Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1493
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Okamura Toru - - 2008
We report a case of left ventricular-right atrial communication complicated by aortic valve incompetence in a 29-year-old man. The patient had a history of heart murmur during childhood. There were no clinical signs of infection. We performed plication of the aortic valve and patch closure of the left ventricular-right atrial ...
Kpodonu Jacques - - 2008
Ascending pseudoaneurysm is an infrequent complication of ascending aortic surgery. Redo operations are often associated with a high surgical morbidity and mortality. Endovascular management of ascending aortic pathologies with endoluminal graft therapies are challenging due to short landing zones and the fear of flow obstruction to the coronaries and brachiocephalic ...
Chacko J - - 2008
We report a case of aluminium phosphide poisoning that presented to us with refractory myocardial depression. This patient developed worsening circulatory failure that did not respond to inotropic or vasopressor support and intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation. She went on to develop progressive metabolic acidosis, renal failure and died within 48 hours ...
Chacko J
We report a case of aluminium phosphide poisioning that presented to us with refractory myocardial depression. This patient developed worsening circulatory failure that did not respond to inotropic or vasopressor support and intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation. She went on to develop progressive metabolic acidosis, renal failure and died within 48 hours ...
Vida Vladimiro L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify and characterize a subgroup of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome who might be at higher risk for stage I failure. METHODS: From January 2001 through December 2006, all patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome who underwent stage I palliation at Children's Hospital Boston were ...
Banach Maciej - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common complications after cardiac surgery. This study evaluates the risk factors of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients who underwent aortic valve replacement. METHODS: The study comprised 300 patients with aortic valve defects of either aortic stenosis (n = 150) or regurgitation (n ...
Pouleur Anne-Catherine - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of planimetric and continuity equation measurements of aortic valve area (AVA) by cardiac MR (cMR) to each other and against transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal (TEE) echocardiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 31 patients (21 men, mean age = 67 +/- 13 years) with aortic ...
Yeo Khung Keong - - 2007
The true incidence of aortic stenosis among the general population is unknown but aortic sclerosis, its precursor, has been estimated to affect about 25% of people over age 65, while an estimated 3% of the population over age 75 have severe aortic stenosis. Severe aortic stenosis, when accompanied by symptoms ...
Loukanov Tsvetomir - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Timing of the operation for exchange of right ventricular (RV) to pulmonary artery (PA) conduits is a matter of considerable debate. We aimed to study the course of right ventricular dimension in patients undergoing conduit exchange. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied all patients who underwent implantation and or ...
Ou Phalla - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension occurs in 20% to 40% of survivors of anatomically successful repair of aortic coarctation (CoA). The aim of the present study was to examine the role of central aortic function in this setting. METHODS: Forty normotensive asymptomatic subjects with successful CoA repair (age 12 +/- 8 years) and ...
Otto Catherine M - - 2007
Calcific aortic stenosis is a disease of the elderly and aortic valve replacement should always be considered for severe symptomatic disease; comorbidities, not age, determine surgical risk. Aortic regurgitation imposes a pressure and volume load on the left ventricle so that close monitoring is needed to identify patients at risk ...
Tao Koji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The impact of aortic valve replacement (AVR) with prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) on intermediate-term outcome and left ventricular mass (LVM) regression in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) was investigated. METHODS: One hundred fifty patients with AS (87 pure stenosis and 63 combined stenosis and regurgitation) were classified into a PPM ...
Blot-Souletie Nathalie - - 2007
Our aim was to validate the clinical feasibility of assessment of the area of the aortic valve orifice (AVA) by real time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) in biplane mode by planimetry and to compare it with the echo-Doppler methods more commonly used to evaluate valvular aortic stenosis (AS).RT3DE in biplane mode ...
Routledge Helen C - - 2007
Aortic stenosis is the most common valvular heart disease in the Western world and its prevalence is increasing with an aging population. Although medical therapy has little to offer in terms of prognosis or symptomatic relief, at least one-third of patients with severe aortic stenosis are denied valve surgery as ...
Salerno Tomas A - - 2007
Simultaneous antegrade/retrograde warm blood perfusion with a beating heart has not been previously reported as a mean of protecting hypertrophied hearts in cardiac valve and aortic root surgeries. Similarly, beating heart mitral valve surgery via the trans-septal approach with the aorta unclamped, is a novel technique. We, herein, report a ...
Selamet Tierney E S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Severe aortic stenosis in the mid-gestation fetus can progress to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). @ In-utero aortic valvuloplasty is an innovative therapy to promote left ventricular growth and function and potentially to prevent HLHS. This study evaluated the effects of mid-gestation fetal balloon aortic valvuloplasty on subsequent fetal ...
Helske Satu - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the current understanding of the pathobiology of aortic valve stenosis and portray the major advances in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: Stenotic aortic valves are characterized by atherosclerosis-like lesions, consisting of activated inflammatory cells, including T lymphocytes, macrophages, and mast cells, and of lipid deposits, calcific ...
