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Results 201 - 250 of 956
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Al-Sarraf Nael - - 2010
Atrial myxomas are rare tumors that require surgical excision. However, in the presence of a severely calcified ascending aorta, such excision becomes rather challenging and difficult. Here we report a case of a left atrial myxoma in a 64-year-old woman with an extensively calcified aorta that was successfully excised using ...
Wiyono Stefanus A - - 2010
In this case report, a patient with a thrombus in a normal-sized and functional left ventricular is described. The thrombus was most likely formed during pheochromocytoma crisis with severe transient wall motion abnormalities.
Vizzardi Enrico - - 2010
Myxomas are the most frequent benign primary cardiac tumours (50% of benign heart tumours). This kind of tumour is most likely to be localized in the left atrium, followed by the right atrium, right ventricle and left ventricle. Quite exceptional is the presence of a myxoma originating from the tricuspid ...
Teskin Onder - - 2010
Left atrial free floating ball thrombus is a relatively rare event, especially without mitral valve disease. A 61-year-old Turkish man was admitted to our hospital with a thrombus mass in his left atrium. Five months earlier, he had undergone right bilobectomy and superior bronchoplasty due to squamous cell carcinoma in ...
Hewing Bernd - - 2010
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common disease which frequently results in life-threatening right ventricular (RV) failure. High-risk PE, presenting with hypotension, shock, RV dysfunction or right heart thrombus is associated with a high mortality, particularly during the first few hours. Accordingly, it is important to commence effective therapy as ...
Hatemi A C - - 2010
The biatrial approach has been the classic means of access for left atrial myxoma resection. Increased surgical experience led cardiac surgeons to favour the uniatrial approach to reduce incisions and achieve adequate exposure. In this study, two unilateral surgical approaches were compared in 18 consecutive left atrial myxoma cases. Patients ...
Nanjappa Manjunath Cholenahalli - - 2010
Two-dimensional echocardiography is the primary diagnostic imaging modality for the evaluation of cardiac masses. We describe an adult male suffering from acute myeloid leukemia who was detected to have right atrial and right ventricular mass on echocardiography. Based on the clinical data metastasis, coincidental primary cardiac tumor, vegetation, and thrombi ...
Leithäuser Boris - - 2010
Atrial fibrillation (AF), as the most common cardiac rhythm disturbance, gains in importance not only for the persons affected, but also for health care and social economy due to thromboembolic events, of which stroke is the most serious, disabling, and life threatening one. Cardiac embolism is due to thrombus formation ...
Bae Kyung-Ryun - - 2010
Coronary embolism is an uncommon cause of myocardial infarction. A 48-year-old male presented with typical chest pain of an MI. There was no definite ST segment change on electrocardiogram (ECG) and no elevation of myocardial enzymes. Coronary angiography (CAG) revealed occlusion of the distal left anterior descending coronary artery (dLAD), ...
Klein Hans Michael HM Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, Heinrich-Heine-University Medical School, Moorenstrasse 5, 40225 Duesseldorf, - - 2010
If traditional treatment of coronary artery disease has failed, intramyocardial transplantation of CD133+ stem cells with the potential to improve myocardial function is an alternative approach to treating ischemic cardiomyopathy. The INSTEM trial aims at evaluating safety and feasibility of isolation and subsequent intramyocardial transplantation of CD133+ cells in combination ...
Patil Harshal R - - 2010
We report a case of an extremely rare high-grade, undifferentiated cardiac sarcoma. The patient with left atrial myxoma resected 8 months ago presented with pneumonia, congestive heart failure, and subsequently diagnosed to have cardiac sarcoma. Transoesophageal echocardiogram played an important role in diagnosis of left atrial mass. High index of ...
Shaikh Ayaz Hussain - - 2009
We are reporting the case of a 48-year-old man hypertensive, and smoker presenting with acute inferoposterior ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with right ventricular infarction. He underwent diagnostic angiogram which revealed total occlusion of mid right coronary artery (RCA) by thrombus. Multiple runs of aspiration were performed using Export Aspiration ...
