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Buikema Janwillem - - 2013
Advanced heart failure represents a leading public health problem in the developed world. The clinical syndrome results from the loss of viable and/or fully functional myocardial tissue. Designing new approaches to augment the number of functioning human cardiac muscle cells in the failing heart serve as the foundation of modern ...
Jiang Zhi - - 2013
Human endometrial stem cells (EnSCs) have the potential to be 'off the shelf' clinical reagents for the treatment of heart failure. Here, using an immunocompetent rat model of myocardial infarction (MI), we provide evidence that the functional benefits of EnSC transplantation are principally and possibly exclusively through a paracrine effect. ...
Ryzhov Sergey - - 2013
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem-like cells to the heart is known to improve cardiac recovery in animal models of myocardial infarction (MI). Because stimulation of A2B adenosine receptors on mouse cardiac stem cell antigen (Sca)-1(+)CD31(-) mesenchymal stem-like cells significantly up-regulates their secretion of pro-angiogenic factors, we hypothesized that ablation of the ...
Acosta Sandra A - - 2013
Cell-based therapy is a promising therapy for myocardial infarction. Endogenous repair of the heart muscle after myocardial infarction is a challenge because adult cardiomyocytes have a limited capacity to proliferate and replace damaged cells. Pre-clinical and clinical evidence has shown that cell based therapy may promote revascularization and replacement of ...
Saini Uksha - - 2013
Myocardial infarction is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Occlusion of a coronary artery produces ischemia and myocardial necrosis that leads to left ventricular (LV) remodeling, dysfunction and heart failure. Stem cell therapy may decrease infarct size and improve LV function; the hypoxic environment, however, following a myocardial ...
Schuh Alexander - - 2013
Aim of the presented study was to investigate the role of stromal derived factor 1 (SDF-1α) in mobilizing stem cells in combination with endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) transplantation in a regenerative strategy for myocardial infarction therapy in a murine ischemia/reperfusion model. Initially bone marrow was eradicated and reconstituted with the ...
Sousonis Vasilios - - 2013
In the recent years, the existence of cardiac regeneration in mammalian models and even humans has been confirmed in several, carefully designed and executed studies. However, the intrinsic rate of cardiomyocyte renewal is not sufficient to replenish the large number of cells lost after a major injury in the heart, ...
Puliafico Shannon B - - 2013
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in Americans. After myocardial infarction, significant ventricular damage persists despite timely reperfusion and pharmacological management. Treatment is limited, as current modalities do not cure this damage. In the past decade, stem cell therapy has emerged as a promising therapeutic solution to ...
Hamdi Hadhami - - 2013
AIMS: Few studies have assessed the effects of cell therapy in non-ischemic cardiomyopathies which, however, contribute to a large number of cardiac failures. Assuming that such conditions are best suited for a global delivery of cells, we assessed the effects of epicardially-delivered adipose tissue-derived stroma cell (ADSC) sheets in a ...
Shuman James A - - 2013
Acute coronary syndromes can give rise to myocardial injury infarction (MI), which in turn promulgates a series of cellular and extracellular events that result in left ventricular (LV) dilation and dysfunction. Localized strategies focused upon interrupting this inexorable process include delivery of bioactive molecules and stem cell derivatives. These localized ...
Falkenham Alec - - 2013
Fibroblast progenitor cells (fibrocytes) are important to the development of myocardial fibrosis and are suggested to migrate to the heart via CXCL12 and chemokine ligand (CCL) 2. We hypothesized that if these chemokines are recruiting fibrocytes, disrupting their signaling will reduce early (3-day) fibrocyte infiltration and, consequently, fibrosis in the ...
Weyers Jill J JJ Department of Pathology, Center for Cardiovascular Biology and Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2013
With recent advances in therapeutic applications of stem cells, cell engraftment has become a promising therapy for replacing injured myocardium after infarction. The survival and function of injected cells, however, will depend on the efficient vascularization of the new tissue. Here we describe the arteriogenic remodeling of the coronary vessels ...
