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Yang Ya - - 2011
Objectives: Quantitative tissue velocity imaging (QTVI) is a new noninvasive method that derives measurements of velocities directly from the myocardium. Data on atrial myocardial tissue velocities in normal fetuses have not been established. The objective of this study was to evaluate atrial myocardial velocity and the myocardial velocity gradient of ...
Uchida Yasuhiro - - 2011
The left main coronary artery (LMCA) is a particularly important target of atherosclerotic plaque accumulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the connection between subclinical plaque burden in the LMCA measured by intravascular ultrasound and future cardiovascular events. Two hundred eighteen consecutive patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention for ...
Bernard Leah S - - 2012
Fetal chronic anemia causes lengthening of cardiomyocytes. In adults, severe left ventricular overload may lead to irreversible ventricular dysfunction. We hypothesized that in sheep fetuses with chronic anemia, remodeled myocardium would less successfully respond to angiotensin II (AT II) infusion than in fetuses without anemia. A total of 14 ewes ...
Dell'Aquila Angelo Maria - - 2011
Although Troponins are demonstrated to be better predictors than CK-MB in quantification of myocardial damage, the relation between cut-off values for the diagnosis of perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI) and sample time is still not clear. In the present study we sought to analyse the clinical consequence of an early and ...
Hokama Akira - - 2011
In emergency, ultrasound has been widely used as a noninvasive and effective examination to evaluate congestive heart failure. We highlight "Playboy Bunny" sign as a reliable marker and an important clue to the diagnosis of passive hepatic congestion, caused by congestive heart failure.
Pillow Malford T - - 2011
We present the case of a 32-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department with a witnessed cardiac arrest. She was otherwise healthy with no cardiac risk factors and had undergone an uneventful repeated cesarean section 3 days priorly. The patient underwent defibrillation, out of ventricular fibrillation to a perfusing ...
Thompson D J - - 2011
Abstract A 5-year-old male neutered Labrador Retriever Afghan crossbred dog was examined after collapsing. The dog was recumbent, dyspnoeic and mildly tachypnoeic. There was a tachyarrhythmia (300 beats per minute) and subcutaneous oedema of the ventral neck and right forelimb. The dog had a sustained ventricular tachycardia originating in the ...
Desai Chintan S - - 2011
When present clinically, cardiac involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a major risk factor for death. It is therefore vitally important to understand the epidemiology, screening, diagnosis, and treatment of the cardiac manifestations of SSc. The epidemiology of cardiac involvement in SSc has been the subject of several recent studies. ...
From Aaron M AM Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2011
Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is widely used for surveillance of cardiac allograft rejection and for the diagnosis of unexplained ventricular dysfunction. Typically, EMB is performed through the jugular or femoral veins and is associated with a serious acute complication rate of less than 1% using current flexible bioptomes. Although it is ...
McDaniel Michael C MC Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, - - 2011
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) provides valuable information on the coronary vascular lumen and wall and has been an important tool in the cardiac catheterization laboratory for over 2 decades. The major utility of IVUS relates to optimizing stent deployment, particularly in complex lesions. In percutaneous coronary intervention with bare-metal stents, IVUS ...
Fabozzo Assunta - - 2011
We report a case of a 3-month-old child, presenting with signs of myocardial ischemia and hemodynamic instability, requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support. Due to the unclear preoperative instrumental findings, a surgical exploration was performed revealing the presence of coronary ostia stenosis and an intramural course of both coronary arteries. The ...
Cohen Stafford I - - 2011
The Boston Marathon has been run for 115 years during which there were three sudden cardiac arrests. The most recent was a near death avoided by rapid cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation. Awareness of the dangers of participating in a marathon, the risk factors associated with sudden death during competition, ...
Fátima Monteiro Pereira Leite Maria - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Because fetal respiratory movements increase left ventricular compliance, we hypothesized that the left atrial shortening fraction increases during fetal respiratory motions. METHODS: A group of 26 normal fetuses with gestational ages between 28 and 38 weeks were assessed in a prospective cross-sectional study. Left atrial telesystolic and presystolic diameters were ...
