Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1213
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Roy Vincent - - 2007
With the commercial availability of well-defined ruthenium metathesis catalysts which combine high stability and broad functional group compatibility, olefin metathesis is now routinely integrated in various syntheses. We will report here the overwhelming power and scope of cross-metathesis in the area of new acyclic nucleoside phosphonates. Scope and limitations of ...
Lugo-Adams Félix - - 2007
Malpositioning of a permanent pacemaker lead in the left ventricle is rare. Usually, a paced right bundle branch pattern is the initial finding that fosters other confirmatory studies such as chest films and transthoracic echocardiogram. We describe the unusual case of an asymptomatic 83-year-old male patient who was incidentally found ...
Schumann Jörg - - 2007
The case of an 80-year-old woman who underwent permanent VDD-pacemaker implantation for recurrent syncope in the presence of second-degree type 2 AV-block is reported. During follow-up, low atrial sensing with AV-synchrony of only 58-73% was noted. Four years after the pacemaker implantation, the patient was hospitalized for non-cardiac reasons and ...
Solc David - - 2007
The phylogeny of the heart and its conducting system is surveyed in the present study, as well as its parallels with ontogeny. A concise review of its evolution in the main taxonomic groups is presented. The aim is to inform physicians on evolutionary connections to the physiology of the human ...
Baker Daniel G - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the upper body strength, speed, power, and strength-endurance of rugby-league players of different ranks. These data could provide information pertinent to the importance of these factors for different grades of rugby league and for positional groups in those different grades. METHODS: Sixty rugby-league players, 20 participants each ...
Müller Stefan - - 2006
Commercially available cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverters/defibrillators (ICDs) predominantly use an intracardiac-derived electrocardiogram (ECG) for the detection of arrhythmias. To achieve automatic control of the heart frequency in accordance with cardiovascular strain and improved detection of life-threatening arrhythmias, it is desirable to monitor the heart by an input signal correlated ...
Weiss Stacey L - - 2007
The regulation of hatching in oviparous animals is important for successful reproduction and survival, but is poorly understood. We unexpectedly found that RU-486, a progesterone and glucocorticoid antagonist, interferes with hatching of viable tree lizard (Urosaurus ornatus) embryos in a dose-dependent manner and hypothesized that embryonic glucocorticoids regulate hatching. To ...
Krishnan Mangalath N - - 2006
We report a case of recurrent postcardiac injury syndrome (PCIS) after pacemaker lead insertion. Each episode was attended by hemorrhagic pleuro-pericardial effusion with drop in hemoglobin levels leading us to consider cardiac perforation and subject the patient to surgical pericardiotomy. However, no perforation or active bleeding was detected on exploration. ...
Wilson Andrew M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 28-year-old man presented at hospital with persistent pain in his chest and left arm, a paced rhythm on electrocardiography and elevated levels of cardiac enzymes. He was known to have patent foramen ovale and a dual-chamber pacemaker, which had been implanted following electrophysiological ablation to treat supraventricular tachycardia ...
Wysocki J - - 2006
An anatomical study was undertaken in order to investigate whether the sizes of selected human skull foramina with significant venous compartments correlated significantly with skull capacity. A total of 100 macerated human skulls were examined to determine the diameter of the foramina and the skull capacity. Measurements of the surface ...
Young Nathan M - - 2006
Primates have shoulders adapted to a wide range of locomotor functions from terrestrial pronograde quadrupedalism to highly arboreal suspensory behaviours. The shape of the scapula tightly follows these functional differences. Previous analyses of primate postcrania, including the scapula, indicate that quadrupedal monkeys are less variable than non-quadrupeds. It was previously ...
McDonald J M - - 2007
Divergent selection in mice was renewed in 3 independent replicates for high (MH) and low (ML) heat loss. An unselected control (MC) was maintained in all replicates. Heat loss was measured for individual male mice for 15 h, overnight in direct calorimeters. After 16 initial generations of selection followed by ...
Benito Begoña - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 55-year-old man presented at hospital with recurrent syncope. He did not have any prodromic symptoms and did not report having palpitations, dizziness or chest pain before, during or after the syncopal episodes. He had no family history of either syncope or sudden cardiac death. The patient was initially ...
