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Lewandowski Adam J AJ Oxford Cardiovascular Clinical Research Facility, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX39DU, - - 2013
Young adults born preterm have distinct differences in left ventricular mass, function, and geometry. Animal studies suggest that cardiomyocyte changes are evident in both ventricles after preterm birth; therefore, we investigated whether these young adults also have differences in their right ventricular structure and function. We studied 102 preterm-born young ...
Harhay Michael O MO Penn Cardiovascular Institute, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United - - 2013
Inflammation contributes to the pathogenesis of disease associated with the left ventricle (LV); yet, our understanding of the effect of inflammation on the right ventricle (RV) is quite limited. The relationships of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and fibrinogen with RV morphology and function (from cardiac MRI) were examined in ...
Garg Bindu B Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences , Bhojipura, Bareilly- 243202, Uttar Pradesh, India - - 2013
Echocardiographic determination of Left Ventricle Mass (LVM) - an important marker of cardiovascular disease, has been given a lot of importance in clinical diagnosis and in planning of treatment. Clinically asymptomatic compensated hypertensives show some pathological findings which are indicative of left ventricular dysfunction. The study population of 106 males, ...
Kadi Hasan - - 2013
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in patients with hypertension. In hypertensive hypertrophy, the pathophysiological mechanism is the accumulation of collagen in the myocardium. Fragmented QRS (fQRS) complexes are associated with myocardial fibrosis. The study population included 90 patients with hypertension and a normal coronary ...
Rich David Q DQ University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 265 Crittenden Blvd, CU420644, Rochester, New York 14642, USA. - - 2013
Previous studies have reported an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) associated with acute increases in PM concentration. Recently, we reported that MI/fine particle (PM2.5) associations may be limited to transmural infarctions. In this study, we retained data on hospital discharges with a primary diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (using ...
Iyer Anand A Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Townsville Hospital, Queensland, - - 2014
A 40-year-old man with Crohn's disease was found to have recurrence of a large left ventricular mass on echocardiography during workup for stricturoplasty. He presented with left limb emboli. He had been diagnosed with a left ventricular thrombus 2 years earlier, with multiple cerebral and peripheral emboli, and underwent surgery. ...
Oueida Farouk M FM Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Saud Al-Babtain Cardiac Center, Dammam, Eastern Province, Saudi - - 2014
A young Saudi woman presented with symptoms of palpitation, near syncope, anxiety, and fatigue. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a left ventricular mass. Under cardiopulmonary bypass, brief cardioplegic arrest, and the aid of a thoracoscope, the mass was resected. Histologic examination showed a rare benign cardiac tumor: mixed cavernous-capillary hemangioma.
Spiewak Mateusz - - 2013
INTRODUCTION Data regarding factors affecting left- (LVEF) and right-ventricular (RVEF) ejection fractions in patients after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair are inconsistent.  OBJECTIVES To assess determinants of LVEF and RVEF in a large cohort of patients with repaired TOF. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study comprised 122 patients with repaired TOF (median age 24.2 ...
Srinivas Sunil Kumar - - 2013
Thrombus formation in left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) of a normal heart is a very rare occurrence. A 23-year-old male who presented with syncope, on evaluation found to have obstructing mass in the LVOT. His heart was otherwise normal. His investigations were not contributory except for significant eosinophilia. Due to ...
Tracy Richard E - - 2013
When overweight or hypertension is present, some patients at first examination exhibit left ventricular (LV) dilation and others concentric hypertrophy that persists indefinitely. Perhaps the ventricles with the fewest myocytes could enter systolic dysfunction with dilation and those with more myocytes may sustain persistent concentric hypertrophy. Cardiomyocyte numbers, MyN, were ...
Noori Noormohammad N Children and Adolescent Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, - - 2013
Patients suffering from major beta thalassemia need frequent blood transfusions and, if not treated well, would be at risk of heart dysfunction. This study was performed to determine the diagnostic value of electrocardiography versus echocardiography in measuring the left ventricular mass index in these patients. Between July 2010 and June ...
Trocino Giuseppe - - 2013
Three years after surgical resection of oesophageal tumour, during the regular instrumental oncologic follow-up performed by thoracic computed tomography scan in an otherwise asymptomatic 48-year-old man, a left ventricular mass was detected. It developed during a 6-month-period, and at the time of discovery it measured 63 × 61 mm. The mass was further ...
Kusunose Kenya - - 2013
The standard echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular (LV) mass, particularly in ischemic cardiomyopathy (IC) is challenging because it is based on geometric assumptions. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of LV mass calculation using echocardiographic modalities compared with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in IC and in ...
Gerloni Riccardo - - 2013
A 74-year-old man was referred to hospital for sustained dyspnea. The patient was normotensive (110/70 mmHg) with clinical evidence of congestive heart failure. ECG showed atrial flutter (145 bpm). Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated a mildly dilated left ventricle with severe systolic dysfunction and a big irregular mobile mass, a mildly dilated right ventricle ...
Dullaart Robin P F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Plasma lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) mass predicts future cardiovascular events in the non-acute setting. We tested the extent to which Lp-PLA2 is elevated in patients with acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: 231 consecutive patients referred for acute chest pain participated. 144 were diagnosed with myocardial infarction (MI; 100 were classified ...
Sjöberg Lind Ylva - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Established risk factors for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. However, as these risk factors explain only part of the variation in left ventricular mass, we investigated whether persistent organic pollutants (POPs) might also play a role in LVH, because exposure to polychlorinated biphenyl 126 induced ...
Plank Fabian F Department of Radiology, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, Canada; ; Department of Radiology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, - - 2013
A 61-year-old asymptomatic woman was referred for echocardiography to evaluate recently detected systolic murmur. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed an echodense obstructive mass in the left ventricular outflow tract of unclear origin. Subsequent transesophageal echo suggested an intracardiac calcified tumor and recommended surgical excision. Contrast-enhanced cardiac computed tomography (CT) confirmed a well-defined ...
Kang Soo-Jin SJ Department of Cardiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South - - 2013
This study sought to assess differences in visual-functional mismatches between men and women. Sex differences in mismatch between coronary anatomy and function remain poorly understood. We assessed quantitative coronary angiography, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), fractional flow reserve (FFR), and echocardiographic left ventricular mass in a prospective cohort of 700 patients (493 ...
Germain Dominique P - - 2013
Purpose:The aim of this study was to evaluate the progression of left ventricular hypertrophy in untreated men with Fabry disease and to assess the effects of agalsidase-β (recombinant human α-galactosidase A) on left ventricular hypertrophy.Methods:Longitudinal Fabry Registry data were analyzed from 115 men treated with agalsidase-β (1 mg/kg/2 weeks) and 48 ...
Aggon Allison A AA Pinnacle Health Community Campus, Harrisburg, PA, - - 2013
Breast infarction can occur in benign breast lesions, such as fibroadenomas, as well as healthy breast tissue, typically in the gravid or lactating patient. Few theories, however, exist to explain this unusual lesion. We present a very rare case of a 27-year-old female patient with extensive, multifocal, bilateral mammary infarction. ...
Sert Ahmet - - 2013
The aims of this study were to evaluate left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function in obese adolescents with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) using conventional echocardiography and pulsed-wave tissue Doppler imaging and to investigate the relations between LV function and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). LV remodeling, tissue Doppler-derived LV ...
Kassab Ghassan S - - 2013
Elevation of biomarkers and ischaemia after coronary stenting of a bifurcation is not uncommon due to side branch (SB) occlusion. Hence, it is important to understand the relation between the lumen calibre of the SB and the myocardial mass affected. The objective of this proof of concept perspective is to ...
Engeli Stefan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether increased adipocyte-derived serum fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) predisposes to cardiac remodelling and left ventricular dysfunction in human obesity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional investigation. SETTING: Academic clinical research centre. PATIENTS: 108 overweight and obese non-diabetic women (body-mass index 33±5 kg/m²). INTERVENTIONS: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Relationship between ...
Haddad Francois - - 2013
Athletic training is associated with increases in ventricular mass and volume. Recent studies have shown that left ventricular mass increases proportionally in white athletes with a mass/volume ratio approaching unity. The objective of this study was to compare the proportionality in ventricular remodeling and ventricular function in black versus white ...
Balluz Rula - - 2013
Quantitative measurement of left ventricular (LV) volumes, mass, and function is one of the most common and important indications for echocardiography. These measurements are among the most powerful tools for diagnosis and prognosis of congenital and acquired heart diseases and for assessment of medical, percutaneous, and surgical interventions. Awareness is ...
Kibar Ayse Esin - - 2013
A direct effect of obesity on myocardial function has not been not well established. Our aim was to investigate the effect of body mass index (BMI) and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) on left-ventricular (LV) myocardial function in normotensive overweight and obese children by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). ...
Moura Cláudia Maria Caldas - - 2013
Inverted left atrial appendage (LAA) is a rare surgical complication. Our patient, a boy aged 2 years, was diagnosed with a partial atrioventricular defect with mild regurgitation of the left atrioventricular valve and a large primum atrial septal defect. Direct postoperative transesophageal echocardiography revealed a new left atrial mass attached ...
Strachinaru Mihai - - 2013
The left atrial septal pouch was described in 2010 by Krishnan and Salazar as a potential source of embolism. It is formed by the caudal fusion of the area of overlap of the septum primum and the septum secundum, leaving a cranial opening towards the left atrium. The potential for ...
Park Chloe M CM International Centre for Circulatory Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, and Imperial College Healthcare National Health Service Trust, London, UK. - - 2013
Cardiometabolic risk is elevated in South Asians and African Caribbeans compared with Europeans, yet whether this is associated with ethnic differences in left-ventricular structure is unclear. Conventional M-mode or 2-dimensional echocardiography may be misleading, because they calculate left-ventricular mass and remodeling using geometric assumptions. Left-ventricular structure was compared in a ...
Doesch Christina - - 2013
We sought to investigate the association of the EAT with CMR parameters of ventricular remodelling and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). One hundred and fifty subjects (112 consecutive patients with DCM and 48 healthy controls) underwent CMR examination. Function, volumes, dimensions, the LV remodelling ...
Ravassa Susana - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) induces hypertrophic growth and contractile dysfunction in cardiomyocytes. This cross-sectional study was aimed to analyze CT-1 associations with echocardiographically assessed left ventricular systolic properties taking into account the influence of left ventricular growth [i.e. left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and inappropriate left ventricular mass (iLVM)] in asymptomatic hypertensive ...
Blalock Shannon E - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the interstudy variability of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) parameters of ventricular size and function in repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with TOF (n = 30, median age 23.5 years, 43% male) were enrolled prospectively. Each patient underwent two consecutive CMR examinations on ...
Bansal Nisha N Division of Nephrology, University of California, San Francisco, 521 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0532, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2013
Abnormal left ventricular structure and function are associated with increased risk of adverse outcomes among patients with CKD and ESRD. A better understanding of changes in left ventricular mass and ejection fraction during the transition from CKD to ESRD may provide important insights to opportunities to improve cardiac outcomes. This ...
Wongphen Anuchit - - 2013
In hypertensive patients, increased left ventricular (LV) mass and impaired aortic stiffness are independent predictors for cardiovascular events. There were some prior studies which established the correlation between left ventricular hypertrophy and aortic stiffness; nevertheless, there are limited data in hypertensive patients. Furthermore, few studies applied cardiac MRI which is ...
Lim Han S - - 2013
Echocardiography is the investigational tool of choice for identifying cardiac masses. However, extracardiac masses may lead to a misdiagnosis. We present a unique case of a massive hiatus hernia in a 93 year old woman, compressing on the left atrium, mimicking a left atrial mass. Echocardiographic features suggestive of a ...
Zheng Minjuan - - 2013
We sought to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) for evaluation of cardiac volume, mass, and function and to characterize maturational changes of these measurements in human fetuses. Eighty pregnant women in the 2(nd) and 3(rd) trimesters (59 with normal fetuses and 21 with fetuses with ...
Pinet Florence - - 2013
SELDI-TOF and depletion of major blood proteins is one of the most promising approaches for accessing low-abundance biomarkers. The use of combinatorial peptide ligand library (CPLL) for selecting the low-abundance proteins and of liquid-phase isoelectric focusing for purifying the corresponding proteins was tested in plasma or serum from patients with ...
Martínez-Quintana Efrén - - 2013
Various conditions may present with an electrocardiographic pattern of ST segment elevation simulating myocardial infarction. We present an asymptomatic 16-year-old male patient, whose ECG showed persistent anterolateral ST segment elevation and magnetic resonance imaging showed wall motion abnormalities from previous myocarditis but no evidence of inflammation.
Kossaify Antoine - - 2013
Diastolic dysfunction is a common cause of heart failure with preserved systolic function in obese patients. To assess diastolic function in a series of overweight and obese patients using conventional and tissue Doppler echocardiography. University hospital; left ventricular diastolic function was evaluated in 99 patients (mean age 61.59 ± 13.9 ...
Zaid Uwais B UB Department of Urology, University of California San Francisco, 400 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, - - 2013
We present a case of a patient with xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) presenting with a large (18 × 12 cm) left-sided flank mass with worsening left flank pain. CT abdomen/pelvis demonstrated a left kidney with parenchyma replaced by multiple large hypodense collections containing fluid and gas, a left staghorn calculus, and a ...
Shibata Kensaku K Department of Cardiology, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, - - 2013
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), with its co-receptor Klotho, plays a crucial role in phosphate metabolism. Several recent studies suggested that circulating FGF23 and α-Klotho concentrations might be related to cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with advanced renal failure. Using data from 100 cardiology inpatients who were not undergoing chronic hemodialysis, ...
Lewandowski Adam J AJ Oxford Cardiovascular Clinical Research Facility, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2013
Preterm birth leads to an early switch from fetal to postnatal circulation before completion of left ventricular in utero development. In animal studies, this results in an adversely remodeled left ventricle. We determined whether preterm birth is associated with a distinct left ventricular structure and function in humans. A total ...
Staron Adam - - 2012
Regression of left ventricular (LV) mass in severe aortic stenosis (AS) following aortic valve replacement (AVR) reduces the potential risk of sudden death and congestive heart failure associated with LV hypertrophy. We investigated whether abnormalities of resting LV deformation in severe AS can predict the lack of regression of LV ...
Bakal Ruken Bengi - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between left ventricular mass (LVM) and interatrial conduction delay (CD) measured by tissue Doppler echocardiography. In enrolled 66 hypertensive patients, positive correlation between interatrial CD and LVM index (r = 0.32) was detected. Meanwhile, intra-atrial CD was correlated to early diastolic tissue ...
Ahlgren Bryan - - 2012
We present a rare and unique case of calcific constrictive pericarditis with a calcified pericardial mass invading the right ventricular myocardium. Perioperative two-dimensional and three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography revealed the extent and structure of the pericardial mass and led to the repair of the right ventricular free wall as a surgical ...
Gelsomino Sandro - - 2012
We explored the influence of global longitudinal strain (GLS) measured with two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography on left ventricular mass regression (LVMR) in patients with pure aortic stenosis (AS) and normal left ventricular function undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR). The study population included 83 patients with severe AS (aortic valve area <1 ...
Mehta Sudhir K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence in adults suggests that left ventricular mass measured as left ventricular mass/height1.7 predicts cardiovascular morbidity and mortality better than the two widely used indices, left ventricular mass/body surface area and left ventricular mass/height2.7. Standards of left ventricular mass/height1.7 have not been reported in children, for whom, owing ...
Bousquenaud Mélanie - - 2013
There is evidence that survival remains possible for infarction greater than 50% of the left ventricle in human, as well as in the rat infarct model. To our knowledge, survival has not been documented for infarctions involving the anterior, inferior and lateral wall leaving intact only the septal wall. An ...
Bravo Claudio C Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, - - 2013
Recently we described an ischemic preconditioning induced by repetitive coronary stenosis, which is induced by 6 episodes of non-lethal ischemia over 3 days, and which also resembles the hibernating myocardium phenotype. When compared with traditional second window of ischemic preconditioning using cDNA microarrays, many genes which differed in the repetitive ...
Toeg Hadi Daood - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This case report describes a novel minimally invasive technique for complete resection of a cardiac papillary fibroelastoma by directly visualizing the mass via an intraoperative mediastinoscope placed through the aortic valve. A 68-year-old man presented to the emergency department with two episodes of transient ischemic attack. Echocardiography demonstrated a ...
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