Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 456
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Harris Randall J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Obtaining predictable and esthetic root coverage has become important. Unfortunately, there is only a limited amount of information available on the long-term results of root coverage procedures. The goal of this study was to evaluate the short-term and long-term root coverage results obtained with an acellular dermal matrix and ...
Noyez Luc - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in cardiac surgery, the risk of reoperative coronary artery bypass surgery (RECABG) still exceeds those of a primary myocardial revascularization and also the late results are not so favourable. In this study, long-term cardiac survival is analyzed. METHODS: We analyzed long-term cardiac survival of 466 patients who ...
Boldt Talvikki - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this follow-up study of 292 fetuses with various cardiac arrhythmias were to estimate the incidence of structural heart defects and fetal compromise, to investigate the effects of antiarrhythmic medication, and to evaluate perinatal mortality and morbidity and long-term outcome. METHODS: The arrhythmias were classified into atrial ...
Abildstrom S Z - - 2003
To compare the incidence and case fatality of acute myocardial infarction in Denmark and Sweden. A cohort study, linking the national registries of hospital admissions and causes of death in the two countries. All admissions and deaths with acute myocardial infarction as primary or secondary diagnosis were extracted (Denmark, 1978 ...
Gavazzi Antonello - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess whether testing of potential reversibility of pulmonary hypertension (PHT) may be a useful means of defining the short-term prognosis of patients with advanced heart failure and elevated pulmonary artery pressure. In such patients, the reversibility of PHT after acute vasodilator administration is associated ...
Ferri C - - 2003
Cardiac involvement frequently occurs in systemic sclerosis (SSc), contributing to the occurrence of symptoms, namely dyspnoea, fatigue, palpitations, and in some instances to the clinical evolution and prognosis of the disease. A thorough baseline screening of heart functioning and appropriate follow-up monitoring is therefore mandatory in all SSc patients. This ...
Sundel Robert P - - 2002
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment for Kawasaki disease (KD), first discovered almost 20 years ago, dramatically changed the management and prognosis of the condition. Although standard Japanese Ministry of Health criteria suggest that current treatment is more than 95% effective at preventing coronary artery changes, echocardiographic measurements adjusted for body size, ...
Tydén P - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective in this follow up study from the Malmö myocardial infarction register has been to assess whether long term survival following discharge after first myocardial infarction has any relation with the socioeconomic environment and to assess to what extent intra-urban differences in mortality from ischaemic heart disease ...
Packham C - - 2002
To explore the effects of alternative methods of defining myocardial infarction on the numbers and survival patterns of patients identified as having sustained a confirmed myocardial infarct. An inclusive historical cohort of patients admitted with a suspected heart attack. Patients were recoded from raw clinical data (collected at the index ...
Bravo Nieves - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic stress with scintigraphy can predict prognosis in patients with coronary disease. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) has been used in stress testing, but its efficacy in assessing prognosis has not been studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 150 patients (95 men, aged 64 +/- 10 years) were studied with ...
Ruiz Bailén Manuel - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review reversible myocardial dysfunction affecting critically ill patients without cardiac pathology. DATA SOURCES: The bibliography for the study was compiled through a search of different databases for the period 1966-2001. References cited in the selected articles also were reviewed. STUDY SELECTION: The selection criteria included all articles published ...
d'Allonnes F Revault - - 2002
To analyse the long term prognosis in patients with isolated stenoses of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) following surgical revascularisation. 106 patients (71 men and 35 women, mean age 61 years) were operated on between 1982 and 1998. Before surgery, 103 patients presented with angina pectoris and only 10 ...
Ildan Faruk - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a retrospective study to investigate the prognosis, possible prognostic factors, and long-term natural history of subarachnoid hemorrhage of unexplained cause. METHODS: This report contains a retrospective analysis of data for 84 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage of unknown cause who were monitored for 1 month to 9.5 years, ...
Abboud L - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term prognostic significance of symptomatic ischaemia during exercise testing performed 3 weeks after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DESIGN: A prospective study with long-term follow-up. SETTING: A Cardiac Rehabilitation Clinic in a University Hospital. SUBJECTS: A total of 446 patients were allowed to perform exercise testing ...
Brønnum-Hansen H - - 2001
As part of the Danish WHO MONICA study, a register of patients with myocardial infarction was established in 1982, covering 11 municipalities in the western part of Copenhagen County, Denmark. During the period 1982-91, all cases of myocardial infarction among citizens aged 25-74 years were registered and validated according to ...
Mukamal K J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Studies show an inverse association between height and risk of myocardial infarction. How height affects survival after acute myocardial infarction is uncertain. METHODS: In the Determinants of Myocardial Infarction Onset Study, trained interviewers performed chart reviews and face-to-face interviews with 1935 patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction in 45 ...
