Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1623
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Kistler Peter M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrhythmias may present with palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness and syncope. Diagnosis may be complicated by an inability to document the arrhythmia particularly when symptoms are infrequent and short lived. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to provide an overview of the pharmacological management of supraventricular tachycardia including ...
Oosterhoff Peter - - 2007
Hypertrophy and heart failure are associated with an enhanced propensity for cardiac arrhythmias and a high mortality rate. Altered repolarization might play a role in the occurrence of these ventricular arrhythmias. Beat-to-beat variability of repolarization duration (BVR) has been proposed as a parameter for detection of an unstable, and less ...
Portaluppi Francesco - - 2007
It is now well established that nearly all functions of the body, including those that influence the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of medications, exhibit significant 24-hour variation. The electrical properties of the heart as well as cardiac arrhythmias also vary as circadian rhythms, even though the suboptimal methods initially used for ...
Doenst T - - 2007
Since the advent of implantable cardioverters/defibrillators (ICD) and percutaneous ablation, surgery for the treatment of ventricular arrhythmia has decreased tremendously. Nevertheless, surgical treatment of ventricular arrhythmias is still required, especially for cases where ICD discharge occurs very frequently or in patients with other indications for surgery. The choice of surgical ...
Coudry Virginie - - 2007
Ventricular dysrhythmias are more commonly associated with myocardial disease than are supraventricular dysrhythmias. Management of arrhythmias under general anesthesia is difficult because of the dysrhythmogenic effects of the anesthetic drugs. This report describes a severe ventricular dysrhythmia observed in a pony under general anesthesia, with a severe and old myocardial ...
Santambrogio Luisa - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Accurate identification of patients at risk for ventricular arrhythmias is critical to prevent sudden cardiac death. The perioperative period is usually regarded as one of risk for potential triggering conditions. This review focuses on the anaesthesiologic risk of inherited arrhythmias whose aetiology is a mutation in genes ...
Kim Robert J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare and contrast the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of outflow tract arrhythmias. BACKGROUND: Idiopathic ventricular outflow tract arrhythmias manifest clinically in 3 forms: 1) paroxysmal sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (SMVT), 2) repetitive nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT), or 3) premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). Although these arrhythmias ...
Omeroglu Rukiye Eker - - 2007
Early detection of arrhythmias after congenital heart disease surgery is important because it can help decrease morbidity and mortality. Standard electrocardiograms (ECGs) contain frequencies between 0.05 and 100 Hz, but higher frequencies are also present. Using high-resolution technology, the highest amplitudes of these high-frequency components within the QRS complex can ...
Fazio Giovanni - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Isolated left ventricular noncompaction is the result of incomplete myocardial morphogenesis, leading to persistence of the embryonic myocardium. The condition is recognised by an excessively prominent trabecular meshwork and deep intertrabecular recesses of the left ventricle. Whether these intertrabecular recesses are a favorable substrate for supraventricular arrhythmias is unclear, ...
Lai F M - - 2007
A 31-year-old primiparous, healthy woman presented for emergency caesarean section. Following the siting of a spinal anaesthetic, seconds after starting a phenylephrine infusion, she developed ventricular bigeminy. She reverted to sinus rhythm spontaneously when the phenylephrine infusion was stopped at delivery. The possible proarrhythmic and antiarrhythmic effects of phenylephrine are ...
Hashimoto Keitaro - - 2007
The aim of this study was to classify antiarrhythmic drugs based on their effectiveness on 6 in vivo arrhythmia models, mainly using dogs. The models were produced by two-stage coronary ligation, digitalis, halothane-adrenaline, programmed electrical stimulation in old myocardial infarction dogs, coronary artery occlusion/reperfusion, or chronic atrioventricular block. Na(+)-channel-blocking drugs ...
Fazio Giovanni - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Isolated left ventricular non-compaction is the result of incomplete myocardial morphogenesis, leading to persistence of the embryonic myocardium. The condition is recognized by an excessively prominent trabecular meshwork and deep intertrabecular recesses of the left ventricle. Whether these intertrabecular recesses are a favorable substrate for ventricular arrhythmias is unclear. ...
Rekawek Joanna - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Early postoperative arrhythmias are a recognized complication of pediatric cardiac surgery. METHODS: Diagnosis and treatment of early postoperative arrhythmias were prospectively analyzed in 402 consecutive patients aged 1 day to 18 years (mean 29.5 months) who underwent operation between January and December 2005 at our institute. All children were ...
Kostapanos M S - - 2007
Sudden cardiac death, which is mainly associated with the presence of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias, is a common 'killer' among patients with coronary artery disease. Moreover, atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia encountered in the clinical practice. The beneficial effect of statins on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is well-established, while ...
Bar-Meir Eran - - 2007
Organophosphate poisoning may precipitate complex ventricular arrhythmias, a frequently overlooked and potentially lethal aspect of this condition. Acute effects consist of electrocardiographic ST-T segment changes and AV conduction disturbances of varying degrees, while long-lasting cardiac changes include QT prolongation, polymorphic tachycardia ("Torsades de Pointes"), and sudden cardiac death. Cardiac monitoring ...
Walsh Stewart R - - 2007
New-onset arrhythmias are a common problem in cardiothoracic surgery. They are also common following major non-cardiac surgery. This review examines the available literature to establish the incidence and significance of new-onset arrhythmias following major non-cardiothoracic surgery. A literature search was performed using the Medline and Pubmed databases using the terms ...
Arevalo Hermenegild H Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, - - 2007
The mechanisms of initiation of ventricular arrhythmias as well as those behind the complex spatiotemporal wave dynamics and its filament organization during ventricular fibrillation (VF) are the topic of intense research and debate. Mechanistic inquiry into the various mechanisms that lead to arrhythmia initiation and VF maintenance is hampered by ...
Breckenridge Ross A - - 2007
Isolated ventricular non-compaction is an increasingly commonly diagnosed myocardial disorder characterised by excessive and prominent trabeculation of the morphologically left, and occasionally the right, ventricle. This is associated with high rates of thromboembolism, cardiac failure, and cardiac arrhythmia. Recent improvements in understanding the embryonic processes underlying ventricular formation have led ...
Biyik I - - 2007
AIM: Sudden death is a well known complication of prosthetic heart valve disease. Complex ventricular arrhythmias have been suggested as the cause of this event in part. In this study, we aimed to investigate the incidence and severity of complex ventricular arrhythmias in patients with mechanical heart valves and the ...
Miniati Irene - - 2007
Heart involvement is a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in autoimmune diseases. All cardiac structures can be involved: pericardium, endocardium, myocardium, coronary circle, and conduction system. In the last decade many patients affected by autoimmune diseases have been treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; the vast majority of these ...
Vignati Gabriele - - 2007
Knowledge about cardiac arrhythmias has significantly improved in the last 20 years, and the improvements in diagnosis and in therapy have also had important effects on the management of pediatric arrhythmias. In this paper, the most important developments in the field of management of pediatric arrhythmias (fetal arrhythmias, genetics, pharmacological ...
Minami Mayumi M Tohma Health Evaluation and Promotion Center, Kumagaya, Japan. - - 2007
A regular electrocardiogram (ECG) performed for about 20 seconds may fail to detect arrhythmia, whereas a prolonged ECG may detect arrhythmia in cases where the regular ECG is negative. In the present study, we examined the effectiveness of a 3-minute ECG for detection of arrhythmia. The frequency of newly detected ...
Rossi Stefano S Dipartimento di Biologia Evolutiva e Funzionale, Sezione Fisiologia, Università degli Studi, Parma, - - 2007
Cardiac arrhythmias are frequent in the elderly population, perhaps secondary to an increased prevalence of hypertension and coronary artery disease as well as aging related changes resulting in loss of pacemaker cells and degenerative alteration of the conduction system. Independent from underlying structural heart disease, advanced age alone appears to ...
Carvalho Julene S - - 2007
To evaluate the clinical application of simultaneous recordings of pulsed wave Doppler (PWD) signals in pulmonary artery and vein as alternative sampling site for assessment of arrhythmias in the fetus. Prospective, cross-sectional study. Tertiary referral centre for fetal cardiology. From July 1999 to July 2005 PWD was used in pulmonary ...
Nattel Stanley - - 2006
Normal cardiac function requires an appropriate and regular beating rate (cardiac rhythm). When the heart rhythm is too fast or too slow, cardiac function can be impaired, with derangements that vary from mild symptoms to life-threatening complications. Irregularities, particularly those involving excessively fast or slow rates, constitute cardiac 'arrhythmias'. In ...
Mukamal Kenneth J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tea consumption is associated with lower post-infarct mortality among patients with acute myocardial infarction. We previously found preliminary evidence that tea consumption may also be associated with lower risk of infarct-related ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS: Between 1989 and 1996, 3882 subjects with AMI were enrolled in the two phases of ...
Doane Cynthia J - - 2006
Although cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the captive chimpanzee population, little is known about the prevalence and etiology of heart disease in this species. We reviewed the physical exam records of 265 common chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) for electrocardiogram abnormalities. During the 24-mo period reviewed (August 2003 ...
Stopper Matthew M Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, - - 2007
Anger can precipitate ventricular arrhythmias in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). Determining electrophysiologic characteristics of anger-triggered arrhythmias may help elucidate the mechanisms that link emotion and arrhythmia. We sought to compare the morphology and initiation pattern between ventricular arrhythmias that are triggered by anger and those that are not. At ...
Hayashi George - - 2006
Early results of the arterial switch operation (ASO) for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) are good, but there are few mid- and long-term data on postoperative arrhythmias, especially in Japan. In this study, clinical data on 624 1-year survivors who had an ASO between 1976 and 1995 were collected ...
Sasano Tetsuo T Heart and Vascular Research Center, MetroHealth Hospital, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Rammelkamp 653, 2500 MetroHealth Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44109, - - 2006
Ventricular tachycardia is a common and lethal complication after myocardial infarction. Here we show that focal transfer of a gene encoding a dominant-negative version of the KCNH2 potassium channel (KCNH2-G628S) to the infarct scar border eliminated all ventricular arrhythmias in a porcine model. No proarrhythmia or other negative effects were ...
Holden Arun V - - 2006
Methods for the experimental and clinical investigation of cardiac arrhythmias are limited to inferring propagation within the myocardium, from surface measurements, or from electrodes at a few sites within the cardiac wall. Biophysically and anatomically detailed computational models of cardiac tissues offer a powerful way for studying the electrical propagation ...
DePaula Rogério Silva - - 2007
AIMS: To evaluate cardiac arrhythmias and rhythm disturbances on 24 h ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring in a cohort of asymptomatic healthy individuals with normal clinical examination. METHODS AND RESULTS: 625 asymptomatic healthy individuals, in the age range 15-83 (mean 42, SD 11.9) years; 276 (44.2%) men and 349 (55.8%) women were ...
Watkins Lana L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Findings of an association between phobic anxiety and elevated risks of sudden cardiac death suggest that phobic anxiety may be related to increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias. The purpose of this study was to examine whether phobic anxiety is associated with ventricular arrhythmias in patients with documented coronary artery ...
Korte T - - 2006
The mechanisms by which gender affects cardiac electrophysiological parameters and alters the predisposition to certain arrhythmias are not well understood, although differences in the expression and function of ion channels and in the activation of the autonomic nervous system may contribute. In their study Philp and coworkers address the issue ...
Akar Joseph G - - 2006
Sudden cardiac death due to ventricular arrhythmias is a major cause of mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). As HF develops, a host of changes occur at multiple levels, spanning the spectrum from subcellular/molecular to organ-system levels. These changes, collectively referred to as "cardiac remodeling," predispose to electrical disturbances ...
Ma Long-le - - 2007
Acute transmural ischaemia often shortens ventricular repolarization and increases repolarization dispersion, leading to life threatening ventricular arrhythmias in animal models and human subjects. Experimental studies and clinical observations have shown that acute subendocardial ischaemia rarely causes serious ventricular arrhythmia. We hypothesized that the different arrhythmia outcomes between transmural and subendocardial ...
Qu Zhilin - - 2006
Cardiac arrhythmias, characterized by single or multiple reentrant circuits, represent a dynamic phenomenon in an excitable medium. In this review, we provide a brief overview of how cardiac action potential duration restitution, conduction velocity restitution, and intracellular calcium cycling regulate the dynamics of action potential excitation and wave propagation in ...
Stuber Thomas - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Clustering ventricular arrhythmias are the consequence of acute ventricular electrical instability and represent a challenge in the management of the growing number of patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Triggering factors can rarely be identified. OBJECTIVES: Several studies have revealed seasonal variations in the frequency of cardiovascular events and ...
Heidbüchel Hein - - 2006
This document by the Study Group on Sports Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology extends on previous recommendations for sports participation for competitive athletes by also incorporating guidelines for those who want to perform recreational physical activity. For different supraventricular arrhythmias and arrhythmogenic conditions, a description of the relationship ...
Chowdhury Ujjwal K - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the myocardial histopathology and ultrastructure in patients with tetralogy of Fallot and to identify the histopathologic characteristics that may predispose patients to postoperative myocardial dysfunction and arrhythmias. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Operatively resected crista supraventricularis muscle from 183 patients undergoing intracardiac repair ...
Sénéchal Mario - - 2006
Myocardial involvement in polymyositis is occasionally suspected, but symptomatic cardiac dysfunction is rarely reported. Described in the present report is a 48-year-old woman with a two-year history of polymyositis who suddenly developed near fatal ventricular arrhythmia, and a 56-year-old man with a relapsing polymyositis who developed severe systolic dysfunction. These ...
Wieneke Heinrich - - 2006
AIMS: There is a need for better identification of patients at high risk for malignant arrhythmias who would benefit from implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD). The purpose of this study was to assess whether the C825T polymorphism in the G-protein beta3 subunit gene, GNB3, might serve as a genetic marker for ...
Rahimi Kazem - - 2006
AIMS: The incidence of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is increasing. With the limited intensive care facilities, knowledge of the total risk and predictors of acute life-threatening arrhythmias is of major interest to guide the decision on the intensity of care at the time of admission. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
Ren An-Jing - - 2006
Endothelin (ET)-1(1-21) is known to play an important role in the pathogenesis of acute ischemic arrhythmia. In the present study, we attempted to determine whether administration of ET-1(1-31) would result in arrhythmia in perfused isolated rat hearts. Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats weighing approximately 250-350 g were randomized into 6 groups. Heart ...
Delaney Jeffrey W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Early postoperative arrhythmias are a known complication of cardiac surgery; however, little data exists specific to pediatrics. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors associated with the development of arrhythmias immediately after surgery in a pediatric population. METHODS: Data were collected in a ...
Tarditi Daniel J - - 2006
Cardiac arrhythmias are a common problem encountered in the intensive care unit (ICU) and represent a major source of morbidity. Arrhythmias are most likely to occur in patients with structural heart disease. The inciting factor for an arrhythmia in a given patient may be an insult such as hypoxia, infection, ...
Rich D Q - - 2006
It has previously been reported that the risk of ventricular arrhythmias is positively associated with ambient air pollution among patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) in Boston. To assess the association of community exposures to air pollution with ventricular arrhythmias in a cohort of ICD patients in metropolitan St Louis, ...
Weber Stefan - - 2006
A 28-year-old female with corrected anomalous pulmonary venous drainage presented with multiple atrial arrhythmias many years later. Ablation techniques eliminated most of the arrhythmias except atrial tachycardia with 1:1 AV conduction. A dual-chamber pacemaker with antiatrial tachycardia features was implanted and was shown to be effective in arrhythmia control when ...
Yilmaz Fahrettin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The cardiac complications of adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) have been investigated by many scientists by using supplemental diagnostic modalities such as echocardiography. But, arrhythmia analysis has not been studied adequately in patients with ATH. This study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of arrhythmias, heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate ...
Brouwer Ingeborg A - - 2006
n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) are suggested to prevent cardiac death via inhibition of cardiac arrhythmia. In this review we discuss the results of human studies on intake of n-3 PUFAs and heart disease and, more specifically, on cardiac arrhythmia. Observational studies indicate that intake of fish is associated ...
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