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- - 2006
(1) Based on an attractive hypothesis implicating inflammation caused by Chlamydia pneumoniae in cardiovascular disease, several clinical trials have tested whether antibiotic therapy has a long-term preventive effect. (2) One trial showed an increase in mortality 3 years after a 2-week course of clarithromycin in patients with coronary heart disease ...
Hein O V - - 2006
Some studies have shown an association between a prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay and risk factors such as mediastinal re-exploration, advanced age, low ejection fraction, lung disease and organ failure. The aim of this retrospective study was first to evaluate peri-operative risk factors (n = 2683) and secondly to ...
Gumina Richard J - - 2006
Right ventricular myocardial infarction (RVMI) is associated with substantial in-hospital and first-year mortality, but few published studies have documented late survival to 5 to 10 years after infarction. We retrospectively identified 69 consecutive patients from Olmsted County, Minnesota, with new RVMI diagnosed between January 1, 1988 and January 1, 1998, ...
Zeller M - - 2006
Diabetes is an established major factor of poor prognostis after an acute coronary syndrome. Recent studies have addressed the impact of abnormal glucose metabolism at the acute phase in patients without known diabetes. It has been found that abnormal glycemia regulation is more common than normal regulation in patients presenting ...
Hurst Todd - - 2006
Cardiac syndrome X (CSX), or angina with no flow-limiting stenosis on coronary angiogram, has been regarded as a condition with an excellent prognosis despite variable symptomatic improvement. Newer data show that patients with CSX with endothelial dysfunction have an increased risk for future adverse cardiac events. Current hypotheses of CSX ...
Kumbhani Dharam J - - 2006
Fascicular conduction abnormalities are frequently reported following adult cardiac surgery, but their pathogenesis and long-term outcomes remain unclear. In this article, we review the epidemiological features, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management, and the short-term and long-term significance of fascicular conduction abnormalities following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, based on data ...
Takeuchi Makoto - - 2006
Neonatal myocardial infarction is rare and its prognosis is poor. We describe the clinical course and autopsy findings of a newborn female with myocardial infarction. Her clinical course was rapidly progressive, becoming fatal before we could detect the cause. Autopsy demonstrated significant occlusion of the left coronary artery as well ...
de Jonge Peter - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The reporting of depressive symptoms following myocardial infarction may be confounded by complaints originating from the myocardial infarction. Therefore, it is difficult to estimate the effects of post-myocardial infarction depression and its treatment on cardiovascular prognosis. The authors' goal was to study the relationship between depressive symptom dimensions following ...
Turrini O - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report the long term risks of neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NCRT) after duodenopancreatectomy (DP) for adenocarcinoma of the head of pancreas. METHODS: Between January 1996 and December 2002, 26 patients with biopsy-proven adenocarcinoma of the head of pancreas were treated by this combination of therapies. RESULTS: Two patients had delayed ...
Breeman Arno - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To assess long-term survival in unselected patients with coronary artery disease in who an invasive approach is considered. METHODS: All patients with significant coronary artery disease who were presented for coronary revascularisation to two tertiary centres in 1992 were included. Follow-up data were collected in September 2002. Multivariate Cox' ...
Hase Mamoru - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Early defibrillation and cardiopulmonary bypass have been postulated to be a promising intervention against out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA); however, little is known about the long-term prognosis. The effects of early recovery of circulation (ROC) on neurological recovery and the long-term outcome in patients with OHCA were examined. METHODS AND ...
Gregory Susan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The adoption of healthy living advice by people with heart disease is known to be poor even in targeted interventions. Reasons for this can range from confusion about the seriousness of the condition to ineffectiveness in the form of advice and how it is conveyed. However, the social setting ...
Addala Srinivas - - 2005
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) developing out of hospital or even in hospital has a reported prognosis for survival that is <50%. We examined the prognosis for VF in 19,497 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and identified 164 who had VF (0.84%). The time to defibrillation was <1 minute and was successful ...
Ilkhanoff Leonard - - 2005
In a cohort of 710 patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs), we demonstrated that the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction Risk Index--a predictor of 30-day mortality in clinical trial patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)--is a strong predictor of short- and long-term mortality with good discrimination ability (c statistics 0.77 to ...
Yasuhara Hiroshi - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In patients with acute mesenteric ischemia, early diagnosis is considered to improve the prognosis by preventing the occurrence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). However, it remains unclear which factors affect the mortality once advanced ischemia and SIRS develop in cases of delayed diagnosis. The aim of this study ...
Stoica S C - - 2006
To examine short and long term outcomes of octogenarians having heart operations and to analyse the interaction between patient and treatment factors. Multivariate analysis of prospectively collected data and a survival comparison with an age and sex matched national population. The outcomes were base in-hospital mortality, risk stratified by logistic ...
Yu Bo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cardiac function is difficult to evaluate in small animal models of heart disease. The Doppler Tei index is a simple and non-invasive measure that can express global cardiac function even in small animal models of congestive heart failure. However, its ability to predict prognosis has not been evaluated. METHODS ...
Sianos G - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long term outcome after intracoronary beta radiation therapy (IRT). SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. METHODS: The rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was retrospectively determined in 301 consecutive patients who were treated with IRT. MACE was defined as death, myocardial infarction, or any reintervention. Long term ...
Timmer J R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Many inflammatory markers are associated with an adverse prognosis after ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Hyperglycaemia may exacerbate this inflammatory response. We investigated whether the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was associated with an adverse prognosis and whether this was mediated by glucose levels. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: It ...
Subramaniam Balachundhar - - 2005
We performed a retrospective review of a vascular surgery quality assurance database to evaluate the perioperative and long-term morbidity and mortality of above-knee amputations (AKA, n = 234) and below-knee amputations (BKA, n = 720) and to examine the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) (181 of AKA and 606 of ...
Michelena Hector I - - 2005
This review article discusses the historical origin of cardiac radionuclide-based methods, the physiologic background that justifies their existence, as well as the basic pathophysiologic concepts of coronary artery disease and their connection with the technologic design and application of these methods. Most importantly, this review discusses the important insights that ...
Regner Kevin R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery for carcinoid heart disease may be associated with acute renal failure (ARF) and multiorgan dysfunction postoperatively. This study was performed to determine the incidence, risk factors, and prognosis of ARF after cardiac surgery for carcinoid heart disease. METHODS: This is a case-control study of 86 consecutive patients ...
Ertl Georg - - 2005
Wounding and healing are archaic principles, prerequisite for survival of any biologic material. However, strategies to cope with wounding may be quite different among organisms, species, or among various organs of one species. Today, myocardial infarction and the consequent loss of fully functional myocardium is the major aetiology for heart ...
Westin L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We have investigated whether perceived quality of life has an impact on long-term survival after a cardiac event. DESIGN: Male (n = 316) and female (n = 97) patients were assessed by means of a self-administered quality of life questionnaire 1 year after either acute myocardial infarction (n = ...
Ferrières Jean - - 2005
We evaluated the association of statin initiation within 48 hours of admission for an acute myocardial infarction with a 1-year prognosis on a nationwide scale. Patients who received a statin within 48 hours of admission but not before hospitalization had an improved prognosis (hazard ratio 0.57, 95% confidence interval 0.38 ...
Vemmos Konstantinos N - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Isolated pontine strokes cause characteristic neurological syndromes and have a good short-term prognosis. The aim of this study was to examine the long-term survival, cumulative recurrence rate and clinical handicap of patients with isolated pontine infarcts of different aetiology. METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients with an isolated ...
Lin Ming Lee - - 2005
Non-compaction of the ventricular myocardium is a rare congenital cardiomyopathy that carries an unfavorable prognosis. It is associated with a high incidence of progressive heart failure, thromboembolism and malignant arrhythmias. Echocardiography currently remains the imaging modality most commonly used for diagnosis. We describe an unusual case of isolated non-compaction of ...
Watanabe Mari A - - 2004
April 2004 marks the fifth anniversary of the first heart rate turbulence (HRT) publication, which demonstrated the usefulness of HRT in predicting cardiac death in postmyocardial infarction patients. Since then, HRT has been shown to predict prognosis of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and of patients with heart failure of mixed ...
Wolk Robert - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between plasma leptin and prognosis in patients with angiographically confirmed coronary atherosclerosis. BACKGROUND: Experimental studies suggest that leptin, an adipose tissue-derived hormone, exerts important cardiovascular effects. METHODS: Study subjects were recruited prospectively from a cohort of patients undergoing clinically indicated coronary ...
Senior Roxy - - 2004
MCE is a reliable, bedside technique for assessment of a patient with acute coronary syndrome. It can be used to estimate the myocardial risk-area and infarct size and to establish peri-infarct viability. This information is critical in both management decision-making and in assigning prognosis in the setting of acute coronary ...
Harris Randall J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Obtaining predictable and esthetic root coverage has become important. Unfortunately, there is only a limited amount of information available on the long-term results of root coverage procedures. The goal of this study was to evaluate the short-term and long-term root coverage results obtained with an acellular dermal matrix and ...
Noyez Luc - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in cardiac surgery, the risk of reoperative coronary artery bypass surgery (RECABG) still exceeds those of a primary myocardial revascularization and also the late results are not so favourable. In this study, long-term cardiac survival is analyzed. METHODS: We analyzed long-term cardiac survival of 466 patients who ...
Boldt Talvikki - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this follow-up study of 292 fetuses with various cardiac arrhythmias were to estimate the incidence of structural heart defects and fetal compromise, to investigate the effects of antiarrhythmic medication, and to evaluate perinatal mortality and morbidity and long-term outcome. METHODS: The arrhythmias were classified into atrial ...
Abildstrom S Z - - 2003
To compare the incidence and case fatality of acute myocardial infarction in Denmark and Sweden. A cohort study, linking the national registries of hospital admissions and causes of death in the two countries. All admissions and deaths with acute myocardial infarction as primary or secondary diagnosis were extracted (Denmark, 1978 ...
Gavazzi Antonello - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess whether testing of potential reversibility of pulmonary hypertension (PHT) may be a useful means of defining the short-term prognosis of patients with advanced heart failure and elevated pulmonary artery pressure. In such patients, the reversibility of PHT after acute vasodilator administration is associated ...
Ferri C - - 2003
Cardiac involvement frequently occurs in systemic sclerosis (SSc), contributing to the occurrence of symptoms, namely dyspnoea, fatigue, palpitations, and in some instances to the clinical evolution and prognosis of the disease. A thorough baseline screening of heart functioning and appropriate follow-up monitoring is therefore mandatory in all SSc patients. This ...
Sundel Robert P - - 2002
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment for Kawasaki disease (KD), first discovered almost 20 years ago, dramatically changed the management and prognosis of the condition. Although standard Japanese Ministry of Health criteria suggest that current treatment is more than 95% effective at preventing coronary artery changes, echocardiographic measurements adjusted for body size, ...
Tydén P - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective in this follow up study from the Malmö myocardial infarction register has been to assess whether long term survival following discharge after first myocardial infarction has any relation with the socioeconomic environment and to assess to what extent intra-urban differences in mortality from ischaemic heart disease ...
Packham C - - 2002
To explore the effects of alternative methods of defining myocardial infarction on the numbers and survival patterns of patients identified as having sustained a confirmed myocardial infarct. An inclusive historical cohort of patients admitted with a suspected heart attack. Patients were recoded from raw clinical data (collected at the index ...
Bravo Nieves - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic stress with scintigraphy can predict prognosis in patients with coronary disease. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) has been used in stress testing, but its efficacy in assessing prognosis has not been studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 150 patients (95 men, aged 64 +/- 10 years) were studied with ...
Ruiz Bailén Manuel - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review reversible myocardial dysfunction affecting critically ill patients without cardiac pathology. DATA SOURCES: The bibliography for the study was compiled through a search of different databases for the period 1966-2001. References cited in the selected articles also were reviewed. STUDY SELECTION: The selection criteria included all articles published ...
d'Allonnes F Revault - - 2002
To analyse the long term prognosis in patients with isolated stenoses of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) following surgical revascularisation. 106 patients (71 men and 35 women, mean age 61 years) were operated on between 1982 and 1998. Before surgery, 103 patients presented with angina pectoris and only 10 ...
Ildan Faruk - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a retrospective study to investigate the prognosis, possible prognostic factors, and long-term natural history of subarachnoid hemorrhage of unexplained cause. METHODS: This report contains a retrospective analysis of data for 84 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage of unknown cause who were monitored for 1 month to 9.5 years, ...
Abboud L - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term prognostic significance of symptomatic ischaemia during exercise testing performed 3 weeks after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DESIGN: A prospective study with long-term follow-up. SETTING: A Cardiac Rehabilitation Clinic in a University Hospital. SUBJECTS: A total of 446 patients were allowed to perform exercise testing ...
Brønnum-Hansen H - - 2001
As part of the Danish WHO MONICA study, a register of patients with myocardial infarction was established in 1982, covering 11 municipalities in the western part of Copenhagen County, Denmark. During the period 1982-91, all cases of myocardial infarction among citizens aged 25-74 years were registered and validated according to ...
Mukamal K J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Studies show an inverse association between height and risk of myocardial infarction. How height affects survival after acute myocardial infarction is uncertain. METHODS: In the Determinants of Myocardial Infarction Onset Study, trained interviewers performed chart reviews and face-to-face interviews with 1935 patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction in 45 ...
Nicolau J C - - 2001
Modern and sophisticated technology for the management of myocardial infarction has progressively devalued medical evaluation. This study was undertaken to assess the importance of the findings of medical evaluation at hospital presentation, in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Data from 590 thrombolytic-treated myocardial infarction patients were analyzed. The patients were ...
Liuzzo G - - 2001
Inflammation plays a pivotal role in both the development of atherosclerosis and the acute activation of the vascular wall with consequent local thrombosis and vasoconstriction (with or without plaque fissure). In many patients with unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction, systemic signs of inflammation are detectable. The use of systemic ...
Tresch D D - - 2001
Cardiac arrhythmias are common in elderly patients. Complete evaluation with detection of underlying structural heart disease and comorbidities is necessary. Prognosis is dependent on the presence of underlying heart disease, particularly the degree of ventricular dysfunction and the presence of comorbidities. Long-term prognosis is excellent in patients without underlying heart ...
Mulleague L - - 2001
Clostridium novyi has recently been identified as the causative organism responsible for the deaths of 35 heroin addicts who had injected themselves intramuscularly. We present two heroin addicts who developed C. botulinum infection following intramuscular or subcutaneous injection of heroin. Like C. novyi, this grows under anaerobic conditions and clinical ...
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