Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1075
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Heath M - - 2001
The model of apraxia proposed by Roy (1996) states that three patterns of apraxia should be observed across pantomime and imitation conditions. In the present analysis the frequency and severity of each pattern of apraxia were examined in a consecutive sample of left-(LHD) and right-hemisphere-damaged (RHD) patients during the production ...
Nayak A K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Minute ventilation responsive rate adaptive pacemaker improves exercise performance in the patients with chronotropic insufficiency. The usual complications of these pacemakers are related to pacemaker implantation, rather than to the rate adaptive function. CASE REPORT: We report a patient with mitral stenosis and atrial fibrillation with a VVIR pacemaker, ...
Tang J B - - 2001
Immediate active mobilization of repaired tendons is thought to be the most effective way to restore function of injured flexor tendons. Sixty human flexor digitorum profundus tendons were used to evaluate techniques for active tendon motion. The tendons were divided equally into six groups, and each group was assigned to ...
Harrigan R A - - 2001
Atrioventricular (AV) dissociation is an electrocardiographic syndrome; a descriptive term for a variety of conditions of abnormal cardiac conduction which all feature independent function of the atria and ventricles. AV dissociation can be subclassified as AV dissociation by default (an independent ventricular pacemaker responds to slowing of the dominant atrial ...
Arthur W - - 2001
A patient with congestive heart failure and an ICD had undergone atrioventricular nodal ablation and optimization of heart failure medical therapy. Intracardiac T wave sensing by the ICD drew attention to the new development of asymptomatic hyperkalemia. Surface ECG features of hyperkalemia were not readily identified due to pacemaker dependence.
Yu H Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Human oscillator is observed in and outside the nervous system. Cardiac rhythm is generated by heart itself but can be modulated by brain. Using the technique of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and resetting index, we studied if single-pulse TMS could reset the cardiac rhythm and help differentiate oscillator of ...
Lai C L - - 2001
A 23-year-old woman with craniofacial hyperhidrosis underwent bilateral thoracoscopic T2-sympathectomy. Marked sinus bradycardia with a mean heart rate of 49 beats/min by Holter ECG monitoring occurred after the procedure and persisted for > 2 years. Normal sinus node function was found by an invasive electrophysiological study and unopposed vagotonia after ...
Glikson M - - 2001
Pacing is a field of rapid clinical progress and technologic advances. Clinical progress in the 1990s included the refinement of indications for pacing as well as the use of pacemakers for new, nonbradycardiac indications, such as the treatment of cardiomyopathies and CHF and the prevention of atrial fibrillation. Important published ...
Holger J S - - 2001
Determining electrical capture when using an external cardiac pacemaker is often difficult and confusing, especially when the resulting clinical signs of an effective blood pressure and pulse are inadequate or nondetectable. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of using 2-dimensional ultrasound (US) in determining the presence ...
Bengtsson J - - 2001
METHODS: Fourteen children aged 4-15 months were studied after corrective cardiac surgery. Heart rate was increased by 20% with an external pacemaker. Cardiac output (CO) was measured with thermodilution. Oxygen saturation was measured in systemic artery (SaO2), central vein (ScvcO2) and pulmonary artery (SvO2). Inspiratory to endtidal oxygen difference (FI-ETO2) ...
Barold S S - - 2001
Ventriculoatrial (VA) synchrony during dual chamber pacing can occur in any patient who has the ability to sustain repeated retrograde conduction. If the retrograde P wave is sensed, the result will be an endless loop tachycardia or repetitive reentrant VA synchrony. VA synchrony can also occur when a dual chamber ...
Ananthasubramaniam K - - 2001
An 84-year-old man with a history of permanent pacemaker placement had a preoperative cardiac evaluation for prostate cancer surgery. The patient was asymptomatic, and the results of a physical examination were consistent with a right bundle branch block, which was confirmed by electro-cardiogram as his paced rhythm. A chest radiograph ...
Chamberlain M C - - 2001
Leptomeningeal metastases (LMs) are common metastatic complications, occurring in at least 5% of patients with disseminated cancer. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology remains the standard for diagnosis and assessment of treatment response, but may be inadequate. Our objective was to compare ventricular and lumbar CSF cytology in patients who had cytologically ...
Panja M - - 2000
In recent years, the indications for permanent pacemakers have expanded. The interest has focussed on hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy and a new entity called hypertensive hypertrophy with cavity obliteration (HHCO). Pacemaker therapy is establishing itself for the prevention of atrial fibrillation. Pacing for neurocardiogenic syncope with newer pacing mode has ...
Birnie D - - 2000
Persistent left superior vena cava with coexisting absent right superior vena cava is rare with less than 150 cases in the literature. Various techniques for pacemaker implantation have been described in this situation. We report a 40-year-old man with sinus and atrioventricular nodal dysfunction who underwent dual chamber pacemaker implantation. ...
Batur M K - - 2000
Transvenous placement of a right ventricular pacemaker lead through the artificial tricuspid valve is a known contraindication, and in this situation, epicardial pacemaker implantation is the procedure of choice. However, permanent pacemaker implantation is a subject for debate when the use of the epicardial route is impossible. This report describes ...
Sanders R H - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to compare the forward two and one half somersault dive in a pike position (105B) performed by females (n=25) and the forward three and one half somersault dive in a pike position (107B) performed by males (n=25) to determine changes required by females to ...
Benchimol D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The number of patients with pacemakers has been increasing and a large number of them will present with chest pain or symptoms suggesting angina pectoris. Myocardial ischemia and presence of coronary artery disease are difficult to detect and assess by noninvasive methods in patients with a pacemaker; the electrocardiogram ...
Arand M - - 2000
In this study, the three-dimensional stabilizing capabilities of the AO-Internal Fixator (IF) and the new Universal Spine System (USS) were investigated. Both devices were tested without and with the cross-link system (IF, IFC, USS, USSC). To determine biomechanical characteristics, a human thoracolumbar spine instability model with resection of the vertebral ...
Markou T - - 2000
Combined intracellular and extracellular recordings from various parts of the isolated dorsal vessel of Tenebrio molitor revealed some of the following electrophysiological properties of the heart and the aorta. (i) The wave of depolarization causing forward pulsation of the dorsal vessel was always transmitted from posterior to anterior, with a ...
Steinberg S D - - 2000
Early dislodgment or malfunction of pacemaker leads can result in significant morbidity and therefore must be corrected promptly. We describe a method of changing pacemaker leads that is atraumatic, maintains central venous access, and eliminates the need for venipuncture. Our technique is simple, highly reproducible, and can be performed with ...
Duru F - - 2000
Continuous monitoring of pacemaker stimulation thresholds and automatic adjustment of pacemaker outputs were among the longstanding goals of the pacing community. The first clinically successful implementation of threshold tracking pacing was the Autocapture feature which has accomplished automatic ventricular capture verification for every single stimulus by monitoring the Evoked Response ...
Chou T M - - 2000
A patient who had undergone bypass surgery 5 yr earlier, including left internal mammary artery (LIMA) grafting to the left anterior descending artery, underwent transvenous dual-chamber permanent pacemaker implantation for persistent advanced atrioventricular block. Intraoperative LIMA graft obstruction occurred, resulting in anterior myocardial infarction that was treated successfully by primary ...
Habicht J M - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to determine the incidence and clinical significance of late cardiac conduction defects (CD) after aortic valve replacement (AVR). METHODS: An analysis was made of 100 consecutive cases after AVR in a prospective outpatient evaluation program. RESULTS: The perioperative (30-day) mortality ...
Barold S S - - 2000
The consequences of a short 160 ms postventricular atrial refractory period (PVARP) were studied in 27 patients with Medtronic Elite series of pacemakers (programmed to the unipolar mode) by using chest wall stimulation and myopotential interference. Because the ventricular refractory period is nonprogrammable at 230 ms, appropriately timed signals produced ...
Sarko J A - - 2000
The emergency physician may be called on at any time to evaluate a patient with a pacemaker. Although current models are very reliable, malfunctions occur. This review discusses the basic components of the antibradycardic pacemaker, which malfunctions can be expected to occur, and how to evaluate an improperly functioning unit. ...
Ayestaran C - - 2000
We report a case of a patient with a history of heart conduction disease, symptom-free and without treatment in the last years, who experienced a severe cardiac complication associated with in vitro fertilization (IVF) with vaginal oocyte retrieval (VOR). Eighty-five minutes after the VOR a severe bradycardia and bradypnea occurred, ...
Buys E M - - 2000
AIM: In patients with and without a permanent pacemaker His bundle ablation was performed for symptomatic drug-refractory atrial fibrillation. This study was performed to examine the complications of temporary pacing in patients without an already implanted pacemaker. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between January 1996 and December 1998, 152 consecutive patients, both ...
Sliz N B NB - - 2000
Pacemakers have been implanted in pediatric patients since the late 1960s. Indications for cardiac pacing in infants and children have evolved to include controlling symptoms as well as providing a life-sustaining cardiac rhythm. Pacemakers have become smaller and able to perform more complex functions. Current pacemakers offer a variety of ...
Basker M R - - 2000
Oesophageal syncope is loss of consciousness on swallowing, which is thought to be associated with an abnormal vagovagal reflex that leads to transient bradycardia. Patients with this potentially lethal condition may present to neurologists, cardiologists or gastroenterologists. It may be associated with cardio-active drug therapy, previous myocardial infarction, or with ...
Hasebe S - - 2000
To try to solve the pathogenesis of severe attic retraction viewed from mastoid condition, we examined the residual soft tissue density (RSTD) in the mastoid by computed tomography (CT) in 85 patients (107 ears) with otitis media with effusion (OME) 3 months after tympanostomy tube insertion or later. The incidence ...
Hayakawa I - - 2000
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine changes in the masticatory function of complete denture wearers after relining the mandibular denture with a soft liner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Conventional complete dentures were fabricated for 6 completely edentulous patients. One month after completing adjustments of the dentures, maximum biting ...
Hokkanen J E - - 2000
A simple relationship between the burst length of the trigger neurons of the Crustacea cardiac ganglion and the length of the heartbeat, is shown to lead to chaotic heart rate. Interestingly, the same type of relationship is also capable of generating complex periodic deviations from steady heart rhythm. Real Crustacea ...
Watanabe H - - 2000
A newborn female underwent pacemaker implantation with epicardial pacing leads for the treatment of bradycardia caused by congenital atrioventricular block. At 10 months after pacemaker implantation, she was admitted with congestive heart failure. The epicardial leads were seen to encircle the heart, and myocardial ischemia was suggested. During cardiac catheterization ...
Gershon T - - 2000
Cardiogenic shock is one of the most dramatic presentations in Emergency Medicine and requires rapid and accurate assessment, evaluation, and treatment. The cardiovascular disasters that present with shock include acute myocardial infarction with pump failure, aortic dissection, massive pulmonary emboli, and cardiac tamponade. We report a patient who presented to ...
Walker S - - 2000
We report a 64-year-old man with atrial fibrillation and impaired left ventricular function in whom pacemaker lead manipulation during biatrial pacemaker lead removal and biventricular pacemaker lead insertion caused coronary sinus dissection. After further manipulation of the biventricular pacing lead, the true lumen of the coronary sinus could be entered ...
Appleton R - - 2000
Photosensitivity is reported to occur in approximately 40% of patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Our experience suggests that the prevalence is higher and may be related to both the duration of intermittent photic stimulation and also the age at which the procedure is undertaken. A two-year retrospective review of all ...
Broadley A J - - 2000
In a patient who sustained sudden collapse, later attributed to pulmonary embolization, an ECG during her evaluation demonstrated sinus tachycardia and stimulus artefacts at a rate of 250 per minute which did not capture the heart. Implanted pacemaker malfunction was considered the cause until a chest X ray showed a ...
Tang C - - 2000
This report describes a 33-year-old patient with arrhythmogenic right ventricular (RV) dysplasia who had a dual chamber pacemaker implanted at age 23 years for drug-induced bradycardia. Pacing was continued after right ventricular free-wall disconnection (RVFWD) at age 24 years. Her pacemaker was not replaced after battery depletion 7 years later. ...
Ortmann C - - 2000
Samples of heart tissue were investigated in two series for the detectability of myocardial necrosis after artificial and natural putrefaction, respectively. In the first series heart tissue with and without infarction was artificially subjected to humid and dry autolysis and putrefaction. In the second investigation heart tissue was obtained from ...
Lecanuet J P - - 2000
Cardiac responses of 36- to 39-week-old (GA) fetuses were tested with a no-delay pulsed stimulation paradigm while exhibiting a low heart rate (HR) variability (the HR pattern recorded when fetuses are in the 1f behavioral state). We examined whether fetuses could discriminate between two low-pitched piano notes, D4 (F(0) = ...
Schuchert A - - 2000
Some newer cardiac pacemakers are able to control the efficacy of the ventricular pacing pulse beat by beat and to adjust the ventricular output to the actual pacing threshold. This capture verification is based on the detection of the ventricular evoked response amplitude, which has to be detected immediately after ...
Esmail M M - - 2000
A 33-year-old primigravida presented at 32 weeks gestation with increasing shortness of breath related to left ventricular failure. She had severe bilateral ventricular dilatation of unknown aetiology. An urgent caesarean section was required when she failed to improve on medical therapy, and for this she requested general anaesthesia. The patient ...
Cuzin B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The rise in the number of implantations of cardiac pacemakers is of some concern to decision makers in the health sector. We assessed the intrinsic and relative clinical efficacy of cardiac pacemakers in current clinical indications to find out whether scientific or clinical arguments might justify differences in market ...
Li J H - - 1999
The mean first passage time (MFPT) over the fluctuating potential barrier is investigated in the presence of additive and multiplicative noises. It is shown that the MFPT over the fluctuating potential barrier displays a resonant activation (RA). The effect of the additive and multiplicative noises and the correlation between them ...
Lilienfeld S O - - 1999
Although the construct of psychopathy has received considerable attention in humans, its relevance to other animals is largely unknown. We developed a measure of psychopathy for use in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), the Chimpanzee Psychopathy Measure (CPM), and asked 6 raters to complete this index on 34 chimpanzees. The CPM (a) ...
Bode F - - 1999
Episodes of repetitive P wave undersensing have been described in dual chamber pacemakers due to automatic extension of the postventricular atrial refractory period (PVARP). Pacemaker stimulation was completely inhibited despite the presence of adequate P waves. This study sought to determine whether cycles of repetitive P wave undersensing occur even ...
Yesil M - - 1999
Although arrhythmias are common in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), complete atrioventricular (AV) block is very unusual. A 27-year-old female presented with a recent history of syncope and exercise intolerance. ECG demonstrated complete AV block. Two-dimensional Doppler echocardiography revealed HCM with a 60 mmHg left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient. A temporary ...
van Den Berg M P - - 1999
A 54-year-old man presented with total atrioventricular (AV) block 3 months after dynamic cardiomyoplasty was performed because of heart failure due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Though the cardiomyostimulator acted as a back-up pacemaker, a DDDR pacemaker was implanted to optimize hemodynamics. During testing no cross-sensing or cross-stimulation between the pacemaker ...
Burke M C - - 1999
Pectoral implantation of transvenous non-thoracotomy internal cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) has resulted in very few complications whether placed subpectorally or subcutaneously. We report the case of a 68 year old man with a subpectorally implanted MINI-plus (Cardiac Pacemakers, Incorporated, St. Paul, Mn.) transvenous ICD who developed nearly instantaneous severe ipsilateral shoulder ...
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