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Results 251 - 300 of 2924
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Wenk Jonathan F JF Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2012
The temporal progression in extent and severity of regional myofiber contractile dysfunction in normally perfused border zone (BZ) myocardium adjacent to a myocardial infarction (MI) has been shown to be an important pathophysiologic feature of the adverse remodeling process in large animal models. We sought, for the first time, to ...
Meredith Ian T - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the safety and efficacy of 2 dose formulations of SYNERGY, a novel bioabsorbable polymer everolimus-eluting stent (EES) (Boston Scientific Corp., Natick, Massachusetts) compared with the durable polymer PROMUS Element EES. BACKGROUND: Durable polymer coatings on drug-eluting stents have been associated with chronic inflammation and ...
Kinsara Abdulhalim Jamal - - 2012
We are reporting a patient who sustained a large myocardial infarction with large kissing thrombi in echocardiogram that disappeared within 1 month without the administration of thrombolytic, anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy. The patient did not manifest any embolic events. This unusual course calls for specific studies on the natural history of ...
Liu Nian N Cardiovascular Genetic Program, The Leon H. Charney Division of Cardiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, - - 2012
Recent studies have shown that flecainide may be an effective therapy to prevent life-threatening arrhythmias in patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. Several hypotheses have been advanced to explain the antiarrhythmic mechanism of flecainide, including Na(+) channel blockade and a direct inhibitory action on the ryanodine receptor. In this article, ...
Hunter Ross J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Atrial stretch causes remodeling that predisposes to atrial fibrillation (AF). We tested the hypothesis that peaks in left atrial (LA) wall stress are associated with focal remodeling. METHODS AND RESULTS: -19 patients underwent LA mapping prior to catheter ablation for persistent AF. Finite Element Analysis was used to predict ...
Hiesinger William W Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2012
Ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction begins with massive extracellular matrix deposition and resultant fibrosis. This loss of functional tissue and stiffening of myocardial elastic and contractile elements starts the vicious cycle of mechanical inefficiency, adverse remodeling, and eventual heart failure. We hypothesized that stromal cell-derived factor 1α (SDF-1α) therapy to ...
Yamada Shoko Merrit - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: For long-term preservation of ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt function, it is essential to place the ventricular catheter tip above the foramen of Monro. But the free-hand technique for ventricular catheter passage is not consistent. METHODS: Supposing that a convex of skull matches to a sphere, in which the foramen of ...
Misfeld Martin - - 2012
With the ever-increasing popularity of minimally invasive (MI) cardiac surgery, procedures like aortic valve replacement, with or without concomitant aortic surgery, and mitral and tricuspid valve procedures are now routinely performed through a minimal-access partial upper sternotomy and right anterolateral small thoracotomy, respectively, in our institution. To have optimal visualization ...
Mega Jessica - - 2012
Antithrombotic therapy plays an essential role in the management of some of the most common and morbid medical conditions. Triple oral antithrombotic therapy (TOAT) is defined as the administration of both therapeutic oral anticoagulation (OAC) and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) to patients with indications for both treatments. The current societal ...
Ganeshpure Swapnil - - 2012
A 76&emsp14;-year-old lady with a recent diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD), and a history of repeated lower respiratory tract infections, came with symptoms of gastritis unrelated to the primary disease but further diagnostic study in the hospital revealed poorly controlled atrial fibrillation, grossly dilated left atrium with two large ...
Cagri Aykan A - - 2012
The risk of systemic embolisation in patients with prosthetic heart valves who are receiving anticoagulation therapy is 0.5 to 1.7% per patient year and most cases present with cerebrovascular events. Here we report the case of a 42-year-old woman who was uneventfully treated with a low dose, prolonged infusion of ...
Dohmen P M - - 2012
Several prostheses are available to replace degenerative diseased aortic valves with unique advantages and disadvantages. Bioprotheses show excellent hemodynamic behavior and low risk of thromboembolic complications, but are limited by tissue deterioration. Mechanical heart valves have extended durability, but permanent anticoagulation is mandatory. Tissue engineering created a new generation heart ...