Tibballs James - - 2011
Guidelines for basic and advanced paediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have been revised by Australian and New Zealand Resuscitation Councils. Changes encourage CPR out-of-hospital and aim to improve the quality of CPR in-hospital. Features of basic CPR include: omission of abdominal thrusts for foreign body airway obstruction; commencement with chest compression ...
Schoonderwaldt Ernst M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To determine the reproducibility, both reliability and agreement, of measurements of fetal left ventricular parameters from volumes obtained by spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) acquisition applying virtual organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL) and Simpson's rule (method of discs). Furthermore the success rate of STIC acquisition was determined. STUDY DESIGN: In 84 ...
Arunamata Alisa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) has rarely been described in the fetus. METHODS: The presence of associated congenital heart disease and rhythm disturbance was identified and the presence of heart failure was assessed using the cardiovascular profile score in all fetuses with LVNC presenting from January 1999 to July 2010. ...
Ishii Tetsuko - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Neonatal congenital tricuspid valve (TV) dysplasia and/or displacement (Ebstein's malformation) with severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a challenging condition for which outcomes are frequently poor. Little is known about LV function during the perinatal period in patients with congenital TV disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate ...
Eliasson Håkan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: =0.02), risk factors were distributed equally between treatment groups. Two-thirds of survivors had a pacemaker by 1 year of age; 8 children developed cardiomyopathy.Conclusions-Risk factors associated with a poor outcome were gestation <20 weeks, ventricular rate ≤50 bpm, hydrops, and impaired left ventricular function. No significant effect of treatment ...
Lee Douglas S - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Although cardiac procedures are commonly used to treat cardiovascular disease, they are costly. Administrative data sources could be used to track cardiac procedures, but sources of such data have not been validated against clinical registries. OBJECTIVES:: To examine accuracy of cardiac procedure coding in administrative databases versus a prospective ...
Barbieri Andrea - - 2011
AIMS: Despite the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE)/European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) recommended the use of left ventricular (LV) mass to diagnose left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), several laboratories continue to use only the septal thickness by M-mode because it appears easier to measure. Aim of the study was to investigate ...
Izmirly Peter M PM Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. - - 2011
Cardiac manifestations of neonatal lupus include conduction disease and, rarely, an isolated cardiomyopathy. This study was initiated to determine the mortality and morbidity of cardiac neonatal lupus and associated risk factors in a multi-racial/ethnic US-based registry to provide insights into the pathogenesis of antibody-mediated injury and data for counseling. Three ...
Elmstedt N - - 2011
The high velocity and short duration of myocardial motion requires a high sampling rate to obtain adequate temporal resolution; this issue becomes even more important when taking into consideration the high fetal heart rate. In this study we have established optimal sampling requirements for assessing the duration of various cardiac ...
Patel Ankitkumar K - - 2011
Cardiovascular system failure is commonly faced by the intensivist. Heart failure can occur due to a host of predisposing cardiac disorders or as secondary effects of systemic illness. When the heart is unable to provide an adequate cardiac output to maintain adequate tissue perfusion, cardiogenic shock ensues. Without prompt diagnosis ...
Merz Waltraut M - - 2011
Cardiac malformations with impact on loading patterns have the potential to progress to irreversible loss of ventricular function during human fetal life. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (nt-proBNP) is a marker of cardiac dysfunction and involved in cardiac remodeling and fibrosis. We evaluated nt-proBNP levels in the circulation of human fetuses ...
Md Costin Nicolae Ionescu - - 2011
Left ventriculography is sometimes not performed during cardiac catheterization when results of prior non-invasive tests are available. We present a rare case of left ventricular noncompaction coexisting with left ventricular aneurysm diagnosed with during cardiac catheterization. Left ventriculography could provide additional information in patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease and ...
Ley Abigail E - - 2011
Cerebellar infarction is a known possible complication of extreme prematurity, and usually results in severe disability. This report presents a 20-month-old girl (16 months corrected), who was born in a toilet at 24 weeks gestational age. She had multiple neonatal predictors of poor outcome, including unilateral cerebellar hemispheric infarction, grade ...
