Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 436
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Pruszkowski A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of the various underlying causes of erythroderma in newborns or infants, as well as which clinical or laboratory findings were relevant for the etiological diagnosis. PATIENTS: Fifty-one patients who presented with exfoliative erythroderma during their first year of life were included in this retrospective study. ...
Di Bari M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the independent effect of advancing age on prognosis after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective analysis of clinical records of patients who received CPR in a geriatric department equipped with an intensive care unit. PATIENTS: A total of 245 patients (146 men, 99 women; mean age, ...
This work is dedicated to the study of cardiac rhythm. It results from a collaboration with the Cardiology and Neurology Departments at Li`ege University Hospital. The applications considered are essentially twofold: on the one hand, prognosis regarding the health of patients suffering from congestive heart failure, through studying long range ...
Welin C - - 2000
AIMS: As a primary aim it was tested whether the 10-year prognosis after a myocardial infarction is related to psychological stress, lack of social support, anxiety, and/or depressive tendency. A secondary aim was to analyse the prognostic importance of a series of other psychosocial factors as well as interactions. METHODS: ...
Suetsugu T - - 2000
We treated a case of ventricular septal perforation (VSP) who survived for 14 years after myocardial infarction. Nine years after the onset of myocardial infarction, an apparent cardiac murmur was discovered by chance, and following further examination, the patient was diagnosed as having VSP. The patient is still in the ...
Yousef Z R - - 2000
The postinfarction period is one of intense dynamic activity because the cardiovascular system undergoes a number of adaptive responses attempting to maintain cardiac output. These homeostatic responses contribute to the processes involved in postinfarction ventricular remodeling and involve acute, chronic, systemic, and local reactions. Almost immediately, neurohormones are activated that ...
Asher C R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Disparities in prognosis for black and white patients with coronary heart disease have been widely reported. For several reasons it is unclear to what extent biologic factors contribute to these differences. METHODS: The current medical literature regarding the pathophysiologic characteristics of cardiovascular disease is reviewed with emphasis on how ...
Norhammar A M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a relationship exists between admission plasma glucose level and long-term outcome in nondiabetic patients after an acute myocardial infarction. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study with prospective follow-up of 197 consecutive nondiabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction followed for 1.5-2.5 years at the ...
Carney R M - - 1999
Major depression affects about one in five patients in the weeks after an acute myocardial infarction and is associated with an increased risk of cardiac morbidity and mortality. Consequently, there is considerable interest in the question of whether treating depression will improve medical prognosis in these patients. Safe, effective treatments ...
Burgess M I - - 1999
The presence of right ventricular dysfunction in patients with acute myocardial infarction has important implications. It is a marker for in-hospital mortality and failure to recognize it may lead to inappropriate treatment with serious consequences for the patient. Patients surviving the acute event do, however, have a relatively good long-term ...
Momose M - - 1999
123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy has been used to predict prognosis of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), although it is unknown which parameter of MIBG is the most useful clinically. We studied MIBG in 59 patients with DCM, and followed them up to evaluate the prognosis of DCM. Single photon emission tomography ...
Stewart A W - - 1999
AIMS: As part of an investigation into the decline in coronary heart disease mortality rates in New Zealand, we examined long-term survival trends following acute myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 3-year follow-up of patients on a community-based register of coronary heart disease for the period 1983-1992 in Auckland, New ...
Hillis L D - - 1999
In survivors of acute myocardial infarction, the restoration of antegrade flow in the infarct-related coronary artery may improve prognosis by a mechanism that is independent of its influence on left ventricular systolic performance. Furthermore, survival may be improved even when antegrade flow is restored days or even weeks after the ...
Steeds R P - - 1999
Myocardial failure results from a variety of insults yet treatments have been given in a nonselective way. The benefits of treatments on symptoms are not related to etiology, but there is increasing evidence that prognosis is. Whenever the prognostic benefits of treatments have been classified according to etiology, patients with ...
Fragasso G - - 1999
Little information is available on the long-term evolution of left ventricular function of medically treated patients with coronary artery disease and gross limitation of coronary flow reserve. The aim of this study was to assess the long-term evolution of effort tolerance and left ventricular function and their relation to the ...
McGill M P - - 1999
This report describes the case of a 27-year-old man who survived a high-voltage chest injury that resulted in acute biventricular dysfunction. Although the prognosis is generally poor, complete recovery of cardiac function over days to weeks has been documented. This case is unique because the patient regained complete recovery of ...
Komorowski J - - 1999
Rough sets (Pawlak Z. Rough Sets: Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning about Data, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991) is a relatively new approach to representing and reasoning with incomplete and uncertain knowledge. This article introduces the basic concepts of rough sets and Boolean reasoning (Brown FM. Boolean Reasoning: The Logic of ...
Shalev M - - 1999
PURPOSE: Acute myocardial infarction was found to be the main cause of increased long-term mortality in patients after transurethral compared to open prostatectomy in various retrospective studies. We performed a randomized prospective study to compare morbidity and incidence of acute myocardial infarction in patients after transurethral compared to open prostatectomy ...
