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Bell M J - - 1985
The author provides well-detailed discussion of peritonitis in the newborn and draws the following conclusions. Prognosis for neonates with gastrointestinal perforation has considerably improved and will continue to improve. Sepsis remains the primary cause of death, with necrotizing enterocolitis the most common cause of perforation. The characteristic gastrointestinal microflora and ...
Kereiakes D J - - 1985
It has long been thought that the symptomatology and prognosis of coronary events in patients with diabetes may differ from those in nondiabetic persons. A review of recent data demonstrates a higher mortality during the acute phase of myocardial infarction for diabetic patients than for their nondiabetic counterparts, possibly related ...
Elveback L R - - 1985
During the period 1960 through 1979, 1,014 residents of Rochester, Minnesota, had a diagnosis of classic angina pectoris as the first manifestation of coronary heart disease, and 1,013 had a myocardial infarction as the initial manifestation. In the angina cohort, about 50% were men, and of them, 20% were 70 ...
Pell S - - 1985
We analyzed long-term trends in the incidence of a first acute myocardial infarction and in case-fatality rates among employees of the Du Pont Company from 1957 through 1983. A steady decline in incidence was observed among male employees. The annual age-adjusted rate in the 1957-1959 period was 3.19 per 1000, ...
Reiber J H - - 1985
A computer-assisted technique has been developed to assess absolute coronary arterial dimensions from 35 mm cineangiograms. The boundaries of optically magnified and video-digitized coronary segments and the intracardiac catheter are defined by automated edge-detection techniques. Contour positions are corrected for pincushion distortion. The accuracy and precision of the edge detection ...
Hellerstein H K - - 1985
Although within the capacity of perhaps one to two percent of highly motivated patients after myocardial infarction, long-distance and marathon running do not confer on normal subjects immunity from coronary atherosclerosis or freedom from high grades of ventricular ectopy during running and nonrunning activities. The presence of significant coronary heart ...
Moreno P - - 1984
Non-Q wave myocardial infarctions, also known as nontransmural myocardial infarctions or subendocardial myocardial infarctions, have been managed as "mild" coronary events in the past. Substantial evidence now requires modification of this approach. Because of their tendency to be associated with modest cardiac enzyme level elevations, non-Q wave infarcts often result ...
Stewart A W - - 1984
Coronary heart disease mortality in New Zealand has declined by 20% in the 13 years since 1968. One possible explanation for this decline is lower case-fatality rates resulting from improvements in the management of myocardial infarction. This paper tests this hypothesis by examining trends in 1-year survival following a definite ...
Thompson P L - - 1984
Death rates over a nine year period were studied in 1,232 survivors of myocardial infarction. From 1973 to 1981, the 29 to 365 day case fatality rate in 28 day survivors dropped from 13.3% to 3.2%. This down-trend in case fatality was highly significant, averaging 14.3% in each year. After ...
Puletti M - - 1984
In 641 patients (535 men and 106 women) with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), a mortality of 16.63% was recorded among the former and one of 42.45% among the latter. No significant difference was observed in the age groups up to 40 years, in the group from 41 to 55 years, ...
Théroux P - - 1984
Prognosis for the patient recovery from an acute myocardial infarction is related mainly to electrical instability, left ventricular function, residual ischemia, and extent of coronary atherosclerosis. Many procedures now exist that allow investigation of these various aspects of cardiovascular function and stratification of risk. No ideal marker of prognosis exists ...
Uys C J - - 1984
Since the introduction of cardiac transplantation at our institution 15 years ago, major advances have occurred in the monitoring and treatment of these patients, resulting in many long-term survivors. We defined the pathologic features in 14 cardiac transplants with survival times longer than one year. Only one heart showed no ...
Fukui S - - 1984
In order to evaluate the effect of coronary care on the immediate mortality rate of acute myocardial infarction and to clarify the problems in coronary care, we attempted to investigate the immediate mortality rate and causes of deaths in 492 patients with acute myocardial infarction who had admitted to the ...
Horwitz R I - - 1984
Of the two most frequently used indices for classifying prognosis of patients with an acute myocardial infarction, the Killip index, because of its greater simplicity, is sometimes used instead of the more complicated and time consuming Norris index. The purpose of the current research was to correlate the classification of ...
Durairaj S K - - 1984
Long-term prognosis was studied in 72 patients with an ejection fraction (EF) of less than 50 percent after medically treated myocardial infarction. The patients ranged in age from 22 to 67 years. Eighteen deaths (25 percent mortality) occurred during the mean follow-up period of three years. The mortality for patients ...
Taylor S H - - 1984
Therapeutic research into secondary prevention after myocardial infarction has a disappointing cost-benefit record. Many unrecognised biological problems have complicated apparently simple clinical trials. Inadequacies in design have also contributed to the low rate of success in demonstrating a statistically convincing and clinically worthwhile prophylactic benefit of any of the drugs ...
Walker A M - - 1983
The incidence of nonfatal myocardial infarction among 4,733 vasectomized men followed for 33,969 man-years was 1.3 cases per 1,000 man-years. This incidence was nearly identical in a 5-fold larger series of comparable nonvasectomized men. These data represent a substantially increased long-term followup over that reported previously for these groups and ...
