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Mikhaylov Evgeny N EN From the Departments of Electrophysiology, Federal Almazov Medical Research Centre, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation; Departments of Neuromodulation, Federal Almazov Medical Research Centre, Saint-Petersburg, Russian - - 2014
A left atrial anterior ablation line (AnL), connecting the mitral annulus and right pulmonary veins or a roof line, has been suggested as an alternative to mitral isthmus (MI) ablation for perimitral flutter (PMF). Theoretically, the AnL can exclude the left atrial (LA) septal wall from the reentrant circle, and ...
Tusun Eyyup E Clinic of Cardiology, Dr. Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Center Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
ST segment elevation of chest lead V4 R is associated with worse prognosis in acute inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study tried to determine the relationship between ST elevation in the right precordial lead V4 R and acute anterior STEMI. Prospective study of 144 consecutive anterior STEMI patients: all ...
Kadowaki Hiromu H Division of Cardiology, Saiseikai Kumamoto Hospital Cardiovascular Center, 5-3-1 Chikami, Minami-Ku, Kumamoto, 861-4193, - - 2014
A 60-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of dyspnea on exertion. He was diagnosed with heart failure due to an old myocardial infarction. Myocardial stress perfusion scintigraphy revealed inducible myocardial ischemia. Coronary angiography revealed hazy slit lesions in both the left anterior descending (LAD) and right coronary arteries ...
Kar Saibal S Heart Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, - - 2014
This study was designed for conducting a comparative evaluation of the healing response after Watchman (WM) (Boston Scientific, Plymouth, Minnesota) and Amplatzer Cardiac Plug (ACP) (St. Jude Medical, Minneapolis, Minnesota) in a canine left atrial appendage (LAA) model. There is no direct comparison of the WM and ACP device in pre-clinical ...
Mosarrezai Arash - - 2012
In cases of isolated vertigo, physicians are unable to definitely distinguish between central or peripheral vertigo by history and physical examination. Some central causes of isolated vertigo such as cerebellar stroke can be life-threatening and require intervention. Brain infarction can be detected shortly after the onset of clinical symptoms by ...
Trask Aaron J - - 2012
Previous studies from our laboratory showed that coronary arterioles from type 2 diabetic mice undergo inward hypertrophic remodeling and reduced stiffness. The aim of the current study was to determine if coronary resistance microvessels (CRMs) in Ossabaw swine with metabolic syndrome (MetS) undergo remodeling distinct from coronary conduit arteries. Male ...
Sert Ahmet - - 2012
Noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium is a rare cardiomyopathy characterized by a pattern of prominent trabecular meshwork and deep intertrabecular recesses. The prevalence of left ventricular noncompaction is 0.01% in adults and 0.14% in pediatric patients. Although the usual site of involvement is the left ventricle, the right ventricle and ...
Peters Ferande - - 2012
The investigators describe 35-year-old monozygotic twins who presented 6 months apart with heart failure. In conclusion, this is the first report of adult monozygotic twins with isolated left ventricular noncompaction who presented with similar clinical and echocardiographic features and abnormal twist mechanics.
Tumabiene Kristine D - - 2012
Isolated left ventricular apical hypoplasia is a newly recognized type of cardiomyopathy, with only a few cases reported since it was first described in 2004. We report this case of a 21-year-old Filipino female presenting with unstable supraventricular arrhythmia and heart failure, with characteristic features of isolated left ventricular apical ...
Liao Ronglih R Cardiac Muscle Research Laboratory, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2012
The isolated retrograde-perfused Langendorff heart and the isolated ejecting heart have, over many decades, resulted in fundamental discoveries that form the underpinnings of our current understanding of the biology and physiology of the heart. These two experimental methodologies have proven invaluable in studying pharmacological effects on myocardial function, metabolism, and ...
Isik Turgay - - 2012
Red cell distribution width (RDW) is an index that has been shown to be an independent correlate of adverse outcomes in some cardiac conditions. Isolated coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is an abnormality of the coronary anatomy and can cause ischemia. We hypothesized that increased RDW would be associated with isolated ...
Korotaeva K N - - 2012
Experiments on myocardial strips isolated from the right auricular myocardium of patients with heart failure showed that tyrosine, histidine, and tryptophan increased the amplitude of electrically stimulated contractions. The nature of this effect and clinical implications are discussed.
Doguet Fabien - - 2012
Phrenic Nerve Isolation in Cardiac Resynchronization. Left phrenic nerve stimulation is a well-known complication of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). We report a case where electronic or anatomical repositioning of the left ventricular (LV) electrode (within the coronary sinus tributaries) was not feasible/effective. Surgical graft interpositioning was performed to successfully isolate ...
Nabais Sérgio - - 2012
We describe the case of a 61-year-old man who presented with chest pain and ST-segment elevation in the anterior precordial leads (V1-V5) due to proximal occlusion of the right ventricular branch of a codominant right coronary artery. Primary coronary angioplasty and stenting of this branch was performed resulting in resolution ...
Flynn Shawn E - - 2012
Stable angina pectoris owing to isolated right ventricular ischemia from a critical stenosis in a nondominant right coronary artery is a rare entity and documentation of isolated right ventricular ischemia even rarer. We present a case of isolated right ventricular ischemia documented by fractional flow reserve (FFR) and resolution of ...
Lee William - - 2012
We present a case of a young patient, whose first manifestation of isolated ventricular noncompaction (IVNC) was sudden cardiac arrest precipitated by ventricular fibrillation. Furthermore we had the rare opportunity to record the onset of subsequent episodes of ventricular fibrillation-with discussion on the mechanisms of ventricular arrhythmias in IVNC. (PACE ...
Umemura Masanari - - 2012
There are few reports of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) relating to the occlusion of the conus branch, most of which are iatrogenic in nature. So far as we are concerned, this is the first case of spontaneous AMI with isolated conus branch occlusion. Electrocardiogram (ECG) showed mild elevation of ST ...
Liu Xiu-Xiu - - 2012
Bioassay-guided fractionation of an n-BuOH extract of the lateral roots of Aconitum carmichaeli. led to the isolation of 5 cardioactive C(19)-diterpenoid alkaloids: N-deethylaconine (1), beiwutinine (2), hypaconine (3), mesaconine (4), and 15α-hydroxyneoline (5). N-Deethylaconine and beiwutinine are new aconitine-type C(19)-diterpenoid alkaloids. Hypaconine was isolated from this species for the first ...
Arsalan Mani - - 2012
Introduction. The existence of human cardiac stem cells (hCSC) and their regenerative capacity are not fully defined. The aim of this study was to identify and analyse the distribution of hCSCs by flow cytometry (FCM). Methods. Tissue samples from the left ventricle (LV) and the appendages of the right atrium ...
Tsuda Hiromasa - - 2012
A 71-year-old man with hyperlipidemia abruptly developed left-sided isolated shoulder palsy. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated infarction of the cortical branch of the right middle cerebral artery (MCA). In the primary motor cortex, there is broad somatotopic representation of various body parts in a particular arrangement, and the area corresponding ...
Pappy Reji M - - 2012
We report the case of a 27-year-old woman with a rare presentation of right ventricular failure secondary to isolated right ventricular myocardial infarction, 3 weeks after an uncommon surgical procedure, the modified Cabrol operation. Her medical history also included a Ross procedure at the age of 12 years. On the ...
Vijayvergiya Rajesh R Department of Cardiology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. - - 2012
A 32-year-old young male was found to have non-sustained, repetitive, monomorphic ventricular tachycardia of right bundle branch morphology during routine pre-anaesthetic evaluation for orthopaedic surgery. Echocardiography and left ventricular angiogram were suggestive of isolated non-compaction of left ventricular apex with systolic dysfunction. He was successfully managed with anti-arrhythmic drugs and ...
Matt Peter - - 2011
We report our experience with a low-volume (100 mL), single-shot crystalloid cardioplegia (Cardioplexol) in 61 consecutive patients undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR). Cardioplexol resulted in immediate cardiac arrest. Intraoperative courses were uneventful. Postoperative markers of myocardial damage, Troponin T and CK-MB levels, were low but steadily increased with longer ...
Wong Sean-Man - - 2011
Hyperthyroidism is a common side effect encountered in patients prescribed long-term amiodarone therapy for cardiac arrhythmias. We previously studied 354 patients prescribed amiodarone in whom the occurrence of hyperthyroidism was associated with major adverse cardiovascular events including heart failure, myocardial infarction, ventricular arrhythmias, stroke and even death [1]. We now ...
Igarashi Miyako - - 2011
Coupling Intervals and Polymorphic QRS Morphologies. Introduction: Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) arising from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) can trigger polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PVT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF) in patients with no structural heart disease. We aimed to clarify the ECG determinants of the polymorphic QRS morphology in idiopathic RVOT ...
Zimarino Marco - - 2011
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is often "associated" with myocardial injury. This event has been considered in the past as an acceptable trade-off for an optimal stent deployment. More recently, in the Universal Definition of myocardial infarction (MI), an increase of either cardiac troponins or creatine kinase-MB >3 times the upper ...
Jassar Arminder Singh - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery in Jehovah's Witnesses poses unique challenges. We have developed a comprehensive multimodality program for these patients and have obtained excellent results. METHODS: Ninety-one Jehovah's Witness patients underwent cardiac surgery between 2000 and 2010. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative considerations in the conduct of bloodless surgery in the Jehovah's ...
Tomcsanyi Janos - - 2011
Isolated occlusion of the septal perforating branch of the left anterior descending coronary artery is extremely rare. As a result, little is known about its electrocardiographic manifestations compared with those of an anteroseptal myocardial infarction. We present the case of an isolated septal myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation.
Spinner Erin M - - 2011
Background- Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is increasingly recognized as a source of morbidity. Current repair strategies focus on annular remodeling because annular dilatation is common in patients with TR. Although papillary muscle (PM) displacement is recognized in functional mitral regurgitation, its role in TR is less well characterized. The objective ...
Gladden James D - - 2011
Mechanisms of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in isolated mitral regurgitation (MR) are not well understood. Vasodilator therapy in other forms of LV dysfunction reduces LV wall stress and improves LV function; however, studies in isolated MR show no beneficial effect on LV remodeling using vasodilator drugs or renin-angiotensin system blockade. ...
Roberts William Clifford - - 2011
Three patients (2 women) 36, 45, and 49 years of age underwent cardiac transplantation for what was diagnosed clinically as nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. Examination of the transthoracic echocardiogram and explanted heart in each disclosed marked hypertrabeculation involving the free wall of the very dilated left ventricle, a finding consistent with ...
Aldakkak Mohammed M Department of Anesthesiology, The Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA. - - 2011
Ranolazine is a clinically approved drug for treating cardiac ventricular dysrhythmias and angina. Its mechanism(s) of protection is not clearly understood but evidence points to blocking the late Na+ current that arises during ischemia, blocking mitochondrial complex I activity, or modulating mitochondrial metabolism. Here we tested the effect of ranolazine ...
Redfern G - - 2011
Although peri-operative myocardial infarction remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality following vascular surgery, the significance of an isolated troponin leak is uncertain. This is an elevation of troponin below the diagnostic threshold for a peri-operative myocardial infarction, without symptoms or ischaemic electrocardiography changes or echocardiography signs such as ...
Brenyo Andrew J - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice today. Contemporary medical treatment options include atrioventricular nodal blocking agents to control heart rates during AF, antiarrhythmic drugs aimed at maintaining normal sinus rhythm, and anticoagulation therapies to reduce stroke risk. Invasive treatment of AF has emerged because ...
Patil Virendra C - - 2011
Non-compaction cardiomyopathy is a recently recognized disorder, based on an arrest in endomyocardial morphogenesis. The disease is characterized by heart failure (both diastolic and systolic), systemic emboli and ventricular arrhythmias. The diagnosis is established by two-dimensional echocardiography. Isolated left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (IVNC) is an exceedingly rare congenital cardiomyopathy. Only ...
Geerts Bart F - - 2011
Many methods of cardiac output measurement have been developed, but the number of methods useful for human pharmacological studies is limited. The 'holy grail' for the measurement of cardiac output would be a method that is accurate, precise, operator independent, fast responding, non-invasive, continuous, easy to use, cheap and safe. ...
Ying Zhi-Qiang - - 2011
Isolated left ventricular noncompaction (IVNC) is a rare congenital anomaly. The clinical manifestations include congestive heart failure, systemic thromboemboli, arrhythmias and sudden death. We report a case of IVNC in a male patient who presented with atrial fibrillation with complete heart block.
Kumagai Koichiro - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an arrhythmia associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Since the first report of catheter ablation curing AF, numerous techniques have evolved, from linear ablation to segmental pulmonary vein (PV) isolation, to extensive encircling PV isolation, to left atrial (LA) linear ablation, to ablation of complex fragmented ...
McDonough Ryan J - - 2011
We present a unique case of a 42-year-old gentleman with newly diagnosed Graves' disease and isolated right ventricular failure. Extensive evaluation to include echocardiogram and cardiac catheterization were negative for significant pulmonary hypertension or coronary artery disease as potential etiologies. Hyperthyroid induced vasospasm is a rare but reported clinical entity ...
Moukarbel George V - - 2012
Abnormal coronary vasoconstriction, or coronary spasm, can be the result of several factors, including local and neuroendocrine aberrations. It can manifest clinically as a coronary syndrome and plays an important role in the genesis of myocardial ischemia. Over the past half century, coronary angiography allowed the in vivo demonstration of ...
Ohtaki Yuka - - 2011
Iodine-123 beta-methyl-p-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) imaging is useful to diagnose recent myocardial ischemia. A 27-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of aborted cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation. She underwent BMIPP imaging in order to rule out ischemic heart disease. Reduced BMIPP uptake was observed in the inferoseptal segments. ...
Erdem Ramazan - - 2010
Presumptive coronary artery spasm, with characteristic ST-segment elevation followed by ventricular arrhythmia and cardiac arrest, is a very uncommon manifestation of the carcinoid crisis and has been shown on angiography only once in a patient with co-existing extensive atheromatous disease. We present the history of a 70-year-old man with angiographically ...
Yiu Kai-Hang - - 2011
Head-up tilt test (HUT) is frequently used for diagnosis of neurocardiogenic syncope. It mimics orthostatic stress resulting in venous pooling, central hypovolemia with compensated left ventricular hypercontraction, and sympathetic stimulation. Although generally considered to be a safe procedure, we hereby present a rare complication of HUT in a 50-year-old woman ...
Lee Wen-Hsien - - 2010
Acute myocardial infarction is usually caused by rupture of unstable plaque and involves a single coronary artery. Simultaneous occlusions of multiple coronary arteries in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction are uncommon and lead to a fatal outcome. We report a 75-year-old male presenting with persistent chest pain complicated by ...
Kroll Henry R - - 2010
The oculocardiac reflex (OCR) occurs in up to 90% of ophthalmological surgeries. Several preventive and treatment strategies have been described. Coronary artery spasm (CAS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of variant angina and myocardial infarction. We describe an unusual case of a perioperative myocardial infarction due to CAS ...
Uchida Yasumi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is characterized by systolic ballooning of the left ventricular apex. It is triggered by emotional or physical stress, but the exact mechanism through which stress leads to TCM is not known. HYPOTHESIS: Coronary microvessel apoptosis is the missing link between stress and TCM. METHODS: In 8 ...
Kealey Angela - - 2010
Ischemic heart disease is uncommon during pregnancy, occurring in approximately one in 10,000 live births. With the increasing age and fertility of mothers, the incidence of coronary artery disease in pregnancy is likely to increase. Atherosclerosis appears to be the most common cause of acute myocardial infarction, although coronary spasm, ...
Yang Youngsoon - - 2010
Under certain conditions, exertional headaches may reflect coronary ischemia. A 44-year-old woman developed intermittent exercise-induced headaches with chest tightness over a period of 10 months. Cardiac catheterization followed by acetylcholine provocation demonstrated a right coronary artery spasm with chest tightness, headache, and ischemic effect of continuous electrocardiography changes. The patient's ...
Takamatsu Hiroyuki - - 2010
A 79-year-old female patient with multiple myeloma who had no prior cardiac disease history developed an acute myocardial infarction on day 5 after receiving bortezomib and dexamethasone (BD). After treatment of coronary stenoses by stents, she received another course of BD therapy and developed angina pectoris on day 5 after ...
Alima Mai Bol - - 2010
Myocardial bridging (MB) is a frequent condition usually considered benign but it may be associated with myocardial ischemia. When bridging is symptomatic, therapeutic options are numerous and in the absence of guidelines all options are conceivable. This is a case of a 27-year-old man who benefited from a new surgical ...
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