Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 858
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Itoh E - - 1999
An electrophysiological study and a provocative test of coronary artery spasm was attempted in a 68-year-old man who was having syncopal attacks and chest pain. His electrocardiogram had the characteristics of Brugada syndrome and ventricular fibrillation (VF) was induced by programmed electrical stimulation. ST-segment elevation became exaggerated by procainamide, which ...
Danenberg H D - - 1999
We report the occurrence of a coronary mural thrombus and recurrent myocardial infarction in a patient with normal-appearing epicardial coronary arteries and small-vessel coronary artery disease. The current case emphasizes the importance of permanent medical treatment with anti-platelet and vasodilators in patients with small-vessel coronary artery disease.
Beltrame J F - - 1999
Japanese investigators have provided a substantial contribution in the understanding of coronary vasomotor reactivity. On occasions, their findings have been at variance with those undertaken on caucasian patients, raising speculation that vasomotor differences between races may exist. In a comparative review of the published literature, we evaluated the vasoreactive differences ...
Sueda S - - 1999
This study examines the incidence of spasm by intracoronary injection of acetylcholine in Japanese patients who underwent coronary angiography. The subjects were 685 consecutive patients (477 men, mean age 63.2 +/- 7.5 years) who were studied with an acetylcholine test. Acetylcholine was injected in incremental doses of 20, 50, and ...
Gurewitch J - - 1999
Myocardial bridge is a not uncommon finding in routine diagnostic coronary angiography or pathological examination of the heart. It is almost always confined to the left ventricle and the left anterior descending coronary artery. This report describes a patient with chronic lung disease, severe left ventricular dysfunction, and pulmonary hypertension ...
Vandergoten P - - 1999
Prinzmetal's variant angina is a rare entity. When angina-like symptoms occur at rest, mostly at a specific hour in the early morning, together with transient ST segment elevations and angiographically normal arteries, provocative tests with ergonovine or acetylcholine should be performed. Endothelial dysfunction, a strong thrombotic tendency, an increased platelet ...
Kugiyama K - - 1999
This study examined the direct response of smooth muscle of coronary spasm sites to alpha1-adrenergic stimulation in patients with coronary spastic angina. Phenylephrine (1 microM in the coronary circulation, for 5 min), a stimulator of alpha1-adrenoreceptors, was directly infused into coronary arteries with spasm in 10 patients with coronary spastic ...
Mohri M - - 1999
Myocardial perfusion abnormalities occur in the absence of epicardial coronary artery disease in patients with a wide spectrum of cardiovascular disorders including microvascular angina, hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary atherosclerosis, hypercholesterolemia, and non-ischemic left ventricular dysfunction. These patients have limited coronary microvascular dilator reserve which occasionally is associated with ...
Frank R E RE - - 1999
Human myocardial bridging is a normal anatomic variation in which a coronary artery is bridged by a short segment of myocardium. It can cause variable degrees of systolic obstruction. The majority of patients are asymptomatic. A wide variety of syndromes can occur, including myocardial infarction and sudden death. All patients ...
Camici P G - - 1999
Myocardial hibernation is a state of persistently impaired left ventricular function in patients with coronary artery disease that was thought to be caused by a chronic reduction in resting myocardial blood flow in a segment subtended by a diseased coronary artery. However, recent studies using positron emission tomography have demonstrated ...
Haberbosch W - - 1999
Several lines of evidence have shown that viral infections are capable of causing coronary spasm and precipitating or mimicking clinical myocardial infarction. Here we report the case of a 41-year-old woman with recurrent angina who was admitted to our hospital because of ventricular tachycardia. Laboratory examination revealed positive IgM titers ...
Ruf T - - 1998
CONDENSED ABSTRACT: We analyzed actomyosin cross-bridge kinetics in human atrial and ventricular muscle strip preparations by using sinusoidal length changes from 0.1 to 60 Hz. The minimum stiffness frequency was higher in atrial than in ventricular human myocardium and lower in failing than in non-failing left ventricular human myocardium. beta-Adrenergic ...
