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Results 301 - 350 of 2924
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Chang Hung-Yu - - 2011
A 36-year-old diabetic man came to our institution presenting with constant left flank pain. Left renal embolic infarction was found by abdominal computed tomography. Silent ST segment elevation myocardial infarction was noted on 12-lead electrocardiogram. Emergent coronary angiography revealed large thrombus burdens with complete occlusion at the left anterior descending ...
Chua Sarah - - 2010
Erythropoietin (EPO) has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic, and proangiogenic effects. This study investigated whether early EPO treatment effectively preserves left ventricular (LV) function in porcine acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Eighteen male mini-pigs divided into groups 1 (sham), 2 (AMI), and 3 (AMI with 2 consecutive EPO doses [7500 ...
Banerjee Dipanjan - - 2010
There now is strong evidence to recognize the pivotal role of the right ventricle (RV) in heart disease and to establish it as a unique and separate entity than the left ventricle (LV). Here, we summarize the differences between the two ventricles, the diagnosis of RV failure, and the management ...
Temes Richard E - - 2010
Although neurogenic stunned myocardium (NSM) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is well described, its clinical significance remains poorly defined. We investigated the influence of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and cerebral vasospasm on cerebral infarction, serious cardiovascular events, and functional outcome after SAH. Of the 481 patients enrolled in the University ...
Kong Jing-Bo - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on serum collagen biomarkers following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Thirty-eight patients were enrolled into a primary PCI (n = 16) and a control (n = 22) group. The PCI group received successful PCI within ...
Levine T Barry - - 2010
Dronedarone is a novel multichannel blocker with antiadrenergic and vasodilatory properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dronedarone on functional capacity in patients with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and compensated stable heart failure (HF). This was a multicentre, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose-escalating study. Patients ...
Scholte Arthur J H A - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether subclinical left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction is independently related to subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetic patients and if it could provide incremental information over baseline characteristics to identify high-risk patients. A total of 234 asymptomatic, type 2 diabetic ...
Nucifora Gaetano - - 2010
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic filling is characterized by the formation of intraventricular rotational bodies of fluid (termed "vortex rings") that optimize the efficiency of LV ejection. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the morphology and dynamics of LV diastolic vortex ring formation early after acute myocardial infarction ...
Edwards Nicola C - - 2010
Patients with early chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Aldosterone levels are elevated and might impair ventricular function through adverse myocardial and vascular proinflammatory and fibrotic effects. In the Chronic Renal Impairment in Birmingham II (CRIB II) study, it was hypothesized that mineralocorticoid receptor blockade ...
Akoum Nazem W - - 2011
Background:  Ectopy-induced cardiomyopathy is an increasingly recognized cause of reversible left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Our goal was to create an animal model for ectopy-induced cardiomyopathy. Methods:  Eleven mongrel dogs underwent the implantation of a dual-chamber pacemaker. Four dogs served as the control group and seven ...
Gupta Mohit - - 2011
In this study, we define the correlation between LV volumes (both LV end-diastolic volume [LVEDV] and LV end-systolic volume [LVESV]) and ejection fraction (EF) on 64 slice multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). We also determine the accuracy of all the LV volume (LVV) parameters to detect LV systolic dysfunction (LVSD) and ...
Mielniczuk Lisa M - - 2011
Background- Left heart failure is characterized by alterations in metabolic substrate utilization, and metabolic modulation may be a future strategy in the management of heart failure. Little is known about cardiac metabolism in the right ventricle and how it relates to other measures of right ventricular (RV) function. This study ...
Toumanidis Savvas Th - - 2011
The early appearance of ventricular fibrillation (VF) following acute myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with adrenergic effects and electrical interactions although some early "mechanical" changes may also occur. The aim of the present experimental study was to examine whether early changes in the functional geometry of left ventricular (LV) contraction ...
