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Schönberger Tanja T Medizinische Klinik III, Kardiologie und Kreislauferkrankungen, Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Tübingen, - - 2014
Myocardial inflammation is critical for ventricular remodeling after ischemia. Phospholipid mediators play an important role in inflammatory processes. In the plasma membrane they are degraded by phospholipase D1 (PLD1). PLD1 was shown to be critically involved in ischemic cardiovascular events. Moreover, PLD1 is coupled to tumor necrosis factor-α signaling and ...
Wiegand Gesa G Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University Children's Hospital, Tuebingen, - - 2014
A 10-year-old girl presented with a supraventricular tachycardia. A heart murmur was detected during a clinical examination; therefore, echocardiography was performed. This revealed a giant right ventricular myxoma that subtotally obstructed the right ventricular outflow tract. A myxoma in the right ventricle is uncommon in children. This rare intracardiac tumor ...
Kounatiadis P - - 2013
Α 33-year-old woman was admitted to our clinic with electrocardiographic (ECG) manifestations of anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction, dizziness, weakness, and feeling of oncoming collapse. She underwent coronary angiography that showed normal coronary arteries and an echocardiography study that showed reduced left ventricular contractility with diffuse hypokinesis and an estimated ejection ...
van der Heide J A - - 2012
A novel method to assess left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony using three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) and semi-automated border detection was investigated, which might be superior in prediction of response to cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) compared to traditional measures that rely solely on segmental time-to-contraction. Twenty-eight heart failure patients underwent real-time 3DE ...
Nance John William JW - - 2012
The diagnostic evaluation of patients without known coronary artery disease presenting with chronic stable chest pain or angina equivalent is complex. Imaging often plays a role in diagnosis and risk stratification, and a variety of techniques are available, each with inherent and situation-specific advantages and disadvantages. Coronary computed tomography angiography ...
Kasper Jorge - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Right heart failure is an important cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality, and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is crucial for its diagnosis. However, only four of the 20 cross-sectional views recommended in current guidelines for intraoperative TEE focus on the right heart. This study analyzed whether incorporating additional views into ...
Lurman Glenn J - - 2012
The resting and maximum in situ cardiac performance of Newfoundland Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) acclimated to 10, 4 and 0°C were measured at their respective acclimation temperatures, and when acutely exposed to temperature changes: i.e. hearts from 10°C fish cooled to 4°C, and hearts from 4°C fish measured at ...
Yang Qi - - 2012
Whole-heart coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is a promising method for noninvasive, radiation-free detection and exclusion of obstructive coronary artery disease; however, the required imaging time and robustness of the technique are not yet satisfactory. We evaluated the value of whole-heart coronary MRA at 3.0T using a 32-channel cardiac coil, ...
Senior Roxy - - 2012
Contrast agents are now widely used in stress echocardiography (SE) to improve visualisation of the endocardial border, improve confidence in wall motion assessment and to reduce the number of uninterpretable images. The use of contrast agents in SE has also been shown to improve accuracy of wall motion assessment for ...
Giorgis L - - 2012
Previous studies have shown that cardiac microacceleration signals, recorded either cutaneously, or embedded into the tip of an endocardial pacing lead, provide meaningful information to characterize the cardiac mechanical function. This information may be useful to personalize and optimize the cardiac resynchronization therapy, delivered by a biventricular pacemaker, for patients ...
Sgueglia Gregory A - - 2012
Bifurcation lesions are the most frequently approached complex coronary lesions in everyday interventional practice. Bifurcations complexity relies essentially on their very specific anatomy that is imperfectly handled by current coronary devices and, despite dedicated techniques and drug-eluting stents, percutaneous coronary interventions directed toward the treatment of bifurcations are technically demanding ...
Walcher Thomas - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -BOLD CMR has been shown to be able to detect myocardial perfusion differences. However, validation of BOLD CMR against FFR is lacking. Aim of our study was to analyze the potential diagnostic accuracy of blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in comparison to invasively measured fractional ...
Barbosa Daniel - - 2012
Real-time 3D echocardiography (RT3DE) has already been shown to be an accurate tool for left ventricular (LV) volume assessment. However, LV border detection in RT3DE remains a time-consuming task jeopardizing the application of this modality in routine practice. We have recently developed a 3D automated segmentation framework (BEAS) able to ...
Puntmann Valentina O - - 2012
AIMS: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a reference standard imaging technique in assessment of cardiomyopathies due to the accurate measurement of cardiac volumes and mass. In clinical routine, transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the standard first-line technique and is commonly used for follow-up. In this study we examined how CMR-derived measurement ...
Szabó Zoltán - - 2012
For direct visualization of myocardial ischemia during cardiac surgery, we tested the feasibility of presenting infrared (IR) tissue temperature maps in situ during surgery. A new augmented reality (AR) system, consisting of an IR camera and an integrated projector having identical optical axes, was used, with a high resolution IR ...
Zhang Di - - 2012
Auscultation is a widely used efficient technique by cardiologists for detecting the heart conditions. Since the mechanical prosthetic heart valves are widely used today, it is important to develop a simple and efficient method to detect abnormal mechanical valves. In this paper, the mechanical prosthetic heart valve sounds are analyzed ...
Xin Wei - - 2012
CONTEXT: The effects of fish oil on cardiac function, ventricular remodelling and functional capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate effects of fish oil on cardiac function and related parameters in CHF patients. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, the ...
Rafie Reza - - 2012
In spite of improvements in heart failure management and increasing utilization of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), approximately 30-40% of CRT patients remain nonresponders and 50% or more are echocardiographic nonresponders (defined as less than 15% reduction in left ventricular end systolic volume post-CRT). Optimization guided by echocardiography has been studied ...
Meziani F - - 2012
Phonocardiograms (PCG) are recordings of the acoustic waves produced by the mechanical action of the heart. They generally consist of two kinds of acoustic vibrations: heart sounds and heart murmurs. Heart murmurs are often the first signs of pathological changes of the heart valves, and are usually found during auscultation ...
Naresh Nivedita K - - 2012
To test the hypothesis that magnetic resonance (MR) imaging R1 (R1 = 1/T1) mapping after selectively labeling monocytes with a T1-shortening contrast agent in vivo would enable the quantitative measurement of their spatiotemporal kinetics in the setting of infarct healing. All procedures were performed in mice and were approved by ...
Bischoff Bernhard - - 2012
CT-based myocardial perfusion imaging (CTP) has been shown to accurately detect myocardial perfusion defects when compared to SPECT. When performing single-phase first-pass stress CTP, timing is of major importance. The aim of this study was to provide guidance for optimal timing of single-phase first-pass stress CTP acquisitions. 16 patients (12 ...
Jabbour Andrew - - 2012
Improved multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) temporal and spatial resolution allows for the assessment of coronary artery disease, left ventricular systolic function and resting myocardial perfusion defects with high sensitivity and specificity. Here we present a case using a novel combination technique of cardiac computed tomography scanning with dipyridamole stress for ...
Aksakal Enbiya - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Studies investigating the comparison and interchangeability of transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) regarding left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function are limited. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate agreement between TTE and TEE in the assessment of LV systolic functions by longitudinal myocardial deformation imaging (strain-S ...
Binsalamah Ziyad Mohammed - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is comprised of a group of disorders affecting the heart and blood vessels of the human body and is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Current therapy for CVD is limited to the treatment of already established disease, and it includes pharmacological and/or surgical procedures, ...
Bernstein Richard A - - 2012
Patients with ischemic stroke and atrial fibrillation (AF) are treated with long-term oral anticoagulation (OAC) because it is considerably more effective than antiplatelet (AP) therapy for the prevention of subsequent strokes and systemic emboli. Therefore, detecting AF changes therapy and makes secondary prevention more effective. Technology for detection of rare ...
Wyffels Leonie L Department of Radiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, - - 2012
A fluorescent zinc 2,2'-dipicolylamine coordination complex PSVue®794 (probe 1) is known to selectively bind to phosphatidylserine exposed on the surface of apoptotic and necrotic cells. In this study, we investigated the cell death targeting properties of probe 1 in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. A rat heart model of ischemia-reperfusion was used. ...
Arnold Jayanth R JR University of Oxford Centre for Clinical Magnetic Resonance Research, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of blood oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) MRI in suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). By exploiting the paramagnetic properties of deoxyhemoglobin, BOLD magnetic resonance imaging can detect myocardial ischemia. We applied BOLD imaging and first-pass perfusion techniques to: 1) examine the ...
Sakakura Kenichi - - 2012
Although rotational atherectomy (RA) is used for complex lesions in percutaneous coronary intervention, there are several contraindications and precautions. The purpose of our study was to compare complications between off-label and on-label use of RA. We identified 250 consecutive patients who underwent RA. Off-label characteristics included saphenous vein graft lesions, ...
Cherk Martin H - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the reproducibility of serial re-acquisitions of gated Tl-201 and Tc-99m sestamibi left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) measurements obtained on a new generation solid-state cardiac camera system during myocardial perfusion imaging and the importance of manual operator optimization of left ventricular wall tracking. METHODS: Resting blinded automated (auto) ...
Sugiura Takamasa - - 2012
PURPOSE: For accurate evaluation of myocardial perfusion on computed tomography images, precise identification of the myocardial borders of the left ventricle (LV) is mandatory. In this article, we propose a method to detect the contour of LV myocardium automatically and accurately. METHODS: Our detection method is based on active shape ...
Chiribiri Amedeo A Division of Imaging Sciences, King's College London BHF Centre of Excellence, NIHR Biomedical Research Centre and Wellcome Trust and EPSRC Medical Engineering Centre at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, The Rayne Institute, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
The aim of this article is to describe a novel hardware perfusion phantom that simulates myocardial first-pass perfusion allowing comparisons between different MR techniques and validation of the results against a true gold standard. MR perfusion images were acquired at different myocardial perfusion rates and variable doses of gadolinium and ...
Kulkarni Prashanth - - 2012
The efficacy, safety and applicability of Inoue balloon technique for BMV are clearly established worldwide in selected subset of patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS). However, in altered cardiac anatomy it offers technical challenges. Distorted cardiac anatomy and cardiac malpositions considerably increase the complications involved in interatrial septal puncture and ...
Tsai I-Chen - - 2012
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Advanced ischemic heart disease is usually accompanied by left ventricular (LV) myocardial volume loss and an abnormal enhancing pattern on delayed phase of multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT). To assist radiologists and physicians in estimating the LV myocardial volume on delayed phase, this paper proposes an adaptive ...
Isoda Susumu - - 2012
Background: Residual shunting and mortality are problems associated with current surgical repair techniques for post-infarction ventricular septal defects.Methods: We describe the mid-term results of the "sandwich technique" to repair a post-infarction ventricular septal defect (VSD), performed via a right ventricle incision. Application of direct ultrasonography to the right ventricular wall ...
Thorstensen Anders - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a new method for direct echocardiographic quantification of the myocardial infarct size, using late enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (LE-MRI) as a reference method. METHODS AND RESULTS: Echocardiography and LE-MRI were performed on average 31 days after first-time myocardial infarction in ...
Cheng Chien-Ming - - 2012
AIMS: It is time consuming to obtain optimal interventricular (VV) delay by conventional methods. This study is designed to compare quick optimization between intracardiac electrogram (IEGM) with surface electrocardiogram (ECG)-guided VV delay optimization for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-one heart failure patients (M/F = 34/17, age = 71 ...
Sanz Javier - - 2012
Several noninvasive imaging modalities, particularly cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), have of late provided important diagnostic and prognostic insights into various cardiomyopathies. Myocardial delayed enhancement on CMR after administration of contrast accurately delineates a scar, a powerful marker of poor prognosis in dilated cardiomyopathy. Also in heart failure, loss of integrity ...
Liu Hong - - 2012
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Segmentation of the left ventricle (LV) is very important in the assessment of cardiac functional parameters. The aim of this study is to develop a novel and robust algorithm which can improve the accuracy of automatic LV segmentation on short-axis cardiac magnetic resonance images (MRI). MATERIALS AND ...
George Richard T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Computed tomography coronary angiography (CTA) has been shown to be accurate in detecting anatomic coronary arterial obstruction, but is limited for the detection of myocardial ischemia. The primary aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of 320-row CT perfusion imaging (CTP) to detect atherosclerosis causing myocardial ischemia. ...
Agostoni Pierfrancesco - - 2012
Aims: The percutaneous treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions remains hampered by suboptimal results, mainly in the side branch (SB), even with the use of drug-eluting stents. Dedicated bifurcation stents could provide an attractive alternative to improve early outcomes and reduce SB restenosis. We aimed to assess in a prospective single-arm ...
Pijls Nico H J NH Department of Cardiology, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, Eindhoven, the Netherlands. - - 2012
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is considered nowadays as the gold standard for invasive assessment of physiologic stenosis significance and an indispensable tool for decision making in coronary revascularization. Use of FFR in the catheterization laboratory accurately identifies which lesions should be stented and improves the outcome in most elective clinical ...
Ko Sung Min - - 2012
The purpose of our study was to prospectively evaluate the incremental diagnostic value of combined dual-source coronary CT angiography (CTA) and CT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for the detection of significant coronary stenoses. Forty-five patients with known coronary artery disease detected by dual-source coronary CTA were investigated by adenosine-induced stress ...
Henjes Christiane R - - 2012
Objective-To evaluate the use of retrospectively ECG-gated, contrast-enhanced, multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) for assessment of left ventricular function in dogs and to compare the results with those obtained by use of 2-D and M-mode echocardiographc techniques. Animals-10 healthy Beagles. Procedures-Dogs underwent MDCT (performed by use of a 64-detector row ...
Zoffoli Giampaolo - - 2012
Cardiac rupture is a life-threatening event that often occurs after myocardial infarction and is often associated with significant death. Pericardiocentesis provides hemodynamic short-term improvement; however, patients with cardiac rupture require an emergency operation. This report describes a new procedure used to repair left ventricle free wall rupture after myocardial infarction. ...
Vliegenthart Rozemarijn - - 2012
This article reviews the CT-based approaches aimed at the assessment of myocardial infarction, ischemia, and viability described in the recent literature. Rapid advances in CT technology not only have improved visualization of coronary arteries but also increasingly enable noncoronary myocardial applications, including analysis of wall motion and the state of ...
Badano Luigi P - - 2012
The advent of three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) has significantly improved the impact of non-invasive imaging on our understanding and management of cardiac diseases in clinical practice. Transthoracic 3DE enables an easier, more accurate and reproducible interpretation of the complex cardiac anatomy, overcoming the intrinsic limitations of conventional echocardiography. The availability of ...
Andrade Jason G - - 2012
Focal point-by-point radiofrequency catheter ablation has shown considerable success in the treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. However, it is not without limitations. Recent clinical and preclinical studies have demonstrated that cryothermal ablation using a balloon catheter (Artic Front©, Medtronic CryoCath LP) provides an effective alternative strategy to treating atrial fibrillation. ...
Pillai Ajith Ananthakrishna AA Department of Cardiology, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India. - - 2012
Bifurcation percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is still a difficult call for the interventionist despite advancements in the instrumentation, technical skill and the imaging modalities. With major cardiac events relate to the side-branch (SB) compromise, the concept and practice of dedicated bifurcation stents seems exciting. Several designs of such dedicated stents ...
Kong Tao - - 2012
A label-free biosensor for electrical detection of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a highly sensitive and selective biomarker of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), is demonstrated using silicon nanowire (SiNW) based field-effect transistors (FETs). The FET devices were fabricated by a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) compatible top-down approach to define the ...
Ryo Keiko - - 2012
Background: Isometric handgrip stress test is a simple method for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the value of this method alone is limited by relatively low sensitivity. This study thus aimed to investigate the usefulness of two-dimensional speckle-tracking strain combined with handgrip for CAD patients. Method: We studied 35 ...
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