Vermeulen Tom - - 2009
Myxoma cordis is the most frequent primary cardiac tumour in adults. Paediatric primary cardiac tumours are rare, the most common type being rhabdomyoma. Atrial and ventricular myxomas occur infrequently in the paediatric age group. Intracardiac myxomas are seen with an estimated incidence of 0.5 per million population per year. Approximately ...
Park Hyung Seo - - 2009
Cardiac myxomas are the most common benign cardiac tumors and can be associated with systemic embolization including acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The probability of an arterial embolization is closely related to a tumor's villous morphology. In cases of AMI caused by cardiac myxoma, open heart surgery including excision of the ...
Schuessler Richard B - - 2009
The Cox maze procedure is an effective treatment of atrial fibrillation, with a long-term freedom from recurrence greater than 90%. The original procedure was highly invasive and required cardiopulmonary bypass. Modifications of the procedure that eliminate the need for cardiopulmonary bypass have been proposed, including use of alternative energy sources ...
de Gregorio Cesare - - 2010
The stress-related cardiomyopathy (SRC) is a relatively novel cardiac syndrome characterized by peculiar transient left ventricular dysfunction, which accounts for approximately 1-3% of patients with symptoms that initially appear to be an acute coronary syndrome. To date, the true incidence and clinical significance of left ventricular thrombus and related embolic ...
Fern?ndez Cimadevilla Oliva Concepci?n - - 2010
The diagnosis and treatment of left ventricular apical thrombi after myocardial infarction are still not well established. Fibrinolytic treatment, heparin treatment and surgical removal might be therapeutic options. We present the case of a 37 year old man who came into the Emergency department complaining of pleuritic chest pain. ECG ...
Georgiev Stanimir - - 2010
We report our experience in a 12 year old boy referred with suspected myocardial infarction. He has previously been diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus, and was being treated with steroids. Echocardiographic examination revealed a thrombus in the left aortic coronary sinus of Valsalva partially occluding the orifice of the left ...
G?nd?z Sabahattin - - 2009
We report on the use of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in the diagnosis of prosthetic heart valve thrombosis and a giant left atrial (LA) thrombus extending into the LA appendage (LAA), in comparison with findings of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). A 52-year-old woman with an eight-year history of mechanical mitral valve ...
Alexiou Konstantin - - 2009
A 73-year-old woman with a history of atrial fibrillation suffered from exertional chest pain and discrete dyspnoea. Cardiac catherization showed a vascular malformation in the atria, fed from vessels of the circumflex and left descending coronary artery. Echocardiography detected a biatrial tumour (13.7 x 9.7 cm). The tumour mass was ...
Gologorsky Edward - - 2009
Intra-cavitary thrombus size, mobility and friability are of great importance in deciding whether surgical removal is indicated. Thrombus characteristics may render surgical thrombectomy incomplete, a risk for catastrophic embolization. During de-airing of the heart, after removal of an intraventricular thrombus, filling the open ventricular cavity with blood serendipitously allowed trans-esophageal ...
Franqui-Rivera Hilton - - 2009
Primary cardiac neoplasms are rare and left atrial myxomas represent the most common form of primary cardiac masses. We present the case of a 57-year-old woman with Diabetes Mellitus and arterial hypertension who was incidentally found to have a giant myxoma in the left atrium. She was asymptomatic but given ...
Lockwood Deborah - - 2009
Minimally invasive surgical (MIS) ablation, with pulmonary vein (PV) isolation and ganglionated plexi (GP) ablation, has proven highly successful for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation but has limited success in patients with persistent and long-standing persistent (P-LSP) AF. A set of linear left atrial (LA) lesions has been added to interrupt some ...
Distelmaier Klaus - - 2009
Atherosclerotic plaque rupture with subsequent mural thrombus formation is considered the main event compromising epicardial flow in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the precise mechanisms underlying acute coronary occlusion are unknown. We compared the proteomic profiles of systemic plasma and plasma derived from the site of thrombus formation of patients ...
