Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1724
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Singh Sheldon M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The role of scientific evidence in shaping recommendations on capacity targets and cardiovascular technology utilization is unclear. METHODS: The temporal growth in the use of coronary angiography services and the use of statins after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was determined for all patients older than 65 years admitted ...
- - 2008
Patients sustaining acute myocardial infarction (AMI) often require urgent percutaneous revascularization within the first 24 h from onset of the infarction due to continuous ischemia and hemodynamic instability. Upon arrival to the cardiac catheterization, the electrocardiogram of AMI patients may exhibit acute ST-elevation (STEMI) with or without accompanying Q-wave or ...
Aronson Doron - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Elevation of blood glucose is a common metabolic disorder among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and is associated with adverse prognosis. However, few data are available concerning the long-term prognostic value of elevated fasting glucose during the acute phase of infarction. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We prospectively studied ...
Kowalczyk Jacek - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The prognostic significance of different types of renal dysfunction in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been well characterized. METHODS: The single-center AMI registry encompassed 1,486 consecutive AMI patients treated with PCI, who were followed by mean 29.7 months. Subjects with ...
Shafey Mona - - 2007
Genetic factors are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A common variant of factor XIII (FXIII), FXIII Val34Leu, may be protective against developing an AMI, but various studies show conflicting results. We performed a meta-analysis to determine whether the FXIII Val34Leu variant is associated with ...
Ozaki Kazuyuki - - 2007
Dynamic intraventricular obstruction is a less well-known mechanical complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Its hallmark is the development of a new systolic murmur, and echocardiography is necessary for diagnosis. We describe a case of a 74-year-old woman with dynamic intraventricular obstruction complicating AMI. Serial echocardiography suggested that the intraventricular ...
Hahn Jessica J Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, - - 2007
Limited data are available describing contemporary trends in the utilization of diagnostic and interventional procedures in patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The objectives of our population-based investigation were to examine long-term trends (1986-2003) in the utilization of cardiac catheterization, percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), and coronary artery bypass graft ...
Khan Sohail Q - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the prognostic impact of midregional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Adrenomedullin (ADM) is elevated in heart failure (HF) and after AMI. Another part of its precursor, MR-proADM, is more stable in circulation and ex vivo. We investigated the cardiovascular prognostic ...
Kälsch Thorsten - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Acute myocardial infarction, often occurring postprandially, can be complicated by ventricular fibrillation. The role of acute alimentary lipemia and inflammation in the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias in acute myocardial infarction has not been described yet. METHODS AND RESULTS: Before and 2 h after consumption of a defined fatty meal, ...
Shah Rahman - - 2007
Multiple studies have shown sex and racial differences in the management and outcomes of ischemic heart disease, but whether these sex and racial disparities persist in patients with troponin-only-positive acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unknown. The authors evaluated a nationwide sample of eligible Medicare beneficiaries, 65 years or older, who ...
Ko Sung-Min - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the myocardial enhancement patterns in patients with myocardial infarction using two-phase contrast-enhanced multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients with clinically proven myocardial infarction (17 acute myocardial infarction [AMI] and 6 chronic myocardial infarction [CMI]) were examined with two-phase ...
Kojima Sunao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting information about whether nitrate treatment aggravates long-term prognosis, so the present retrospective study was designed to determine the effects of long-term nitrate therapy on major adverse events after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the coronary interventional era. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the Japanese Acute Coronary Syndrome ...
Zhao Jing-Lin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In animal models, pretreatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) can reduce no-reflow. In the present study, we investigated whether pretreatment with ACEI may prevent no-reflow in patients who underwent primary coronary intervention for AMI. METHOD AND RESULTS: A total of 259 consecutive patients who underwent primary angioplasty for a ...
Assali Abid R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Renal insufficiency (RF) was shown to be associated with a worsened prognosis following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Objectives: The authors analyzed the outcomes of AMI patients with impaired renal function tests treated using primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), to determine factors associated with increased mortality risk. METHODS: This study ...
Mehta Laxmi - - 2007
Obesity is a widespread problem, particularly in the cardiovascular disease population. Obese patients have a lower incidence of cardiovascular mortality after elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs); however, there is a paucity of data in the acute myocardial infarction (AMI) setting. This study investigated the effects of body mass index (BMI) ...
Nakatani Daisaku - - 2007
Little information is available regarding the clinical effect of metabolic syndrome (MS) or its combined effect with smoking on subsequent cardiac events after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). To examine whether MS independently predicts cardiac events (cardiac death and nonfatal reinfarction) and to assess the combined effect of MS and smoking ...
Airoldi Flavio - - 2007
Nitroprusside (NTP) is used for the treatment of slow coronary flow (SCF) after coronary interventions. The wide variation in dosage, route, and timing of its administration in the reported studies prevents an objective assessment of its efficacy. We report the incidence and response to a standardized NTP protocol of SCF ...
