cheek during and after meals. She regularly pushed the cheek hard to decrease the swelling by excreting the saliva. She did not have pain or fever. She also complained of bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis. Magnetic resonance ...
Reardon Michael J - - 2006
Benign cardiac tumors are resected with a high degree of success with modern cardiac surgical techniques. Malignant cardiac tumors, however, continue to pose a therapeutic challenge to cardiac surgeons and oncologists because of the technical difficulty involved in extensive cardiac resections and the aggressive biological nature of the tumors. The ...
Jost D - - 2006
Stroke after cardiac surgery is a devastating complication. We report a case of incidental diagnosis of a left ventricular thrombus in a patient scheduled to undergo coronary artery bypass grafting. The preoperative diagnosis of an apical left ventricular thrombus was assessed by a novel, whole body MRI-angiography technique (TIMRA), which ...
Knoess M - - 2007
Free floating thrombus in the ascending aorta is an uncommon source of acute myocardial infarction. We report on two cases of young women who died of acute myocardial infarction caused by a free floating thrombus in the sinus of Valsalva obstructing the coronary arteries' ostia. The first case reports on ...
Silva-Orrego Pedro - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to test the hypothesis that thrombus removal, with a new manual thrombus-aspirating device, before primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) may improve myocardial reperfusion compared with standard PPCI in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: In STEMI patients, PPCI may cause thrombus dislodgment and ...
Roth Jason E - - 2006
Acquired coronary artery to cardiac chamber fistulas are rare. Angiographically detectable neovascularization associated with a cardiac myxoma occurs frequently. These vessels are incorporated into the atrial suture line during surgical excision. We describe the case of a patient with a symptomatic right coronary artery to right atrial fistula that had ...
Sankar N Madhu - - 2006
Acute myocardial infarction is a rare form of presentation in patients with left atrial myxoma. With wider availability of echocardiography, more and more patients with atrial myxomas will be diagnosed. This report describes a patient with left atrial myxoma who presented features of acute myocardial infarction and had surgical removal ...
Zanglis Antonios - - 2006
A sixty five year old female patient carrying a double lumen subclavian catheter, with severe right-sided heart failure, was subjected to lung perfusion scan in order to rule out pulmonary embolism. Administration of Tc-99m macroaggregate albumin ((99m)Tc-MAA), via a double lumen (Hickman) subclavian line, resulted in trapping almost half of ...
Yeh Huai-Hua - - 2006
Cardiac myxoma is a source of emboli to the vascular tree, especially to the central nervous system. Although it is rare, its early recognition is particularly important because of its unique clinical features of subsequently leading to intracerebral or subarachnoid hemorrhage, even brain metastases, and its potential for surgical cure. ...
de Almeida Leila Azevedo - - 2006
Cerebral infarctions of cardiac etiology are observed in around 20% of patients with ischemic stroke. Cerebral ischemia is the first clinical manifestation in 1/3 of cases of atrial myxomas. Although almost half of patients with atrial myxoma show changes at neurological exam, non-hemorrhagic cerebral infarction is seen in computed tomography ...
Jó┼║wiak Sergiusz - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Tuberous sclerosis complex is an autosomal dominant disorder in which hamartomas occur in several organs. Cardiac rhabdomyomas, the most common heart tumors of childhood, are well known to be associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Our aim for this study was to characterize the incidence, progression, and clinical consequences of ...
Yin H L - - 2006
A fatal circulatory collapse developed acutely in a patient six years after orthotopic heart transplantation. Autopsy revealed a large, fresh thrombus inside the right atrium which obstructed the orifice of the vena cava completely. The grafted coronary artery and pulmonary vessels were patent. There was no rejection or acute infarct ...
Pellicelli Adriano M - - 2006
We describe one patient suffering from hepatocellular carcinoma who presented with a right atrial metastatic tumour as a result of invasion of the inferior vena cava and extension into the right atrium. Two-dimensional echocardiography disclosed the right atrium tumour and SonoVue contrast agent echocardiography was employed to assess the local ...
Ling Liu - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the useful parameters of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for the diagnosis of stroke subtypes in patients with acute cerebral infarction. METHODS: One hundred and one acute ischemic stroke patients met all of the following criteria; > or = 50 years of age, normal sinus rhythm on admission, and ...
Mansencal Nicolas - - 2006
We describe the case of a woman with acute pulmonary embolism and free-floating thrombus in the right heart. The diagnosis was performed using transthoracic echocardiography. The patient received urgent intravenous thrombolytic therapy with tissue plasminogen activator and vasoactive agent. This observation emphasizes the echocardiographic monitoring during thrombolysis in acute pulmonary ...
Kirtane Ajay J - - 2006
AIMS: The presence of residual thrombus following fibrinolytic therapy for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) may predispose to greater embolization and microvascular dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We hypothesized that even in the presence of a patent epicardial artery, residual thrombus would be associated with worsened TIMI myocardial perfusion grades (TMPG), ...
Di Valentino Marcello - - 2006
A 62 years old man with Child B liver cirrhosis, prostate cancer and a recent colon carcinoma resection was referred to our cardiology department for trans-thoracic-echocardiography (TTE) in order to establish left ventricular function before starting chemotherapy. TTE revealed a mobile mass (16 x 8 mm) attached to the anterior-medial ...
Kim Dong Hun - - 2006
Cardiac thrombus accompanies risk for peripheral embolization, either into the systemic circulation (from the left heart) or into the pulmonary arteries (right heart). In fact, the presence of peripheral emboli should prompt the search for a source within the heart. Echocardiography is the present technique of choice. Also, computed tomography ...
Gralla J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have focused on mechanical thrombectomy as a means to reduce the time required for revascularization and increase the revascularization rate in acute stroke. To date no systematic evaluation has been made of the different mechanical devices in this novel and fast-developing field of endovascular interventions. To facilitate ...
Burzotta Francesco - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), distal embolization of thrombotic material is more likely to play a key role in the pathogenesis of myocardial no-reflow during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Thus, interventional techniques able to reduce thrombus burden at the culprit vessel might improve final myocardial reperfusion. OBJECTIVE: ...
Pershad Ashish - - 2006
Primary angioplasty has emerged as the treatment of choice in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. While the timely restoration of infarct artery patency is central, close attention needs to be paid to microvascular integrity for successful restoration of normal myocardial metabolism. Clearance of thrombus burden is central to restoring normal myocardial ...
Bahlmann Edda - - 2006
This report describes a 68-year-old patient with a subacute myocardial infarction and antiphosholipid syndrome. He developed an intramyocardial dissecting hemorrhage involving the left ventricular apex and multiple left ventricular thrombus formations, documented by contrast echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging. By use of transthoracic echocardiography, spontaneous retraction of the dissecting hemorrhage ...
Yilmaz M - - 2006
We present the case of a 37-year-old male patient with a multicentric myxoma admitted to hospital with dyspnoea, syncope and chest pain. Physical examination revealed a grade 3/6 systolic murmur at the left lower sternal border and diffuse bilateral lung rales. Transthoracic echocardiography and thoraco-abdominal computed tomography revealed a right ...
Webb John - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intracoronary thrombus is often problematic during percutaneous coronary intervention. Rinspiration is a new thrombectomy catheter system designed to mechanically disrupt and remove intravascular thrombus. METHODS: Rinspiration thrombectomy was performed in 15 patients with angiographically visible thrombus in native coronary arteries (10 cases) and in saphenous grafts (5 cases). Indications ...
George K M - - 2006
Myxoma, the most common primary cardiac tumor in adults, is rare in neonates. We describe a myxoma arising from the infundibulum of the right ventricle causing significant outflow tract obstruction in an otherwise normal newborn. Serial echocardiograms revealed an increasing gradient across the right ventricular outflow tract prompting surgery. The ...
Ker J J Department of Physiology, University of Pretoria and Pretoria Heart Hospital, Pretoria, South - - 2006
Isolated left ventricular non-compaction is the result of incomplete myocardial morphogenesis, leading to persistence of the embryonic myocardium. The condition is recognised by an excessively prominent trabecular meshwork and deep intertrabecular recesses of the left ventricle. These intertrabecular recesses are prone to thrombus formation, with resultant embolic sequelae. We describe ...
Sakaguchi Masayuki - - 2006
Primary cardiac angiosarcoma is a rare tumor associated with a poor prognosis. We report a case of a 59-year-old woman with right atrial angiosarcoma presenting with cardiac tamponade due to right atrial perforation. She underwent urgent surgical resection of the tumor. However, the patient died 68 days after surgery due ...
Akyildiz Elif Ulker - - 2006
Primary tumors of the heart and pericardium are rare in autopsy series. Considering all age groups, the most common cardiac tumor is the myxoma. They may arise in any of the four chambers or, rarely, on the heart valves. About 90% are located in the atria, with the left-to-right ratio ...
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