Frederiksen Christian Alcaraz - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The authors hypothesized that preoperative N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) correlates well with longitudinal strain measurements and with Doppler measurements of diastolic function. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Aortic valve replacement, coronary artery bypass grafting, or a combination ...
Nelson Matthew - - 2011
Abstract We present a case of successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest after 25 minutes of ventricular fibrillation (VF) secondary to peripartum cardiomyopathy. This case highlights a rare disease, but also, more importantly, the successful use of the five links of survival: early access to 9-1-1, early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), early ...
Matsuo Yuka - - 2011
Left ventricular (LV) pseudoaneurysm is a serious complication of periannular extension of infective endocarditis (IE). Because pseudoaneurysm carries a high risk of rupture, its detection and evaluation are crucial for patient management and surgical planning. We report 2 cases with LV pseudoaneurysms, one near the aortic valve and the other ...
Shanmugasegaram Shamila - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Cardiac Rehabilitation Barriers Scale (CRBS). In total, 2636 cardiac inpatients from 11 hospitals completed a survey. One year later, participants completed a follow-up survey, which included the CRBS. A subsample of patients also completed ...
Andò Giuseppe - - 2011
In a 70-year-old woman with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and respiratory failure, right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) was diagnosed with ECG and later confirmed by echocardiography. Although the diagnosis of RVH in adulthood remains a challenge for the clinical cardiologist, this case draws attention on the diagnostic value of voltage criteria and ...
Jaeggi Edgar T - - 2011
Fetal tachyarrhythmia may result in low cardiac output and death. Consequently, antiarrhythmic treatment is offered in most affected pregnancies. We compared 3 drugs commonly used to control supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) and atrial flutter (AF). We reviewed 159 consecutive referrals with fetal SVT (n=114) and AF (n=45). Of these, 75 fetuses ...
Tsang Benjamin K-T - - 2011
We present the case of right ventricular thrombus formation associated with a right ventricular infarct secondary to a proximal right coronary artery thrombus, which was not evident on transthoracic echocardiography but detected on both delayed gadolinium enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and microsphere contrast echocardiography. The diagnosis of right ventricular thrombosis ...
Venkatachalam K L - - 2011
The number of patients receiving pacemakers and defibrillators has grown substantially over the last 20 years. In addition, the complexity and sophistication of these devices have increased, making diagnosis of pacemaker problems using the electrocardiogram (ECG) more difficult for clinicians in the emergency department. This article will focus on a ...
Hamilton Douglas R - - 2012
The transition to microgravity eliminates the hydrostatic gradients in the vascular system. The resulting fluid redistribution commonly manifests as facial edema, engorgement of the external neck veins, nasal congestion, and headache. This experiment examined the responses to modified Valsalva and Mueller maneuvers measured by cardiac and vascular ultrasound (ECHO) in ...
Chong Carol P - - 2011
Cardiac injury after orthopaedic surgery is an increasing problem particularly in an ageing population. The detection of cardiac injury has been aided by the use of cardiac troponins which has also raised questions about the utility of this enzyme in the post-operative setting. This review evaluates the diagnosis and pathophysiology ...
Mohammed Nuruddin Badruddin - - 2011
Congenital cardiac anomalies are the most common anomalies, with an estimated incidence of about 4-13 per 1000 live births. Proper perinatal and neonatal management is dependent upon accurate prenatal diagnosis. Approximately 10% of foetuses with cardiac abnormalities have identified risk factors; hence, most of the anomalies occur in pregnancies without ...
Cakmak Hüseyin Altu─č - - 2011
Chylothorax and chylous ascites are very rare clinical entities generally caused by obstruction and disruption of the thoracic duct. A 60-year-old man presented with exertional dyspnea, fatigue, and chest discomfort of 18-month history. Physical examination revealed S4, bilateral pretibial edema, and moderate amount of ascites. Computed tomography and X-ray of ...
