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Taguchi Eiji E Division of Cardiology, Saiseikai Kumamoto Hospital Cardiovascular Center, 5-3-1 Chikami, Minami-ku, Kumamoto, 861-4193, - - 2014
A 63-year-old man with chest pain at rest was referred to our hospital. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a mobile ball-like mass at the top of the right coronary cusp. Subsequently, transesophageal echocardiography also showed a mobile mass at the right coronary cusp. Aortic valve replacement with a mechanical valve was performed ...
Dendramis Gregory G U.O.C. di Cardiologia, Scuola di Specializzazione in Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare, A.O.U.P. 'P. Giaccone', Università degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo, - - 2014
Metastases to the heart and pericardium are rare. We present a 44-year-old male with pleural dedifferentiated liposarcoma and multiple metastases, with no previous cardiological history and/or cardiac symptoms. A transthoracic echocardiogram during the advanced stage of disease showed a lobulated, large and mobile mass, with homogeneous echogenicity, attached to the ...
Kovács Attila A Cardiovascular Imaging Research Group, Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, 68 Városmajor Street, Budapest, 1122, Hungary, - - 2014
Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and one of its inducers, the fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) were found to be associated with unfavourable outcome in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. We sought to investigate the influence of hemodialysis (HD), increased LV mass and FGF-23 on LV mechanics using three-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking ...
Ter Maaten Jozine M JM Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, 9713 GZ, Groningen, The - - 2014
In chronic heart failure (CHF), low body mass as a reflection of low muscle mass has been associated with poor outcome. Urinary creatinine excretion rate (CER) is an established marker of muscle mass, but has not been investigated in CHF. This study aims to evaluate urinary CER as a marker ...
Sabzi Feridoun F Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Imam Ali Heart Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, - - 2014
We report an exceptional case of, 33-year-old woman presenting with, dyspnoea and chest pain, Cardio respiratory sign and symptom related to diastolic dysfunction caused by mass effect of thrombosis on diastolic filling of left ventricule (LV). The common aetiologies of these devastating complication results in thrombophillia diagnosis, and echocardioghraphy showed ...
Kim Jun Hyun JH Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, 2240 Daehwa-dong, IlsanSeo-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, - - 2014
A 76-year-old male patient was admitted for mitral valvuloplasty. He had suffered a myocardial infarction 7 months earlier, and two stents had been inserted in the left main coronary artery and left circumflex artery. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography revealed a 10 × 8 mm echogenic mass at the ostium of the ...
Van Tosh Andrew A From the *Department of Research, St Francis Hospital, Roslyn; and †Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, Manhasset and New Hyde Park, - - 2014
Changes in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) seen in gated Rb data are of interest because the heart is in a genuinely different physiologic state during stress than at rest. A measure that validates internal consistency of LV EF data would be highly desirable. Left ventricular mass calculations are ...
Bacharova Ljuba L International Laser Center, Bratislava, Slovak Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
The classical paradigm of electrocardiographic diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is based on empirical finding of increased QRS voltage in cases of LVH and a continuous effort is devoted to finding ECG criteria that agree best with LVH classification according to an ECG-independent standard such as echocardiographic LVH (echo-LVH) ...
Angeli Fabio F Division of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Pathophysiology, University Hospital "S.M. della Misericordia", Perugia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity reduces the accuracy of voltage-based electrocardiographic (ECG) criteria for diagnosis of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. We developed a new ECG score for diagnosis of LV hypertrophy, defined either by a typical strain pattern or a product of the Cornell voltage (R wave height in lead aVL plus S wave ...
Kline Kristopher P KP University of Florida, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, , - - 2014
A 63-year-old man presented with dyspnea and night sweats. Blood work revealed an elevated white count of 23.7 × 10 cells/l with 33% eosinophils and bone marrow biopsy made a diagnosis of myeloproliferative eosinophilia. Transthoracic echocardiography found a large left ventricular mass filling the distal third of the cavity. Transesophageal echocardiograpm confirmed the ...
Bacharova Ljuba L International Laser Center, Ilkovicova 3, 841 04 Bratislava, Slovak Republic. - - 2014
The traditional approach to the ECG diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is focused onthe best estimation of left ventricular mass (LVM) i.e. finding ECG criteria that agree with LVM as detected by imaging. However, it has been consistently reported that the magnitude of agreement is rather low as reflected ...
