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Ravassa Susana - - 2012
During myocardial infarction (MI), a variety of mechanisms contribute to activation of cell death processes in cardiomyocytes, which determines the final MI size, subsequent mortality, and post-MI remodeling. The deleterious mechanisms activated during the ischemia and reperfusion phases in MI include oxygen deprival, decreased availability of nutrients and survival factors, ...
Wright Elizabeth J - - 2012
Stem cell therapy is an exciting and emerging treatment option to promote post-myocardial infarction (post-MI) healing; however, cell retention and efficacy in the heart remain problematic. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone with cardioprotective properties but a short half-life in vivo. The effects of prolonged GLP-1 delivery from stromal ...
Yao Jie - - 2012
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation has been proposed as a potential therapeutic approach for ischemic heart disease, but the regenerative capacity of these cells decreases with age. In this study, we genetically engineered old human MSCs (O-hMSCs) with tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP3) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) ...
Flynn Aidan W - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: A number of questions remain unanswered in the field of cell therapy for acute myocardial infarction (MI), including what is the optimal cell type, and can therapeutic efficacy be enhanced by conditioning regimens. In this study, we sought to address these questions by directly comparing the effect of ...
Montange Damien - - 2012
To determine the relationship between the number of CD14(+) cells, myocardial infarct (MI) size and left ventricular (LV) volumes in ST segment elevation MI (STEMI) and non-ST segment elevation MI (NSTEMI) patients. A total of 62 patients with STEMI (n=34) or NSTEMI (n=28) were enrolled. The number of CD14(+) cells ...
Sato Daisuke - - 2012
Despite the potential benefit of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), the efficacy of G-CSF in regenerating the heart after MI remains controversial. The authors hypothesize that the limited efficacy of G-CSF is related to its inhibitory effect on recruitment of bone marrow-derived cells ...
Cooper L T LT - - 2012
Giant cell myocarditis (GCM) usually presents as acute dilated cardiomyopathy that does not improve with guideline-based treatments. Ventricular tachycardia and heart block occur in a substantial number of patients. Diagnosis by endomyocardial biopsy can allow for the addition of immunosuppressive therapy and timely use of mechanical circulatory support when indicated. ...
Pettersen Reidar J - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Inflammation is involved in cell proliferation and collagen deposition causing vessel wall remodelling and restenosis after plain balloon angioplasty. Local drug delivery of bioactive agents that reduce the incidence of adverse wall remodelling is of considerable interest concerning treatment strategies for coronary vessel disease and could alter the ...
Ma Yonggang Y San Antonio Cardiovascular Proteomics Center, Barshop Institute for Longevity and Aging Studies, Division of Geriatrics, Gerontology and Palliative Medicine, Department of Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 15355 Lambda Drive, MC 7755, San Antonio, TX 78245, - - 2012
The extracellular matrix (ECM) provides structural support by serving as a scaffold for cells, and as such the ECM maintains normal tissue homeostasis and mediates the repair response following injury. In response to myocardial infarction (MI), ECM expression is generally upregulated in the left ventricle (LV), which regulates LV remodeling ...
Della Rocca Domenico G - - 2012
Despite remarkable effectiveness of reperfusion and drug therapies to reduce morbidity and mortality following myocardial infarction (MI), many patients have debilitating symptoms and impaired left ventricular (LV) function highlighting the need for improved post-MI therapies. A promising concept currently under investigation is intramyocardial injection of high-water content, polymeric biomaterial gels ...
Fabritz Larissa - - 2012
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited cardiomyopathy and a leading cause of sudden cardiac death in a young population. ARVC is especially common in young athletes. Mutations in different desmosomal genes have been identified causing dysfunctional cell-cell contacts. Reduced myocardial expression of plakoglobin in the cell-cell contact complexes ...
Khokhlova O N - - 2012
We compared the efficiency of autologous mononuclear cells and multipotent stromal cells of the bone marrow after their non-selective intracoronary transplantation on day 30 after acute coronary infarction in rats. Improvement of hemodynamic parameters of myocardial contractility (rates of left ventricular pressure rise and drop) in comparison with the initial ...