Kato Takafumi - - 2010
When one bends the elbow by shortening of the biceps, a knot of muscle is observed in his or her upper arm, indicating that muscle shortening is converted to muscle standing in the perpendicular direction due to the incompressibility of skeletal muscle. A similar mechanism may work in the thickening ...
Xu Kai - - 2010
It has been reported that erythropoietin (EPO) attenuates ischemia-induced damage in a variety of tissues. It is unknown whether EPO alters the left ventricular (LV) remodeling process after ischemic insult. Accordingly, we tested the potential benefits of carbamylated EPO (CEPO) on LV remodeling in rats with myocardial infarction (MI). MI ...
Bertini Matteo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Subendocardial and subepicardial layers have opposite orientation of the myofibres and they are differently affected by coronary artery disease. This study investigated the differences in subendocardial and subepicardial left ventricular (LV) twist in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: 214 patients were included in the study: 60 with first ...
Becker Michael - - 2010
To evaluate the contraction pattern of the systemic right ventricle (RV) in comparison to healthy controls. 31 patients (14 female, mean age 21.5 ± 3.3 years) with congenital corrected (ccTGA) and surgical corrected (D-TGA) TGA and 31 age-matched healthy controls (17 female, mean age 23.1 ± 2.6 years) were included ...
Remmelink Maurice - - 2010
To study online left ventricular (LV) dynamic effects of transmural ischaemia and reperfusion during consecutive balloon coronary occlusions in the setting of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In 10 consecutive unselected patients with stable angina (seven males, mean age 62 ± 3 years) who underwent elective PCI, LV dynamics were continuously ...
Mizuguchi Yukio - - 2010
Left ventricular (LV) untwisting is commonly seen during left atrial (LA) contraction. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that this characteristic motion is associated with chronic LV diastolic dysfunction. Ninety-two patients with cardiovascular risk factors and 36 age-matched normal individuals were included in the present study, ...
Madaj Paul M - - 2010
Few studies have been published describing the association of coronary plaques and coronary artery calcium (CAC) to left ventricular (LV) mass and LV function using multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). Coronary plaques can potentially influence the LV function. We sought to evaluate LV mass and function on MDCT and its correlation ...
Hascoët Sébastien - - 2010
Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) allows accurate calculation of ventricular volumes despite a remaining geometric assumption on the ventricular shape. Few studies involving full volume reconstruction software have been performed on children. Our aim was to compare the left ventricular (LV) volume measurements obtained with the most used 3D analysis software in ...
Winter Michiel M - - 2010
Ventricular systolic and diastolic function, as measured by echocardiography, are diminished in patients with a systemic right ventricle (RV). As the clinical implications of these finding remained unknown, we aimed to identify echocardiographic parameters of systolic and diastolic ventricular function that are independent determinants of the clinical condition in these ...
Robichaux Robert P RP Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2010
Periods of Highly Organized Activation During VF. Little is known about long-duration ventricular fibrillation (LDVF), lasting 1-10 minutes when resuscitation is still possible. To determine global left ventricle (LV) endocardial activation during LDVF, 6 canines (9.5 ± 0.8 kg) received a 64-electrode basket catheter in the LV, a right ventricular ...
D'Andrea Antonello - - 2012
To evaluate left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic myocardial function, and their relation to coronary flow reserve in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DM) and microvascular angina. We selected a population of 45 normotensive patients with DM (56.3 ± 8.2 years; 25 males) with LV ejection fraction >50% and microvascular ...
Guazzi Marco - - 2011
In heart failure (HF), a defective nitric oxide signaling is involved in left ventricular (LV) diastolic abnormalities and remodeling. PDE5 inhibition, by blocking degradation of nitric oxide second-messenger cyclic guanosine monophosphate, might be beneficial. In a cohort of systolic HF patients, we tested the effects of PDE5 inhibition (sildenafil) on ...
