Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1332
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Gopal Deepa M - - 2012
Galectin-3 (GAL-3), a β-galactoside-binding protein, is a new clinical biomarker believed to reflect cardiac remodeling/fibrosis in patients with heart failure (HF). Plasma GAL-3 is inversely related to renal function. It is not known whether the relationship between renal function and GAL-3 is influenced by clinical decompensation, type of HF, or ...
Stone Gregg W - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the potential utility of a novel polyethylene terephthalate micronet mesh-covered stent (MGuard) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Suboptimal myocardial reperfusion after PCI in STEMI is common and results in increased infarct size and mortality. ...
Bjordahl Paul M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation occurs after approximately 25% to 45% of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgeries. Oxidative stress and related electrophysiological remodeling has been proposed as a potential cause of this atrial fibrillation. Perioperative supplementation of the antioxidant ascorbic acid has been evaluated as a preventive agent. The current investigation ...
Liang Liang-Han - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Despite adequate rate control, the combination of atrial fibrillation (AF) with heart failure (HF) has been shown in a number of studies to hasten HF progression. In this context we aimed to test the hypothesis that an irregular ventricular rhythm causes an alteration in ventricular cardiomyocyte excitation-contraction coupling which ...
Donaldson Cameron - - 2012
Hypertension (HTN) causes concentric left ventricular remodeling, defined as an increased relative wall thickness or overt left ventricular hypertrophy, and associated diastolic dysfunction. HTN and concentric remodeling are also common precursors to heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction. It is not known whether the myofilament contributes to diastolic dysfunction ...
Costa J Ribamar JR - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) improves survival compared to thrombolytic therapy in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), with much of the benefit attributable to greater rates of normal epicardial and myocardial perfusion resulting in enhanced myocardial salvage. However, reduced tissue reperfusion after primary PCI may occur from distal thromboemboli ...
Knebel Fabian - - 2012
Purpose: Diastolic dysfunction is common among elderly women. Recently, concerns regarding marathon-induced myocardial damage were raised among young male runners. The goal of our study was to assess the impact of marathon running on systolic and diastolic ventricular function before and immediately after completing a marathon among postmenopausal well-trained amateur ...
Klitsie Liselotte M - - 2012
Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with the development of a systemic inflammatory response, which can lead to myocardial damage. However, knowledge concerning the time course of ventricular performance deterioration and restoration after correction of a congenital heart defect (CHD) in pediatric patients is sparse. Therefore, the authors perioperatively ...
Giles Paul D PD Department of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, - - 2013
Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) focused on the upper cervical spine is theorized to affect the function of the vagus nerve and thereby influence the parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system. This study was designed to determine the acute effect of upper cervical spine manipulation on cardiac autonomic control as ...
Das Durgesh - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Increased repolarization lability is known to be associated with the risk of ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF). Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) are excluded from the analysis of QT variability. However, QT dynamics after PVCs is poorly understood. METHODS: We analyzed data of 33 patients with structural heart disease (mean ...
Chatterjee Saurav - - 2012
Background: In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), ventricular rate control with medications has been found to be noninferior in preventing clinical events, compared to a strategy converting patients to sinus rhythm and maintaining it with medications. Guidelines have accepted rate control as an acceptable therapeutic option. Most of the prior ...
Feng Chong - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with impaired coronary flow by means of Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) frame count (TFC). Mean platelet volume (MPV) is elevated in patients with AF. In the present study we aimed to investigate the relationship between MPV and TFC in patients with AF in ...
Silvet Helme - - 2012
©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The goal of this study was to determine whether aggressive heart rate (HR) control in patients with both chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) is associated with improved outcomes. HR control is one of the mainstays in management of patients with AF. However, rate ...
Sethi Ankur - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have casted a doubt on usefulness of routine glycoprotein IIb/IIIA inhibitors (GPI) in patients, pretreated with aspirin and clopidogrel, undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effect of relevant factors, particularly thienopyridine pretreatment, on clinical benefit ...
Abduch Maria Cristina Donadio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The high and increasing prevalence of Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) represents a serious public health problem. New technologies are being used aiming at more accurate diagnoses in order to improve therapeutic approach. In this scenario, speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) uses natural myocardial markers to analyze the systolic deformation of the ...
Paneni Francesco - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have been associated with an impairment of left (LV) and right ventricular (RV) function as well as an increased risk of heart failure (HF). However, it remains unclear whether these clinical entities or their associations promote a similar derangement of biventricular function. ...
Minamino Tetsuo - - 2012
PURPOSE: The development of novel pharmaceutical interventions to improve the clinical outcomes of patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is an unmet medical need worldwide. In animal models, a single intravenous administration of erythropoietin (EPO) during reperfusion improves left ventricular (LV) function in the chronic stage. However, the ...
Ittyachen Abraham M - - 2012
We report a case of a Russell's viper (Daboia russelii) bite involving a 55-year-old male who developed a bilateral thalamic infarction. Although the coagulopathy was controlled within twenty-four hours, the patient became restless and disoriented. Due to the initial prolonged clotting time, we suspected an intracranial bleed. T2 magnetic resonance ...
Zhao Bei - - 2012
To assess the regional diastolic function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) by using single-beat, real-time, three-dimensional echocardiography (RT-3DE). Sixty-five patients with HCM in sinus rhythm together with fifty age- and gender-matched normal controls were studied by two dimensional echocardiography (2DE) and RT-3DE. The parameters analyzed by RT-3DE included: left ...
Demir Mehmet - - 2012
In this study we examined right and left ventricular systolic functions in hepatitis B virus (HBV) patients. The study included 50 HBsAg-positive patients (mean age; 33±13 years) and 50 other persons (mean age; 28±11 years) as a control group. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed in all the participants. Right and left ...
Chan William - - 2012
This prospective study aimed to assess regional and temporal patterns of extracellular matrix (ECM) changes post-myocardial infarction (MI). A fundamental process in the development of ischemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is LV remodeling, characterized by structural and functional abnormalities throughout the myocardium including the noninfarcted (remote) myocardium and interstitium. Contrast-enhanced ...
Keller Joseph J - - 2012
Objective: Although the etiology of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) remains unknown, there is increasing evidence suggesting an underlying cardiovascular pathomechanism. This study set out to explore a possible association between acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and having previously been diagnosed with SSNHL by using a population-based dataset with a case-control ...
Ammirati Enrico - - 2012
Rationale: At the onset of ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI), patients can present with very elevated circulating interleukin IL6(+)levels or very low IL6(-)levels. Objective: We compared these two groups of patients to understand whether it is possible to define specific STEMI phenotypes associated with outcome based on the cytokine response. ...
Ernande Laura - - 2012
To determine if cine displacement encoding with stimulated echoes (DENSE) can help to identify and determine the patterns of subclinical myocardial systolic dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) when compared with cine DENSE in control patients. After obtaining approval from the institutional ethics committee and written informed ...
Malfatto Gabriella - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: The role of repeated infusions of Levosimendan in patients with chronic advanced heart failure is still unclear. Thirty-three patients with chronic heart failure presenting clinical deterioration were randomized 2:1 to receive monthly infusions of Levosimendan (LEVO, n = 22) or Furosemide (Controls, n = 11). At the first drug's ...
Shang Qing - - 2012
Objectives. Ventricular and arterial stiffness is an accepted cause of myocardial diastolic dysfunction. The aim of this study is to determine whether there is increased ventricular and arterial stiffness in patients with PsA and any relationship with disease-related risk factors.Methods. Seventy-three patients with PsA were divided into two subgroups based ...
Dong Ming - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent experimental evidence suggests that the Rho/Rho-kinase (ROCK) system may play an important role in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) but there are little clinical data. This study examined if ROCK activity is increased in patients with acute coronary syndrome and if ROCK activity predicts long-term cardiovascular ...
Demir Mehmet - - 2012
Atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) is a risk factor for arterial embolism. Despite prior reports concerning paradoxical embolism through a patent foramen ovale, atrial dysfunction and atrial arrhythmias might represent an additional mechanism for arterial embolism.The aim of this study was to evaluate right and left atrial appendage contractilty in patients ...
Wu Yiming Y Department of Internal Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1081, - - 2012
Increasing heart rate enhances cardiac contractility (force frequency relationship, FFR) and accelerates cardiac relaxation (frequency-dependent acceleration of relaxation, FDAR). The positive FFR together with FDAR promotes rapid filling and ejection of blood from the left ventricle (LV) at higher heart rates. Recent studies indicate that the multifunctional Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase ...
Rutkovskiy Arkady - - 2012
Aquaporins (AQPs) are channel-forming membrane proteins highly permeable to water. AQP4 is found in mammalian hearts; however, its expression sites, regulation and function are largely unknown. The aim was to investigate cardiac AQP4 expression in humans and mice, its regulation by ischemia and hypoxia, and in particular its role in ...
Hansson Emil M - - 2012
Fibrosis resulting from cardiac injury presents a major challenge to restoring heart function after myocardial infarction. Two recent papers in Nature report successful in vivo reprogramming of fibroblasts to cardiomyocytes in injured mouse hearts (Qian et al., 2012; Song et al., 2012), resulting in improved cardiac function and reduced scar ...
Xu Chunhui - - 2012
Murine fibroblasts have previously been reprogrammed to form cardiomyocytes in vitro, but recent studies have demonstrated direct conversion of cardiac fibroblasts into cardiomyocytes in vivo. This is accomplished by delivering transcription factors or microRNAs to the mouse heart and may represent a new avenue for regenerative cardiac therapy.
Diepenhorst Gwen M P - - 2012
Natural IgM antibodies, and anti-phosphorylcholine IgM (anti-PC IgM) in particular, may modulate the pathogenesis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). An exploratory study was conducted to evaluate the hypothesis that circulating anti-PC IgM and IgM binding to damaged cells increases the infarct size and post-infarct inflammatory response in patients with AMI. ...
Habib Syed Shahid - - 2012
To compare levels of tissue plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 levels in patients with acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina in order to understand the use of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), coagulation and fibrinolysis markers for cardiovascular risk assessment. The cross-sectional case-control study compared circulating concentrations of high ...
Musthafa Haja-Sherief N - - 2012
Longitudinal relaxation time in the rotating frame (T(1) (ρ) ) was measured using continuous wave irradiation in normal and infarcted mouse myocardium in vivo. Significant increase in T(1) (ρ) was found after 7 days of infarction when compared with reference myocardium or in myocardium before infarction. Cine MRI and histology ...
Mateos Juan Carlos Pachón - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The conventional right ventricle (RV) endocardial pacing leads QRS widening and desynchronization myocardial compromising ventricular function. With the need for stimulation less deleterious, RV septal pacing has been used more. Eventually have been reported higher thresholds and smaller R waves in the septal stimulation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the parameters ...
Tamarappoo Balaji K - - 2012
Concentric left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is independently associated with increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Some animal models of LVH display specific alterations of the myocardial interstitium that could increase myocardial vulnerability to ventricular arrhythmias, but these merit evaluation in humans with LVH and SCD. Twelve consecutive patients with ...
Gabrielli Luigi - - 2012
Background: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a common cause of sudden death in athletes and differentiating this condition from the nonpathological "athlete's heart" remains a challenge. The development of pathological left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with left atrial (LA) dilatation and dysfunction. LA strain and strain rate by two-dimensional (2D) ...
LaRocca Thomas J TJ Cardiovascular Research Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, - - 2012
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is characterized, in part, by calcium handling imbalances associated with ventricular dysfunction. The cardiac Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger 1 (NCX1) has been implicated as a compensatory mechanism in response to reduced contractility in the heart; however, its role in diabetic cardiomyopathy remains unknown. We aimed to fully characterize the Akita(ins2) ...
de Boer Bouke A - - 2012
Analysis of experiments aimed at understanding the genetic mechanisms of differentiation and growth of the heart, calls for detailed insights into cardiac growth and proliferation rate of myocytes and their precursors. Such insights in mouse heart development are currently lacking. We quantitatively assessed the 3D patterns of proliferation in the ...
Lujan Heidi L - - 2012
In the United States alone, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has invested several hundred million dollars in pursuit of myocardial infarct-sparing therapies. However, due largely to methodological limitations, this investment has not produced any notable clinical application or cardioprotective therapy. Among the major methodological limitations is the ...
Xiao Li - - 2012
A PECAM-1 specific PET imaging agent, PECAM-1-Ab-DOTA-(64)Cu, was synthesized by conjugating the anti-mouse PECAM-1 antibody with 2,2',2″,2″'-(1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetrayl)tetraacetic acid (DOTA) and subsequent labeling with (64)Cu. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) was successfully performed in a mouse model of myocardial infarction (MI) induced by an ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, indicating the elevated expression of ...
Macdonald Simon T - - 2012
AimsMyocardial development is dependent on concomitant growth of cardiomyocytes and a supporting vascular network. The coupling of myocardial and coronary vascular development is partly mediated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA) signalling and additional unknown mechanisms. We examined the cardiomyocyte specific role of the transcriptional co-activator Cited2 on myocardial microstructure ...
Lugenbiel Patrick - - 2012
Elevated heart rate represents an independent risk factor for cardiovascular outcome in patients with heart disease. In the sinoatrial node, rate increase is mediated by β(1) adrenoceptor mediated activation of the Gα(s) pathway. We hypothesized that genetic inactivation of the stimulatory Gα(s) protein in the sinoatrial node would provide sinus ...
Hoshino Shinsuke - - 2012
Expression and function of cardiac ion channels exhibit postnatal developmental changes, which, however, has not yet been proven in ventricular myocytes isolated using similar techniques. In this study, ventricular myocytes were enzymatically dissociated from mouse heart at different postnatal ages (including postnatal day 0) by similar techniques using Langendorff perfusion. ...
Al-Murayeh Mushabab A - - 2012
To investigate acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in the young Saudi population in Aseer Region, southwestern Saudi Arabia. We retrospectively reviewed our database between January 2006 and May 2009, 924 patients were diagnosed to have ACS. Among them 107 patients (11.6%) met our definition of young [66 (61.7%) male < 45 years, and ...
Cole-Jeffrey Colleen T - - 2012
In the prenatal heart, right-to-left atrial shunting of blood through the foramen ovale is essential for proper circulation. After birth, as the pulmonary circulation is established, the foramen ovale functionally closes as a result of changes in the relative pressure of the two atrial chambers, ensuring the separation of oxygen ...
Ali Rahmat - - 2012
MicroRNAs are negative gene regulators and play important roles in cardiac development and disease. As evident by cardiomyopathy following cardiac-specific Dicer knockdown they also are required for maintaining normal cardiac contractile function but the specific role of miR-1 in the process is poorly understood. To characterize the role of miR-1 ...
Gao Xiao-Ming - - 2012
Ventricular wall rupture represents a catastrophic complication of myocardial infarction (MI) in the clinic while research has long been hampered due to absence of suitable animal models. Since late 1990s, the mouse has become a suitable model for human post-infarct cardiac rupture. Here we review the clinical features of post-infarct ...
Manoury Boris - - 2012
The three isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), spatially confined in specific intracellular compartments in cardiac cells subserve distinct regulations of contractility under pathophysiologic situations. Recently, evidence has emerged that implicates the NOS in modulating myocardial remodelling under cardiac stress, including after ischemic insults. Provided they remain coupled, the NOS ...
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