Toufan Mehrnoush - - 2012
We describe a 73-year-old male patient with left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) who was diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction (MI), three-vessel coronary artery disease, a fresh intraventricular thrombus, and mitral regurgitation. He was treated with full anticoagulant therapy, coronary artery bypass grafting, and mitral valve repair. This case adds to a ...
Niemeijer Nicolasine D - - 2012
We describe a patient with acute cardiogenic shock due to cardiac involvement in idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (Löffler endocarditis). At the echocardiography, there was a huge mass in the left ventricular cavity, resulting in inflow- and outflow tract obstruction. The posterior leaflet of the mitral valve apparatus was completely embedded in ...
White Matt A - - 2012
New skeletal elements are reported of the holotype specimen Australovenator wintonensis, from the type locality, near Winton, central western Queensland. New elements include left and right humeri, right radius, right radiale, right distal carpal 1, near complete right metacarpal I, left manual phalanx II-1, left manual phalanx II-2, near complete ...
König Fabian F Chair of Medical Engineering, Technical University Munich, Boltzmannstrasse 15, Garching 85748, Germany. - - 2012
Heart valve disease (HVD) is a globally increasing problem and accounts for thousands of deaths yearly. Currently end-stage HVD can only be treated by total valve replacement, however with major drawbacks. To overcome the limitations of conventional substitutes, a new clinical approach based on cell colonization of artificially manufactured heart ...
Christou C C Cumberland Infirmary, Carlisle, - - 2012
We present what maybe the only case of splenic infarction causing hyperamylasaemia in a patient with bacterial endocarditis. A 49-year-old gentleman presented a 24 hour history of vomiting, abdominal pain and fever. Clinical examination showed diffuse upper abdominal tenderness, a mild tachycardia and a low grade pyrexia. Blood investigations showed ...
Zhang Zhihong Z Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco San Francisco, CA, - - 2012
Contractile function in the normally perfused infarct borderzone (BZ) is depressed. However, the impact of reduced BZ contractility on left ventricular (LV) pump function is unknown. As a consequence, there have been no therapies specifically designed to improve BZ contractility. We tested the hypothesis that an improvement in borderzone contractility ...
Shiraishi Y Y Department of Medical Engineering and Cardiology, Institute of Development and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan. - - 2012
Annuloplasty for functional mitral or tricuspid regurgitation has been made for surgical restoration of valvular diseases. However, these major techniques may sometimes be ineffective because of chamber dilation and valve tethering. We have been developing a sophisticated intelligent artificial papillary muscle (PM) by using an anisotropic shape memory alloy fiber ...
Tavakolian Kouhyar K Centre for Integrative Bioengineering Research (CiBER), School of Engineering Science, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6. - - 2012
A seismocardiography based methodology is introduced for predicting the start and the end of diastole to be used in diastolic timed vibrations. An accelerometer was placed on the sternum of 142 participants (120 healthy and 22 ischemic heart patients) to record Seismocardiogram (SCG). It is claimed that SCG, in combination ...
Leong Darryl P - - 2011
Purpose: Right ventricular (RV) systolic function as measured by right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) has long been recognized as an important predictor of outcome in heart failure patients. The echocardiographic measurement of RV volumes and RVEF is challenging, however, owing to the unique geometry of the right ventricle. Several nonvolumetric ...
Castillo Javier G JG Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, United - - 2011
In the western world, the prevalence of mitral regurgitation-particularly that due to degenerative disease-has gradually increased despite a substantial decrease in rheumatic disease. If present, secondary ventricular dysfunction, potentially irreversible when clinically diagnosed, requires close echocardiographic follow-up in order to establish a subclinical diagnosis. Thus, echocardiography has become an essential ...
Centofanti Paolo - - 2011
We present our technique for the implantation of the Jarvik 2000 left ventricular assist device (Jarvik Heart, Inc, New York, NY) without cardiopulmonary bypass by the induction of rapid pacing that allows the insertion of the apical device into the left ventricle, minimizing blood loss and surgical complications. Although the ...
Sachdeva Ritu - - 2011
Left ventricular (LV) pseudoaneurysm is rare in children. This report describes the case of a 2-year-old previously healthy girl who was diagnosed with endocarditis and underwent resection of a large mitral valve vegetation from the posterior mitral leaflet. One month after this surgery, she was diagnosed with a large LV ...