Hoshijima Masahiko M Center for Research in Biological Systems, the Department of Medicine, National Center for Microscopy and Imaging Research, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. - - 2011
The BIO14.6 hamster provides a useful model of hereditary cardiomyopathies and muscular dystrophy. Previous δ-sarcoglycan (δSG) gene therapy (GT) studies were limited to neonatal and young adult animals and prevented the development of cardiac and skeletal muscle dysfunction. GT of a pseudophosphorylated mutant of phospholamban (S16EPLN) moderately alleviated the progression ...
Tanaka Komei - - 2011
Adequate evaluation of the nature of the residual failing myocardium, as well as the severity of myocardial injury, is important for managing patients with heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the myocardial function and the prognosis of patients with heart diseases using the force-frequency relationship (FFR). ...
Shinmura Ken - - 2011
Approximately half of older patients with congestive heart failure have normal left ventricular (LV) systolic but abnormal LV diastolic function. In mammalian hearts, aging is associated with LV diastolic dysfunction. Caloric restriction (CR) is expected to retard cellular senescence and to attenuate the physiological decline in organ function. Therefore, the ...
de Jonge G J - - 2011
To assess the accuracy of (semi-)automatic measurements of left ventricular (LV) functional parameters in cardiac dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) compared to manually adjusted measurements in three different workstations. Forty patients, who underwent cardiac DSCT, were included (31 men, mean age 58 ± 14 years). Multiphase reconstructions were made with ten series at every ...
Vogel-Claussen Jens - - 2011
To evaluate the relationships of right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) myocardial perfusion reserves with ventricular function and pulmonary hemodynamics in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) by using adenosine stress perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. This HIPAA-compliant study was institutional review board approved. Twenty-five patients known or ...
Kim Weon - - 2011
We have developed a porcine model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and ischemic heart failure by transcatheter intracoronary injection of ethyl alcohol and observed pathologic changes induced in the alcohol-injured coronary artery and infarcted myocardium. In a total of 12 female pigs, anteroseptal AMI was induced by transcatheter delivery of ...
Pazhenkottil Aju P - - 2011
Objective To assess the value of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony, using phase analysis of nuclear single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) as independent predictor of cardiac events. Methods Phase analysis using Emory Cardiac Toolbox was applied on gated rest MPI scans to assess LV dyssynchrony in a ...
Boogers Mark J - - 2011
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the relationship between the site of latest mechanical activation as assessed with gated myocardial perfusion SPECT (GMPS), left ventricular (LV) lead position and response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The patient population consisted of consecutive patients with advanced heart failure in ...
Ghio Stefano - - 2010
The GISSI-HF trial showed that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), but not rosuvastatin, reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with symptomatic heart failure (HF) of any cause. The aim of this echocardiographic substudy of GISSI-HF was to investigate the effects of n-3 PUFA and of rosuvastatin on left ventricular (LV) ...
Kempny Aleksander - - 2012
To assess ventricular dysfunction and ventricular interaction after repair of Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) employing echocardiography speckle-tracking and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). Severe pulmonary regurgitation and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction are common after repair of ToF and may also affect the shape and function of the left ventricle (LV). ...
Wu Ji - - 2011
The contraction and rotation of left ventricular (LV) segments in a synchronous fashion is vital for cardiac pump function. However, no data exist regarding the relationship of LV segmental mechanics and regional volume change in patients with LV systolic dysfunction. Thirty-two patients with EF < 50% and fifty-two normal subjects were enrolled. ...
Prescimone Tommaso - - 2011
The role of myocardial apoptosis during the development of heart failure (HF), in the absence of coronary artery stenosis, is still debated. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether (similar to functional impairment) the activation of myocardial apoptosis follows a regional pattern in an established model of pacing-induced ...
Bourantas Christos V - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic impact of right ventricular (RV) size in patients with chronic heart failure. Normal volunteers (n = 80) and patients (n = 380) with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction <45% on echocardiography and on optimal treatment for heart failure underwent cardiac ...