Lee Kyung Jin - - 2007
Major surgery in a patient with pancytopenia might be associated with increased surgical risks, especially for bleeding and infection. A 66-yr-old man was admitted to the hospital due to shortness of breath. His dyspnea was classified by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) as functional class III. Prior to admission, ...
Doddamani Sanjay - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Determination of the left ventricular outflow tract cross-sectional area (ALVOT) is necessary for calculating aortic valve area (AVA) by echocardiography using the continuity equation (CE). In the commonly applied form of CE, pir(2) is used to estimate ALVOT utilizing the assumptions that LVOT is round and the parasternal long ...
di Salvo Giovanni - - 2007
The long-term follow-up data subsequent to a successful repair of AoC (aortic coarctation) show that life expectancy remains reduced. Previous standard echocardiographic studies have demonstrated normal or increased systolic cardiac function in patients following successful repair of AoC. SR (strain rate) imaging is a new technique able to detect subclinical ...
Cheriyan J J Clinical Pharmacology, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 2QQ, United - - 2007
Aortic stiffness is an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality in a variety of patient groups including hypertensives and other unselected patients. Despite a sound pathophysiologic basis, termed the ventricular-vascular coupling mechanism, the relationship between aortic stiffness and heart failure has been less well studied. This review summarizes some important trials ...
Dhareshwar Jayesh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Despite concern that small aortic valve prostheses can lead to prosthesis-patient mismatch with diminished left ventricular mass regression and poor long-term outcome after aortic valve replacement, there remains reluctance to perform aortic root enlargement procedures. We therefore examined the operative risks of aortic valve replacement with and without root ...
Roshanali Farideh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of a modified abdominal ultrasound examination, performed as an extension of a routine diagnostic transthoracic echocardiography. This modified examination is arguably a simple, safe, quick, and accurate way to identify patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: This prospective ...
Feezor Robert J - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical and anatomical risk factors for cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) in patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). METHODS: Between September 2000 and December 2006, 196 patients (135 men; mean age 68.6+/-13.5 years, range 17-92) underwent TEVAR for a variety of aortic pathologies. The majority (156, 79.6%) ...
Aqel Raed A - - 2007
We describe a novel approach of using percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty as a bridge to percutaneous coronary intervention in a patient with refractory congestive heart failure, severe aortic stenosis, severe left ventricular dysfunction and severe 3-vessel coronary artery disease who was not a surgical candidate for aortic valve replacement and coronary ...
Bredin Fredrik - - 2007
BACKGROUND: After valve replacement in patients with aortic regurgitation short-term and long-term improvement of left ventricular function are related to early reduction of left ventricular dilatation. This case-control study was conducted to investigate the potential beneficial effects by concomitant application of the Acorn Cor Cap Cardiac Support Device (Acorn Cardiovascular ...
Friedrich Andrew D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the essential elements of the transesophageal echocardiographic examination of the aortic valve, with emphasis on the technique for performing a two-dimensional examination, the quantification of aortic stenosis and regurgitation, and the effect of this modality on cardiac surgical decision making. DESIGN: Literature review. DISCUSSION: Transesophageal echocardiographic examination ...
Tjang Yanto Sandy - - 2007
Aortic valve replacement (AVR) is recommended as a standard surgical procedure for aortic valve disease. Still the evidence for commonly claimed predictors of post-AVR prognosis, in particular mortality, appears scant. This systematic review reports on the evidence for predictors of post-AVR mortality, and may be helpful in pre-surgical risk-stratification. In ...
Kunadian Babu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Stentless aortic bioprostheses have been advocated as being superior to conventional bioprosthetic valves, with benefits including superior left ventricular mass regression and larger effective orifice area. Several high-quality randomized studies now exist on this topic, and we sought to summarize them by meta-analysis. METHODS: The literature was searched from ...
Ahmad Naseem - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve disease is associated with eccentric or concentric left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and changes in the LV mass. The relationship between LV mass and function and the effect of LV remodeling after aortic valve replacement (AVR), in patients with aortic valve disease needs evaluation, that is largely unknown ...
Sasahashi Nozomu - - 2007
Cardiac manifestations of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APLS) comprise a major complication. Herein we report our surgical treatment of aortic regurgitation in a patient with APLS. A 61-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with symptoms of congestive heart failure. Systemic lupus erythematosus had been diagnosed at the age of 36, ...
Sohrabi Bahram - - 2007
Acute aortic dissection during coronary arteriography is quite rare, but is a catastrophic and life-threatening complication. Patients in this clinical setting may have a potential risk for acute myocardial infarction requiring emergency life-saving surgery. Awareness of the problem and its prompt recognition are essential. We describe a case in which ...
Uemura Hideki - - 2007
Three patients with ventricular septal defect, obstructed aortic arch, and valvular aortic stenosis underwent a modification of the Yasui procedure (the Norwood type aortic reconstruction, intraventricular rerouting from the left ventricle to the dual arterial valves, and reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract by the Lecompte maneuver). With a ...
