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Results 451 - 500 of 1620
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Zhu Bing-Mei - - 2003
The blockade of myocardial K(ATP) channels may be antiarrhythmic for ischemic arrhythmias. A new sulfonylthiourea, HMR1098 (1-[5-[2-(5-chloro-o-anisamido)ethyl]-2-methoxyphenylsulfonyl]-3-methylthiourea, sodium salt), was demonstrated to be a cardioselective K(ATP)-channel antagonist and to suppress arrhythmias during acute ischemia. We investigated effects of HMR1098 on the arrhythmias induced by programmed electrical stimulation (PES) in a ...
Hastings Laura A - - 2003
Cardiac arrhythmias remain a major source of morbidity, mortality, and prolonged postoperative hospital stay in surgical patients. Recent studies in patients experiencing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest have expanded our knowledge in the management of cardiac arrhythmias. Future advances require additional studies focused on the unique proarrhythmic substrates in surgical patients, to ...
Behling Alice - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Increased ventricular arrhythmia density and reduced heart rate variability are associated with risk of death in patients with heart failure. Cholinesterase inhibition with pyridostigmine bromide increases heart rate variability in normal subjects, but its effect on patients with heart failure is unknown. In this study, we tested the hypothesis ...
Cortesi Cinzia - - 2003
Potassium deficiency predisposes to cardiac arrhythmias culminating in syncope or sudden death. Because of the uncertainty related to the possible occurrence of such cardiac arrhythmias in the context of normotensive-hypokalemic tubulopathies, 19 European pediatric nephrologists with a large experience of normotensive-hypokalemic tubulopathies were asked to answer a questionnaire. The responses ...
Heidbüchel Hein - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic abnormalities and premature ventricular contractions are common in athletes and are generally benign. However, the specific outcome of high-level endurance athletes with frequent and complex ventricular arrhythmias is unclear. Also, information on the predictive accuracy of different investigations in this subgroup is unknown. RESULTS: We report on 46 ...
Koyama Motohiro - - 2003
We had previously reported that activation of histamine H(3)-receptors (H(3)R) on cardiac adrenergic nerve terminals decreases norepinephrine (NE) overflow from ischemic hearts and alleviates reperfusion arrhythmias. Thus, we used transgenic mice lacking H(3)R (H(3)R(-/-)) to investigate whether ischemic arrhythmias might be more severe in H(3)R(-/-) hearts than in hearts with ...
Copie Xavier - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Changes in autonomic regulation of the heart may be responsible for the occurrence of arrhythmias. Although a decrease in 24-hour heart rate variability is a strong predictor of subsequent arrhythmias in patients with heart disease, many questions remain unanswered concerning changes in heart rate and heart rate variability in ...
Rozenberg V D - - 2003
Pathomorphological criteria of arrhythmogenic heart include structural compartmentalization with primary changes in the right ventricle and interventricular septum, fibro- and lipomatosis of the myocardium, and disseminated coronary obstruction. Ischemic focuses in the conducting system are the site of formation of arrhythmogenic substance promoting the development and progression of cardiac arrhythmias. ...
Darbin O - - 2003
Convulsive seizures triggered by maximal electroshock (MES) induce profound abnormalities in neural regulation of cardiac rhythm that are manifested by a period of marked cardiac arrhythmia in the immediate postictal state. It is not known whether seizure severity or seizure experience may influence the duration of cardiac arrhythmia in the ...
Carels Robert A - - 2003
Ventricular arrhythmia exhibits considerable within-subject variability that cannot be attributed to clinical status alone. This investigation examined the extent to which cardiac arrhythmia was associated with psychological and physical factors assessed during the hour preceding arrhythmic or nonarrhythmic activity. Approximately twice hourly, 46 patients randomly completed a diary assessing mood ...
Gutstein David E - - 2003
Programmed electrical stimulation (PES) is a crucial aspect of the evaluation of the risk of arrhythmias in cardiac patients and provides a powerful tool for understanding the mechanisms of arrhythmia in experimental models. Whereas PES in the mouse is well characterized, the procedures allowing for follow-up studies in the same ...
Bauer Alexander - - 2003
Although, sodium channel blockers have the ability to suppress nonsustained ventricular arrhythmias, an excessive drug-associated arrhythmic death rate has been reported in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Sodium channel blockers should prevent initiation of reentry activation by reducing directional differences in cardiac conduction (anisotropy). However, in vitro data demonstrated, ...
Aronson Doron - - 2003
Hypoglycemic sulfonylureas block cardiac ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K(ATP)). The opening of these channels in cardiomyocytes can induce arrhythmias. In animal studies, sulfonylureas exert an antiarrhythmic effect on the ischemic myocardium, but data on human arrhythmic events are lacking. The study population included 207 patients (age 61 +/- 14 years) admitted ...
Leprán István - - 2003
Heart failure is frequently associated with cardiac arrhythmias. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of levosimendan, a new cardiotonic drug for the treatment of congestive heart failure, on experimental ischaemic arrhythmias. Acute coronary artery occlusion was produced in conscious rats 7-10 days after placement of ...
Wang Jinrong - - 2003
The previous experimental studies have demonstrated that addition of Huang Qi ([symbol: see text] Radix Astragali) to the formulated recipe Sheng Mai Yin ([symbol: see text] Decoction for Pulse-activation) exerts the effects of strengthening the myodynamia, increasing the coronary flow, improving myocardial metabolism, and resisting the arrhythmia. The active component ...
Roche Frédéric - - 2003
The relationship between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), cardiac arrhythmias, and conduction disturbances in adults remains controversial. Early studies showed a higher prevalence than more recent and designed epidemiological studies. To clarify the actual prevalence of cardiac arrhythmias and conduction disturbances in patients referred for assessment of OSAS, a prospective ...
Aida A. Hussein
The present study is a trial to suppress or attenuate the cardiotoxicity of catecholamines, which have been developed synthetically for the treatment of several cardiovascular disorders and conditions such as asthma and nasal congestion. Epinephrine (Adrenaline) is the most commonly available inotrope and in many cases the most appropriate drug ...
Ashburn David A - - 2003
As patients with congenital heart disease increase in number and age, arrhythmia is becoming a more prevalent and important clinical problem. Although catheter-based therapy has revolutionized the management of arrhythmia, there remains an increasing patient population with congenital heart disease presenting for repair or reoperation with associated atrial or ventricular ...
Greenwood J P - - 2003
A 35 year old woman was admitted to the emergency department two hours after ingesting 60x20 mg tablets of nicorandil, total 1.2 g. The dominant feature of icorandil toxicity was profound peripheral vasodilatation associated with coronary hypoperfusion. Despite widespread electrocardiographic signs of myocardial ischaemia, there was no evidence of myocardial ...
Mavroudis Constantine - - 2003
Surgical arrhythmia therapy may be performed for patients failing the catheter ablation approach or incorporated into repair of complex congenital heart disease. Variations in atrial and ventricular anatomy that may limit the catheter approach can be directly addressed surgically assuring lesion depth and continuity of anatomic lines of block. Between ...
Bleakley Jeffrey F - - 2003
Patients with ventricular arrhythmias are often restricted from driving by their physicians for several months. These recommendations are based more on convention than evidence, due to the paucity of data previously available on the safety of driving in these patients. Over the past few years, however, more data have become ...
Freestone Bethan - - 2003
Cardiac arrhythmias are difficult to define epidemiologically. It therefore follows that data available on their actual incidence and prevalence is limited. Although many of the available studies can be criticised due to methodological flaws, overall there do appear to be some differences in the incidence and prevalence of arrhythmias in ...
Shusterman Vladimir - - 2003
Diminished beat-to-beat variations in cardiac cycle lengths (CLs) are associated with poor prognosis after acute myocardial infarction and in patients with heart failure. Short-long-short sequences of cardiac cycles, or ultra-short rhythm instabilities, precede initiation of ventricular tachyarrhythmias in some patients. However, little is known about clinical or prognostic significance of ...
Hynes B. John - - 2002
Both atrial and ventricular arrhythmias are very common in patients with congestive heart failure, and their presence is associated with symptoms, significant morbidity, and mortality. Studies have attempted to determine the prognostic significance of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias in patients with heart failure. Whether atrial fibrillation is an independent risk ...
Stratznig P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Stenosis or obstruction of the sinus node artery (SNA) of the heart can cause cardiac arrhythmia and even sudden death. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the detectability of the SNA using electron beam computed tomography (EBCT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty patients (mean age: 61 +/- 10 ...
Hoffman T M - - 2002
A pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) manages critically ill children and adults with congenital or acquired heart disease. These patients are at increased risk for arrhythmias. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the incidence of arrhythmias in a pediatric CICU patient population. All patients admitted to ...
Rein A J J T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Precise diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias in the fetus is crucial for a managed therapeutic approach. However, many technical, positional, and gestational age-related limitations may render conventional methods, such as M-mode and Doppler flow methodologies, or newer techniques, such as fetal electrocardiography or magnetocardiography, difficult to apply, or these techniques ...
Stephenson Elizabeth A - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies in adult populations have revealed seasonal variation in the frequency of acute cardiovascular events, including life-threatening arrhythmias, demonstrating increased events during winter and early spring. Trends in the time of day that arrhythmias occur also were noted. We sought to establish whether pediatric and young adult congenital ...
Fischer Avi - - 2002
The control of life-threatening arrhythmias in the prevention of sudden cardiac death has been a long-standing challenge to clinicians. Large-scale, randomized, controlled trials have contributed immensely to our understanding of the management of life-threatening arrhythmias. There are many causes of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias, which they occur mostly in the setting ...
Mbai Mackenzi - - 2002
The recognition of the role that genetic abnormalities play in the generation of cardiac arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death has evolved enormously over the past decade. One result is new insight into underlying physiologic and pathophysiologic mechanisms. New therapies based on this evolving insight are being developed. This review summarizes ...
Stein Kenneth M. - - 2002
The recent development of new technologies for in vivo three-dimensional mapping of arrhythmias has enabled a better understanding of the richness of intracardiac anatomy and the relationship between anatomy and arrhythmogenesis. In the present manuscript we review two new technologies for in vivo mapping of atrial arrhythmias and explores the ...
Heilbron Emanuela Locati - - 2002
Electrocardiographic ambulatory "Holter" monitoring (AECG) is an essential tool in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with cardiac arrhythmias. Recent advances in digital Holter technology have improved the quality of the ECG signals and new dedicated algorithms have expanded the clinical application of software-based AECG analysis systems. Due to the availability ...
Splawski Igor - - 2002
Every year, approximately 450,000 individuals in the United States die suddenly of cardiac arrhythmia. We identified a variant of the cardiac sodium channel gene SCN5A that is associated with arrhythmia in African Americans (P = 0.000028) and linked with arrhythmia risk in an African-American family (P = 0.005). In transfected ...
Meurs Kathryn M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of 4 antiarrhythmic treatment protocols on number of ventricular premature complexes (VPC), severity of arrhythmia, heart rate (HR), and number of syncopal episodes in Boxers with ventricular tachyarrhythmias. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. ANIMALS: 49 Boxers. PROCEDURE: Dogs with > 500 VPC/24 h via 24-hour ...
Fichter Joachim - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the influence of sleep-related breathing disorders (SBDs) on the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias treated with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. PATIENTS: Thirty-eight patients with LVEF of 36 +/- 13% ...
Therrien Judith - - 2002
Most adults with previous repair of tetralogy of Fallot lead unrestricted lives and are asymptomatic. Residual RVOT problems such as significant PR and/or RVOT obstruction however are common and often lead to gradual RV dilation and dysfunction with consequent supraventricular or ventricular arrhythmias. Hemodynamic causes for the tachyarrhythmia should be ...
Tristani-Firouzi Martin - - 2002
Andersen syndrome (AS) is a rare, inherited disorder characterized by periodic paralysis, long QT (LQT) with ventricular arrhythmias, and skeletal developmental abnormalities. We recently established that AS is caused by mutations in KCNJ2, which encodes the inward rectifier K(+) channel Kir2.1. In this report, we characterized the functional consequences of ...
Márquez Manlio F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring is used in clinical practice as a means of detecting cardiac arrhythmias during daily activities. Current equipment provides analysis for the detection of arrhythmias, ST-segment deviation, and more sophisticated analyses (late potentials, Q-T behavior, and heart-rate variability). However, despite the system used, a number of artifacts ...
Balaji Seshadri - - 2002
Surgical scars, volume overload and pressure overload are the three main determinants of atrial arrhythmias in patients with prior congenital heart surgery. The workup should include a thorough hemodynamic assessment. Treatment modalities available include drugs, pacemakers, catheter ablation and surgery. Despite the above, arrhythmias have a significant negative impact on ...
Armoundas Antonis A - - 2002
We review the contemporary understanding of the pathophysiology of repolarization alternans and present a perspective on the use of T-wave alternans (TWA) as a risk stratification marker of malignant ventricular arrhythmias. Several studies have demonstrated a high correlation of susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death with the existence ...
Cooklin Michael - - 2002
Heart failure is a common clinical syndrome with a high morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in medical treatment, death from dangerous ventricular arrhythmias is frequently implicated. Emerging evidence supports the use of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator for selected patients. This includes secondary prevention indications for patients who have survived life-threatening ...
Lynch Joseph J JJ - - 2002
Suppression of malignant ventricular arrhythmias by selective blockade of the cardiac slowly activating delayed rectifier current (I(Ks)) has been demonstrated with the benzodiazepine L-768673 [(R)-2-(2,4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-N-[2-oxo-5-phenyl-1-(2,2,2-trifluoro-ethyl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-benzo[e][1,4]diazepin-3-yl]acetamide] in canine models of recent and healed myocardial infarction. The present study extends the initial antiarrhythmic assessment of I(Ks) blockade by demonstrating prevention of ischemic ...
Iannini Paul B - - 2002
Macrolides, ketolides and fluoroquinolones as well as other classes of antimicrobial agents have been associated with prolongation of cardiac repolarisation. This effect is most notable with erythromycin, clarithromycin, gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin, levofloxacin and telithromycin. All of these agents produce a blockage of the HERG channel dependent potassium current in myocyte membranes ...
Paydak Hakan - - 2002
A patient who presented with a new apparent seizure was found to have abnormal electrocardiographic findings, with classic features of the Brugada syndrome. He had spontaneous episodes of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, easily inducible ventricular fibrillation at electrophysiological study in the absence of structural heart disease, and a negative neurological evaluation. ...
Parisi A - - 2002
People practising regular physical activity usually drink hydrosaline beverages. In this study is reported the case of a young football player suffering from premature ventricular beats. He used to take regularly an hydrosaline supplementation which gave him a daily intake of potassium of about 5 g. A stress test on ...
Conti Vincent R - - 2002
Most patients with cardiopulmonary disease are predisposed to develop perioperative arrhythmias with the individual patient risk depending upon the type of operative procedure performed, the risk profile of the patient, and the complexity of the post-operative course. There are several management options that may tend to prevent perioperative arrhythmias that ...
Barbosa Filho José - - 2002
We report here 2 cases of sinus arrhythmia considered to be a form of nonrespiratory sinus arrhythmia because they did not have variances in the RR interval sequence within the oscillations modulated by respiration. Because the patients had pulsus alternans similar that observed in bigeminy, and because they did not ...
Link Mark S - - 2002
Arrhythmia management has undergone a revolution in the past decade. The diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias in the athlete can be complicated by the need to compete and exercise. Some arrhythmias may be benign and asymptomatic, but others may be life threatening. Sinus bradyarrhythmias are common and even expected in ...
Amitzur Giora - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms by which adrenaline may enhance defibrillation success rate, is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To study electrophysiological effects of adrenaline during short exposure to global ischemia. METHODS: In isolated perfused feline hearts, coronary perfusion was eliminated repeatedly for 1 min with 10 min reperfusion intervals. Treatment included: (1) continuous ...
Castells David D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Amiodarone is a benzofuran derivative used to treat cardiac arrhythmias. The most-common ocular symptom is colored rings around lights. Common ocular findings include comeal micro-deposits and lens opacities. An amiodarone optic neuropathy has been described. Digoxin is a cardiac glycoside used to treat cardiac arrhythmias and heart failure. It ...
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