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Seko Yoshinori - - 2007
Patients with neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) often have congenital heart block with or without heart failure and are born to mothers who have anti-SS-A and/or anti-SS-B antibodies. NLE has been considered to result from the placental transmission of maternal autoantibodies into the fetal circulation causing myocardial damage. We report a ...
Cingoz Faruk - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to show how custom "Y"-lead adapters and standard dual-chamber pacemakers can be used to produce pacing paradigms that will lead to stable experimental models of heart failure and atrial fibrillation. DESCRIPTION: With two custom lead adapters we used both ports of two dual-chamber ...
Baraldi-Artoni S M - - 2007
The research aimed to study the morphologic variation of the testis, seeking to promote the selection and genetic control of those that present appreciable spermatic production throughout the year. Testis morphology of the Rynchotus rufescens partridge was investigated, analyzing the testis weight, the seminiferous tubules diameter, the thickness of the ...
Nägele H - - 2007
Stored electrograms or marker channels are available in most of modern cardiac pacemaker models. We sought to analyse these information to uncover terminal events of pacemaker patients dying suddenly. Method and results We made post-mortem pacemaker (PM) interrogations in 19 patients dying suddenly out of hospital between the years 1997 ...
Miyamoto Hiroshi - - 2007
During juvenile development, the cardiac pacemaker of the isopod crustacean Ligia exotica is transferred from the myocardium to the cardiac ganglion of the neurogenic heart. In adult, light stimulus decreases the beat frequency of the heart. To elucidate developmental changes in the photosensitivity of the juvenile Ligia heart, we examined ...
Cantini Federico - - 2007
Congestive heart failure is a severe chronic disease often associated with disorders that alter the mechanisms of excitation-contraction coupling that may result in an asynchronous left ventricular motion which may further impair the ability of the failing heart to eject blood. In recent years a therapeutic approach to resynchronize the ...
Zartner P A - - 2007
A 4-year-old girl with post-surgical complete atrioventricular block received an epicardial dual chamber pacemaker system. During further growth intermittent exit block occurred, first misinterpreted as neurological seizures. The epicardial lead was replaced using a transvenous approach, and a pacemaker with an integrated home monitoring facility was implanted. After her discharge, ...
Nagasaki Toshiki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Subclinical hypothyroidism affects 5-15% of the general population, and is associated with increased morbidity from cardiovascular disease. We recently reported a significant increase in brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), a parameter of arterial stiffening and an independent predictor for the presence of cardiovascular disease, in subclinical hypothyroidism. The current ...
Massin Martial M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the epidemiology of cardiac syncope in children and evaluate the guidelines on its management. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed the etiology to syncope and diagnostic workup in consecutive pediatric patients presenting with syncope in our emergency departments or cardiac outpatient clinics between 1997 and 2005, and who ...
Santamarina C - - 2007
Traceability during slaughter was studied in 1,581 pigs identified by different devices. Treatments were visual ear tags (n = 1,300), electronic ear tags of different technologies (half-duplex, n = 636; full-duplex, n = 632), and intraperitoneally injected transponders of different technologies (half-duplex 32 mm, n = 645; full-duplex 34 mm, ...
Bucchi Annalisa - - 2007
The 'funny' current, first described in cardiac pacemaker cells almost 30 years ago, is a key player in the generation of pacemaker activity and the autonomic modulation of heart rate. Because of these specific functions, a search for molecules able to interfere selectively with the 'funny' current was undertaken soon ...
Harrigan Richard A - - 2007
Emergency Department placement of a temporary transvenous cardiac pacemaker offers potential life-saving benefits, as the device can definitively control heart rate, ensure effective myocardial contractility, and provide adequate cardiac output in select circumstances. The procedure begins with establishment of central venous access, usually by a right internal jugular or left ...
Hirschl David A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pacemakers and implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) are widely used for the management of cardiac arrhythmias and congestive heart failure (CHF). Acute implantation complication rates range from 3% to 7%. The aim of this study is to describe the incidence of lead perforation on computed tomography (CT), and correlate these ...
Gott Vincent L - - 2007
Complete heart block developed in more than 10% of C. Walton Lillehei's early patients undergoing closure of ventricular septal defects, and hospital mortality was 100% in this group of patients. This problem of early fatality from heart block was completely eliminated with the use of a myocardial electrode in combination ...
Roy Vincent - - 2007
With the commercial availability of well-defined ruthenium metathesis catalysts which combine high stability and broad functional group compatibility, olefin metathesis is now routinely integrated in various syntheses. We will report here the overwhelming power and scope of cross-metathesis in the area of new acyclic nucleoside phosphonates. Scope and limitations of ...
Lugo-Adams Félix - - 2007
Malpositioning of a permanent pacemaker lead in the left ventricle is rare. Usually, a paced right bundle branch pattern is the initial finding that fosters other confirmatory studies such as chest films and transthoracic echocardiogram. We describe the unusual case of an asymptomatic 83-year-old male patient who was incidentally found ...
Schumann Jörg - - 2007
The case of an 80-year-old woman who underwent permanent VDD-pacemaker implantation for recurrent syncope in the presence of second-degree type 2 AV-block is reported. During follow-up, low atrial sensing with AV-synchrony of only 58-73% was noted. Four years after the pacemaker implantation, the patient was hospitalized for non-cardiac reasons and ...
Solc David - - 2007
The phylogeny of the heart and its conducting system is surveyed in the present study, as well as its parallels with ontogeny. A concise review of its evolution in the main taxonomic groups is presented. The aim is to inform physicians on evolutionary connections to the physiology of the human ...
Baker Daniel G - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the upper body strength, speed, power, and strength-endurance of rugby-league players of different ranks. These data could provide information pertinent to the importance of these factors for different grades of rugby league and for positional groups in those different grades. METHODS: Sixty rugby-league players, 20 participants each ...
Müller Stefan - - 2006
Commercially available cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverters/defibrillators (ICDs) predominantly use an intracardiac-derived electrocardiogram (ECG) for the detection of arrhythmias. To achieve automatic control of the heart frequency in accordance with cardiovascular strain and improved detection of life-threatening arrhythmias, it is desirable to monitor the heart by an input signal correlated ...
Weiss Stacey L - - 2007
The regulation of hatching in oviparous animals is important for successful reproduction and survival, but is poorly understood. We unexpectedly found that RU-486, a progesterone and glucocorticoid antagonist, interferes with hatching of viable tree lizard (Urosaurus ornatus) embryos in a dose-dependent manner and hypothesized that embryonic glucocorticoids regulate hatching. To ...
Krishnan Mangalath N - - 2006
We report a case of recurrent postcardiac injury syndrome (PCIS) after pacemaker lead insertion. Each episode was attended by hemorrhagic pleuro-pericardial effusion with drop in hemoglobin levels leading us to consider cardiac perforation and subject the patient to surgical pericardiotomy. However, no perforation or active bleeding was detected on exploration. ...
Wilson Andrew M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 28-year-old man presented at hospital with persistent pain in his chest and left arm, a paced rhythm on electrocardiography and elevated levels of cardiac enzymes. He was known to have patent foramen ovale and a dual-chamber pacemaker, which had been implanted following electrophysiological ablation to treat supraventricular tachycardia ...
Wysocki J - - 2006
An anatomical study was undertaken in order to investigate whether the sizes of selected human skull foramina with significant venous compartments correlated significantly with skull capacity. A total of 100 macerated human skulls were examined to determine the diameter of the foramina and the skull capacity. Measurements of the surface ...
Young Nathan M - - 2006
Primates have shoulders adapted to a wide range of locomotor functions from terrestrial pronograde quadrupedalism to highly arboreal suspensory behaviours. The shape of the scapula tightly follows these functional differences. Previous analyses of primate postcrania, including the scapula, indicate that quadrupedal monkeys are less variable than non-quadrupeds. It was previously ...
McDonald J M - - 2007
Divergent selection in mice was renewed in 3 independent replicates for high (MH) and low (ML) heat loss. An unselected control (MC) was maintained in all replicates. Heat loss was measured for individual male mice for 15 h, overnight in direct calorimeters. After 16 initial generations of selection followed by ...