Takahashi K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical prognosis between patients with diffuse coronary ectasia and those with localized coronary ectasia. DESIGN: Patients with coronary ectasia were divided into two groups based on the Markis classification (group D: types I-III and group L: type IV), and the clinical manifestations and prognosis were compared ...
van Breda Vriesman A C - - 1999
Epiploic appendicitis and segmental omentum infarction are considered to be rare conditions, which may mimic an abdominal surgical emergency. The purpose of our study was to describe clinical findings, US and CT appearance of infarction of an epiploic appendage and omentum, and to determine their epidemiological characteristics and natural history. ...
Abrahamsson P - - 1998
AIMS: We set out to examine whether long term prognosis in terms of 2-year mortality after myocardial infarction has improved after the introduction of intravenous beta-blockers, nitroglycerin infusion, aspirin and thrombolytics, in an unselected population of patients hospitalized with a myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated retrospectively 3791 acute ...
Herzog C A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is common in patients on long-term dialysis, and it accounts for 44 percent of overall mortality in this group. We undertook a study to assess long-term survival after acute myocardial infarction among patients in the United States who were receiving long-term dialysis. METHODS: Patients on dialysis who ...
Sajadieh A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Recurrent nonfatal myocardial infarction (RNMI) is the most significant risk factor for later outcome after an index infarction. However, little is known about the prognosis after RNMIs that occur beyond the first year after the index infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 3867 nonselected patients <76 years old with an ...
Gustafsson F - - 1998
AIMS: The objective of the study was to investigate the influence of a history of arterial hypertension on long-term prognosis after an acute myocardial infarction in a representative population, and secondly to assess the impact on prognosis of left ventricular systolic function in hypertensives after acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: A ...
Pasini S - - 1998
From 1979 to 1993, 139 patients had reduction of left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) by plication (PL) (25 cases) linear repair (74 cases) or ventricular reconstruction (VR) (40 cases). Coronary bypass grafting was performed in 89 patients. We retrospectively reviewed our experience in order to identify predictore of early and late ...
Wu K C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The extent of microvascular obstruction during acute coronary occlusion may determine the eventual magnitude of myocardial damage and thus, patient prognosis after infarction. By contrast-enhanced MRI, regions of profound microvascular obstruction at the infarct core are hypoenhanced and correspond to greater myocardial damage acutely. We investigated whether profound microvascular ...
Cohen A - - 1998
Right ventricular (RV) involvement is frequent during inferior wall acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and has been reported as a risk factor for in-hospital morbidity and mortality. The objectives of the present study were: (1) to evaluate in-hospital events in patients with and without RV involvement as diagnosed by abnormal flow ...
Durand E - - 1998
Cardiac leiomyosarcoma is a rare tumour which can grow either intramurally or extramurally. Its prognosis is dismal. Surgery lengthens survival, but recurrences usually occur in the short term. Gated MRI is useful for the assessment of cardiac masses since it provides fine spatial and contrast resolution. We present the case ...
Hoshida S - - 1997
We previously reported that administration of NO donors ameliorates the severity of myocardial injury in cholesterol-fed rabbits. We now evaluated the effects of probucol, a lipid-lowering antioxidant that can preserve endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR), in the aortas of cholesterol-fed rabbits. We examined the effects of short-term (7 days) or long-term (24 ...
Sarda L - - 1997
The diagnosis of myocardial disease related to systemic sclerosis is often difficult, but it is clinically relevant since the occurrence of a specific ventricular dysfunction is of poor prognosis. This article reports a case of systemic sclerosis with a subacute episode of myocardial disease assessed by 111In-antimyosin antibody, a specific ...
Nissenson A R - - 1997
Considerable controversy continues over the optimal hematocrit target for dialysis patients being treated with recombinant erythropoietin. Recent short-term studies have demonstrated a significant improvement in brain function when hematocrit is 42% compared with when it is 31%. Questions regarding the safety of long-term maintenance of a normal hematocrit have been ...
Brachmann J - - 1997
Although prognosis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) has improved due to advances in diagnosis and therapy, still too many sudden cardiac deaths occur in DCM. Spontaneous ventricular ectopy is a very common finding in patients with DCM, but the prognostic significance of Holter monitoring remains controversial. Other noninvasive methods, e.g., late ...
Reynen K - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Elderly people comprise the fastest-growing segment of the German population. This study evaluated the benefit of coronary arteriography in the management of selected old-age patients suffering from symptomatic coronary heart disease. METHOD: From 1982 to 1992, with annually increasing frequency, coronary arteriography was performed in 398 patients with suspected ...
Rask-Madsen C - - 1997
AIMS: To evaluate the prognosis of patients > or = 80 years old, we analysed a large, community-based population with acute myocardial infarction who received intensive observation and similar pharmacotherapy regardless of age. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a 12-year period, before the introduction of thrombolysis, 4259 consecutive patients hospitalized with ...
Tighe Dennis A. - - 1997
Infarct related intramyocardial dissection, an unusual mechanical complication associated with recent inferior/inferoposterior myocardial infarction, is characterized by a septal defect and a dissection tract that originates on the left side of the interventricular septum, extends beyond the septum into the right ventricular free wall, and subsequently re-enters the right ventricle. ...
Pitts W R - - 1997
In survivors of acute myocardial infarction, the restoration of antegrade flow in the infarct-related coronary artery may improve prognosis by a mechanism independent of its effect on left ventricular function. Survival may be enhanced even when restoration of flow is accomplished days or weeks after the acute event. In a ...
Anderson J R - - 1997
The management of coronary artery disease is constantly being refined and, as a consequence, the long-term results of coronary artery surgery are under intense and continuous scrutiny. An appreciation of the long-term results of different surgical strategies in selected subgroups of patients with ischaemic heart disease is important in deciding ...
Kimmelstiel CD - - 1997
The open artery hypothesis postulates salutary effects distinct from myocardial salvage referable to infarct related arterial patency. Short and long term clinical trials, as well as studies in animal models have suggested clinical benefit in patients with sustained infarct related arterial patency. Mechanisms of benefit are not entirely clear, but ...
Imamura H - - 1997
We assessed the influence of residual antegrade coronary perfusion on long-term mortality and morbidity in 262 patients (256 men and 6 women, aged 52.3 +/- 9.8 years) with medically treated old myocardial infarction and single-vessel disease who were followed for 117.0 +/- 39.8 months. Partial or complete antegrade coronary perfusion ...
Baevskii R M - - 1996
Long-term observation of the heart state during specialized professional activities plays an important part in preventive medicine. This study is aimed at assessment of electrophysiological state of heart in astronauts by common electrocardiography, vectorcardiography, and dipole electrocardiotopography (DECARTO technique). The subjects observed were two astronauts performing a long-term flight at ...
Nishiyama S - - 1996
We assessed the long-term outcome of medical therapy in 453 patients who underwent coronary angiography in the period from September 1973 to February 1984, and who had a significant stenotic lesion (75% or more stenosis) in a single coronary artery. The mean follow-up period was 9.8 years. The 5- and ...
Maseri A - - 1996
In the late Eighties, a series of observations from several institutions around the world has dramatically revolutionized the traditional notion that the occurrence of myocardial infarction was related most of the time to the development of critical flow-limiting coronary stenosis. All these studies showed that the infarct-related artery had only ...
Kossowsky W A - - 1996
Although the existence of the postmyocardial infarction syndrome has now long been questioned, the Dressler symptom complex remains widely accepted as a distinct clinical entity. A patient is described whose twenty-five-year follow-up adds to our argument that there is no late or separate multisystem autoimmune disease following acute myocardial infarction. ...
Chakrabarti J - - 1995
A myocardial abscess is a life threatening complication of infective endocarditis that necessitates early diagnosis in order to identify the need for emergent surgical intervention and improved prognosis. This review discusses the relevant historical aspects, clinical features suggestive of the diagnosis, associated conditions and various appropriate imaging modalities--in particular, trans-thoracic ...
Breithardt G - - 1995
In order to assess prognosis after myocardial infarction, various methods have been used: estimation of ejection fraction, Holter monitoring, detection of ventricular late potentials using signal-averaging techniques, programmed ventricular stimulation of the heart to test the inducibility of ventricular tachyarrhythmias, and parameters that assess heart rate variability. Left ventricular dysfunction ...
Marchionni N - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether advanced age is an independent prognostic factor that may increase the risk of complications and reduce the immediate and long-term survival after treatment with intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP) for acute ischemic heart disease. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a clinical series and long-term follow-up study. PATIENTS: A ...
Haywood G A - - 1995
Prostacyclin (PGI2, epoprostenol), a pulmonary and systemic vasodilating agent, has recently undergone long-term intravenous administration trials in patients with severe congestive heart failure. As in many other agents that have beneficial acute hemodynamic profiles, its effects on mortality have been disappointing. However, the drug continues to have a role in ...
Kambara H - - 1995
To examine gender differences in the long-term prognosis of patients with myocardial infarction, 1000 patients with myocardial infarction were studied after coronary arteriography. Over a follow-up period of 3.3 +/- 2.0 years, 65 patients died from cardiac causes and 301 experienced cardiac events (death, reinfarction and revascularization). Overall, the 5-year ...
Schwarz B - - 1994
The study was set up to investigate factors delaying treatment of acute myocardial infarction. Nine hundred and sixty-seven Austrian physicians submitted data on their most recent case of myocardial infarction in a cross-sectional study. Mean time for seeking medical care was 111 min from onset; mean admission time to the ...
Nagao K - - 1994
The effects and problems of coronary thrombolysis (CT) were investigated in 652 patients with initial acute myocardial infraction (AMI). Nosocomial mortality obtained by matching factors which determined prognosis was significantly lower in patients treated by CT (8.3%) than in those who did not undergo CT (18.1%). Regardless of whether the ...
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