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Fujiwara Keiichi K 1 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hyogo prefectural Amagasaki Hospital, Hyogo, - - 2014
A Japanese girl first pointed out the mass in the left atrial appendage by the echocardiography on the 3rd day of life. At 30th day of life, the mass in the left atrial appendage was excised en bloc successfully under cardiopulmonary bypass because it appeared mobile. Its pathologic finding revealed ...
Palios John J Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University Hospital , Atlanta, Georgia , - - 2014
Based on a case of suspected ischemic heart disease we review hiatal hernia causing chest pain. Rest echocardiography images were suggestive of cardiac mass in the left atrium. Dobutamine stress echocardiogram was negative for inducible ischemia. Multi-slice computed tomography of the chest was performed showing that a large hiatal hernia ...
Choi Seon Yoon SY Cardiovascular Research Institute, Kosin University School of Medicine, Busan, - - 2014
Excessive catecholamine causes the alteration of cardiac structure and function. This study evaluated if there is any difference in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and QTc prolongation in conditions with pheochromocytoma and Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC). We reviewed the medical records of 20 pheochromocytoma patients for cardiovascular events prior to diagnosis. The ...
Balcioğlu Akif Serhat AS Deparment of Cardiology, Medical and Research Center of Alanya, Başkent University, Antalya, - - 2014
Currently, there is not enough echocardiographic information regarding aging-associated changes in the octogenarian population. We aimed to characterize echocardiographic measures of structure and function among a group of healthy octogenarians. Approximately 350 octogenarians, residing in nursing homes, were screened in Ankara, Turkey. According to inclusion criteria, 40 octogenarians were enrolled. ...
Laaksonen Marko S MS 1Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden; and 2Turku PET Centre, 3Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, 4Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, and Turku University Hospital, Turku, - - 2014
Endurance training induces cardiovascular and metabolic adaptations leading to enhanced endurance capacity and exercise performance. Previous human studies have shown contradictory results in functional myocardial vascular adaptations to exercise training and we hypothesized that this may be related to different degree of hypertrophy in the trained heart. We studied the ...
Skitek Milan M Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Biochemistry, 2Department for Cardiology; University Medical Centre Ljubljana, - - 2014
Aim The glycogen phosphorylase isoenzyme BB (GPBB), as an ischemic marker, has not yet been investigated after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). ose aim of the study was to monitor GPBB, creatine kinase myocardial isoform (CK-MB) mass) and troponin I (TnI) value after PCI in correlation with ischemic incidents. Methods ...
Angell Peter J PJ Health Sciences Department, Liverpool Hope University, Hope Park, Liverpool, L16 9JD, UK, - - 2014
Anabolic steroid (AS) misuse is widespread amongst recreational bodybuilders; however, their effects on the cardiovascular system are uncertain. Our aim was to document the impact of AS use on cardiac structure, function and the presence of focal fibrosis using the gold standard cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). A cross-sectional cohort ...
Zhu Meihua M Department of Medical Ultrasound, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China; Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the feasibility and accuracy of nongated four-dimensional echocardiography (4DE) for determining left ventricular (LV) stroke volume (SV) and mass in a fetal heart-sized LV model. A balloon was inserted into the LV of 20 fresh rabbit hearts and attached to a calibrated pulsatile pump. Ten ...
Rangel Inês I Cardiology Department, Centro Hospitalar de S. João, Porto, Portugal; Faculty of Medicine of Porto University, Porto, - - 2014
The heterogeneous distribution of hypertrophy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) limits the echocardiographic conventional measurements accuracy in the evaluation of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). The aim of this study was to assess the correlation of the echocardiographic Spirito-Maron score (SMS) with left ventricle (LV) mass quantification by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) ...
Cramer Gilbert G Department of Cardiology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Elevated cardiac troponin can be seen in patients with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and in asymptomatic subjects with a high a priori risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) troponin can be detected as well, but little is known about the contribution of LV mass, on the one ...
Shah Ravi V RV Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with the development of atrial fibrillation (AF), and both obesity and AF are independently associated with the development of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. We tested the hypothesis that sleep apnea (SA) would have a body mass index (BMI) independent association with adverse left ventricular (LV) ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073184.].
