Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1466
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Verma Atul - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: It is unknown if identification of scar border zones by electroanatomical mapping correlates with successful ablation sites determined from mapping during ventricular tachycardia (VT) post-myocardial infarction (MI). We sought to assess the relationship between successful ablation sites of hemodynamically stable post-MI VTs determined by mapping during VT with the ...
Testa A - - 2005
Amiodarone is one of the most common anti-arrhythmic drugs used in the Emergency Department. Recent guidelines on cardiac arrest with shockable rhythm [refractory ventricular fibrillation (VF)/pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VT)] recommend amiodarone as anti-arrhythmic of first choice. Amiodarone is also first choice drug in the treatment of various ventricular and supra-ventricular ...
Segal Oliver R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term effects of ablation of infarct-related ventricular tachycardia (VT) and the subsequent requirement for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy. BACKGROUND: The long-term consequences after initially successful catheter ablation of infarct-related VT remain unclear. METHODS: Forty patients who presented with infarct-related VT ...
Bello David - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate whether infarct size characterization by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a better predictor of inducible ventricular tachycardia (VT) than left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). BACKGROUND: Inducibility of VT at electrophysiologic study (EPS) and low LVEF can identify patients with a substrate for VT. Magnetic ...
Di Cori Andrea - - 2005
It is well established that coronary artery disease with healed myocardial infarction is the most common backdrop for ventricular tachycardia (VT). Although the clinical benefits of biventricular pacing (BivP) in the treatment of severe heart failure are well documented, exact relation with ventricular arrhythmias remains still unclear. We describe a ...
Harding John D JD Cardiovascular Division, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, - - 2005
Recent observations indicate that the QTc interval often increases in the early postoperative period (<1 week) after mechanical unloading of severely failing hearts with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). The present study examined whether early changes in ventricular repolarization after LVAD placement are associated with ventricular arrhythmias. An electrocardiogram ...
Sekiguchi Yukio - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the electrocardiographic (ECG) and electrophysiologic characteristics of ventricular tachycardia (VT) originating within the pulmonary artery (PA). BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is routinely applied to the endocardial surface of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) in patients with idiopathic VT of left bundle branch block morphology. It ...
Russo Giulia - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot is complicated by the occurrence of ventricular tachycardia (VT). Among different indexes proposed to assess prognosis of these patients, the study of QRS and repolarization provided useful information. Controversial results come from the analysis of signal-averaging ECG (SAECG). The aim of our study ...
Berg Robert A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Most out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation (VF) is prolonged (>5 minutes), and defibrillation from prolonged VF typically results in asystole or pulseless electrical activity. Recent visual epicardial observations in an open-chest, open-pericardium model of swine VF indicate that blood flows from the high-pressure arterial system to the lower-pressure venous system during ...
Hsu Jen-Te - - 2005
We encountered a 40-year-old man with recurrent symptomatic palpitations manifested as monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) of a right bundle branch block (RBBB) pattern with an inferior frontal axis. Physical examination, chest roentgenogram, and echocardiogram were unremarkable. The VT could be provoked by treadmill exercise testing. Electrophysiologic study revealed that the ...
Wu Suhua - - 2005
Membrane potential and intracellular calcium during VF. INTRODUCTION: The cardiac action potential (AP) and the intracellular Ca transient (CaT) are closely associated under normal physiological conditions, but not during ventricular fibrillation (VF). The purpose of this study was to determine whether this dissociation is directly related to the fast activation ...
Strohmer Bernhard - - 2005
Recent observations suggest that frequent dual-chamber pacing in recipients of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) may adversely influence clinical outcomes. This prospective, multicenter study examined the relationship between the frequency of atrial (%AP) and ventricular pacing (%VP) and the incidence of atrial (AT) and/or ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VT) in a standard ICD ...
Wichterle Dan - - 2005
Prevalent low-frequency (PLF) oscillation of heart rate and turbulence slope (TS) are both powerful postmyocardial infarction (MI) risk factors. Abnormal composite risk stratifier (CRS) was defined as abnormal PLF or abnormal TS when PLF was not analyzable. We compared the predictive power of CRS with the previously published predictive value ...
Pasquié Jean Luc - - 2005
The clinical precipitants of ventricular fibrillation (VF) remain poorly understood. Clinical factors such as hypoxemia, acidosis or electrolyte imbalance, drug-related toxicity, autonomic nervous system disorders as well as viral myocarditis have been proposed to be associated with sudden cardiac death particularly in patients with structural heart disease. However, In the ...
Demaria Roland G - - 2005
Intraoperative map-guided procedures have been widely advocated as the best surgical strategy for the treatment of ventricular tachycardia (VT), though favorable results have been reported with subendocardial resection without mapping. This study examined the very long-term results of encircling cryoablation without mapping during surgery for anterior left ventricular aneurysm complicated ...
Mazur Alexander - - 2005
Bundle branch reentrant (BBR) tachycardia is an uncommon form of ventricular tachycardia (VT) incorporating both bundle branches into the reentry circuit. The arrhythmia is usually seen in patients with an acquired heart disease and significant conduction system impairment, although patients with structurally normal heart have been described. Surface ECG in ...
Schreieck Juergen - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a substrate-modifying, primarily potential-guided catheter ablation approach as a bailout therapy in patients with complex myocardial infarction and electrical storms due to ventricular tachycardias (VTs). BACKGROUND: Management of electrical storm is a domain of medical treatment. A definite trigger or delineated ...
Lim Swee Han - - 2005
In 1994, all emergency medical services (EMS) ambulance officers in Singapore were trained to perform pre-hospital defibrillation with semi-automated external defibrillators (AED). All non-traumatic cardiac arrest patients over 10 years old were included, excluding those who were obviously dead and children below 36 kg. The data were collected by the ...
Saba Samir - - 2005
We tested the use of correlation-waveform analysis (CWA) of atrial and ventricular electrograms (EGMs) to distinguish ventricular tachycardia (VT) from supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). Patients undergoing electrophysiologic testing were enrolled. EGMs recorded during induced tachycardias were compared with EGMs recorded during sinus and paced rhythms, taken as templates, by assigning a ...
Haghjoo Majid - - 2005
BACKGROUND: By analyzing stored intracardiac electrograms during spontaneous monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT), we examined the patterns of the VT initiation in a group of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). METHODS: Stored electrograms (EGMs) were monomorphic VTs and at least 5 beats before the initiation and after the termination of ...
Sun Yan - - 2005
Ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) are ventricular cardiac arrhythmia that could be catastrophic and life threatening. Correct and timely detection of VT or VF can save lives. In this paper, a multiscale-based non-linear descriptor, the Hurst index, is proposed to characterize the ECG episode, so that VT and ...
Moss Arthur J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) improves survival in high-risk cardiac patients. This analysis from the MADIT-II trial database examines the long-term clinical course and subsequent mortality risk of patients after termination of life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias by an ICD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Life-table survival analysis was performed, and proportional hazards ...
Mousa Ayad - - 2004
Ventricular late potentials (VLPs) are considered as a noninvasive marker of patients with myocardial infarction, who are prone to the development of ventricular tachycardia. This paper investigates the effects of variations in physical properties of myocardial infarcts in terms of their effects on the parametric variations in VLP analysis. A ...
Cooper Joshua M - - 2004
A biventricular implantable cardioverter-defibrillator failed to detect monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) with a cycle length that was within the programmed VT detection zone. VT beats were undetected because they fell within the atrial-paced ventricular blanking period while a rate smoothing pacing algorithm was turned on. This problem can occur with ...
Pak Hui-Nam - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Action potential duration restitution (APDR) plays a role in initiation and maintenance of ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF). We hypothesized that the steeply sloped APDR and its spatial heterogeneity contribute to VT/VF inducibility in patients with ventricular arrhythmia. METHOD AND RESULTS: After programmed ventricular stimulation (PVS) for evaluation of ...
Brunckhorst Corinna B - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Ventricular tachycardia (VT) late after myocardial infarction is usually due to reentry in the border zone of the infarct area. Identification of critical parts of the VT reentry circuit by catheter mapping without needing to induce VT is a desirable goal for VT ablation. The aim of this study ...
Liu Yen-Bin - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: We previously reported that a normal ventricle can demonstrate two types of ventricular fibrillation (VF), depending on the underlying electrophysiologic characteristics at the time of VF induction. We hypothesize that the two types of VF can coexist in acutely ischemic ventricles. METHODS AND RESULTS: Optical mapping studies were performed ...
Darmon Jean-Philippe - - 2004
Brugada syndrome is a well-known form of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF). Few data suggest that this arrhythmia may be triggered by ventricular premature beats (VPBs), and an association with other arrhythmia such as monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) or supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) has been reported. In a highly symptomatic 18-year-old-male patient ...
Tanner Hildegard - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT) often originates from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT), but foci deep to the endocardium, in the epicardium, or in the left ventricle are not uncommon. Although these extra-RVOT foci can be targeted with ablation, risks involved are higher and success rates lower. Simple electrocardiographic ...
Reek Sven - - 2004
Although novel cryoablation systems have recently been introduced into clinical practice for catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardia, the feasibility of catheter cryoablation of VT is unknown. Thus, the present study evaluates catheter cryoablation of the ventricular myocardium (1) in healthy sheep and (2) of VT in chronic myocardial infarction (MI). ...
Muto Shigenori - - 2004
A 54-year-old man with severe left ventricular dysfunction due to dilated cardiomyopathy was referred to our hospital for symptomatic incessant sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT). After the administration of nifekalant hydrochloride, sustained VT was terminated. An alternate class III agent, sotalol, was also effective for the prevention of VT. However, one ...
Szumowski Lukasz - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to describe the mapping and ablation of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) after myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND: The initiating mechanisms of polymorphic VT after MI have not been reported. METHODS: Five patients (four males; age 61 +/- 7 years) with recurrent episodes of polymorphic ...
Arenal Angel - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Endocardial mapping before sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (SMVT) induction may reduce mapping time during tachycardia and facilitate the ablation of unmappable VT. METHODS AND RESULTS: Left ventricular electroanatomic voltage maps obtained during right ventricular apex pacing in 26 patients with chronic myocardial infarction referred for VT ablation were analyzed ...
Patel Vickas V - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Identifying the septal versus lateral site of origin of ventricular tachycardia (VT) with a right bundle-branch block (RBBB)-type pattern and an R-S ratio >1 in lead V1 is difficult with the 12-lead ECG, especially in patients with prior apical infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively evaluated 58 patients with ...
Haigney Mark C - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether increased QT interval variability is associated with an increased risk for ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF), documented by interrogation of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), in patients enrolled in the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial (MADIT) II. BACKGROUND: Unstable repolarization has been ...
Tsuchiya Takeshi - - 2004
We report a case of idiopathic reentrant ventricular tachycardia (VT) originating from the left aortic sinus cusp. A prepotential preceding the QRS complex by 58 ms was recorded from the posterior right ventricular (RV) outflow tract. During VT entrainment observed by pacing from the midseptal RV, it initially was orthodromically ...
Bento André Moreira - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ventricular fibrillation (VF) and ventricular tachycardia (VT) are frequently present as initial rhythms during in-hospital cardiac arrest. Although ample evidence exists to support the need for rapid defibrillation, the response to in-hospital cardiac arrest remains without major advances in recent years. The delay between the arrhythmic event and intervention ...
Takahashi Tamana - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We used optical mapping to characterize the reentrant circuit of ventricular tachycardia (VT) during acute myocardial infarction (MI) in isolated canine left ventricular preparations. BACKGROUND: The nature of the reentrant circuit that underlies VT during acute MI is not well understood. METHODS: Using optical mapping in isolated canine left ...
Bogun Frank - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We prospectively investigated the prevalence and value of this criterion for identifying a target site for ablation in patients with postinfarction ventricular tachycardia (VT). BACKGROUND: Termination of postinfarction VT by pacing with nonglobal capture identifies a critical component of the reentrant circuit. METHODS: In a consecutive series of 34 ...
Chow Anthony W C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms by which ventricular fibrillation (VF) is initiated in the infarcted human heart have not been defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Left ventricular noncontact mapping of 8 episodes of pacing-induced VF in 6 patients (age 64.8+/-7.9 years, with previous myocardial infraction and left ventricular ejection fraction of 36+/-4%) undergoing ...
Soejima Yohkoh - - 2004
We conducted this study to verify the efficacy of ventricular unipolar potential (V-uni) for ablation of idiopathic non-reentrant ventricular tachycardia (idio-VT). The morphology of V-uni at the successful and unsuccessful sites was analyzed in 27 patients with idio-VT [20 with right ventricular outflow tachycardia (RVOVT) and 7 with left ventricular ...
Morwood James G - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to expand data on outcomes for radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in young patients and to identify obstacles to success. BACKGROUND: Ablation of VT is performed infrequently in young patients. Published experience has been limited to case reports and small ...
Brembilla-Perrot Béatrice - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the causes of syncope and the significance and differences in left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, coronary disease, and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). BACKGROUND: Risk stratification of and indications for an automated defibrillator could differ according to the cause of LV dysfunction. METHODS: Electrophysiologic study, including atrial and ...
Brunckhorst Corinna B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ventricular tachycardia (VT) isthmuses can be defined by fixed or functional block. During sinus rhythm, pace mapping near the exit of an isthmus should produce a QRS similar to that of VT. Pace mapping at sites proximal to the exit may produce a similar QRS with a longer stimulus-to-QRS ...
Pirk Jan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Some patients after myocardial infarction have an increased risk of malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTA) or sudden cardiac death. The aim of the study was to evaluate long-term results of surgical ablation of an arrhythmogenic substrate guided by simplified intraoperative mapping of pathological ventricular electrograms during sinus rhythm. METHODS: The ...
Zou Jiangang - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ablation of ventricular tachycardias in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD-VTs) still remains a clinical challenge. We reported the value of abnormal electrophysiological substrate mapping for guiding ablation of ARVD-VTs using a non-contact mapping system. METHODS AND RESULTS: Dynamic substrate mapping was performed in three male ARVD patients during sinus ...
Taneja Taresh - - 2004
We hypothesized that myocardial infarction-related alterations in ventricular fibrillation (VF) cycle length (VFCL) would correlate with changes in local cardiac electrophysiological and anatomic properties. An electrophysiological study was performed in normal, subacute, and chronic infarction mongrel dogs. VF was induced by programmed electrical stimulation and mean and minimum early and ...
Stambler Bruce S - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: This study examined the relationship between dobutamine facilitation of ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VT) inducibility with programmed electrical stimulation (PES) and dobutamine stress-induced myocardial ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty patients with prior myocardial infarction and cardiac arrest or sustained VT but no sustained VT induced at baseline electrophysiologic testing underwent repeat ...
Ueda Norihiro - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTs) occur frequently in patients having long QT syndrome (LQTS) or after acute myocardial ischemia. However, the synergistic effects of ischemia and LQTS on arrhythmia development are unclear. We evaluated the contribution of a prior episode of ischemia on the arrhythmogenicity of the LQTS. METHODS: Using a ...
Luo Jijian - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Local ventricular refractoriness and its dispersion during ventricular fibrillation (VF) have not been well evaluated, due to methodological difficulties. METHODS: In this study, a non-invasive method was used in evaluation of local ventricular refractoriness and its dispersion during induced VF in 11 patients with VF and/or polymorphic ventricular tachycardia ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >