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Results 701 - 750 of 1286
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Ortmann C - - 2000
Samples of heart tissue were investigated in two series for the detectability of myocardial necrosis after artificial and natural putrefaction, respectively. In the first series heart tissue with and without infarction was artificially subjected to humid and dry autolysis and putrefaction. In the second investigation heart tissue was obtained from ...
Lecanuet J P - - 2000
Cardiac responses of 36- to 39-week-old (GA) fetuses were tested with a no-delay pulsed stimulation paradigm while exhibiting a low heart rate (HR) variability (the HR pattern recorded when fetuses are in the 1f behavioral state). We examined whether fetuses could discriminate between two low-pitched piano notes, D4 (F(0) = ...
Schuchert A - - 2000
Some newer cardiac pacemakers are able to control the efficacy of the ventricular pacing pulse beat by beat and to adjust the ventricular output to the actual pacing threshold. This capture verification is based on the detection of the ventricular evoked response amplitude, which has to be detected immediately after ...
Esmail M M - - 2000
A 33-year-old primigravida presented at 32 weeks gestation with increasing shortness of breath related to left ventricular failure. She had severe bilateral ventricular dilatation of unknown aetiology. An urgent caesarean section was required when she failed to improve on medical therapy, and for this she requested general anaesthesia. The patient ...
Cuzin B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The rise in the number of implantations of cardiac pacemakers is of some concern to decision makers in the health sector. We assessed the intrinsic and relative clinical efficacy of cardiac pacemakers in current clinical indications to find out whether scientific or clinical arguments might justify differences in market ...
Li J H - - 1999
The mean first passage time (MFPT) over the fluctuating potential barrier is investigated in the presence of additive and multiplicative noises. It is shown that the MFPT over the fluctuating potential barrier displays a resonant activation (RA). The effect of the additive and multiplicative noises and the correlation between them ...
Lilienfeld S O - - 1999
Although the construct of psychopathy has received considerable attention in humans, its relevance to other animals is largely unknown. We developed a measure of psychopathy for use in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), the Chimpanzee Psychopathy Measure (CPM), and asked 6 raters to complete this index on 34 chimpanzees. The CPM (a) ...
Bode F - - 1999
Episodes of repetitive P wave undersensing have been described in dual chamber pacemakers due to automatic extension of the postventricular atrial refractory period (PVARP). Pacemaker stimulation was completely inhibited despite the presence of adequate P waves. This study sought to determine whether cycles of repetitive P wave undersensing occur even ...
Yesil M - - 1999
Although arrhythmias are common in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), complete atrioventricular (AV) block is very unusual. A 27-year-old female presented with a recent history of syncope and exercise intolerance. ECG demonstrated complete AV block. Two-dimensional Doppler echocardiography revealed HCM with a 60 mmHg left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient. A temporary ...
van Den Berg M P - - 1999
A 54-year-old man presented with total atrioventricular (AV) block 3 months after dynamic cardiomyoplasty was performed because of heart failure due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Though the cardiomyostimulator acted as a back-up pacemaker, a DDDR pacemaker was implanted to optimize hemodynamics. During testing no cross-sensing or cross-stimulation between the pacemaker ...
Burke M C - - 1999
Pectoral implantation of transvenous non-thoracotomy internal cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) has resulted in very few complications whether placed subpectorally or subcutaneously. We report the case of a 68 year old man with a subpectorally implanted MINI-plus (Cardiac Pacemakers, Incorporated, St. Paul, Mn.) transvenous ICD who developed nearly instantaneous severe ipsilateral shoulder ...
Hawley RJ - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To determine risk factors for cardiac complications in patients with myotonic dystrophy, and to determine whether permanent cardiac pacemakers may be beneficial in the treatment of myotonic dystrophy heart disease. BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy affects the cardiac conduction system. Cardiac pacemakers are easily implanted and can be life-saving in patients ...
Gregoratos G - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To review (1) the physiologic changes of aging that may lead to the need for a permanent pacemaker; (2) the current standard indications for pacemaker implantation as reported in expert guidelines; (3) newer investigational uses of pacemakers; (4) advances in pacemaker technology; and (5) cost-effectiveness of permanent pacing. DATA ...
Belott P - - 1999
Thoracic electrical bioimpedance (TEB) provides a rapid, accurate, cost-effective method of optimizing the atrioventricular delay in dual-chamber pacemakers. In addition to measurements of cardiac output, TEB provides other hemodynamic indices such as systolic time interval, left cardiac work index, and end diastolic index. The availability of this additional data can ...
Arbane M - - 1999
A 76-year-old woman had a permanent transvenous DDDR pacemaker implanted for complete atrioventricular block. She was hospitalized 4 years later for recurrent transient ischaemic attacks related to dislodgment of the atrial lead into the left atrium through a patent foramen ovale. The patient was successfuly treated by transvenous extraction of ...
Roth B J - - 1999
If current is flowing in cardiac tissue, and if the myocardial fibres approach a sealed boundary at an angle, then the tissue within a few length constants of the boundary is polarised. This polarisation occurs when the cardiac tissue has different anisotropy ratios in the intracellular and extracellular spaces. This ...
Blum M - - 1999
During vertebrate embryonic development, the organs of the chest and abdomen, heart, lung and gastrointestinal tract, acquire characteristic asymmetric positions with respect to the left-right body axis. In the beginning of the 20th century Hans Spemann and his co-workers described manipulations of amphibian embryos which resulted in inversion of organ ...
Trigano J A - - 1999
This report describes a patient admitted for the treatment of a pocket infection occurring 5 months after a dual chamber pacemaker implantation. The ventricular lead had been inadvertently placed into the left ventricle through the arterial system. After careful examination using transesophageal echocardiography and left heart angiogram, successful percutaneous extraction ...
Cardall T Y - - 1999
Many people benefit from the implantation of cardiac pacemakers for management of certain cardiac dysrhythmias. These patients are seen regularly in the Emergency Department with a variety of pacemaker complications and malfunctions. The presence of a pacemaker may also affect management of unrelated medical problems. This, the second of a ...
Edgar D R - - 1999
Episodes of serious but infrequently occurring cardiac arrhythmias can be difficult to detect and analyse, even with modern Holter monitoring. A previous diagnostic pacemaker developed by this group provided VVI pacing therapy and recorded intracardiac ECG signals but had no atrial sensing or impedance measuring capability. A new external diagnostic ...
Grondin S - - 1999
Asymmetrical hand function was examined in the context of expert sports performance: hitting in professional baseball. An archival study was conducted to examine the batting performance of all Major League Baseball players from 1871 to 1992, focusing on those who batted left (n = 1,059) to neutralize the game asymmetry. ...
Kennergren C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Excimer Laser technique can be used to extract leads. We present the European multi-centre experience. METHOD: The Spectranetics Excimer Laser is a Xenon-Chloride laser with a wavelength of 308 nm, not visible to the human eye. This cool cutting laser (50 degrees C) has an absorption depth of 0.06 ...
Windmann S - - 1999
Performance on heartbeat counting tasks is usually interpreted in terms of cardiac sensitivity. We tested the hypothesis that heartbeat counting is influenced by beliefs about heart rates by dissociating beliefs about heart rates and actual heart rates. In a within-subjects design, heart rates of 50 patients with cardiac pacemakers were ...
Cardall T Y - - 1999
Many people benefit from the implantation of cardiac pacemakers for management of certain cardiac dysrhythmias. These patients are seen regularly in the emergency department with a variety of pacemaker complications and malfunctions. The presence of a pacemaker may also affect management of unrelated medical problems. This two-part series reviews the ...
Lowe M D - - 1999
The putative beta4-adrenoceptor mediates positive inotropic effects, action potential shortening and arrhythmias in ferret ventricle. Here we compared the affinity of carvedilol at the putative beta4-adrenoceptor and beta1-adrenoceptor, activated by (+/-)-CGP 12177 and (-)-isoprenaline, respectively. In paced right ventricular preparations, carvedilol (0.01-10 micromol/l) was a simple competitive antagonist of the ...
Janssens U - - 1999
Only few reports exist addressing the problem of temporary pacemaker leads associated with thromboembolic disease. We report the case of a 67-year-old patient who required a temporary transfemoral pacemaker due to AV block grade III. The patient developed extensive right atrial and ventricle thrombus formation attached to the pacing wire, ...
Wiegand U K - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Single lead VDD pacing has offered an alternative to DDD systems in patients with isolated AV block. Up to now, however, the relative performance of these pacemaker systems was not systematically compared. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three hundred sixty patients who received either a VDD pacemaker (n = 180) or ...
Saoudi N - - 1999
The concept of the "smart" pacemaker has been continuously changing during 40 years of progress in technology. When we talk today about smart pacemakers, it means optimal treatment, diagnosis, and follow-up for patients fitting the current indications for pacemakers. So what is smart today becomes accepted as "state of the ...
Klatt S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Visceral hypersensitivity is claimed to be involved in the pathogenesis of nonulcer dyspepsia (NUD). In a double-blind crossover study, we evaluated the effects of tropisetron, a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, on gastric accommodation, reflex relaxation, and sensitivity in NUD patients. METHODS: Eight patients and 10 healthy controls received placebo or ...
Barold S S - - 1999
A patient with a Pacesetter Paragon III DDD pacemaker exhibited sustained pacemaker inhibition at rates below the programmed lower rate during sinus rhythm with marked first degree AV block. In this device, a pacemaker defined ventricular extrasystole initiates automatic extension of the postventricular atrial refractory period to 480 ms and ...
Aimè E - - 1999
A case of 28-year-old woman with Ebstein's anomaly and complete AV block, requiring a permanent dual-chamber pacemaker implantation, is described. The ventricular lead was successfully placed in the right ventricular outflow tract and there was no problem associated with positioning of the atrial electrode in the right atrial appendage, with ...
Iskos D - - 1999
Acute passive fixation atrial lead dislodgment occurred due to an unexpected and marked postural descent of the heart after permanent pacemaker implantation in two patients. Sagging of the heart in these two individuals may have been related to a history of morbid obesity followed by weight loss of over 100 ...
Glikson M - - 1999
Current use of newer implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) has changed the spectrum of pacemaker-ICD interactions and provided new tools for testing and understanding those interactions. Testing for pacemaker-ICD interactions was performed in 31 procedures involving 22 patients. The protocol included: (1) evaluation of pacemaker stimulus artifact amplitude and its ratio to ...
Barr J D - - 1999
PURPOSE: To compare the catheter adhesion properties of 2-hexyl cyanoacrylate (Neuracryl M), a new agent, to those of normal butyl cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl), the most widely used liquid acrylic agent for microcatheter embolization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 2-hexyl cyanoacrylate (Neuracryl M1) was tested in pure form and mixed with either a proprietary ...
Solomon A J - - 1999
The most common indication for a permanent pacemaker is symptomatic bradycardia. An atrial-based pacemaker (dual-chamber or atrial) usually is preferred, except in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. Several prospective, randomized trials recently have been completed to evaluate new indications for permanent pacemakers. A dual-chamber pacemaker with an optimal atrioventricular interval ...
Havránek V - - 1999
A comparison of instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and proton-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) results for size-fractionated atmospheric aerosols ("coarse" and "fine" fractions with an equivalent aerodynamic diameter of 2-10 microns and < 2 microns, respectively, or the PM10 fraction) showed that PIXE yielded significantly lower results for the PM10 and ...
Van Gossum A - - 1998
Trace elements are involved in enzymatic activities, immunological reactions, physiological mechanisms and carcinogenesis. Deficiency in some trace elements, such as iron and iodine, is still an important health problem, especially in developing countries. Some groups of individuals are more likely to develop trace element deficiency. The role of trace elements ...
Goldman D S - - 1998
A patient with refractory bradycardia dependent polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PMVT) underwent permanent pacemaker placement for suppression of her arrhythmia. Following implant, the patient had recurrent PMVT. Interrogation of the device revealed a factory programmed feature (+ PVARP on PVC) designed to prevent pacemaker-mediated tachycardia that led to cycle length variability ...
Philbin D M - - 1998
Although the potential for transcutaneous electronic nerve stimulation (TENS) units to interfere with appropriate function of cardiac pacemakers is well documented, an adverse interaction between a TENS unit and an ICD has never been reported. We describe a patient in whom a TENS unit created an electrical artifact that was ...
Ruch D S - - 1998
The use of hip arthroscopy is documented as a means of determining accurate placement for core decompression of the femoral head. The authors describe the technique whereby the patient is placed on the fracture table in the supine position and the guide wire for the core decompression is inserted into ...
Veitch A - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Malfunction of cardiac pacemakers related to diathermy in surgical procedures has been reported, but the risks of endoscopic diathermy in pacemaker patients is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate current practice amongst British gastroenterologists regarding endoscopy in cardiac pacemaker patients. METHODS: An anonymous ...
Bel A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The accurate performance of coronary anastomoses on the beating heart requires some form of myocardial immobilization that can be achieved pharmacologically. Different classes of drugs can be used to induce bradycardia, but the most effective in this setting of off-pump operation has not yet been determined. METHODS: Fifty-six isolated ...
Lewis J W JW - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The requirement for permanent pacemaker implantation after most initial cardiac surgical procedures generally is less than 3%. To identify the incidence and factors related to permanent pacemaker need after repeat cardiac surgery, we retrospectively studied 558 consecutive patients undergoing at least one repeat cardiac operation. METHOD: Univariable and multivariable ...
Xie B - - 1998
Implantation of a permanent pacemaker is the most commonly performed surgical operation involving the heart. The modern cardiac pacemaker is a complex device that can sense and pace in both the atrium and ventricle. It also modulates the pacing rate based on sensed physiologic parameters. This article reviews the fundamental ...
Glikson M - - 1998
Numerous types of interactions between pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have been described. Pacemaker outputs preventing appropriate detection of ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation by the ICD is one of the more serious. Asynchronous pacemaker activity during ventricular arrhythmias may be caused by either nonsensing of the arrhythmia or ...
Hildick-Smith D J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes of pacemaker upgrade from single chamber ventricular to dual chamber. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing the procedure. SETTING: Specialist cardiothoracic unit. PATIENTS: 44 patients (15 female, 29 male), mean (SD) age at upgrade 68.2 (12.9) years. INTERVENTIONS: Upgrade of single chamber ventricular to dual chamber ...
Beitler A L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Esophagogastric anastomotic leaks continue to be a major source of morbidity and mortality after esophagectomy. Leaks usually result from technical errors or occult ischemia of the mobilized gastric fundus. The introduction of stapled esophagogastric anastomoses was initially very promising; leak rates appeared to be reduced. DATA SOURCES: The English ...
Preusser D F - - 1998
Fatal crash-involved drivers of passenger vehicles were identified in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System for the period 1990 through 1995. Each driver was categorized as being alone in the vehicle at the time of the crash or with one or more passengers. Drivers at fault or responsible for crash occurrence ...
Wax J R - - 1998
We sought to determine whether an association exists between the location of intracardiac echogenic foci and fetal aneuploidy or structural cardiac lesions. A search of the English language literature since 1980 revealed nine studies reporting location of intracardiac echogenic foci, fetal chromosomal abnormalities, and cardiac anomalies. Aneuploidy was noted in ...
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