Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 995
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Jeffery Charlotte H - - 2003
Taxonomic revision and cladistic analysis of a morphological dataset for Australian Tertiary temnopleurids resolve the phylogeny of the group and allow the testing of a series of hypotheses about the evolution of larval development and consequences of changes in development. Australian Tertiary temnopleurids encompass all three major developmental types found ...
Jiménez Gloria P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The treatment of striae distensae has recently been reported with various lasers such as the 585-nm pulsed dye laser. At lower fluences (2.0 to 4.0 J/cm2), this laser has been purported to increase the amount of collagen in the extracellular matrix. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the 585-nm pulsed dye ...
Hwang Tae-Sun - - 2003
To investigate morphological characteristics of Korean noses, nasal bases and nostrils were measured and classified in Korean adults. The height and the width of the nasal base, the height and the width of the columella, the length of the long and short nostril axes, and nasal alar angle were measured. ...
Oza Parind M - - 2003
This report describes the case of a 73-year-old man who was referred for consultation for increasing abdominal free air 1 week after he underwent surgery for aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting with intraoperative pacemaker implantation. Laparoscopic exploration revealed that the pacemaker wires had passed through the left ...
Sarac-Hadzihalilović Aida - - 2003
Lobus limbicus is anatomical basis for explaining the temporal epilepsy because it not only includes the focus of infection of temporal lobe but also the frontal lobe, and with it we can explain many of the phenomenon's of the epilepsy (hallucinations, the change of the effects, and so on.). The ...
Zhong He - - 2003
Caged fiddler crabs, Uca pugilator, were exposed to field ULV applications to measure the impact of fenthion. Two nozzle systems, conventional flat-fan nozzles (Tee Jet 8002SS) and high-pressure hydraulic nozzles (1/8 MIS), were compared using single spray swaths. Fenthion residues were detected throughout the 4.83-km test zone for both systems. ...
Pamuk Omer Nuri - - 2003
A 35-year-old male diagnosed with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) in 1989 recently came to our hospital with the complaint of left lumbar pain. He was found to have left nephrolithiasis and left diaphragmatic elevation. Fluoroscopic study and electromyographic examination revealed findings compatible with unilateral phrenic paralysis. We could not detect any ...
Derrick J L - - 2003
Prompted by an actual case of potentially life-threatening infusion pump malfunction, we investigated the effects of wire breakage(s) within the syringe size sensor circuit in a Graseby 3400 infusion pump. The circuit wires within the sensor were systematically broken. The syringe sizes recognised by the sabotaged circuit and the actual ...
Valettas Nicholas - - 2003
Alcohol septal ablation is a novel catheter-based technique for the treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Complete heart block complicates the procedure in 7%-30% of cases and necessitates the prophylactic insertion of a temporary pacing wire in all patients who do not have a permanent pacemaker. We describe a case of ...
Yang Yunsik - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of a retina specialist's grading of 30 degrees color stereoscopic fundus photographs to identify areas of significant retinal thickening as assessed by the Retinal Thickness Analyzer (RTA) and to determine whether this ability was affected by the presence of retinal pathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two ...
Gumerman George J - - 2003
Long House Valley, located in the Black Mesa area of northeastern Arizona (USA), was inhabited by the Kayenta Anasazi from circa 1800 B.C. to circa A.D. 1300. These people were prehistoric precursors of the modern Pueblo cultures of the Colorado Plateau. A rich paleoenvironmental record, based on alluvial geomorphology, palynology, ...
Pokrovskii Vladimir M VM Kuban State Medical Academy, Department of Normal Physiology, Krasnodar, - - 2003
This article advances an hypothesis that there is duplication of the heart rhythmogenesis system. The following article reviews available data and advances an hypothesis to suggest new ideas about the mechanisms of cardiac rhythm generation. The hypothesis is that along with the existence of an intracardiac pacemaker, the generator of ...
Scholz Nathaniel L - - 2002
The cardiac ganglion is a simple central pattern-generating network that controls the rhythmic contractions of the crustacean heart. Enzyme assays and Western blots show that whole heart homogenates from the crab Cancer productus contain high levels of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of arginine to ...