Martin C A - - 1983
Patients registered by the 1971 Perth Coronary Register as having suffered a myocardial infarction were followed up for 9 years. The Register was a community-based study that used standard methods and criteria as part of a World Health Organization collaborative investigation. Of the 1078 patients studied, 77% survived the first ...
Freifeld A G - - 1983
Although "nontransmural" and "transmural" are morphologic terms used widely to distinguish patients with myocardial infarction, controversy exists as to their meaning regarding clinical course. For this study, a transmural infarct was defined as one that involves essentially the full thickness of the ventricular wall, and nontransmural was defined as something ...
Wolffenbuttel B H - - 1983
In order to assess the value of haemodynamic monitoring in the coronary care unit for long term prognosis after recovery of an acute myocardial infarction, the records of two groups of consecutive patients were reviewed retrospectively. From 254 patients, 32 (13%) died in the hospital and nine patients had to ...
Ratcliffe P J - - 1983
Ninety-four patients who underwent left ventricular aneurysmectomy between 1971 and 1980 are reviewed. In thirty-four cases this operation was combined with myocardial revascularisation. The overall hospital mortality was 6% with a five-year survival of 72% +/- 6%. Symptomatology dominated by dyspnoea, a raised left ventricular end diastolic pressure (L.V.E.D.P.) and ...
Welin L - - 1983
Among 1809 patients with myocardial infarction, 60 (3.3%) later developed a postmyocardial infarction syndrome. These 60 patients were compared with controls with myocardial infarction but without postmyocardial infarction syndrome. Cases with postmyocardial infarction syndrome had larger and more complicated infarcts than control subjects. Five year cumulative mortality was higher among ...
Soman M - - 1983
Kawasaki disease is an acute, multisystem illness that predominantly affects young children and has been described throughout the world. The triphasic course includes an initial phase of acute illness marked by high fever, conjunctival injection, oral changes, and erythematous rash. The second, subacute, phase begins with a decline of the ...
Chandra V - - 1983
A nonconcurrent prospective study was conducted in the metropolitan Baltimore, Maryland, area to examine the influence of marital status on the in-hospital and long-term survival rate of 1401 patients who experienced an acute myocardial infarction. Patients were classified as "married" or "unmarried" at the time of their myocardial infarction and ...
Rasmussen S L - - 1983
The effect of long-term treatment with alprenolol on left ventricular function was investigated in a controlled double-blind study of 15 patients with ischaemic heart disease (alprenolol 6, placebo 9), by measurement of systolic time intervals (STI). Significant prolongation of QS2I was observed in patients treated with alprenolol (p less than ...
Kastor J A - - 1983
Ventricular premature beats (VPBs) are the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Simple VPBs have one form. Complex VPBs are repetitive, bigeminal, frequent, have different forms, or occur in the T wave of the previous beat. VPBs are seen frequently in patients with normal hearts, coronary artery disease, and mitral valve prolapse. ...
Bussmann W D - - 1983
Nitroglycerin and nitrates have long been contraindicated in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. Beneficial effects, however, are reported in patients with left ventricular failure. In this report the available data from the literature are reviewed with respect to the influence of the drug on myocardial ischemia, infarct size and ...
Miah K - - 1983
Neurological assessments were done regularly during hospitalization in 283 consecutive patients (mean age 73 yr) with acute cerebrovascular disease treated at the Stroke Unit of Serafimerlasarettet. A preplanned investigation program and strict criteria for diagnosis and treatment were followed. Hospital mortality was 18%. Patients with a major cerebral infarction or ...
DeBusk R F - - 1982
The capacity of cardiac patients to work in their occupations reflects a complex interaction of medical and nonmedical factors. Medical considerations include prognosis and the ability of patients to tolerate the physical, environmental and psychological aspects of their occupation. Nonmedical factors include the patient's satisfaction with the job, economic motivation ...
Taylor S H - - 1982
We carried out a randomized double-blind controlled secondary-prevention trial of oxprenolol over seven years. Forty milligrams of oxprenolol or placebo was given twice daily to 1103 men 35 to 65 years old who had an acute myocardial infarction between 1 and 90 months previously. Overall, there was no difference in ...
Bonow R O - - 1982
Left ventricular systolic function is an important determinant of long-term prognosis in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation. Data from several centers, using invasive and noninvasive assessment of left ventricular function, indicate that long-term postoperative survival is excellent, even in symptomatic patients, if preoperative left ventricular systolic function is normal. The ...
Baughman K L - - 1982
Long-term follow-up was obtained on 138 patients who participated in a prospective, randomized study comparing two weeks with three weeks of hospitalization following uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction. Follow-up information was available on 123 (89%) of all randomized patients. The mean follow-up period was 35 months for those patients who died ...
Weinblatt E - - 1982
Two earlier studies of prognosis of coronary heart disease among men enrolled in the Health Insurance Plan in the 1960s and 1970s permitted us to examine whether prognosis had improved over this ten-year period. The new comparison involved 1,133 men aged 35 to 64 years who had survived a first ...
Friesinger G C - - 1982
The last 20 years have provided an extraordinary amount of data contributing to an improved understanding of the prognosis of chronic ischemic heart disease. However, much remains incompletely understood. The lack of more precise knowledge about prognosis encourages fuzzy clinical thinking and seems to justify the overutilization of a variety ...
Shapiro L M - - 1982
The mortality and morbidity of 150 young (less than 45 years) survivors of myocardial infarction was studied prospectively over a 10-year period. Thirty-seven deaths (36 due to coronary artery disease) occurred from one month to 10 years after myocardial infarction and the cumulative 10-year mortality was 27 per cent compared ...
Martinotti R - - 1982
The authors have explored the early modifications of systolic time intervals in 90 patients hospitalized as emergency cases for acute myocardial infarction. From analysis and interpretation of the collected data they conclude that such modifications have considerable prognostic value. All patients fitting the specifications of NYHA classes I and II, ...
Hutter A M AM - - 1981
The hospital and long-term course of 67 patients with nontransmural myocardial infarction was compared with that of 66 patients with transmural anterior and 63 patients with transmural inferior infarction matched for age, sex, previous infarction and prior congestive heart failure. During their hospital stay, patients with nontransmural infarction had significantly ...
Pathy M S - - 1981
Seventy-five consecutive patients discharged from a geriatric medical ward after a proven myocardial infarction and still alive at three months were followed for three years. Twenty-two died. Sixty-five patients replied to a postal questionnaire designed to assess their degree of psychological impairment and disability sent at the end of the ...
Jordaan P C - - 1981
A baseline survey to determine the existing knowledge, attitudes and customs concerning different aspects of nutrition was conducted among adults in the south-western Cape Province. This was the first phase in a long-term research project launched with a view to developing a nutritional guidance programme in order to combat the ...
Singer D E - - 1981
Because it is difficult to predict the course in a patient recovering from acute myocardial infarction who is stable enough to leave the coronary-care unit (CCU), we studied such patients in order to identify those at risk of complications. Over two years of study, 485 of 536 consecutive patients admitted ...
Cintron G B - - 1981
To evaluate the incidence, clinical characteristics and course of right ventricular infarction, 96 patients with an established diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction were evaluated during a 10 month study period. Of the 44 patients with acute inferior wall myocardial infarction, 16 had bedside evidence of right ventricular dysfunction. All had ...
Lengyel M - - 1981
A follow-up study was carried out in 98 patients with congestive cardiomyopathy using clinical data and M-mode echocardiography. 59 patients survived (mean follow-up period 18 months), 39 patients died (mean survival period 12.6 months). Median survival time was 3 years. Prognosis was unfavorably affected by ECG signs (left bundle branch ...
Storstein O - - 1981
Seven hundred and ninety-five consecutive patients with the diagnosis of angina pectoris were studied by coronary angiography and followed for 2-7 years. The prognosis is greatly determined by the extent of coronary artery involvement. Concomitant mitral insufficiency or ventricular aneurysm influence the prognosis adversely. There was no significant difference in ...
Julian D G - - 1981
Numerous variables have been identified as having prognostic value after infarction. The significance of each of these depends both on the time after the event when the observation is made and the length of follow-up. Although much prognostic information has been published, its validity is difficult to establish because the ...
Samek L - - 1981
In a follow-up study (mean = 3.6 years) of 555 men under 40 years of age (mean = 35.7 years) who had recently suffered transmural myocardial infarction, 44 patients (7.9%) suffered cardiac death with an annual rate of 2.2%. In a bivariate analysis a significant correlation was found between cardiac ...
Haffajee C I - - 1980
Oral tocainide was used as a long-term antiarrhythmic in patients with symptomatic high-grade ventricular ectopic activity refractory to conventional antiarrhythmic agents. Eleven of the 22 patients had a previous myocardial infarction (three patients had a ventricular aneurysm). Unacceptable side effects precluded long-term use of tocainide in two patients. Long-term tocainide ...
Luria M H - - 1980
Long-term prognosis following recovery from acute myocardial infarction is related to the extent of myocardial impairment. This is reflected in a variety of clinical laboratory, and electrocardiographic variables which are often routinely obtained during the hospital course of a patient with acute myocardial infarction. When these factors are utilized to ...
Lupovitch A - - 1980
For cases of myocardial infarction, the laboratory must provide data to help clarify diagnosis, determine prognosis, follow the course of healing, and even quantitate the injury. An interpretive report of sequential enzyme studies performed on samples obtained during the first 48 hours after the admission of patients who had myocardial ...
Howland J S - - 1980
In a retrospective, five-year follow-up study of 224 patients treated for acute myocardial infarction in a community hospital, there was an 82 percent in-hospital survival rate and an overall 57 percent five-year survival rate. Corrected for expected mortality, the five-year survival rate was 68 percent. Patients who had had a ...
Boxall J - - 1980
This report compares the past history, hospital course and follow-up of 70 patients with nontransmural myocardial infarction compared to 259 patients with transmural myocardial infarction. The pre-infarction history in the two groups is similar with respect to angina and infarction. The hospital course for non-transmural myocardial infarction is not a ...
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