Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1493
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Asch Federico M - - 2006
The combination of aortic stenosis and left-ventricular dysfunction is a challenging situation for the physician. Diagnosis of this condition requires a detailed evaluation to understand the etiology and reversibility of the ventricular dysfunction and to accurately determine the real severity of the stenosis. Whether the aortic stenosis the cause of ...
Yilmaz Mert - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Coarctation of the aorta in the adulthood is sometimes associated with additional cardiovascular pathologies that require intervention. Ideal approach in such patients is uncertain. Anatomic left-sided short aortic bypass from the arcus aorta to descending aorta via median sternotomy allows simultaneous repair of both complex aortic coarctation and concomitant ...
Feuchtner Gudrun Maria - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the assessment of ascending aortic atherosclerosis with 16-multidetector computed tomography (16-MDCT) angiography prior to total endoscopic coronary artery bypass (TECAB) surgery. METHODS: Forty-five patients were examined with electrocardiogram-gated, 16-MDCT angiography. The presence of atherosclerosis at the ascending aorta was graduated as ...
Venturini Andrea - - 2006
We report a case of posttraumatic aortic valve regurgitation and pseudoaneurysm of the aortic root diagnosed 22 months after a road traffic accident. The surgical treatment consisted of exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm with direct closure of the entry tear in the right coronary sinus followed by insertion of a Toronto ...
Ozsöyler Ibrahim - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The results of aortic valve replacement are uncertain among patients with severe aortic stenosis, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, and low mean transvalvular gradient. The aim of the present study was to report on 27 patients who underwent surgery for aortic stenosis with left ventricular ejection fraction <or=30% and ...
Santa-Cruz Richard A - - 2006
In the ever evolving field of cardiovascular medicine and coronary intervention, the intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is a mature technology, which still plays an important role. The balloon pump invasively supports patient hemodynamics by augmenting diastolic perfusion and increasing diastolic blood pressure, thereby increasing coronary perfusion and reducing afterload. Its ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Concomitant aortic valve replacement (AVR) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is an established risk factor for diminished postoperative survival. Results from a VA population were reviewed in order to determine factors influencing early and late survival. METHODS: Between 1993 and 2003, a total ...
Calles-Vázquez María Carmen - - 2006
The latest generation in titanium clip application systems, the vascular closure staples (VCS) system avoids intimal lesions and therefore minimizes the subsequent hyperplastic reaction, while at the same time enhancing distensibility and vascular growth. Moreover, VCS clips allow the surgeon to perform vascular anastomosis easily and faster than conventional suture. ...
Kim Richard W - - 2006
Aortico-left ventricular tunnel is a rare, paravalvular communication of unclear etiology between the ascending aorta and the left ventricle. The resultant regurgitant diastolic blood flow leads to varying degrees of volume overload and congestive heart failure. Diagnosis is typically made postnatally with echocardiography. Surgical correction is the treatment of choice ...
Frank Christopher M - - 2006
We present the case of a 72-year-old woman who was transferred to our institution in cardiogenic shock and with multiple-organ failure, due to critical aortic stenosis. She was considered too high-risk to undergo aortic valve replacement. A TandemHeart percutaneous ventricular assist device was used to stabilize the patient's condition before ...
Aviram Galit - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The 3D configuration of the aortic-coronary junction is decisive in stenting ostial coronary lesions. We hypothesized that it varies between straight to funnel-shaped tubes and studied arterial orifices using computerized tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Axial and sagittal 2-D and volumetric 3-D reconstructions of the aorto-coronary junction ...
Villa Emmanuel - - 2006
Although a small percentage of patients with critical aortic stenosis do not develop left ventricle hypertrophy, increased ventricular mass is widely observed in conditions of increased afterload. There is growing epidemiological evidence that hypertrophy is associated with excess cardiac mortality and morbidity not only in patients with arterial hypertension, but ...
M. Timur Selcuk
Interrupted aortic arc is defined as a loss of luminal continuity between the ascending and descending aorta. It is a rare congenital malformation and it is classified on the basis of the branches that originate from the proximal aorta. An interrupted aortic arc is usually associated with another congenital intracardiac ...
Brown John W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Apical aortic conduits were used in children with complex left ventricular outflow tract obstruction at our institution before we adopted the Ross and Ross-Konno procedures. The early results with apical aortic conduits were quite good when we used a porcine xenograft conduit and were less satisfactory when we converted ...
Donal Erwan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although the continuity equation remains the noninvasive standard, planimetry using transesophageal echocardiography is often used to assess valve area for patients with aortic stenosis (AS). Not uncommonly, however, anatomic valve area (AVAA) obtained by planimetry overestimates continuity-derived effective valve area (AVAE) in bicuspid AS. METHODS: Transthoracic Doppler and transesophageal ...
Pomerantz Benjamin J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular three-dimensional nonlinear systolic strain determinations have potential to detect small decrements in ventricular function in patients with aortic insufficiency before and after aortic valve replacement. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging with tissue-tagging was performed on 42 normal volunteers and 14 patients with chronic aortic insufficiency both before and ...
Sánchez Pedro L - - 2006
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker of inflammation and predicts outcome in apparently healthy subjects and patients with coronary artery disease. Systemic inflammation is present in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS). The aim of this prospective study was to assess whether CRP levels predict the progression of AS severity. ...
Mukherjee Debabrata - - 2005
The clinical profiles, presentation, and outcomes of patients with acute aortic dissections and associated periaortic hematomas on aortic imaging have not been described in a large cohort. This study sought to assess the prognostic implications of periaortic hematomas in patients with aortic dissections and to identify factors associated with in-hospital ...
Eichinger Walter B - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to evaluate the clinical and hemodynamic performance of the Sorin Soprano bioprosthesis in the aortic position. METHODS: Rest and stress echocardiography were performed at six months after surgery in 57 patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with the stented Soprano ...
Kumbhani Dharam J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Regional myocardial acidosis in patients undergoing cardiac surgery has been shown to be reflective of regional myocardial ischemia. This study elucidates the relationship between intraoperative regional myocardial acidosis and 30-day postoperative outcomes after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Intramyocardial tissue pH in the anterior and posterior left ventricular walls was measured ...
Marktanner R - - 2005
Highly complex vascular surgery interventions have nowadays become possible due to sophisticated operative techniques and modern intra- and postoperative anesthesiological strategies. Accordingly, the number of high risk vascular surgery interventions rises continuously and thus, the number of secondary complications after high risk interventions increases as well and requires likewise extraordinary ...
Eltzschig Holger K - - 2005
Patients with acute aortic dissection of the ascending aorta benefit from rapid surgical intervention. We report a patient with suspected acute aortic dissection based on history and transthoracic echocardiography findings. This patient was taken to the operating room without further workup, where transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed acute myocardial infarction and ...
Zreiqat Jihad - - 2005
Aortic dissection causes acute aortic regurgitation in one half to two thirds of cases, which is due, mainly, to dilatation of the aortic root. The unsupported intimal flap prolapse, which crosses the aortic valve, rarely produces aortic regurgitation. Moreover, transient myocardial ischemia rarely occurs by malperfusion, which might be due ...
Kasikcioglu Hulya Akhan - - 2005
Although the responsible mechanisms are not yet fully known, obstructive sleep apnea is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease and events. The aorta is not only a conduit delivering blood to the tissues but is also an important modulator of the entire cardiovascular system, its elastic properties also ...
Bach David S - - 2005
Persistently high gradients after aortic valve replacement (AVR), potentially caused by prosthesis-patient mismatch or superimposed but unrecognized nonvalvular obstruction, are associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Concomitant valvular and subvalvular left ventricular outflow obstruction was first hypothesized in 1957, and identified and further characterized in the 1960s, before the availability of ...
Hayashi Yoshitaka - - 2005
A 52-year-old woman developed congestive heart failure and was diagnosed with aortic regurgitation with approximately 20 mm of vegetation located on the noncoronary cusp of the aortic valve. The patient had undergone tooth extraction 3 months earlier, and various antibiotics had been given in the treatment of refractory high fever ...
Eghtesady Pirooz - - 2006
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) accounts for nearly 25% of deaths among neonates with congenital heart disease. The essential feature of HLHS is a small left ventricle (LV) incapable of supporting the circulation. The etiology of HLHS is unknown. A hypothesis is proposed implicating an immune mechanism involving maternal antibodies ...
Baumgartner H - - 2005
Even patients with severely reduced left ventricular function and critical aortic stenosis can improve notably following valve replacement.
Cartier Raymond - - 2005
Reconstructing the aortic root represents a formidable task for modern cardiac surgery. By the time an individual reaches 75 years of age his or her aortic apparatus has been submitted to more than three billion cardiac cycles, leaving no place for engineering flaws or misconception. The rules that have been ...
Rashid Abdul - - 2005
A 59-year-old white male presents to our hospital with shortness of breath, bilateral lower extremities swelling, an ejection systolic murmur, and S4 gallop. Echocardiography revealed a congenital bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). Subsequent coronary angiogram revealed a single coronary artery arising as a main trunk from the left coronary sinus. We ...
Evangelista Artur - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Vasodilator therapy can reduce the left ventricular volume and mass and improve left ventricular performance in patients with aortic regurgitation. Accordingly, it has been suggested that such therapy may reduce or delay the need for aortic-valve replacement. METHODS: We randomly assigned 95 patients with asymptomatic severe aortic regurgitation and ...
Anselmino Monica - - 2006
Cardiac involvement is frequent in patients with blunt chest trauma and multiple injuries. Different cardiac structures can be involved, but isolated aortic valve rupture is rare. We report the case of a man admitted to our hospital with multiple injuries as a result of a car crash. Transthoracic, followed by ...
Shanmugam Ganesh - - 2005
Aortic valve replacement following previous coronary surgery is associated with high risk. Major intraoperative problems include those associated with reentry, damage to the left internal mammary artery and myocardial protection. These factors influence operative results and eventual outcome to a large extent. The available evidence largely consists of retrospective series ...
Chandhok Dharmender - - 2005
The first reported use of the transesophageal route to record the thoracic aortic flow using continuous wave Doppler was described by Side and Gosling in 1971. Since then, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has become a valuable tool in monitoring and diagnosis of heart function when indicated during surgery. Currently, anesthesiologists with ...
Lin Shoa-Lin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The information of the prevalence of TAV and its relation to aortic stenosis in a large-scale human population is limited. METHODS: An echocardiographic study was performed prospectively in 2850 subjects to determine the relationship between age and the thickened aortic valves (TAV). Another simulated study was designed to test ...
Mistiaen W W Human Anatomy and Embryology, University of Antwerp, Belgium. - - 2005
To determine by how far worsening outpatient clinical parameters can affect outcome after aortic valve replacement, in patients with preserved left ventricular function and symptomatic aortic valve disease. Five hundred patients with aortic valve disease underwent aortic valve replacement using a bioprosthesis. In 348 patients, another procedure was added. The ...
Meyns Bart - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the life span of cryopreserved homografts implanted in the right ventricular outflow tract and the factors influencing it. METHODS: From 1989 through 2003, we reconstructed the pulmonary valve with 301 homografts in 272 patients (median age 13 years; range 4 days-69 years). Indications were tetralogy of Fallot ...
Warnes Carole A - - 2005
The population of patients with adult congenital heart disease is approximately 800,000 in the U.S. Those with prior cardiac surgery often consider themselves "cured," although the majority faces a lifetime of problems including arrhythmias, ventricular dysfunction, and one or more re-operations. Even patients with repaired "simple" lesions such as an ...
Martinovic Ivo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It is suggested that a simplified implant model Cryolife-O'Brien (CryoLife International, Kennesaw, GA) offers less satisfactory outcome compared with standard stentless models. This study was conducted to prospectively evaluate the midterm results after aortic valve replacement with the Cryolife-O'Brien stentless bioprosthesis. METHODS: In 1996, a prospective clinical trial using ...
Ennker Jürgen - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Although stentless bioprostheses offer hemodynamic advantages, prosthetic valves of smaller size may provide less reduction of left ventricular hypertrophy and, therefore, affect survival and quality of life. METHODS: A total of 303 patients (mean age 75 +/- 7 years) who underwent aortic valve replacement ...
Di Luozzo Gabriele - - 2005
A new technique of myocardial protection was utilized in performing surgery for acute type-A dissection involving the aortic valve, requiring replacement of the root. Simultaneous antegrade and retrograde perfusion of the heart with normothermic blood at high flows allows for safe and precise surgery, without concerns for the period of ...
Tas Serpil - - 2005
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia and deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate deyhdrogenase (G6PD) result in severe hemolysis with different mechanisms. In patients with both pathologies, the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on red blood cells and thrombocytes demand special care before and after open heart surgery. We evaluated the preoperative management and postoperative care of ...
Tomita Hideshi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Few data are available with regard to the impact of aortic cusp herniation on the evolution of aortic regurgitation (AR) in patients with a perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD). METHODS: One hundred and two patients with a perimembranous ventricular septal defect with right coronary cusp prolapse were divided to ...
Aghassi Payam - - 2005
Prior validation studies have established that simultaneously measured catheter (cath) and Doppler mean pressure gradients (MPG) correlate closely in evaluation of aortic stenosis (AS). In clinical practice, however, cath and Doppler are rarely performed simultaneously; which may lead to discrepant results. Accordingly, our aim was to ascertain agreement between these ...
Feier Horea - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to find homograft-related factors that might be associated with the development of stenosis after the Ross procedure, as well as to identify the natural dynamics of stenosis and find echographic cutoff values after one year of follow-up that might predict such an outcome. ...
Lansac Emmanuel - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The presence of conformational changes in the aortic root during the cardiac cycle is well known, but precise information on time-related changes at each level of the root is lacking. METHODS: High-resolution, 3D sonomicrometry (200 Hz) was applied in an acute sheep model. Twelve ...
Bekkers Sebastiaan C A M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the echocardiographic prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in an unselected group of patients referred for regular transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). METHODS: Prospectively, during a 3-month period, a limited ultrasound examination of the infrarenal aorta was performed. AAA was defined as a diameter of 30 mm ...
Maselli Daniele - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to define a method to pre-determine the correct size of neo-sinuses of Valsalva in the reimplantation type of valve-sparing aortic operation. METHODS: The objective was achieved in three steps: (1) evaluation in the healthy population, of the normal size of sinuses of ...
Ramphal Paul S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Issues concerning the training and certification of surgical specialists have taken on great significance in the last decade. A realistic computer-assisted, tissue-based simulator developed for use in the training of cardiac surgical residents in the conduct of a variety of cardiac surgical procedures in a low-volume cardiothoracic surgery unit ...
Webb John G - - 2005
Following aortic valve replacement, up to 5% of patients may develop clinically significant paravalvular leaks. Reoperation is associated with higher mortality and an excess risk of recurrent paravalvular insufficiency. No specifically designed transcatheter device is available for paravalvular leak repair. We describe in a patient with severe aortic prosthetic paravalvular ...
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