Yetman A T - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Myocardial bridging may cause compression of a coronary artery, and it has been suggested that myocardial ischemia may result. The clinical significance and prognostic value of myocardial bridging of the left anterior descending coronary artery in children with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are unknown. We sought to determine the prevalence and ...
Schwarz E R - - 1998
Only a few cases of a single coronary ostium and retroaortic course of the coronary artery have been described. Almost all cases reported so far had additional coronary artery or valvar disease. However, myocardial ischaemia may be caused by the coronary malformation alone. A 40 year old woman with severe ...
Karahan S T - - 1998
In humans, the coronary arteries course not only subepicardially but also intramyocardially. The intramyocardial course of the coronary artery is reported to lead to acute ischemic heart disease and, as well, it may be symptomless. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term ischemic effects of bridged arteries ...
Yoshimura M - - 1998
Coronary spasm plays an important role in the pathogenesis of not only variant angina but also ischemic heart disease in general. However, the precise mechanism(s) by which coronary spasm occurs remains to be elucidated. Coronary spasm may arise from interactions between environmental and genetic factors. Endothelial-derived nitric oxide (NO) has ...
de Winter R J - - 1998
In patients with myocardial bridging, the area within the bridge usually remains free from atherosclerotic disease. The case of a 47 year old man is described who had the rare combination of myocardial bridging with an atherosclerotic plaque within the area of bridging, which was detected with intravascular ultrasound but ...
Peters R H - - 1998
AIMS: The aetiology of ventricular fibrillation in patients without identifiable structural heart disease is unknown. Recently, high prevalence of silent ischaemia due to coronary artery spasm has been reported in such patients. However, in at least one report, all patients had non-critical coronary artery lesions. Identification of coronary artery spasm ...
Paterson H S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery spasm in the immediate postoperative period after a coronary operation is recognized infrequently. Its severity is variable and manifestations unpredictable. The diagnosis is usually made by an awareness of the possibility and thereafter by exclusion of other causes of myocardial ischemia. An opportunity for a positive diagnosis ...
Burckhartt B A - - 1998
A 56-year-old woman with a history of angina pectoris developed substernal chest pressure and hypotension during coronary angiography. Her baseline coronary angiogram appeared normal. During this episode, injection of contrast medium into the left coronary artery demonstrated coronary artery slow flow in the left anterior descending artery and branches of ...
Ishii T - - 1998
The term myocardial bridge (MB) describes the surprisingly common situation in which part of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), running in epicardial adipose tissue, is covered by a bridge of myocardial tissue. The presence of an MB may influence arterial tissue through the alteration of haemodynamic forces by ...
Horimoto M - - 1998
An association between genetic factors and susceptibility to coronary spasm has not been proven. Because we encountered 7 patients with familial occurrence of vasospastic angina (VSA) in 3 families, the association of a genetic factor with coronary spasm was assumed. HLA typing as one of the genetic markers was performed ...
Chu P H - - 1998
Acute myocardial infarction is an important and sometimes fatal complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We describe a case of acute myocardial infarction in a 23-year-old woman with SLE. Angiography revealed coronary ectasia in the left main and proximal circumflex coronary arteries, as well as a stenotic lesion in the ...
Podbielski F J - - 1998
The clinical significance of coronary myocardial bridging has been debated and different interventional strategies proposed. We discuss the case of a patient who presented with the recent onset of symptoms of exertional chest pain, diaphoresis, and electrocardiographic signs of acute anterior myocardial wall ischemia. Cardiac catheterization demonstrated a segmental high-grade ...
Hu W L - - 1998
Neonatal myocardial infarction is a rare disorder. It occurs in association with congenital heart disease or coronary artery abnormalities. In the absence of structural heart disease, perinatal asphyxia and coronary artery thromboembolism have been reported as common etiologies. Whether the Coxsackie B viral group has a causal role in adult ...