Sengupta Shantanu P SP Sengupta Hospital and Research Institute, Nagpur, India. - - 2012
The status of left ventricle in sickle cell anemia presenting in sickle crisis and follow up has been minimally studied in past. To determine the left ventricular (LV) myocardial performance in these patients, we performed the study to assess two dimensional strains imaging which allowed a rapid and an accurate ...
Marbán Eduardo - - 2012
Cardiac regenerative therapies seek to grow new myocardium after "irreversible" injury such as myocardial infarction. Various cell types and delivery techniques have been utilized in experimental models of human disease and clinical trials. When selecting a candidate stem cell type for clinical use, multiple factors need to be taken into ...
Abben Richard P - - 2012
Percutaneous and surgical procedures intended to potentially cure atrial fibrillation require creating lines of conduction block in specific locations throughout the atrial chambers. In patients presenting with recurrent atrial fibrillation, repeat procedures are often performed, resulting in more extensive regions of conduction block and the potential for regions of dissociated ...
Mitchell Andrea J - - 2012
Stem cell transplantation following AMI has shown promise for the repair or reduction of the amount of myocardial injury. There is some evidence that these treatment effects appear to be directly correlated to cell residence time. This study aims to assess the effects of (a) the timing of stem cell ...
von Gise Alexander - - 2012
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) converts epithelial cells to mobile and developmentally plastic mesenchymal cells. All cells in the heart arise from one or more EMTs. Endocardial and epicardial EMTs produce most of the noncardiomyocyte lineages of the mature heart. Endocardial EMT generates valve progenitor cells and is necessary for ...
Qian Ling - - 2012
Tissue engineered scaffolds may improve experimental outcomes in cardiac cell therapy by targeted delivery of stem cells and mechanically support infarcted left ventricular wall. We transplanted cardiomyocyte-like cells (5 x 10<sup>5</sup>) with scaffolding via epicardial patching (cell patch, n=17) or low dose intra-myocardial hydrogel (LD hydrogel, n=18), high dose (5 ...
Jacobsen Peter K - - 2012
Voltage-Guided Ablation Technique for Cavotricuspid Isthmus-Dependent Atrial Flutter.  Ablation of the cavotricuspid isthmus has become first-line therapy for "isthmus-dependent" atrial flutter. The goal of ablation is to produce bidirectional cavotricuspid isthmus block. Traditionally, this has been obtained by creation of a complete ablation line across the isthmus from the ventricular ...
Hamamoto Masaki - - 2012
We describe a modified patch closure technique for repairing subacute anterior ventricular septal perforation. Through a left ventriculotomy, a larger double-layered planar patch is secured with double suture lines to close the defect and cover the ventricular septum. This modification is simple and easy, and may help to avoid a ...
Soler-Botija Carolina - - 2012
Complete recovery of ischemic cardiac muscle after myocardial infarction is still an unresolved concern. In recent years, intensive research efforts have focused on mimicking the physical and biological properties of myocardium for cardiac repair. Here we show how heart regeneration approaches have evolved from cell therapy to refined tissue engineering. ...
Takami Mitsuru - - 2012
Functional Block in the Posterior Right Atrium. Introduction: Conduction block in the posterior right atrium (RA) plays an important role in perpetuating atrial flutter (AFL). Although conduction blocks have functional properties, it is not clear how the block line changes with the pacing rate, pacing site, and administration of antiarrhythmic ...
Glass Carley - - 2012
Transplanted embryonic stem (ES) cells following myocardial infarction (MI) contribute to limited cardiac repair and regeneration with improved function. Therefore, novel strategies are still needed to understand the effects of genetically modified transplanted stem cells on cardiac remodeling. The present study evaluates whether transplanted mouse ES cells overexpressing TIMP-1, an ...
Hanke Samuel P - - 2012
Barth syndrome (BTHS) is associated with myocardial disease, frequently left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy, which may necessitate cardiac transplantation or lead to death in some patients. We report a child with BTHS who had an "undulating cardiac phenotype" and ultimately developed decompensated heart failure requiring mechanical circulatory support with a ventricular ...
Kuhn Christian C Department of Internal Medicine III, Cardiology and Angiology, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, - - 2012
Muscle LIM protein (MLP) has been proposed to be a central player in the pathogenesis of heart muscle disease. In line with this notion, the homozygous loss of MLP results in cardiac hypertrophy and dilated cardiomyopathy. Moreover, MLP is induced in several models of cardiac hypertrophy such as aortic banding ...
Cassino Theresa R - - 2012
Stem cell therapy for tissue repair is a rapidly evolving field and the factors that dictate the physiological responsiveness of stem cells remain under intense investigation. In this study we hypothesized that the mechanical loading history of muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) would significantly impact MDSC survival, host tissue angiogenesis, and ...
Igarashi Miyako - - 2012
We describe a patient who underwent radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of cavo-tricuspid isthmus-dependent atrial flutter (AFL). Extensive ablation at the isthmus failed to terminate the AFL. A coronary sinus (CS) diverticulum arising from the proximal portion of the middle cardiac vein was found near the isthmus. An RF energy application ...
Jung Christian - - 2012
Background: Ischemic postconditioning (PostC), brief repetitive cycles of ischemia and reperfusion during early reperfusion, is suggested to protect the myocardium in patients with stent thrombosis-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) by improved endothelial dysfunction and alteration of cytokine release. These mechanisms are also of importance for the recruitment of endothelial progenitor cells ...
Laughner Jacob I JI Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in Saint Louis, MO 63130-4899, - - 2012
High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has been introduced for treatment of cardiac arrhythmias because it offers the ability to create rapid tissue modification in confined volumes without directly contacting the myocardium. In spite of the benefits of HIFU, a number of limitations have been reported, which hindered its clinical adoption. ...
Paskaradevan Sivani - - 2012
Myocardial progenitor development involves the migration of cells to the anterior lateral plate mesoderm (ALPM) where they are exposed to the necessary signals for heart development to proceed. Whether the arrival of cells to this location is sufficient, or whether earlier signaling events are required, for progenitor development is poorly ...
Garcia-Dorado David - - 2012
Myocardial edema occurs in a large number of myocardial pathologies particularly during ischemia-reperfusion, and may contribute to cell dysfunction and death occurring in these conditions. Cardiomyocyte cell volume is tightly regulated by modifications in cytosolic osmolality. Changes in membrane water permeability through aquaporin and connexin hemichannels also contribute to cell ...
Xiong Yiqin - - 2012
Malformations of heart valves are one of the most common serious congenital defects. Heart valves are developed from endocardial cushions of the heart. The endocardial cushion in early heart development consists of two cell layers: an outer myocardial cell layer and an inner endocardial cell layer with abundant extracellular matrix ...
DiNicolantonio James J - - 2012
β-Blockers are a standard of care in many clinical settings such as acute myocardial infarction, heart failure and patients at risk for a coronary event. However, not all β-blockers are the same and they vary in properties such as lipophilicity, metabolic profile, receptor inhibition, hemodynamics, tolerability and antioxidant/anti-inflammatory effects. It ...
Raasch Hannah - - 2012
We present the case of a 55-year-old woman with giant cell myocarditis who experienced a rapid deterioration in her condition. As her heart failure progressed, she developed more ventricular ectopic beats, which culminated in a polymorphic ventricular tachycardia that did not improve despite immunosuppressive and antiarrhythmic therapy. Emergent biventricular assist ...
van Wijk Bram - - 2012
In contrast to lower vertebrates, the mammalian heart has a very limited regenerative capacity. Cardiomyocytes, lost after ischemia, are replaced by fibroblasts. Although the human heart is able to form new cardiomyocytes throughout its lifespan, the efficiency of this phenomenon is not enough to substitute sufficient myocardial mass after an ...
Hoffmann Jedrzej J Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle, United - - 2012
With the advent of primary PCI (PPCI), reperfusion is achieved in almost all patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction. However, despite multiple trials, reperfusion injury has not been successfully dealt with so far. In mouse models, CD4(+) T lymphocytes (T cells) have been shown to be crucial instigators of reperfusion ...
Barold S Serge - - 2012
Understanding of the traditional Wenckebach phenomenon is enhanced by using a modified ladder diagram where AV conduction in any cycle is represented by a slanted line in the AV bar together with similar AV conduction lines of all the preceding cycles. The diagram facilitates calculation of the duration of RR ...
Tzschätzsch Heiko - - 2011
Time harmonic elastography is introduced as a modality for assessing myocardial elasticity changes during the cardiac cycle. It is based on external stimulation and real-time analysis of 30-Hz harmonic shear waves in axial direction of a parasternal line of sight through the lateral heart wall. In 20 healthy volunteers, the ...
Zhou Bin - - 2011
Cre-LoxP-mediated genetic lineage trace has been used to illuminate the cell fate of progenitor cells in vivo. Application of this strategy to the epicardium, a sheet of cells covering the surface of heart, revealed that it dynamically participates in both heart development and postnatal heart repair and regeneration. After myocardial ...
Bouchentouf M - - 2011
We previously demonstrated that injection of IL-2-activated natural killer (NK) cells contribute to vascular remodeling via a4b7 integrin and killer cell lectin-like receptor (KLRG) 1 and promote cardiac repair following myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of the present study is to test the hypothesis that injection of recombinant human interleukin ...
Freytes Donald O - - 2012
Damaged heart muscle has only a minimal ability for regeneration following myocardial infarction in which cardiomyocytes are lost to ischemia. The most clinically promising approach to regeneration of cardiac muscle currently under investigation is that of injecting cardiogenic repair cells or implanting a preformed tissue-engineered patch. While major advances are ...
Kurotobi Toshiya - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -The addition of a mitral isthmus (MI) block line after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) could lead to a favorable outcome of catheter ablation (CA) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it is sometimes tough to create a complete MI block line, and the cooling effect because of the ...
Leri Annarosa A Departments of Anesthesia and Medicine, and Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2011
For nearly a century, the human heart has been viewed as a terminally differentiated postmitotic organ in which the number of cardiomyocytes is established at birth, and these cells persist throughout the lifespan of the organ and organism. However, the discovery that cardiac stem cells live in the heart and ...
Herrmann Jeremy L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α) has been shown to augment mesenchymal stem cell-mediated cardioprotection during acute ischemia and reperfusion in isolated heart models. To determine whether this pretreatment strategy would be effective in vivo, we hypothesized that the intramyocardial injection of mesenchymal stem cells pretreated with TGF-α after coronary artery ...
Couture Pierre - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare real-time (on-line) monitoring of myocardial ischemia with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) with off-line reviewing during a dobutamine stress test in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENTS: Seventeen patients undergoing CABG. INTERVENTIONS: TEE and electrocardiographic monitoring of myocardial ...
Gibbons Raymond J - - 2011
There are a variety of approaches to assess the efficacy of reperfusion therapy, and myocardial protection, in acute myocardial infarction. This review summarizes the available evidence validating the use of technetium-99m sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for this purpose. Multiple lines of evidence have validated its clinical utility. SPECT ...
Otani Niels F - - 2011
Engraftment of viable, electrically functional cells into a myocardial infarct as a method for restoring functionality is currently a topic of active research interest. Cells implanted in this way can form gap junction connectivity with each other, but often do not connect well with the surrounding tissue outside the infarct. ...
Zhou Bin - - 2012
Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality world-wide. Whether endogenous repair and regenerative ability could be augmented by drug administration is an important issue for generation of novel therapeutic approach. Recently it was reported that in mice pretreated with thymosin beta 4 (TB4) and ...
Beitnes Jan Otto - - 2011
Despite recent advances in medical therapy, reperfusion strategies, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and cardiac assist devices, ischemic heart disease is a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cell therapy has been introduced as a new treatment modality to regenerate lost cardiomyocytes. At present, several cell types seem to improve left ventricular ...
Litton Kimberley A - - 2011
Many people throughout the world are living with heart disease and advanced heart failure. They may be in need of a heart transplant, but because of the limited amount of donor hearts available, other options need to be available. Because of the advancement of technology, there are now other options, ...
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