Nagy Christian D - - 2009
Atrial myxoma may be associated with syncope or sudden death attributed to left-sided cardiac outflow obstruction or embolization caused by tumor dislodgement or thrombus formation. Definitive treatment for primary and secondary stroke prevention is surgical resection. The role of thrombolysis in acute brain ischemia in patients with atrial myxoma is ...
Li Dong-bao - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory mechanisms had played an important role in the occurrence and prognosis of acute myocardial infarction, inflammatory mediators was associated with adverse outcomes of acute myocardial infarction. This study tested the hypothesis that in the acute phase of myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation, neutrophil count and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein ...
Joukhadar Rene - - 2009
A 52-year-old woman presented with recurrent episodes of chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations, and fatigue for three months. Her past medical history was significant for chronic anemia. Physical examination revealed a pansystolic murmur radiating to the left axilla. Her admission workup showed microcytic anemia. Her serum creatinine and iron ...
Pu Zhao-Xia - - 2009
We report a very rare case of giant left atrial thrombus (size: 7.2 x 4.5 mm(2)) associated with radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial tachycardia in a 72-year-old man. After 4 weeks of anticoagulation with warfarin, a repeat echocardiogram demonstrated partial resolution of the thrombus (size: 4.5 x 2.6 mm(2)) without ...
Murthy Avinash - - 2009
A 58-year-old male presented with severe substernal chest pain along with bilateral lower extremity pain. He was tachycardic, tachypneic, and hypoxic with tender right calf. Electrocardiogram showed ST elevation in anterior-lateral leads. Emergency coronary angiography revealed widely patent proximal left anterior descending (LAD) artery and total distal occlusion with an ...
Stoel Martin G - - 2009
During percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction, distal embolization of thrombus and plaque material often occurs, despite the use of thrombectomy and aspiration catheters. Large embolized thrombi can cause occlusion of distal coronary vessels for which angioplasty most often leads to no more than poor results. We describe the ...
Chamsi-Pasha Mohammed A R - - 2009
Primary cardiac tumors are rare at all ages, and especially so in childhood, where the most prevalent type of benign cardiac masses are rhabdomyomas followed by fibromas, both of which have a predilection for ventricular septum. We report an unusual case of a tumor involving the ventricular septum in an ...
Pan Dipanjan - - 2009
In this work, we report novel fibrin targeted "soft-type" manganese-based contrast agents for MRI with the potential to noninvasively image intravascular thrombus which could warrant aggressive medical intervention to preclude subsequent myocardial infarction or stroke.
Acikel Sadik - - 2011
Coronary embolism is an uncommon cause of acute coronary syndromes and there is no standard recommended therapeutic algorithm for this rare entity. Herein, we present a 69-years old female patient diagnosed with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction due to coronary embolism secondary to paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Considering the clinical characteristics of ...
Adams J C - - 2009
Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a rare condition characterised by idiopathic eosinophilia with organ system involvement. The condition is far more common in males, with a typical onset in the third to sixth decade. Cardiac damage may result in the formation of a characteristic apical thrombus readily visualised on two-dimensional echocardiography. ...
Robert Jens - - 2009
Cardiac myxomas originating from the left ventricular free wall are extremely rare. A 32-year-old Swiss male was found to have a 5 x 3 x 3 cm myxoma originating from the left ventricular free wall using transthoracic echocardiography. The tumour was successfully treated by surgical excision but the mitral valve ...
Ikonomidis Ignatios - - 2009
We report the case of a patient with ischaemic cardiomyopathy who was admitted to our hospital for an echocardiographic follow-up a few days after the implantation of a biventricular pacemaker/defibrillator. Transthoracic echocardiographic examination revealed an immobile echogenic mass attached to the left atrial side of the fossa ovalis which was ...
Zhao Han-Jun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A growing volume of data suggests that simple manual thrombus aspiration followed by direct stenting improves myocardial reperfusion and clinical outcome compared with conventional primary PCI, but there is still limited data comparing the in vivo performance among different devices. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and operability ...
Khoobiar Sargis - - 2010
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is reported in up to 50% of patients with cryptogenic stroke. However, the role of PFO in acute myocardial infarction is less reported. In this case report, the relationship between PFO, myocardial infarction, and an interatrial paradoxical thromboembolism (aka thrombus-in-transit) was diagnosed with the use of ...