Czosek Richard J RJ Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, - - 2014
In attempts to detect diseases that may place adolescents at risk for sudden death, some have advocated for population-based screening. Controversy exists over electrocardiography (ECG) screening due to the lack of specificity, cost, and detrimental effects of false positive or extraneous outcomes. Analyze the relationship between precordial lead voltage on ...
Lee Tae Ho TH Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Mitochondrial disease (MD) and Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are often associated with cardiomyopathy, but the myocardial variability has not been isolated to a specific characteristic. We evaluated the left ventricular (LV) mass by echocardiography to identify the general distribution and functional changes of the myocardium in patients with MD or ...
Fujiwara Keiichi K 1 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hyogo prefectural Amagasaki Hospital, Hyogo, - - 2014
A Japanese girl first pointed out the mass in the left atrial appendage by the echocardiography on the 3rd day of life. At 30th day of life, the mass in the left atrial appendage was excised en bloc successfully under cardiopulmonary bypass because it appeared mobile. Its pathologic finding revealed ...
Palios John J Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University Hospital , Atlanta, Georgia , - - 2014
Based on a case of suspected ischemic heart disease we review hiatal hernia causing chest pain. Rest echocardiography images were suggestive of cardiac mass in the left atrium. Dobutamine stress echocardiogram was negative for inducible ischemia. Multi-slice computed tomography of the chest was performed showing that a large hiatal hernia ...
Choi Seon Yoon SY Cardiovascular Research Institute, Kosin University School of Medicine, Busan, - - 2014
Excessive catecholamine causes the alteration of cardiac structure and function. This study evaluated if there is any difference in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and QTc prolongation in conditions with pheochromocytoma and Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC). We reviewed the medical records of 20 pheochromocytoma patients for cardiovascular events prior to diagnosis. The ...
Seo Guang-Won GW Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, - - 2014
Cardiac papillary fibroelastomas (CPF) are benign cardiac tumors and usually discovered incidentally during echocardiography. This report describes the case of a 68-year-old man, referred to cardiology for multiple masses of the left ventricle and left atrium. The transthoracic echocardiography revealed multiple oscillating masses in the left ventricle and aortic valve, ...
Capoulade Romain R Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec/Québec Heart and Lung Institute, Laval University, Québec City, Québec, - - 2014
Recent studies have reported that obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes are associated with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) and dysfunction in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). The purpose of this study was to examine the association between amount and distribution of body fat and LVH and systolic dysfunction in AS ...
Balcioğlu Akif Serhat AS Deparment of Cardiology, Medical and Research Center of Alanya, Başkent University, Antalya, - - 2014
Currently, there is not enough echocardiographic information regarding aging-associated changes in the octogenarian population. We aimed to characterize echocardiographic measures of structure and function among a group of healthy octogenarians. Approximately 350 octogenarians, residing in nursing homes, were screened in Ankara, Turkey. According to inclusion criteria, 40 octogenarians were enrolled. ...
Laaksonen Marko S MS 1Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden; and 2Turku PET Centre, 3Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, 4Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, and Turku University Hospital, Turku, - - 2014
Endurance training induces cardiovascular and metabolic adaptations leading to enhanced endurance capacity and exercise performance. Previous human studies have shown contradictory results in functional myocardial vascular adaptations to exercise training and we hypothesized that this may be related to different degree of hypertrophy in the trained heart. We studied the ...
Skitek Milan M Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Biochemistry, 2Department for Cardiology; University Medical Centre Ljubljana, - - 2014
Aim The glycogen phosphorylase isoenzyme BB (GPBB), as an ischemic marker, has not yet been investigated after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). ose aim of the study was to monitor GPBB, creatine kinase myocardial isoform (CK-MB) mass) and troponin I (TnI) value after PCI in correlation with ischemic incidents. Methods ...
Angell Peter J PJ Health Sciences Department, Liverpool Hope University, Hope Park, Liverpool, L16 9JD, UK, - - 2014
Anabolic steroid (AS) misuse is widespread amongst recreational bodybuilders; however, their effects on the cardiovascular system are uncertain. Our aim was to document the impact of AS use on cardiac structure, function and the presence of focal fibrosis using the gold standard cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). A cross-sectional cohort ...
Zhu Meihua M Department of Medical Ultrasound, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China; Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the feasibility and accuracy of nongated four-dimensional echocardiography (4DE) for determining left ventricular (LV) stroke volume (SV) and mass in a fetal heart-sized LV model. A balloon was inserted into the LV of 20 fresh rabbit hearts and attached to a calibrated pulsatile pump. Ten ...
