Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1072
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Arbane M - - 1999
A 76-year-old woman had a permanent transvenous DDDR pacemaker implanted for complete atrioventricular block. She was hospitalized 4 years later for recurrent transient ischaemic attacks related to dislodgment of the atrial lead into the left atrium through a patent foramen ovale. The patient was successfuly treated by transvenous extraction of ...
Roth B J - - 1999
If current is flowing in cardiac tissue, and if the myocardial fibres approach a sealed boundary at an angle, then the tissue within a few length constants of the boundary is polarised. This polarisation occurs when the cardiac tissue has different anisotropy ratios in the intracellular and extracellular spaces. This ...
Blum M - - 1999
During vertebrate embryonic development, the organs of the chest and abdomen, heart, lung and gastrointestinal tract, acquire characteristic asymmetric positions with respect to the left-right body axis. In the beginning of the 20th century Hans Spemann and his co-workers described manipulations of amphibian embryos which resulted in inversion of organ ...
Trigano J A - - 1999
This report describes a patient admitted for the treatment of a pocket infection occurring 5 months after a dual chamber pacemaker implantation. The ventricular lead had been inadvertently placed into the left ventricle through the arterial system. After careful examination using transesophageal echocardiography and left heart angiogram, successful percutaneous extraction ...
Cardall T Y - - 1999
Many people benefit from the implantation of cardiac pacemakers for management of certain cardiac dysrhythmias. These patients are seen regularly in the Emergency Department with a variety of pacemaker complications and malfunctions. The presence of a pacemaker may also affect management of unrelated medical problems. This, the second of a ...
Edgar D R - - 1999
Episodes of serious but infrequently occurring cardiac arrhythmias can be difficult to detect and analyse, even with modern Holter monitoring. A previous diagnostic pacemaker developed by this group provided VVI pacing therapy and recorded intracardiac ECG signals but had no atrial sensing or impedance measuring capability. A new external diagnostic ...
Grondin S - - 1999
Asymmetrical hand function was examined in the context of expert sports performance: hitting in professional baseball. An archival study was conducted to examine the batting performance of all Major League Baseball players from 1871 to 1992, focusing on those who batted left (n = 1,059) to neutralize the game asymmetry. ...
Kennergren C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Excimer Laser technique can be used to extract leads. We present the European multi-centre experience. METHOD: The Spectranetics Excimer Laser is a Xenon-Chloride laser with a wavelength of 308 nm, not visible to the human eye. This cool cutting laser (50 degrees C) has an absorption depth of 0.06 ...
Windmann S - - 1999
Performance on heartbeat counting tasks is usually interpreted in terms of cardiac sensitivity. We tested the hypothesis that heartbeat counting is influenced by beliefs about heart rates by dissociating beliefs about heart rates and actual heart rates. In a within-subjects design, heart rates of 50 patients with cardiac pacemakers were ...
Cardall T Y - - 1999
Many people benefit from the implantation of cardiac pacemakers for management of certain cardiac dysrhythmias. These patients are seen regularly in the emergency department with a variety of pacemaker complications and malfunctions. The presence of a pacemaker may also affect management of unrelated medical problems. This two-part series reviews the ...
Lowe M D - - 1999
The putative beta4-adrenoceptor mediates positive inotropic effects, action potential shortening and arrhythmias in ferret ventricle. Here we compared the affinity of carvedilol at the putative beta4-adrenoceptor and beta1-adrenoceptor, activated by (+/-)-CGP 12177 and (-)-isoprenaline, respectively. In paced right ventricular preparations, carvedilol (0.01-10 micromol/l) was a simple competitive antagonist of the ...
Janssens U - - 1999
Only few reports exist addressing the problem of temporary pacemaker leads associated with thromboembolic disease. We report the case of a 67-year-old patient who required a temporary transfemoral pacemaker due to AV block grade III. The patient developed extensive right atrial and ventricle thrombus formation attached to the pacing wire, ...
