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Song Myeongjin M Korea Artificial Organ Center, Korea University, Seoul 136-705, Republic of - - 2013
Regeneration of chronic myocardial infarction (CMI) is one of the challenging issues due to its limited regeneration activity compared to acute or sub-acute stage. In this study, we examined whether combination of stem cell homing factor (SDF-1) and angiogenic peptides (Ac-SDKP) injected with biomimetic hydrogels promote regeneration of cardiac function ...
Haisa Toshihiko T Department of Neurosurgery, JR Tokyo General - - 2013
An 84-year-old male with a 3-month history of headache and elevated C-reactive protein levels was admitted for biopsy of the superficial temporal artery, which led to the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA). Two days after prednisolone therapy was initiated, the patient began to experience transient vertigo attacks. Two days ...
van Eif Vincent W W VW Department of Physiology, Institute for Cardiovascular Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The - - 2013
The efficiency (work/oxygen consumption) of isolated papillary muscles from failing hearts is reduced. We investigated whether this can be due to an increase of intrinsic cardiac adrenergic (ICA) cell density. The number of ICA cells in the septum and both ventricular walls was determined by tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry in rats ...
Huang Zheyong - - 2013
Retrograde coronary venous infusion is a promising delivery method for cellular cardiomyoplasty. Poor cell retention is the major obstacle to the establishment of this method as the preferred route for cell delivery. Here, we explored whether magnetic targeting could enhance retrograde cell retention in a rat model of myocardial infarction. ...
Yannarelli Gustavo - - 2013
We previously showed the emergence of predominantly non-fused murine cells co-expressing cardiac and stromal determinants in co-cultures of murine mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and rat embryonic cardiomyocytes. To determine whether a similar phenotype is detectable in vivo in ischemic myocardium, we infused green fluorescence protein (GFP)-marked MSCs intravenously into wild-type ...
Oxford E M EM Section of Cardiology, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, - - 2014
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited myocardial disease with high prevalence in the Boxer dog population. It is characterized by replacement of the myocardium with fatty or fibro-fatty tissue. Several mechanisms for the development of ARVC have been suggested, including dysfunction of the canonical Wnt pathway, which is ...
Henning Robert J - - 2013
Ischemic heart disease is a major cause of death throughout the world. In order to limit myocardial damage and possibly generate new myocardium, stem cells are currently being injected into patients with ischemic heart disease. Three major patient investigations, The LateTIME, the TIME and the Swiss Myocardial Infarction trials, have ...
Saini Uksha U Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Dorothy M. Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus, - - 2013
Myocardial infarction is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Occlusion of a coronary artery produces ischemia and myocardial necrosis that leads to left ventricular (LV) remodeling, dysfunction, and heart failure. Stem cell therapy may decrease infarct size and improve LV function; the hypoxic environment, however, following a myocardial ...
Ribera Melissa C V - - 2013
Introduction Cardiac abnormalities in sickle cell anaemia are frequent and early, despite being more evident in adulthood. The study on cardiac abnormalities is essential in the current context, as, owing to improved health, children are increasingly able to reach adulthood and suffering the consequences of chronic cardiac injury. The aim ...
Yeh Tsung-Szu - - 2013
Cell sheet technology has been widely employed for the treatment of myocardial infarction (MI), but cell sheet fabrication generally requires the use of thermo-responsive dishes. Here we developed a method for the preparation of adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) sheet that obviated the need of thermo-responsive dishes. This method only required ...
Knapp MaƂgorzata - - 2013
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a cardioprotective sphingolipid present at high concentration in plasma and blood cells. However, effect of the myocardial infarction on S1P metabolism in blood is poorly recognized. Therefore, we aimed to examine the dynamics of changes in concentration of sphingolipids in blood of patients with acute ST-segment elevation ...
Richardson James D - - 2013
Traditionally, stem cell therapy for myocardial infarction (MI) has been administered as a single treatment in the acute or subacute period after MI. These time intervals coincide with marked differences in the post-infarct myocardial environment, raising the prospect that repeat cell dosing could provide incremental benefit beyond a solitary intervention. ...
Basudhar Debashree D Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arizona , Tucson, Arizona 85721, United - - 2013
Structural modifications of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have successfully reduced the side effect of gastrointestinal ulceration without affecting anti-inflammatory activity, but they may increase the risk of myocardial infarction with chronic use. The fact that nitroxyl (HNO) reduces platelet aggregation, preconditions against myocardial infarction, and enhances contractility led us to ...
