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Schiraldi Fernando - - 2008
Hyperkalemia may cause cardiac pacemaker (PMK) malfunctioning due to a reduction of the electronegativity of the resting myocardial potential. Both sensing and capture mechanisms could be temporarily affected, with possible life-threatening effects. Calcium chloride may counteract almost immediately such a dangerous effect of hyperkalemia, restoring the normal pacemaker function. We ...
Pereira de Sousa Lidiane Aparecida - - 2008
PURPOSE: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is a simple and reliable method routinely used in the evaluation of many conditions including cardiac diseases. However, it is rarely performed in patients with pacemakers (PMs), and the applicability and safety in this group is not established. The purpose of this study was ...
LaPage Martin J - - 2008
We report a fatal device-device interaction between a wearable automated defibrillator (WAD; LifeVest - LifeCor, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA, USA) and a unipolar pacemaker that occurred in an 18-year-old patient listed for cardiac transplantation due to his failing Fontan. The patient developed ventricular tachycardia that was initially detected by the WAD. ...
Vanhercke Daniel - - 2008
The inadvertent malposition of a pacemaker lead in the left ventricle is a rare and underdiagnosed pacemaker complication. A 78-year-old woman was admitted to our Emergency Department for progressive dyspnea, 8 years after transvenous pacemaker implantation. Routine 12-lead electrocardiography revealed a right bundle branch block on the paced beats, and ...
Greenlee Emily C - - 2008
Glaucoma after penetrating keratoplasty is a frequently observed post-operative complication and is a risk factor for graft failure. Penetrating keratoplasty performed for aphakic and pseudophakic bullous keratopathy and inflammatory conditions are more likely to cause postoperative glaucoma compared with keratoconus and Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy. The intraocular pressure elevation may occur ...
Ogawa Kenji - - 2008
We used functional MRI to investigate roles of left lateral premotor cortex in syntactic processing of complex sentences. Participants read left-branching (LB), center-embedded (CE), and active-conjoined (AC) sentences to determine noun-verb relationships. The main clause of CE sentences was interrupted by a relative clause, requiring noun-phrases to be maintained in ...
Casillas J-M - - 2008
Low-frequency electromyostimulation (EMS) acts on the skeletal muscle abnormalities that aggravate intolerance to effort in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). It improves the oxidative capacity of muscles and thus enhances aerobic performance and physical capacity to almost the same degree, as does conventional physical training. No local or hemodynamic ...
Martin Lucy K - - 2008
Reticulated telangiectatic erythema is a rare entity; it has been reported to occur following the placement of implanted cardiac devices and drug delivery systems. Histologically, reticulated telangiectatic erythema of the pacemaker is characterized by slight spongiosis and increased dermal telangiectasias. We describe a patient that developed reticulated telangiectatic nonpruritic patches ...
Sugishita Kazuro - - 2008
A 32 year-old woman with bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy suffered from syncopal attacks after her first delivery. Electrocardiograms showed complete atrioventricular block (AVB) and myocardial scintigrams demonstrated a decreased uptake in the anteroseptal area. She was diagnosed as having postpartal cardiac acceleration of sarcoidosis. Because she rejected permanent pacemaker implantation, we ...
Kypta Alexander - - 2008
AIMS: Left ventricular function may be altered by right ventricular apical pacing. The aims of the study were to compare the long-term course of different parameters of left ventricular dysfunction in patients undergoing implantation of a dual-chamber pacemaker with the ventricular lead in a septal position vs. in a standard ...
Oe Kotaro - - 2009
A 79-year-old woman with systemic sclerosis was admitted to our hospital because of syncope. On admission, electrocardiogram showed progression of intraventricular conduction defect. Chest radiograph showed marked cardiomegaly. Echocardiogram revealed deterioration of left ventricular systolic function. We suspected progressive myocardial disease with Stokes-Adams attack. When we were preparing a temporary ...
Ashraf A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a zoonosis still endemic in many parts of the world including coastal countries of Mediterranean Sea, Middle East regions and Central and South America. Now in this study we surveyed whether patients with systemic brucellosis, BAEP differ from healthy persons or not. This will help us later, ...
Engel Eva - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Modern tattoo colourants frequently consist of azo pigments that not only contain multiple impurities but also are originally produced for car paint and the dyeing of consumer goods. OBJECTIVE: In order to be able to assess the health risk of tattoos, it is important to determine the pigment concentration ...
Rosen Michael R - - 2008
The prevention and treatment of cardiac arrhythmias conferring major morbidity and mortality is far from optimal, and relies heavily on devices and drugs for the partial successes that have been seen. The greatest success has been in the use of electronic pacemakers to drive the hearts of patients having high ...
van der Lee Chris - - 2008
This study was conducted to assess outcomes after percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) treatment in 131 patients (mean age 56+/-16 years) with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. In-hospital and follow-up complications as well as late PTSMA failure (defined as unsatisfactory clinical outcome and a significant residual outflow tract gradient, necessitating reintervention) ...
Mukhtar Saqib - - 2008
There is a need for a robust and accurate technique to measure ammonia (NH3) emissions from animal feeding operations (AFOs) to obtain emission inventories and to develop abatement strategies. Two consecutive seasonal studies were conducted to measure NH3 emissions from an open-lot dairy in central Texas in July and December ...
Paraskevaidis Stelios - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Stored electrograms (EGMs) are diagnostic tools in modern pacemakers, providing data concerning arrhythmia occurrence and device function. We sought to validate the impact of stored EGMs on diagnosis and verification of arrhythmias presented after pacemaker implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 71 consecutive patients (mean age 64 +/- 8 ...
Karpawich Peter P - - 2008
As intuitive as it might appear, it must be remembered that children are not little adults and congenital heart defects do not equate to normal cardiac anatomy. In addition, repaired congenital heart defects in adults (ACHD) might also not equate to normal anatomy. In each of these clinical situations, pacemaker ...
Im So-Hyang - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of prophylactically placed noninvasive transcutaneous temporary pacemakers (NTP) to prevent angioplasty-induced bradycardia and hypotension during carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS). METHODS: The preventive use of NTPs was evaluated in 31 CAS procedures performed at 3 institutions in 30 patients considered to be ...
Jafary Fahim H - - 2008
Pacemaker-mediated tachycardia (PMT) is an arrhythmia seen in patients implanted with dual-chamber pacemakers. It occurs when ventricular contraction is followed by retrograde conduction to the atrium, which is sensed by the pacemaker, leading to ventricular triggering. A vicious re-entry cycle is set up, leading to incessant tachycardia unless appropriately terminated. ...
Kim Daniel - - 2008
The dynamic T(1)-weighted signal in first-pass myocardial perfusion MRI can vary as a function of k-space trajectory. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to compare the relative T(1)-weighted signal produced by the linear, centric, and reverse centric k-space trajectories at 3T. The centric k-space trajectory yielded higher arterial input ...
Requejo Philip Santos - - 2008
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The high demand on the upper limbs during manual wheelchair (WC) use contributes to a high prevalence of shoulder pathology in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Lever-activated (LEVER) WCs have been presented as a less demanding alternative mode of manual WC propulsion. The objective of this study was ...
Häussler Achim A Division of Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery, University and Children Hospital Zürich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH-8032 Zurich, - - 2008
Ebstein's anomaly is a congenital defect primarily due to a failed-development of the tricuspid valve. The defect affects significantly surrounding structures (conducting tissue, right atrium and ventricle), which often need concomitant correction. We have extended our techniques for the repair of conventional atrio-ventricular valve insufficiency to this specific pathology. The ...
Bandorski D - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The diagnostic benefit of capsule endoscopy in suspected small-bowel disease is high and seems to be superior to that with conventional methods and scintigraphy. Because of the limited clinical experience in patients with cardiac pacemakers and other implanted electrical devices, it is recommended that capsule endoscopy ...
Streit Sven - - 2007
Alcohol ablation (AA) of the septum has been introduced as new therapy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). It was feared that iatrogenic myocardial infarction due to AA may induce re-entry tachyarrhythmias and increase sudden cardiac death. Twenty-four patients (mean age 52 years) underwent successful AA. Clinical follow-up (FU) ranged from 0.3 ...