Yoshitomi Y - - 1998
Simultaneous formation of the thrombi in two different coronary arteries is a very rare event. We present a 34-year-old man with acute myocardial infarction due to simultaneous occlusion of the two major coronary arteries. His only risk factor was smoking 40 cigarettes daily. Emergency arteriography revealed a total occlusion of ...
Wolf A - - 1998
The functional significance of coronary-cameral fistulae, and the effect of these arterial anomalies upon effective coronary blood flow, continue to be debated. Two cases of coronary cameral fistulae, each of which illustrates the likelihood of an ischemic substrate, are herein presented, along with a review of the relevant literature regarding ...
Williams M J - - 1998
Myocardial infarction occurring in young people with angiographically normal coronary arteries is well described but the pathophysiology of this condition remains unknown. Coronary artery spasm in association with thrombus formation and minimal atheromatous disease or spontaneous coronary artery dissection are possible causes. Two young men presented with severe chest pain ...
Lin L C - - 1998
The ultrasonic integrated backscatter of myocardium changes in infarction and ischemia. On the third day after acute myocardial infarction, 30 patients underwent ultrasonic tissue characterization from the parasternal short-axis view. With a composite parameter, the phase-weighted variation, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for diagnosing multivessel coronary artery disease were 84.6%, 52.9% ...
Nishiyama K - - 1998
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is a physiological regulator of the extrinsic coagulation cascade. Coronary spasm can alter endothelial cell properties in the coronary artery with resultant thrombosis. To determine whether coronary spasm affects plasma TFPI level, we measured the heparin-releasable endothelial cell-associated TFPI (heparin-releasable TFPI) (ng/ml) in the coronary ...
Chevalier P - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to look at the clinical features and long-term follow-up of seven patients without coronary artery disease, who had a history of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias due to coronary spasm. BACKGROUND: Arrhythmic cardiac arrest due to isolated coronary spasm is rare, and there is limited information on the ...
Koller P T - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A 35-year-old postpartum woman presented with myocardial infarction (MI) due to spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD). In addition to conventional medical therapy, she was treated with immunosuppressive agents (prednisone and cytoxan) because of five noncontiguous coronary dissections, surgical inoperability, and postinfarction angina. Repeat angiography 94 days later demonstrated angiographically ...
Agirbasli M - - 1998
We report here a case of a patient who underwent percutaneous intervention to the left anterior descending artery, complicated by thrombus formation within the myocardial bridge distal to the lesion. There was complete angiographic resolution of thrombus and restoration of the normal antegrade blood flow after infusion of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa ...
Galli M - - 1997
An 82-year-old female was admitted to the catheterization laboratory for investigation of acute antero-lateral myocardial infarction with evidence of severe left ventricular dysfunction. Angiographically, she was found to have normal coronary arteries, with the exception of the presence of myocardial bridging in the left anterior descending coronary artery. This was ...
Agirbasli M - - 1997
We report here a young male athlete who had an acute myocardial infarction after strenuous exercise. Coronary angiography clearly demonstrated thrombus formation within a prominent myocardial bridge. Periarterial resection surgery was performed, which resulted in resolution of the angiographic "milking" effect of muscle bridge. Our observation, along with previous reports, ...
Yasue H - - 1997
Coronary artery spasm (coronary spasm) is an abnormal contraction of an epicardial coronary artery resulting in myocardial ischemia and its incidence is relatively high in Japanese as compared with Caucasians. Coronary spasm occurs most often from midnight to early morning when the patient is at rest and it is usually ...
Manzar K J - - 1997
A 17-year-old girl with no risk factors for coronary artery disease had acute myocardial infarction. She received thrombolytic therapy with tissue-type plasminogen activator. An extensive workup for the cause of myocardial infarction revealed protein S deficiency. Angiography showed normal coronary arteries. We speculate that the cause of myocardial infarction was ...