Benito Begoña - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 55-year-old man presented at hospital with recurrent syncope. He did not have any prodromic symptoms and did not report having palpitations, dizziness or chest pain before, during or after the syncopal episodes. He had no family history of either syncope or sudden cardiac death. The patient was initially ...
Iskandar Said B - - 2006
Pacemaker implantation can be associated with several complications, including myocardial perforation with or without pericardial effusion, venous thrombosis, vegetations of the tricuspid valve (TV) or pacing lead, and tricuspid regurgitation (TR). The TR is thought to be derived from deformity or perforation of the TV by the pacing lead or ...
Koppe Thomas - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Patients with clefts of lip, alveolus and palate show a high incidence of maxillary sinusitis. In order to evaluate sinus size as a factor in sinusitis, this study investigates maxillary sinus morphology in an adult skull with an untreated bilateral cleft. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The maxillary sinus volume (MSV) ...
Sawlani Vijay - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Vertebrobasilar territory infarction is one of the rarer presentations of CVJ anomalies. A new radiologic sign due to stretching of the short third segment of VA detected on MRA/DSA may identify patients of AAD at risk of developing VBI. METHODS: Seven patients who presented with VBI were found to ...
Sanchez-Migallon Guzman David - - 2006
A 7.5-year-old castrated male ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was diagnosed with third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block. A monopolar epicardial pacemaker system was implanted, resulting in a regular, paced cardiac rhythm with third-degree AV block at 140 beats per minute. Over the next 2 months, the ferret developed anorexia, interstitial pneumonia, intermittent ...
Ozben Beste - - 2006
Cardiac pacemakers and implantable defibrillators are commonly used therapeutic modalities in cardiac arrhythmias. Thalamic deep brain stimulation has also become an important modality in the treatment of drug-refractory tremors and other complications in advanced Parkinson's disease. Concerns exist about the potential electrical interaction and interference between these 2 devices in ...
Tse Hung-Fat - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The normal cardiac rhythm originates in the sinoatrial (SA) node that anatomically resides in the right atrium. Malfunction of the SA node leads to various forms of arrhythmias that necessitate the implantation of electronic pacemakers. We hypothesized that overexpression of an engineered HCN construct via somatic gene transfer offers ...
Ciaramitaro Gianfranco - - 2006
AIM: High heart rates in chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF) is one of the factors responsible for hemodynamic alterations and may lead to tachycardiomyopathies. The ventricular rate regulation (VRR) study evaluates the effect of ventricular rate regularization in CAF patients with preserved ventricular function, marked ventricular rate variability, and indications for ...
Hamada Manabu - - 2006
Implantation of a permanent cardiac pacemaker is becoming common with the increase in the elderly population. A cutaneous ulcer over the pacemaker is a rare complication. Most such cases previously reported demonstrate non-specific granuloma histologically, negative patch testing of materials used in the device, and no growth in the bacterial ...
Toyoizumi Ryuji - - 2006
Signaling by members of TGF-beta superfamily requires the activity of a family of site-specific endopeptidases, known as Subtilisin-like proprotein convertases (SPCs), which cleave these ligands into mature, active forms. To explore the role of SPCs in lateral plate mesoderm (LPM) differentiation in Xenopus, two SPC inhibitors, decanoyl-Arg-Val-Lys-Arg-chloromethylketone (Dec-RVKR-CMK) and hexa-arginine, ...
Silvetti Massimo S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In some children with ventricular rate responsive demand (VVIR) pacemakers (PM), transvenous leads fail for technical reasons or patient's growth. AIM: The aim of this study is to describe our experience in adolescents with a nonfunctional ventricular lead in whom the lead was abandoned and an additional VDD lead ...
Mantovani Vittorio - - 2006
Metabolic surveillance of the myocardium is of great interest in cardiac surgery. Microdialysis allows sampling of chemical substances from the interstitial fluid for immediate analysis. The two objectives of this study were to develop a technique for simple and safe implantation of a commercially available microdialysis probe (CMA-70) into the ...
