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Results 651 - 700 of 1111
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Anderson S H - - 1994
The effect of macromolecules from oviductal conditioned medium (CM) on sperm motility and capacitation was studied. Sperm pooled from three bulls was incubated in either luteal isthmic CM, luteal ampullary CM, estrual isthmic CM, estrual ampullary CM, or control medium (no CM) for 4 h. Sperm capacitation and motility were ...
Ingram J M - - 1994
The computer modem technology being developed by Datascope Corporation for the purpose of off-site intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) monitoring was clinically evaluated in 30 patients requiring IABP support. The Datascope System 95 model IABP with built-in modem was used on all patients. Remote communications via a personal computer with modem ...
Stoller S H - - 1994
PURPOSE: To derive normative data on eyelid position in primary gaze, upgaze, and downgaze in subjects of various ages. METHODS: Upper eyelid margin to corneal light reflex distance (uMRD), lower eyelid to corneal light reflex distance (IMRD), and vertical interpalpebral fissure (IPF) measurements were obtained on 50 healthy subjects. RESULTS: ...
Tahvonen R - - 1994
A total of 647 breads from nine bakeries were pooled into 48 representative samples. After wet digestion in concentrated HNO3, the contents of lead and cadmium were determined using electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry with Zeeman effect background correction and (NH4)H2PO4 matrix modification. The mean lead and cadmium contents found in ...
Schüppel R - - 1994
The patient we describe developed a cholestatic hepatitis and an unusual threshold elevation of about 425%, coincidently, 5 weeks after pacemaker implantation. Lead dislocation, myocardial infarction or metabolic disorder could be excluded as a reason for the pacemaker complication. Neither a biliary obstruction nor an infection of the liver could ...
Miwa A - - 1994
1. The antagonism by glibenclamide of the effects of KRN2391, cromakalim and nifedipine on coronary flow (CF) were compared in isolated perfused rat hearts. 2. KRN2391, cromakalim and nifedipine increased CF in a concentration-dependent manner. In the presence of glibenclamide, the concentration-effect curves on CF for KRN2391 and cromakalim shifted ...
Simons F E - - 1994
First-generation histamine H1-receptor antagonists, such as diphenhydramine, triprolidine, hydroxyzine or chlorpheniramine (chlorphenamine), frequently cause somnolence or other CNS adverse effects. Second-generation H1-antagonists, such as terfenadine, astemizole, loratadine and cetirizine, represent a true advance in therapeutics. In manufacturers' recommended doses, they have a more favourable benefit/risk ratio than their predecessors with ...
Sgarbossa E B - - 1994
Ventricular pacing (with loss of normal atrioventricular synchrony) has been considered to have a role in the development or progression of congestive heart failure (CHF) in patients with sick sinus syndrome (SSS). No rigorous study has tested this hypothesis. Five hundred seven consecutive patients with SSS who received an initial ...
Bush D E - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To review (1) Changes in cardiac impulse generation, conduction, and ventricular filling in normal aging and disease; (2) Pacemaker technology and nomenclature; (3) Expert guidelines about pacemaker use; (4) Studies of pacemaker effectiveness and utilization. DESIGN: Articles were identified through a Medline search, review of articles' bibliographies, and contact ...
Souliman S K - - 1994
It is well documented that radiation therapy can have significant transitory and permanent effects on the function of cardiac pacemakers. In this study 18 multiprogrammable pacemakers were tested to establish any pattern by which these pacemakers are affected. The results confirm previous predictions on how pacemakers are damaged. The damage ...
Chang A C - - 1994
Following successful RF ablation of the atrioventricular node (AVN), temporary pacing is necessary prior to insertion of a permanent pacemaker. The risks and inconvenience of temporary pacing could be avoided if a permanent pacemaker is already in place. This study reports the feasibility of RF ablation of the AVN in ...
Feinman R A - - 1994
This year is approximately the fifth year of controlled bleaching of vital teeth administered by the patient, and this practice still generates a great deal of discussion by the American Dental Association, the US Food and Drug Administration, the media, and general practitioners. The placement of a plastic carrier intraorally ...