Povsic Thomas J - - 2013
Erythropoietin (EPO) was hypothesized to mitigate reperfusion injury, in part via mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The REVEAL trial found no reduction in infarct size with a single dose of EPO (60,000 U) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. In a substudy, we aimed to determine the feasibility of ...
Luo Yuechen - - 2013
The binding of the stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) to the cysteine (C)-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) has emerged as a key signal for stem and progenitor cells trafficking to the circulation from the bone marrow. Our aim was to investigate the role of daily intermittent administration of AMD3100 (a ...
Kang Kyu-Tae - - 2013
Cell-based therapies to restore heart function after infarction have been tested in pre-clinical models and clinical trials with mixed results, and will likely require both contractile cells and a vascular network to support them. We and others have shown that human endothelial colony forming cells (ECFC) combined with mesenchymal progenitor ...
Wu Teddy Y - - 2013
Lambl's excrescences are common fibrinous strands found at the contact margin of cardiac valves. They are referred to as "giant" when multiple strands form a complex. Embolic stroke secondary to these valvular strands has rarely been described in the literature. We present a patient with recurrent thrombo-embolic cerebral infarction secondary ...
Richardson James D - - 2013
Although mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) have shown therapeutic promise after myocardial infarction (MI), the impact of cell dose and timing of intervention remains uncertain. We compared immediate and deferred administration of 2 doses of MSC in a rat model of MI. Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Allogeneic prospectively isolated MSC ("low" ...
Helen Onakpoya Oluwatoyin - - 2013
Bone infarction involving the orbit in sickle cell disease is not common. Bilateral orbital infarction in a previously undiagnosed sickle cell hemoglobinopathy has not been previously reported. In this report, we present a case of an 11-year-old previously undiagnosed sickle cell disease Nigerian girl with severe acute bilateral orbital infarction ...
Schoenfeld Matthew M Department of Medicine, New York Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2013
The lack of myocardial repair after myocardial infarction and the heart failure that eventually ensues was thought of as proof that myocardial cell regeneration and myocardial repair mechanisms do not exist. Recently, growing experimental and clinical evidence has proven this concept wrong. Cardiac stem cells and endogenous myocardial repair mechanisms ...
Balasubramanian Preethi - - 2013
Myocardial infarction is the major cause of death in many industrialized nations as it leads to end-stage heart failure. Tissue engineering (TE) approaches for treatment of the infarcted tissue have gained huge attention over the recent years and research in this direction mainly aims for the optimization of a biomaterial ...
Pistulli Rudin - - 2013
AIMS: Dendritic cells (DCs) are sentinels of the immune system-their role in myocardial disease is unknown as yet. We investigated their myocardial presence in human dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS AND RESULTS: Endomyocardial biopsies from 72 patients with DCM (EF ∼30%), as well as myocardial specimens from 18 suicide or accident ...
Stellos Konstantinos - - 2013
AimsThe aim of the present study was to evaluate the levels of platelet interaction with circulating CD34(+) cells in patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) and acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and to study the functional consequence of coaggregates formation in vitro and in vivo.Methods and resultsPlatelet binding to circulating progenitor ...
Pelliccia Francesco - - 2013
Background: The association between endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and the subsequent long-term clinical outcome remains undefined. To address this issue, a pre-specified analysis of the PROgenitor Cells role in Restenosis and progression of coronary ATherosclerosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PROCREATION) study was done. ...
Liehn Elisa A - - 2013
Modern life styles have made cardiovascular disease the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although current treatments substantially ameliorate patients' prognosis after MI, they cannot restore the affected tissue or entirely re-establish organ function. Therefore, the main goal of modern cardiology should be to design strategies to reduce myocardial ...
Huang Chieh-Cheng - - 2013
Based on a porcine model with surgically created myocardial infarction (MI) as a pre-clinical scheme, this study investigates the clinical translation of cell sheet fragments of autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for cellular cardiomyoplasty. MSC sheet fragments retaining endogenous extracellular matrices are fabricated using a thermo-responsive methylcellulose hydrogel system. Echocardiographic ...
Muscari Claudio - - 2013
The aim of this study is to investigate the blood perfusion and the inflammatory response of the myocardial infarct area after transplanting a hyaluronan-based scaffold (HYAFF(®) 11) with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Nine-week-old female pigs were subjected to a permanent left anterior descending coronary artery ligation for 4 weeks. ...
Alshammary Sfoug - - 2013
PURPOSE: Myocardial infarction (MI) remains a major cause of mortality because of the limited regenerative capacity of the myocardium. Transplantation of somatic tissue-derived cells into the heart has been shown to enhance the endogenous healing process, but the magnitude of its therapeutic effects is dependent upon the cell-source or cell-delivery ...
El-Helou Vivianne - - 2013
The rodent heart contains a population of nestin(+) cells derived from the embryonic neural crest and migrate to the scar after myocardial infarction. The present study tested the hypothesis that intron 2 of the nestin gene drives expression and a subpopulation of nestin(+) cells participate in reparative vascularisation. The directed ...
Moon Sung-Hwan - - 2013
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) have the capacity to undergo directed differentiation into contracting cardiomyocytes. Therefore, functional cardiomyocytes derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESC-CMs) are potential candidates for cellular cardiomyoplasty to regenerate the myocardium after infarction. However, the directed differentiation of hESCs induces not only contracting cardiomyocytes but also other ...
Padfield Gareth J GJ British Heart Foundation Centre for Cardiovascular Science, The University of Edinburgh, Chancellor's Building, Edinburgh EH16 4SU, UK. - - 2013
We wished to determine the effect of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) on putative endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) populations, and define their relationship to coronary artery disease (CAD) severity and clinical outcome, in order to clarify their clinical relevance. A prospective cohort study conducted in a tertiary referral cardiac centre. ...
Sciahbasi Alessandro - - 2013
Stent deployment may be associated with distal embolization and slow flow in coronary thrombotic lesions. There are no data on the risk of distal thrombus embolization according to the stent design. The aim was to evaluate coronary flow after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in acute myocardial infarction according to the ...
Sekiya Naosumi N Stem Cell Research Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2013
Direct intracardiac cell injection for heart repair is hindered by numerous limitations including: cell death, poor spreading of the injected cells, arrhythmia, needle injury, etc. Tissue-engineered cell sheet implantation has the potential to overcome some of these limitations. We evaluated whether the transplantation of a muscle-derived stem cell (MDSC) sheet ...
Katare Rajesh G - - 2013
Stem cell therapies promise to regenerate the infarcted heart through the replacement of dead cardiac cells and stimulation of neovascularization. New research from our laboratory shows the transplantation of stem cells from human veins helps heart healing after an acute ischemic insult. Using a mouse model, we demonstrated that pericytes ...
Paulis Leonie E - - 2013
Controversy exists in regard to the beneficial effects of transplanting cardiac or somatic progenitor cells upon myocardial injury. We have therefore investigated the functional short- and long-term consequences after intramyocardial transplantation of these cell types in a murine lesion model. Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in mice (nā€Š=ā€Š75), followed by ...
Kopsachilis Nikolaos - - 2013
Background. Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a systemic granulomatous vasculitis that affects large- and medium-sized arteries of the head and neck. Ocular manifestations of GCA usually are anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (AION) or retinal vessel occlusion. Case Report. We report an interesting case of a 70-year-old man who presented with ...
Song Lei - - 2013
In a swine model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), Statins can enhance the therapeutic efficacy of mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) transplantation. However, the mechanisms remain unclear. This study aims at assessing whether atorvastatin (Ator) facilitates the effects of MSCs through activation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), especially endothelial nitric oxide ...
Li Xiaorong - - 2013
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have the potential to differentiate to various types of cardiovascular cells to repair an injured heart. The potential therapeutic benefits of iPS cell based treatment have been established in small-animal models of myocardial infarction (MI). We hypothesize that porcine iPS (piPS) cell transplantation may be an ...
Zhang Zheng - - 2013
During mouse heart development, ventricular endocardial cells give rise to the coronary arteries by angiogenesis. Myocardially-derived vascular endothelial growth factor-a (Vegfa) regulates embryonic coronary angiogenesis through vascular endothelial growth factor-receptor 2 (Vegfr2) expressed in the endocardium. In this study, we investigated the role of endocardially-produced soluble Vegfr1 (sVegfr1) in the ...
Zheng Yi - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the safety and feasibility of performing transendocardial electromechanical mapping and mesenchymal precursor stem cell injections after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation in a sheep model of acute myocardial infarction. Six sheep were assigned to either an acute or chronic group. Then ...
Pirillo Angela - - 2013
Lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), the main oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) in endothelial cells, is upregulated in atherosclerotic lesions and is involved in several cellular processes that regulate the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The LOX-1 expressed on the cell surface can be proteolytically cleaved and released in a soluble ...
Ale Angelique - - 2013
Cardiomyocyte loss via apoptosis plays a crucial role in ventricular remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI). Cell-based therapy approaches using bone marrow derived c-kit(+) pluripotent cells may attenuate apoptosis following ischemic injury. We therefore thought to examine the early course of apoptosis following myocardial infarction - in-vivo - and non-invasively determine ...
Sawa Yoshiki Y Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine E1, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, - - 2013
Heart failure is a life-threatening disorder worldwide and many papers reported about myocardial regeneration through surgical method induced by LVAD, cellular cardiomyoplasty (cell injection), tissue cardiomyoplasty (bioengineered cardiac graft implantation), in situ engineering (scaffold implantation), and LV restrictive devices. Some of these innovated technologies have been introduced to clinical settings. ...
Malaguarnera Michele - - 2013
Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) is an LDL-like molecule consisting of an apolipoprotein B-100 (apo(B-100)) particle attached by a disulphide bridge to apo(a). Many observations have pointed out that Lp(a) levels may be a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Lp(a) inhibits the activation of transforming growth factor (TGF) and contributes to the growth ...
Musialek Piotr - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Effective progenitor cell recruitment to ischemic injury zone is a prerequisite for any potential therapeutic effect. Cell uptake determinants in humans with recent MI are not defined. We tested the hypothesis that myocardial uptake of autologous CD34(+) cells delivered intracoronary after recent MI is related to LVEF and infarct ...
Giordano Céline - - 2013
Coronary artery disease commonly leads to myocardial ischaemia and hibernation. Relevant preclinical models of these conditions are essential to evaluate new therapeutic options such as cell-based vasculogenic therapies. In this article, the authors first review basic concepts of myocardial ischaemia/hibernation and relevant techniques to assess myocardial viability. Then, preclinical models ...
Malliaras Konstantinos - - 2012
Cardiosphere-derived cells have been shown to regenerate infarcted myocardium in patients after myocardial infarction. However, whether the cells of the newly-formed myocardium originate from the proliferation of adult cardiomyocyte or from the differentiation of endogenous stem cells remains unknown. Using genetic fate mapping to mark resident myocytes in combination with ...
Kim Sung-Whan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We previously reported that amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (AMMs) possess high angio-vasulogenic properties. In this study, we investigated the chemotactic abilities of AMMs for improved cardiac function and regenerative angiogenesis. METHODS: The expressions of chemotactic and angiogenic genes were determined by qRT-PCR. Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in NOD/SCID ...
Abeysekera Walimuni Yohan Mendis - - 2012
Abstract Abeysekera, W.Y.M., W.D.D. de Silva, S.S. Pinnaduwa, and A.S.K. Banagala. Acute Massive Splenic Infarction with Splenic Vein Thrombosis Following Altitude Exposure of a Sri Lankan Male with Undetected Sickle Cell Trait. High Alt Med Biol 13:288-290, 2012. -Even though sickle cell disease is not common in Sri Lanka, we ...
Cosmo Simone - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the functional and anatomical-pathological effect of transplantation of bone marrow mononuclear cells associated to aquatic physical activity after myocardial infarction in rats. METHODS: Twenty-one rats were induced by myocardial infarction, through left coronary artery ligation. After a week, the animals were subjected to echocardiography for evaluation of ...
Li Quanzhong - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are important for maintaining the normal function and structure of endothelial cells. We tested the hypothesis that patients with coronary slow flow (CSF) have reduced circulating EPCs that may contribute to the pathogenesis of the CSF phenomenon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with angiographically proven ...
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