Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 995
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Miller G L - - 1996
This is the first reported case of cardiac tamponade presumed to be caused by postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) following endocardial pacemaker placement. An 84-year-old woman developed fever and dyspnea 3 weeks after pacemaker placement. Physical examination revealed hypotension, tachycardia, and pulsus paradoxus. Auscultation revealed clear lungs and diminished heart sounds. The ...
Doherty J G - - 1996
A seventy year old woman had a permanent VVI pacemaker inserted in 1983 for complete heart block and presented ten years later with purulent discharge from the generator pocket. During a prolonged pyrexial illness, she developed renal and respiratory failure and her illness was complicated by recurrent ventricular fibrillation. The ...
Haffajee C - - 1996
As implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are strictly contraindicated in the presence of unipolar pacemakers, currently available options in patients having such chronic pacing systems include: abandoning the implanted pacemaker and selecting an ICD with ventricular demand (VVI) pacing; or replacing the chronic (dual chamber) unipolar pacing system with a dedicated ...
Chalana V - - 1996
Tracing of left-ventricular epicardial and endocardial borders on echocardiographic sequences is essential for quantification of cardiac function. The authors designed a method based on an extension of active contour models to detect both epicardial and endocardial borders on short-axis cardiac sequences spanning the entire cardiac cycle. They validated the results ...
Seo K - - 1996
Indirect inhibition of an external temporary pacemaker by electrocautery is reported. Before induction of general anesthesia for a hemimaxillectomy and radical neck dissection, a temporary transvenous demand pacemaker was inserted into a patient with a first-degree atrioventricular block and complete left bundle-branch block. Although we provided common precautions to prevent ...
Vanderheyden M - - 1996
The search for a pacemaker that accurately and easily mimics normal physiology is a continuing effort. Present pacing developments include AV synchrony and rate adaptiveness. The usefulness and clinical value of some of the new pacing systems remain unclear. Although the hemodynamic advantages of rate responsive pacing over classical ventricular ...
Shay S S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of three postures (upright and left and right recumbent) on gastroesophageal reflux event (RE) frequency and composition and a possible mechanism for the observations. METHODS: A) Forty fasting patients with (E+, n = 20) and without (E-, n =20) esophagitis were studied. Simultaneous manometry and ...
Kolker A R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The comparative safety of central venous puncture versus cutdown technique for access to the right heart. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A retrospective review of five hundred and fifty-five single and dual chamber permanent pacemaker implants performed between January of 1987 and December of 1993. SETTING: Review was performed at St. Vincent's ...
Henderson D - - 1995
A 79-year-old patient with a permanent DDD pacemaker due to a complete AV block and severe bradycardia was seen with complaints of syncope. A surface ECG rhythm strip verified the loss of ventricular output with 6-second periods of asystole. Subsequent investigation using the pacemaker's annotated event markers and multiple polarity ...
Namura M - - 1995
A 50-year-old woman was transported to a hospital complaining of marked general malaise and epigastralgia with diarrhea and vomiting. Her electrocardiogram showed sinus arrest with a duration of nearly 8 sec. Atrial pacing with an external pacemaker improved her symptoms promptly. Following transfer to our hospital 3 days later, bradyarrhythmia ...
Kalman J M - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The sinus P wave arises from a pacemaker complex distributed along the crista terminalis. We investigated the feasibility of modification of sinus pacemaker function using graded applications of radiofrequency energy along the crista terminalis in dogs to achieve sinus rate control. METHODS AND RESULTS: Modification of sinus pacemaker function ...
O'Mahony D - - 1995
Carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CSH) is recognised in up to 45% of elderly patients with syncope, falls, and dizziness that may not be attributed to specific myocardial sinus node dysfunction, various diseases that affect pacemaker activity, cardiac output and blood supply to the brain. The pathophysiology of CSH is unclear but ...
Tylki-SzymaƄska A - - 1995
Three boys with mucopolysaccharidosis type III A (Sanfilippo) entered puberty at the ages of 5.9, 6.6 and 9.6 years. The diagnosis of central precocious puberty (GnRH-dependent) was established on the basis of pubertal levels of basal and GnRH-stimulated gonadotropins, LH and FSH. All the patients were tall from early infancy, ...
