Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 861
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Pittaluga J - - 1997
Immediately following orthotopic transplantation, a patient suffered left pump failure, which resulted in death. Autopsy of the donor heart revealed a proximal left anterior descending artery bridge with a thrombus causing segmental distal anteroseptal infarction. In this case report, myocardial coronary bridges and their clinical implications are reviewed. Myocardial bridging ...
Chierchia S L - - 1996
Approximately 20% of patients undergoing diagnostic coronary arteriography for acute or chronic cardiac ischaemia have angiographically normal coronary arteries. The mechanism behind this phenomenon is likely to be the result of a combination of functional or anatomical abnormalities in the coronary microcirculation, a metabolic disorder which affects the handling of ...
Wasfy I - - 1996
Among 980 consecutive selective coronary angiograms performed, nine patients had myocardial bridges of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. The overall prevalence of myocardial bridges was 0.92%. Among these patients, three patients had coronary artery disease, while six cases were isolated myocardial muscle bridges. With respect to functional abnormality, ...
Reiss D L - - 1996
A 49-year-old male presented with atypical chest pain. Complete cardiac evaluation was normal except for cardiac catheterization, which revealed a myocardial bridge across the LAD (left anterior descending coronary artery) that caused a 50% systolic stenosis. Abdominal ultrasound revealed cholelithiasis. The patient became asymptomatic and was discharged only to return ...
Fujito T - - 1996
We report a 30-year-old woman who developed an acute myocardial infarction at 24 weeks of gestation. She did not undergo any kind of acute intervention. On the 8th hospital day, premature delivery was performed safely following premature rupture of membrane. Coronary angiogram was normal and no spasm was induced by ...
Mongiardo R - - 1996
Intracoronary infusion of serotonin has been reported to induce varying degrees of coronary vasoconstriction in different coronary syndromes, but it has never been studied in patients after myocardial infarction. In patients with recent myocardial infarction, we found a low incidence (11%) of serotonin-induced occlusive spasm only in the infarct-related artery ...
Schwarz E R - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: We sought to define the effects of short-term beta-adrenergic blocking medication on intracoronary flow characteristics, clinical symptoms and angiographic diameter changes in patients with severe myocardial bridging of the left anterior descending coronary artery. BACKGROUND: Controversy exists regarding the pathophysiology, clinical relevance and optimal therapy in symptomatic patients with ...
Basso C - - 1996
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute myocardial ischaemia. Eight consecutive fatal cases which occurred in women aged 34-54 years (mean 43) are described. The dissection involved the left anterior descending coronary artery in four, the left main trunk in two, the right coronary artery in one, ...
Sprung J - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In order to reduce the surgical stress on the heart, anesthesiologists frequently use regional anesthesia in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: Two patients underwent reconstructive peripheral vascular surgery under continuous epidural anesthesia with bupivacaine. During the surgery and later in the recovery room, they received continuous ...
Song J K - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: In patients with chest pain suggestive of variant angina, we performed this prospective study to test the specificity and diagnostic validity of ergonovine echocardiography (detection of regional wall motion abnormality during bedside ergonovine challenge) as a screening procedure before coronary angiography. BACKGROUND: Spasm provocation test outside the catheterization room ...
Katznelson Y - - 1996
We report a case of a 37-year-old symptomatic male with anterior myocardial ischemia. Coronary angiography demonstrated systolic obstruction of the midportion of the left anterior descending coronary artery due to myocardial bridging. The patient was treated with a supra-arterial myotomy. Two years postoperatively, the patient is without evidence of myocardial ...
Schapiro L - - 1996
Although most myocardial infarctions are caused by either obstruction or spasm of the coronary arteries, severe anemia can lower oxygen carrying capacity and damage the myocardium. We report a case of leiomyoma-induced menorrhagia of such severity that myocardial infarction ensued. Hysterectomy was indicated to avoid further anemia. While delaying elective ...