Choi Hon Fai - - 2011
Left-ventricular remodeling is considered to be an important mechanism of disease progression leading to mechanical dysfunction of the heart. However, the interaction between the physiological changes in the remodeling process and the associated mechanical dysfunction is still poorly understood. Clinically, it has been observed that the left-ventricle often undergoes large ...
Cingolani Oscar H - - 2011
Nearly 40 years ago, the Sagawa laboratory spawned a renaissance in the use of instantaneous ventricular pressure-volume relations to assess cardiac function. Since then, this analysis has taken hold as the most comprehensive way to quantify ventricular chamber function and energetics, and cardiac-vascular interactions. First studied in large mammalian hearts ...
Kloner Robert A - - 2011
The no-reflow phenomenon relates to the inability to reperfuse regions of the myocardium after ischemia, despite removal of the large epicardial coronary artery occlusion. The mechanism involves microvascular obstruction. In experimental studies, using markers for flow (thioflavin S, carbon black, microspheres), perfusion defects associated with no-reflow demonstrated ultrastructural evidence of ...
Okayama Satoshi - - 2011
A 69-year-old male with a history of classic repair for corrected transposition of the great arteries (TGA) arrived at our hospital with dyspnoea upon exertion. Echocardiography revealed severe dilation and diffuse hypokinesis of the systemic ventricle without obvious valvular dysfunction. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) revealed no significant stenosis. However, the ...
Ko Sheung-Fat - - 2011
: To investigate the effects of immediate intramyocardial implantation of autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BMDMNCs) in minipig myocardium after coronary artery ligation with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), histopathologic, and immunochemical studies. : Of the 12 minipigs subjected to permanent left anterior descending coronary artery ligation, 6 were immediately treated ...
Speelman L - - 2011
Rupture of atherosclerotic plaques is the underlying cause for the majority of acute strokes and myocardial infarctions. Rupture of the plaque occurs when the stress in the plaque exceeds the strength of the material locally. Biomechanical stress analyses are commonly based on pressurized geometries, in most cases measured by in-vivo ...
Fang Yuehua - - 2011
n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3) supplementation is associated with reduced cardiovascular mortality and post-infarction death. However, the impact of omega-3 supplementation in congestive heart failure (CHF) is still unknown. This study assesses the effects of omega-3 supplementation on left ventricular (LV) function and remodelling. We assessed, in rats with CHF ...
Mangrolia Neil - - 2011
Left ventricular noncompaction is a rare cardiomyopathy characterized by prominent ventricular hypertrabeculation. Here, we discuss the case of a 30-year-old man who presented with rapidly conducted atrial fibrillation. The images we present demonstrate appearances characteristic of this cardiomyopathy, with prominent trabeculations and an end-diastolic noncompacted to compacted myocardial thickness ratio ...
Fineschi Massimo - - 2011
In the proposed selection of cases, traditional imaging is integrated with contemporary diagnostic tools available in the cath-lab to navigate the potential mechanisms underlying a very rare complication occurring in the recovery phase of dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography. The data, collected in a time frame of nearly 15 years, provide interesting ...
Al-Amri Hussein S HS Adult Cardiology Department, Prince Sultan Cardiac Centre, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2011
Functional mitral regurgitation is a significant complication of end-stage cardiomyopathy. Dysfunction of one or more components of the mitral valve apparatus occurs in 39-74% and affects almost all heart failure patients. Survival is decreased in subjects with more than mild mitral regurgitation irrespective of the aetiology of heart failure. The ...
Lin Y N - - 2011
Cardiac involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been well described. However, sinus node involvement with profound sinus bradycardia as an early manifestation of adult SLE has not been reported. A 27-year-old previously healthy female was admitted due to intermittent fever for 4 days. SLE was diagnosed based on clinical ...
Ishiyama Gail - - 2011
This article discusses the clinical presentation of vertebrobasilar ischemia and infarcts. Pertinent dizziness intake questions are presented, as well as key components of the physical examination. The anatomy of the posterior cerebral circulation is discussed as are syndromes associated with cerebrovascular infarcts in the posterior circulation. A high incidence of ...
Wei Yingjie - - 2011
Although past studies observed the changes of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) in end-stage heart failure (HF) patients, a consistent and clear pattern of type-specific MMPs and/or TIMPs has yet to be further defined. In this study, proteomic approach of human protein antibody arrays was used ...
Schroeter Thomas T Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Leipzig, Heart - - 2011
Severe tricuspid valve insufficiency causes right atrial dilatation, venous congestion, and reduced atrial contractility, and may eventually lead to right heart failure. We report a case of a patient with severe tricuspid valve insufficiency, right heart failure, and a massively dilated right atrium. The enormously dilated atrium compressed the right ...
Xi Jiahe - - 2011
Parameter estimation from non-invasive measurements is a crucial step in patient-specific cardiac modeling. It also has the potential to provide significant assistance in the clinical diagnosis of cardiac diseases through the quantification of myocardial material heterogeneity. In this paper, we formulate a novel Reduced-order Unscented Kalman Filter (rUKF) applied to ...
Gerstenfeld Edward P - - 2011
Background: Complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFEs) have been described as a target during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation; however, the mechanism leading to CFEs is poorly understood. We used noncontact mapping in a canine model of AF to determine the activation patterns in areas of CFEs. Methods: Sustained AF was induced ...
Damy Thibaud - - 2011
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with left ventricle (LV) remodelling in patients with normal LV function. Sleep-disordered breathing is common in chronic heart failure (CHF) with systolic LV dysfunction, and may contribute to LV remodelling and CHF progression. Our aim was to determine the consequence of SDB on LV geometry ...
Joncas Sébastien X - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: Temporal variations in the incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been described. However, AMI occurrence and biorhythm theory, which proposes the existence of three endogenous independent infradian cycles and AMI occurrence, has not been well studied. The purpose of this study is to determine whether specific days ...
Zaravinos Apostolos - - 2011
Heart failure (HF) is a condition associated with the apoptosis and cell death of both cardiac myocytes and cardiac non-myocytes. DNA fragments released from programmed cell death or acute cellular injury are the main sources of disease-associated elevation of cell-free (cf) DNA. We hypothesized that cfDNA could be a relevant ...
Saito Makoto - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and the effect of cibenzoline (CBZ) on left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients. Echocardiography before and after intravenous CBZ (1.4 mg/kg over 5 minutes) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed ...
Hamdani Nazha - - 2011
Heart failure (HF) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity and one of the most frequent reasons for hospital admission in the United States and Europe. Currently, more than 50% of HF patients have a normal (N) left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) (LVEF >50%). The main pathophysiologic processes ...
Kozàkovà Michaela - - 2011
This study evaluated the impact of prolonged circulatory unloading and subsequent left ventricular (LV) mass decrease on LV myocardial performance. Five-week head-down tilt (-6°) bed rest (HDTBR) was used as a model of prolonged circulatory unloading. Ten young healthy male volunteers (age 23 ± 2 years) were studied a day ...
Chang Hung-Yu - - 2011
A 36-year-old diabetic man came to our institution presenting with constant left flank pain. Left renal embolic infarction was found by abdominal computed tomography. Silent ST segment elevation myocardial infarction was noted on 12-lead electrocardiogram. Emergent coronary angiography revealed large thrombus burdens with complete occlusion at the left anterior descending ...
Chua Sarah - - 2010
Erythropoietin (EPO) has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic, and proangiogenic effects. This study investigated whether early EPO treatment effectively preserves left ventricular (LV) function in porcine acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Eighteen male mini-pigs divided into groups 1 (sham), 2 (AMI), and 3 (AMI with 2 consecutive EPO doses [7500 ...
Banerjee Dipanjan - - 2010
There now is strong evidence to recognize the pivotal role of the right ventricle (RV) in heart disease and to establish it as a unique and separate entity than the left ventricle (LV). Here, we summarize the differences between the two ventricles, the diagnosis of RV failure, and the management ...
Temes Richard E - - 2010
Although neurogenic stunned myocardium (NSM) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is well described, its clinical significance remains poorly defined. We investigated the influence of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and cerebral vasospasm on cerebral infarction, serious cardiovascular events, and functional outcome after SAH. Of the 481 patients enrolled in the University ...
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