Cinar Bahar B 1 Department of Pediatrics, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Konya, - - 2013
Background: Previous studies have demonstrated structural changes in the heart and cardiac dysfunction in foetuses with intrauterine growth restriction. There are no available data that evaluated left ventricular dimensions and mass in neonates with symmetric and asymmetric intrauterine growth restriction. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate left ventricular dimensions, systolic functions, ...
Mencarelli Francesca F Department of Pediatrics, Nephrology Unit, S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, via Massarenti 11, 40138, Bologna, - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) are early markers. The aims of this study were to evaluate (1) LVH and LVDD, using both conventional echocardiographic evaluation and Tissue Doppler Imaging ...
Schipke Julia - - 2013
Body mass (BM) of terrestrial mammalian species ranges from a few grams in the case of the Etruscan shrew to a few tonnes for an elephant. The mass-specific metabolic rate, as well as heart rate, decrease with increasing BM, whereas heart mass is proportional to BM. In the present study, ...
Yasuda Shota - - 2013
The patient was a 72-year-old man with left hemiparesis. Multiple hemorrhagic cerebral infarctions were recognized on a computed tomographic (CT) scan. A transesophageal echocardiogram showed a huge left atrial mass, which was floating and nearly obstructed the mitral orifice in the diastolic phase. Emergency left atrial mass removal was performed. ...
Rao Rajeev V - - 2013
We present the case of a healthy, asymptomatic 50-year-old woman with a systolic ejection murmur who was found to have an obstructive left ventricular outflow tract mass. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a large mobile mass attached to the basal anterior septum of the left ventricle. Surgical resection was performed and a ...
Wald Ron - - 2013
We aimed to clarify the correlates of left ventricular mass and secondarily, left ventricular volume, in a cohort of prevalent hemodialysis recipients. Left ventricular hypertrophy is common and left ventricular mass is a widely-accepted surrogate for clinical outcomes in dialysis recipients, who are often subjected to chronic pressure and volume ...
Alexandre Joachim - - 2013
After an old myocardial infarction (MI), patients are at risk for reentrant ventricular tachycardia (VT) due to scar tissue that can be accurately identified by late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR). Although the ability of LGE-CMR to predict sustained VT in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) recipients has been well established, ...
Akn Fatih - - 2013
Vitamin D deficiency is common and may contribute to cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesized that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels would be inversely associated with inflammation and with diastolic dysfunction. We therefore investigated the link between serum vitamin D levels (i) echocardiographic measures and (ii) inflammatory parameters. The cross-sectional study included ...
Santarpino Giuseppe - - 2013
Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy in aortic stenosis (AS) is considered a compensatory response helping maintain systolic function, but constitutes a risk factor for cardiac morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the degree of LV mass regression after sutureless implantation of the Perceval S aortic valve ...
Ejim E C - - 2013
Background: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is an excellent initial diagnostic technique used to evaluate and diagnose cardiac masses, even though transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) provides superior image resolution and better visualization of cardiac masses, especially in patients with suboptimal transthoracic echocardiographic studies. TTE is the clinical procedure of choice for identification of ...
Catena Cristiana - - 2013
In hypertensive patients the propensity to develop organ damage is under the influence of several factors, including the existence of a prothrombotic state. We tested the hypothesis that an activated hemostatic system is associated with left-ventricular diastolic dysfunction as assessed by tissue-Doppler imaging (TDI). In 198 patients with untreated essential ...
Shao Chen - - 2013
Divisional morphogenesis in the freshwater spirotrichous ciliate, Trichototaxis songiChen et al., 2007, was investigated. The main morphogenetic events are characterised as follows: (1) the parental oral apparatus is completely renewed by the independently formed oral primordium in the proter; (2) the oral primordium in the opisthe is formed on the ...
Forman Mervyn B - - 2013
Aims: Microvascular obstruction (MVO) and "no-reflow phenomenon" (NRP) remain barriers to optimal tissue perfusion after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The purpose of this study was to develop, characterise, and test an adenosine-eluting guidewire (Adenowire) for coronary vasodilation. Methods and results: Utilising polyurethane chemistry, we developed a non-toxic pentameric form of ...
Song Young - - 2013
Tissue Doppler imaging of systolic mitral annular velocity (Sm) has been shown to be able to detect early left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in the presence of chronic severe mitral regurgitation with normal left ventricular ejection fraction. We investigated the association of preoperative Sm with LV reverse remodeling after mitral valve ...
Kidambi Ananth A Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Research Centre & The Division of Cardiovascular and Diabetes Research, Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health & Therapeutics, University of Leeds, , Leeds, United - - 2013
ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) is frequently associated with reciprocal ST depression in contralateral ECG leads. The relevance of these changes is debated. This study examined whether reciprocal ECG changes in STEMI reflect larger myocardial area at risk (AAR) and/or infarct size. Patients were stratified by presence of reciprocal change ...
Bustamante Juan - - 2013
Primary cardiac tumors constitute an infrequent heart pathology with a generally good prognosis. We present the case of a 45-year-old woman without a relevant medical history and with recurrent transient ischemic attacks of unknown origin. After follow-up with neurologic examination and repeated echocardiograms, an elongated mobile mass image was seen ...
Uberoi Abhimanyu - - 2013
In determining what is "abnormal"-in terms of cardiac electrical and morphologic remodeling in athletes-it is important to identify what is "normal" or expected. With specialization for each position in a football team lineup, we attempted to describe the association between the position played and the physiologic cardiac changes of designated ...
Bhave Nicole M - - 2013
To summarize research on the use of 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography for quantifying left ventricular (LV) volumes, ejection fraction, and mass, and to describe emerging applications of the technology. Several publications have provided reference values for LV volumes and ejection fraction by 3D transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE) in normal patients. With real-time ...
Szwejkowski Benjamin R - - 2013
s This study sought to ascertain if high-dose allopurinol regresses left ventricular mass (LVM) in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH) is common in T2DM and contributes to their high cardiovascular (CV) event rate. Oxidative stress (OS) has been implicated in LVH development and allopurinol ...
Lewandowski Adam J - - 2013
Young adults born preterm have distinct differences in left ventricular mass, function, and geometry. Animal studies suggest that cardiomyocyte changes are evident in both ventricles after preterm birth; therefore, we investigated whether these young adults also have differences in their right ventricular structure and function. We studied 102 preterm-born young ...
Harhay Michael O - - 2013
Inflammation contributes to the pathogenesis of disease associated with the left ventricle (LV); yet, our understanding of the effect of inflammation on the right ventricle (RV) is quite limited. The relationships of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and fibrinogen with RV morphology and function (from cardiac MRI) were examined in ...
Garg Bindu - - 2013
Background: Echocardiographic determination of Left Ventricle Mass (LVM) - an important marker of cardiovascular disease, has been given a lot of importance in clinical diagnosis and in planning of treatment. Clinically asymptomatic compensated hypertensives show some pathological findings which are indicative of left ventricular dysfunction. Methods: The study population of ...
Kadi Hasan - - 2013
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in patients with hypertension. In hypertensive hypertrophy, the pathophysiological mechanism is the accumulation of collagen in the myocardium. Fragmented QRS (fQRS) complexes are associated with myocardial fibrosis. The study population included 90 patients with hypertension and a normal coronary ...
Iyer Anand A Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Townsville Hospital, Queensland, - - 2014
A 40-year-old man with Crohn's disease was found to have recurrence of a large left ventricular mass on echocardiography during workup for stricturoplasty. He presented with left limb emboli. He had been diagnosed with a left ventricular thrombus 2 years earlier, with multiple cerebral and peripheral emboli, and underwent surgery. ...
Oueida Farouk M FM Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Saud Al-Babtain Cardiac Center, Dammam, Eastern Province, Saudi - - 2014
A young Saudi woman presented with symptoms of palpitation, near syncope, anxiety, and fatigue. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a left ventricular mass. Under cardiopulmonary bypass, brief cardioplegic arrest, and the aid of a thoracoscope, the mass was resected. Histologic examination showed a rare benign cardiac tumor: mixed cavernous-capillary hemangioma.
Spiewak Mateusz - - 2013
INTRODUCTION Data regarding factors affecting left- (LVEF) and right-ventricular (RVEF) ejection fractions in patients after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair are inconsistent.  OBJECTIVES To assess determinants of LVEF and RVEF in a large cohort of patients with repaired TOF. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study comprised 122 patients with repaired TOF (median age 24.2 ...
Srinivas Sunil Kumar - - 2013
Thrombus formation in left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) of a normal heart is a very rare occurrence. A 23-year-old male who presented with syncope, on evaluation found to have obstructing mass in the LVOT. His heart was otherwise normal. His investigations were not contributory except for significant eosinophilia. Due to ...
Rich David Q - - 2013
Previous studies have reported an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) associated with acute increases in PM concentration. Recently, we reported that MI/fine particle (PM2.5) associations may be limited to transmural infarctions. In this study, we retained data on hospital discharges with a primary diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (using ...
Tracy Richard E - - 2013
When overweight or hypertension is present, some patients at first examination exhibit left ventricular (LV) dilation and others concentric hypertrophy that persists indefinitely. Perhaps the ventricles with the fewest myocytes could enter systolic dysfunction with dilation and those with more myocytes may sustain persistent concentric hypertrophy. Cardiomyocyte numbers, MyN, were ...
Noori Noormohammad N Children and Adolescent Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, - - 2013
Patients suffering from major beta thalassemia need frequent blood transfusions and, if not treated well, would be at risk of heart dysfunction. This study was performed to determine the diagnostic value of electrocardiography versus echocardiography in measuring the left ventricular mass index in these patients. Between July 2010 and June ...
Trocino Giuseppe - - 2013
Three years after surgical resection of oesophageal tumour, during the regular instrumental oncologic follow-up performed by thoracic computed tomography scan in an otherwise asymptomatic 48-year-old man, a left ventricular mass was detected. It developed during a 6-month-period, and at the time of discovery it measured 63 × 61 mm. The mass was further ...
Kusunose Kenya - - 2013
The standard echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular (LV) mass, particularly in ischemic cardiomyopathy (IC) is challenging because it is based on geometric assumptions. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of LV mass calculation using echocardiographic modalities compared with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in IC and in ...
Gerloni Riccardo - - 2013
A 74-year-old man was referred to hospital for sustained dyspnea. The patient was normotensive (110/70 mmHg) with clinical evidence of congestive heart failure. ECG showed atrial flutter (145 bpm). Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated a mildly dilated left ventricle with severe systolic dysfunction and a big irregular mobile mass, a mildly dilated right ventricle ...
Dullaart Robin P F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Plasma lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) mass predicts future cardiovascular events in the non-acute setting. We tested the extent to which Lp-PLA2 is elevated in patients with acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: 231 consecutive patients referred for acute chest pain participated. 144 were diagnosed with myocardial infarction (MI; 100 were classified ...
Sjöberg Lind Ylva - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Established risk factors for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. However, as these risk factors explain only part of the variation in left ventricular mass, we investigated whether persistent organic pollutants (POPs) might also play a role in LVH, because exposure to polychlorinated biphenyl 126 induced ...
Kang Soo-Jin - - 2013
This study sought to assess differences in visual-functional mismatches between men and women. Sex differences in mismatch between coronary anatomy and function remain poorly understood. We assessed quantitative coronary angiography, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), fractional flow reserve (FFR), and echocardiographic left ventricular mass in a prospective cohort of 700 patients (493 ...
Plank Fabian F Department of Radiology, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, Canada; ; Department of Radiology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, - - 2013
A 61-year-old asymptomatic woman was referred for echocardiography to evaluate recently detected systolic murmur. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed an echodense obstructive mass in the left ventricular outflow tract of unclear origin. Subsequent transesophageal echo suggested an intracardiac calcified tumor and recommended surgical excision. Contrast-enhanced cardiac computed tomography (CT) confirmed a well-defined ...
Germain Dominique P - - 2013
Purpose:The aim of this study was to evaluate the progression of left ventricular hypertrophy in untreated men with Fabry disease and to assess the effects of agalsidase-β (recombinant human α-galactosidase A) on left ventricular hypertrophy.Methods:Longitudinal Fabry Registry data were analyzed from 115 men treated with agalsidase-β (1 mg/kg/2 weeks) and 48 ...
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