Chen Ruo-han - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The automatic, threshold tracking, pacing algorithm developed by St. Jude Medical, verifies ventricular capture beat by beat by recognizing the evoked response following each pacemaker stimulus. This function was assumed to be not only energy saving but safe. This study estimated the extension in longevity obtained by AutoCapture (AC) ...
Caro Jaime - - 2006
AIMS: To estimate the consequences of managing bradycardia due to sinoatrial node disease or atrioventricular block with dual-chamber vs. single-chamber ventricular pacemakers. METHODS AND RESULTS: A discrete-event simulation was conducted to predict outcomes over 5 years. Patients could develop post-operative complications, clinically relevant pacemaker syndrome leading to replacement of single-chamber ...
Kusumoto Fred M - - 2006
Implantable cardiac devices have become firmly entrenched as important therapeutic tools for a variety of cardiac conditions. The first part of this two-part review will discuss the contemporary use and follow-up of pacemakers, while the second part will address the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators and implantable loop recorders. Pacemakers ...
Donataccio M - - 2006
Little is known about incidence and risk factors for incisional hernia after liver transplantation (OLT). More frequently this problem occurs at the junction of midline and transverse incisions. We prospectively and consecutively used three different types of abdominal incisions in 47 OLTs. The results were compared in order to identify ...
Lau Wendy - - 2006
Programmed upper rate pacing occurred in a patient with a rate-adaptive pacemaker when he was connected to a cardiac monitor in an emergency department. The tachycardia was mistakenly interpreted to be ventricular tachycardia and the patient received multiple DC shocks as well as intravenous amiodarone and sotalol, resulting in severe ...
Houtman S - - 2006
A patient with a ventricle-paced, ventricle-sensed and inhibited, respiratory rate-responsive pacemaker presented for orthopaedic surgery. She had been operated upon recently without any adverse effects. In the recovery unit her electrocardiograph showed a paced ventricular tachycardia of about 140 beats x min(-1) without any other adverse sign or symptom. Although ...
Cerbai Elisabetta - - 2006
Pacemaker channels play a major role in the generation of sinoatrial rhythmic activity. However, their expression is not confined to specialized myocardial cells, such as primary and subsidiary pacemakers. Electrophysiological and molecular data collected over the last ten years have demonstrated that f-channels are also present in non-pacemaker cardiomyocytes, and ...
Occhetta Eraldo - - 2006
This report describes the case of an 86-year-old male with syncopal paroxysmal 2:1 atrioventricular block and a single chamber VVI pacemaker programmed to bipolar sensing and unipolar pacing. After recurrence of syncope, a complete loss of ventricular capture with regular ventricular sensing was observed on ECG; fluoroscopic examination suggested perforation ...
Antretter H - - 2006
After heterotopic heart transplantation, a 59-year-old woman presented with remarkable symptoms of breathlessness and fatigue, despite excellent donor heart function. Asynchrony of donor and native heart provoked haemodynamic instability. Dual atrial pacemaker implantation lead to linkage and synchronization of atrial and ventricular contraction in both the donor and native heart ...
Cohen Mitchell I - - 2006
This report describes a 20-year-old man with complex congenital heart disease and inappropriate epicardial implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) shocks secondary to double counting of ventricular-paced spikes and QRS complexes from a separate bipolar epicardial dual-chamber pacemaker. Adjusting to a unipolar paced-ventricular mode resolved any double counting via pacemaker-ICD interaction.
Fleischmann Kirsten E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Dual-chamber pacemakers restore AV synchrony compared with ventricular pacemakers, but the effects on health-related quality of life (QOL) are uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of pacemaker implantation, clinical factors, and pacing mode on QOL. METHODS: The Mode Selection Trial (MOST) randomized 2,010 ...
Korybalska Katarzyna - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The glucose degradation products (GDP) presentin conventional peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDF) may exert adverse effects toward human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMC). Some GDP can be detoxified by the glyoxalase/ glutathione pathway. It has been shown that the addition of glyoxalase I (GLO-I) and reduced glutathione (GSH) to PDF effectively ...
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