Pantos Constantinos - - 2007
It is now recognized that changes occurring during cardiac remodeling may influence the tolerance of the myocardium to ischemic stress. Therefore, the present study investigated the response of the post-infarcted heart to ischemia in an experimental model of ischemia and reperfusion injury and the possible underlying mechanisms. Acute myocardial infarction ...
Tani Shigemasa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Progress in reperfusion therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has greatly reduced acute phase mortality, but few data exist regarding the time trends in left ventricular (LV) remodeling in hospital survivors of AMI. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study enrolled 813 patients with AMI who had received reperfusion therapy and ...
Young John J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Thrombus and soft, friable atheromatous plaque are present in the majority of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and may result in distal embolization and no reflow during primary angioplasty. Thrombectomy prior to intervention may decrease thromboembolic complications and improve outcomes. METHODS: The X-TRACT AMI registry was a prospective, ...
Nyolczas Noémi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous data suggest that bone marrow-derived stem cells (BM-SCs) decrease the infarct size and beneficially affect the postinfarction remodeling. METHODS: The Myocardial Stem Cell Administration After Acute Myocardial Infarction Study is a multicenter, prospective, randomized, single-blind clinical trial designed to compare the early and late intracoronary or combined (percutaneous ...
Avramakis G - - 2007
Platelet (PLT)-endothelial cell and PLT-leukocyte interactions at lesion-prone sites might trigger a local inflammatory response early in the genesis of atherosclerosis and contribute to plaque destabilization leading to acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The aim of this study was to assess the PLT count, mean PLT volume (MPV), PLT mass, white ...
Naito Kotaro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fever is frequently observed in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI); however, its prognostic significance remains to be determined. We sought to determine the prognostic significance of increased body temperature (BT) after AMI. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 156 consecutive patients with reperfused first anterior AMI. Axillary BT was ...
Oren Hüseyin - - 2007
Left ventricular (LV) remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a major mechanism for cardiovascular death and disability. A significant number of post-MI patients develop progressive left ventricular enlargement and heart failure and many require heart transplantation and ventricular assist devices. Understanding of the basic mechanisms regulating the reaction to ...
Balmain Sean - - 2007
We report a case of a 40 year old pregnant woman who presented with an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by ventricular fibrillation. She underwent successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). With a tendency towards increased maternal age in developed countries, AMI during pregnancy may become a more frequent occurrence.
Nallamothu Brahmajee K - - 2007
Medical advances may be shifting patients with coronary artery disease away from the hospital setting despite an aging United States population. We explored this possibility using national inpatient data to estimate the number and population-based rates of hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and coronary revascularization from 2002 to 2005. ...
Ovidiu Burta
Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) represents a severe manifestation of the spectrum of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). The incidence of AMI has attained alarming proportions in both the developed and developing countries. Our preliminary short-term study focuses on the clinical application of the biomarker C-Reactive Protein (CRP) in the laboratory diagnosis ...
Kohno Takashi - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mitral regurgitation (MR) is frequently observed in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and is known to convey an adverse prognosis. We sought to clarify the relationship between MR and left ventricular (LV) remodeling, in association with serum C-reactive protein (CRP) elevation. METHODS/RESULTS: A total of 181 patients with ...
Moser Debra K - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that perception of control moderates any relationship between anxiety and in-hospital complications (i.e., recurrent ischemia, reinfarction, sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation, and cardiac death) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Anxiety is common among patients with AMI, but whether it is associated with ...
Markowicz-Pawlus Ewa - - 2007
Background: Cardiac rupture (CR) is a common cause of death following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Despite improvements in AMI treatment, the frequency of CR remains considerable and in most cases leads to death. The aim of the study was to define the independent prognostic CR risk factors of AMI in ...
Caimi Gregorio - - 2007
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in young adults is considered by some authors as an autonomous disease, characterized by peculiar risk factor pattern, clinical course and prognosis. We studied, in a group of 96 patients aged < 46 years with recent AMI, the haemorheological parameters (whole-blood, plasma and serum viscosity, haematocrit, ...
Leiza Jose Ramon Garmendia - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine the existence of the circadian rhythm (CR) in the onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in different patient subgroups. Information was collected about 41,244 infarctions from the database of the ARIAM (Analysis of Delay in AMI) Spanish multicenter study. CR in AMI ...
Sosnowski Maciej - - 2007
Background: In prognostic terms, evaluation of an ECG recording in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) appears to be inferior to echocardiographic (ECHO) assessment of left ventricular remodelling and the activities of cardiac enzymes and certain hormones. It was our hypothesis that, in the era of interventional treatment of AMI, some ECG ...
Nijveldt Robin - - 2007
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is considered the standard imaging modality in clinical trials to monitor patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, limited data is available with respect to infarct size, presence, and extent of microvascular injury (MVO), and changes over time, in relation to cardiac function in these ...
Di Filippo Clara - - 2007
Several studies have recognized the strong impact that the acute myocardial infarctions (AMI) have on the morbidity and mortality of patients affected by cardiovascular diseases. Still open, however, is the field concerning the mediators and the pathways involved in the etiology of this cardiovascular event. The present review would support ...
Yogaratnam Jeysen Zivan - - 2007
Heart failure (HF) is a chronic condition that is expected to increase in incidence along with increased life expectancy and an aging population. As the incidence of HF increases, the cost to national healthcare budgets is expected to run into the billions. The costs of lost productivity and increased social ...
Yasuda Satoshi - - 2007
Previous experimental studies have demonstrated that MMPs (matrix metalloproteinases) contribute to LV (left ventricular) remodelling. We hypothesized that cardiac MMPs are activated in patients with AMI (acute myocardial infarction) and, if so, MMP production may be attenuated by statins (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors) through their cardiovascular protective actions. We studied 30 ...
Shiraishi Jun - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Obesity may be linked with coronary atherosclerosis in young males. This study investigated the etiology of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in young Japanese male patients with or without obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective study included 2,230 AMI patients enrolled in the AMI-Kyoto Multi-Center Risk Study between January 2000 ...
Katayama Toshiro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Our study was planned to investigate the relationship between plasma levels of serum amyloid A protein (SAA) concentrations and the subsequent left ventricular systolic function in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with primary coronary angioplasty. METHODS AND RESULTS: Reperfusion by primary percutaneous coronary intervention was successful in ...
Korkmaz C - - 2007
The present study aims to report a-20-year old girl with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed myocardial infarction (MI) and also aims to review acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in young SLE cases (< or =35 years) reported in the literature. We conducted a comprehensive review of the English literature from ...
Manuel Douglas G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Health administrative data are increasingly used to examine disease occurrence. However, health administrative data are typically available for a limited number of years - posing challenges for estimating disease prevalence and incidence. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of people previously hospitalized with an acute ...
Gottlieb Shmuel - - 2007
PURPOSE: The number of elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is growing rapidly, and their early and postdischarge mortality is high. Several studies have reported a decline in mortality after myocardial infarction; however, the magnitude of the decline among the elderly has not been fully investigated. METHODS: We assessed ...
Noirot Laura A - - 2007
An automated guideline monitor for secondary prevention of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been favorably tested at an academic medical center using a randomized controlled trial. Subsequently, the monitor was implemented in a production mode and has been in production use for five years. Statistical process control analysis shows a ...
Solar Miroslav - - 2007
The ventricular arrhythmias with underlying coronary artery disease are a leading cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD). While the SCD survivors with proven AMI are considered to be at low risk of SCD recurrence, those without the evidence of AMI represent a high risk group that benefits from implantable cardioverter ...
Spagnoli Luigi Giusto - - 2007
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) associated with unfavorable prognosis is likely to be the consequence of a diffuse active chronic inflammatory process that destabilizes the whole coronary tree and myocardium, suggesting a possible common causal agent underlying both conditions. The main objective of this study was to investigate whether Chlamydia pneumoniae ...
Ikeno Fumiaki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To improve myocardial flow during reperfusion after acute myocardial infarction and to elucidate the molecular and cellular basis that impedes it. According to the AHA/ACC recommendation, an ideal reperfusion treatment in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) should not only focus on restoring flow in the occluded artery, but ...
Applegate Robert J - - 2007
In clinical trials of highly selected patients, drug-eluting stents (DESs) decreased restenosis but not the rate of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or death. Whether DES use has an affect on the rate of AMI or death in unselected patients is uncertain. Bare metal stents (BMSs) were placed in 1,164 consecutive ...
LaBounty Troy - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The frequency of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) peaks on Mondays and in the mornings. However, the distribution of the types of acute coronary syndromes (ACS), including unstable angina (UA), has not been systematically evaluated. HYPOTHESIS: The distribution of the types of ACS and clinical presentations varies by time and ...
Schweitzer P - - 2006
The management of ventricular tachyarrhythmias and prevention of sudden cardiac death after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) underwent important evolution. In the CAST study, encanaide and other antiarrhythmic drugs were not only ineffective but also increased mortality after myocardial infarction. Amiodarone had some beneficial effect on arrhythmic events without improving survival, ...
Yang Eric H - - 2006
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a subset of the acute coronary syndromes and can be classified as being either a ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or a non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). A clear distinction between STEMI and NSTEMI is essential because of the differences in management. The purpose of this ...
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