Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1172
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Mohan P - - 1995
The endocardial endothelium (EE) modulates the performance of the subjacent myocardium and plays an important role in regulation of cardiac function. This modulation has been confirmed in a number of different species and in both in vitro and in vivo conditions. The mechanisms of EE modulation of myocardial performance are ...
Perry G Y - - 1995
Two cases of transient pacemaker failure to sense and capture during angiography are reported. This phenomenon is due to a transient increase in sensing and pacing thresholds beyond the pacemakers programmed settings. The underlying mechanism may be related to blood displacement, the electrochemical properties of the injectate, the high concentration ...
Bartlett C M - - 1995
Adult females of Strongyloides robustus Chandler, 1942, a parasite of sciurids in North America, were found in the duodenal mucosa of 30 of 32 red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (Erxleben)) collected in Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. The parasitic female is illustrated and redescribed; characteristics include: body 3.8-8.0 mm long, ...
Benditt D G - - 1994
PURPOSE: To review the status of artificial sensors in cardiac pacemakers and the rationale for developing pacing systems that use multiple sensors. DATA SOURCES: Journal articles published between 1982 and 1993 indexed in MEDLINE using the keywords pacemakers, sensors, and rate-adaptive, as well as abstracts and articles in the authors' ...
Babuty D - - 1994
The increasing number of heart transplant patients requires that physicians be able to recognize the electrocardiographic (ECG) and electrophysiologic properties of cardiac allografts. Cardiac allografts are characterized by modifications of resting ECGs and frequent arrhythmias in the postoperative period, and the loss of autonomic nervous control illustrated by permanent tachycardia ...
Smith C W - - 1994
PURPOSE: To develop improved methods of extracting pacemaker electrodes from the femoral vein by using standard equipment and techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pacemaker electrodes were removed from 61 patients aged 21-91 years (mean, 68 years). In 25 patients (41%), traction was applied to locking stylets to remove electrodes at the ...
Mallon E - - 1994
Three possible mechanisms of the hair shaft abnormality in cheveux incoiffables have been investigated in nine patients. Cheveux incoiffables hairs were found to exhibit a normal distribution of cystine-rich protein within both the cuticle and the cortex, as determined by silver methenamine ultrastructural cytochemistry. Resistance to stretching, at 65% relative ...
Deyo J A - - 1994
Monocrotaline (MCT) is a pyrrolizidine alkaloid which has been shown to induce immunotoxicity in mice. We hypothesized that metabolic activation of MCT by mixed-function oxygenases (MFO) to dehydromonocrotaline (MCTP) is a prerequisite for its immunotoxicity, as has been shown for other toxic effects of MCT. To test this hypothesis, we ...
Cazeau S - - 1994
The extension of random access memory now makes it possible to store electrocardiographic (ECG) information, referred to here as Holter function (HF), in the memories of new pacemakers, which can be used as diagnostic tools during long-term follow-up. This report describes our experience in 26 consecutive patients for whom the ...
Frielingsdorf J - - 1994
The effect of atrial contraction on cardiac function is reviewed in patients with dual chamber and rate-responsive ventricular pacemakers. The question posed was is there any haemodynamic, clinical or prognostic advantage of AV synchrony in dual chamber pacemakers in comparison to rate-responsive ventricular pacemakers? Optimal AV delay in dual chamber ...
Sharifi M - - 1994
Three patients with inadvertently positioned left heart pacemaker leads were admitted for neurological symptoms consistent with embolic stroke. In one of them, the pacemaker lead crossed the interatrial septum, the mitral valve, and entered the left ventricle. In another it was erroneously placed through the subclavian artery, across the aortic ...
Anderson S H - - 1994
The effect of macromolecules from oviductal conditioned medium (CM) on sperm motility and capacitation was studied. Sperm pooled from three bulls was incubated in either luteal isthmic CM, luteal ampullary CM, estrual isthmic CM, estrual ampullary CM, or control medium (no CM) for 4 h. Sperm capacitation and motility were ...
Ingram J M - - 1994
The computer modem technology being developed by Datascope Corporation for the purpose of off-site intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) monitoring was clinically evaluated in 30 patients requiring IABP support. The Datascope System 95 model IABP with built-in modem was used on all patients. Remote communications via a personal computer with modem ...
