Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1461
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Takeda Kotaro - - 2009
Bundle branch re-entry (BBR)-ventricular tachycardia (VT) is relatively rare with an incidence of about 6% in sustained monomorphic VT series. However, physicians unexpectedly encounter it in clinical practice. BBR-VT is associated with serious hemodynamic decompensation, and the clinical presentation in approximately 75% of patients with inducible BBR-VT is syncope or ...
Vaillant Fanny - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Tachycardia often facilitates ischemic ventricular fibrillation (VF). OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the impact of ivabradine (IVA), a selective inhibitor of the cardiac pacemaker If current, on ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT) during acute myocardial ischemia. METHODS: The experiments were conducted on a total of 54 domestic pigs. Myocardial ischemia was ...
Valentino Daniel J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Data from our previous studies indicate that Taser X26 stun devices can acutely alter cardiac function in swine. We hypothesized that most transcardiac discharge vectors would capture ventricular rhythm, but that other vectors, not traversing the heart, would fail to capture the ventricular rhythm. METHODS: Using an Institutional Animal ...
Kim Jin Won - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although T wave alternans (TWA) and the T wave peak-to-end (Tpte) interval are associated with vulnerability to ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VT), no previous reports have demonstrated that TWA immediately precedes spontaneous VT in the human ambulatory setting. METHODS AND RESULTS: Stored electrograms from the implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) of 74 ...
Narayan Sanjiv M - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine whether abnormalities of calcium cycling explain ventricular action potential (AP) oscillations and cause electrocardiogram T-wave alternans (TWA). Mechanisms explaining why heart failure patients are at risk for malignant ventricular arrhythmias (ventricular tachycardia [VT]/ventricular fibrillation [VF]) are unclear. We studied whether oscillations in ...
Lim Kiam-Khiang - - 2009
Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and left ventricular (LV) apical aneurysm represent a previously under-recognized but important subgroup within this heterogeneous disease spectrum. Apical aneurysms and the contiguous areas of myocardial fibrosis have been associated with monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) and increased risk for adverse clinical events including sudden cardiac ...
Wu Xiao-yu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) has been established as an effective and curative therapy for ventricular tachycardia (VT) and severely symptomatic premature ventricular contraction (PVC) from the outflow tract in structurally normal hearts. This study aimed to investigate electrophysiologic characteristics and effects of RFCA for patients with idiopathic VT and ...
Tabereaux Paul B - - 2009
Ventricular fibrillation (VF), despite its declining incidence as a cause of sudden cardiac death, is still a major health problem. The underlying mechanisms for the maintenance of VF are still disputed. Studies suggest that VF is unlikely one static mechanism but rather a dynamic process of electrical derangement that changes ...
Romero Iñaki - - 2008
Ventricular tachyarrhythmias are potentially lethal cardiac pathologies and the commonest cause of sudden cardiac death. Efforts to predict the onset of such events are based on feature extraction from the surface ECG. T-wave alternans (TWAs) are considered a marker of abnormal ventricular function that may be associated with ventricular tachycardia ...
Shah Atman P - - 2008
Endothelin(ET)-1 (ET-1) increases after myocardial infarction and may have effects on myocardial function. ET-1 has also been shown to affect the action potential (AP) which may be arrhythmogenic and predispose to ventricular fibrillation (VF). The effects of ET-2 and ET-3 are uncertain. We hypothesized that the ETs increase during acute ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2009
A 61-year-old man with a remote posterior myocardial infarction underwent electrophysiological testing for a ventricular tachycardia (VT) storm. Repeated cardioversions terminated the VT with immediate resumption after one sinus beat. Pacing neither terminated the VT nor demonstrated transient entrainment. Echocardiographically guided electroanatomic mapping revealed a centrifugal activation from the septal ...
Jefic Dane - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Management of ventricular tachycardia (VT) is challenging in patients with cardiac sarcoidosis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the response of VT in patients with cardiac sarcoidosis to medical therapy and radiofrequency ablation. METHODS: Forty-two patients with a diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis based on the Japanese ...
Nielsen Thomas D - - 2009
Recent studies suggest that during ventricular fibrillation (VF) epicardial vessels may be a site of conduction block and the posterior papillary muscle (PPM) in the left ventricle (LV) may be the location of a "mother rotor." The goal of this study was to obtain evidence to support or refute these ...
Suk Tiffany - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is associated with myocardial scarring and ventricular tachycardia (VT). Contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CE-CMR) can quantify myocardial scar, and scar imaging has been documented in patients with HCM. We investigated the assessment of myocardial scar in HCM patients using CE-CMR, and its correlation with proven ...
Doppalapudi Harish - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT) can arise from the epicardium, usually near the summit of the left ventricle (LV). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe a distinct syndrome of epicardial VT that arises from the crux of the heart. METHODS: Among 340 patients with idiopathic VT referred ...
Ripplinger Crystal M - - 2009
Sudden cardiac death due to arrhythmia in the settings of chronic myocardial infarction (MI) is an important clinical problem. Arrhythmic risk post-MI continues indefinitely even if heart failure and acute ischemia are not present due to the anatomic substrate of the scar and border zone (BZ) tissue. The purpose of ...
Leeuwenburgh Boudewijn P J - - 2008
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether the administration of amiodarone or lidocaine in patients with refractory VT/VF after cardiac surgery results in successful cardioversion. Altogether more than 434 papers were found using the reported search, from which ...
Piccini Jonathan P - - 2008
Sustained ventricular arrhythmias and heart failure are well-recognized complications after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and have been associated with worse outcomes and increased mortality. The use of and outcomes associated with acute beta-blocker therapy in patients with AMI complicated by sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF) and heart ...
Codreanu Andrei - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to compare electroanatomic mapping (EAM) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with delayed contrast enhancement (DCE) data for delineation of post-infarct scars. BACKGROUND: Electroanatomic substrate mapping is an important step in the post-infarct ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation strategy, but this technique has not yet been compared ...
Piccini Jonathan P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Sustained ventricular arrhythmias complicate 2% to 20% of acute myocardial infarctions (MIs) and are associated with increased in-hospital mortality. However, it remains unclear whether successful mechanical revascularization improves outcomes in these patients. The objective of this analysis was to identify predictors of sustained ventricular arrhythmias after acute MI and ...
Botvinick Elias - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In an effort to better understand the clinical effects of ventricular tachycardia (VT), we sought to characterize function and conduction during VT in patients. BACKGROUND: The image evaluation of VT has been limited by the lack of technical tools and its often-dramatic hemodynamic effect. Objective bedside imaging of VT-induced ...
Navarrete Antonio - - 2008
Idiopathic, focal ventricular tachycardia that originates from the right ventricular apex is presented. Arrhythmogenic ventricular dysplasia needs to be ruling out prior to making this diagnosis. This is a rare entity that can be cured with an ablation and therefore it needs to be considered in the differential diagnosis of ...
Oka Katsumi - - 2008
Delayed gadolinium enhancement (DGE) in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging indicates the areas with myocardial fibrosis, which are suggested to be arrhythmogenic substrate in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Elevated brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is associated with cardiovascular events in HCM. We investigated the grade of DGE in CMR and plasma BNP ...
Ueda-Tatsumoto Akiko - - 2008
Reentrant bidirectional ventricular tachycardia (VT) with left bundle branch block (LBBB) configuration was diagnosed in a 54-year-old woman who showed 2 types of VT: QRS morphologies of LBBB with inferior axis and LBBB with superior axis. The development of VT with a superior axis was preceded by VT with inferior ...
Whyte Gregory P - - 2008
Differentiation of right ventricular outflow tract-ventricular tachycardia (RVOT-VT) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) can be problematic in athletes. The high incidence of sudden death as the first clinical manifestation in ARVC highlights the importance of correct diagnosis and treatment. We report on the case of RVOT-VT in an elite ...
Kobza Richard - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The ECG discrimination of ventricular tachycardia (VT) vs. supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is both important and often difficult. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that recorded digital cardiac acoustical data reflect hemodynamic changes that can be used for VT detection. METHODS: We studied 57 subjects (42 males, mean age ...
Morishima Itsuro - - 2008
Uncommon association of left anterior fascicular ventricular tachycardia (VT) with a healed myocardial infarction (MI) is described. A 55-year-old man with a history of anteroseptal MI had verapamil-sensitive VT. The VT exhibited a right bundle branch block configuration and right-axis deviation. The VT exit was located at the left ventricular ...
Muthappan Palaniappan - - 2008
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is an inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by ventricular arrhythmias and structural abnormalities of the right ventricle (RV). ARVD results from progressive replacement of right ventricular myocardium with fatty and fibrous tissue. The precise prevalence of ARVD in the United States has been estimated to be 1 ...
Yoshida Kentaro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In routine substrate mapping of the left ventricle, an abnormal area is defined as having an amplitude <1.5 mV. However, that is usually too large for catheter ablation in post-infarction ventricular tachycardia (VT) and the use of strict voltage criteria may produce better outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty patients ...
Durin Ornella - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to assess the effectiveness of the nonlinear analysis (NLA) of ECG in predicting the results of invasive electrophysiologic study (EPS) in patients with ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS: We evaluated 25 patients with history of cardiac arrest, syncope, sustained, or nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (VT). All ...
Sasano Tetsuo - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize the relationship between impaired sympathetic innervation and arrhythmia with noninvasive biologic imaging in an animal model of post-infarct ventricular tachycardia (VT). BACKGROUND: Innervation might be abnormal in the normally perfused borderzone of myocardial infarction, contributing to myocardial catecholamine overexposure and arrhythmogenic ...
Hirose Masamichi - - 2008
Whether nicorandil is effective at preventing ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VT) during acute myocardial ischaemia is still controversial. We examined effects of nicorandil on the induction of VT during acute myocardial ischaemia. Optical action potentials were recorded from the entire transmural wall of arterially perfused canine left ventricular wedges. Ischaemia was produced ...
Van Beeumen Katarina - - 2008
Ablation of a mitral annulus (MA)-ventricular tachycardia (VT), a rare form of idiopathic left VT, has not yet been described in patients <2 years of age. We describe a case of a toddler with an incessant, poorly tolerated idiopathic VT (190 bpm) refractory to medical therapy, which was successfully ablated ...
Aggeli C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to provide evidence regarding the safety of real-time flash-contrast echocardiography combined with dobutamine-atropine stress echo (DASE). BACKGROUND: The combination of perfusion assessment using myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) with DASE has shown very promising results for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Concerns ...
Voss Frederik - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Noncontact mapping has been demonstrated to facilitate RF ablation of ventricular arrhythmias, but the reproducibility in the localization of endocardial exit sites during focal ventricular tachycardia ("VT") originating from defined myocardial layers has not been systematically studied. Furthermore, it remains unclear whether noncontact mapping can distinguish between endo- and ...
Santangeli Pasquale - - 2008
More than 450 000 Americans die suddenly each year from sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) or fibrillation. Overall, event rates in Europe are similar to those in the United States. A correct risk stratification is essential to reduce the incidence of sudden cardiac death. Ventricular late potentials (VLPs) represent delayed conduction ...
Takemura Naoki - - 2008
We describe a 59-year-old woman with sick sinus syndrome (SSS) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). Diagnosis of SSS was made because she had frequent episodes of sinus arrest with prolonged ventricular asystole. Cardiac images showed a dilated right atrium (RA) and a right ventricle (RV). Electroanatomical mapping of the ...
Li Li - - 2008
For more than 50 years, it has been assumed that ventricular fibrillation (VF) is maintained solely by reentry in the working myocardium. This hypothesis has never been tested by recording VF with electrodes spaced sufficiently close to map activation sequences in 3D. We recorded the first 10 minutes of electrically ...
Ngaage Dumbor L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ischemic ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia (VF/VT) treated by myocardial revascularization, often with an implanted cardioverter defibrillator, prevents sudden cardiac death. Early series have suggested that recurrent VF/VT threatens survival even after treatment. As late outcome is unknown, we sought to determine if the early survival benefit is sustained. METHODS: From January ...
Cox Moniek G P J - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Desmosomal changes, electrical uncoupling, and surviving myocardial bundles embedded in fibrofatty tissue are hallmarks of activation delay in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C). Currently, generally accepted task force criteria (TFC) are used for clinical diagnosis. We propose additional criteria based on activation delay and ventricular tachycardia (VT) to improve ...
Nayak Hemal M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) or biventricular pacing (BVP) is becoming an important treatment option in patients with severe congestive heart failure (CHF) and electrical dyssynchrony. When combined with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy, cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator (CRT-D) has been shown to improve quality of life, functional class, ...
Girerd N - - 2009
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) has recently proved to be a powerful tool in the diagnosis of myocarditis. We report a case of myocarditis diagnosed with CMRI in a rare setting: An episode of ventricular tachycardia (VT) arising from the left ventricle associated with a unique ventricular microaneurysm in a ...
Lerma Claudia - - 2008
The objective was to determine the characteristics of heart rate variability and ventricular arrhythmias prior to the onset of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Sixty-eight beat-to-beat time series from 13 patients with an ICD were analyzed to quantify heart rate variability and ventricular arrhythmias. ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2008
A 74-year-old man with idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT) with a QRS morphology with a left bundle branch block and right inferior axis underwent electrophysiologic testing. Successful ablation was achieved at the right coronary cusp (RCC) where an excellent pace map with long stimulus-to-QRS interval (St-QRS) (85 ms) was obtained. An ...
Horvat Davor - - 2008
To determine in acute myocardial infarction with an ST elevation (STEMI) treated with fibrinolytics frequency of ventricular premature beats (VPBs) and ventricular tachycardia (VT) according to the damaged area and residual cardiac function. With anterolateral infarction with ejection fraction (EF) < 45%, incidence of VPBs < 10/h was statistically significantly ...
Gardiwal Ajmal - - 2008
AIMS: There is increasing evidence that right ventricular (RV) pacing may have detrimental effects by increasing morbidity and mortality for heart failure in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) patients. In this study we prospectively tested the hypothesis that cumulative RV pacing increases ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) occurrence (primary endpoint) and hospitalization and ...
Osaki Satoru - - 2008
Refractory ventricular tachycardia (VT) can be a potentially life-threatening rhythm in the presence of non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, particularly when it results in hemodynamic compromise. A 65-year-old man with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy was referred for multiple episodes of VT. A HeartMate left ventricular assist device (LVAD) was implanted to stabilize and control ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2008
A 12-year-old boy born with double outlet right ventricle (RV) developed sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) 6 years after the corrective surgery and underwent electrophysiologic testing and catheter ablation. Electroanatomic mapping of the right and left ventricles during the VT revealed a centrifugal activation from the outflow tract septum. Though an ...
Sharma J R - - 2008
The combination of ventricular tachycardia (VT) and severe left ventricular dysfunction presents a serious challenge in management of acute fulminant myocarditis (AFM). We report a case of a 17-month-old girl with AFM, presented with hypotension and VT, successfully treated with respiratory and inotropic support, high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin, and amiodarone. The ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2008
A 53-year-old man with a ventricular tachycardia (VT) electrical storm during the chronic phase of an extensive anteroseptal myocardial infarction underwent electrophysiologic testing and catheter ablation. An electroanatomical map during 7 induced macroreentrant VTs demonstrated multiple centrifugal endocardial activations from sites that were located at the circumferential border zone of ...
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