Iskandar Said B - - 2006
Pacemaker implantation can be associated with several complications, including myocardial perforation with or without pericardial effusion, venous thrombosis, vegetations of the tricuspid valve (TV) or pacing lead, and tricuspid regurgitation (TR). The TR is thought to be derived from deformity or perforation of the TV by the pacing lead or ...
Koppe Thomas - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Patients with clefts of lip, alveolus and palate show a high incidence of maxillary sinusitis. In order to evaluate sinus size as a factor in sinusitis, this study investigates maxillary sinus morphology in an adult skull with an untreated bilateral cleft. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The maxillary sinus volume (MSV) ...
Sawlani Vijay - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Vertebrobasilar territory infarction is one of the rarer presentations of CVJ anomalies. A new radiologic sign due to stretching of the short third segment of VA detected on MRA/DSA may identify patients of AAD at risk of developing VBI. METHODS: Seven patients who presented with VBI were found to ...
Sanchez-Migallon Guzman David - - 2006
A 7.5-year-old castrated male ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was diagnosed with third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block. A monopolar epicardial pacemaker system was implanted, resulting in a regular, paced cardiac rhythm with third-degree AV block at 140 beats per minute. Over the next 2 months, the ferret developed anorexia, interstitial pneumonia, intermittent ...
Ozben Beste - - 2006
Cardiac pacemakers and implantable defibrillators are commonly used therapeutic modalities in cardiac arrhythmias. Thalamic deep brain stimulation has also become an important modality in the treatment of drug-refractory tremors and other complications in advanced Parkinson's disease. Concerns exist about the potential electrical interaction and interference between these 2 devices in ...
Tse Hung-Fat - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The normal cardiac rhythm originates in the sinoatrial (SA) node that anatomically resides in the right atrium. Malfunction of the SA node leads to various forms of arrhythmias that necessitate the implantation of electronic pacemakers. We hypothesized that overexpression of an engineered HCN construct via somatic gene transfer offers ...
Ciaramitaro Gianfranco - - 2006
AIM: High heart rates in chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF) is one of the factors responsible for hemodynamic alterations and may lead to tachycardiomyopathies. The ventricular rate regulation (VRR) study evaluates the effect of ventricular rate regularization in CAF patients with preserved ventricular function, marked ventricular rate variability, and indications for ...
Hamada Manabu - - 2006
Implantation of a permanent cardiac pacemaker is becoming common with the increase in the elderly population. A cutaneous ulcer over the pacemaker is a rare complication. Most such cases previously reported demonstrate non-specific granuloma histologically, negative patch testing of materials used in the device, and no growth in the bacterial ...
Toyoizumi Ryuji - - 2006
Signaling by members of TGF-beta superfamily requires the activity of a family of site-specific endopeptidases, known as Subtilisin-like proprotein convertases (SPCs), which cleave these ligands into mature, active forms. To explore the role of SPCs in lateral plate mesoderm (LPM) differentiation in Xenopus, two SPC inhibitors, decanoyl-Arg-Val-Lys-Arg-chloromethylketone (Dec-RVKR-CMK) and hexa-arginine, ...
Silvetti Massimo S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In some children with ventricular rate responsive demand (VVIR) pacemakers (PM), transvenous leads fail for technical reasons or patient's growth. AIM: The aim of this study is to describe our experience in adolescents with a nonfunctional ventricular lead in whom the lead was abandoned and an additional VDD lead ...
Mantovani Vittorio - - 2006
Metabolic surveillance of the myocardium is of great interest in cardiac surgery. Microdialysis allows sampling of chemical substances from the interstitial fluid for immediate analysis. The two objectives of this study were to develop a technique for simple and safe implantation of a commercially available microdialysis probe (CMA-70) into the ...
Chen Ruo-han - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The automatic, threshold tracking, pacing algorithm developed by St. Jude Medical, verifies ventricular capture beat by beat by recognizing the evoked response following each pacemaker stimulus. This function was assumed to be not only energy saving but safe. This study estimated the extension in longevity obtained by AutoCapture (AC) ...