Wiegand U K - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Single lead VDD pacing has offered an alternative to DDD systems in patients with isolated AV block. Up to now, however, the relative performance of these pacemaker systems was not systematically compared. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three hundred sixty patients who received either a VDD pacemaker (n = 180) or ...
Saoudi N - - 1999
The concept of the "smart" pacemaker has been continuously changing during 40 years of progress in technology. When we talk today about smart pacemakers, it means optimal treatment, diagnosis, and follow-up for patients fitting the current indications for pacemakers. So what is smart today becomes accepted as "state of the ...
Klatt S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Visceral hypersensitivity is claimed to be involved in the pathogenesis of nonulcer dyspepsia (NUD). In a double-blind crossover study, we evaluated the effects of tropisetron, a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, on gastric accommodation, reflex relaxation, and sensitivity in NUD patients. METHODS: Eight patients and 10 healthy controls received placebo or ...
Barold S S - - 1999
A patient with a Pacesetter Paragon III DDD pacemaker exhibited sustained pacemaker inhibition at rates below the programmed lower rate during sinus rhythm with marked first degree AV block. In this device, a pacemaker defined ventricular extrasystole initiates automatic extension of the postventricular atrial refractory period to 480 ms and ...
Aimè E - - 1999
A case of 28-year-old woman with Ebstein's anomaly and complete AV block, requiring a permanent dual-chamber pacemaker implantation, is described. The ventricular lead was successfully placed in the right ventricular outflow tract and there was no problem associated with positioning of the atrial electrode in the right atrial appendage, with ...
Iskos D - - 1999
Acute passive fixation atrial lead dislodgment occurred due to an unexpected and marked postural descent of the heart after permanent pacemaker implantation in two patients. Sagging of the heart in these two individuals may have been related to a history of morbid obesity followed by weight loss of over 100 ...
Glikson M - - 1999
Current use of newer implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) has changed the spectrum of pacemaker-ICD interactions and provided new tools for testing and understanding those interactions. Testing for pacemaker-ICD interactions was performed in 31 procedures involving 22 patients. The protocol included: (1) evaluation of pacemaker stimulus artifact amplitude and its ratio to ...
Barr J D - - 1999
PURPOSE: To compare the catheter adhesion properties of 2-hexyl cyanoacrylate (Neuracryl M), a new agent, to those of normal butyl cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl), the most widely used liquid acrylic agent for microcatheter embolization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 2-hexyl cyanoacrylate (Neuracryl M1) was tested in pure form and mixed with either a proprietary ...
Solomon A J - - 1999
The most common indication for a permanent pacemaker is symptomatic bradycardia. An atrial-based pacemaker (dual-chamber or atrial) usually is preferred, except in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. Several prospective, randomized trials recently have been completed to evaluate new indications for permanent pacemakers. A dual-chamber pacemaker with an optimal atrioventricular interval ...
Havránek V - - 1999
A comparison of instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and proton-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) results for size-fractionated atmospheric aerosols ("coarse" and "fine" fractions with an equivalent aerodynamic diameter of 2-10 microns and < 2 microns, respectively, or the PM10 fraction) showed that PIXE yielded significantly lower results for the PM10 and ...
Van Gossum A - - 1998
Trace elements are involved in enzymatic activities, immunological reactions, physiological mechanisms and carcinogenesis. Deficiency in some trace elements, such as iron and iodine, is still an important health problem, especially in developing countries. Some groups of individuals are more likely to develop trace element deficiency. The role of trace elements ...
Goldman D S - - 1998
A patient with refractory bradycardia dependent polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PMVT) underwent permanent pacemaker placement for suppression of her arrhythmia. Following implant, the patient had recurrent PMVT. Interrogation of the device revealed a factory programmed feature (+ PVARP on PVC) designed to prevent pacemaker-mediated tachycardia that led to cycle length variability ...