Saragoussi J J - - 1994
Keratoconus suspect is a new clinical entity revealed by videokeratography. We perform systematic videokeratography on all candidates for refractive surgery, and have identified a keratoconus suspect in more than 10% of eyes. A lot of patients with undetected early keratoconus have been operated on since 1980. We suggest a possible ...
Zerella J T - - 1993
A newborn girl had no ganglion cells beyond 2 cm distal to the ligament of Treitz. The proximal jejunum was dilated. A jejunostomy constructed 46 cm distal to the ligament of Treitz functioned. A 28-cm jejunal segment was myectomized to augment enteral feeding. For almost 1 year she has been ...
Menozzi C - - 1993
The occurrence rate of spontaneous asystolic episodes during long-term follow-up in patients with abnormal asystolic responses induced by means of vasovagal maneuvers was evaluated. The heart rate of 23 patients (mean age 64 +/- 12 years; 6 women and 17 men) affected by neurally mediated syncope (mean 4.3 +/- 4.9 ...
Zohar Y - - 1993
We present 2 patients with sudden onset of dysphonia due to acute unilateral vocal cord paralysis that occurred during transvenous insertion of a permanent endocardial pacemaker. Acute paralysis of the vocal cord due to this kind of medical intervention is a very unusual complication that has been rarely reported. We ...
Auricchio A - - 1993
Medical therapy often fails to control symptoms of severe heart failure. The possibility of modifying to some degree the global ventricular performance with the implantation of a physiological dual chamber pacemaker, set with a short atrioventricular delay (100 msec), has been adopted in two patients with severe heart failure due ...
Cooney W P - - 1993
Arthrography and arthroscopy of the wrist were compared as diagnostic tools in the evaluation of chronic wrist pain. Arthroscopy proved to be a more sensitive procedure than arthrography in 20 consecutive patients with confirmed wrist injuries. There was 86% correlation (the exception--one false negative arthroscopic procedure) between arthroscopy and arthrography ...
Persani L - - 1993
Circulating TSH bioactivity may vary in several clinical and experimental conditions. Since the reliability of the current methods for the measurement of TSH bioactivity is limited, a new bioassay based on cAMP accumulation in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells transfected with recombinant human TSH receptor (CHO-R) was set up. The sensitivity ...
Meloni L - - 1993
Miniaturized probes constitute recent progress in the field of epicardial echocardiography. We recently used a new miniaturized probe, derived from a standard transesophageal probe, in a series of 12 adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery in order to test the possibility of obtaining new views for epicardial imaging. This study ...
Storm C J - - 1993
Complete lead fracture is a uncommon phenomenon in cardiac pacing. Recently we encountered a patient with a severed lead at routine pacemaker follow-up visit. In this case report, the typical ECG changes and noninvasive pacemaker measurements are discussed. The chest roentgengram showed the position of the proximal part of the ...
Asroff S W - - 1993
A 75-year-old man with complete heart block and a ventricular demand pacemaker with the generator in a left upper-quadrant subcutaneous pouch underwent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) for a 2-cm proximal right ureteral calculus, receiving 2000 shocks at 24 kV. There was no damage or malfunction of the pacemaker, and ...
Dickinson P S - - 1993
1. The cardiac sac network, which controls the rhythmic contractions of the cardiac sac in the foregut of crustaceans, is distributed throughout the stomatogastric nervous system, including the oesophageal ganglion (OG), the commissural ganglia (CGs), and the stomatogastric ganglion (STG). A red pigment-concentrating hormone (RPCH)-like peptide is likewise widely distributed. ...
Stroobandt R - - 1993
A new cause of pacemaker mediated tachycardia was observed in a patient equipped with a Vitatron Quintech 931 DDD pacemaker. In this type of pacemaker the microprocessor is switched off during the atrial refractory period. Beyond the recommended replacement time, the internal resistance of the battery may increase to such ...
Kreiner G - - 1993
The impact of a right bundle branch block (RBBB), inadvertently created prior to complete ablation of the atrioventricular (AV) junction, on the intrinsic subsidiary pacemaker function was investigated. In 31 patients suffering from intractable supraventricular tachyarrhythmia, catheter ablation of the AV junction was performed using direct current (n = 13) ...
Brown J R - - 1993
The study examines malathion aerosol cloud behavior in a North Florida pine flatwoods. Droplet mass median diameters (MMD) decreased over distance in both open and pine flatwoods. A sharp decrease in number of aerosol droplets per cm2 occurred between 3.1 and 15.2 m and a gradual decline in droplets per ...
Lammers W J - - 1993
The technique of multiple simultaneous recordings from a large number of extracellular electrodes (> 100) is currently used in the study of normal and abnormal electrical conduction in the heart and the genesis of cardiac arrhythmias. To investigate whether such a system could also be applied in gastrointestinal electrophysiology, several ...
Kuo K K - - 1993
When a patient has a pacemaker and requires operation, surgeons have to consider some possible intraoperative pacemaker complications induced by electrocautery. Electrocautery is commonly used during surgery to achieve hemostasis. However, this very effective tool may introduce innumerable problems in the paced patient, including irreversible damage to the pulse generator, ...
Refinetti R - - 1993
Cardiac contractions are under the influence of at least two processes of biological timing, one responsible for the mean level of heart rate (oscillations with a frequency of up to several hundred per minute) and another responsible for the circadian rhythm of heart rate (oscillations with a frequency of one ...
Hantson P - - 1993
A 61-year-old man without previous medical history was admitted for Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Carbamazepine was prescribed on day 72 for dysesthesia occurring at the time of recovery. Subsequently, severe cardiac conduction disturbances (asystole, atrioventricular block) were observed and a permanent pacemaker had to be inserted. The possible relationship between carbamazepine ...
Yu H - - 1993
I(f), the "cardiac pacemaker current," is a nonselective cation channel activated on hyperpolarization in primary and secondary pacemaker regions of the mammalian heart. The cardiac pacing rate can be modulated by shifting the activation of I(f) to more positive (faster pacing) or more negative (slower pacing) voltages. We report for ...
Van den Bergh F - - 1993
In fibroblasts of severely retarded (type I) adenylosuccinase (ASase)-deficient children, activities with the two substrates of the enzyme, succinylaminoimidazole carboxamide ribotide (succinyl-AICAR) and adenylosuccinate are decreased in parallel, to about 30% of normal. In a markedly less retarded (type II) patient, ASase activity with adenylosuccinate reaches only 3% of normal, ...
Yu T J - - 1993
Acute urinary retention in two adolescent girls with hematometrocolpos caused by imperforate hymen are reported. The accumulation of the menstrual blood in the vagina and uterus may form a mechanical effect on the urethra and bladder and lead to the obstructive urinary symptoms. Hymenotomy created individually by CO2 laser and ...
Hay W P - - 1993
An extralaryngeal approach to partial arytenoidectomy in the horse was developed by in vitro experiments on isolated larynges and then on intact equine cadavers. The goals of the approach were to preserve the laryngeal mucosa, eliminate the need for a laryngotomy or tracheotomy, and minimize postoperative complications. The new approach ...
Sutton R - - 1993
The symptom most frequently requiring investigation and consideration for cardiac pacing is syncope. This symptom is now receiving more attention than ever, mainly because of the advent of tilt table testing--a simple noninvasive procedure that has substantially reduced the number of syncopal patients remaining undiagnosed. The first part of this ...
Shandling A H - - 1992
Chronic overdrive suppression pacing has been suggested as an effective adjunctive method for reducing the incidence of cardiac tachyarrhythmias. Documentation of effectiveness during prolonged monitoring is lacking, however. To assess more accurately the long-term utility of this treatment modality for medically refractory supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (SVTs), 10 patients with atrially implanted ...
Resh W - - 1992
Adenosine has a well established negative chronotropic effect on the sinoatrial node. The most widely utilized test of sinus node function remains the sinus node recovery time (SNRT), which generally requires catheterization. We compared the effect of adenosine (150 mcg/kg IV) on the lengthening of sinus cycle length (ADO:SCL) in ...
Grech E D - - 1992
A 45 year old farmer was kicked in the chest by a horse. In the days following the injury episodic breathlessness developed and he was admitted to hospital with right ventricular failure and pulmonary emboli. Echocardiography showed global right ventricular dysfunction but a right ventricular mural thrombus, the likely source ...
Von Doersten P G - - 1992
Ventricular dysphonia is a poorly understood disorder involving ventricular fold participation during phonation. A population of ventricular dysphonia patients was evaluated using phonatory function studies such as laryngovideostroboscopy, advanced acoustic analysis, and electroglottography to identify shared epidemiologic characteristics and to discuss possible neuromuscular mechanisms and causes. Forty patients with ventricular ...
Connelly D T - - 1992
The use of evoked QT-interval and ventricular depolarization gradient as sensors for rate-responsive pacing is described in this article. The QT interval has been used as a biosensor in implantable pacemakers since 1981, and recent refinements have improved the rate response characteristics and simplified the programming of this pacemaker. Recently, ...
Sgarbossa E B EB Dept. of Cardiology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH - - 1992
In spite of a normal pacemaker function, syncope still occurs in some patients with sick sinus syndrome (SSS). Causes often remain unknown. To identify predictors and etiologies of this bothersome symptom, we studied 507 patients who received atrial, ventricular, and dual-chamber pacemakers for SSS. During a mean follow-up of 62 ...
Jafri S M - - 1992
Temporary cardiac pacing in the critical care setting can be a lifesaving intervention in a number of clinical situations. A variety of catheter types and pulse generators are available. Insertion techniques include the use of fluoroscopic imaging, intracavitary ECG monitoring, and blind advancement with surface ECG monitoring. This article focuses ...
Lau C P - - 1992
Although a long postventricular atrial refractory period (PVARP) may prevent the occurrence of pacemaker mediated tachycardias and inadvertent tracking of atrial arrhythmias in dual chamber (DDD) pacing, the maximum upper rate will necessarily be compromised. We tested the feasibility of using minute ventilation sensing in a dual chamber rate adaptive ...
Shakespeare C F - - 1992
Pacemaker technology has expanded rapidly in the last thirty years. Each phase of development has been marked by both improvements in clinical benefit and disadvantageous interactions of physiology and technology. Each phase of development has led to smaller, more reliable devices with greater programmability. Advances in generator technology and battery ...
Rekus J F - - 1992
Construction workers who weld, cut or blast structural steel coated with lead-based paint are at significant risk of lead poisoning. Although technology to control these exposures may not have existed when the lead standard was promulgated, it is available today. Employers who do not take steps to protect their employees ...
Negoescu R M - - 1992
The functional anatomy of the sinoatrial node (SAN) in man is first reviewed, together with its possible anatomical substructure. The true group pacemaker (PM) shift under autonomic drive is then related to a continuous competition between the intrinsic auto-firing period hierarchy and the autonomic topological susceptibility hierarchy. Accordingly, the PM ...
Tan U - - 1992
The associations among hand preference, hand skill (peg moving time, PMT) and hand performance (dot filling/20 s) were analyzed in left-handed subjects. In the total sample, the degree of left-hand preference linearly decreased from -100 to zero (Geschwind scores, GSs) as the number of dots placed by the right hand ...
Fredman C S - - 1992
We describe in this report an unusual form of Wenckebach upper rate response produced by a DDD pulse generator with atrial-based lower rate timing. The pacemaker maintained the programmed upper and lower rate intervals at the expense of a prolonged atrial paced-ventricular paced AV interval. This form of upper rate ...
Daniel G B - - 1992
Isolated equine granulocytes (WBC), radiolabeled with 99mTc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO) or 111In-oxine, were evaluated in vitro for their labeling characteristics, viability, and phagocytic function over a 6-hour postlabeling period. Mean +/- SD labeling efficiency for 111In-oxine-WBC was 62.2 +/- 15.3%, which was significantly (P less than 0.001) higher than that for ...
Berns E - - 1992
This report describes a case in which an implanted pacemaker programmed to perform noninvasive electrophysiology testing resulted in an unusual form of pacemaker mediated tachycardia. The method of chest wall stimulation was used by programming a unipolar, triggered pacing mode with a short refractory period. In the AAT mode, far-field ...
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