Sun Qi - - 2008
Ventricular Safety Standby (VSS) was designed to prevent the potentially serious consequences of crosstalk in many dual-chamber pulse generators. In this report, we describe a patient in whom the VSS was activated in a special way. When the VSS presents during bipolar sensing configuration, the clinician should notice the proper ...
Gan H W - - 2007
A 29-year-old woman with frequent syncope attacks was referred for electrophysiological study and consideration for radio-frequency ablation of her ventricular arrhythmias. Her ECG showed features of right ventricular outflow tract premature contraction. Differential diagnoses for the causes of syncope in this patient include: right ventricular outflow tract tachycardia, arrythmogenic right ...
Bhatti Sabha - - 2007
Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a very rare and yet the most commonly described thoracic venous anomaly in medical literature. It has a 10-fold higher incidence with congenital heart disease. PLSVC often becomes apparent when an unknown PLSVC is incidentally discovered during central venous line placement, intracardiac electrode/pacemaker ...
Foo Hong - - 2009
A patient developed a fungal pacemaker infection with Scedosporium apiospermum following a series of pacemaker manipulations. Despite percutaneous removal of the pacemaker system and subsequent operative extraction of the atrial thrombus, his course was complicated by persistent sepsis, pulmonary septic emboli and bilateral frontal lobe infarction, following which treatment was ...
Kim Wondae - - 2007
C. Gabbard and C. Helbig (2004) found, when examining seated participants' limb selection for reaching and grasping in hemispace, that right-handers preferred to switch to the nondominant left arm for objects located approximately 20 degrees horizontally from body midline (90 degrees) in left hemispace. In the present study, the authors ...
Chun Yun Shin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In liver transplantation, a minimum graft to patient body weight (BW) ratio is required for graft survival; in liver resection, total liver volume (TLV) calculated from body surface area (BSA) is used to determine the future liver remnant (FLR) volume needed for safe hepatic resection. These two methods of ...
Kiss István Z - - 2008
We investigate the emergence of synchronization in two groups of oscillators; one group acts as a synchronization source, and the other as the target. Based on phase model simulations, we construct a synchrony index (SI): a combination of intra- and intergroup synchronies. The SI characterizes the extent of induced synchrony ...
Messroghli Daniel R - - 2007
PURPOSE: To optimize and validate a fully-integrated version of modified Look-Locker inversion-recovery (MOLLI) for clinical single-breathhold cardiac T1 mapping. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A MOLLI variant allowing direct access to all pulse sequence parameters was implemented on a 1.5T MR system. Varying four critical sequence parameters, MOLLI was performed in eight ...
Ying Zhi-Qiang - - 2008
Isolated noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium is an unclassified cardiomyopathy and is thought to be due to arrest of myocardial morphogenesis. Fetal arrhythmias may occur in approximately half of the patients and account for the death in this disorder. We describe a patient with isolated noncompaction of the right ventricular ...
Foo Thomas K F - - 2007
PURPOSE: To develop a method for fat suppression in myocardial delayed enhancement (MDE) studies that achieves effective signal intensity reduction in fat but does not perturb myocardial signal suppression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A new approach to fat suppression that uses a spectrally-selective inversion-recovery (SPEC-IR) tip-up radio frequency (RF) pulse following ...
Rembowski Casaccia Giovana - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in vitro the surface of elastomeric chains of different manufacturers to verify the presence of pathogenic microorganisms at the moment of unpacking and analyze a possible inhibitory effect of the elastomeric chain when exposed to microorganisms of the oral cavity, for example, Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus casei, and ...
Bosa-Ojeda F - - 2007
Cardiac resynchronization improves survival and functional class of patients with advanced chronic heart failure. Placement of a stimulation electrode in the coronary sinus via the left subclavian vein is not always possible and other alternatives are required, above all when it concerns upgrading a previous device. This paper presents the ...
Khadjooi K - - 2007
Left ventricular (LV) lead displacement is an early complication of biventricular pacemakers and leads to loss of capture, diaphragmatic pacing, and symptomatic deterioration, requiring a revision procedure. We report a case of late LV lead displacement following a coughing fit and treatment with a lead with a new principle of ...
Mortensen Kai - - 2008
We report a female patient with a ventricular lead perforation late after implantation. The lead perforated heart and lung parenchyma and caused hemothorax but no cardiac effusion or tamponade. No definitive evidence for lead perforation was found by standard diagnostic assessment. Definitive diagnosis was established by cath-lab fluoroscopy. The surgical ...
Erdogan Okan - - 2007
The present case report describes a patient who underwent successful dual-chamber pacemaker implantation with active ventricular lead fixation at a high septal region in the right ventricular outflow tract. Unexpectedly, stimulation at a high output in the right ventricular outflow tract caused an unusual extracardiac stimulation, specifically, intercostal muscle twitching.
Yang Min - - 2007
The objective of this study was to measure the backscatter coefficient of formalin-fixed myocardial tissue as a function of angle of insonification relative to the myocardial fiber direction. Backscatter measurements were performed on eight cylindrical formalin-fixed lamb myocardial specimens and compensated for attenuation and diffraction effects to determine the backscatter ...
Yücel-Ero─člu Emel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between head posture and craniofacial morphology in nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate children with oronasal fistula. PATIENTS: A total of 31 cleft lip and palate patients with a mean skeletal age of 7.59 (+/-2.11) years were involved. Fifteen had complete unilateral cleft ...
Reising Scott - - 2007
Lead wire malposition is thought to be a rare complication of both permanent and temporary pacemaker implantation. The actual incidence and prevalence are unknown because of lack of reporting, which complicates consistency in treatment. Potential safeguards to prevent complications as a result of lead malposition are readily available, effective, and ...
Coley Brian - - 2008
A new method of evaluation for functional assessment of the shoulder during daily activity is presented. An ambulatory system using inertial sensors attached on the humerus was used to differentiate a dominant from a non-dominant shoulder. The method was tested on 31 healthy volunteers with no shoulder pathology while carrying ...
Cao Michael - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: A Taser weapon is designed to incapacitate violent individuals by causing temporary neuromuscular paralysis due to current application. We report the first case of a Taser application in a person with a dual-chamber pacemaker demonstrating evidence of Taser-induced myocardial capture. METHODS AND RESULTS: Device interrogation was performed in a ...
Lausberg Hedda - - 2007
Recent neuropsychological, psycholinguistic, and evolutionary theories on language and gesture associate communicative gesture production exclusively with left hemisphere language production. An argument for this approach is the finding that right-handers with left hemisphere language dominance prefer the right hand for communicative gestures. However, several studies have reported distinct patterns of ...
Rafique A M - - 2007
Echocardiographic guided pacemaker optimization leads to significant improvement in cardiac function among nonresponders to cardiac resynchronization treatment (CRT). Simpler, noninvasive determination of cardiac function during biventricular pacemaker programming may simplify this procedure. In this report we describe a 73 year old male patient who presented with recent onset NYHA class ...
You Chi-Fang - - 2007
Recognition of cardiac syncope masquerading as epilepsy may be difficult in the Emergency Department. We report a middle-aged man with recent onset convulsions who posed a diagnostic puzzle before it was found that he had paroxysmal ventricular standstill with complete atrioventricular block: he made a complete recovery after temporary pacemaker ...
Rozner Marc A - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Worldwide, nearly 3 million patients have cardiac pacemakers and more than 300,000 have implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. Many factors cause confusion regarding perioperative care of these patients, since conventional wisdom, case reports, textbooks, and literature reviews have either not kept pace with technologic developments or contain incorrect statements. Additionally, ...
Seko Yoshinori - - 2007
Patients with neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) often have congenital heart block with or without heart failure and are born to mothers who have anti-SS-A and/or anti-SS-B antibodies. NLE has been considered to result from the placental transmission of maternal autoantibodies into the fetal circulation causing myocardial damage. We report a ...
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