Philbin D M - - 1998
Although the potential for transcutaneous electronic nerve stimulation (TENS) units to interfere with appropriate function of cardiac pacemakers is well documented, an adverse interaction between a TENS unit and an ICD has never been reported. We describe a patient in whom a TENS unit created an electrical artifact that was ...
Ruch D S - - 1998
The use of hip arthroscopy is documented as a means of determining accurate placement for core decompression of the femoral head. The authors describe the technique whereby the patient is placed on the fracture table in the supine position and the guide wire for the core decompression is inserted into ...
Veitch A - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Malfunction of cardiac pacemakers related to diathermy in surgical procedures has been reported, but the risks of endoscopic diathermy in pacemaker patients is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate current practice amongst British gastroenterologists regarding endoscopy in cardiac pacemaker patients. METHODS: An anonymous ...
Bel A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The accurate performance of coronary anastomoses on the beating heart requires some form of myocardial immobilization that can be achieved pharmacologically. Different classes of drugs can be used to induce bradycardia, but the most effective in this setting of off-pump operation has not yet been determined. METHODS: Fifty-six isolated ...
Lewis J W JW - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The requirement for permanent pacemaker implantation after most initial cardiac surgical procedures generally is less than 3%. To identify the incidence and factors related to permanent pacemaker need after repeat cardiac surgery, we retrospectively studied 558 consecutive patients undergoing at least one repeat cardiac operation. METHOD: Univariable and multivariable ...
Xie B - - 1998
Implantation of a permanent pacemaker is the most commonly performed surgical operation involving the heart. The modern cardiac pacemaker is a complex device that can sense and pace in both the atrium and ventricle. It also modulates the pacing rate based on sensed physiologic parameters. This article reviews the fundamental ...
Glikson M - - 1998
Numerous types of interactions between pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have been described. Pacemaker outputs preventing appropriate detection of ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation by the ICD is one of the more serious. Asynchronous pacemaker activity during ventricular arrhythmias may be caused by either nonsensing of the arrhythmia or ...
Hildick-Smith D J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes of pacemaker upgrade from single chamber ventricular to dual chamber. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing the procedure. SETTING: Specialist cardiothoracic unit. PATIENTS: 44 patients (15 female, 29 male), mean (SD) age at upgrade 68.2 (12.9) years. INTERVENTIONS: Upgrade of single chamber ventricular to dual chamber ...
Beitler A L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Esophagogastric anastomotic leaks continue to be a major source of morbidity and mortality after esophagectomy. Leaks usually result from technical errors or occult ischemia of the mobilized gastric fundus. The introduction of stapled esophagogastric anastomoses was initially very promising; leak rates appeared to be reduced. DATA SOURCES: The English ...
Preusser D F - - 1998
Fatal crash-involved drivers of passenger vehicles were identified in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System for the period 1990 through 1995. Each driver was categorized as being alone in the vehicle at the time of the crash or with one or more passengers. Drivers at fault or responsible for crash occurrence ...
Wax J R - - 1998
We sought to determine whether an association exists between the location of intracardiac echogenic foci and fetal aneuploidy or structural cardiac lesions. A search of the English language literature since 1980 revealed nine studies reporting location of intracardiac echogenic foci, fetal chromosomal abnormalities, and cardiac anomalies. Aneuploidy was noted in ...
Lin L J - - 1998
In order to assess the incidence of significant venous thrombosis after transvenous permanent pacemaker implantation, transcutaneous ultrasound studies were performed in 109 consecutive patients with single-polyurethane-lead pacemakers. Ultrasonic evaluation was found to be a good noninvasive method in assessing the veins. Six patients (5.5%) were found to have significant venous ...
Ceriani F - - 1998
We report the case of an 84-year-old lady who, after a right temporo-parietal infarction, complained of seeing things smaller than she expected. She also related that straight lines appeared distorted and described seeing colours as if they were a badly mixed assemblage of hues. Her visual field was normal except ...
