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Schopfer David - - 2010
The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for acute myocardial infarction related to process of care aim to decrease morbidity and mortality and provide a standard of care for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Currently, there are limited data comparing adherence between centers providing fibrinolytic therapy alone and ...
Wi Jin - - 2010
Coronary artery aneurysms are uncommon, are usually associated with atherosclerosis, and rarely involve all three major coronary arteries. The present report describes a rare case of a young female patient presenting with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Coronary angiography revealed multiple severe aneurysmal and stenotic changes. Based on clinical feature and ...
Arruda-Olson Adelaide M AM Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2010
To examine left ventricular (LV) function in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and assess its relation to C-reactive protein (CRP) as a measure of the early inflammatory response. We measured the CRP levels early after AMI and correlated them with the early structural and functional cardiac alterations. From November ...
Park Hyo Eun - - 2010
The characteristics of the periodic variation in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the subsequent effect on management and prognosis have not been fully investigated in a large number of Asian populations. From a prospective, observational multicenter online registry, 4,573 patients diagnosed as AMI in Korea from January to December 2006 ...
Weir Robin A P RA Cardiology Department, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland, UK. - - 2010
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is elevated after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and potentiates left ventricular (LV) remodeling in murine models of AMI. We examined the relationships between serum MCP-1, change in LV function and biomarkers related to remodeling in a cohort of AMI patients. Serum MCP-1 concentrations were measured in ...
Milonas Christos - - 2010
Controversy exists regarding whether all patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) benefit from angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs). We examined the association between ACEI treatment and mortality in a large, unselected population of patients with AMI. The present study included 105,224 patients with AMI who were not treated with ACEIs on ...
Sartorius Jennifer A - - 2010
Background/Aims: Study populations are commonly identified using a single data source. However, the inclusion criteria may result in an unacceptable level of false positives/negatives. The utilization of multiple sources may allow for more complex inclusion criteria, therefore improving the accuracy of identification of cases and controls for use in research. ...
Bolognese Leonardo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is a complex syndrome of acute renal failure occurring after the administration of contrast media and contributing to prolonged hospital stay and mortality. The risk of CI-AKI is higher among patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary interventions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but its clinical ...
You L - - 2010
Serum levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were measured in 70 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), comprising 18 with unstable angina (UA), 37 with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and 15 with stable angina (SA); 15 healthy controls were also included. ...
Archbold R Andrew - - 2010
Thrombolytic therapy reduces mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and left bundle branch block (LBBB). The difficulty in accurately diagnosing AMI in patients with LBBB, however, might result in their undertreatment. Among 3,890 patients hospitalized with chest pain, 241 (6.2%) had LBBB at presentation. The only variable independently ...
Olea Fernanda D - - 2010
The effects of growth hormone (GH) on infarct size and left ventricular (LV) function in experimental acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been controversial. Moreover, little, if any, information exists regarding long-term evaluation of therapeutic doses of GH in large mammalian models of AMI. We therefore aimed to assess the effect ...
Paparella Domenico - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The optimal timing for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with recent acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unclear. Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a widely accepted biomarker of myocardial damage. The objective of this study was to determine whether preoperative cTnI values could be used to determine risk ...
Evanchan Jason - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the readmission rate for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients discharged on clopidogrel and a proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) versus patients discharged on clopidogrel alone after experiencing an AMI and undergoing stent placement. Clopidogrel is a prodrug that requires metabolism in the liver ...
Katashima Takashi - - 2010
S100A8/A9 complex (S100A8/A9) is expressed in activated human neutrophils and macrophages. Enhanced expression of S100A8/A9 in atherosclerotic plaque of patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) has been demonstrated, but its profile in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has not been clarified. Serum S100A8/A9 levels were serially measured in patients with AMI ...
Huang Shao-Sung - - 2010
AIM: There is uncertainty about the association between circulating concentrations of adiponectin and coronary heart disease risk, particularly in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The goal of this study was to determine whether plasma adiponectin levels could predict future cardiovascular events in patients after AMI, and to elucidate the ...
Biswas Santanu - - 2010
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a leading cause of death. Inflammatory processes play an important role in atherosclerosis, which is intimately related to AMI. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammatory cytokines ratios and AMI. A total of 90 AMI patients and 90 ...
Ledakowicz-Polak Anna - - 2011
Post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare but catastrophic complication. The aim of study was to delineate the incidence and risk factors of VSD in patients after AMI treated with successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). In the years 2004-2006, a total of 1835 patients with ...