Zampieri P - - 1996
Five cases of spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) are reported, three in women and two in men (mean age 44 years; range 28-65), all of whom suffered a myocardial infarction. Common risk factors for coronary artery disease were present in the two men; in the female group one patient was ...
Kültürsay H - - 1996
A 34-year-old man presenting with angina both at rest and on exertion was investigated. He developed severe ST segment elevation and a brief period of ventricular tachycardia during an exercise tolerance test. On coronary angiography, 60% fixed luminal narrowing was observed in the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery and ...
Onaka H - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: Using a new, computerized 24-h 12-lead electrocardiographic (ECG) recording and analysis system (the EAGLE system), we sought to evaluate the clinical manifestations of ischemic episodes in patients with variant angina and normal coronary arteries. BACKGROUND: Although the prognosis of variant angina without significant organic stenosis is generally good, the ...
Masani N D - - 1995
A 48 year old woman presented with angina after an anterior myocardial infarction and was found to be hyperthyroid. Coronary angiography showed a stenosis of the left coronary os and a long, severe stenosis of the left anterior descending artery which was partially relieved by glyceryl trinitrate. Three months later, ...
Ozaki Y - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Whether focal vasospasticity plays a pathogenic role in the progression or regression of coronary atherosclerosis is unknown. To determine whether evidence for such a role exists, we studied long-term changes in coronary luminal measurements in patients with vasospastic angina. METHODS AND RESULTS: Quantitative coronary angiography and repeated ergonovine provocation ...
Kaikita K - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The glycoprotein P-selectin is an adhesion molecule involved in the property change of leukocytes at the initiation of the inflammatory process. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether acute myocardial ischemia induced by coronary spasm causes an acute inflammatory response in the coronary circulation. METHODS AND ...
Imamura M - - 1995
A case of myocardial infarction associated with coronary artery dissection in a thirty-five-year-old woman is reported. An emergent coronary angiogram revealed extensive dissection and thrombosis in the right coronary artery; in addition, severe vasospasm was observed in the left coronary artery on the next day. She was successfully treated with ...
Koyama J - - 1995
Coronary vasospasm is manifested by either focal or diffuse pattern in clinical settings. To examine the differences in vessel wall morphologic appearance between the sites of focal and diffuse vasospasm, we studied 29 patients with chest pain at rest, during exertion, or both by intravascular ultrasound. By angiography, focal vasospasm ...
Mizuyama K - - 1995
Coronary artery spasm is not rare in patients with coronary artery disease, but the influence of regional anesthesia on spasm-induced myocardial ischemia is not known. We investigated the effects of spinal anesthesia on myocardial ischemia during coronary artery spasm in rats, and compared these with the effects of an alpha- ...
Joseph A - - 1995
While radiation therapy has been known to cause myocardial and pericardial damage, its role in accentuating coronary artery disease in the absence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors has been controversial. As younger patients with treatable cancers are being treated with mediastinal radiation, coronary artery disease as a cause for severe ...
Mansur L I - - 1995
CASE SUMMARY: A 36-year-old woman presented with an acute myocardial infarction 2 weeks after the birth of her first child. The patient had smoked two packs of cigarettes a day for 12 years and had been taking bromocriptine to suppress lactation. While in the emergency room, the patient went into ...
Rosencrance G - - 1995
The significance of coronary artery muscle bridging (MB) has been debated since its first angiographic description by Portsmann and colleagues in 1960 (1). The course is usually benign; however, angina, myocardial infarction, sudden death, arrhythmias, and complete heart block have been reported. In this article, we present a case of ...
Stables R H - - 1995
A man of 64 was admitted for the investigation of post infarction angina. He was found to have angiographically normal coronary arteries, except for the presence of a muscle bridge in the left anterior descending coronary artery, believed to be subtending the ischaemic area. He had sustained a completed myocardial ...
Mouratidis B - - 1995
Myocardial bridging is an uncommon condition where a major coronary artery is bridged by a band of muscle and narrows during systole, particularly during rapid heart rates. We present a patient with typical angina and angiographically proven 60% systolic bridging of the left anterior descending artery distal to the first ...
Mizuno Y - - 1995
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is widely used in the treatment of various solid tumors. However, 5-FU cardiotoxicity is being reported with increasing frequency. The main symptom of cardiotoxicity is chest pain at rest with ischemic electrocardiographic changes. Up until now, the underlying mechanism has been suspected to be coronary artery spasm. However, ...
Juilliére Y - - 1995
Among 7467 consecutive coronary angiograms performed during an 8-year period, 61 patients had a myocardial bridge of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The overall prevalence of myocardial bridges was 0.82% (from 0.41% to 1.16% per year). Among these patients, 26 had coronary artery disease, 4 had valvular heart disease, ...
Kalsner S - - 1995
Myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death may be initiated by a sudden intense localized contraction of coronary artery smooth muscle. When this event occurs around a vulnerable eccentric lipid-filled plaque, rupture and extrusion of plaque contents and exposure of collagen occur. This may sometimes be a silent and self-limiting event; ...
Marin-Neto J A - - 1995
Pathogenesis of chronic Chagas' heart disease may include various disturbances in the coronary circulation, that could be responsible for the myocardial lesions seen in human hearts and in experimental models of the disease. In this paper we critically reviewed the anatomical and functional abnormalities described in chronic chagasic patients, pertaining ...
Kafka H - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and clinical significance of aorto-coronary vein graft spasm during angiography. DESIGN: Retrospective review of angiograms and subsequent correlation with clinical outcome. PATIENTS: A total of 1264 patients having bypass surgery between 1971 and 1986. MAIN RESULTS: Twenty-four men, aged 31 to 54 years, demonstrated spasm ...
Endoh Y - - 1995
A 67-year-old male was admitted with acute myocardial infarction. Coronary thrombolysis was carried out because complete occlusion of the obtuse marginal branch (OM) in the circumflex artery was detected in emergent coronary angiography, and recanalization of the OM was obtained at 3 hours after the onset of chest pain. No ...
Igarashi Y - - 1995
The relation between isolated negative U waves and the severity of induced coronary artery spasm was investigated in 24 patients with variant angina to determine the grade of myocardial ischemia during the appearance of isolated negative U waves. Coronary artery spasm was induced by injections of either incremental doses of ...
Bac D J - - 1995
This report describes a 35-year-old 40 week pregnant woman who was hospitalized with a diagnosis of acute anteroseptal myocardial infarction. She sustained another, infero-posterior, infarction 4 days later. Coronary arteriography performed after successful Cesearean section displayed primary dissections of the right as well as both left coronary arteries. Her subsequent ...
Agostini D - - 1995
Stunned myocardium is often observed after unstable angina, myocardial infarction, thrombolysis, angioplasty, and bypass surgery but rarely after coronary vasospasm. A case of stunned myocardium caused by diffuse coronary artery vasospasm and mimicking myocardial infarction is reported. The patient had an emergency coronary angiography, which showed no pathological coronary disease, ...
Ellis C J - - 1994
We report on a young housewife who developed a spontaneous coronary artery dissection following unusually severe exercise. She survived an extensive anterior myocardial infarction with the help of an emergency coronary artery vein graft. This rare diagnosis must be considered when a young woman presents with an acute myocardial infarction.
Takatsu F - - 1994
In order to clarify the fate of coronary narrowing with spasm, repeat angiograms of coronary narrowing with and without spasm were compared. The mean interval between the first and second angiograms was 3.6 years (range, 1.1-8.5 years). Improvement of narrowing was more frequent in the vasospastic group (23%) than in ...
Nakamura Y - - 1994
The hypothesis that a coronary vasomotion disorder may exist in the entire coronary artery tree in patients with vasospastic angina was investigated by examining the coronary responses to atrial pacing (130 beats/min) before and after the administration of ergonovine (16 micrograms) into nonspastic coronary arteries. Seven patients with angiographically normal ...