Kawut Steven M - - 2010
Elevated resistance and reduced compliance of the pulmonary vasculature increase right ventricular (RV) afterload. Local and systemic inflammation and haemostatic abnormalities are prominent in pulmonary vascular diseases. We hypothesized that plasma biomarker levels indicating greater inflammation and coagulability associated with pulmonary vascular disease would be associated with RV structure and ...
Fertin Marie - - 2010
Left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) indicates a high risk of heart failure and death. However, LV remodeling is difficult to predict, and limited information is available on the association of cardiac biomarkers with LV remodeling. Our aim was to study the association of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), ...
Kırış Abdulkadir - - 2010
Hyperthyroidism causes a variety of adverse effects on the cardiovascular system. Left ventricular (LV) asynchrony is defined as loss of the simultaneous peak contraction of corresponding cardiac segments. The aim of this study was to assess systolic asynchrony in patients with overt hyperthyroidism. Asynchrony was evaluated in 27 patients with ...
Guan Zhiqiang - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between left atrial (LA) myocardial function and left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in subjects with preserved LV ejection fraction (LVEF). The study included a group of 118 hypertensive patients and normal subjects. LV diastolic dysfunction was classified into 4 groups: ...
Yi Na - - 2010
To evaluate the distribution characteristics of left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony (LV-SD) in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and normal QRS wave width, by pulsed-wave Doppler tissue imaging (PW-DTI), and study its relation with left ventricular systolic function, ventricular remodeling, and functional mitral regurgitation (FMR). The time ...
Dogan Halil - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to determine the independent predictors of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) and to assess the relationship between RV ejection fraction (EF) and PE load. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Breath-hold CT of the chest was performed for 64 patients ...
Riedle Nina - - 2010
To determine whether quantification of myocardial blush grade (MBG) during cardiac catheterization can aid the determination of follow-up left ventricular (LV)-function in patients with ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI and NSTEMI). We prospectively examined patients with first STEMI (n = 46) and NSTEMI (n = 49). ECG-gated angiographic series ...
Lancaster Jordan - - 2010
This study examines a viable biodegradable three-dimensional fibroblast construct (3DFC) in a model of chronic heart failure. The viable fibroblasts, cultured on a vicryl mesh, secrete growth factors that stimulate angiogenesis. We ligated the left coronary artery of male Sprague-Dawley rats, implanted the 3DFC 3 weeks after myocardial infarction and ...
Lin Jih-Min - - 2010
Right ventricle (RV) apical pacing is associated with increased incidence of heart failure due to left ventricle (LV) desynchronization. We aim to investigate extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling of the LV in dogs with atria-sensed RV apical pacing. Dogs with pacemakers underwent AV nodal ablation. After 12 weeks of atria-sensed obligatory ...
Wachtell Kristian - - 2010
Patients with hypertension and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy commonly have impaired diastolic filling. However, it remains unknown whether changes in LV diastolic filling variables are associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In this study, 778 patients with hypertension with electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy who underwent echocardiography at baseline and annually thereafter ...
Matthews G D K GD Physiological Laboratory, University of Cambridge, - - 2010
clinical observations suggest that alternans in action potential (AP) characteristics presages breakdown of normal ordered cardiac electrical activity culminating in ventricular arrhythmogenesis. We compared such temporal nonuniformities in monophasic action potential (MAP) waveforms in left (LV) and right ventricular (RV) epicardia and endocardia of Langendorff-perfused murine wild-type (WT), and Scn5a(+/-) ...
Martin Claire A CA Physiological Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Downing Site, Cambridge, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is associated with loss of Na(+) channel function and increased risks of a ventricular tachycardia exacerbated by flecainide but reduced by quinidine. Previous studies in nongenetic models have implicated both altered conduction times and repolarization gradients in this arrhythmogenicity. We compared activation latencies and spatial differences in ...
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