Stoller S H - - 1994
PURPOSE: To derive normative data on eyelid position in primary gaze, upgaze, and downgaze in subjects of various ages. METHODS: Upper eyelid margin to corneal light reflex distance (uMRD), lower eyelid to corneal light reflex distance (IMRD), and vertical interpalpebral fissure (IPF) measurements were obtained on 50 healthy subjects. RESULTS: ...
Tahvonen R - - 1994
A total of 647 breads from nine bakeries were pooled into 48 representative samples. After wet digestion in concentrated HNO3, the contents of lead and cadmium were determined using electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry with Zeeman effect background correction and (NH4)H2PO4 matrix modification. The mean lead and cadmium contents found in ...
Schüppel R - - 1994
The patient we describe developed a cholestatic hepatitis and an unusual threshold elevation of about 425%, coincidently, 5 weeks after pacemaker implantation. Lead dislocation, myocardial infarction or metabolic disorder could be excluded as a reason for the pacemaker complication. Neither a biliary obstruction nor an infection of the liver could ...
Miwa A - - 1994
1. The antagonism by glibenclamide of the effects of KRN2391, cromakalim and nifedipine on coronary flow (CF) were compared in isolated perfused rat hearts. 2. KRN2391, cromakalim and nifedipine increased CF in a concentration-dependent manner. In the presence of glibenclamide, the concentration-effect curves on CF for KRN2391 and cromakalim shifted ...
Simons F E - - 1994
First-generation histamine H1-receptor antagonists, such as diphenhydramine, triprolidine, hydroxyzine or chlorpheniramine (chlorphenamine), frequently cause somnolence or other CNS adverse effects. Second-generation H1-antagonists, such as terfenadine, astemizole, loratadine and cetirizine, represent a true advance in therapeutics. In manufacturers' recommended doses, they have a more favourable benefit/risk ratio than their predecessors with ...
Sgarbossa E B - - 1994
Ventricular pacing (with loss of normal atrioventricular synchrony) has been considered to have a role in the development or progression of congestive heart failure (CHF) in patients with sick sinus syndrome (SSS). No rigorous study has tested this hypothesis. Five hundred seven consecutive patients with SSS who received an initial ...
Bush D E - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To review (1) Changes in cardiac impulse generation, conduction, and ventricular filling in normal aging and disease; (2) Pacemaker technology and nomenclature; (3) Expert guidelines about pacemaker use; (4) Studies of pacemaker effectiveness and utilization. DESIGN: Articles were identified through a Medline search, review of articles' bibliographies, and contact ...
Souliman S K - - 1994
It is well documented that radiation therapy can have significant transitory and permanent effects on the function of cardiac pacemakers. In this study 18 multiprogrammable pacemakers were tested to establish any pattern by which these pacemakers are affected. The results confirm previous predictions on how pacemakers are damaged. The damage ...
Chang A C - - 1994
Following successful RF ablation of the atrioventricular node (AVN), temporary pacing is necessary prior to insertion of a permanent pacemaker. The risks and inconvenience of temporary pacing could be avoided if a permanent pacemaker is already in place. This study reports the feasibility of RF ablation of the AVN in ...
Feinman R A - - 1994
This year is approximately the fifth year of controlled bleaching of vital teeth administered by the patient, and this practice still generates a great deal of discussion by the American Dental Association, the US Food and Drug Administration, the media, and general practitioners. The placement of a plastic carrier intraorally ...
Saragoussi J J - - 1994
Keratoconus suspect is a new clinical entity revealed by videokeratography. We perform systematic videokeratography on all candidates for refractive surgery, and have identified a keratoconus suspect in more than 10% of eyes. A lot of patients with undetected early keratoconus have been operated on since 1980. We suggest a possible ...
Zerella J T - - 1993
A newborn girl had no ganglion cells beyond 2 cm distal to the ligament of Treitz. The proximal jejunum was dilated. A jejunostomy constructed 46 cm distal to the ligament of Treitz functioned. A 28-cm jejunal segment was myectomized to augment enteral feeding. For almost 1 year she has been ...