Zainea M - - 1994
Coronary spasm may occur with angiographically normal and diseased coronary arteries. General anesthesia has been described only rarely as a triggering event for coronary artery spasm, and only once before in the presence of angiographically normal coronary arteries. We have now seen three patients presenting with acute ST-segment elevation following ...
Song J K - - 1994
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical validity of the bedside ergonovine test with digital echocardiography and the side-by-side continuous cineloop display method (ergonovine echocardiography) as a noninvasive diagnostic tool for coronary artery spasm. Bedside ergonovine test was performed in 66 patients who showed coronary vasospasm during ...
Igarashi Y - - 1994
The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of multivessel coronary spasm and compare the clinical characteristics between patients with and without multivessel coronary spasm. In variant angina, it is controversial whether coronary hyperreactivity to vasoconstrictor stimuli is localized to a segmental lesion in only one coronary artery. ...
Shurmur S W - - 1994
A 60-year-old man underwent directional coronary atherectomy (DCA) of the mid portion of a large, anatomically dominant left circumflex coronary artery, resulting in propagating transverse dissection and subsequent complete distal occlusion. Intravascular ultrasound imaging (IVUS) of the dissected segment demonstrated the entry point of the dissection, and systolic compression of ...
Nagai H - - 1994
Two cases are presented in which angina pectoris associated with ST segment elevation occurred during either an ergonovine provocation test or coronary angioplasty, despite the absence of epicardial coronary artery obstruction. In both cases, no epicardial coronary spasm, thromboembolic occlusion, coronary air embolus, vessel dissection, or side-branch occlusion was observed. ...
Suzuki H - - 1994
The incidence of coronary ectasia (CE) and the relationship between CE and coronary spasm that was said not to be apt to occur in patients with CE were studied. The study consisted of 1,373 patients (including 1,008 patients with ischemic heart disease) who underwent cardiac catheterization. In 74 patients with ...
Maekawa K - - 1994
A 33-year-old pregnant woman suffered from acute anteroseptal myocardial infarction at the 19th gestational week. Despite periodic attacks of myocardial ischaemia after admission, the coronary arteriograms under the use of nitroglycerin were normal. Thereafter, she remained free from the ischaemic events with diltiazem hydrochloride and delivered a healthy baby. The ...
Mather P J - - 1994
A 29-year-old woman had an acute myocardial infarction 5 days after giving birth. Serial coronary angiography showed multiple progressive coronary artery dissections, which eventually involved both the right and left coronary trees. Persistent cardiogenic shock necessitated emergent orthotopic heart transplantation. Examination of the cardiectomy specimen confirmed the presence of multiple ...
Pasalodos Pita J - - 1994
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rarely identified entity whose exact incidence, etiology, pathogenesis, medium-term evolution, and optimal treatment have not yet been firmly established. This article describes five new cases with additional specific characteristics. Five of 2,241 coronary arteriograms taken between September 1989 and November 1992 showed angiographic signs ...
Jorgensen M B - - 1994
Spontaneous coronary dissection is a rare entity. It has been reported to be usually fatal, with greater than an 80% mortality rate. From April 1990 through March 1993, 10 patients had spontaneous coronary dissection. This is a significant increase in the incidence of this diagnosis, with only one prior case ...
Dean J W - - 1994
Myocardial bridging causing systolic compression of epicardial coronary arteries may be an incidental finding at coronary arteriography. Bridging rarely causes myocardial ischaemia. A young man presented with chest pain and striking abnormalities of ventricular repolarisation that initially were treated as myocardial infarction. At cardiac catheterisation the coronary arteries were normal ...
Ge J - - 1994
BACKGROUND: In autopsy, myocardial bridging is a common finding. With coronary angiography, a systolic compression, mainly of the left anterior descending coronary artery, is observed in 1% to 3% of the patients. Controversy exists concerning the functional importance of this finding. To obtain a functional insight into the myocardial bridging, ...
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