Nagashima Mitsugi - - 2009
A 1-year-old girl with severe left ventricular dysfunction presented with large floating thrombi in the left ventricle. Surgical thrombectomy was urgently required. During cannulation, transesophageal echocardiogram detected that the thrombus had vanished from the left ventricle. Whole body angiogram under very low-flow cardiopulmonary bypass successfully obtained the exact site of ...
Chen Michael A - - 2009
A 58-year-old man admitted to the hospital with an acute stroke was found to have a left atrial mass attached to the interatrial septum via a stalk. Although initially thought to be a myxoma, the mass was pathologically proved to be a thrombus. Clues pointing to thrombus as the etiology ...
Matsuyama Takashi - - 2009
The authors report a case of a migrating left atrial thrombus identified under direct visualization using transthoracic echocardiography in an elderly patient with atrial fibrillation. The left atrial-ventricular-aortic course of the thrombus was observed in real time, and prompt diagnosis and treatment of an acute cardioembolic cerebral infarction were performed. ...
Acikel Sadik - - 2009
Hemangiomas are rare benign tumors of the heart. Clinical presentation is highly variable according to the location, size, and extension of the tumor. Hemangiomas have been described in all cardiac chambers, but most occur on the right side of the heart and in the left atrium. Although diagnosis is typically ...
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2011
Among 95 patients with tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy, left ventricular (LV) apical thrombus was documented in 5 (5.3%) patients. The thrombus was mural in 2 (40%), and protruding in 3 (60%) patients. In 4 patients, LV apical thrombus disappeared after anticoagulant therapy. In one patient with protruding thrombus, brain infarction occurred. LV ...
Sonker Uday - - 2009
Left atrial myxomas are benign, slow-growing primary cardiac tumors. They present with gradual onset of one or more of a triad of obstructive, embolic, or constitutional symptoms. Transesophageal echocardiography aids in the detailed preoperative and intraoperative evaluation of the myxoma for surgical strategy planning. We describe a previously unreported case ...
Karamitsos Theodoros D - - 2011
Melanoma has a great propensity for cardiac involvement but most cases are diagnosed post-mortem. We present the case of a 67-year-old man with history of malignant melanoma who presented with increasing dyspnea, fatigue and peripheral edema. A large myocardial metastasis was identified on transthoracic echocardiography, and further characterized with cardiovascular ...
Abid L - - 2011
A 45 day old new-born with arrhythmia-induced cardiomyopathy complicated by thrombus formation is presented. Drug treatment produced immediate symptomatic relief and subsequent reversion to normal cardiac function. The thrombus disappeared a few days later.
Santangeli Pasquale - - 2010
A 51-year-old man was admitted for burning dysesthesias over the soles. Neurologic examination showed a pansensory loss over both feet associated with weakness of toes dorsiflexion. Motor conduction study of the sural nerve showed a significant reduction of nerve conduction velocity (21.4 m/s) suggesting a demyelinating neuropathy. In the following ...
Tanoue Kazuyuki - - 2009
Free-floating left atrial ball thrombus is rare. We describe a case of a 48-year-old man who had free-floating left atrial ball thrombus that was not accompanied by mitral stenosis and that was treated aggressively with anticoagulants. Echocardiography revealed dramatic disappearance of the thrombus.
Gabhane Sushma Kashinath - - 2009
Primary cardiac tumors are rare. Of these the majorities are benign and about 75% are atrial myxomas. One of the rarest tumors affecting the heart is a cardiac paraganglioma. We report an unusual case of a left ventricular paraganglioma discovered during autopsy in a 22-year female patient, a case of ...
Vicari Ralph M - - 2009
Left atrial myxomas remain the most common benign primary cardiac tumors, and these cardiac growths can masquerade as mitral stenosis, infective endocarditis and collagen vascular disease. Atrial myxomas are found in approximately 14-20% of the population and can lead to embolization, intercardiac obstructions, conduction disturbances and lethal valve obstructions. An ...
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