Rangel Inês I Cardiology Department, Centro Hospitalar de S. João, Porto, Portugal; Faculty of Medicine of Porto University, Porto, - - 2014
The heterogeneous distribution of hypertrophy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) limits the echocardiographic conventional measurements accuracy in the evaluation of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). The aim of this study was to assess the correlation of the echocardiographic Spirito-Maron score (SMS) with left ventricle (LV) mass quantification by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) ...
Cramer Gilbert G Department of Cardiology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Elevated cardiac troponin can be seen in patients with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and in asymptomatic subjects with a high a priori risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) troponin can be detected as well, but little is known about the contribution of LV mass, on the one ...
Shah Ravi V RV Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with the development of atrial fibrillation (AF), and both obesity and AF are independently associated with the development of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. We tested the hypothesis that sleep apnea (SA) would have a body mass index (BMI) independent association with adverse left ventricular (LV) ...
Yalın Kıvanç K Department of Cardiology, İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul University; İstanbul-Turkey. - - 2014
Microvolt T-wave Alternans (TWA) is associated with abnormal repolarization and predicts arrhythmic mortality in patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI). Infarct tissue size and heterogeneity characterized by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has been shown to be associated with arrhythmogenic substrates and sudden cardiac death. Although both delayed enhancement-CMR (de-CMR) and ...
Dhutia Harshil H St George's University, London, - - 2014
Hiatus hernia is a common medical condition. An elderly woman being investigated for dyspnoea of unknown aetiology had a transthoracic echocardiogram as part of her investigations. This alarmingly demonstrated a large left atrial mass. Further assessment with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large hiatus hernia compressing the left atrium ...
Ale O K OK Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Lagos/Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, - - 2014
Prehypertension has been associated with target-organ damage. This study sought to determine the impact of prehypertension (PHT) on QT dispersion and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in adult black Nigerians. One hundred and one subjects with office blood pressure ( BP) < 140/90 mmHg were categorised according to their office BP ...
Vormbrock Julia J 1. Department of Cardiology and Angiology, University of Bochum, - - 2014
Although chronic pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular (RV) function carry important functional and prognostic implications in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC), little information on RV muscle mass (RVMM) and its determinants has been published. Our study comprised thirty-five consecutive patients with IDC, left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction <40% and NYHA class ...
Cinar Bahar B 1 Department of Pediatrics, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Konya, - - 2013
Background: Previous studies have demonstrated structural changes in the heart and cardiac dysfunction in foetuses with intrauterine growth restriction. There are no available data that evaluated left ventricular dimensions and mass in neonates with symmetric and asymmetric intrauterine growth restriction. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate left ventricular dimensions, systolic functions, ...
Mencarelli Francesca F Department of Pediatrics, Nephrology Unit, S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, via Massarenti 11, 40138, Bologna, - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) are early markers. The aims of this study were to evaluate (1) LVH and LVDD, using both conventional echocardiographic evaluation and Tissue Doppler Imaging ...
Schipke Julia - - 2013
Body mass (BM) of terrestrial mammalian species ranges from a few grams in the case of the Etruscan shrew to a few tonnes for an elephant. The mass-specific metabolic rate, as well as heart rate, decrease with increasing BM, whereas heart mass is proportional to BM. In the present study, ...
Yasuda Shota - - 2013
The patient was a 72-year-old man with left hemiparesis. Multiple hemorrhagic cerebral infarctions were recognized on a computed tomographic (CT) scan. A transesophageal echocardiogram showed a huge left atrial mass, which was floating and nearly obstructed the mitral orifice in the diastolic phase. Emergency left atrial mass removal was performed. ...
Rao Rajeev V - - 2013
We present the case of a healthy, asymptomatic 50-year-old woman with a systolic ejection murmur who was found to have an obstructive left ventricular outflow tract mass. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a large mobile mass attached to the basal anterior septum of the left ventricle. Surgical resection was performed and a ...
Wald Ron - - 2013
We aimed to clarify the correlates of left ventricular mass and secondarily, left ventricular volume, in a cohort of prevalent hemodialysis recipients. Left ventricular hypertrophy is common and left ventricular mass is a widely-accepted surrogate for clinical outcomes in dialysis recipients, who are often subjected to chronic pressure and volume ...