Monsieurs K G - - 1995
Many emergency medical service (EMS) systems are currently implementing semi-automatic external defibrillation (AED) by emergency medical technicians. Surprisingly little information is available on the possible interactions between AEDs and implanted cardiac pacemakers. Therefore, at present there are no clear guidelines for the use of AEDs on patients having a cardiac ...
Barbaro V - - 1995
A series of in vivo trials were carried out in order to verify whether the electromagnetic field radiated by GSM (Groupe Systemes Mobiles) mobile cellular phones might affect implanted pacemakers. Two European GSM phones of 2-watt power were tested and trials conducted on 101 pacemaker implanted outpatients attending day hospital ...
Als C - - 1995
Annual occurrences of immunogenic (IH) and non-immunogenic hyperthyroidism (NIH) between Berne (1976, 1982, 1991) and Szczecin (1973, 1980, 1991) were compared. Out of 21,025 patients referred for thyroid examinations, 10.1% (average) were hyperthyroid. In Berne (former endemic goiter region) and Szczecin (without goiter endemicity) IH occurred in 41% and 68%, ...
Baller M R - - 1995
Pacemakers and the underlying pathophysiologies leading to their implantation present challenges to the anesthetist. This case report discusses the anesthetic management of a patient with an implanted pacemaker. A case is presented of an 80-year-old female who was found unresponsive in a parking lot. She was diagnosed with a right ...
Carlisle D M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: We explore the contribution of income and ethnicity to geographic variation in utilization of surgical procedures. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: We assessed the use of eight procedures from 1986 through 1988 among residents of Los Angeles County using data from the California Discharge Dataset, the 1980 census, and other secondary ...
Rakovec P - - 1995
Shifts in sinus node pacemaker complex may occur spontaneously, but occurrence of clinically relevant shifts is very rare. In this report, three patients (2 are siblings) with a history of palpitations and nearly permanent shifts in sinus node pacemaker complex are presented. Often, but not always, the pacemaker shifts followed ...
Perrin F M - - 1995
The effect of diethylstilboestrol on gonad development in quail embryos has been quantitatively analysed. Quail embryos at 4 days of incubation were treated with diethylstilboestrol (DES), using the egg dipping method. At 10 days of incubation, embryos were removed and killed by decapitation. Tissues were prepared for chromosome analysis, and ...
Tang C - - 1995
To assess the potential value of multi-shot EPI relative to segmented k-space SPGR for myocardial tagging, we measured tag contrast for both sequences in a phantom and human study and compared it with theoretical predictions. In the human heart, EPI tag contrast was three times that of SPGR at the ...
Vicenzi M N - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Management of patients with sinus node dysfunction must consider the stability of subsidiary pacemakers during anesthesia and treatment with antimuscarinic or sympathomimetic drugs. Baroreflex regulation of atrial pacemaker function is known to contribute to the interactions between inhalation anesthetics and catecholamines. Sinoatrial (SA) node excision can be a model ...
Vallar G - - 1995
The effects of transcutaneous electrical stimulation on left visuo-spatial hemineglect, assessed by a visuo-motor exploratory task (letter cancellation), were investigated in patients with right hemisphere lesions. In Experiment 1 left neck stimulation temporarily improved the deficit in 13 out of 14 patients (93%), while stimulation of the right neck had ...
Mohan P - - 1995
The endocardial endothelium (EE) modulates the performance of the subjacent myocardium and plays an important role in regulation of cardiac function. This modulation has been confirmed in a number of different species and in both in vitro and in vivo conditions. The mechanisms of EE modulation of myocardial performance are ...
Perry G Y - - 1995
Two cases of transient pacemaker failure to sense and capture during angiography are reported. This phenomenon is due to a transient increase in sensing and pacing thresholds beyond the pacemakers programmed settings. The underlying mechanism may be related to blood displacement, the electrochemical properties of the injectate, the high concentration ...
Bartlett C M - - 1995
Adult females of Strongyloides robustus Chandler, 1942, a parasite of sciurids in North America, were found in the duodenal mucosa of 30 of 32 red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (Erxleben)) collected in Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. The parasitic female is illustrated and redescribed; characteristics include: body 3.8-8.0 mm long, ...
Benditt D G - - 1994
PURPOSE: To review the status of artificial sensors in cardiac pacemakers and the rationale for developing pacing systems that use multiple sensors. DATA SOURCES: Journal articles published between 1982 and 1993 indexed in MEDLINE using the keywords pacemakers, sensors, and rate-adaptive, as well as abstracts and articles in the authors' ...
Babuty D - - 1994
The increasing number of heart transplant patients requires that physicians be able to recognize the electrocardiographic (ECG) and electrophysiologic properties of cardiac allografts. Cardiac allografts are characterized by modifications of resting ECGs and frequent arrhythmias in the postoperative period, and the loss of autonomic nervous control illustrated by permanent tachycardia ...
Smith C W - - 1994
PURPOSE: To develop improved methods of extracting pacemaker electrodes from the femoral vein by using standard equipment and techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pacemaker electrodes were removed from 61 patients aged 21-91 years (mean, 68 years). In 25 patients (41%), traction was applied to locking stylets to remove electrodes at the ...
Mallon E - - 1994
Three possible mechanisms of the hair shaft abnormality in cheveux incoiffables have been investigated in nine patients. Cheveux incoiffables hairs were found to exhibit a normal distribution of cystine-rich protein within both the cuticle and the cortex, as determined by silver methenamine ultrastructural cytochemistry. Resistance to stretching, at 65% relative ...
Deyo J A - - 1994
Monocrotaline (MCT) is a pyrrolizidine alkaloid which has been shown to induce immunotoxicity in mice. We hypothesized that metabolic activation of MCT by mixed-function oxygenases (MFO) to dehydromonocrotaline (MCTP) is a prerequisite for its immunotoxicity, as has been shown for other toxic effects of MCT. To test this hypothesis, we ...
Cazeau S - - 1994
The extension of random access memory now makes it possible to store electrocardiographic (ECG) information, referred to here as Holter function (HF), in the memories of new pacemakers, which can be used as diagnostic tools during long-term follow-up. This report describes our experience in 26 consecutive patients for whom the ...
Frielingsdorf J - - 1994
The effect of atrial contraction on cardiac function is reviewed in patients with dual chamber and rate-responsive ventricular pacemakers. The question posed was is there any haemodynamic, clinical or prognostic advantage of AV synchrony in dual chamber pacemakers in comparison to rate-responsive ventricular pacemakers? Optimal AV delay in dual chamber ...
Sharifi M - - 1994
Three patients with inadvertently positioned left heart pacemaker leads were admitted for neurological symptoms consistent with embolic stroke. In one of them, the pacemaker lead crossed the interatrial septum, the mitral valve, and entered the left ventricle. In another it was erroneously placed through the subclavian artery, across the aortic ...
Anderson S H - - 1994
The effect of macromolecules from oviductal conditioned medium (CM) on sperm motility and capacitation was studied. Sperm pooled from three bulls was incubated in either luteal isthmic CM, luteal ampullary CM, estrual isthmic CM, estrual ampullary CM, or control medium (no CM) for 4 h. Sperm capacitation and motility were ...
Ingram J M - - 1994
The computer modem technology being developed by Datascope Corporation for the purpose of off-site intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) monitoring was clinically evaluated in 30 patients requiring IABP support. The Datascope System 95 model IABP with built-in modem was used on all patients. Remote communications via a personal computer with modem ...
Stoller S H - - 1994
PURPOSE: To derive normative data on eyelid position in primary gaze, upgaze, and downgaze in subjects of various ages. METHODS: Upper eyelid margin to corneal light reflex distance (uMRD), lower eyelid to corneal light reflex distance (IMRD), and vertical interpalpebral fissure (IPF) measurements were obtained on 50 healthy subjects. RESULTS: ...
Tahvonen R - - 1994
A total of 647 breads from nine bakeries were pooled into 48 representative samples. After wet digestion in concentrated HNO3, the contents of lead and cadmium were determined using electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry with Zeeman effect background correction and (NH4)H2PO4 matrix modification. The mean lead and cadmium contents found in ...
Schüppel R - - 1994
The patient we describe developed a cholestatic hepatitis and an unusual threshold elevation of about 425%, coincidently, 5 weeks after pacemaker implantation. Lead dislocation, myocardial infarction or metabolic disorder could be excluded as a reason for the pacemaker complication. Neither a biliary obstruction nor an infection of the liver could ...
Miwa A - - 1994
1. The antagonism by glibenclamide of the effects of KRN2391, cromakalim and nifedipine on coronary flow (CF) were compared in isolated perfused rat hearts. 2. KRN2391, cromakalim and nifedipine increased CF in a concentration-dependent manner. In the presence of glibenclamide, the concentration-effect curves on CF for KRN2391 and cromakalim shifted ...
Simons F E - - 1994
First-generation histamine H1-receptor antagonists, such as diphenhydramine, triprolidine, hydroxyzine or chlorpheniramine (chlorphenamine), frequently cause somnolence or other CNS adverse effects. Second-generation H1-antagonists, such as terfenadine, astemizole, loratadine and cetirizine, represent a true advance in therapeutics. In manufacturers' recommended doses, they have a more favourable benefit/risk ratio than their predecessors with ...
Sgarbossa E B - - 1994
Ventricular pacing (with loss of normal atrioventricular synchrony) has been considered to have a role in the development or progression of congestive heart failure (CHF) in patients with sick sinus syndrome (SSS). No rigorous study has tested this hypothesis. Five hundred seven consecutive patients with SSS who received an initial ...
Bush D E - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To review (1) Changes in cardiac impulse generation, conduction, and ventricular filling in normal aging and disease; (2) Pacemaker technology and nomenclature; (3) Expert guidelines about pacemaker use; (4) Studies of pacemaker effectiveness and utilization. DESIGN: Articles were identified through a Medline search, review of articles' bibliographies, and contact ...
Souliman S K - - 1994
It is well documented that radiation therapy can have significant transitory and permanent effects on the function of cardiac pacemakers. In this study 18 multiprogrammable pacemakers were tested to establish any pattern by which these pacemakers are affected. The results confirm previous predictions on how pacemakers are damaged. The damage ...
Chang A C - - 1994
Following successful RF ablation of the atrioventricular node (AVN), temporary pacing is necessary prior to insertion of a permanent pacemaker. The risks and inconvenience of temporary pacing could be avoided if a permanent pacemaker is already in place. This study reports the feasibility of RF ablation of the AVN in ...
Feinman R A - - 1994
This year is approximately the fifth year of controlled bleaching of vital teeth administered by the patient, and this practice still generates a great deal of discussion by the American Dental Association, the US Food and Drug Administration, the media, and general practitioners. The placement of a plastic carrier intraorally ...
Saragoussi J J - - 1994
Keratoconus suspect is a new clinical entity revealed by videokeratography. We perform systematic videokeratography on all candidates for refractive surgery, and have identified a keratoconus suspect in more than 10% of eyes. A lot of patients with undetected early keratoconus have been operated on since 1980. We suggest a possible ...
Zerella J T - - 1993
A newborn girl had no ganglion cells beyond 2 cm distal to the ligament of Treitz. The proximal jejunum was dilated. A jejunostomy constructed 46 cm distal to the ligament of Treitz functioned. A 28-cm jejunal segment was myectomized to augment enteral feeding. For almost 1 year she has been ...
Menozzi C - - 1993
The occurrence rate of spontaneous asystolic episodes during long-term follow-up in patients with abnormal asystolic responses induced by means of vasovagal maneuvers was evaluated. The heart rate of 23 patients (mean age 64 +/- 12 years; 6 women and 17 men) affected by neurally mediated syncope (mean 4.3 +/- 4.9 ...
Zohar Y - - 1993
We present 2 patients with sudden onset of dysphonia due to acute unilateral vocal cord paralysis that occurred during transvenous insertion of a permanent endocardial pacemaker. Acute paralysis of the vocal cord due to this kind of medical intervention is a very unusual complication that has been rarely reported. We ...
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