Gaudino Mario - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Myocardial apoptosis has been implicated in heart failure and post-infarct remodeling. In some patients with severe aortic stenosis, delayed valvular replacement is associated with a poor in-hospital outcome. The study aim was to evaluate the impact of cardiomyocyte apoptosis on the postoperative course after ...
Kato Yasuyuki - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The influence of prosthesis-patient mismatch on long-term results after aortic valve replacement remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of prosthesis-patient mismatch on survival and the extent of left ventricular mass regression after aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. ...
Lim D Scott - - 2007
A total of 14 patients with congenital heart disease underwent aortic valve repair, with transesophageal echocardiograms performed to determine severity, mechanism, and direction of aortic insufficiency (AI) jet to tailor the surgical approach. Patient age was 13 +/- 10 years, and accompanying diagnoses were: truncus arteriosus, subaortic stenosis, ventricular septal ...
Grube Eberhard - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine both the procedural performance and safety of percutaneous implantation of the second (21-French [F])- and third (18-F)-generation CoreValve aortic valve prosthesis (CoreValve Inc., Irvine, California). BACKGROUND: Percutaneous aortic valve replacement represents an emerging alternative therapy for high-risk and inoperable patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve ...
Peterson Mark D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Enlargement of the aortic annulus during aortic valve replacement permits insertion of a larger prosthetic valve. Previous reports suggest patch enlargement of the aortic annulus increases operative morbidity and mortality during aortic valve replacement. We compared outcomes for this procedure in a contemporary group of patients with those operated ...
Tabata Minoru - - 2007
The safety and benefit of minimally invasive aortic valve replacement in patients with left ventricular dysfunction has not been well investigated. We conducted a retrospective review of 140 patients with ejection fraction <or= 40% who underwent isolated aortic valve replacement between July 1996 and March 2005. Aortic valve replacement was ...
Takaseya Tohru - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are few reports about the optimal prosthesis for elderly patients who have small aortic roots with an aortic annular size of less than 19 mm. METHODS: From October 2004 to October 2006, 11 women aged 70 years or older (mean age, 74.9 +/- 3.5 years) underwent aortic valve ...
Becker Michael - - 2007
Myocardial deformation imaging is used to assess regional left ventricular (LV) function. We sought to define the impact of changes in LV loading conditions on myocardial deformation parameters. Aortic valve replacement in patients with different aortic valve pathologies was used as a model to assess the impact of preload and ...
Funatsu Toshihiro - - 2007
A 69-year-old man was transferred to our hospital with a diagnosis of acute type A aortic dissection. In the emergent operation, the dissection was found to extend to the orifice of the left coronary artery, but not to the coronary artery itself. The false lumen was closed using glue and ...
Geirsson Arnar - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the significance of malperfusion syndromes in patients with acute type A aortic dissection following a contemporary surgical management algorithm and the effects on morbidity, hospital mortality, and long-term survival. We believe that obliteration of the primary tear site with restoration of ...
KASHIMURA, Takeshi
A 35-year-old female with pre-existing significant aortic stenosis was admitted due to congestive heart failure commencing six months after her fourth delivery, and was diagnosed as peripartum cardiomyopathy. Because of severe contractile dysfunction, the aortic valve pressure gradient had decreased remarkably, indicating low-output, low-gradient aortic stenosis. In addition to the ...
Sievers Hans-H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In general, classification of a disease has proven to be advantageous for disease management. This may also be valid for the bicuspid aortic valve, because the term "bicuspid aortic valve" stands for a common congenital aortic valve malformation with heterogeneous morphologic phenotypes and function resulting in different treatment strategies. ...
Nandeesh B N - - 2007
Aortic dissection is a rare potentially life threatening condition. Neurological complications such as paraplegia as presenting manifestation of aortic dissection are exceedingly rare. We describe a 60-year-old man who presented with acute onset paraplegia with bladder involvement, constricting pain in the lower abdomen, bradycardia and succumbed rapidly within 14h of ...
Fritscher-Ravens A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration of paramural lesions are established diagnostic techniques in gastroenterology and are now also used for therapeutic purposes. The proximity of the heart to the esophagus and the utility of the diagnostic technique of transesophageal echography prompted us to explore the possibilities ...
Kimura Naoyuki - - 2007
A 59-year-old man with a long history of hypertension and diabetes was admitted to our hospital with acute type B aortic dissection 14 days after the sudden onset of back pain. The dissecting descending thoracic aorta was enlarged to 5.2 cm in diameter, and laboratory tests showed an elevated white ...
Cicekcioglu Ferit - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and applicability of on-pump beating heart aortic valve replacement with retrograde coronary sinus (CS) warm blood perfusion. METHODS: The prospective study included 14 consecutive patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with mechanical prosthesis using retrograde CS perfusion. The operative ...
Wagner Ina M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Aortic valve replacement in patients with a small aortic annulus is often associated with increased pressure gradients. For this reason, prostheses for completely supra-annular placement have been developed. To evaluate the potential benefit of this design, the present study compared the effectiveness of 1 intra-supra-annular bioprosthesis and 3 completely ...
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