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Germain Dominique P - - 2013
Purpose:The aim of this study was to evaluate the progression of left ventricular hypertrophy in untreated men with Fabry disease and to assess the effects of agalsidase-β (recombinant human α-galactosidase A) on left ventricular hypertrophy.Methods:Longitudinal Fabry Registry data were analyzed from 115 men treated with agalsidase-β (1 mg/kg/2 weeks) and 48 ...
Aggon Allison A AA Pinnacle Health Community Campus, Harrisburg, PA, - - 2013
Breast infarction can occur in benign breast lesions, such as fibroadenomas, as well as healthy breast tissue, typically in the gravid or lactating patient. Few theories, however, exist to explain this unusual lesion. We present a very rare case of a 27-year-old female patient with extensive, multifocal, bilateral mammary infarction. ...
Sert Ahmet - - 2013
The aims of this study were to evaluate left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function in obese adolescents with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) using conventional echocardiography and pulsed-wave tissue Doppler imaging and to investigate the relations between LV function and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). LV remodeling, tissue Doppler-derived LV ...
Kassab Ghassan S - - 2013
Elevation of biomarkers and ischaemia after coronary stenting of a bifurcation is not uncommon due to side branch (SB) occlusion. Hence, it is important to understand the relation between the lumen calibre of the SB and the myocardial mass affected. The objective of this proof of concept perspective is to ...
Engeli Stefan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether increased adipocyte-derived serum fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) predisposes to cardiac remodelling and left ventricular dysfunction in human obesity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional investigation. SETTING: Academic clinical research centre. PATIENTS: 108 overweight and obese non-diabetic women (body-mass index 33±5 kg/m²). INTERVENTIONS: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Relationship between ...
Haddad Francois - - 2013
Athletic training is associated with increases in ventricular mass and volume. Recent studies have shown that left ventricular mass increases proportionally in white athletes with a mass/volume ratio approaching unity. The objective of this study was to compare the proportionality in ventricular remodeling and ventricular function in black versus white ...
Balluz Rula - - 2013
Quantitative measurement of left ventricular (LV) volumes, mass, and function is one of the most common and important indications for echocardiography. These measurements are among the most powerful tools for diagnosis and prognosis of congenital and acquired heart diseases and for assessment of medical, percutaneous, and surgical interventions. Awareness is ...
Kibar Ayse Esin - - 2013
A direct effect of obesity on myocardial function has not been not well established. Our aim was to investigate the effect of body mass index (BMI) and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) on left-ventricular (LV) myocardial function in normotensive overweight and obese children by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). ...
Moura Cláudia Maria Caldas - - 2013
Inverted left atrial appendage (LAA) is a rare surgical complication. Our patient, a boy aged 2 years, was diagnosed with a partial atrioventricular defect with mild regurgitation of the left atrioventricular valve and a large primum atrial septal defect. Direct postoperative transesophageal echocardiography revealed a new left atrial mass attached ...
Strachinaru Mihai - - 2013
The left atrial septal pouch was described in 2010 by Krishnan and Salazar as a potential source of embolism. It is formed by the caudal fusion of the area of overlap of the septum primum and the septum secundum, leaving a cranial opening towards the left atrium. The potential for ...
Park Chloe M CM International Centre for Circulatory Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, and Imperial College Healthcare National Health Service Trust, London, UK. - - 2013
Cardiometabolic risk is elevated in South Asians and African Caribbeans compared with Europeans, yet whether this is associated with ethnic differences in left-ventricular structure is unclear. Conventional M-mode or 2-dimensional echocardiography may be misleading, because they calculate left-ventricular mass and remodeling using geometric assumptions. Left-ventricular structure was compared in a ...
Doesch Christina - - 2013
We sought to investigate the association of the EAT with CMR parameters of ventricular remodelling and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). One hundred and fifty subjects (112 consecutive patients with DCM and 48 healthy controls) underwent CMR examination. Function, volumes, dimensions, the LV remodelling ...