Kranidis A J - - 1997
A case report of myocardial bridging of the left anterior descending artery is described. Coronary flow proximal to the myocardial bridge was studied with transesophageal echo Doppler. The patient, a 62-year-old farmer who sustained an anterior myocardial infarction, underwent thrombolysis and was admitted. He subsequently underwent coronary angiography and left ...
Bonnet D - - 1997
We report a 3-year-old child with Williams syndrome in whom the first vascular feature of the syndrome was a myocardial infarction related to the occlusion of the left main coronary artery trunk. This coronary artery occlusion was not associated with supravalvular aortic stenosis. This report emphazises that acute vascular events ...
Takahashi N - - 1997
The case of a 20-year-old man with acute myocardial infarction is described. He developed acute myocardial infarction on 11 July 1995. An emergency coronary arteriogram revealed total occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery. Reperfusion was achieved by intracoronary injection of 6.4 x 10(6) units of native tissue ...
Mori E - - 1997
We report two cases of vasospastic angina associated with anaphylactic reaction caused by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Both patients exhibited anaphylactic manifestations, such as general rash and urticaria, along with angina pectoris with electrocardiographic ST-segment elevations after suppository administration of diclofenac sodium or indomethacin, the most commonly used NSAIDs. Although ...
Cutler D - - 1997
Systolic compression of a coronary artery is considered to be a benign phenomenon, although numerous case reports have suggested an association between bridging and sudden death or ischemia in certain patients without other abnormalities on cardiovascular evaluation. We present the case of a young patient with two episodes of spontaneous ...
Tauth J - - 1997
A 38-year-old male presented with an acute anterior myocardial infarction. Immediate cardiac catheterization revealed no evidence of angiographically significant atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, but there was a subtotal occlusion of the mid-left anterior descending coronary artery from myocardial muscle bridging. The patient did well with medical management. This review details ...
Sakata K - - 1997
With the use of iodine 123-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) scintigraphy, this study evaluated regional sympathetic nerve activity in vasospastic angina. Twenty male patients with left anterior descending coronary artery spasm and 18 male patients with normal coronary arteries as a control group were studied. All patients underwent quantitative 123I-MIBG scintigraphy and ...
Hermsmeyer K - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We studied the hypothesis that in the absence of vascular pathology, coronary artery vasospasm occurs as a result of local regions of vascular muscle hyperreactivity. We aimed to explore the basis for a functional etiology of those vasospasms not explained on a structural basis. BACKGROUND: Ovariectomized rhesus monkeys (Macaca ...
Takamatsu T - - 1997
In general, anginal symptoms diminish with time in patients with vasospastic angina. We assessed changes in coronary vascular tone (CVT) in patients with vasospastic angina over a 4-year period to evaluate the time course of spastic activity. Vasospastic angina was evaluated in 39 patients in whom occlusive spasm was evoked ...
Kanazawa K - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Intrinsic vasoactive substances, such as serotonin and acetylcholine, are known to provoke coronary artery spasm in patients with vasospastic angina. It remains unclear, however, whether these different agents, which activate different receptors, produce spasms at the same sites in these patients. The present study was designed to ...
Pittaluga J - - 1997
Immediately following orthotopic transplantation, a patient suffered left pump failure, which resulted in death. Autopsy of the donor heart revealed a proximal left anterior descending artery bridge with a thrombus causing segmental distal anteroseptal infarction. In this case report, myocardial coronary bridges and their clinical implications are reviewed. Myocardial bridging ...
Chierchia S L - - 1996
Approximately 20% of patients undergoing diagnostic coronary arteriography for acute or chronic cardiac ischaemia have angiographically normal coronary arteries. The mechanism behind this phenomenon is likely to be the result of a combination of functional or anatomical abnormalities in the coronary microcirculation, a metabolic disorder which affects the handling of ...
Wasfy I - - 1996
Among 980 consecutive selective coronary angiograms performed, nine patients had myocardial bridges of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. The overall prevalence of myocardial bridges was 0.92%. Among these patients, three patients had coronary artery disease, while six cases were isolated myocardial muscle bridges. With respect to functional abnormality, ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >