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Results 401 - 450 of 1287
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Antzelevitch Charles C Gordon K. Moe Scholar, Masonic Medical Research Laboratory, Utica, NY 13501-1787, USA. - - 2005
Heterogeneity of transmural ventricular repolarization in the heart has been linked to a variety of arrhythmic manifestations. Electrical heterogeneity in ventricular myocardium is due to ionic distinctions among the three principal cell types: Endocardial, M and Epicardial cells. A reduction in net repolarizing current generally leads to a preferential prolongation ...
Schimpf Rainer - - 2005
The short QT syndrome constitutes a new clinical entity that is associated with a high incidence of sudden cardiac death, syncope, and/or atrial fibrillation even in young patients and newborns. Patients with this congenital electrical abnormality are characterized by rate-corrected QT intervals<320 ms. Missense mutations in KCNH2 (HERG) linked to ...
Tanriverdi Halil - - 2005
BACKGROUND: QT dispersion (QTd) is a measure of inhomogeneous repolarization of myocardium and is used as an indicator of arrhythmogenicity. QTd is increased in myocardial hypertrophy secondary to systemic hypertension. The relation between left ventricular (LV) enlargement in endurance trained subjects and QTd is unknown. The cloning of the angiotensin-converting ...
Moss Arthur J AJ Heart Research Follow-up Program, Department of Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, USA. - - 2005
Long QT syndrome, a rare genetic disorder associated with life-threatening arrhythmias, has provided a wealth of information about fundamental mechanisms underlying human cardiac electrophysiology that has come about because of truly collaborative interactions between clinical and basic scientists. Our understanding of the mechanisms that control the critical plateau and repolarization ...
Digeos-Hasnier Sophie - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is associated with arrhythmias and sudden death. Some studies suggest that abnormalities of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) may contribute to these arrhythmias. In a family investigation with genetic analysis of patients carrying a MVP, we performed a Holter study to define the autonomic profile ...
Hamlin Robert L - - 2005
No study of a test article is complete without attempting to determine its risk for production of toxicity to all important components of cardiovascular function (e.g., electrophysiological, mechanical, biochemical, baroreceptor). Electrocardiography is extremely useful for interrogating important electrophysiological properties: chronotropy (heart rate), dromotropy (conduction through the atria and ventricles, and ...
Downes M A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Several medications have been found to prolong the QT interval in overdose. This can predispose to torsade de pointes-type ventricular tachycardia. AIMS: To analyse the effects of moclobemide deliberate self-poisoning on the length of both QT and corrected QT (QTc) intervals. METHODS: Electrocardiograms (ECG) of all patients presenting to ...
Pérez Riera Andrés Ricardo - - 2005
There are many diseases related to ion-channel disorders, so-called "channelopathies." Hereditary short QT syndrome is a clinical-electrocardiographic entity with autosomal-dominant mode of transmission and it is the most recently described channelopathy. The syndrome may affect infants, children, or young adults with strong positive family background of sudden cardiac death. Short ...
Pajouh Mehdi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The slow and rapid (I(Kr)) components of I(K) are major determinants of ventricular repolarization. Unlike I(Kr), which is homogeneously expressed across the transmural wall, I(Ks) expression is reduced in midmyocardial cells and presumably contributes significantly to transmural dispersion of repolarization. Increased dispersion of repolarization during pharmacologic blockade of I(Kr) ...
Hallowell Gayle D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the suitability of a human algorithm for calculation of continuous cardiac output from the arterial pulse waveform, in anaesthetized horses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty-four clinical cases undergoing anaesthesia for various conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cardiac output (Qt), measured by lithium dilution (QtLiDCO), was compared ...
Voss F - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Functional re-entry is thought to represent the predominant mechanism underlying ventricular arrhythmias. Functional conduction block may be caused by regional dispersion of refractoriness (ERP). Dispersion of ERP may not be evident at baseline, but may occur with sudden changes in heart rate, as ventricular arrhythmias are commonly induced by ...
Conrath Chantal E - - 2006
Most textbook knowledge on ventricular repolarization is based on animal data rather than on data from the in vivo human heart. Yet, these data have been extrapolated to the human heart, often without an appropriate caveat. Here, we review multiple aspects of repolarization, from basic membrane currents to cellular aspects ...
Milberg P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In long QT syndrome (LQTS), prolongation of the QT-interval is associated with sudden cardiac death resulting from potentially life-threatening polymorphic tachycardia of the torsade de pointes (TdP) type. Experimental as well as clinical reports support the hypothesis that calcium channel blockers such as verapamil may be an appropriate therapeutic ...
Duke Christopher - - 2005
We report a case where fetal echocardiography identified both complete heart block and ventricular tachycardia. The mother tested positive for anti-Ro antibodies. Prenatal detection of this unusual combination of arrhythmias prompted early postnatal evaluation, which revealed prolongation of the QT interval. Autoimmune mediated congenitally complete heart block associated with such ...
Korte Thomas - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Major gender-based differences in the incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmia after myocardial infarction have been shown in humans. Although the underlying mechanisms are unclear, earlier studies suggest that estrogen receptor-mediated effects play a major role in this process. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the effect of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) ...
Chander Sumeet - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The time for cardiac repolarization and homogeneity of repolarization on surface electrocardiogram is denoted by QT interval and QT dispersion, respectively. Numerous studies suggest an association between an increased dispersion of the QT interval obtained from the 12-lead electrocardiogram and increased risk for serious cardiac events. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Galetta Fabio - - 2005
Myocardial involvement is a common finding in certain myopathies, while it has not been extensively investigated in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD1A). Aim of this study was to assess in FSHD1A patients the electrical and functional properties of the myocardium. Twenty-four patients with FSHD1A (mean age 41.2+/-14.5 years) and 24 matched ...
Milliez Paul - - 2005
The European Myocardial Infarct Amiodarone Trial (EMIAT) investigated the effects of amiodarone versus placebo in patients after myocardial infarction who had left ventricular ejection fraction </=40% and were </=75 years of age. The present substudy examined whether ventricular repolarization (VR) dynamicity could differentiate patients who died from cardiac death from ...
Hong Kui - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The short QT syndrome is a newly described clinical entity characterized by the presence of a short QT interval associated with cardiac tachyarrhythmias including sudden cardiac death at a young age in otherwise healthy individuals. A genetic basis has been identified linking the disease to mutations in KCNH2 in ...
Zareba Wojciech - - 2005
Repolarization dynamics and variability are of increasing interest as Holter-derived parameters reflecting changes in myocardial vulnerability and contributing to increased risk of arrhythmic events and sudden death. Repolarization dynamics is usually defined as phenomenon describing and quantifying QT adaptation to changing heart rate. The analysis of QT-R-R slopes in long ...
Krantz Mori J - - 2005
Torsade de pointes is a rare but potentially fatal ventricular arrhythmia that is often triggered by drugs that prolong the rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval. This arrhythmia has been attributed to levacetylmethadol and methadone, synthetic opioids used to treat heroin addiction. Levacetylmethadol, a derivative of methadone, is being withdrawn from the ...
Alonso Jose Luis - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients with impaired left ventricular function have a high risk of developing ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death. Among different markers of risk, the prolongation and regional heterogeneity of repolarization are of increasing interest. However, there are limited data regarding feasibility of analyzing repolarization parameters and their dynamics in 24-hour ...
Jensen Berit T - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare measures of repolarization dynamics (QT dynamics) with other Holter risk predictors, left ventricular systolic function, and demographic characteristics to establish whether QT dynamics add independent information on risk stratification after myocardial infarction (MI). A novel QT dynamics parameter, the QT/RR variability ...
Wu Vin-Cent - - 2005
The leading cause of mortality in dialysis patients is cardiovascular complications, including ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. A reliable non-invasive predictive test of sudden death is therefore important. The interlead variation in duration of the QT interval on the surface electrocardiogram corrected with heart rate (QTc dispersion) might serve ...
Olivares José L - - 2005
The aim of this study was to compare heart abnormalities in a group of young women with anorexia nervosa at diagnosis and after weight restoration. A total of 40 young women with anorexia nervosa were evaluated, at baseline, (diagnosis) and follow-up (9 to 18 months later) and matched with 40 ...
Fauchier Laurent - - 2005
In idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC), the predictive value of QT dispersion is still under debate. This study assessed the role of QT dispersion for the long-term risk of cardiac death and of major arrhythmic events in IDC. In 162 patients with IDC (age 52+/-12 years), the QT interval on a ...
Orlowska-Baranowska Ewa - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Factors related to changes of QT dispersion (QTd) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with aortic stenosis were analyzed. METHODS: The prospective group comprised 121 consecutive patients (45 women, 76 men; mean age 58 +/- 11 years; range: 24-77 years) with significant aortic ...
Grom Andreas - - 2005
AIMS: Onset and termination of atrial fibrillation are often associated with abrupt changes in heart rate. Presence and time-course of delayed adaptation of the QT/QTc interval are unknown, but a temporary "mismatch" between rate and the QT interval may enhance the risk of proarrhythmia. METHODS: In a prospective two-part study, ...
Raghunandan D S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: QT interval on the surface electrocardiogram reflects the time for repolarization of myocardium. Prolongation of rate-corrected QT interval, QTc is strongly associated with sudden cardiac death. Recent studies using novel techniques on beat-to-beat QT interval variability have shown that an increase in QT interval variability is associated with increased ...
Baranwal Arun K - - 2005
Numerous antimicrobials including pentavalent antimonials are implicated in causing prolong QT-interval and ventricular tachycardia. Torsades de pointes is rarely documented with use of sodium stibogluconate. Here is described a 12-yr-old girl with visceral leishmaniasis, who developed syncopal attacks, prolong QT-interval, polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and torsades de pointes after completing a ...
Suto Fumiaki - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to isolate chronic ventricular rate as the primary determinant of early bradycardic ventricular electrical remodeling. BACKGROUND: Ventricular repolarization delay predisposing to potentially lethal tachydysrhythmias occurs during chronic bradycardia. Prolonged QT intervals and torsades de pointes are associated with down-regulated ventricular myocyte delayed rectifier ...
Thakur Abhash C - - 2005
Diphenhydramine overdose in one of the frequent reported causes of acute poisoning. Patients with diphenhydramine overdose can present with central nervous system manifestations, anticholinergic manifestations and cardiovascular symptoms. The cardiovascular symptoms of diphenhydramine overdose include myocardial depression and refractory hypotension. Massive ingestions have been reported to cause myocardial depressant effect ...
Milberg Peter - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Congenital and acquired long QT syndrome (LQTS) are caused by abnormalities of ionic currents underlying ventricular repolarization. For a better understanding of the mechanisms by which functional electrical instability at the level of the whole heart leads to torsade de pointes (TdP), a novel model of LQT3 was developed ...
Bjerregaard Preben - - 2005
Short QT syndrome is an inheritable primary electrical disease of the heart that was discovered in 1999. The disorder is characterized by an abnormally short QT interval (<300 ms) and a propensity to atrial fibrillation, sudden cardiac death or both. As in the case of long QT syndrome, more than ...
Kolasa Mark W - - 2005
Studies of heart failure patients have demonstrated that serial QT prolongation and abnormally prolonged QT intervals are associated with greater mortality. Serial QT interval measurements in patients who undergo orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) may quantify the degree of myocardial repolarization heterogeneity and serve as a marker of arrhythmogenic substrate. In ...
Kuusela Tom A - - 2005
In a double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled crossover study, we characterized how terbutaline prolonged cardiac corrected QT interval (QTc). The study was carried out in six young and healthy male subjects in supine position. Escalating terbutaline doses were administered intravenously at infusion rates of 6 mL/h (10 microg terbutaline/min), 12 mL/h (20 ...
Claassen Sonja - - 2005
Torsades de pointes (TdP) is a potentially fatal form of ventricular arrhythmia that occurs under conditions where cardiac repolarization is delayed (as indicated by prolonged QT intervals from electrocardiographic recordings). A likely mechanism for QT prolongation and TdP is blockade of the rapid component of the cardiac delayed rectifier K(+) ...
Yeragani V K - - 2005
QT interval on the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) reflects the time for repolarization of myocardium and prolongation of QTc is strongly associated with sudden cardiac death. Studies using novel techniques on beat-to-beat QT interval variability (QTV) have shown that it is influenced by the autonomic nervous system and is a predictor ...
Shah Rashmi R - - 2005
Drug-induced delay in ventricular repolarization and proarrhythmias have attracted considerable regulatory attention. The measure of delayed ventricular repolarization most frequently used clinically is the ability of the new chemical entity (NCE) to prolong the QTc interval on surface electrocardiogram. Before they can be approved, new chemical entities with systemic bioavailability ...
Xia Yunlong - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Activation recovery time (ART), defined as the time from the earliest ventricular activation time to the end of T wave on unipolar electrograms, has been used as an index of myocardial repolarization time. However, it is unknown whether the ART can be used to estimate the global sequence and ...
Sredniawa Beata - - 2005
The dependence on heart rate of the QT interval has been investigated for many years and several mathematical formulae have been proposed to describe the QT interval/heart rate (or QT interval/RR interval) relationship. While the most popular is Bazett's formula, it overcorrects the QT interval at high heart rates and ...
Cardoso C R L - - 2005
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients have increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. QT-interval parameters are presumed markers of cardiovascular risk and have not been previously evaluated in SLE. Standard 12-lead ECGs were obtained from 140 female SLE outpatients and 37 age and body mass index-matched controls. QT interval was measured in ...
Turley A J - - 2005
Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a disorder of prolonged cardiac repolarisation, manifest by a prolonged QT interval and characterised by recurrent presyncope/syncope, polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PMVT), or sudden cardiac death. A 46 year old woman with no family history of sudden death or deafness presented with recurrent syncope. Physical ...
Costedoat-Chalumeau Nathalie - - 2005
Apart from complete and incomplete congenital heart block (CHB), new cardiac manifestations related to anti-SSA/Ro antibodies have been reported in children born to mothers bearing these antibodies. These manifestations include transient fetal first-degree heart block, prolongation of corrected QT (QTc) interval, sinus bradycardia, late-onset cardiomyopathy, endocardial fibroelastosis and cardiac malformations. ...
Liang Yanchun - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the QT dispersion measured from 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) can estimate the global dispersion of ventricular repolarization (DVR) measured using a monophasic action potential (MAP) mapping technique. Monophasic action potentials were recorded from 75 +/- 12 left ventricular sites in 10 pigs ...
Eckart Robert E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular conduction delay and QT interval dispersion may be related to electrical instability and the risk of ventricular arrhythmogenesis. The interlead variability of the QT interval on a surface 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) has been associated with an increased likelihood of sudden death in patients with long QT syndromes, in ...
Yamada Satsuki - - 2005
Cardiac diseases are the leading cause of death in population. Diagnostic tests to detect cardiac dysfunction at an early stage of the disease are desirable. The major focus has been centered on tests evaluating the perfusion of the heart with imaging techniques or detecting alterations in electrical or mechanical function ...
Kies Susan J - - 2005
Long QT syndrome is a malfunction of cardiac ion channels resulting in impaired ventricular repolarization that can lead to a characteristic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia known as torsades de pointes. Stressors, by increasing sympathetic tone, and drugs can provoke torsade de pointes, leading to syncope, seizures, or sudden cardiac death in ...
Santoro A - - 2005
The task of dialysis therapy is, amongst other things, to remove excess potassium (K+) from the body. The need to achieve an adequate K+ removal with the risk of cardiac arrhythmias due to sudden intra-extracellular K+ gradient advises the distribution of the removal throughout the dialysis session instead of just ...
Bonnemeier Hendrik - - 2005
Beta-adrenergic blockers exert significant antiarrhythmic activity during ischemia and reperfusion. To further explore the beneficial effects conferred by alpha-1-adrenoceptor blockade on ventricular repolarization dynamicity in the acute phase of myocardial infarction (AMI), we compared carvedilol with metoprolol in the setting of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In a prospective study, ...
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