Menozzi C - - 1993
The occurrence rate of spontaneous asystolic episodes during long-term follow-up in patients with abnormal asystolic responses induced by means of vasovagal maneuvers was evaluated. The heart rate of 23 patients (mean age 64 +/- 12 years; 6 women and 17 men) affected by neurally mediated syncope (mean 4.3 +/- 4.9 ...
Zohar Y - - 1993
We present 2 patients with sudden onset of dysphonia due to acute unilateral vocal cord paralysis that occurred during transvenous insertion of a permanent endocardial pacemaker. Acute paralysis of the vocal cord due to this kind of medical intervention is a very unusual complication that has been rarely reported. We ...
Auricchio A - - 1993
Medical therapy often fails to control symptoms of severe heart failure. The possibility of modifying to some degree the global ventricular performance with the implantation of a physiological dual chamber pacemaker, set with a short atrioventricular delay (100 msec), has been adopted in two patients with severe heart failure due ...
Cooney W P - - 1993
Arthrography and arthroscopy of the wrist were compared as diagnostic tools in the evaluation of chronic wrist pain. Arthroscopy proved to be a more sensitive procedure than arthrography in 20 consecutive patients with confirmed wrist injuries. There was 86% correlation (the exception--one false negative arthroscopic procedure) between arthroscopy and arthrography ...
Persani L - - 1993
Circulating TSH bioactivity may vary in several clinical and experimental conditions. Since the reliability of the current methods for the measurement of TSH bioactivity is limited, a new bioassay based on cAMP accumulation in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells transfected with recombinant human TSH receptor (CHO-R) was set up. The sensitivity ...
Meloni L - - 1993
Miniaturized probes constitute recent progress in the field of epicardial echocardiography. We recently used a new miniaturized probe, derived from a standard transesophageal probe, in a series of 12 adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery in order to test the possibility of obtaining new views for epicardial imaging. This study ...
Storm C J - - 1993
Complete lead fracture is a uncommon phenomenon in cardiac pacing. Recently we encountered a patient with a severed lead at routine pacemaker follow-up visit. In this case report, the typical ECG changes and noninvasive pacemaker measurements are discussed. The chest roentgengram showed the position of the proximal part of the ...
Asroff S W - - 1993
A 75-year-old man with complete heart block and a ventricular demand pacemaker with the generator in a left upper-quadrant subcutaneous pouch underwent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) for a 2-cm proximal right ureteral calculus, receiving 2000 shocks at 24 kV. There was no damage or malfunction of the pacemaker, and ...
Dickinson P S - - 1993
1. The cardiac sac network, which controls the rhythmic contractions of the cardiac sac in the foregut of crustaceans, is distributed throughout the stomatogastric nervous system, including the oesophageal ganglion (OG), the commissural ganglia (CGs), and the stomatogastric ganglion (STG). A red pigment-concentrating hormone (RPCH)-like peptide is likewise widely distributed. ...
Stroobandt R - - 1993
A new cause of pacemaker mediated tachycardia was observed in a patient equipped with a Vitatron Quintech 931 DDD pacemaker. In this type of pacemaker the microprocessor is switched off during the atrial refractory period. Beyond the recommended replacement time, the internal resistance of the battery may increase to such ...
Kreiner G - - 1993
The impact of a right bundle branch block (RBBB), inadvertently created prior to complete ablation of the atrioventricular (AV) junction, on the intrinsic subsidiary pacemaker function was investigated. In 31 patients suffering from intractable supraventricular tachyarrhythmia, catheter ablation of the AV junction was performed using direct current (n = 13) ...
Brown J R - - 1993
The study examines malathion aerosol cloud behavior in a North Florida pine flatwoods. Droplet mass median diameters (MMD) decreased over distance in both open and pine flatwoods. A sharp decrease in number of aerosol droplets per cm2 occurred between 3.1 and 15.2 m and a gradual decline in droplets per ...
Lammers W J - - 1993
The technique of multiple simultaneous recordings from a large number of extracellular electrodes (> 100) is currently used in the study of normal and abnormal electrical conduction in the heart and the genesis of cardiac arrhythmias. To investigate whether such a system could also be applied in gastrointestinal electrophysiology, several ...
Kuo K K - - 1993
When a patient has a pacemaker and requires operation, surgeons have to consider some possible intraoperative pacemaker complications induced by electrocautery. Electrocautery is commonly used during surgery to achieve hemostasis. However, this very effective tool may introduce innumerable problems in the paced patient, including irreversible damage to the pulse generator, ...
Refinetti R - - 1993
Cardiac contractions are under the influence of at least two processes of biological timing, one responsible for the mean level of heart rate (oscillations with a frequency of up to several hundred per minute) and another responsible for the circadian rhythm of heart rate (oscillations with a frequency of one ...
Hantson P - - 1993
A 61-year-old man without previous medical history was admitted for Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Carbamazepine was prescribed on day 72 for dysesthesia occurring at the time of recovery. Subsequently, severe cardiac conduction disturbances (asystole, atrioventricular block) were observed and a permanent pacemaker had to be inserted. The possible relationship between carbamazepine ...
Yu H - - 1993
I(f), the "cardiac pacemaker current," is a nonselective cation channel activated on hyperpolarization in primary and secondary pacemaker regions of the mammalian heart. The cardiac pacing rate can be modulated by shifting the activation of I(f) to more positive (faster pacing) or more negative (slower pacing) voltages. We report for ...
Van den Bergh F - - 1993
In fibroblasts of severely retarded (type I) adenylosuccinase (ASase)-deficient children, activities with the two substrates of the enzyme, succinylaminoimidazole carboxamide ribotide (succinyl-AICAR) and adenylosuccinate are decreased in parallel, to about 30% of normal. In a markedly less retarded (type II) patient, ASase activity with adenylosuccinate reaches only 3% of normal, ...
Yu T J - - 1993
Acute urinary retention in two adolescent girls with hematometrocolpos caused by imperforate hymen are reported. The accumulation of the menstrual blood in the vagina and uterus may form a mechanical effect on the urethra and bladder and lead to the obstructive urinary symptoms. Hymenotomy created individually by CO2 laser and ...
Hay W P - - 1993
An extralaryngeal approach to partial arytenoidectomy in the horse was developed by in vitro experiments on isolated larynges and then on intact equine cadavers. The goals of the approach were to preserve the laryngeal mucosa, eliminate the need for a laryngotomy or tracheotomy, and minimize postoperative complications. The new approach ...
Sutton R - - 1993
The symptom most frequently requiring investigation and consideration for cardiac pacing is syncope. This symptom is now receiving more attention than ever, mainly because of the advent of tilt table testing--a simple noninvasive procedure that has substantially reduced the number of syncopal patients remaining undiagnosed. The first part of this ...
Shandling A H - - 1992
Chronic overdrive suppression pacing has been suggested as an effective adjunctive method for reducing the incidence of cardiac tachyarrhythmias. Documentation of effectiveness during prolonged monitoring is lacking, however. To assess more accurately the long-term utility of this treatment modality for medically refractory supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (SVTs), 10 patients with atrially implanted ...
Resh W - - 1992
Adenosine has a well established negative chronotropic effect on the sinoatrial node. The most widely utilized test of sinus node function remains the sinus node recovery time (SNRT), which generally requires catheterization. We compared the effect of adenosine (150 mcg/kg IV) on the lengthening of sinus cycle length (ADO:SCL) in ...
Grech E D - - 1992
A 45 year old farmer was kicked in the chest by a horse. In the days following the injury episodic breathlessness developed and he was admitted to hospital with right ventricular failure and pulmonary emboli. Echocardiography showed global right ventricular dysfunction but a right ventricular mural thrombus, the likely source ...
Von Doersten P G - - 1992
Ventricular dysphonia is a poorly understood disorder involving ventricular fold participation during phonation. A population of ventricular dysphonia patients was evaluated using phonatory function studies such as laryngovideostroboscopy, advanced acoustic analysis, and electroglottography to identify shared epidemiologic characteristics and to discuss possible neuromuscular mechanisms and causes. Forty patients with ventricular ...
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