Animasahun B A - - 2011
A double-chambered right ventricle (DCRV) is a rare congenital heart disease and an uncommon cause of congestive cardiac failure. An anomalous muscle band divides the right ventricle into two cavities, causing variable degrees of obstruction. Echocardiography is considered a useful method for the diagnosis of this pathology, especially in children. ...
Seow S C - - 2011
A middle-aged male smoker presented with atypical chest pain. Initial electrocardiogram (ECG) showed Brugada Type 1 pattern. Subsequent ECGs demonstrated evolving anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), consistent with the elevated cardiac enzymes. Coronary angiogram showed significant stenoses in the left anterior descending artery, which were stented emergently. In retrospect, ...
Stressig R - - 2011
PURPOSE: Predominant left heart hypoplasia is commonly observed in human fetuses with left diaphragmatic hernia and intrathoracic liver herniation ("liver-up"). In contrast, marked left/right heart disproportion has not been described in fetuses with right diaphragmatic hernia, despite intrathoracic herniation of large parts of the liver. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed ...
Puskas Ferenc - - 2011
Objective. Left ventricular (LV) thrombosis persists as a clinical challenge in echocardiographic diagnosis and is an important risk factor for perioperative embolic events in cardiac surgery. Appropriate detection and monitoring when thrombus is suspected is critical in surgical planning and in avoiding catastrophic patient outcomes. Case Presentation. The authors present ...
Zepeda Ramiro - - 2011
It has been suggested that prenatal exposure to cadmium may alter the cardiovascular function during adulthood. Using the left coronary artery ligation model of acute myocardial infarction, we studied the cardiac function of female adult offspring rats exposed to cadmium (30 ppm) during gestation. The cardiac ischemic zone in the control ...
Tong Wenni - - 2011
Fetal hypoxia leads to progressive cardiac remodeling in rat offspring. The present study tested the hypothesis that maternal hypoxia results in reprogramming of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression patterns and fibrillar collagen matrix in the developing heart. Pregnant rats were treated with normoxia or hypoxia (10.5% O(2)) from day 15 to ...
Panduranga Prashanth - - 2011
Left-ventricular non-compaction may be isolated or associated with other cardiac or noncardiac anomalies. Left-ventricular non-compaction associated with left ventricular diverticulum is very rare. We describe a 30 year-old pregnant woman with a long standing diagnosis of biventricular non-compaction in whom a hidden left ventricular apical diverticulum was detected on transthoracic ...
Ilg Karl J - - 2012
Awareness of the problem of false electrocardiographic diagnosis of septal infarction due to cranially misplaced precordial leads V1 and V2, a common technical error, is important because this pseudo-pathologic finding can trigger unnecessary medical procedures and have other adverse sequelae. The non-trivial nature of this problem is emphasized by the ...
Tse Rexson - - 2011
  A rare case of sudden and unexpected death is reported in an 87-year-old woman who was found dead at her home. At autopsy, the most striking finding was of a right-sided direct inguinal hernia containing a 20 mm infarcted Meckel diverticulum, with proximal small intestinal obstruction. Significant stenosing atherosclerosis was ...
Larue Shane - - 2011
: Left ventricular assist devices have become increasingly common for the treatment of acute and chronic heart failure. It is unclear whether these devices can handle the increased stresses caused by pregnancy. : An 18-year-old woman received a left ventricular assist device after peripartum cardiomyopathy. The patient was not adherent ...
Kaplan Abdullah - - 2011
Left ventricular aneurysms are common in clinical practice. Although their underlying aetiology is generally clear by the clinical context, it can be hard to define the exact cause in some cases. We report a case of a patient in whom cardiac MRI provided important information about the differential diagnosis of ...
Sekhri Vishal - - 2011
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown etiology characterized by noncaseating granulomas in involved organs. Organs involved with sarcoidosis include lymph nodes, skin, lung, central nervous system, and eye. Only 40-50% of patients with cardiac sarcoidosis diagnosed at autopsy have the diagnosis made during their lifetime. Cardiac sarcoidosis can ...
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