Secchiero Paola - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the potential role of metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) in promoting the cleavage of TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL), whose circulating levels are decreased after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: The levels of MMP2 and of tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease 2 (TIMP2), as well as ...
Wang Guo-Kun - - 2010
microRNA (miRNA) is reported to be present in the blood of humans and has been increasingly suggested as a biomarker for diseases. We aim to determine the potential of cardiac-specific miRNAs in circulation to serve as biomarkers for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). By verifying their tissue expression patterns with real-time ...
Sato Akira - - 2010
Noninvasive identification of nonculprit lesions could improve preventive strategies for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We assessed the morphology, composition, and spatial distribution of nonculprit coronary plaques in patients with AMI using computed tomographic angiography (CTA). A total of 64 patients with AMI underwent 64-slice CTA within 2 weeks after admission, ...
Saratani Kazushi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the relationship of in vivo plaque color in the culprit lesion by coronary angioscopy (CAS) with the long-term clinical outcome in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: Consecutive 224 patients with AMI were enrolled in the present study. The culprit ...
Van Tassell Benjamin W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is an inflammatory cytokine that responds as an acute phase reactant during acute myocardial infarction. Conflicting data describe the role of anti-IL-1 interventions to reduce cardiac remodeling after AMI. IL-1 Trap is a modified recombinant fusion protein that binds circulating IL-1. Our study evaluated the effects of ...
Gerbaud Edouard - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine the relative value and the influence of the association of 4 cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) viability indexes for predicting segmental functional recovery after optimal pharmacologic therapies and early percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). CMR has been shown to predict ...
Hong Jae Seok - - 2010
According to recent reports, reduced weekend staffing in hospitals may lead to a lower intensity of management of patients with acute conditions such as acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The present study evaluated differences in the case fatality rate of Korean patients admitted with AMI on weekdays vs those admitted on ...
Trachsel L D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: On March 1st, 2008 a smoking ban in public buildings became effective in the Canton of Graubuenden, Switzerland. The aim of our study was to investigate, whether implementation of this new regulation was followed by a decrease in the incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ...
Atary Jael Z - - 2010
AIMS: To assess the number of patients in daily clinical practice that meets criteria for implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) when treated according to an aggressive treatment protocol. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients were treated according to the MISSION! protocol. The protocol encompasses pre-hospital, ...
Neskovic Aleksandar N - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The occurrence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is rare, especially when the platelet count is low. Since only few case reports have been published, there are no recommendations for the management of thrombocytopenic patients with AMI. The aim of the ...
Shi Bing - - 2010
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs(miRNAs) are important cellular components and their dysfunction is associated with various diseases. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the most serious cardiovascular diseases. Although several miRNAs are reported to be associated with AMI, more novel miRNAs are needed to further investigate and improve certainty METHODS: We applied ...
Ibrahim Tareq - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the time course of delayed gadolinium enhancement of infarcted myocardium by using serial contrast agent-enhanced (CE) cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained during the acute, subacute, and chronic stages of infarction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study protocol was reviewed and approved by the local ethics committee, and ...
Aune Erlend - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the implementation of an early invasive strategy for unselected patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) would be associated with reduced long-term mortality compared to a conservative approach. In this prospective observational cohort study of consecutive patients admitted for AMI in ...
Szydło Krzysztof - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Left ventricle remodeling (LVR) is regarded as a marker of unfavorable outcome in patients following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Repolarization, especially its late part (TpeakTend), is strongly related to local myocardial attributes. We assessed prospectively in this study if repolarization duration (measured from one hour of nighttime) might predict ...
Feng Jieli - - 2010
Coronary flow velocity (CFV) can be used to assess short-term left ventricular function recovery and the clinical prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We evaluated CFV as a predictor of long-term left ventricular function recovery and cardiac events in patients with anterior wall AMI. CFV pattern of the ...
Jin Jun - - 2010
Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) is effective in predicting myocardial viability and functional recovery on a segmental level in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In this study, we investigated whether insufficient myocardial reperfusion plays an important role in left ventricular (LV) remodeling and functional recovery in patients with thrombolysis in ...
Chatzizisis Yiannis S - - 2010
We report a very rare case of a patient who presented with headache as the sole symptom of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The patient underwent primary percutaneous coronary angioplasty followed by drug-eluting stent implantation and the headache was immediately relieved. The pathophysiologic explanation of the occurrence of headache as ...
Mamas Mamas A - - 2010
Glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) therapy has been proposed to provide metabolic support to ischemic myocardium. A meta-analysis that included 1932 patients performed 10 years previously demonstrated that GIK therapy may have an important role in reducing mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Since then, many larger randomized trials investigating the role of ...
Herlitz Johan - - 2010
The two major complications of atherosclerosis are acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and acute ischemic stroke. Both are life-threatening conditions characterised by the abrupt cessation of blood flow to respective organs, resulting in an infarction. Depending on the extent of the infarction, loss of organ function varies considerably. In both conditions, ...
Mather Adam N - - 2010
Improved outcomes for normoglycemic patients suffering acute myocardial infarction (AMI) over the last decade have not been matched by similar improvements in mortality for diabetic patients despite similar levels of baseline risk and appropriate medical therapy. Two of the major determinants of poor outcome following AMI are infarct size and ...
Kitada Shuichi - - 2010
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are risk factors for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, it is unknown whether hyperglycemic state is associated with increased major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) after AMI. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between glucometabolic status and MACE in patients after AMI, ...
Tarantini Giuseppe - - 2010
Reperfusion remains the definitive treatment for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but restoring blood flow carries the potential to exacerbate the ischemia-related injury. Postconditioning might modify reperfusion-induced adverse events. The POSTconditioning during Coronary Angioplasty in Acute Myocardial Infarction (POST-AMI) trial is a single-center, prospective, randomized study, with a planned inclusion of ...
Kubo Takashi - - 2010
Autopsy studies have suggested that acute myocardial infarction (AMI) represents a pan-coronary process of vulnerable plaque development. We performed multifocal optical coherence tomographic (OCT) examination to compare coronary lesion instability between AMI and stable angina pectoris (SAP). A total of 42 patients with AMI (n = 26) or SAP (n ...
Fuller Eileen E - - 2009
To determine whether the incidence of nausea and vomiting in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) varies with infarct location, we studied 180 patients who had been admitted to our hospital for ST-segment elevation AMI or AMI associated with left bundle branch block. The presenting symptoms (chest pain, nausea, and ...
Ko Dennis T DT Division of Cardiology, Schulich Heart Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, and Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2010
Cardiac catheterization is substantially underused among higher-risk patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with appropriate indications but overused among patients with inappropriate indications. We sought to determine the importance of anticipated benefit and anticipated harm on the use of cardiac catheterization among older patients with AMI. We performed an analysis ...
Shiraki Hiroto - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular myocardial infarction (RVMI) is the major cause of hypotension and/or shock (HpS) after acute inferior myocardial infarction (inferior AMI). It is, however, unclear how RVMI affects the acute hemodynamic course. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present study, 153 patients with inferior AMI caused by right coronary artery ...
Roncella Adriana - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A number of previous studies addressed the effect of psychological interventions in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but it is not known whether psychotherapy might be beneficial after medical and interventional therapy of AMI. We designed a randomized, controlled study to assess the effects of a short-term psychotherapy ...
Sezer Murat - - 2009
BACKGROUND: After acute myocardial infarction (AMI), the recovery of perfusion in infarct area may lead to significant spontaneous infarct size (IS) reduction during the subsequent period. The natural course of infarct-healing process after reperfusion therapy has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated the time course of the ...
Kunii Hiroyuki - - 2009
This study aimed to assess the involvement of bilirubin and its oxidative metabolite biopyrrin in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to determine the responsible organs that overproduce these molecules. One hundred thirteen consecutive patients hospitalized for AMI were analyzed. Levels of serum bilirubin, plasma and urinary biopyrrins were ...
Takii Toru - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, the rate of aging is highest in Japan, especially the female population. To explore the trends for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Japan, the MIYAGI-AMI Registry Study has been conducted for 30 years since 1979, whereby all AMI patients in the Miyagi prefecture are prospectively registered. METHODS AND ...
László K D - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Studies investigating the prognostic role of job stress in coronary heart disease are sparse and have inconclusive findings. We aimed (i) to investigate whether job strain predicts recurrent events after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and if so (ii) to determine behavioural and biological factors that contribute to the explanation ...
García Ronald G - - 2011
Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) is one of the main causes of mortality and disability in Colombia. The factors associated to a new event in surviving subjects to a first AMI in our population have not yet been fully identified. Two hundred and ninety five surviving subjects to a first AMI ...
Haltern Georg - - 2010
We aimed to assess the additive diagnostic value of measuring the serum levels of soluble human heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) in the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in unselected patients with chest pain. A total of 97 consecutive patients with acute ischemic-type chest pain were prospectively ...
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