Nicolau J C - - 2001
Modern and sophisticated technology for the management of myocardial infarction has progressively devalued medical evaluation. This study was undertaken to assess the importance of the findings of medical evaluation at hospital presentation, in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Data from 590 thrombolytic-treated myocardial infarction patients were analyzed. The patients were ...
Liuzzo G - - 2001
Inflammation plays a pivotal role in both the development of atherosclerosis and the acute activation of the vascular wall with consequent local thrombosis and vasoconstriction (with or without plaque fissure). In many patients with unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction, systemic signs of inflammation are detectable. The use of systemic ...
Tresch D D - - 2001
Cardiac arrhythmias are common in elderly patients. Complete evaluation with detection of underlying structural heart disease and comorbidities is necessary. Prognosis is dependent on the presence of underlying heart disease, particularly the degree of ventricular dysfunction and the presence of comorbidities. Long-term prognosis is excellent in patients without underlying heart ...
Mulleague L - - 2001
Clostridium novyi has recently been identified as the causative organism responsible for the deaths of 35 heroin addicts who had injected themselves intramuscularly. We present two heroin addicts who developed C. botulinum infection following intramuscular or subcutaneous injection of heroin. Like C. novyi, this grows under anaerobic conditions and clinical ...
Pruszkowski A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of the various underlying causes of erythroderma in newborns or infants, as well as which clinical or laboratory findings were relevant for the etiological diagnosis. PATIENTS: Fifty-one patients who presented with exfoliative erythroderma during their first year of life were included in this retrospective study. ...
Di Bari M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the independent effect of advancing age on prognosis after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective analysis of clinical records of patients who received CPR in a geriatric department equipped with an intensive care unit. PATIENTS: A total of 245 patients (146 men, 99 women; mean age, ...
This work is dedicated to the study of cardiac rhythm. It results from a collaboration with the Cardiology and Neurology Departments at Li`ege University Hospital. The applications considered are essentially twofold: on the one hand, prognosis regarding the health of patients suffering from congestive heart failure, through studying long range ...
Welin C - - 2000
AIMS: As a primary aim it was tested whether the 10-year prognosis after a myocardial infarction is related to psychological stress, lack of social support, anxiety, and/or depressive tendency. A secondary aim was to analyse the prognostic importance of a series of other psychosocial factors as well as interactions. METHODS: ...
Suetsugu T - - 2000
We treated a case of ventricular septal perforation (VSP) who survived for 14 years after myocardial infarction. Nine years after the onset of myocardial infarction, an apparent cardiac murmur was discovered by chance, and following further examination, the patient was diagnosed as having VSP. The patient is still in the ...
Yousef Z R - - 2000
The postinfarction period is one of intense dynamic activity because the cardiovascular system undergoes a number of adaptive responses attempting to maintain cardiac output. These homeostatic responses contribute to the processes involved in postinfarction ventricular remodeling and involve acute, chronic, systemic, and local reactions. Almost immediately, neurohormones are activated that ...
Asher C R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Disparities in prognosis for black and white patients with coronary heart disease have been widely reported. For several reasons it is unclear to what extent biologic factors contribute to these differences. METHODS: The current medical literature regarding the pathophysiologic characteristics of cardiovascular disease is reviewed with emphasis on how ...
Norhammar A M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a relationship exists between admission plasma glucose level and long-term outcome in nondiabetic patients after an acute myocardial infarction. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study with prospective follow-up of 197 consecutive nondiabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction followed for 1.5-2.5 years at the ...
Carney R M - - 1999
Major depression affects about one in five patients in the weeks after an acute myocardial infarction and is associated with an increased risk of cardiac morbidity and mortality. Consequently, there is considerable interest in the question of whether treating depression will improve medical prognosis in these patients. Safe, effective treatments ...
Burgess M I - - 1999
The presence of right ventricular dysfunction in patients with acute myocardial infarction has important implications. It is a marker for in-hospital mortality and failure to recognize it may lead to inappropriate treatment with serious consequences for the patient. Patients surviving the acute event do, however, have a relatively good long-term ...
Momose M - - 1999
123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy has been used to predict prognosis of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), although it is unknown which parameter of MIBG is the most useful clinically. We studied MIBG in 59 patients with DCM, and followed them up to evaluate the prognosis of DCM. Single photon emission tomography ...
Stewart A W - - 1999
AIMS: As part of an investigation into the decline in coronary heart disease mortality rates in New Zealand, we examined long-term survival trends following acute myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 3-year follow-up of patients on a community-based register of coronary heart disease for the period 1983-1992 in Auckland, New ...
Hillis L D - - 1999
In survivors of acute myocardial infarction, the restoration of antegrade flow in the infarct-related coronary artery may improve prognosis by a mechanism that is independent of its influence on left ventricular systolic performance. Furthermore, survival may be improved even when antegrade flow is restored days or even weeks after the ...
Steeds R P - - 1999
Myocardial failure results from a variety of insults yet treatments have been given in a nonselective way. The benefits of treatments on symptoms are not related to etiology, but there is increasing evidence that prognosis is. Whenever the prognostic benefits of treatments have been classified according to etiology, patients with ...
Fragasso G - - 1999
Little information is available on the long-term evolution of left ventricular function of medically treated patients with coronary artery disease and gross limitation of coronary flow reserve. The aim of this study was to assess the long-term evolution of effort tolerance and left ventricular function and their relation to the ...
McGill M P - - 1999
This report describes the case of a 27-year-old man who survived a high-voltage chest injury that resulted in acute biventricular dysfunction. Although the prognosis is generally poor, complete recovery of cardiac function over days to weeks has been documented. This case is unique because the patient regained complete recovery of ...
Komorowski J - - 1999
Rough sets (Pawlak Z. Rough Sets: Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning about Data, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991) is a relatively new approach to representing and reasoning with incomplete and uncertain knowledge. This article introduces the basic concepts of rough sets and Boolean reasoning (Brown FM. Boolean Reasoning: The Logic of ...
Shalev M - - 1999
PURPOSE: Acute myocardial infarction was found to be the main cause of increased long-term mortality in patients after transurethral compared to open prostatectomy in various retrospective studies. We performed a randomized prospective study to compare morbidity and incidence of acute myocardial infarction in patients after transurethral compared to open prostatectomy ...
Takahashi K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical prognosis between patients with diffuse coronary ectasia and those with localized coronary ectasia. DESIGN: Patients with coronary ectasia were divided into two groups based on the Markis classification (group D: types I-III and group L: type IV), and the clinical manifestations and prognosis were compared ...
van Breda Vriesman A C - - 1999
Epiploic appendicitis and segmental omentum infarction are considered to be rare conditions, which may mimic an abdominal surgical emergency. The purpose of our study was to describe clinical findings, US and CT appearance of infarction of an epiploic appendage and omentum, and to determine their epidemiological characteristics and natural history. ...
Abrahamsson P - - 1998
AIMS: We set out to examine whether long term prognosis in terms of 2-year mortality after myocardial infarction has improved after the introduction of intravenous beta-blockers, nitroglycerin infusion, aspirin and thrombolytics, in an unselected population of patients hospitalized with a myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated retrospectively 3791 acute ...
Herzog C A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is common in patients on long-term dialysis, and it accounts for 44 percent of overall mortality in this group. We undertook a study to assess long-term survival after acute myocardial infarction among patients in the United States who were receiving long-term dialysis. METHODS: Patients on dialysis who ...
Sajadieh A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Recurrent nonfatal myocardial infarction (RNMI) is the most significant risk factor for later outcome after an index infarction. However, little is known about the prognosis after RNMIs that occur beyond the first year after the index infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 3867 nonselected patients <76 years old with an ...
Gustafsson F - - 1998
AIMS: The objective of the study was to investigate the influence of a history of arterial hypertension on long-term prognosis after an acute myocardial infarction in a representative population, and secondly to assess the impact on prognosis of left ventricular systolic function in hypertensives after acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: A ...
Pasini S - - 1998
From 1979 to 1993, 139 patients had reduction of left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) by plication (PL) (25 cases) linear repair (74 cases) or ventricular reconstruction (VR) (40 cases). Coronary bypass grafting was performed in 89 patients. We retrospectively reviewed our experience in order to identify predictore of early and late ...
Wu K C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The extent of microvascular obstruction during acute coronary occlusion may determine the eventual magnitude of myocardial damage and thus, patient prognosis after infarction. By contrast-enhanced MRI, regions of profound microvascular obstruction at the infarct core are hypoenhanced and correspond to greater myocardial damage acutely. We investigated whether profound microvascular ...
Cohen A - - 1998
Right ventricular (RV) involvement is frequent during inferior wall acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and has been reported as a risk factor for in-hospital morbidity and mortality. The objectives of the present study were: (1) to evaluate in-hospital events in patients with and without RV involvement as diagnosed by abnormal flow ...
Durand E - - 1998
Cardiac leiomyosarcoma is a rare tumour which can grow either intramurally or extramurally. Its prognosis is dismal. Surgery lengthens survival, but recurrences usually occur in the short term. Gated MRI is useful for the assessment of cardiac masses since it provides fine spatial and contrast resolution. We present the case ...
Hoshida S - - 1997
We previously reported that administration of NO donors ameliorates the severity of myocardial injury in cholesterol-fed rabbits. We now evaluated the effects of probucol, a lipid-lowering antioxidant that can preserve endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR), in the aortas of cholesterol-fed rabbits. We examined the effects of short-term (7 days) or long-term (24 ...
Sarda L - - 1997
The diagnosis of myocardial disease related to systemic sclerosis is often difficult, but it is clinically relevant since the occurrence of a specific ventricular dysfunction is of poor prognosis. This article reports a case of systemic sclerosis with a subacute episode of myocardial disease assessed by 111In-antimyosin antibody, a specific ...
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