Ravassa Susana - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) induces hypertrophic growth and contractile dysfunction in cardiomyocytes. This cross-sectional study was aimed to analyze CT-1 associations with echocardiographically assessed left ventricular systolic properties taking into account the influence of left ventricular growth [i.e. left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and inappropriate left ventricular mass (iLVM)] in asymptomatic hypertensive ...
Blalock Shannon E - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the interstudy variability of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) parameters of ventricular size and function in repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with TOF (n = 30, median age 23.5 years, 43% male) were enrolled prospectively. Each patient underwent two consecutive CMR examinations on ...
Bansal Nisha N Division of Nephrology, University of California, San Francisco, 521 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0532, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2013
Abnormal left ventricular structure and function are associated with increased risk of adverse outcomes among patients with CKD and ESRD. A better understanding of changes in left ventricular mass and ejection fraction during the transition from CKD to ESRD may provide important insights to opportunities to improve cardiac outcomes. This ...
Wongphen Anuchit - - 2013
In hypertensive patients, increased left ventricular (LV) mass and impaired aortic stiffness are independent predictors for cardiovascular events. There were some prior studies which established the correlation between left ventricular hypertrophy and aortic stiffness; nevertheless, there are limited data in hypertensive patients. Furthermore, few studies applied cardiac MRI which is ...
Lim Han S - - 2013
Echocardiography is the investigational tool of choice for identifying cardiac masses. However, extracardiac masses may lead to a misdiagnosis. We present a unique case of a massive hiatus hernia in a 93 year old woman, compressing on the left atrium, mimicking a left atrial mass. Echocardiographic features suggestive of a ...
Zheng Minjuan - - 2013
We sought to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) for evaluation of cardiac volume, mass, and function and to characterize maturational changes of these measurements in human fetuses. Eighty pregnant women in the 2(nd) and 3(rd) trimesters (59 with normal fetuses and 21 with fetuses with ...
Pinet Florence - - 2013
SELDI-TOF and depletion of major blood proteins is one of the most promising approaches for accessing low-abundance biomarkers. The use of combinatorial peptide ligand library (CPLL) for selecting the low-abundance proteins and of liquid-phase isoelectric focusing for purifying the corresponding proteins was tested in plasma or serum from patients with ...
Martínez-Quintana Efrén - - 2013
Various conditions may present with an electrocardiographic pattern of ST segment elevation simulating myocardial infarction. We present an asymptomatic 16-year-old male patient, whose ECG showed persistent anterolateral ST segment elevation and magnetic resonance imaging showed wall motion abnormalities from previous myocarditis but no evidence of inflammation.
Shibata Kensaku - - 2013
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), with its co-receptor Klotho, plays a crucial role in phosphate metabolism. Several recent studies suggested that circulating FGF23 and α-Klotho concentrations might be related to cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with advanced renal failure. Using data from 100 cardiology inpatients who were not undergoing chronic hemodialysis, ...
Kossaify Antoine - - 2013
Diastolic dysfunction is a common cause of heart failure with preserved systolic function in obese patients. To assess diastolic function in a series of overweight and obese patients using conventional and tissue Doppler echocardiography. University hospital; left ventricular diastolic function was evaluated in 99 patients (mean age 61.59 ± 13.9 ...
Zaid Uwais B UB Department of Urology, University of California San Francisco, 400 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, - - 2013
We present a case of a patient with xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) presenting with a large (18 × 12 cm) left-sided flank mass with worsening left flank pain. CT abdomen/pelvis demonstrated a left kidney with parenchyma replaced by multiple large hypodense collections containing fluid and gas, a left staghorn calculus, and a ...
Lewandowski Adam J AJ Oxford Cardiovascular Clinical Research Facility, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2013
Preterm birth leads to an early switch from fetal to postnatal circulation before completion of left ventricular in utero development. In animal studies, this results in an adversely remodeled left ventricle. We determined whether preterm birth is associated with a distinct left ventricular structure and function in humans. A total ...