McGrouther D A - - 1998
A pilot study was performed to demonstrate the involvement of the epidermal innervation in cutaneous neurogenic inflammation following injury or skin incision. Scratching human skin is known to evoke an inflammatory reaction dependent in part on sensory nerves (neurogenic inflammation) in the dermis. Human breast skin from four patients was ...
Stafford B J - - 1998
Carpal morphology and development in bats, colugos, tree shrews, murids, and sciurids were studied in order to homologize carpal elements. Prenatal coalescence of discrete cartilaginous templates with a loss of a center of ossification appears to be the most common method of reducing carpal elements in these mammals. Only bats ...
Mattke S - - 1997
We developed criteria for implantation and programming of permanent endocardial pacemakers in patients with a nonthoracotomy ICD system. These criteria were prospectively used in 10 patients who recieved an ICD prior to (n = 5) or following (n = 5) implantation of a dual chamber (n = 6) or ventricular ...
Sadoul N - - 1997
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of radiofrequency energy application on implanted pacemaker functions. Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation may cause pacemaker dysfunction due to electromagnetic interferences. The effects of RF on pacemaker behavior were studied in a series of 38 pacemakers, implanted 18 +/- 26 months ...
Mosseri M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The cause of severe cardiac conduction disturbances is often uncertain. The aim of this study was to examine a group of patients with permanent pacemakers who underwent coronary arteriography to determine the extent of coronary atherosclerotic disease that might be responsible for the conduction disturbances. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-three ...
Unverdorben M - - 1997
In a patient with proven myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease was excluded angiographically. Four weeks later the patient experienced recurrent syncope of unknown cause. By means of Holter monitoring, ST-segment elevation with subsequent first-degree AV block progressing to asystole and resulting in loss of consciousness were documented. Treatment with gallopamil ...
Johnsrude C L - - 1997
Postoperative bradycardia is not uncommon following the Fontan procedure in patients with a functional single ventricle. The surgical connections created with various Fontan modifications may complicate access to the atria for transvenous implantation of a permanent pacemaker. We describe approaches to overcoming problems with atrial access in an adolescent with ...
Ohtsuka T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Thoracoscopic internal mammary artery (IMA) harvest is technically demanding, particularly on the left side. We have devised a Harmonic Scalpel (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Cincinnati, OH) technique to facilitate this procedure, and describe our clinical experience here. METHODS: The Harmonic Scalpel functions with ultrasonic energy, producing less smoke and lower heat ...
Antonelli D - - 1997
A 35-year-old patient underwent permanent pacemaker implantation because of symptomatic sinus bradycardia. During the procedure, persistent left superior vena cava was found. The ventricular lead crossed the tricuspid valve only after curving the stylet to form a loop in the right atrium (RA); subsequently, the curved stylet was changed to ...
Takauchi Y - - 1997
This study describes a high-performance liquid chromatographic method with electrochemical detection (HPLC-ED) for monitoring dihydroxyphenylglycol (DHPG) in the myocardial interstitial space. Using a cardiac dialysis technique, 10-microl dialysates were sampled from the myocardial interstitial space (1-min fractions) and were injected directly into the HPLC-ED system. The in vitro quantification limit ...
Zachara E - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: A familial case of restrictive cardiomyopathy due to desmin accumulation characterized by severe disturbances of cardiac conduction is described. BACKGROUND: Desmin is an intermediate filament normally present in the myocardium, particularly in the Purkinje fibres, in the skeletal and in the smooth muscle. METHODS: Resting electrocardiogram, 2-dimensional and Doppler ...
Barold S S - - 1997
During dual chamber pacing, repetitive ventriculoatrial (VA) synchrony secondary to retrograde conduction can occur whenever otherwise effectual atrial stimuli fall continually within the atrial myocardial refractory period generated by preceding unsensed retrograde atrial depolarization. The latter falls within the pacemaker atrial refractory period and cannot initiate endless loop tachycardia, another ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >