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Results 401 - 450 of 464
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Cintron G B - - 1981
To evaluate the incidence, clinical characteristics and course of right ventricular infarction, 96 patients with an established diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction were evaluated during a 10 month study period. Of the 44 patients with acute inferior wall myocardial infarction, 16 had bedside evidence of right ventricular dysfunction. All had ...
Storstein O - - 1981
Seven hundred and ninety-five consecutive patients with the diagnosis of angina pectoris were studied by coronary angiography and followed for 2-7 years. The prognosis is greatly determined by the extent of coronary artery involvement. Concomitant mitral insufficiency or ventricular aneurysm influence the prognosis adversely. There was no significant difference in ...
Samek L - - 1981
In a follow-up study (mean = 3.6 years) of 555 men under 40 years of age (mean = 35.7 years) who had recently suffered transmural myocardial infarction, 44 patients (7.9%) suffered cardiac death with an annual rate of 2.2%. In a bivariate analysis a significant correlation was found between cardiac ...
Julian D G - - 1981
Numerous variables have been identified as having prognostic value after infarction. The significance of each of these depends both on the time after the event when the observation is made and the length of follow-up. Although much prognostic information has been published, its validity is difficult to establish because the ...
Lengyel M - - 1981
A follow-up study was carried out in 98 patients with congestive cardiomyopathy using clinical data and M-mode echocardiography. 59 patients survived (mean follow-up period 18 months), 39 patients died (mean survival period 12.6 months). Median survival time was 3 years. Prognosis was unfavorably affected by ECG signs (left bundle branch ...
Haffajee C I - - 1980
Oral tocainide was used as a long-term antiarrhythmic in patients with symptomatic high-grade ventricular ectopic activity refractory to conventional antiarrhythmic agents. Eleven of the 22 patients had a previous myocardial infarction (three patients had a ventricular aneurysm). Unacceptable side effects precluded long-term use of tocainide in two patients. Long-term tocainide ...
Lupovitch A - - 1980
For cases of myocardial infarction, the laboratory must provide data to help clarify diagnosis, determine prognosis, follow the course of healing, and even quantitate the injury. An interpretive report of sequential enzyme studies performed on samples obtained during the first 48 hours after the admission of patients who had myocardial ...
Luria M H - - 1980
Long-term prognosis following recovery from acute myocardial infarction is related to the extent of myocardial impairment. This is reflected in a variety of clinical laboratory, and electrocardiographic variables which are often routinely obtained during the hospital course of a patient with acute myocardial infarction. When these factors are utilized to ...
Howland J S - - 1980
In a retrospective, five-year follow-up study of 224 patients treated for acute myocardial infarction in a community hospital, there was an 82 percent in-hospital survival rate and an overall 57 percent five-year survival rate. Corrected for expected mortality, the five-year survival rate was 68 percent. Patients who had had a ...
Boxall J - - 1980
This report compares the past history, hospital course and follow-up of 70 patients with nontransmural myocardial infarction compared to 259 patients with transmural myocardial infarction. The pre-infarction history in the two groups is similar with respect to angina and infarction. The hospital course for non-transmural myocardial infarction is not a ...
Pohjola S - - 1980
This study deals with the five-year survival of 728 myocardial infarction patients who survived the first 28 days after the onset of symptoms. The series was collected by the Helsinki Coronary Register and includes all cases of acute myocardial infarction in the population who were under 66 years of age ...
Poehlman J H - - 1980
The clinical characteristics, electrocardiographic changes, and long-term prognosis were studied in 50 patients suffering nontransmural myocardial infarctions. It is concluded that nontransmural myocardial infarcts tend to occur in older patients with known coronary atherosclerosis and these infarctions are frequently preceded by a period of unstable angina. The clinical course is ...
Satiani B - - 1980
One hundred and twenty-two patients with 135 arterial emboli, 31 of whom had had a recent myocardial infarction, were seen during a 12 year period. Six patients died after embolectomy, resulting in a 19 per cent in-hospital mortality, and in five patients, amputation was required. The median time from infarction ...
Thanavaro S - - 1980
We studied the in-hospital mortality and morbidity of 745 patients who had suffered a first myocardial infarction. One hundred twenty-four patients (16.6%) had nontransmural infarction and 621 (83.4%) had transmural infarction. Both groups of patients were similar in the distribution of age, sex, and coronary risk factors. Patients with nontransmural ...
Domenighetti G - - 1980
Short- and long-term prognosis were analysed in 59 patients admitted in the coronary care unit with an acute myocardial infarction, complicated with acute intraventricular (IV) conduction defects. In-hospital mortality of patients with IV conduction disturbances was more than twice (30%) the mortality of patients without IV conduction defects (13%; P ...
Campbell R W - - 1979
Concepts of the incidence, significance and prognosis of almost all cardiac arrhythmias during acute myocardial infarction have changed greatly in the last 15 years. In some cities facilities are available to reach patients in the very earliest phases of ischaemia or infarction. As previously suspected but now confirmed, ventricular fibrillation ...
Salerno T A - - 1979
In a prospective analysis of 36 biopsies from human hearts performed at the time of elective coronary operation, several morphological changes were identified in the myocardium. Some of these changes (fibrosis, vacuolation, edema, and amyloid deposition) are of clinical signficance and may affect the long-term prognosis for patients undergoing revascularization ...
Pacy H - - 1979
Twenty to sixty per cent of myocardial infarctions go unrecognized by patient and doctor, and there is no way to exactly predict these at the moment. But they have a much lower long-term mortality rate than do clinical infarctions. As a rule, a myocardial infarction will be preceded by pain ...
Chatterjee K - - 1979
Cautious administration of vasocilator agents with careful hemodynamic monitoring may improve cardiac function in many patients with severe pump failure and cardiogenic shock complicating myocardial infarction. However, the immediate prognosis tends to improve only in a specific subset of patients, that is, those with left ventricular stroke work index above ...
Kannel W B - - 1979
During 20 years of follow-up of 5,127 men and women initially free of coronary heart disease in the Framingham cohort, 193 men and 53 women had one or more recognized, symptomatic myocardial infarctions. An additional 45 men and 28 women had unrecognized myocardial infarctions. Subsequent mortality and morbidity including angina, ...
Warren S E - - 1979
Sixty-eight survivors of myocardial infarction occurring before the age of 36 years were studied using selective coronary cinearteriograms, regardless of symptoms. Three groups of patients were delineated; 56 patients (82 percent) had obstructive coronary arterial disease, nine (13 percent) had normal coronary arteries, and three (4 percent) had congenital coronary ...
Karimian H O - - 1979
An analysis of 80 patients who had elective coronary arteriography within 6 months after hospital dismissal for acute myocardial infarction showed that approximately two-thirds had multivessel coronary disease. The study is consistent with others reported in the recent literature in suggesting that most patients who survive myocardial infarction have multivessel ...
Szklo M - - 1978
A population-based study was conducted in metropolitan Baltimore in which the short- and long-term prognosis of 283 patients with nontransmural myocardial infarction was compared with that of 953 patients with transmural infraction. After simultaneous adjustment for several variables, the in-hospital case fatality rate was greater for patients with transmural (30.1 ...
Banner M P - - 1978
Vasoseminal vesiculography was performed on 69 asymptomatic men. Considerable variability in the appearance of the normal adult seminal tract was seen. On the left, the normal seminal vesicle averaged 5.6 cm long, 2.0 cm wide, and 0.6 cm in luminal diameter; on the right, it averaged 5.0 cm long, 2.0 ...
Khan A H - - 1978
Apexcardiograms and hemodynamic studies were performed in 32 postmyocardial infarction patients. Group 1 patients (5) had markedly elevated left ventricular end diastolic (LVED) pressures but normal LVED volumes; apexcardiograms included tall A waves (31 percent of the E to O points), prolonged A-wave durations of 134 msec or greater, short ...
Hickie J B - - 1978
Deaths from coronary heart disease and myocardial infarct may occur in previously undiagnosed subjects (the so called pre-hospital phase), in hospital following admission to a coronary care unit, or following discharge. Mortality in the pre-hospital phase has been estimated at 35--40 per cent. Within Australia the mortality in the coronary ...
de Soyza N - - 1978
The long-term prognosis of paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia (PVT) complicating acute myocardial infarction remains unevaluated. Significant ventricular arrhythmia in the patient after infarction is said to carry a poor prognosis with regard to survival. To evaluate these two important aspects of myocardial infarction in man, 56 patients with documented myocardial infarction ...
Peter T - - 1978
The prognostic implications of a past history of ischaemic heart disease, site of infarction, ectopic ventricular dysrhythmias (ventricular premature beats (VPB) more than one in 10 sinus beats, and/or ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF), atrioventricular blocks (AVB), bundle branch blocks (BBB)) and the occurrence of electrical and/or mechanical complications ...
Byrne D G - - 1979
One hundred and eighteen survivors of myocardial infarction were assigned scores on eight dimensions of illness behaviour recently described as arising in response to myocardial infarction. These data were subjected to a cluster analysis to produce an optimal solution of four homogeneous clusters of patients. The first contained patients who, ...
Schulze R A RA - - 1978
Recent studies have suggested a similar prognosis for patients with transmural myocardial infarction and nontransmural myocardial infarction despite a smaller infarct size in the latter patients estimated by creatine phosphokinase (CPK). Thirty-one patients with transmural myocardial infarction and 17 patients with nontransmural myocardial infarction as defined by electrocardiographic criteria underwent ...
Kitchin A H - - 1977
On a basis of history, clinical examination, and the electrocardiogram it was possible to identify groups of patients with acute myocardial infarction with good and bad prognoses as regards hospital survival. Individual adverse factors were age, prevous history of ischaemic heart disease, anterior infarction, persistent sinus tachycardia, pulmonary crepitations, hypotension, ...
Kitchin A H - - 1977
The factors adversely affecting long-term prognosis differed from those affecting outcome of acute infarction. Individual factors were previous history of infarction or hypertension, tachycardia, cardiac arrest, ventricular arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, 3rd heart sound, raised venous pressure, and pulmonary crepitations. Multivariate analysis reduced these to 6--previous infarct or hypertension, sinus tachycardia, ...
Littlewort M C - - 1977
This paper outlines the major problems in evaluating and assessing prognosis in horses with minor cardiac abnormalities. It emphasises that progress will only be made if adequate data on the "natural history" of equine cardiac disease can be collected. This will necessitate a long-term study of suitable cases and will ...
Selzer A - - 1977
The actuarial survival curves of "medically treated" patients whose arteriographic studies demonstrated coronary arterial lesions of various degrees-- now used widt applicable to the asymptomatic patient. No information is available regarding the course or prognosis of the asymptomatic patient with demonstrated lesions in the coronary arteries. For the reasons explained ...
Oberman A - - 1977
The natural history of patients with ischemic heart disease varies widely depending upon the anatomic lesion and extent of left ventricular dysfunction. Several clinical variables may also be used to help determine the likelihood of long-term survival. Individuals with high-grade isolated disease of the left anterior descending coronary artery, without ...
Madias J E - - 1977
Patients with acute myocardial infarction and an uncomplicated early clinical course are often thought to have suffered a mild myocardial infarction. There is also a tendency to link ECG changes suggestive of nontransmural necrosis with such a benign clinical course. Recent work proves that such patients have the same short- ...
Forrester J S - - 1977
To characterize the relation between clinical and hemodynamic state in acute myocardial infarction, 200 patients with acute infarction were evaluated with clinical and hemodynamic criteria. Patients were classified clinically on the basis of peripheral hypoperfusion (hypotension, tachycardia, confusion, cyanosis, oliguria) and pulmonary congestion (rales, abnormal chest roentgenogram). Four clinical subsets ...
Cristodorescu R - - 1977
Apexcardiograms [ACG] recorded in 64 patients with anterior acute myocardial infarction disclosed in 36 cases [56.2%] paradoxal systolic precordial pulsation considered as an expression of ventricular dyskinesis [VD]. The functional significance of VD was assessed by the left ventricle systolic time intervals. There was a significant shortening of the left ...
Cannom D S - - 1976
To compare the long-term prognosis in patients surviving transmural with patients surviving nontransmural myocardial infarctions, the records of 188 consecutive patients with clinical histories and enzyme elevations consistent with acute infarction were reviewed. According to standard electrocardiographic criteria the patients were divided into two groups: 148 with transmural myocardial infarction ...
Kaste M - - 1976
The long-term prognosis of 78 stroke patients with occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) or its branches is described. The mean age of the patients was 44 years. The mortality rate in the acute phase was 5%. The acute and total mortality rates of men were higher than those ...
Pauker S G - - 1976
The choice between coronary by-pass surgery and medical therapy in patients with angiographically documented coronary artery disease was examined. This decision analysis included consideration of patient preferences, severity of disease, prognosis with medical therapy, surgical mortality rate, graft patency rate, the probability that surgery will provide both short-term and long-term ...
Swan H J - - 1976
The clinical and laboratory findings diagnostic of acute myocardial infarction include at least two of the following: (1) a history of pain consistent with myocardial ischemia, (2) electorcardiographic findings consistent with infarction, and (3) a rise in the serum level of specific cardiac enzymes. By the 4th or 5th day ...
Björk L - - 1976
Cineangiocardiography is a clinically important method for studying the left ventricle in coronary artery disease. However, at present left ventricular angiocardiography is only a semiquantitative method. This is important to bear in mind when making decision on treatment, prognosis and follow up of patients. Various techniques to improve the diagnostic ...
Pitt B - - 1976
Angiographic studies have shown that the severity of obstructive coronary artery disease is a major facor determining mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. The symptomatic presentation of patients with coronary artery disease appears to be less important in determining survival than the extent of coronary artery narrowing. The extent ...
Skagen K - - 1976
Fifty patients with SA block have been treated with permanent pacing and followed up for 1-14 years. Survival after one, two, five and eight years was calculated to 94, 85, 64 and 48%, respectively. These figures indicate an excess yearly mortality in the first five years of 4-5% compared with ...
Hatle L - - 1976
The prognosis in chronic myocardial disease is not well defined, partly because of a wide spectrum of clinical courses, and partly because of relatively short observation periods. This paper describes 106 patients followed for 2-12 years. Development or worsening of symptoms after intercurrent infections was associated with a more severe ...
Weinberg S L - - 1976
One hundred fifty-four survivors of acute myocardial infarction were observed for six years. Patients with anterior lesions had increased mortality in the acute phase of infarction, a trend not sustained during the long-term follow-up period. Recurrent myocardial infarction and intraventricular conduction disturbances were associated with relatively high short-term and long-term ...
Onouchi Z - - 1975
Cardiac involvement and prognosis were studied in the acute febrile mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome which recently has been found among Japanese infants and younger children. The reason for its particular predilection for the main coronary arteries and the pathologic process are discussed in relation to the pathogenesis and nutrient of ...
Verdouw P D - - 1975
In the acute phase of myocardial infarction, short-term prediction of the likelihood of survival helps the physician choose the appropriate therapy for individual patients. Of 122 patients admitted to the coronary care unit of the Thoraxcenter, University Hospital, Rotterdam, with an acute myocardial infarction, 16 died from pump failure. In ...
Ravid M - - 1975
Fasting blood glucose (FBG) level and oral glucose tolerance (OGT) were determined in 169 patients within 72 hours of an acute myocardial infarction. Elevated FBG levels were found in 47.5% and a reduced OGT in 72.5%. Of 32 patients who died in the hospital, FBG value was elevated in 72% ...
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