Staron Adam - - 2012
Regression of left ventricular (LV) mass in severe aortic stenosis (AS) following aortic valve replacement (AVR) reduces the potential risk of sudden death and congestive heart failure associated with LV hypertrophy. We investigated whether abnormalities of resting LV deformation in severe AS can predict the lack of regression of LV ...
Bakal Ruken Bengi - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between left ventricular mass (LVM) and interatrial conduction delay (CD) measured by tissue Doppler echocardiography. In enrolled 66 hypertensive patients, positive correlation between interatrial CD and LVM index (r = 0.32) was detected. Meanwhile, intra-atrial CD was correlated to early diastolic tissue ...
Ahlgren Bryan - - 2012
We present a rare and unique case of calcific constrictive pericarditis with a calcified pericardial mass invading the right ventricular myocardium. Perioperative two-dimensional and three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography revealed the extent and structure of the pericardial mass and led to the repair of the right ventricular free wall as a surgical ...
Gelsomino Sandro - - 2012
We explored the influence of global longitudinal strain (GLS) measured with two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography on left ventricular mass regression (LVMR) in patients with pure aortic stenosis (AS) and normal left ventricular function undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR). The study population included 83 patients with severe AS (aortic valve area <1 ...
Mehta Sudhir K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence in adults suggests that left ventricular mass measured as left ventricular mass/height1.7 predicts cardiovascular morbidity and mortality better than the two widely used indices, left ventricular mass/body surface area and left ventricular mass/height2.7. Standards of left ventricular mass/height1.7 have not been reported in children, for whom, owing ...
Bousquenaud Mélanie - - 2013
There is evidence that survival remains possible for infarction greater than 50% of the left ventricle in human, as well as in the rat infarct model. To our knowledge, survival has not been documented for infarctions involving the anterior, inferior and lateral wall leaving intact only the septal wall. An ...
Bravo Claudio C Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, - - 2013
Recently we described an ischemic preconditioning induced by repetitive coronary stenosis, which is induced by 6 episodes of non-lethal ischemia over 3 days, and which also resembles the hibernating myocardium phenotype. When compared with traditional second window of ischemic preconditioning using cDNA microarrays, many genes which differed in the repetitive ...
Toeg Hadi Daood - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This case report describes a novel minimally invasive technique for complete resection of a cardiac papillary fibroelastoma by directly visualizing the mass via an intraoperative mediastinoscope placed through the aortic valve. A 68-year-old man presented to the emergency department with two episodes of transient ischemic attack. Echocardiography demonstrated a ...
Hussain Sajjad - - 2012
A young male presented with dyspnoea and was found to have a diastolic murmur at the left lower sternal edge. Transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiograms found a large mass attached to the tricuspid valve, which was projecting into the right atrium and the right ventricle. The mass was causing significant obstruction ...
Arı Hasan - - 2012
Primary cardiac tumors of the ventricles are very uncommon. Cardiac hemangiomas are extremely rare primary benign cardiac tumors that are often asymptomatic and are typically diagnosed incidentally during an echocardiographic examination. We report the case of a 27-year-old male who was referred to our hospital complaining of atypical chest pain ...
Chang Sung-A - - 2012
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a disease that typically has heterogeneous hypertrophy and dysfunction of the myocardium. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) can be used to accurately assess ventricular wall thickness and regional fibrosis. We investigated the effects of hypertrophy and fibrosis on the heterogeneity of regional and global myocardial function ...
Mahesh Kumar Saktheeswaran - - 2012
Achalasia cardiae is a rare esophageal motility disorder of unknown cause, which can remain asymptomatic for a long time. Diagnosis can be missed in view of the frequent absence of pathognomonic clinical signs and symptoms. We present the case of an elderly gentleman, who had achalasia incidentally detected by transthoracic ...
Libhaber Carlos D - - 2012
AIM:: We determined whether left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) which exceeds that predicted from workload [inappropriate LV mass (LVMinappr)] is associated with reduced left ventricle (LV) systolic chamber function independent of and more closely than absolute or indexed left ventricular mass (LVM). METHODS:: In 626 randomly selected adult participants from a ...
Lind P Monica - - 2012
Identified risk factors for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are hypertension, diabetes and obesity. However, since these risk factors only explain a part of the variation in left ventricular mass, we investigated if trace and heavy metals might also play a role in LVH. In the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature ...
Choi Eui-Young - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Elevated N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is associated with clinically overt heart failure (HF). However, whether it provides additive prognostic information for incident HF beyond traditional risk factors and the left ventricular (LV) mass index among multi-ethnic asymptomatic individuals has not yet been determined. We studied the associations of ...
Bakhtiari Rostam Esfandiar - - 2012
A 51-year-old man was found to have left ventricular masses by transthoracic echocardiography, one attached to the posterior wall of the left ventricle and another attached to the anterolateral wall of the left ventricle. He had several events of systemic embolization over the last few weeks. Surgical excision was recommended ...
Kashyap Raghava - - 2012
We present the challenges in performing the stress test and acquisition of images in myocardial scintigraphy in a 54-year-old female patient with dextrocardia. Dextrocardia and situs inversus were documented on prior investigations including a chest roentgenogram and sonography.
Springeling Tirza - - 2013
Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) preserves function and improves survival. The late effects of PPCI on left ventricular remodeling, however, have not yet been investigated on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). Twenty-five patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with PPCI underwent CMRI within 10 days, at 4 months and ...
Groth M - - 2012
Purpose: To study the agreement between experienced and inexperienced observers before and after training using a standardized evaluation protocol for cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) measurements of left ventricular (LV) volumes, mass and infarct size. Materials and Methods: First, 10 CMR studies from patients with myocardial infarction were analyzed by ...
Hill Joseph A - - 2012
Hypertrophic growth of the heart occurs in many clinical scenarios, and it confers substantially increased risk of untoward sequelae. Among them, transition to ventricular dilation, wall thinning, contractile dysfunction, and a clinical syndrome of heart failure are paramount. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is typically diagnosed by either electrocardiography or echocardiography. ...
Hietalampi Hanna - - 2012
It is not known whether birth weight and early childhood growth are associated with the development of cardiac left ventricular mass (LVM) in healthy adolescents. Left ventricular growth and geometric remodeling may have long-term consequences on cardiovascular health later in life. We studied the determinants of LVM and patterns of ...
Bacharova Ljuba - - 2012
An increased QRS voltage is considered to be specific for the electrocardiogram (ECG) diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). However, the QRS-complex patterns in patients with LVH cover a broader spectrum: increased QRS voltage, prolonged QRS duration, left axis deviation, and left anterior fascicular block- and left bundle branch block-like ...
Cogni Ana Lucia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The impact of obesity on ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) is still poorly understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the role of waist circumference (WC) and body mass index as predictors of cardiac remodeling in patients after an anterior MI. METHODS: Eighty-three consecutive patients ...
Zheng Xiao-Zhi - - 2012
Objectives- To evaluate the feasibility of using the difference in left ventricular (LV) mass at end diastole and peak systole as determined by area-length calculation methods to detect major stenosis of the left coronary artery territory by 2-dimensional echocardiography. Methods- The LV mass at end diastole, LV mass at peak ...
Dote Kinuko - - 2012
Summary: Background: Both obesity and left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. There is a paucity of data as to whether obesity is independently associated with LV diastolic dysfunction.Methods: Adult patients with sinus rhythm referred for a transthoracic echocardiography between July, ...
Yoshida Kiyoshi - - 2012
The mitral valve complex is consisted of annulus, leaflets, chordae tendineae, papillary muscle (PMs) and surrounding left ventricle. Functional mitral regurgitation (MR) results from left ventricular remodeling such as dilatation or distortion, which displaces the PMs and then tethers the mitral leaflets, restricting leaflet coaptation. Undersized annuloplasty, which has been ...
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