Alexandre Joachim - - 2013
After an old myocardial infarction (MI), patients are at risk for reentrant ventricular tachycardia (VT) due to scar tissue that can be accurately identified by late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR). Although the ability of LGE-CMR to predict sustained VT in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) recipients has been well established, ...
Alassal Mohamed A MA Prince Salman Heart Center, King Fahd Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Banha University, Egypt - - 2013
Prostheses used for aortic valve replacement may be small in relation to body size, causing prosthesis-patient mismatch and delaying left ventricular mass regression. This study examined the effect of prosthesis-patient mismatch on regression of left ventricular mass after aortic valve replacement. We prospectively studied 96 patients undergoing aortic valve replacement ...
Akn Fatih - - 2013
Vitamin D deficiency is common and may contribute to cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesized that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels would be inversely associated with inflammation and with diastolic dysfunction. We therefore investigated the link between serum vitamin D levels (i) echocardiographic measures and (ii) inflammatory parameters. The cross-sectional study included ...
Santarpino Giuseppe - - 2013
Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy in aortic stenosis (AS) is considered a compensatory response helping maintain systolic function, but constitutes a risk factor for cardiac morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the degree of LV mass regression after sutureless implantation of the Perceval S aortic valve ...
Catena Cristiana - - 2013
In hypertensive patients the propensity to develop organ damage is under the influence of several factors, including the existence of a prothrombotic state. We tested the hypothesis that an activated hemostatic system is associated with left-ventricular diastolic dysfunction as assessed by tissue-Doppler imaging (TDI). In 198 patients with untreated essential ...
Ejim E C EC Department of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, - - 2013
Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is an excellent initial diagnostic technique used to evaluate and diagnose cardiac masses, even though transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) provides superior image resolution and better visualization of cardiac masses, especially in patients with suboptimal transthoracic echocardiographic studies. TTE is the clinical procedure of choice for identification of left ...
Shao Chen - - 2013
Divisional morphogenesis in the freshwater spirotrichous ciliate, Trichototaxis songiChen et al., 2007, was investigated. The main morphogenetic events are characterised as follows: (1) the parental oral apparatus is completely renewed by the independently formed oral primordium in the proter; (2) the oral primordium in the opisthe is formed on the ...
Forman Mervyn B - - 2013
Aims: Microvascular obstruction (MVO) and "no-reflow phenomenon" (NRP) remain barriers to optimal tissue perfusion after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The purpose of this study was to develop, characterise, and test an adenosine-eluting guidewire (Adenowire) for coronary vasodilation. Methods and results: Utilising polyurethane chemistry, we developed a non-toxic pentameric form of ...
Song Young - - 2013
Tissue Doppler imaging of systolic mitral annular velocity (Sm) has been shown to be able to detect early left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in the presence of chronic severe mitral regurgitation with normal left ventricular ejection fraction. We investigated the association of preoperative Sm with LV reverse remodeling after mitral valve ...
Kidambi Ananth A Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Research Centre & The Division of Cardiovascular and Diabetes Research, Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health & Therapeutics, University of Leeds, , Leeds, United - - 2013
ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) is frequently associated with reciprocal ST depression in contralateral ECG leads. The relevance of these changes is debated. This study examined whether reciprocal ECG changes in STEMI reflect larger myocardial area at risk (AAR) and/or infarct size. Patients were stratified by presence of reciprocal change ...
Bustamante Juan - - 2013
Primary cardiac tumors constitute an infrequent heart pathology with a generally good prognosis. We present the case of a 45-year-old woman without a relevant medical history and with recurrent transient ischemic attacks of unknown origin. After follow-up with neurologic examination and repeated echocardiograms, an elongated mobile mass image was seen ...
Uberoi Abhimanyu - - 2013
In determining what is "abnormal"-in terms of cardiac electrical and morphologic remodeling in athletes-it is important to identify what is "normal" or expected. With specialization for each position in a football team lineup, we attempted to describe the association between the position played and the physiologic cardiac changes of designated ...
Bhave Nicole M - - 2013
To summarize research on the use of 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography for quantifying left ventricular (LV) volumes, ejection fraction, and mass, and to describe emerging applications of the technology. Several publications have provided reference values for LV volumes and ejection fraction by 3D transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE) in normal patients. With real-time ...
Szwejkowski Benjamin R - - 2013
s This study sought to ascertain if high-dose allopurinol regresses left ventricular mass (LVM) in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH) is common in T2DM and contributes to their high cardiovascular (CV) event rate. Oxidative stress (OS) has been implicated in LVH development and allopurinol ...
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