Caro Jaime - - 2006
AIMS: To estimate the consequences of managing bradycardia due to sinoatrial node disease or atrioventricular block with dual-chamber vs. single-chamber ventricular pacemakers. METHODS AND RESULTS: A discrete-event simulation was conducted to predict outcomes over 5 years. Patients could develop post-operative complications, clinically relevant pacemaker syndrome leading to replacement of single-chamber ...
Kusumoto Fred M - - 2006
Implantable cardiac devices have become firmly entrenched as important therapeutic tools for a variety of cardiac conditions. The first part of this two-part review will discuss the contemporary use and follow-up of pacemakers, while the second part will address the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators and implantable loop recorders. Pacemakers ...
Donataccio M - - 2006
Little is known about incidence and risk factors for incisional hernia after liver transplantation (OLT). More frequently this problem occurs at the junction of midline and transverse incisions. We prospectively and consecutively used three different types of abdominal incisions in 47 OLTs. The results were compared in order to identify ...
Lau Wendy - - 2006
Programmed upper rate pacing occurred in a patient with a rate-adaptive pacemaker when he was connected to a cardiac monitor in an emergency department. The tachycardia was mistakenly interpreted to be ventricular tachycardia and the patient received multiple DC shocks as well as intravenous amiodarone and sotalol, resulting in severe ...
Houtman S - - 2006
A patient with a ventricle-paced, ventricle-sensed and inhibited, respiratory rate-responsive pacemaker presented for orthopaedic surgery. She had been operated upon recently without any adverse effects. In the recovery unit her electrocardiograph showed a paced ventricular tachycardia of about 140 beats x min(-1) without any other adverse sign or symptom. Although ...
Cerbai Elisabetta - - 2006
Pacemaker channels play a major role in the generation of sinoatrial rhythmic activity. However, their expression is not confined to specialized myocardial cells, such as primary and subsidiary pacemakers. Electrophysiological and molecular data collected over the last ten years have demonstrated that f-channels are also present in non-pacemaker cardiomyocytes, and ...
Occhetta Eraldo - - 2006
This report describes the case of an 86-year-old male with syncopal paroxysmal 2:1 atrioventricular block and a single chamber VVI pacemaker programmed to bipolar sensing and unipolar pacing. After recurrence of syncope, a complete loss of ventricular capture with regular ventricular sensing was observed on ECG; fluoroscopic examination suggested perforation ...
Antretter H - - 2006
After heterotopic heart transplantation, a 59-year-old woman presented with remarkable symptoms of breathlessness and fatigue, despite excellent donor heart function. Asynchrony of donor and native heart provoked haemodynamic instability. Dual atrial pacemaker implantation lead to linkage and synchronization of atrial and ventricular contraction in both the donor and native heart ...
Cohen Mitchell I - - 2006
This report describes a 20-year-old man with complex congenital heart disease and inappropriate epicardial implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) shocks secondary to double counting of ventricular-paced spikes and QRS complexes from a separate bipolar epicardial dual-chamber pacemaker. Adjusting to a unipolar paced-ventricular mode resolved any double counting via pacemaker-ICD interaction.
Fleischmann Kirsten E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Dual-chamber pacemakers restore AV synchrony compared with ventricular pacemakers, but the effects on health-related quality of life (QOL) are uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of pacemaker implantation, clinical factors, and pacing mode on QOL. METHODS: The Mode Selection Trial (MOST) randomized 2,010 ...
Korybalska Katarzyna - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The glucose degradation products (GDP) presentin conventional peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDF) may exert adverse effects toward human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMC). Some GDP can be detoxified by the glyoxalase/ glutathione pathway. It has been shown that the addition of glyoxalase I (GLO-I) and reduced glutathione (GSH) to PDF effectively ...
Kaszala Karoly - - 2006
Sinus node disease and atrioventricular block are common etiologies of symptomatic bradyarrhythmias in the elderly and remain the leading indications for permanent pacemaker implantation. In fact, the vast majority (>80%) of all pacemakers are implanted in the elderly. Whereas indications of pacemaker therapy have been largely unchanged over the past ...
Makaryus Amgad N - - 2006
This report describes the case of an 80-year-old man with a history of coronary artery disease who presented with acute pericarditis secondary to pacemaker lead perforation of the ventricular wall 2 days after undergoing dual lead pacemaker implantation. The electrocardiogram revealed sinus rhythm with an intra-atrial conduction delay and intermittent ...
Gross Gil J - - 2006
After half a century of major progress in congenital heart disease management, atrioventricular conduction block continues to complicate 1-3% of surgical procedures. Unless treated with an implanted pacemaker, permanent postoperative heart block is associated with 28-100% mortality. Postoperative heart block often proves to be transient, typically resolving within 10 days ...
Kang Tae Soo - - 2006
Antiarrhythmic agents may increase capture threshold, but this is rarely of clinical significance. Flecainide acetate, a class IC agent, is reported to have a significant effect on the myocardial capture threshold. In this presentation, we report the case of a 72-year-old male, with a previously implanted VVI pacemaker due to ...
Manikoth Prakash - - 2006
A permanent bipolar cardiac pacemaker was inserted in the abdomen of a child with Down's syndrome, due to complete heart block following repair of atrioventricular septal defect. This report describes an unusual and unreported complication of the pacemaker getting extruded through the rectum without dysfunction. Implications for early diagnosis and ...
Yilmaz Ozcan - - 2006
Honey intoxication, a kind of food poisoning, can be seen in the Black Sea region of Turkey and in various other parts of the world as well. In this study, 66 patients were hospitalized with a variety of symptoms including nausea, vomiting, salivation, dizziness, weakness, hypotension, bradycardia and syncope several ...
Britton Jeffrey W - - 2006
Although pathophysiologically distinct, syncope and seizures share clinical characteristics which may make diagnosis difficult. Adding to diagnostic complexity are the facts that seizures and syncope may coexist in the same patient, syncope may be associated with seizure-like motor manifestations, and seizures may be complicated by cardiac arrhythmia and syncope. Combined ...
Chan Theodore C - - 2006
The number of patients who have cardiac pacemakers has increased markedly over the past few decades since the technology was first introduced in the 1950s. Advances in technology, expanding indications, and the aging of the population ensure that clinicians will encounter patients with cardiac pacemakers on a regular basis. This ...
Krawchuk M A - - 2006
Lightning fire is the dominant natural disturbance of the western mixedwood boreal forest of North America. We quantified the independent effects of weather and forest composition on lightning fire initiation (a detected and recorded fire start) patterns in Alberta, Canada, to demonstrate how these biotic and abiotic components contribute to ...
Nicoli Sara - - 2006
The aim of this paper was to try to single out new administration strategies for aminoglycoside antibiotics. The objectives of the work were to reduce the systemic absorption in the case of topical application and to achieve plasma levels within the therapeutic window in case of systemic administration. Amikacin (AK) ...
Rowley Donald W - - 2006
Ambulatory cardiology began in 1959 in a department of pathology to answer a question raised at the autopsy table: are high heart rates in apparently healthy individuals a risk factor for developing coronary artery disease? This question led to the development of a miniature monitor and a new kind of ...
Elahi Maqsood M - - 2006
The ability to preoperatively identify patients who may require permanent pacemaker implantation is rather poorly understood. The aim of this study is to determine the current incidence of permanent pacing after valve surgery and to determine which factors place the heart valve patient at risk of requiring permanent pacemaker implantation. ...
Sanli Arif - - 2006
Globe perforation was detected in an 18-year-old male patient having total vision loss in the left eye following a car accident. The middle meatus could not be evaluated by sinonasal endoscopy because of edema. Computed tomography showed a foreign body in the left posterior ethmoid sinus, with a trajectory coursing ...
Gould Paul A - - 2006
Biventricular pacing has been an exciting recent advance in the management of drug-refractory heart failure. This new therapy has evolved as much from necessity as scientific observation, since benefits derived from pharmacotherapy currently appear to have reached their peak. Clinical trials of biventricular pacing are establishing morbidity and mortality benefits ...
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