Giordano Céline - - 2013
-Vasculogenic cell-based therapy combined with tissue engineering is a promising revascularization approach destined at patients with advanced coronary artery disease, many of whom exhibit myocardial hibernation. However, so far no experimental data have been available in this context; we therefore examined the biopolymer-supported delivery of circulating angiogenic cells (CACs) using ...
Sánchez Luis A - - 2013
End-stage heart failure is the final common pathway of an irreversible process associated with loss of myocardial cells. In this process, the capacity for renewal and repair of myocardial tissue is inadequate and ultimately leads to ventricular remodeling. Novel therapeutic strategies have been developed to prevent it, one being cell ...
Cui Ying - - 2013
Microparticles (MPs) are vesicles released from activated or apoptotic cells. MP derive from various cells, most notably platelets, but also leucocytes, lymphocytes, erythrocytes, and endothelial cells. The aim of this study was to investigate endothelial MP (EMP), platelet MP (PMP), lymphocyte MP and monocyte MP and TF-positive MPs (TF(+) MPs) ...
MacArthur John W JW Jr Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA (J.W.M., Y.S., J.E.C., A.F., A.T., J.P., P.H., E.Y., K.L., W.H., P.A., Y.J.W.); and Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (B.P.P., - - 2013
Exogenously delivered chemokines have enabled neovasculogenic myocardial repair in models of ischemic cardiomyopathy; however, these molecules have short half-lives in vivo. In this study, we hypothesized that the sustained delivery of a synthetic analog of stromal cell-derived factor 1-α (engineered stromal cell-derived factor analog [ESA]) induces continuous homing of endothelial ...
Ye Lei L Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine (L.Y., P.Z., S.D., L.S., Q.X., J.Z.), Stem Cell Institute (L.Y., J.Z.), and Department of Biomedical Engineering (J.Z.), University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2013
Thymosin β4 (Tβ4) has been shown to enhance the survival of cultured cardiomyocytes. Here, we investigated whether the cytoprotective effects of Tβ4 can increase the effectiveness of transplanted swine mesenchymal stem cells (sMSCs) for cardiac repair in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI). Under hypoxic conditions, cellular damage (lactate ...
Atluri Pavan P Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2013
Cell-mediated angiogenic therapy for ischemic heart disease has had disappointing results. The lack of clinical translatability may be secondary to cell death and systemic dispersion with cell injection. We propose a novel tissue-engineered therapy, whereby extracellular matrix scaffold seeded with endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) can overcome these limitations using an ...
Wu San-Pin SP Department of Molecular & Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, United States. Electronic address: - - 2013
The epicardium and coronary vessels originate from progenitor cells in the proepicardium. Here we show that Tbx18, a T-box family member highly expressed in the proepicardium, controls critical early steps in coronary development. In Tbx18(-/-) mouse embryos, both the epicardium and coronary vessels exhibit structural and functional defects. At E12.5, ...
Khan Mohsin - - 2013
Stem cell survival and retention in myocardium after injury following adoptive transfer is low. Elevated catecholamine levels coinciding with myocardial injury adversely impact cardiac progenitor cell (CPC) survival. The GRK2-derived inhibitory peptide, βARKct, enhance myocyte contractility, survival and normalize the neurohormonal axis in failing heart, however salutary effects of βARKct ...
Sanganalmath Santosh K SK Division of Cardiovascular Medicine and Institute of Molecular Cardiology, University of Louisville, KY, - - 2013
Despite significant therapeutic advances, the prognosis of patients with heart failure (HF) remains poor, and current therapeutic approaches are palliative in the sense that they do not address the underlying problem of the loss of cardiac tissue. Stem cell-based therapies have the potential to fundamentally transform the treatment of HF ...
van der Laan Anja M - - 2013
Monocytes are critical mediators of healing following acute myocardial infarction (AMI), making them an interesting target to improve myocardial repair. The purpose of this study was a gain of insight into the source and recruitment of monocytes following AMI in humans. Post-mortem tissue specimens of myocardium, spleen and bone marrow ...
Yang Jin - - 2013
Congenital coronary artery anomalies produce serious events that include syncope, arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, or sudden death. Studying the mechanism of coronary development will contribute to the understanding of the disease and help design new diagnostic or therapeutic strategies. Here, we characterized a new calcineurin-NFAT signaling which specifically functions in the ...
Suresh Rahul - - 2013
The biomarkers CXCR4/FLK-1 select cardiac progenitors from a stem cell pool in experimental models. However, the translational value of these cells in human ischemic heart disease is unknown. Here, flow-cytometry identified CD45(-)/CXCR4(+)/FLK-1(+) cells in 30 individuals without ischemic heart disease and 33 first-time acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. AMI patients ...
Anversa Piero P Department of Anesthesia, Department of Medicine, and Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2013
The concept of the heart as a terminally differentiated organ incapable of replacing damaged myocytes has been at the center of cardiovascular research and therapeutic development for the past 50 years. The progressive decline in myocyte number as a function of age and the formation of scarred tissue after myocardial ...
Wöhrle Jochen - - 2013
In patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), the number of transplanted autologous bone-marrow cells (BMC) has been linked to improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Complete obstruction of myocardial microvasculature is indicated by microvascular obstruction (MO) in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). We analyzed whether the number of transplanted ...
Buikema Janwillem - - 2013
Advanced heart failure represents a leading public health problem in the developed world. The clinical syndrome results from the loss of viable and/or fully functional myocardial tissue. Designing new approaches to augment the number of functioning human cardiac muscle cells in the failing heart serve as the foundation of modern ...
Jiang Zhi Z Department of Cardiology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, - - 2013
Human endometrial stem cells (EnSCs) have the potential to be 'off the shelf' clinical reagents for the treatment of heart failure. Here, using an immunocompetent rat model of myocardial infarction (MI), we provide evidence that the functional benefits of EnSC transplantation are principally and possibly exclusively through a paracrine effect. ...
Acosta Sandra A - - 2013
Cell-based therapy is a promising therapy for myocardial infarction. Endogenous repair of the heart muscle after myocardial infarction is a challenge because adult cardiomyocytes have a limited capacity to proliferate and replace damaged cells. Pre-clinical and clinical evidence has shown that cell based therapy may promote revascularization and replacement of ...
Ryzhov Sergey S Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical School, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2013
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem-like cells to the heart is known to improve cardiac recovery in animal models of myocardial infarction (MI). Because stimulation of A2B adenosine receptors on mouse cardiac stem cell antigen (Sca)-1(+)CD31(-) mesenchymal stem-like cells significantly up-regulates their secretion of pro-angiogenic factors, we hypothesized that ablation of the ...
Noor-ul-Hadi - - 2013
Interventional procedures render cardiologolists and their team members to high doses of radiations. This study was conducted to assess the radiation exposure in various cardiac catheterization procedures. This descriptive cross sectional study was conducted at the catheterization laboratory of Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar from November 2008 to December 2009. Patients ...
Schuh Alexander - - 2013
Aim of the presented study was to investigate the role of stromal derived factor 1 (SDF-1α) in mobilizing stem cells in combination with endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) transplantation in a regenerative strategy for myocardial infarction therapy in a murine ischemia/reperfusion model. Initially bone marrow was eradicated and reconstituted with the ...
Sousonis Vasilios - - 2013
In the recent years, the existence of cardiac regeneration in mammalian models and even humans has been confirmed in several, carefully designed and executed studies. However, the intrinsic rate of cardiomyocyte renewal is not sufficient to replenish the large number of cells lost after a major injury in the heart, ...
Puliafico Shannon B SB Northeast Ohio Cardiovascular Specialists (NEOCS), 95 Arch St. Suite 300, Akron, OH, 44304, - - 2013
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in Americans. After myocardial infarction, significant ventricular damage persists despite timely reperfusion and pharmacological management. Treatment is limited, as current modalities do not cure this damage. In the past decade, stem cell therapy has emerged as a promising therapeutic solution to ...
Hamdi Hadhami - - 2013
AIMS: Few studies have assessed the effects of cell therapy in non-ischemic cardiomyopathies which, however, contribute to a large number of cardiac failures. Assuming that such conditions are best suited for a global delivery of cells, we assessed the effects of epicardially-delivered adipose tissue-derived stroma cell (ADSC) sheets in a ...
Shuman James A - - 2013
Acute coronary syndromes can give rise to myocardial injury infarction (MI), which in turn promulgates a series of cellular and extracellular events that result in left ventricular (LV) dilation and dysfunction. Localized strategies focused upon interrupting this inexorable process include delivery of bioactive molecules and stem cell derivatives. These localized ...
Falkenham Alec - - 2013
Fibroblast progenitor cells (fibrocytes) are important to the development of myocardial fibrosis and are suggested to migrate to the heart via CXCL12 and chemokine ligand (CCL) 2. We hypothesized that if these chemokines are recruiting fibrocytes, disrupting their signaling will reduce early (3-day) fibrocyte infiltration and, consequently, fibrosis in the ...
Weyers Jill J JJ Department of Pathology, Center for Cardiovascular Biology and Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2013
With recent advances in therapeutic applications of stem cells, cell engraftment has become a promising therapy for replacing injured myocardium after infarction. The survival and function of injected cells, however, will depend on the efficient vascularization of the new tissue. Here we describe the arteriogenic remodeling of the coronary vessels ...
Povsic Thomas J - - 2013
Erythropoietin (EPO) was hypothesized to mitigate reperfusion injury, in part via mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The REVEAL trial found no reduction in infarct size with a single dose of EPO (60,000 U) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. In a substudy, we aimed to determine the feasibility of ...
Luo Yuechen - - 2013
The binding of the stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) to the cysteine (C)-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) has emerged as a key signal for stem and progenitor cells trafficking to the circulation from the bone marrow. Our aim was to investigate the role of daily intermittent administration of AMD3100 (a ...
Kang Kyu-Tae KT Vascular Biology Program and Department of Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, - - 2013
Cell-based therapies to restore heart function after infarction have been tested in pre-clinical models and clinical trials with mixed results, and will likely require both contractile cells and a vascular network to support them. We and others have shown that human endothelial colony forming cells (ECFC) combined with mesenchymal progenitor ...
Wu Teddy Y - - 2013
Lambl's excrescences are common fibrinous strands found at the contact margin of cardiac valves. They are referred to as "giant" when multiple strands form a complex. Embolic stroke secondary to these valvular strands has rarely been described in the literature. We present a patient with recurrent thrombo-embolic cerebral infarction secondary ...
Richardson James D - - 2013
Although mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) have shown therapeutic promise after myocardial infarction (MI), the impact of cell dose and timing of intervention remains uncertain. We compared immediate and deferred administration of 2 doses of MSC in a rat model of MI. Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Allogeneic prospectively isolated MSC ("low" ...
Helen Onakpoya Oluwatoyin - - 2013
Bone infarction involving the orbit in sickle cell disease is not common. Bilateral orbital infarction in a previously undiagnosed sickle cell hemoglobinopathy has not been previously reported. In this report, we present a case of an 11-year-old previously undiagnosed sickle cell disease Nigerian girl with severe acute bilateral orbital infarction ...
Schoenfeld Matthew M Department of Medicine, New York Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2013
The lack of myocardial repair after myocardial infarction and the heart failure that eventually ensues was thought of as proof that myocardial cell regeneration and myocardial repair mechanisms do not exist. Recently, growing experimental and clinical evidence has proven this concept wrong. Cardiac stem cells and endogenous myocardial repair mechanisms ...
Pistulli Rudin - - 2013
AIMS: Dendritic cells (DCs) are sentinels of the immune system-their role in myocardial disease is unknown as yet. We investigated their myocardial presence in human dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS AND RESULTS: Endomyocardial biopsies from 72 patients with DCM (EF ∼30%), as well as myocardial specimens from 18 suicide or accident ...
Stellos Konstantinos - - 2013
AimsThe aim of the present study was to evaluate the levels of platelet interaction with circulating CD34(+) cells in patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) and acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and to study the functional consequence of coaggregates formation in vitro and in vivo.Methods and resultsPlatelet binding to circulating progenitor ...
Pelliccia Francesco - - 2013
Background: The association between endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and the subsequent long-term clinical outcome remains undefined. To address this issue, a pre-specified analysis of the PROgenitor Cells role in Restenosis and progression of coronary ATherosclerosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PROCREATION) study was done. ...
Liehn Elisa A - - 2013
Modern life styles have made cardiovascular disease the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although current treatments substantially ameliorate patients' prognosis after MI, they cannot restore the affected tissue or entirely re-establish organ function. Therefore, the main goal of modern cardiology should be to design strategies to reduce myocardial ...
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