Wiegand Uwe K H - - 2002
The impact of continuous telemetry of atrial electrogram and marker annotations on Holter ECG interpretation was assessed in 98 patients with bipolar dual chamber pacemakers (VDD pacemakers n = 29, DDD(R) systems n = 69). Atrial electrogram and marker annotations were continuously sampled by a telemetry coil that was externally ...
Liang Hsin-Yueh - - 2002
Interference between myopotentials and pacemakers is well recognized, especially in a unipolar pacing system. This case report describes myopotential interference with an atrial synchronous ventricular inhibited (VDD) unipolar pacemaker in a 54-year-old woman. The interference caused both repetitive ventricular upper rate pacing and sometimes ventricular channel inhibition, resulting in palpitation ...
Bourke Michael E - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pacemaker and implantable cardiovertor defibrillator utilization is evolving rapidly. Expanding indications are reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Current pacemakers are smaller, more dependable, longer lasting and have rate-adaptive features. Implantable cardiovertor defibrillators use transvenous leads and have advanced pacing abilities. Primary pacing indications remain sinus node dysfunction or atrioventricular ...
Sweeney Michael O - - 2002
The aim of this study was to describe the indications for upgrade of pacemakers (PMs) or single chamber (VVIR) ICDs to dual chamber (DDDR) ICDs, surgical approach, hardware hybridization, and clinical outcome. Patients with preexisting PMs or VVIR ICDs may develop indications for ICD therapy or dual chamber pacing, respectively, ...
Opherk Christian - - 2002
PURPOSE: Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a major cause of mortality in patients with epilepsy. Since cardiac arrhythmia may be a responsible factor, we sought to determine the prevalence of significant EKG abnormalities during and immediately after epileptic seizures, and to identify risk factors for these changes. METHODS: ...
Maisel William H - - 2002
Pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) generator recalls and safety alerts (advisories) occur frequently, affect many patients, and are increasing in number and rate. It is unknown if advances in device technology have been accompanied by changing patterns of device advisory type. Weekly FDA Enforcement Reports from January 1991 to ...
Trouillier H - - 2002
In a retrospective study the results of operatively treated ankle joints were critically discussed. In a period from January 1, 1977 to December 31, 1994, a total of 35 arthrodeses were carried out. Seventeen patients were followed up clinically, radiologically and with a gait analysis. Not only the radiological surgical ...
Chan Albert W - - 2002
Superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction is an uncommon but serious complication associated with permanent pacemaker implantation. The mechanical stress associated with pacemaker wires may lead to vessel wall inflammation, fibrosis, and thrombus formation, and ultimately to venous stenosis and occlusion. The surgical treatment of pacemaker related SVC syndrome requires thoracotomy ...
Harton Francois M - - 2002
A study on the effect of sectioning the plantar fascia on the range of motion at the first metatarsophalangeal joint is presented. Dorsiflexion and plantarflexion range-of-motion data from 18 patients who had no first metatarsophalangeal joint pathology and had undergone an in-step plantar fasciotomy for recalcitrant plantar fasciitis were analyzed. ...
Kim Hee-Yeol - - 2002
Pacemaker lead infection is a rare but a dangerous complication. Diagnosis can usually be established by the clinical picture and blood cultures. Transesophageal two dimensional echocardiography might be crucial in the diagnosis by visualizing pacing lead vegetations. Medical treatment alone is rarely successful, and several studies have suggested the infected ...
Barold S Serge - - 2002
This report describes the response of a Vitatron Diamond II DDDR pacemaker to atrial flutter in a patient who developed alternating duration of the ventricular paced cycles during automatic mode switching to the DDIR mode. This device activates mode switching on a beat-to-beat basis and exhibits "ventricular hysteresis" in the ...
Aksoy M - - 2002
Oestrus and calving records of Anatolian buffaloes were analyzed to investigate influence of climatic conditions on oestrus occurrence and postpartum period. Oestrus records showed a seasonal pattern concentrated between July and September which is the warmest period of the year. Likewise, more than half (52.7%) of the total calvings occurred ...
Montesani Chiara - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate functional results after Billroth I, Billroth II and Roux-en-Y reconstruction in subtotal gastrectomy. METHODOLOGY: Forty-five patients were randomized between 1990 and 1995 and stratified in 3 different groups: 15 BI, 15 BII and 15 Roux. They were investigated by esophagogastroduodenoscopy with ...
Mirilas Petros - - 2002
Peritoneal attachments of the liver to the diaphragm include the falciform ligament, the left triangular ligament, and the coronary ligament with the right triangular ligament. It is often surgically convenient when the gastroesophageal junction is explored to refer to a "right" and a "left" coronary ligament, but this is anatomically ...
Teo N - - 2002
AIMS: Pacemaker wires can result in stenosis of the superior vena cava and other central veins. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of treating stenoses of the superior vena cava (SVC) and central veins with balloon venoplasty and metallic stent insertion in the presence ...
Mond Harry G - - 2002
A man with complete heart block received a Pacesetter Affinity pacemaker, programmed DDD. Two months later, the patient was beaten to death and the coroner requested telemetric information. Pacemaker stored Event Records for the previous 40 hours were retrieved and using the zoom scale, the events leading to death were ...
Altun Armagan - - 2002
This report describes a patient with a 6-year-old pacemaker lead in the left ventricle. Both transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography unequivocally showed that the lead enters the left ventricle via the foramen ovale and the mitral valve. The patient did not suffer from a thromboembolic event; therefore, we did not proceed ...
Meijboom Willem B - - 2002
Persistent left superior vena cava is usually asymptomatic and does not cause any physiological problems (1). However it can severely complicate pacemaker implantation and render it sometimes impossible (2). In this case report we describe the implantation of a biventricular pacemaker using a left-sided approach in a patient with persistent ...
Vijayvergiya Rajesh - - 2002
Single-chamber atrial pacing is the most physiological and yet economical modality of treatment in patients with symptomatic sinus node disease with normal atrioventricular conduction. However, because of the possibility of future development of a high-degree atrioventricular block and atrial fibrillation, most patients are implanted either dual- or single-chamber right ventricular ...
Morgan D R - - 2002
The embryological development of the superior vena cava (SVC) is complex. If the left common cardinal vein fails to occlude it can, along with the left duct of Cuvier form a left SVC, which frequently drains into the coronary sinus. This may result in abnormalities in the anatomy of this ...
van Gelder Berry M - - 2002
After lead positioning during implantation of a biventricular pacing system intermittent ventricular simulation was observed. There was no pacemaker connected to any of the leads, but ventricular capture could be provoked by an intermittent contact between the lead stylet, which was still partially inserted, and a self-retaining retractor. The same ...
Fang Ching-Chang - - 2002
We report 2 patients with recurrent syncope and dizziness, later noted to have single coronary arteries. Both had right heart strain, one having pulmonary hypertension and the other having right ventricular outflow obstruction, which resulted in sinus node dysfunction. Patients were refractory to medical therapy and improved after pacemaker implantation.
Sivakumaran Soori - - 2002
Pericarditis has been noted as a potential complication of pacemaker implantation. This study evaluated the risk of developing pericarditis following pacemaker implantation with active-fixation atrial leads. Included were 1,021 consecutive patients (mean age 73.4+/-0.4 years, range 16-101 years; 45.2% women) undergoing new pacemaker system implantation between 1991 and 1999 who ...
Young Kevin R - - 2002
Sinus nodal dysfunction is common in the elderly and frequently requires a permanent cardiac pacemaker. Current pacemakers are extremely reliable but require ongoing monitoring to detect battery depletion and component or lead failure. This report describes a patient's manipulation of the pacemaker generator and proximal leads within the subcutaneous pocket ...
Simões K - - 2002
The morphological characteristics of the ventricular myocardium and of coronary vascularization were studied in three freshwater teleost species, Piaractus mesopotamicus, Colossoma macropomum and Clarias gariepinus (African catfish), by correlating their ventricular shapes and swimming habits. In Piaractus mesopotamicus and Colossoma macropomum, species with highly active swimming habits, the cardiac ventricle ...
Hansky B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Because after tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) the transvenous implantation of endocardial leads is contraindicated, myocardial screw-in leads were used to ventricular pacing. Recently available coronary vein (CV) leads are stimulating the left ventricle epicardially and can be implanted transvenously, too. METHOD AND RESULTS: We implanted these leads in patients ...
Lipchenca Igor - - 2002
This report describes two patients who exhibited far-field oversensing of the P wave by the ventricular channel of a DDD biventricular pacemaker implanted for the treatment of congestive heart failure. Oversensing probably occurred secondary to slight displacement of the left ventricular lead in the coronary venous system. Long-term reliable pacing ...
Wiegand Uwe K H - - 2002
Intermittent atrial undersensing is observed in a considerable percentage of patients with single lead VDD pacemakers. Analyzing the 2-year data of the Saphir Multicenter Follow-Up Study, the authors investigated predictors for the occurrence of undersensing. The study included 194 patients with high degree AV block who received a VDD pacemaker ...
Ferasin L - - 2002
A four-and-a-half-year-old neutered male shorthair cat was presented with a three-week history of episodic fainting. Twenty-four hour electrocardiographic (Holter) recording revealed frequent prolonged episodes of complete atrioventricular (AV) block with ventricular standstill. The fainting episodes coincided with the longest periods of ventricular inactivity. A permanent transjugular pacemaker was placed to ...
Durham D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the diagnosis and management of cardiac arrhythmias in a two-part presentation. DATA SOURCES: Articles and published peer-review abstracts on tachycardias and bradycardias. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: Bradycardias are caused by a failure of the sinus node to generate normal impulses or due to a defect in cardiac conduction ...
Barold S Serge - - 2002
This report describes two cases of far-field sensing of the P wave by the ventricular channel of conventional DDD pacemakers programmed to a relatively high sensitivity to promote sensing of ventricular extrasystoles. Ventricular pacing was maintained in both cases when the ventricular channel was not inhibited. One case was caused ...
Padeletti Luigi - - 2002
Optimal management of atrial arrhythmias with dual chamber pacemakers requires proper performance of automatic mode switching (AMS). The aim of this study was to develop a reliable technique to test the AMS function by using an external electronic device capable of mimicking the occurrence of supraventricular arrhythmias (Supraventricular Arrhythmia Simulator ...
Hamada Hiroshi - - 2002
The generation of morphological, such as left-right, asymmetry during development is an integral part of the establishment of a body plan. Until recently, the molecular basis of left-right asymmetry was a mystery, but studies indicate that Nodal and the Lefty proteins, transforming growth factor-beta-related molecules, have a central role in ...
Jang Dong P - - 2002
As virtual reality technology continues to attract significant attention in clinical psychology, especially in the treatment of phobias, physiological monitoring is increasingly considered as an objective measurement tool for studying participants. There are few studies, however, of the normal physiological response to virtual environments or reactions to different virtual environments. ...
Ho Charles - - 2002
This article presents a discussion of some challenges in the design of a multi-function patient monitor. The term "multi-function patient monitor" refers to a single medical device that monitors multiple physiological parameters from the same patient. A common configuration of the monitor is a personal computer (PC) platform communicating with ...
Lineweaver Charles H - - 2002
We identify a subsample of the recently detected extrasolar planets that is minimally affected by the selection effects of the Doppler detection method. With a simple analysis we quantify trends in the surface density of this subsample in the period-Msin(i) plane. A modest extrapolation of these trends puts Jupiter in ...
Uejima Tokuhisa - - 2002
A 76-year-old woman with a dual chamber pacemaker underwent coronary intervention of the right coronary artery for unstable angina. After the procedure, she had recurrent chest pain, and after the repeat angiography showed reduced coronary flow in the distal vessel, she underwent emergent coronary artery bypass grafting. During this course ...
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